2006 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 (江苏卷) yinyujs
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节, 满分 45 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a c
hild he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C .whichever D. whenever 答案是 B. 21. --- I think I’all give Bob a ring. --- You _______. You haven’t been in touch with him for ages. A. wills B. may C. have to D. should 22. My most famous relative of all, _______ who really left his mark on America, was Rob Sussex, my great-grandfather... A. One B. the one C. he D. someone 23. --- I don’t suppose the police know who did it. --- Well, surprisingly they do. A man has been arrested and ________ now. A. has been questioned B. is being questioned C. is questioning D. has questioned 24. This new model of car is so expensive that it is _______ the reach of those with average income. A. over B. within C. beyond D. below 25. --- Are you going to have a holiday this year? --- I’d love to. I can’t wait to leave this place _______. A. off B. out C. behind D. over 26. The committee is discussing the problem right now. It will _______ have been solved by the end of next week. A. eagerly B. hopefully C. immediately D. gradually 27. Although medical science __________ control over several dangerous diseases, what worries us is that some of them are returning. A. achieved B. has achieved C. will achieve D. had achieved 28. --- It took me ten years to build up my business, and it almost killed me. --- Well, you know what they say. _________. A. There is no smoke without fire B. Practice makes perfect
C. All roads lead to Rome D. No pains, no gains 29. The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ______ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds. A. who B. that C. as D. which 30. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always ______ the same thing. A. saying B. said C. to say D. having said 31. _______ environmental damage is done, it takes many years for the ecosystem (生态系统) to recover. A. Even if B. If only C. While D. Once 32. --- There is a story here in the paper about a 110-year-old man. --- My goodness! I can’t imagine _________ that old. A. to be B. to have been C. being D. having been 33. I wish you’d do ________ talking and some more work. Thus things will become better. A. a bit less B. any less C. much more D. a little more 34. A poet and artist ________ coming to speak to us about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. A. is B. are C. was D. were 35. We haven’t settled the question of ______ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. where C. whether D. that 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I know I should have told the headmaster at the time. That was my real 36. He had gone out of the study for some 37, leaving me alone. In his absence I looked to see 38 were on his desk. In the 39 was a small piece of paper on which were written the 40 “English Writing Prize 1949. History Is a Serious of Biographies (人物传记)”. A (n) 41 boy would have avoided looking at the title as soon as he saw the 42. I did not. The subject of the English Writing Prize was kept a 43 until the start of the exam so I could not 44 reading it. When the headmaster 45, I was looking out of the window. I should have told him what had 46 then. It would have been so 47 to say: “I’m sorry, but I 48 the title for the English Writing Prize on your desk. You’ll have to 49 it.” The chance passed and I did not 50 it. I sat the exam the next day and I won. I didn’t 51 to cheat, but it was still cheating anyhow. That was thirty-eight years 52 when I was fifteen. I have never told anyone about it before,
53 have I tried to explain to myself why not. The obvious explanation is that I could not admit I had seen the title 54 admitting that I had been looking at the things on his desk. 55 there must have been more behind it. Whatever it was, it has become a good example of how a little mistake can trap (使陷入) you in a more serious moral corner (道德困境). 36. A. plan B. fault C. grade D. luck 37. A. reason B. course C. example D. vacation 38. A. this B. which C. that D. what 39. A. drawer B. corner C. middle D. box 40. A. names B. words C. ideas D. messages 41. A. honest B. handsome C. friendly D. active 42. A. desk B. paper C. book D. drawer 43. A. question B. key C. note D. secret 44. A. help B. consider C. practise D. forget 45. A. disappeared B. stayed C. returned D. went 46. A. existed B. remained C. happened D. continued 47. A. tiring B. easy C. important D. difficult 48. A. saw B. gave C. set D. made 49. A. repeat B. defend C. correct D. change 50. A. take B. have C. lose D. find 51. A. remember B. learn C. mean D. pretend 52. A. past B. ago C. then D. before 53. A. either B. never C. nor D. so 54. A. by B. besides C. through D. without 55. A. But B. Though C. Otherwise D. Therefore 第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题，每题 2 分，满分 40 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The Marches were a happy family. Poverty, hard work, and even the fact that Father March was away with the Union armies could not down the spirits of Meg, Jo, Amy, and Maumee, as the March girls called their mother. The March sisters tried to be good but had their share of faults. Pretty Meg was often displeased with the schoolchildren she taught; boyish Jo was easy to become angry; golden-haired schoolgirl Amy liked to show up; but Beth, who kept the house, loved and gentle always.
The happy days passed and darkness came when a telegram arrived for Mrs. March. “Your husband is very ill,” it said, “come at once.” The girl tried to be brave when their mother left for the front. They waited and prayed. Little Beth got scarlet fever (猩红热) when she was taking care of the sick neighbor. She became very ill but began to recover by the time Maumee was back. When Father came home from the front and at that joyful Christmas dinner they were once more all together. Three years later the March girls had grown into young womanhood. Meg became Mrs. Brooke, and after a few family troubles got used to her new state happily. Jo had found pleasure in her literary efforts. Amy had grown into a young lady with a talent for design and an even greater one for society. But Beth had never fully regained her health, and her family watched her with love and anxiety. Amy was asked to go and stay in Europe with a relative of the Marches. Jo went to New York and became successful in her writing and had the satisfaction of seeing her work published there. But at home the bitterest blow was yet to fall. Beth had known for some time that she couldn’t live much longer to be with the family and in the spring time she died. News came from Europe that Amy and Laurie, the grandson of a wealthy neighbor, had planned to be married soon. Now Jo became ever more successful in her writing and got married to Professor Baer and soon afterwards founded a school for boys. And so the little women had grown up and lived happily with their children, enjoying the harvest of love and goodness that they had devoted all their lives to. 56. The members of the March family were Father March, Mrs. March and their _______. A. Four daughter’s B. five daughters C. son and four daughter’s D. son and five daughters 57. Who was the most successful in career (事业) among the March girls? A. Jo B. Beth C. Amy D. Meg 58. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. The march Family B. The March Parents C. The March Girls D. The March Relatives 59. It can be inferred from the passage that the March family had ______. A. both happiness and sadness B. wealthy neighbors C. more girls than boys D. a lot of rich relatives B The first reality TV show in the world was called Expedition Robinson and it was shown in Sweden in 1997. Half the population of the country watched the final event and a new kind of TV program was born. Two years later in Holland, the first series of Big Brother was filmed. Again, it was a great success and the final program was watched by 15 million people. Now more than 20 countries around the world have Big Brother or Expedition Robinson on their TV screens. The ordinary people who take part in the programs are known by millions of people in
their own countries and reality TV has become big, big business. For the TV producers, reality TV is a dream comes true because many of the programs cost nothing to make. At some point, the television viewers are asked to telephone the program to vote or to apply to take part in the show. It is the cost of these telephone calls that pays for the shows. One of the most popular shows is Pop Idol. In the show a group of attractive young people are made into pop stars. TV viewers vote for their favorite person on the show. The winner makes a record and millions of copies of the record are sold. His or her pictures are published on the covers of magazines or on the front pages of newspapers, and then, they are quickly forgotten. But not everyone is happy about reality TV. In Portugal, two TV channels got into trouble because they showed too much of the personal lives of the people in the shows. In France, reality TV is called “rubbish TV” and the TV studios of Big Brother were attacked three times in one week. In Greece, Big Brother was described as “against human rights and civilization”. 61. Those who take part in the reality TV shows are usually _____. A. common people B. pop TV stars C. attractive people D. famous film stars 62. Who would pay for the cost of the reality TV shows according to the passage? A. TV producers who make reality TV shows B. TV actors who take part in reality TV shows. C. TV viewers who telephone reality TV shows D. TV companies which broadcast reality TV shows 63. It can be concluded from the passage that ______. A. everyone is happy about reality TV. B. reality TV will do well in many countries. C. all the people in Europe are in favor of reality TV D. reality TV will not be broadcast in any countries. C I II The opening ceremony of this famous yearly competition will begin at 11:30 a.m. There will be music groups, rappers and children’s chorus. 12:25 p.m. sees the introduction of the eaters who come from all over the world. At 12:40 p.m. the historic 12-minute all-you-can-eat competition will begin. The world record stands at over 50 hot dogs and buns in 12 minutes. Will anyone beat the record this year? Viewing is available on a first-come-first- served basis. Television crews are invited to use a two-tiered stage three meters from the main stage. The area in front of the main stage is kept for photographers and television Few periods in history are as exciting as the time when the Vikings (北欧海盗) were known --- and sometimes feared --throughout Scandinavia, the British Isles. Russia,all the Mediterranean, Africa and even America. Frojel is a family-based society, which aims to relive and describe the Vikings from a harbor---Frojel , on the Swedish island of Gotland. Frojel was one of the richest trading centers in the Viking world. The members of the society aim to recreate the clothing, weapons, tools, jewellery, games, food and furniture of the long-gone period. They want to enjoy an escape to a simpler , more relaxed time, 5 with like-minded people. They will also use the items they have made to relive that
64. According to Advertisement 1, the famous yearly competition is ______. A. a music competition B. an eating competition C. a cooking competition D. a pleasure-taking competition 65. People who come to watch the competition earliest may _______. A. gets the best watching position B. get the best food. C. watches whatever they want to D. take good pictures 66. The best title for Advertisement 2 would be _______. A. The Vikings B. Reliving of the Vikings C Frobel D. A Viking Reliving Society 67. From the advertisement we know that Frobel used to be ______. A. a Viking club. B. a family-based society C. a European island D. a trading center D In a recently published book, I came across some exercises with interesting names such as fishbone diagrams, lotus flowers and clustering. As I used these exercises in my classes, I noticed that students were interested. They said more and wrote more. They enjoyed expressing their ideas and sharing them in groups. They were no longer passively waiting for the bell, but actively taking part in the lesson. I find that creativity can act as a way to increase participation and improve fluency. Creativity has become a popular word in recent years. Scholars in arts, psychology, business, education and science are all working to get a deeper understanding of it. Robert J. Stemberg is a creativity specialist and Yale professor of psychology. He defines creativity as “the ability to produce work that is both new (original) and appropriate (applicable to the situation)”. This definition is useful, as we want our students to use language in a new way and to use it correctly and properly. Mot scholars say there are two types of creativity: big “C” creativity and small “c” creativity. Big “C” creativity refers to genius level thinking that results in artistic masterpieces and scientific breakthroughs. Small “c” creativity refers to everyday level thinking that can be used in any situation our emphasis is on the latter. While it goes without saying that any of our students could go on to be the next Picasso or Edison, our aim is to help students produce more ideas and use language in a new way. 68. The underlined words “waiting for the bell” in the first paragraph probably means______. A. longing for a phone calls B. hoping to have a bell
C. expecting the end of the class D. waiting to speak in the class 69. It can be inferred from the passage that the author thinks the exercises in the book were _____. A. popular B. useful C. scientific D. creative 70. When you use a familiar word in a new way, you are ________. A creative in the sense of big “C” creativity. B. creative in the sense of small “c” creativity... C. not creative in the sense of big “C” creativity... D. not creative in the sense of small “c” creativity. 71. The main purpose of the passage is to _________. A. show how useful the book is. B, explain what creativity C. discuss how one can be creative D. tell what reaching aims at E A new eight-kilometer road is under construction that links the port area with motorway system. It is expected to carry 20,000 trucks and cars a day, which greatly reduces the overcrowded traffic in the center of the city. As part of the project, two four-kilometer road tunnels are being built below the central area of the city, one for traffic to the north and the other for the traffic to the south. The two tunnels are about 20 meters below the surface and are 12 meters wide, providing for two lanes of traffic in each direction. In the upper part of the tunnel two air-conditioning pipes remove the waste gas of trucks and cars and keep the quality of air inside the tunnel. The lighting is at the top of the tunnel, practically at its highest point. There will also be electric signs at frequent intervals. They show traffic conditions ahead and can be seen clearly by drivers. The wall is made up of four main elements, which include a waterproofing covering and, on the inside of the tunnel, a concrete lining. Each tunnel is roughly round and the lower part of the tunnel is somewhat flat. The surface of the road lies on the base, which is made of concrete and steel. The drainage system, just below the road surface on one side, removes any extra liquid, particularly water. In the event of fire, the fire main, which is made of steel, pipes water to many fire hydrant stations at regular intervals along the length of the tunnel? The fire main is at the side of the tunnel and at the level of the road surface. Other systems in the tunnel will include emergency phones. 72. Each of the tunnels under construction is _____. A. eight kilometers long and twenty meters wide
B. eight kilometers long and six meters wide C. four kilometers long and twenty meters wide D. four kilometers long and six meters wide 73. Which part of the tunnel in the diagram is used to pipe out extra water? A. 1 B. 3 C. 5 D6 74. Driving in the tunnel, one can know the traffic conditions ahead through______. A. the lights B. the electric signs C. the trucks and the cars D. The emergency phones 75. The passage is mainly about _____. A. the construction of a road B. the design of a road C. the construction of two tunnels Dither design of two tunnels 第四部分：写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：对话填空 请认真阅读下列对话，并根据各题所给的首字母的提示，在答题卡右栏中标有题目的横 线上，写出一个英语单词的完整、正确的形式，使对话通顺。 N= Nicola A= Annie N. Hi, Annie. Did you have a good holiday? A: Hoys. I had a great 76 t______. But I’ve to tell you---- the most amazing thing happened. N: 77 R____? What was that? A: Well, I was swimming in the sea and a huge wave came along and 78 k______ my sunglasses into the water. I---N: Why were you swimming in your sunglasses? A: Oh, I don’t know. I’d just 79 I______ them on top of my head. I’d forgotten they were there. Anyway, they were 80 g_____. I was very upset. You know they were quite expensive. N: I remember 81 n_____ 100 pounds. A: Yeah. Anyway, the next day I was lying on the beach, sunbathing. Then suddenly another huge wave ----N. Are you 82 s______ this was a good holiday? A: Yeah--- but listen! When I looked down, there on the sand, 83 r_____ next to me, were my sunglasses. I couldn’t 84 b______ my eyes. N: You’re 85 j______! That is amazing.
