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人教版高中英语必修五unit2 language points(reading)


Unit2 United Kingdom
Words &expression

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First,Listen to the tape carefully!
Second,study every word.

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Unite [ju?'na?t] v.

/>vt. 使…混合;使…联合;使…团结 vi. 团结;联合;混合 ? Eg: 1.Let’s unite still more closely. ? 让我们更紧密地团结起来。 ? 2.Several firms were united to form one company. ? 把几家商行合并成一个公司。

consist [k?n's?st] vi.
1.由…组成,构成;包括,包含(常与 of连用) consist of ? Carbon dioxide consists of carbon and oxygen. ? 二氧化碳是由碳和氧组成的。 ? 2.存在于,在于;表现为(常与 in 连用) consist in 在于 ? Life has taught us that love does not consist in gazing at each other, but in looking outward together in the same direction. ? 生活教会我们,爱并不在于长久地凝视,而在 于眺望远方同一方向的希望。
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consist
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3.符合,一致;并存;(常与with连用) Our deeds must consist with our words. 我们必须言行一致。 Eg:Life mainly consists of happiness and sorrow while happiness and sorrow consist in struggle. 生活主要由快乐和悲伤组成,而快乐和悲 伤主要存在于拼搏之中。

Exercise
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1.As we all know , the UK is a large country_______(consist) of four parts. consisting (非谓语动词,动词ing形式作 后置定语,表主动.) 2.我们班级由65名同学组成。 Our class consists of sixty-five students. 3.什么才算是幸福呢? What does happiness ______ ____? consist in

divide….into 把….分成
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1. (使)成为,(使)分成 Eg: Divide students into small groups. 将学生分成若干小组。 2.除以…… Three will not divide into seven. 三除不尽七。

compare
Divide..into
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Separate…from
意为“使分开,使分 离”,指把原来结合 在一起的东西分开, 有时含有用暴力强行 分开之意。 Eg:He has been separated from his parents since he was 25 years old.

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意为“把……分成”,? 指把整体分为若干 部分。 Eg:we divided the apple into several ? parts.

Clarify ['kl?r?fa?]
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vt. 澄清;阐明 Can you clarify this long sentence? 你能把这个长句子解释清楚吗? adj. clarified 澄清的;透明的 n. clarity 清楚,明晰;透明 n. clarification 澄清,说明;净化 v. clarified 阐明(clarify的过去分词形式); 澄清

accomplish [?'k?mpl??] vt.
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1.达到(目的);完成(任务、使命、计划、事 业等);实现(诺言、计划等): to accomplish one's mission完成使命 This task is accomplished by great effort. 这项任务是经过巨大努力才完成的。 2.做到,做成,做成功: She seems to accomplish nothing. 她似乎没有任何建树。

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Accomplish much大有作为 accomplish nothing 一事无成 ; 没有出路 ; 一无所成 One who doesn‘t work hard can't hope to accomplish much. 不努力工作的人不能期望有多大造诣。

Conflict ['k?nfl?kt]
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vi. 1.冲突,抵触;矛盾,对立,分歧: 2.争斗,冲突;战斗 N. 1.战斗,斗争;冲突 2.争执;争吵 conflict with冲突;与…抵触 in conflict with和…冲突 You had these Other ideas that are in conflict with mine. 你有这些其它想法,都跟我的有冲突。

unwilling [?n'w?l??]
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adj. 不愿意的;不情愿的;勉强的 The government was unwilling to accept the defeat.政府不愿意接受失败。 unwillingly adv. 不情愿地 He accepted his orders very unwillingly. 他非常不情愿地接受了他的命令。 n.unwillingness 不愿意;不情愿

break away (from) 挣脱,脱离
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He broke away from that lawless group years ago. 他在几年前脱离了那个非法团体。 He's broken away from his family. 他与家庭断绝了关系。 The southern part broke away from Ireland to formed its own government.

break 短语
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break in 破门而入,打断 break down破坏, 毁掉; 破除;(健康、 精神)崩溃;分解 break into破门而入, 突然……起来 break out战争爆发, 争吵爆发, (火灾) 发生 break through 出现,突破 break up打碎,拆散, 分裂、分解

Credit ['kred?t]
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n. 信誉;[金融] 贷款;学分;信任;声望 vt. 相信,信任;把…归给,归功于;赞颂 Credit cards 信用卡 ; 信誉卡 ; 名誉卡 ; 荣誉 卡 To one’s credit 为….带来荣誉;值得赞扬; 在….名下 To his credit, he has admitted his mistakes. 值得表扬的是他认了自己的错误。

convenience [k?n'vi?n??ns]
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n.便利,方便,合适,适宜(un) 方便的时候,方便的机会 便利条件;便利设施,方便的用具(cn) at your convenience 在您方便时,得便(请…) for the convenience of 为了…的方便 Eg:A new general store has been built for the convenience of the residents. 为便利居民, 新建了一个百货商店。

convenient adj.方便的,便利的
convenient store便利商店 ? I live just by the market, and it's very convenient to go shopping. ? 我家就住在商场旁边, 买东西很方便。 ? It is convenient for sb to do sth. ? eg: when would it be convenient for you to start work?你什么时候方便开始工作?
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attract [?'tr?kt]
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vt. 吸引;引起 vi. 吸引;有吸引力 to attract attention引起注意 attract one's attention吸引某人的注意力 sb be attracted by sth Attraction n. 吸引,吸引力;引力;吸引人 的事物 tourist attraction 观光胜地 Attractive adj 吸引人的,有魅力的

collection [k?'lek?(?)n]
n. 采集,聚集;[税收] 征收;收藏品; ? collect vt. 收集;募捐 ? vi. 收集;聚集;募捐 ? collect data 收集资料 ? collect money集资;筹钱 ? collect oneself 镇定下来,使自己平心静 ? eg: The party depends on whether or not we can collect enough money. 这次聚会取决于我们能否收集到足够的钱。
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Enjoyable [?n'd????bl]
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adj. 快乐的;令人愉快的 I do not think that movie is very enjoyable. 我看那部电影并不怎么有趣。 enjoy vt. 享有,享受;欣赏;喜欢;使过 得快活 enjoy doing sth 喜欢做….. enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 enjoy sth. 享受...

Leave out 省去,遗漏,不考虑
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Leave out sth Leave sth out His name is left out of the membership list. 他的名字从会员名单中划掉了。 We left out the possibility of his coming for the party. 我们没有考虑到他会来参加聚会。

Leave短语
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Leave for 动身去 leave off 停止,不用做、用、穿 leave aside不考虑 leave sb./sth. behind 忘记带,遗落 Leave behind留下;遗留; Leave me alone别管我;不要打扰我;走开

Exercise
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1.There are some common interests that ___(团结,联合)our two countries. unite 2.Canada has ten ______(省,行政区) provinces 3.if we all work together,I think we could ____(实现,达到)our goal. accomplish

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Finish the sentences
1.It is greatly ___ ___ ___that you gave back the money you found. to your credit 2.what can we do to help them to ____ ____ ____ the difficult position. break away from 3.one year ___ ___365 days. consists of

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4.the river__ __ __ two streams at this point. is divided into 5.In coping this paper ,be careful not to ____ ____any word. leave out 6.our happiness ___ ____doing something valuable for society. consists in

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