76 __________________ 77_________________ 78___________________ 79__________________ 80________________ 81___________________
82__________________ 83_________________ 84________________ 85____________________
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 据报道， 2008 年北京奥运会将选拔约十万志愿者为之服务。 请你以 “Dos and Don’ts for the 2008 Olympic Volunteers”为题，用英语写一篇短文，讨论志愿者应该做什么，不 应该做什么。短文应包括下表中的内容： Dos 1. 待人礼貌、友好 2．坚守岗位 3．介绍中国历史和文化 Don’ts 1．避免不得体的言行 2．不忘履行自己的职责 3．不损害祖国的形象
如果你成为志愿者，你还应该做什么，不应该做什么。 （内容由考生自己拟定） 注意：1。对所给要点，不要简单翻译，要有适当发挥 2．字数 120 左右。短文中已写好了的部分，不计入词数 3．参考词汇：形象—— image Dos and Don’ts for the 2008 Olympic Volunteers It is reported that about 100,000 people will be chosen as volunteers for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. What should the volunteers do and what should they not do? _________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ If I have the honour to be chosen as a volunteer, __________________________________
2006 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 (江苏卷)
第一部分： 1-20: BCAAC CAACA BBABB CABBC 第二部分： 21-35: DBBCC BBDDA DCAAC
36-55: BADCB ABDAC CBADA CBCDA 第三部分： 56-75: AACAA CCBBA DDCDB BDCBD 第四部分： 第一节： 76. Time 77. Really 82. Sure 78. Knocked 83. Right 79. Left 84. Believe 80. Gone 85. Joking
81. Nearly / near 第二节：
It is reported that about 100,000 people will be chosen as volunteers for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. What should the volunteers do and what should they not do? Firstly, they should be polite and friendly to the athletes and visitors from all over the world, and avoid improper behaviour. Secondly, they should stick to their posts, offering good services, satisfying any reasonable needs and being ready to help those in difficulty, and never fail to do their duty. Thirdly, they should introduce the Chinese culture and history to foreigners so that they may know China better and never say or do anything that harms the image of our motherland. If I have the honour to be chosen as a volunteer, besides the above, I will work hard and creatively, but never be lazy. I will follow the law and disciplining, but never break them. I will take the opportunity to make friends with the athletes and visitors, and help make the 2008 Olympic Games a great success.
第 I 卷 (共 115 分)
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is coming for tea? A. John. B. Mark. 2. What will the man do next? A. Leave right away. B. Stay for dinner. 3. What does the man come for? A. A lecture. B. A meeting. 4. What size does the man want? A. 9. B. 35. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. Life in Southeast Asia. B. Weather condition. C. Tracy. C. Catch a train. C. A party. C. 39. C. A holiday tour.
第二节 （共 15 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读 各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读 两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What is the man doing? A. Giving a speech. B. Chairing a meeting. 7. Why does the woman sing so well? A. She has a great teacher. B. She teaches singing. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What is the second gift for Jimmy? A. A car. B. A watch. 9. Why does Jimmy feel happy? A. He lives with his parents. C. He’s received lots of presents. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 C. Introducing a person. C. She is young.
C. A computer. B. He’s got what he dreamt of.
10. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. They are friends. B. They are strangers to each other. C. They are husband and wife. 11. Why does the woman come to talk with the man? A. To get a job. B. To take a test. C. To see the secretary. 12. What does the man mean by saying sorry? A. He can’t hear the woman clearly. B. He doesn’t need a designer. C. He can’t help the woman. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What do we know about the woman? A. She lives close to the office. B. She is new to the company. C. She likes the big kitchen. 14. How does the man go to work? A. On foot. B. By bus. C. By car. 15. Why was Susan late for work? A. She missed the bus. B. Her train was late. C. Her car broke down. 16. What will the man do the next day? A. Go to work by train. B. Visit Lily in her flat. C. Leave home earlier. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where can you most probably hear this talk? A. In a class of the English language. B. In a class of the Greek language. C. In a class of the French language. 18. How long does the class last? A. 11 weeks. B. 13 weeks. C. 15 weeks. 19. What is “the short-cut” to learning words according to the speaker? A. Taking more courses. B. Reading basic words aloud. C. Learning how words are formed. 20. Why is the class popular? A. It is not offered each term. B. It’s taught by Professor Morris. C. It helps to master some useful rules.
满分 45 分）
第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
21. We have every reason to believe that ______ 2008 Beijing Olympic Games will be ______ success. A. / … a B. the … / C. the … a D. a … a 22. --- She looks very happy. She ______ have passed the exam. --- I guess so. It’s not difficult after all.
A. should B. could C. must D. might 23. At the end of the meeting, it was announced that an agreement ______. A. has been reached B. had been reached C. has reached D. had reached 24. --- Have you ______ some new ideas? --- Yeah. I’ll tell you later. A. come about B. come into C. come up with D. come out with 25. Choosing the right dictionary depends on ______ you want to use it for. A. what B. why C. how D. whether 26. You may not have played very well today, but at least you’ve got through to the next round and ______. A. tomorrow never comes B. tomorrow is another day C. never put off till tomorrow D. there is no tomorrow 27. --- ______ you ______ him around the museum yet? --- Yes. We had a great time there. A. Have … shown B. Do … show C. Had … shown D. Did … show 28. --- Can I smoke here? --- Sorry. We don’t allow ______ here. A. people smoking B. people smoke C. to smoke D. smoking 29. With April 18’s railway speedup, highway and air transport will have to compete with ______ service for passengers. A. good B. better C. best D. the best 30. He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his lectures. A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. to interest 31. --- My room gets very cold at night. --- ___________. A. So is mining B. So mine is C. So does mine D. So mine does 32. --- “Could we put off the meeting?” she asked. --- “_________.” He answered politely. “This is the only day everyone is available.” A. Not likely B. Not exactly C. Not nearly D. Not really 33. He was educated at the local high school, ______ he went on to Beijing University. A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that 34. --- Do you think that housing price will keep ______ in the years to come? --- Sorry, I have no idea. A. lifting up B. going up C. bringing up D. growing up 35. My parents have always made me ______ about myself, even when I was twelve. A. feeling well B. feeling good C. feel well D. feels good
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
Carolyn Straddle is the founder of C&S Paving Inc. (铺路公司) in Atlanta, USA. In the following account, she recalls the job that challenged her 36 and skill but left her flying high. “When the Atlanta Airport was under 37 in 1979, we were a new company struggling to make it. National Car Rental wanted to have 2,500 square meters of dirt paved 38 the cars could be on site 39 the airport opened, and the official opening was only ten days away! 40 other local paving companies wanted to do the job, 41 it couldn’t be done in such a short time. “Because we were new and really needed the work, we were 42 to try harder. We gave National Car Rental our offer and 43 our best effort to get the job finished within ten days. We also 44 them that if we failed, they would be no worse off, 45 they had plenty to gain if we succeeded. “We got the job and immediately went into 46. Working at night needed lights, so I rented a machine to produce electricity for the site. Our 47 challenge was to keep the rock mixture 48 enough. All the available water wagons (洒水车) were rented out for the airport construction, and we certainly couldn’t afford to buy a new one. 49 , I got a special 50 to rent fire engine hoses (消防水龙带) and connect them to nearby hydrants (消防栓); then I 51 held one of those hoses to 52 down the rock. “Those ten days were filled with challenges that 53 one creative idea after another. Nine days later, the night before the airport opened, National Car Rental was the 54 company that had cars on the parking lot. “The key to our success was having the 55 to take on any job and then being creative in our approach to getting it done.” 36. A. kindness B. patience C. imagination D. experience 37. A. construction B. repair C. control D. development 38. A. after B. as C. for D. so 39. A. while B. since C. where D. when 40. A. Some B. Any C. No D. Every 41. A. stating B. reporting C. telling D. warning 42. A. able B. nervous C. afraid D. willing 43. A. supported B. promised C. continued D. improved 44. A. asked B. surprised C. reminded D. demanded 45. A. though B. but C. as D. unless 46. A. discussion B. action C. practice D. production 47. A. next B. first C. past D. previous 48. A. cold B. wet C. loose D. clean 49. A. Naturally B. Obviously C. Meanwhile D. Instead 50. A. excuse B. order C. permit D. reason
51. A. exactly 52. A. pull 53. A. required 54. A. best 55. A. courage
B. personally B. knock B. mixed B. last B. interest
C. angrily C. hit C. followed C. second C. hope
D. hardly D. water D. formed D. only D. chance
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题，每题 2 分，满分 40 分）
Su Hue is studying at Cambridge, UK. She has bought a bicycle and is worried about security (安全). Her friend, Kate, found this article and sent it to her. Introduction A lot of crime is against bicycles. About 150,000 bicycles are stolen every year and most are never found. You can prevent this happening by following a few careful steps. Basic Security Do not leave your bicycle in out-of-the-way places. Always lock your bicycle when you leave. Secure it to lampposts or trees. Take off smaller parts and take them with you, for example lights and saddles (车座). Locks Get a good lock. There are many different types in the shops. Buy one that has been tested against attack. Ask for a recommendation from a bike shop. Marking Security marking your bike can act a deterrent to a thief. It can also help the police find your bicycle. It should be clearly written and include your postcode and your house or flat number. This will provide a simple way to identify your bicycle. Registration There are a number of companies who will security mark your bicycle for you. They will then put your registration number and personal details on their computer database. Then if your bicycle is found it will be easy to contact you. Finally Keep a record of the bicycle yourself: its make, model and registration number. You can even take a photograph of it. This will prove the bicycle belongs to you. 56. Which part of the text gives you information on how to lock up your bicycle when you leave it? A. Locks. B. Marking. C. Registration. D. Basic Security. 57. The underlined phrase “act as a deterrent to a thief” means ______. A. helps you recognize your bike
B. help the police find your bicycle C. stops someone stealing your bicycle D. stops you worrying about your bike 58. The article advises you to keep a record of your bicycle _______. A. in the bike shop and your computer B. in the police station and a security company C. in a security company and your university D. by yourself and in a security company 59. The main purpose of this article is _________. A. to tell you what to do if your bicycle is stolen B. to suggest ways of keeping your bicycle safe C. to give you advice on where to buy a good lock D. to say why you shouldn’t keep your bicycle in a quiet place
Professor Barry Wellman of the University of Toronto in Canada has invented a term to describe the way many North Americans interact (互动) these days. The term is “networked individualism”. This concept is not easy to understand because the words seem to have opposite meanings. How can we be individuals (个体) and be networked at the same time? You need other people for networks. Here is what Professor Wellman means. Before the invention of the Internet and e-mail, our social networks included live interactions with relatives, neighbors, and friends. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time. A recent research study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project showed that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced this person-to- person interaction. However, a lot of people interviewed for the Pew study say that’s a good thing. Why? In the past, many people were worried that the Internet isolated (孤立) us and caused us to spend too much time in the imaginary world of the computer. But the Pew study discovered that the opposite is true. The Internet connects us with more real people than expected — helpful people who can give advice on careers, medical problems, raising children, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told Pew that the Internet plays an important role in helping them make major life decisions. Thanks to the computer, we are able to be alone and together with other people — at the same time! 60. The underlined phrase “networked individualism” probably means that by using computers people ________. A. stick to their own ways no matter what other people say B. has the rights and freedom to do things of their own interest
C. does things in their own ways and express opinions different from other people D. is able to keep to them but at the same time reach out to other people 61. According to the Pew study, what do many people rely on to make major life decisions? A. Networks. B. Friends. C. Phones. D. Parents. 62. It can be inferred from the Pew study that _______. A. people have been separated from each other by using computers B. the Internet makes people waste a lot of time and feel very lonely C. the Internet has become a tool for a new kind of social communication D. a lot of people regards the person-to-person communication as a good thing 63. Which would be the best title for this passage? A. We’re Alone on the Internet. B. We’re Communicating on the Internet. C. We’re Alone Together on the Internet. D. We’re in the Imaginary World of the Internet.
Experience the newly opened Grand Canyon (大峡谷) West Skywalk in Colorado. Departing from Grand Canyon’s South Rim by Airplane to Grand Canyon’s West Rim, you will land and take a ground tour to the Skywalk! Walk on air for 70 feet over the edge of Grand Canyon West. This Skywalk has been open since March 28, 2007. Daily visitor ship to the Skywalk has been over 4,000 people. Please be patient to enjoy your moment on the Skywalk. After you have experienced the one and only Grand Canyon Skywalk Glass Bridge, you will return to the Grand Canyon West Airport and take your Airplane for a flight back to the South Rim of the Canyon. This is a tour never to be forgotten as you will have walked on air over the Grand Canyon. Tour Itinerary (行程) Tour Duration 5.7 Hours The Grand Canyon Adventure Skywalk
Flight from Grand Canyon South Rim to Grand Canyon West Light Lunch at Guano Point at Grand Canyon West
Experience a bird’s-eye view of the Grand Canyon as you make your way to Grand Canyon West. You’ll be taken by bus to Guano Point with breathtaking views of the western part of the Grand Canyon where the Colorado River makes its way into Lake Mood. Every table for lunch has a view. Finally you’ll board your bus to Eagle Point, home of the Grand Canyon Skywalk. Now it is time for you to walk on air for 70 feet over the Grand Canyon. After time on the Skywalk, you’ll return to the Grand Canyon West Airport and return to Grand Canyon South Rim in time for dinner and sunset.
Walk on the World Famous Skywalk
Flight Back to Grand Canyon South Rim
64. This advertisement is for __________. A. Grand Canyon West B. Grand Canyon South C. Grand Canyon D. the Skywalk 65. The package fee does NOT cover the cost of _______.
66. The Grand Canyon Skywalk Bridge is made of glass because ______. A. it looks stranger B. it is cheaper to build C. it looks more beautiful D. it gives you a better view 67. According to the Tour Itinerary, the route is ______. A. South Rim→Guano Point→West Airport→Eagle Point→West Airport→South Rim B. South Rim→West Airport→Guano Point→Eagle Point→West Airport→South Rim C. South Rim→West Airport→Eagle Point→Guano Point→West Airport→South Rim D. South Rim→West Airport→Eagle Point→West Airport→Guano Point→South Rim
? ? ? Some scientists claim that we humans are the only living things that are conscious (有意识的) — we alone are aware that we are thinking. No one knows how consciousness works — it is one of science’s last great mysteries. All your thoughts take place in the cerebrum (大脑皮质), which is at the top of
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
your brain, and different kinds of thought are linked to different areas, called association areas. Each half of the cerebrum has four rounded ends called lobes (脑叶) — two at the front (frontal and temporal lobes) and two at the back (occipital and parietal lobes). The frontal lobe is linked to your personality and it is where you have your bright ideas. The temporal lobe is where you hear and understand what people say to you. The occipital lobe is where you work out what your eyes see. The parietal lobe is where you record touch, heat and cold, and pain. The left half of the brain controls the right side of the body. The right half controls the left side. One half of the brain is always dominant (in charge). Usually, the left brain is dominant, which is why 90% of people are right-handed.
68. Which part of your cerebrum is most active when you are making a telephone call? A. The frontal lobe. B. The temporal lobe. C. The occipital lobe. D. The parietal lobe. 69. Which of the following statements is true? A. One’s personality has something to do with the frontal lobe. B. Bright ideas come from the parietal lobe. C. The occipital and temporal lobes are at the back of the cerebrum. D. The occipital lobe is in charge of sound. 70. From the passage, we know the reason why around 10% of people are left-handed is that ________. A. their frontal lobe is usually dominant B. their temporal lobe is usually dominant C. their right brain is usually dominant D. their left brain is usually dominant
Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mom was one of those people. My father died when I was nine months old, making my mom a single mother at the age of eighteen. While I was growing up, we lived a very hard life. We had little money, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Each night, she sat me on her lap and spoke the words that would change my life, “Emmons, you are certain to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it.” At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said I would never walk again. Every day, my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me that no matter what those doctors said, I
could walk again if I wanted to badly enough. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I returned to school — walking on my own! When the Great Depression (大萧条) hit, my mom lost her job. Then I left school to support the both of us. At that moment, I was determined never to be poor again. Over the years, I experienced various levels of business success. But the real turning point occurred on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was angry that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for the average American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel (汽车旅馆) for families that would never charge extra for children. There were plenty of doubters at that time. Not surprisingly, mom was one of my strongest supporters. She worked behind the desk and even designed the room style. As in any business, we experienced a lot of challenges. But with my mother’s words deeply rooted in my soul, I never doubted we would succeed. Fifteen years later, we had the largest hotel system in the world — Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $ 1 billion a year. You may not have started out life in the best situation. But if you can find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you. 71. What Emmons’ mom often told him during his childhood was ______. A. caring B. moving C. encouraging D. interesting 72. According to the author, who played the most important role in making him walk back to school again? A. Doctors. B. Nurses. C. Friends. D. Mom. 73. What caused Emmons to start a motel by himself? A. His terrible experience in the hotel. B. His previous business success of various levels. C. His mom’s support. D. His wife’s suggestion. 74. Which of the following best describes Emmons’ mother? A. Modest, helpful, and hard-working. B. Loving, supportive and strong-willed. C. Careful, helpful and beautiful. D. Strict, sensitive and supportive. 75. Which of the following led to Emmons’ success according to the passage? A. Self-confidence, hard work, higher education and a poor family. B. Mom’s encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. C. Clear goals, mom’s encouragement, a poor family and higher education. D. Mom’s encouragement, a poor family, higher education and opportunities.
（计 35 分）
（共两节，满分 35 分）
请认真阅读下列对话，并根据各题所给的首字母的提示，在答题卡右栏中标有题目的横 线上，写出一个英语单词的完整、正确的形式，使对话通顺。 D = David P = Peter
D: Peter, ten years ago yo uwanted to be a doctor ... P: Yeah, but unfortunately I didn’t (76) m Requirements. D: So what did you do then? P: Well, I was very (77) d , but I just had to move 77. _______________ the 76. _______________
On and do something else with my life. So I took a year off and worked as a volunteer on an aid program. That made me realize (78) h raise money to help people (79) l So that’s what I do. D: Can you explain a bit more about what you (80) a do? P: I go to see people, put (81) f our suggestion 81. _______________ 80. _______________ important it is to a poor life. 78. _______________ 79. _______________
And organize activities to collect money. D: So have you (82) an any of your goals? 82. _______________
P: Well, I guess so. I always said I wanted to help (83) O people. ? 83. _______________ 84. _______________
D: And what about your plan for the (84) f
P: My girlfriend and I intend to get married next year. D: (85) C ! 85. ________________
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
2007 年 4 月 29 日上午 10 点到 11 点，全国亿万学生阳光体育活动在各地大中小学校 同时进行，江苏省 1，100 万学生积极参与了这项活动。 教育部倡导学生： ? ? ? 每天锻炼一小时 健康工作五十年 幸福生活一辈子
请你根据以上提示，用英语准备一份发言稿，向同学们讲述一下阳光体育活动的有关 情况，并就高三学生是否需要每天花一小时锻炼，谈谈你的看法及理由。 注意： 1、 发言稿应包括以上所有信息，要有适当发挥。 2、 词数：120 左右。发言稿的开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 3、 参考词汇：阳光体育活动——a national student sports program; 教育部——the Ministry of Education Good afternoon, everyone,
____________________________________________________________________ Thank you!
第一部分 1．B 2．A 3．B 4．A 5．C 6．C 7．A 8．C 9．B 10．B 11．A 12．C 13．A 14．B 15．B 16．C 17．A 18．B 19．C 20．C 第二部分 21．C 22．C 31．C 32．D 41．A 42．D 51．B 52．D
23．B 33．A 43．B 53．A
24．C 34．B 44．C 54．D
25．A 26．B 27．A 28．D 29．B 30．A 35．D 36．C 37．A 38．D 39．D 40．C 45．B 46．B 47．A 48．B 49．D 50．C 55．A
第三部分 56．D 57．C 58．D 66．D 67．B 68．B 第四部分 第一节 76. Meet 78. How
60．D 61．A 62．C 63．C 64．D 65．A 70．C 71．C 72．D 73．A 74．B 75．B
77. Disappointed / discouraged / depressed 79. Living / leading 82. Achieved 85. Congratulations 80. Actually 83. Other
81. Forward / forth 84. Future 第二节 作文：
Good afternoon, everyone. On the morning of April 29, 2007, from 10:00 to 11:00, hundreds of millions of students from primary, middle schools and universities all over China joined in a national student sports program. Eleven million students in Jiangsu took an active part in this program. The Ministry of Education calls on students to exercise for an hour every day, in the hope that they will have good health to work fifty years and enjoy the whole life. Personally, I think it a good idea for us senior 3 students to have daily exercise. Although we take an hour a day for exercise, it is well worth it. Taking exercise helps us build up our body
and keep a clear mind. Therefore, we can work more efficiently. Thank you! (125 词)
2008 年普通高等学校夏季招生考试英语 （江苏卷）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡。 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A. ￡ 19.15. 答案是 B。 1. What is the weather like? A. It’s raining. B. It’s cloudy. C. It’s sunny. B. ￡ 9.15. C. ￡ 9.18.
2. Who will go to China next month? A. Lucy. B. Alice. C. Richard.
3. What are the speakers talking about? A. The man’s sister. B. A film. C. An actor.
4. Where will the speakers meet? A. In Room 340. B. In Room 314. C. In Room 223.
5. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a restaurant. B. In an office. C. At home.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前后，你将有时间 阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独 白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Why did the woman go to New York? A. To spend some time with the baby. B. To look after her sister. C. To find a new job. 7. How old was the baby when the woman left New York? A. Two months. B. Five months. C. Seven months. 8. What did the woman like doing most with the baby? A. Holding him. B. Playing with him. C. Feeding him. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. What are the speakers talking about? A. A way to improve air quality. B. A problem with traffic rules. C. A suggestion for city planning. 10. What does the man suggest? A. Limiting the use of cars. B. Encouraging people to talk. C. Warning drivers of air pollution. 11. What does the woman think about the man’s idea? A. It’s interesting. B. It’s worth trying. C. It’s impractical. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. How long will the man probably stay in New Zealand? A. One week. B. Two weeks. C. Three weeks. 13. What advice does the woman give to the man? A. Go to New Zealand after Christmas. B. Book his flight as soon as possible. C. Save more money for his trip. 14. What can we learn about flights to New Zealand at Christmas time? A. They require early booking. B. They can be twice as expensive. C. They are on special offer.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Why did Jane call Mike? A. To ask him to meet her. B. To tell him about Tom. C. To borrow his car. 16. Where will Jane be in about one hour? A. at Mike’s place. B. At the airport. C. At a garage. 17. What can we infer from the conversation? A. Jane has just learned to drive. B. Jane’s car is in bad condition. C. Mike will go to the airport. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What did the speaker ask the students to do the week before? A. Write a short story. B. Prepare for the lesson. C. Learn more about the writer. 19. Why does the speaker ask the questions? A. To check the students’ understanding of the story. B. To draw the students’ attention to reading skills. C. To let the students discuss father-son relationships. 20. What will the students do in 10 minutes? A. Ask more questions. B. Discuss in groups. C. Give their answers. 第二部分：英语语言知识运用（共三节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child ______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B。 21. We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead of driving across ______ continent. A. the; the B.不填；the C. the; 不填 D. 不填；不填 22. —do you mind if I record your lecture? —______. Go ahead. A. Never mind B. No way C. Not at all D. No. You’d better not 23. —is Peter there? —______, please. I’ll see if I can find him for you. A. Hold up B. Hold on C. Hold out D. Hold off
24. The Science Museum, ______ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions. A. which B. what C. that D. where 25. —I can’t repair these until tomorrow, I’m afraid. —That’s OK, there’s ______. A. no problem B. no wonder C. no doubt D. no hurry 26. —it shouldn’t take long to clear up after the party if we all volunteer to help. —That’s right. A. any hands make light work B. Something is better than nothing C. The more the merrier D. The sooner begun, the sooner done 27. It is often said that the joy of traveling is ______ in arriving at your destination ______ in the journey itself. A. 不填；but B. 不填；or C. not; or D. not; but 28. —why do you suggest we buy a new machine? —Because the old one has been damaged ______. A. beyond reach B. beyond repair C. beyond control D. beyond description 29. —they are quiet, aren’t they? —Yes. They are accustomed ______ at meals. A. to talk B. to not talk C. to talking D. to not talking 30. It is ______ to spend money on preventing illnesses by promoting healthy living rather than spending it trying to make people ______ after they are ill. A. good; good B. well; better C. better; better D. better; good 31. —I’m still working on my project. —Oh, you’ll miss the deadline. Time is ______. A. running out B. going out C. giving out D. losing out 32. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. unless; you will 33. —I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. —I think so. He ______ for it for months. A. is preparing B. was preparing C. had been preparing D. has been preparing 34. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ______ as much as we can. A. speaks. B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak
35. —I’m sorry. I ______ at you the other day. —Forget it. I was a bit out of control myself. A. shouldn’t shout B. shouldn’t have shouted C. mustn’t shout C. mustn’t have shouted 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Evelyn Genie was the first lady of solo percussion in Scotland. In an interview, she recalled how she became a percussion soloist(打击乐器独奏演员) in spite of her disability. “Early on I decided not to allow the 36 of others to stop me from becoming a musician. I grew up on a farm in northeast Scotland and began 37 piano lessons when I was eight. The older I got, the more my passion(酷爱) for music grew. But I also began to gradually lose my 38. Doctors concluded that the nerve damage was the 39 and by age twelve, I was completely deaf. But my love for music never 40 me.” “My 41 was to become a percussion soloist, even though there were none at that time. To perform, I 42 to ‘hear’ music differently from others. I play in my stocking feet and can 43 the pitch of a note(音调高低) by the vibrations(振动) I feel through my body and through my 44 . My entire sound world exists by making use of almost every 45 that I have.” “I was 46 to be assessed as a musician, not as a deaf musician, and I applied to the famous Royal Academy of Music in London. No other deaf student had 47 this before and some teachers 48 my admission. Based on my performance, I was 49 admitted and went on to 50 with the academy’s highest honors.” “After that, I established myself as the first full-time solo percussionist. I 51 and arranged a lot of musical compositions since 52 had been written specially for solo percussionists.” “I have been a soloist for over ten years. 53 the doctor thought I was totally deaf; it didn’t 54 that my passion couldn’t be realized. I would encourage people not to allow them to be 55 by others. Follow your passion; follow your heart. They will lead you to the place you want to go.” 36. A. conditions B. opinions C. actions D. recommendations 37. A. enjoying B. choosing C. taking D. giving 38. A. sight B. hearing C. touch D. taste 39. A. evidence B. result C. excuse D. cause 40. A. left B. excited C. accompanied D. disappointed
41. A. purpose B. decision C. promise D. goal 42. A. turned B. learned C. used D. ought 43. A. tell B. see C. hear D. smell 44. A. carefulness B. movement C. imagination D. experience 45. A. sense B. effort C. feeling D. idea 46. A. dissatisfied B. astonished C. determined D. discouraged 47. A. done B. accepted C. advised D. admitted 48. A. supported B. followed C. required D. opposed 49. A. usually B. finally C. possibly D. hopefully 50. A. study B. research C. graduate D. progress 51. A. wrote B. translated C. copied D. read 52. A. enough B. some C. many D. few 53. A. However B. Although C. When D. Since 54. A. mean B. seem C. conclude D. say 55. A. directed B. guided C. taught D. limited 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A What time is it? Most people are pretty accurate in their answer. And if you don’t know for sure, it’s very likely that you can find out. There may be a watch on your wrist; there may be a clock on the wall, desk, or computer screen; or maybe you’re riding in a car that has a clock in the dashboard(仪表板). Even if you don’t have a timepiece of some sort nearby, your body keeps its own beat. Humans have an internal clock that regulates(调节) the beating of our heart, the pace of our breathing, the discharge(排出) of chemicals within our bloodstream, and many other bodily functions. Time is something from which we can’t escape. Even if we ignore it, it’s still going by, ticking away, second by second, minute by minute, hour by hour. So the main issue in using your time well is, “Who’s in charge?” We can allow time to slip by and let it be our enemy. Or we can take control of it and make it our ally. By taking control of how you spend your time, you’ll increase your chances of becoming a more successful student. Perhaps more importantly, the better you are at managing the time you devote to your studies, the more time you will have to spend on your outside interests.
The aim of time management is not to schedule every moment so we become slaves of a timetable that governs every waking moment of the day. Instead, the aim is to permit us to make informed choices as to how we use our time. Rather than letting the day go by, largely without our awareness, what we are going to discuss next can make us better able to control time for our own purposes. 56. The underlined word “ally” in Para. 3 most likely mean somebody or something that is ______. A. your slave and serves you B. your supporter and helps you B. under your control and obeys you D. under your influence and follows you 57. The author intends to tell us that time ______. A. could be regulated by a timepiece such as a clock or a watch B. could be managed by the internal clock of human bodies C. should be well managed for our own interest D. should be saved for outside interests 58. In the next part, the author would most probably discuss with you ______. A. how to keep up with the times B. how to make up for lost time C. how to have a good time D. how to make good use of time B We experience different forms of the Sun’s energy every day. We can see its light and feel its warmth. The Sun is the major source of energy for our planet. It causes the evaporation(蒸发) of water from the oceans and lakes. Sunlight also provides the energy used by green plants to make their own food. These green plants then provide food for all organisms(生物) on the Earth. Much of the energy that comes from the Sun never reaches the Earth’s surface. It is either reflected or absorbed by the gases in the upper atmosphere. Of the energy that reaches the lower atmosphere, 30% is reflected by clouds or the Earth’s surface. The remaining 70% warms the surface of the planet, causes water to evaporate, and provides energy for the water cycle and weather. Only a tiny part, approximately 0.023%, is actually used by green plants to produce food. Many gases found in the atmosphere actually reflect heat energy escaping from the Earth’s surface back to the Earth. These gases act like the glass of a greenhouse in that they allow energy from the Sun to enter but prevent energy from leaving. They are therefore called greenhouse gases. When sunlight strikes an object, some of the energy is absorbed and some is reflected. The amount reflected depends on the surface. For example, you’ve probably noticed how bright snow is when sunlight falls on it. Snow reflects most of the energy from the Sun, so it contributes to the low temperatures of winter.
Dark-colored surfaces, such as dark soil or forest, absorb more energy and help warm the surrounding air. 59. According to the passage, the root cause for weather changes on the Earth is ______. A. the atmosphere surrounding the Earth B. water from oceans and lakes C. energy from the Sun D. greenhouse gases in the sky 60. Only a small part of the Sun’s energy reaches the Earth’s surface because most of it is ______. A. absorbed by the clouds in the lower atmosphere B. reflected by the gases in the upper atmosphere C. lost in the upper and lower atmosphere D. used to evaporate water from the oceans and lakes 61. We learn from the passage that ______. A. all living things on the Earth depend on the Sun for their food B. a forest looks dark in winter because it absorbs solar energy C. only 0.023% of the energy from the Sun is made use of on the Earth D. greenhouse gases allow heat energy to escape from the Earth’s surface C Gallery Policies for Visitors to National Gallery of Art, Washington Vis itors must present all carried items for inspect ion upon entry. After inspect ion, all bags, backpac ks, umbrell For the safety of the artworks and other visitor. Nothing may be carried on a visitor’s back, Soft front baby carriers are allowed, but children may not be
as, parcels , and other things as determi ned by securit y officer s must be left at the checkro oms. Free of charge, close to each entranc e. All oversiz ed bags. Backpac ks and luggage must be left at the checkro oms near th the 4 Street entranc e of either the East
carried on shoulders or in a child carrier worn on the back. Pushchairs are available free of charge near each checkroom. Smokin g is prohibited . Food and drink are not permitted outside the food service areas. Unopened bottled water may be carried only in a visitor’s bag. Cell phones may not be used in the galleries. Animal s, other
or West Buildin g. These items will have to be x-rayed before being accepte d. Items of value, such as laptop compute rs, cameras , and fur coats, may not be left in the checkro oms but may be carried into the galleri es. We regret that we do not have enough
than service animals, are not permitted in the Gallery. Skateb oarding is prohibited . Pictur e-taking (including video) for personal use is permitted except in special exhibition s and where specifical ly prohibited . Tripods( 三 脚 架 ) are not allowed. Please do not touch the works of art.
space for visitor items larger than 17 × 26 inches into the Gallery or its checkro oms. Add itional securit y procedu res and checks may be taken accordi ng to the decisio n of the Gallery . 62. When people come to visit the Gallery, they should ______. A. leaves all their carried items at the checkrooms B. has all their carried items x-rayed at the entrance C. takes all their carried items with them without inspection D. has all their carried items inspected at the entrance 63. What does the Gallery feel sorry for? A. Visitors have to keep their valuable items in the checkrooms. B. The size of visitor items allowed into the Gallery is limited. C. It cannot keep oversized visitor items due to limited space.
D. Visitor items over 17×26 inches must go through additional checks. 64. Parents with small children visiting the Gallery ______. A. can carry their children in soft front child carriers. B. can carry their children on their shoulders C. can carry their children in child carriers worn on the back D. ought to pay if they want to use pushchairs for their children 65. Visiting photographers should make sure that ______. A. pictures and videos are allowed for personal use anywhere in the Gallery B. pictures and videos can be taken in some places for personal use C. picture-taking and videoing are totally forbidden in the Gallery D. tripods are allowed except in some special exhibitions D It had been some time since Jack had seen the old man. College, career, and life itself got in the way. In fact, Jack moved clear across the country in pursuit of his dreams. There, in the rush of his busy life, Jack had little time to think about the past and often no time to spend with his wife and son. He was working on his future, and nothing could stop him. Over the phone, his mother told him, “Mr. Belter died last night. The funeral is Wednesday.” Memories flashed through his mind like an old newsreel as he sat quietly remembering his childhood days. “Jack, did you her me?” “Oh, sorry, Mom. Yes, I heard you. It’s been so long since I thought of him. I’m sorry, but I honestly thought he died years ago,” Jack said. “Well, he didn’t forget you. Every time I saw him he’d ask how you were doing. He’d reminisce(回忆) about the many days you spent over ‘his side of the fence’ as he put it,” Mom told him. “I told that old house he lived in,” Jack said. “You know, Jack, after your father died, Mr. Belter stepped in to make sure you had a man’s influence in your life,” she said. “He’s the one who taught me carpentry. I wouldn’t be in this business if it weren’t for him. He spent a lot of time teaching me things he thought were important? Mom, I’ll be there for the funeral,” Jack said. Busy as he was, he kept his word. Jack caught the next flight to his hometown. Mr. Belter’s funeral was small and uneventful. He had no children of his own, and most of his relatives had passed away. The night before the had to return home, Jack and his Mom stopped by to see the old house next door one more time, which was exactly as he remembered. Every step held memories. Every picture, every piece of furniture? Jack stopped
suddenly. “What’s wrong, Jack?” his Mom asked. “The box is gone,” he said. “What box?” Mom asked. “There was a small gold box that he kept locked on top of his desk. I must have asked him a thousand times what was inside. All he’d ever tell me was ‘the thing I value most’,” Jack said. It was gone. Everything about the house was exactly how Jack remembered it, except for the box; He figured someone from the Belter family had taken it. “Now, I’ll never know what was so valuable to him,” Jack said sadly. Returning to his office the next day, he found a package on his desk. The return address caught his attention. “Mr. Harold Belter” it read. Jack tore open the package. There inside was the gold box and an envelope. Jack’s hands shook as he read the note inside. “Upon my death, please forward this box and its contents to Jack Bennett. It’s the thing I valued most in my life.” A small key was taped to the letter. His heart racing, and tears filling his eyes, Jack carefully unlocked the box. There inside he found a beautiful gold pocket watch. Running his fingers slowly over the fine cover, he opened it. Inside he found these words carved: “Jack Thanks for your time! Harold Belter.” “Oh, My God! This is the thing he valued most?” Jack held the watch for a few minutes, then called his assistant and cleared his appointments for the next two days. “Why?” his assistant asked. 66. Why did Jack think Mr. Belter died years ago? A. College and career prevented him from remembering Mr. Blazer. B. Jack was too busy with his business and family to think about Mr. Belter. C. Jack was too busy realizing his dreams to think about Mr. Belter. D. His present busy life washed away his childhood memories. 67. Jack’s mother told him on the phone about Mr. Belter EXCEPT that ______. A. Mr. Belter often asked how Jack was doing B. Mr. Belter’s funeral would take place on Wednesday C. Mr. Belter had asked for Jack’s mailing address D. Mr. Belter had pleasant memories of their time together 68. Why did Belter send Jack his gold watch? A. Because he was grateful for Jack’s time with him. B. Because he had no children or relatives.
C. Because he thought he had to keep his word. D. Because Jack had always wanted it during his childhood. 69. Why did Jack say he needed some time to spend with his son? A. He was very tired of his work and wanted to have a good rest. B. He had promised to spare more time to stay with his son. C. He had missed his son and his family for days. D. He came to realize the importance of the time with his family. 70. Which of the following is the most suitable title for this passage? A. The Good Old Times B. What He Valued Most C. An Old Gold Watch D. The Lost Childhood Days 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。 注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym. Scientific investigations(调查) are almost always carried out by teams of people working together. Ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other investigators. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone. Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience. What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual support and trust often make a great difference. Activities like investigations are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when, why and what to do take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members. When there is research to be done, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. You are encouraged to keep records
of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly. A format for exchanging information (e.g., photocopies of notes, oral discussion, etc.) is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision and take a position on an issue, allow for the contributions of each member of the group. Most important of all, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement. After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges. Title Theme Working Together Effective performan ce needs highly cooperate d (71) ?▲ . ·Keep an open mind to everyone ’s (72) ?▲ . · Divide the group task among group members. · (73) ?▲ and trust each other. · Underst and and agree to
the (75) ? ▲ task of one’s own. · Take turns doing various tasks. · Show concern for others to ensure safety. · Take (76) ?▲ for one’s own learning. · Compare your own observati ons with those of others. Explore an issue · Break the (77) ? ▲ into several areas. · Keep records of the sources
just in (78) ? ▲ . ·(79) ? ▲ your informati on with others via proper format. ·Make all decisions by compromis e and agreement . (80) ?▲ Effective ness · Analyze the strengths and weaknesse s. ·Find out the opportuni ties and challenge s.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 实现有效的沟通，建立良好的人际关系，不仅要善于言表、更要学会倾听。请你根据 下表中所提供的信息，写一篇题为“Being a Good Listener”的英文演讲稿。 为 何 倾 听 表示尊重，增进理解，建立 良好的人际关系
家 长 倾 听 孩 子
理 解 孩 子 ， 消 除 代 沟 ， ? ? 了 解 学 生 ， 满 足 需 求 ， ? ? 增 进 友 谊 ， 互 帮 互 学 ， ? ?
谁 来 倾 听
老 师 倾 听 学 生
同 学 相 互 倾 听
（请 考生联系自己 拟定内 容，列举两至三点。 ）
倾 听 注意： 1. 对所给要点，逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2. 词数 150 左右。开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 3. 演讲稿中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”. _____________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Thank you for your listening! 英语试题参考答案 第一部分 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. A 11. C 12. C 13. B 14. B 15. C 16. A 17. B 18. B 19. A 20.C 第二部分 21. B 22. C 23. B 24. A 25. D 26. A 27. D 28. B 29. D 30. C 31. A 32. A 33. D 34. C 35. B 36. B 37. C 38. B 39. D 40. A 41. D 42. B 43. A 44. C 45. A 46. C 47. A 48. D 49. B 50. C 51. A 52. D 53. B 54. A 55. D 第三部分 56. B 57. C 58. D 59. C 60. C 61. A 62. D 63. B 64. A 65. B 66. C 67. C 68. A 69. D 70. B 第四部分 71. teamwork 72. Ideas/opinions/views/thoughts 73. Support/Encourage/Back 74. Suggestions 75. given/assigned 76. Responsibility 77. topic/subject/issue 78. Case 79. Exchange/Share 80. Evaluate 第五部分 Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”. Good listening can always show respect, promote understanding, and improve interpersonal relationship. Many people suggest that parents should listen more to their children, so they will understand them better, and find it easy to narrow the generation gap; teachers should listen more to their students, then they can meet their needs better, and
place themselves in a good relationship with their students; students should listen more to their classmates, thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed. What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to others. Show your respect and never stop others till they finish their talk; show you are interested by a supportive silence or a knowing smile; be open-minded to different opinions even though you don’t like them. In a word, good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other. (151) Thank you for your listening!
2009 年江苏高考英语试卷及答案 2009 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 （江苏卷）
第一部分：听力(共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A．￡19.15． 答案是 B。 1．What do the speakers need to buy? A．A fridge． B．A dinner table． C．A few chairs． B．￡9.15． C．￡9.18．
2．Where are the speakers? A．In a restaurant． B．In a hotel． C．In a school．
3．What does the woman mean? A．Cathy will be at the party． C．Cathy is going to be invited． 4．Why does the woman plan to go to town? A．To pay her bills in the bank． C．To get some money from the bank． 5．What is the woman trying to do? A．Finish some writing． B．Print an article． C．Find a newspaper． B．To buy books in a bookstore． B．Cathy is too busy to come．
第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒 钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6．What is the man doing? A．Changing seats on the plane． C．Trying to find his seat． 7．What is the woman’s seat number? A．6A． B．7A． C．8A． B．Asking for a window seat．
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8．Why doesn’t the woman take the green T-shirt? A．It's too small． B．It’s too dark． C．It’s too expensive
9．What does the woman buy in the end? A．A yellow T-shirt． B．A blue T-shirt． C．A pink T-shirt．
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10．How long has the man been in London? A．One year． B．A few years． C．A couple of months．
11．Why did the woman leave her hometown? A．To lead a city life． B．To open a restaurant． C．To find a job．
12．Where did the woman come from?
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13．What is a daypack? A．A box． B．A bag． C．A lock．
14．What surprises the girl at school? A．A lot of discussions in class． B．Teachers giving little homework．
C．Few students asking questions in class． 15．At what time of the school term does the conversation most probably take pla ce? A．At the end of it． B．In the middle of it． C．At the beginning of it．
16．What do we know about the girl? A．She is new to the school． B．She writes for the school newspaper． C．She seldom asks questions in class． 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．What does Mr. Henry Stone do? A．A bank clerk． B．A teacher． C．A writer．
18．What does Henry like doing at airports? A．Watching people． B．Telling stories． C．Reading magazines．
19．What did Henry learn from the newspaper that day? A．A valuable suitcase was missing．
B．A man stole money from a bank． C．A woman ran away from home． 20．Why was the woman at the airport? A．She was traveling on business． B．She was seeing the man off． C．She was leaving for Greece． 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 、D 、四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child _____ he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。 21. The population of Jiangsu _____ to more than twice what it was in 1949. The figure is now approaching 74 million. A. has grown B. have grown C. grew D. are growing B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
22. —Ann is in hospital. —Oh, really? I _____ know. I _____ go and visit her. A. didn’t; am going to B. don’t; would C. don’t; will D. didn't; will
23. Because of the financial crisis, days are gone _____ local 5-star hotels charge d 6,000 Yuan for one night. A. if B. when C. which D. since
24. —I' m surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have _____. —So am I. They seemed very happy together when I last saw them. A. broken up B. finished up C. divided up closed up
25.—Hi, Terry, can I use your computer for a while this afternoon? —Sorry. _____. A. It’s repaired C. It's being repaired B. It has been repaired D. It had been repaired
26. Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, _____ redu ce unemployment pressures. A. helps B. to have helped C. to help D. having helped
27. Compared with his sister, Jerry is even more ______ to, and more easily trou bled by, emotional and relationship problems. A. skeptical B. addicted C. available D. sensitive
28. He did not regret saying what he did but felt that he _____ it differently. A. could express C. could have expressed B. would express D. must have expressed
29. —Bill, can I get you anything to drink? —_____. A. You are welcome C. I wouldn't mind a coffee B. No problem D. Doesn’t matter
30. This special school accepts all disabled students, _____ educational level and background. A. according to B. regardless of C. in addition to D. in terms of
31. _____ unemployment and crime are high; it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until
32.Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school, _____ the ceremony o f the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad. A. Attend B. To attend C. Attending D. Having attended
33. —what’s the matter with Della? —Well, her parents wouldn't allow her to go to the party, but she still _____. A. hopes to B. hopes so C. hopes not D. hopes for
34. Many young people in the West are expected to leave _____ could be life’s m ost important decision —marriage —almost entirely up to luck. A. as B. that C. which D. what
35. Nine in ten parents said there were significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with _____ of their parents. A. those B. one C. both D. that
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. As a result, all students must 36 sixty hours of service learning, 37 they will not receive a diploma. Service learning is academic learning that also helps the c ommunity. 38 of service learning include cleaning up a polluted river, working in a soup kitchen, or tutoring a student. 39 a service experience, students mus t keep a journal（日志）and then write a 40 about what they have learned. Supporters claim that there are many 41 of service learning. Perhaps most imp ortantly, students are forced to think 42 their own interests and become 4 3 of the needs of others. Students are also able to learn real-life skills that 4 4 responsibility, problem-solving, and working as part of a team. 45, students c an explore possible careers 46 service learning. For example, if a student wonders what teaching is like, he or she can choose to work in an elementary school classroom a few afternoons each month. 47 ther e are many benefits, opponents (反对者) 48 problems with the new requiremen t. First, they 49 that the main reason students go to school is to learn core su bjects and skills. Because service learning is time-consuming, students spend 50 ti mes studying the core subjects. Second, they believe that forcing students to work without 51 goes against the law. By requiring service, the school takes away a n individual's freedom to choose. In my view, service learning is a great way to 52 to the community, learn new skills, and explore different careers. 53 , I don’t believe you should force peop le to help others —the 54 to help must come from the heart. I think the best 55 is one that gives students choices: a student should be able to choose six ty hours of independent study or sixty hours of service. Choice encourages both fr eedom and responsibility, and as young adults, we must learn to handle both wise ly. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. spend and Subjects With diary courses beyond careful B. B. B. B. B, B. B. B. gain or ideas Before report benefits about proud C .complete C. but C. Procedures C. During C. note C. challenges C. over C. tired D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. save for Examples After notice features in aware
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第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A When women sit together to watch a movie on TV, they usually talk simultaneousl y（同时的）about a variety of subjects, including children, men, careers and what' s happening in their lives. When groups of men and women watch a movie toget her, the men usually end up telling the women to shut up. Men can either talk or watch the screen -- they can’t do both -- and they don’t understand that women can. Besides, women consider that the point of all getting together is to have a good time and develop relationships -- not just to sit there like couch potatoes sta ring at the screen. During the ad breaks, a man often asks a woman to explain the plot and tell him where the relationship between the characters is going. He is unable, unlike wom en, to read the subtle body language signals that reveal how the characters are f eeling emotionally. Since women originally spent their days with the other women and children in the group, they developed the ability to communicate successfully i n order to maintain relationships. For a woman, speech continues to have such a
clear purpose: to build relationships and make friends. For men, to talk is to relat e the facts. Men see the telephone as a communication tool for sending facts and information to other people, but a woman sees it as a means of bonding. A woman can spen d two weeks on vacation with her girlfriend and, when she returns home, telepho ne the same girlfriend and talk for another two hours. There is no convincing evidence that social conditioning, the fact that girls' mother s talked them more, is the reason why girls talk more than boys. Psychiatrist Dr Michael Lewis, author Social Behavior and Language Acquisition, conducted experim ents that found mothers talked to and looked at, baby girls more often than baby boys. Scientific evidence shows parents res the brain bias of their children. Since a girl’s brain is better organized to send and receive speech, we therefore talk to them more. Consequently, mothers who try to talk to their sons are usually pointe d to receive only short grunts in reply. 56. While watching TV with others, women usually talk a lot because they ______ __. A. are afraid of awkward silence with their families and friends B. can both talk and watch the screen at the same time C. thinks they can have a good time and develop relationships D. has to explain the plot and body language to their husbands 57. After a vacation with her girlfriend, a woman would talk to her again on the phone for hours in order to ________. A. experience the happy time again C. recommend her a new scenic spot B. keep a close tie with her D. remind her of something forgotten
58. What does the author want to tell us most? A. Women’s brains are better organized for language and communication
B. Women love to talk because they are more sociable than men. C. Men do not like talking because they rely more on facts. D. Social conditioning is not the reason why women love talking. 59. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Women Are Socially Trained to Talk C. Women Love to Talk B. Talking Maintains Relationships D. Men Talk Differently from Women
B It was the first mow of winter —an exciting day for every, child but not for most tether. Up until now, l had been able to dress myself for recess(课间休息), but t oday I would need some help. Miss Finlayson, my kindergarten teacher at Princess Elizabeth School near Hamilton, Ontario, had been through first snow days ,tony times in her long career, but I think struggled still remember this one. I managed to get into my wool snow pants. But I straggled with my jacket becau se it didn’t fit well. It was a hand-me-down from my brother, and it made me wo nder why I had to wear his ugly clothes. At least my hat and matching scarf wer e mine, and they were quite pretty. Finally it was time to have Miss Finlayson hel p me with my boots. In her calm, motherly voice she said, "By the end of winter, you will be able to put on own boots. “ I didn’t realize at the time that this was more a statement of hope than of confidence. I handed her my boots and stuck out my foot. Like most children, I expected the adult to do and the work. After mush wiggling and pushing, she managed to get first one into place and then, with a sigh, worked the second one on too. I announced，“They’re on the wrong feet．”With the grace that only experience ca n bring， she struggled to get the boots off and went through the joyless task of p utting them on again．Then I said，“These aren’t my boots．you know．”As she p ulled the offending boots from my feet，she still managed to look both helpful and interested．Once they were off．I said，“They are my brother’s boots．My mother
makes me wear them，and I hate them!” Somehow，from long years of practice， she managed to act as though I wasn’t an annoying little girl．She pushed and sh oved．less gently this time，and the boots were returned to their proper place on my feet．With a great sigh of relief，seeing the end of her struggle with me，she asked，“Now，where are your gloves?’’ I looked into her eyes and said．“I didn’t want to lose them．so I put them into t he toes of my boots．” 60．According to the passage，the little girl got _______ from her brother． A．the wool snow pants and the jacket C．the jacket and the hat B．The jacket and the boots
D．The boots and the gloves
61．What made it so hard for the teacher to help the little girl put her boots on? A．The gloves in the toes of the boots． C．The wrong size of the boots． B．The slowness of the teacher． D．The unwillingness of the girl．
62． can be inferred that before the little girl finally went out to enjoy the first s It now of winter，the teacher had to help her put on her boots ． A．once B．twice C．three times D．Four times
63．Which of the following sentences from the text BEST indicates that the teache r is very considerate? A．In her calm，motherly voice she said，“By the end of winter，…”(Paragraph 2) B．With the grace that only experience can bring，she struggled to…(Paragraph 4) C．…．she still managed to look both helpful and interested．(Paragraph 4) D．…，she managed to act as though I wasn’t an annoying little girl.(Paragraph 4)
C Transport Guide The Brisbane City Council(BCC)is responsible for bus and ferry services with in the city limits and suburbs．Most buses will either arrive at the city or an interchange where connecting buses can be caught． BCC buses operate from 5： am to 11： 30 00 pm Monday to Thursday and 5：30 am t0 12：00 am on Fridays .On weekends and public holidays buses operate less frequently Pre—paid bus tickets can be pu rchased from the QUT (Queensland University of Technology)bookshop， the campus news agency, most other news agencies and general stores，and any BCC Custo mer Service Centre． Short-term students at QUT cannot use their ID cards to gain a discount fare on BCC public transport．You will need to buy an adult ticket to tr avel．Bus fares are dependent on the number of zones you have to travel．There are several types of tickets： Single： one way ticket to reach your destination， including transfers within 2 hours． Daily: unlimited travel within the zones． Off-peak’ Daily：discounted unlimited travel between 9：00 am and 3：30 pm and after 7：00 pm Monday to Friday, and all day on weekends and public holidays． Weekly：unlimited travel within the zones for one week from the date of issue． Monthly：unlimited travel within the zones for one calendar month from the date o f issue． Ten-trip Saver: 10 trips at any time within the zones on buses and ferries only． Transport routes．Timetables and fare information are available from: Public Transport Information Centre 69 Ann Street (corner of George St) Brisbane City
Phone l3 12 30(Transport Information Service) 64．The transport guide above is most likely provided by A．Public Transport Information Centre B．The Brisbane City Council C．Queensland University of Technology． D．BCC Customer Service Centers 65．We can learn from the passage that ． ．
A．Buses are scheduled as usual on weekends and public holidays B．Regular students at QUT need to buy adult tickets C．Pre—paid tickets can be bought from the Public Transport Information Centre D．Ten-trip Savers can be used at off-peak time 66．An exchange student staying at QUT for five days has to travel between zone s every day．What type of ticket would he probably buy? A．Single． D Have you ever noticed the color of the water in a river or stream after a heavy r ainfall? What do you think caused this change in color? It is soil that has been w ashed into the river from the riverbank or from t}le nearby fields． Components of Soft Soil is made up of a number of layers(层)， each having its own distinctive color and texture．The upper layer is known as the litter．It acts like a blanket．limitin g temperature changes and reducing water loss．The topsoil layer is made up of s mall particles of rock mixed with rotten plant and animal matter called humus(腐 B．Weekly． C．Off-peak Daily． D．Ten—trip Saver．
殖质)，which is black and gives the topsoil its dark color．This layer is usually rich in nutrients，oxygen，and water．Below the topsoil is the subsoil，a layer that co ntains more stones mixed with only small amounts of organic matter． This layer is lighter in color because of the lack of humus．Beneath the soil lies a layer of bedr ock． Soil forms from the bottom up．Over time bedrock is attacked by rain, wind，fr ost, and snow．It is gradually broken down into smaller particles in a process call ed weathering．Plants begin to grow，and rotten materials enrich the topsoil．Most of the soil in Eastern Canada．for example．Was formed from weathered rock tha t was exposed when the ice disappeared l2．000 years ag0． Water beneath the Soil Surface water collects and flows above the ground in lakes． ponds． and rivers． O nce in the soil or rock，it is called groundwater．Gravity pulls groundwater through the soil in a process called percolation(渗透)．Eventually the water reaches a laye r called the water table．Under this is bedrock through which water cannot percol ate． As water percolates downward，it dissolves organic matter and minerals from th e soil and carries them to deeper layers．This causes a serious problem because p lants require these nutrients for growth. Soil pH Soil can be acidic．neutral．or basic．The pH of the soil is determined by the n ature of the rock from which it was formed．and by the nature of t}le plants that grow and rot in i t． The acidity of rain and snow can lower the pH of the groundwater that enters the soil．By burning fossil fuels such as coal，oil and gasoline，humans have bee n contributing to higher levels of acidity in many soils．When fossil fuels are burne d．gases are released into the air and then fall back to earth as acid rain．Acid s oil increases 出 e problem of carrying nutrients to lower soil levels．As nutrients are removed，soil is less fertile．Plants grow more slowly in acidic soil，and also beco me easily attacked by diseases．
67．The layer of soil that provides necessary nutrients for plant growth is called． A．1itter B．topsoil C．humus D．Subsoil
68．According to the text．Which of the following is NOT true? A．Soil forms from weathered rock on the earth surface． B．The deeper layer of soil is darker in color than t}le surface soil． C．Air pollution is partially responsible for acid soil． D．Groundwater tends to carry away nutrients for plant growth． 69．We can infer from the passage that the water table lies A．Between the topsoil layer and the subsoil layer B．In the subsoil layer above bedrock C．Between the subsoil layer and bedrock D．In the bedrock layer beneath the subsoil 70．The underlined word “dissolve” is used to express the idea that organic matter and minerals from soil are ． A．Rushed away into the river B．Cleaned and purified by water C．Destroyed and carried away by water D．Mixed with water and become part of it 第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 ．
Communication Principles How you see yourself can make a great difference in how you communicate． “Ever y individual exists in a continually changing world of experience of which he(or sh e)is the center”．Many communication scholars and social scientists believe that pe ople are products of how others treat them and of the messages others send the m．But every day we experience the centrality of our selves in communication．A student．for instance，may describe a conflict with a teacher as unfair treatment： “I know my teacher doesn’t like the fact that I don’t agree with his opinions． and that’s why he gave me such a poor grade in that class．”The teacher might say t he opposite． Each person may believe that he is correct and that the other person’ s view is wrong． The concept of serf originates in communication． Through verbal and nonverbal symbols, a child learns to accept roles in response to the expectations of others． Y ou establish self-image。The sort of person you believe you are，by how others th ink of you．Positive，negative，and neutral messages that you receive from others all play a role in determining who you are．Communication itself is probably best understood as a dialogue process．Our understanding of communication comes fro m our interactions with other people．In a more obvious way．communication invo lves others in the sense that a competent communicator considers what the other person needs and expects when selecting messages to share．So，the communica tion begins with the self，as defined largely by others，and involves others，as def ined largely by the self． Communication Occurs almost every minute of your life．If you are not commu nicating with yourself(thinking，planning，reacting to the world around you)，you are observing others and drawing inferences from their behavior．Even if the other person did not intend a message for you．you gather observations and draw spec ific conclusions．A person yawns and you believe that person is bored with your m essage．A second person looks away from you and you conclude that person is no t listening to you． third person smiles(perhaps because of a memory of a joke h A e heard recently) and you believe that he is attracted to you．We are continually picking up meanings from others’ behaviors and we are constantly providing behav iors that have communicative value for them． More often than not， you may have hurt someone accidentally and you may have tried to explain that you did not mean that. You may have told the other person
that you were sorry for your statement．You may have made a joke out of your r ude statement．Nonetheless，your comment remains both in the mind of the other person and in your own mind．You cannot go back in time and erase your mess ages to others． Communication cannot be reversed(倒退)， nor can it be repeated． W hen you tried to re—create the atmosphere，the conversation，and the setting，no thing seemed right．Your second experience with a similar setting and person mad e far different results．
Paragraph 0utline Supporting Details Communication begins with the self ●we are always(71) ▲ in communication with others． Communication ●Experiences of others help children learn to accept roles． (72) ▲ others ●Messages from others help you(73) ▲ who you are． ●Needs and(74) ▲ of others should be considered． ●We are communicating with ourselves by thinking，planning and reacting to the outside world． ●We are always(76) ▲ other people by observing even if they do not intend any message for you． ●We are constantly collecting meanings from others’(77) ▲ ． ●We are constantly(78) ▲ meanings by what we do． ●People are somewhat products of others’ treatment and message s．
Communication (75) ▲ everywhere
Communication ●You may explain what you have done，but you cannot(79) ▲ what remains in the other person’s mind． cannot be ●Yon may redo the conversation，but you(80) ▲ achieve the sa
reversed nor repeated
第五部分：书面表达(满分 25 分) 鼠标是计算机时代最佳的人机交互工具之一。它极大地方便了人们的计算机操作。但是， 过分依赖鼠标的习惯也会带来一些不利影响。请你以鼠标为切入点，根据下表所提示的信 息，用英语写一篇短文。 鼠标的必要性 鼠标的便捷性 对多数人来说，操作计算机，上网冲浪…… 编辑文本，搜索信息…… 收发邮件，选购商品…… 点击、移动、插入、拷贝、删除……点播音乐，下载电影…… 如果过分依赖鼠标…… (请考生结合自身感受，列举两到三点)
注意： 1．对所给要点逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2．词数 150 左右。开头已经写好，不计人总词数。 3．作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a com puter．
英语试题参考答案 第一部分 1．C l2．B 2．B 3．A 4．C 5．A 6．C 7．B 8．A 9．C l0．B l3．B l4．C l5．C l6．A l7．C l8．A l9．B 20．B 11．C
第二部分 21．A 22．D 23．B 24．A 25．C 26．C 27．D 28．C 29．C 30．B 31． 32． B C 33． 34． 35． A D D 36． 37． 38． 39． 40． 41． C B D C B B 42．A 43．D 44．C 45．B 46．A 47．D 48．C 49．A 50．C 51．B 52．A 53．D 54．B 55．C 第三部分 56．C 57．B 58．A 59．C 60．B 61．A 62．D 63．D 64．C 65．D 66．B 67．B 68．B 69．C 70．D 第四部分 71．self-centered／subjective 72．involves 76．reading／understanding/knowing
73．determine／define／know／understand 78．conveying／expressing 74．expectations／hopes／desires／wishes 79．erase／remove／delete/change 75．occurs／happens／exists／arises 第五部分 80．can’t／cannot
The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a com puter． For most people, it’s almost impossible to operate a computer without a mouse, le t alone surf the Internet. A well-chosen mouse is really handy, flexible and conven ient in controlling the screen. With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we wan t. It can even bring us a flood of music, movies and PC games. Just imagine, all this can be done with a cute mouse. A convenient tool can certainly make our work easier, but it doesn’t always help i n a positive way. Too much ready information on our fingertips leaves little room for knowledge pursuing. Too many ready answers make us less excited in finding truth. Relying too much on mouse clicking makes us lazier and less creative both mentally and physically. (153 words
2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 （江苏卷） 英语
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置，听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题的阅读下一小题，每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A ￡19.15 答案是 B B ￡9.15 C ￡9.18
1、What will Dorothy do on the weekend? A Go out with her friend B work on her paper C Make some plans 2、What was the normal price of the T-shirt? A ＄15 B ＄30 C ＄50 3、What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon? A To attend a wedding B To visit an exhibition C To meet a friend 4、When does the bank close on Saturday? A AT 1:00 pm B AT 3:00 pm C AT 4:00 pm 5、where are the speakers? A In a store B In a classroom C At a hotel 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话和独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A B C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置，听每段对话和独白前，你将有时间阅读各 个小题，每小题 5 分钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话和独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6 What do we know about Nora? A She prefers a room of own B She likes to work with other girls C She lives near the city center 7、What is good about the flat? An It has a large sitting room B It has good furniture C It has a big kitchen 听第七段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. where has Barbara been? A. Milan. B. Florence. C. Rome. 9 .What has Barbara got in her suitcase? A. Shoes. B. Stones. C. Books. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Who is making the telephone call? A. Thomas Brothers. B. Mike Landon. C. Jack Cooper.
11. What relation is the woman to Mr. Cooper? A. His wife. B. His boss.
C. His secretary. 12. What is the message about? A. A meeting. B. A visit to France C. The date for a trip. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who could the man speaker most probably be? A. A person who saw the accident. B. The driver of the lorry. C. A police officer. 14. What was Mrs. Franks doing when the accident took place? A. Walking along Churchill Avenue. B. Getting ready to cross the road. C. Standing outside a bank. 15. When did the accident happen? A. At about 8:00 are. B. At about 9:00 are. C. At about 10:00 are. 16. How did the accident happen? A.A lorry hit a car. B.A car ran into a lorry. C.A bank clerk rushed into the street. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the talk mainly about? A. The history of the school.
B. The courses for the term. C. The plan for the day. 18. Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new student? A. In the school hall. B. In the science labs. C. In the classrooms. 19. What can students do in the practical areas? A. Take science courses? B. Enjoy excellent meals. C. Attend workshops. 20. When are the visitors expected to ask question? A. During the lunch hour. B. After the welcome speech. C. Before the tour of labs. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
w_w w. k#s5 _u.c o*m
第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child______ he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。 21. The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of life are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a B. 不填;the C. The; a D. the; the B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever
22. The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift
from his patients, so he has a very good_____. A. expectation B. reputation C. contribution D. civilization
23.—why, Jack, you look so tired! ---Well, I _____the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. A. was painting B. will be painting C. have painted D. have been painting
24. Thousands of foreigner’s were______ to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened. A. attended B. attained C. attracted D. attached
25. ---I haven’t got the reference book yet, but I’ll have a test on the subject next month. ---Don’t worry. You______ have it by Friday. A. could B. shall C. must D. may
26. The experiment has_________ the possibility of the existence of any life on that planet, but it does not mean there is no life on other planets. A. found out B. pointed out C. ruled out D. carried out
27. ----Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? ----_________.Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends C. Don’t mention it D. By no me ands
28. The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the ea rthquake in Yushu ,________the students to return to their classrooms. A. enabling B. having enabled C. to enable D. to have enabled
29. So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is________ ideal. We have to work still harder. A. next to B. far from C. out of D. due to
30. ---Peter , where did you guys go for the summer vacation? ----We________ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be
31. ----I have tried very hard to find a solution to the problem, but in vain ----why not consult with Frank? You see, _________. A. great minds think alike B. two heads are better than one C. a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush D. it’s better to think twice before doing something 32. The newly built café the walls of_______ are painted light green, is really a peaceful place , for us, especially after hard work. A. that B. it C. what D. which
33. ---Is everyone here? ---Not yet……Look, there_______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming
34. George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he_______ more on its culture. A. focus B.focused C.would focus Thad focused
35.-I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. -That’s_______I don’t agree .You should have a more active life. A. where Bohol Cowmen D’état
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后个题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Another person’s enthusiasm was what set me moving toward the success I have achieved. That person was my stepmother. I was nine years old when she entered our home in rural Virginia. My father__36__me to her with these words:” I would like you to meet the fellow who is___37 for being the worst boy
in this county and will probably start throwing rocks at you no ___38 than tomorrow morning.” My stepmother walked over to me, ___39 my head slightly upward, and looked me right in the eye. Then she looked at my father and replied,” You are ___40 .This is not the worst boy at all, ___41 the smartest one who hasn’t yet found an outlet 释放的途径） his enthusiasm.” （ for between us. No one had ever called me smart, my as a bad boy. My stepmother changed all
That statement began a (n) ___42
family and neighbors had built me up in my ___43 that. She changed many things. She ___44
my father to go to a dental school, from which he
graduated with honors. She moved our family into the county srat, where my father’s career could be more ___45 and my brother and I could be better___46 . and told me that she
When I turned fourteen, she bought me a secondhand___47 believed that I could become a writer. I knew her ernthusiasm, I___48
It had already improved our lives. I accepted her ___49 and began to write for local newspapers. I was doing the same kind of___50 that great day I went to interview Andrew Carnegie and beneficiary (受益
received the task which became my life’s work later. I wasn’t the ___51 者).My father became the ___52
man in town. My brother and stepbrothers became a
physician, a dentist, a lawyer, and a college president. What power __53 has! When that power is released to support the certainty of one’s purpose and is ___54 strengthened by faith, it becomes an irresistible（不可抗拒的）force which .
poverty and temporary defeat can never ___55
You can communicate that power to anyone who needs it. This is probably the greatest work you can do with your enthusiasm. 36. A.rushed 37. A.distinguished 38. A. sooner absent Scurried D.introduced C.mistaken Deadlier Dreaded
B.favored Blather Clinger
39. A. dragged 40. A. perfect 41. Abut 42. Abatement 43. A. opinion 44. A. begged 45. A. successful 46. A. reared 47. A.cemera 48. A. considered 49. A. belief 50. Attaching 51. A. next 52. A. cleverest 53. A.ebthusiasm 54. A. deliberately 55. A. wins
Bishop Bright Basso
Cruised Cowering Candy Cigar C.espectation Cornered
Deben D.impolite Door D.relationship Demand Divided D.useful D.respected
B.friendship B.image B.persuaded B.meaningful B.entertained Braid
D.typewriter Signore D.appreciated D.description Dreading
B.suspected Brusquest B.writing
C.criticism C.studying Conley Dream C.strongest C.fortune
B.wealthiest B.sympathy B.happily B.match Creech
D.bealthiest D.confidence D.constantly
[来源: 学科网 ZXXK]
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、 C、 四个选项中， B、 D 选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Usually, when your teacher asks a question, there is only one correct answer. But there is one question that has millions of current answers. That question is “What’s your name?” Everyone gives a different answer, but everyone is correct. Have you ever wondered about people’s names? Where do they come from? What do they
mean? People’s first names, or given names, are chosen by their parents. Sometimes the name of a grandparent or other member of the family is used. Some parents choose the name of a well-known person. A boy could be named George Washington Smith; a girl could be named Helen Keller Jones. Some people give their children names that mean good things. Clara means “bright”; Beatrice means “one who gives happiness”; Donald means “world ruler”; Leonard means “as brave as a lion”. The earliest last names, or surnames, were taken from place names. A family with the name Brook or Brooks probably lived near brook(小溪)； someone who was called Longstreet probably lived on a long, paved road. The Greenwood family lived in or near a leafy forest. Other early surnames came from people’s occupations. The most common occupational name is Smith, which means a person who makes things with iron or other metals. In the past, smiths were very important workers in every town and village. Some other occupational names are: Carter — a person who owned or drove a cart; Potter —a person who made pots and pans. The ancestors of the Baker family probably baked bread for their neighbors in their native village. The Carpenter’s great-great-great-grandfather probably built houses and furniture. Sometimes people were known for the color of their hair or skin, or their size, or their special abilities. When there were two men who were named John in the same village, the John with the gray hair probably became John Gray. Or the John was very tall could call himself John Tallman. John Fish was probably an excellent swimmer and John Lightfoot was probably a fast runner or a good dancer. Some family names were made by adding something to the father’s name. English-speaking people added –s or –son. The Johnsons are descendants of John; the Roberts
family’s ancestor was Robert. Irish and Scottish people added Mac or Mc or O. Perhaps all of the MacDonnell’s and the McDonnell’s and the O’Donnell’s are descendants of the same Donnell. 56. Which of the following aspects do the surnames in the passage NOT cover? A. Places where people lived. C. Talents that people possessed. B. People’s characters. D. People’s occupations.
57. According to the passage, the ancestors of the Potter family most probably _______. A. owned or drove a cart C. made kitchen tools or contains B. made things with metals D. built houses and furniture
58. Suppose and English couple whose ancestors lived near a leafy forest wanted their new-born son to become a world leader, the baby might be named _______. A. Beatrice Smith C. George Longstreet B. Leonard Carter D. Donald Greenwood
59. The underlined word “descendants” in the last paragraph means a person’s _____ A. later generation’s C. colleagues and partners B. friends and relatives D. later sponsors B It is reported that conservation groups in North America have been arguing about the benefits and dangers of wolves. Some groups believe wolves should be killed. Other people believe wolves Must be protected so that they will not disappear from the wilderness(荒野) For Killing Wolves In Alaska，the wolf almost disappeared a few years ago，because hunters were killing hundreds 0f them for sport .However．1aws were established to protect the wolves from sportsmen and
people who catch the animals for their fur．So the waif population has greatly increased. Now there are so many wolves that they are destroy yang their own food supply． A wolf naturally eats animals in the deer family. People in the wilderness also hunt deer for food． Many of the animals have been destroyed by the very cold winters recently and by changes in the wilderness plant life．When the deer can’t find enough food，they die． If the wolves continue to kill large numbers of deer，their prey(猎物)will disappear some day．And the wolves will．too．So we must change the cycle of life in the wilderness to balance the ecology．If we killed more wolves，we would save them and their prey from dying out．We’d also save some farm animals． In another northern state，wolves attack cows and chickens for food．Farmers want the government to send biologists to study the problem．They believe it necessary to kill wolves in some areas and to protect them in places where there is a small waif population． Against Killing Wolves If you had lived long ago，you would have heard many different stories about the dangerous wolf．According to most stories，hungry wolves often kill people for food．Even today，the stories of the“big bad waif'＂will not disappear． But the fact is wolves are afraid of people．And they seldom travel in areas where there is a human smell．When wolves eat other animals，they usually kill the very young．Or the sick and Injured .The strongest survive .No kind of animal would have survived therough the centuries if the weak members had lived．And has always been a law of nature Although some people say it is good sense to kill wolves，we say it is nonsense! Researchers have found wolves and their prey living in balance．The wolves keep the deer population from
becoming too large, and that keeps a balance in the wilderness plant life． The real problem is that the areas where wolves can live are being used be people．Even if wilderness land is not used directly for human needs．the wolves can’t always find enough food .So they travel to the nearest source, which is often a farm．Then there is danger．The“big bad wolf”has arrived! And everyone knows what happens next． 60．According to the passage，some people in North America favor killing wolves for all the following reasons EXCET that A．there are too many wolves C．they attack cows and chickens for food life 61．Some people are against killing wolves because ． ． B．They kill large numbers deer D．They destroy the wilderness plant
A．Wolves help to keep the ecological balance in the wideness B．There is too small a wolf population in the wilderness C．There are too many deer in the wilderness D．Wolves are afraid of people and never attack people 62．According to those against killing wolves，when wolves eat other animals， A．They never eat strong and healthy ones B．They always go against the law of nature C．They might help this kind of animals survive in nature D．They disturb the ecological balance in the wilderness 63． last sentence And everyone knows what happens next” The “ implies that in such cases A．Farm animals will be in danger and have to be shipped away B．Waives will kill people and people will in turn kill them C．Wolves wily find enough food sources on fails D．People will leave the areas where wolves can live ． ．
C BORDER CROSSINGS While there are no restrictions on she amount of money that you can bring Across the border. you must report to both the US and Canadian border Services amounts equal to or greater than $10.000. PERSONAL EXEMPTIONS（免税）ON PURCHASES AMERICANS RETURNING TO THE US Less than 48 hours: $ 200 US 48 hours or more: $ 800 US duty-free personal exemption. next $ 1.000 US at 3% Including up to 100 cigars and 100 cigarettes. CANADIANS RETURNING TO CANADA Less than 24 hours: $ 50 CAN 48 hours or more: $ 400 CAN Including up to 100 cigars and 200 cigarettes. 7 days or more: $ 750 CAN Including up to 100 cigars and 200 cigarettes. DOCUMENTATION NEEDED FOR BORDER CROSSING LAND OR SEA TO THE US(INCLUDING FERRIES) A valid passport or passport card, or a NEXUS card. (A NEXUS card is a True steed Traveler Program that provides quick travel for Pre-approved, low risk travelers through special lanes.) A recent Washington State, New York or BC driver’s license.
Note: Ch idler 15 years of age and younger require only a birth certificate or Copy. (Certified copies are not required but are advised.) AIR TRAVEL TO THE US A valid passport, an Air NEXUS card, or a U.S. Coast Guard Merchant Marine Document.
64. If a Canadian who is on a 7-day trip to New York buys $ 800 CAN worth of goods, how much should he pay tax on when returning home? A. $ 800 CAN B. $750 CAN C. $ 400 CAN D. $ 50 CAN
65. For an American citizen on a 2-day tour of Canada, how much tax does he have to pay on $ 1.600 US worth of purchases when returning to the US?
A. $ 24 US
B. $ 48 US
C. $52 US
D. $ 200 US
66. What documentation should a couple with a 7-year-old child carry when they drive a car from Canada to America? A. A BC driver’s license, an Air NEXUS card, and a birth certificate. B. an Air NEXUS card, a U.S. Coast Guard Merchant Marine Document, and a birth certificate. Cato valid passport cards and a certified copy of a birth certificate. D. A NEXUS card, a U.S. Coast Guard Merchant Marine Document., and a certified copy of a birth certificate. D Imagine， day， one getting out of bed in Beijing and being at your office in Shanghai in only a couple of hours，and then，after a full day of work，going back home to Beijing and having dinner there． Sounds unusual，doesn't it? But it's not that unrealistic，with the development of China’s high—speed railway system． And that’ not a11． s China has an even greater high—speed railway plan—to connect the country with Southeast Asia，and eventually Eastern Europe． China is negotiating to extend its own high· -speed railway network to up to 17 countries in 1 0 to 15 years，eventually reaching London and Singapore． China has proposed three such projects．The first would possibly connect Kunming with Singapore via Vietnam and Malaysia． Another could start in Urumqi and go through Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan，and possibly to Germany．The third would start in the northeast and go north through Russia and then into Western Europe． If China’s plan for the high-speed railway goes forward，people could zip over from London to Bailing in under two days． The new system would still follow China’s high—speed railway standard．And the trains
would be able to go 346 kilometers an hour，almost as fast as some airplanes． China’s bullet train(高速客车)，the one connecting Wuhan to Guangzhou，already has the World’s fastest average speed．It covers 1,069 kilometers in about three hours． Of course，there are some technical challenges to overcome．There are so many issues that need to be settled，such as safety，rail gauge(轨距)，maintenance of railway tracks．So，it’s important to pay attention to every detail． But the key issue is really money．China is already spending hundreds of billions of Yuan on domestic railway expansion． China prefers that the other countries pay in natural resources rat err than with capital investment．Resources from those countries could stream into China to sustain development． It’11 be a win-win project. For other countries，the railway network will definitely create more opportunities for business，tourism and so on，not to mention the better communication among those counties． For China，such a project would not only connect it with the rest of Asia and bring some much-needed resources，but would also help develop China’s far west．We foresee that in the coming decades， millions of people will migrate to the western regions， where the land is empty and resources unused． With high-speed trains， people will set up factories and business centers in the west once and for a11．And they’11 trade with Central Asian and Eastern European countries． 67．China’s new high-speed railway plan will be a win-win project because A．China will get much-needed resources and develop its western regions B．China and the countries involved will benefit from the project in various ways C．China will develop its railway system and communication with other countries D． the foreign countries involved will develop their railway transportation，business and ．
tourism 68．According to the passage，the greatest challenge to the new high-speed railway plan is ． A．technical issues B．Safety of the system
C．financial problems D．Maintenance of railway tracks 69． Which of the following words best describes the author’s attitude towards China’s high-speed Railway plan? A．Critical． B．Reserved． C．Doubtful D. Positive．
70．Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A．New Railway Standards B．Big Railway Dreams
C．High—speed Bullet Trains D．International Railway Network 第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 ．． 词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 For more than twenty years scientists have been seeking to understand the mystery of the’ sixth sense” of direction．By trying out ideas and solving problems one by one，they are now getting closer to one answer． One funny idea is that animals might have a built-in compass(指南针)． Our earth itself is a big magnet(磁体)．So a little magnetic needle that swings freely lines itself with the big earth magnet to point north and south． When people discoverer d that idea about thousand years ago and invented the compass，it allowed sailors to navigate (航海)on ocean voyages, even under Cloudy skies.
Actually the idea of the living compass came just from observing animals in nature． Many birds migrate twice a year between their summer homes and winter homes． Some of them fly for thousands of kilometers and mostly at night．Experiments have shown that some birds can recognize star patterns． they can keep on course even under cloudy skies． But How can they do that? A common bird that does not migrate but is great at finding its way home is the homing pigeon．Not all pigeons can find their way home．Those that can are very good at it，and they have been widely studied． One interesting experiment was to attach little magnets to the birds’ heads to block their magnetic sense—just as a loud radio can keep you from hearing a call to dinner．On sunny days, that did not fool the pigeons．Evidently they can use the sun to tell which way they are going．But on cloudy days，the pigeons with magnets could not find their way．It was as if the magnets had blocked their magnetic sense． Similar experiments with the same kind of results were done with honeybees． These insects also seem to have a special sense to direction． In spite of the experiments ， the idea of an animal compass seemed pretty extraordinary．How Would an animal get the magnetic stuff for a compass? An answer came from an unexpected source．A scientist was studying bacteria that live in the mud of ponds and marshes．He found accidentally little rod-like bacteria that all swam together in one direction—north． Further study showed that each little bacterium had a chain of dense particles inside，which proved magnetic．The bacteria had made themselves into little magnets that could line up with
the earth’s magnet． The big news was that a living thing，even a simple bacterium，can make magnetite．That led To a search to see whether animals might have it... By using a special instrument called magnetometer， scientists were able to find magnetite in bees and birds， even in fish． each and In animal，except for the bee．the magnetic stuff was always in or closer to the brain． Thus．the idea of a built—in animal compass began to seem reasonable． The Magnetic Sense — The Living Compass Passage outline The existence of the earth magnet and the invention of the navigating compass Supporting details ◇Our earth is a big magnet and a little freely (71) ▲
Magnetic needle lines itself with the earth magnet to point north and south. ◇ (72) ▲ on the idea above, the navigating
compass was invented. The possibility of birds’ ◇ One piece of evidence is the (73) built-in compasses ▲ of many
birds between their summer homes and winter homes. ◇ Birds can recognize star patterns on clear nights and keep on course (74) ▲ under cloudy skies
◇Little magnets were tied to the pigeons’ heads to (76) ▲ their magnetic sense.
pigeons’ and bees’ built-in compasses
◇The pigeons’ magnetic sense seemed to be affected on (77) ▲ days.
◇Similar things with the same results were done with bees.
◇Little rod-like bacteria were found by chance to swim together in the direction of (79) ▲ .
the magnetic stuff for the animal compass
◇Some animals had a chain of dense magnetic particles in or close to the (80) ▲ inside their bodies.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 81.假设你应邀参加学校组织的“英语学习师生座谈会” ，请你根据下表所提示的信息， 用英语写一篇发言稿，简单介绍自己英语学习的情况，并对学校今后的英语教学提出 建议。
1.英语学习的目的 2.英语学习的方法 自己英语 学习的情 况 对学校英 语教学的 建议 （请考生根据自己的经历与感想，提出两至三点建议） 。 3.课外自学的途径 ……….
注意： 1.对所给要点逐一陈 述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2.词数 150 左右。开头和结尾已经写好，不计人总词数。 3.文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 Dear teacher and schoolmates, 1t’s a great pleasure for me to be today and share my
Experience of learning English with you. Thank you for listening.
英语试题参考答案 第一部分 1. B 11. C 2. B 3 .A 4 .B 5 .C 6 .A 7 .C 8. A 9 .A 10 .B
12 .A 13. C 14. C 15 .B 16. B 17. C 18 .B 19. C 20. A
第二部分 21 A 22. B 23. D 24 .C 25. B 26. C 27. D 28. A 29 .B 30 .C 3l .B 32. D 33.A 34 .B 35. A 36. D 4l. A 42. B 51. C 52. B 第三部分 56 .B 57. C 58. D 59. A 60 .D 6l .A 62. C 63 .B 64. D 65. A 66. C 67 .B 68 .C 69. D 70 .B 第四部分 71. Swinging 72 .Based 73. Migration 74 .even 76. block 80 .brain(s) 43 .D 44. B 45 .A 46 .C 37 .A 38 .B 39. C 40. C
47 .D 48. D 49. A 50. B
53 .A 54 .D 55. B
75. experiments／tests／study／research 77. Cloudy 第五部分 78. Discovery 79. North
8l. Dear teacher and schoolmates, 1t’s a great pleasure for me to be today and share my Experience of learning English with you. I’m interested in English and hope to be an interpreter in the future. Naturally let’s very important for me to learn English well .As everybody knows Vocabulary is an important part of language, just like bricks in a building .I usually memorize twenty new words a day and put them to use whenever possible. After class．I often listen to English programs on TV and on the radio .Besides, I’ve learned a lot from the Internet and other sources.
Now．I'd like to make some suggestions on English teaching and learning in our school. Firstly, we should be given more opportunities to use what we’ve learned in order to have a better grass p of it. Secondly． hope our teachers can recommend more interesting books and I magazines and give us more free time to read them. Finally， suggest we have more Nerdish 1 activities，such as English contests and festivals. Thank you for listening. (150words)
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上，录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将 试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A. ￡19.15 答案是 B. 1. What does the man like about the play? A. The story B. The ending C. The actor B. ￡.9.15 C . ￡9.18
2. Which place are the speakers trying to find? A. A hotel. B. A bank. C.A restaurant.
3. At what time will the two speakers meet?
4. What will the man do? A. Change the plan. things out. 5. What does the woman want to do? A. See a film with the man. to some great music. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小问题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置，听每段对话前，你将有时间 阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段 对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where is Ben? A. In the kitchen park 7. What will the children do in the afternoon? A. Help set the table homework 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What are the two speakers talking about? A. A family holiday 9. Where did Rachel go? A. Spain B. Italy C. China B. A business trip C. A travel plan B. Have a party C. Do their B. At school C. In the B. Offer the man some help. Celestin Bewail for a phone. Castor
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。
10. How did the woman get to know about third-hand smoke? A. From young smokers. B. From a newspaper article.
C. From some smoking parents. 11. Why does the man say that he should keep away from babies? A. He has just become a father. C. He is a smoker. 12. What does the woman suggest smoking parents should do? A. Stop smoking altogether. houses. C. Reduce dangerous matter in cigarettes. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does Michelle Ray come from? A. A middle-sized city. B. A small town. C. A big city. B. Smoke only outside their B. He wears dirty clothes.
14. Which place would Michelle Ray take her visitors to for shopping? A. The Zen Garden area. 15. What does Michelle Ray do for complete quiet? A. Go camping. B. Study in a library C. Read at home. B. The Highlands C. The Red River
16. What are the speakers talking about in general? A. Late-night shopping. Bastian food. C.Louisville.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．Why do some people say they never have dreams according to Dr Garfield? A. They forget about their dreams. truth. Bathe don’t want to tell the
Cathy has to bad experiences. 18．Why did Davis stop having dreams? A. He got a serious heart attack. brother’s death. Chef was frightened by a terrible dream. 19．What is Dr Garfield’s opinion about dreaming? A. It is very useful. Bit makes things worse. Bah was too sad about his
Cit. prevents the mind from working. 20．Why do some people turn off their dreams completely? A. To sleep better. BT recovers from illnesses.
Cato says away from their problems. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一个：单项选择（共 15 题：每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题， 从题中所给的ＡＢＣＤ四个选项中， 选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：Is generally considered unwise to give a child ____he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。 21------I hear you ____ in pub .what’s it like? ------Well, it’s very hand work and I’m always tired, but I don’t mind. A. are working Dwell be working 22．The fact that so many people still smoke in public place B.well work Cowered working Whatever C.whicecer D.whenever
_______that we may need risk of smoking. A. suggest D.suggesting
to raise awareness of the
23．-----Tommy is planning to buy a car. ----I know .By next month, he__enough for a used one A. saves will have saved 24．Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, __________ the audience can buy ice-cream. A．When B．Where C．that D．which B .saved C.will save D.
25． that school, English is compulsory for all students, but French In and Russian are _________. A．special D．original 26．It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A．that B．how C．when D． why B．regional C．optional
27．Teachers have to constantly update their knowledge in order to maintain their professional ___. A．consequence D．intelligence 28．--- Are you still mad at her? ---Not really, but I can’t ______ that her remarks hurt me. A．deny B．refuse C．reject B．independence C．competence
D．decline 29．— Linda didn’t invite us to the party. — ______? I don’t care. A．For what D．What’s up 30．— You look upset. What’s the matter？ — I had my proposal _______ again. A．turned over D．turned down 31．Recently a survey _______ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens. A． compared compared 32．We’d better discuss everything _______ before we work out the plan. A． detail in time 33. It sounds like something is wrong with the car’s engine. we’d better take it to the garage immediately. A. Otherwise B. If not C. But for that D. If so , B． general in C． purpose on D． on B． comparing C． compares D． being B．turned on C．turned off B．So what C．What’s on
34. ---I left my handbag on the train, but luckily someone gave it to a railway official. ---How unbelievable to get it back! I mean, someone ______ it. A. will have stolen C. should have stolen B. might have stolen D. must have stolen
35. ---You could always put the decision off a little bit longer. ---_____ If I leave it much longer I might miss my chance. A. That’s reasonable advice. C. Do you think so? B. Isn’t it a good idea. D. I can’t agree more.
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large, tempting （诱 人的）apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence. The boy wasn’t much of a fruit-eater, chocolate if given the choice, 37 36 a bar of
, as they say, the forbidden
fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. The more he looked at it, the 39 38 he felt and the more he wanted that apple. 40 he was unable
as high as he could , but even as his tallest 41
to touch It. He began to 42
up and down , as high as he could, at the
of each jump stretching his arms to get the apple . Still it remained . 44 on . His 45 the
out of 43
Not giving up , he though , if only he had something to
school bag wouldn’t give enough height and he didn’t want to
things inside , like his lunch box , pencil case , and Gameboy . Looking 46 , he hoped he might find an old box , a rock , or , 47 luck , even
a ladder , but it was a tidy neighborhood and there was nothing he could use . He had tired everything he could think to do . choices , he gave up and started to walk 49 48 seeing any other
. At first he felt angry
and disappointed thinking about how hungry he had become from his and how he really wanted that apple . The more he more unhappy he became. 52 51
like this , the
,the boy of our story was a preetty smart guy,even if he
cloudn’t always get what get he wanted .He started to say to himself .,This isn’t 53 ,I don’t have the apple and I’m 54 more Ican do to get the our
feeling miserable as well.There’s
apple_that is unchangeable-but we are supposed to be able to 55 feelings. If that’s the case, what can I do to feel better? 36.A. preferring 37.A. so 38.A.sadder 39.A. expanding 40.A. strength B.offering B.then B.angrier C.receiving C..but C. hungrier C.swinging C. C. walk C. top C. sight C. get C.take C.down D. C.on C .Without C. up D. D. range D.glance D. level D. reach D.allowing D or D.tastier D.pulling D.heigh
B. stretching B. length
41.A.jump 42.A. tip
B.look B. stage B. hand B. stand B. shake
43.A hope 44.A. put 45.A. break 46.A. up
B. forword B. with B. Through B. B. B. away beliefs imagoned
around D. of D.Upon
47.A.for 48.A. After 49.A. back 50.A. wishes 51.A. thought
D. down D. goals D. cliamed
C. efforts C.tried
52.A.Therefore 53.A. skilful 54. A. something 55.A．change
B.However B. cheerful B. anything
D.Otherwise D. helpful D.nothing
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A We know the famous ones—the Thomas Edisons and the Alexander Graham Bells —but what about the less famous inventors? What about the people who invented the traffic light and the windshield wiper(雨刮器)？ Shouldn’t we know who they are? Joan Mclean think so. In fact, Mclean, a professor of physics at Mountain University in Range, feels so strongly about this matter that she’s developed a course on the topic. In addition to learning “who”invented”what”, however, Mclean also likes her students to learn the answers to the”why” and ”how” questions. According to Mclean,”When students learn the answers to these questions, they are better prepared to recognize opportunities for inventing and more motivated to give inventing a try.” So,just what is the story behind the windshield wiper? Well,Mary Anderson came up with the idea in 1902 after a visit to Mew York City.The day was cold and stormy, but Anderson still wanted to see the sights ,so she jumped aboard a streetcar. Noticing that the driver was struggling to see through the snow covering the winshield,she found hersefe
wondering why there couldn’t be a buolt-in devic for cleaing the window. Still wondering about this when she returned home to Birmingham, Alabama, Anderson started drafting out solutions. One of her ideas, a lever(操 作杆)on the inside of a vehicle that would contral an arm on the outside, became the first windshield wiper. Today we benefit from countless inventions and innovations，It’s hard to imagine driving without Garrett A.Morgan’s traffic light. It’s equally impossible to picture a world without Katherine J.Blodgett’s innovation that makes glass invisible, Can you picture life without clear windows and eyeglasses? 56.By mentionong “traffic light”and “windshield wiper”,the author indicates that countless inventions are A.beneficial,because their inventors are famous B. beneficial,though their inventors are less famous .
C.not useful, because their inventors are less famous D. not useful, though their inventors are famous
57.Professor Joan McLean’s course aims to_____. A. add colour and variety to students’ campus life B. inform students of the windshield wiper’s invention C. carry out the requirements by Mountain University D. pre[are students to try theie own invention 58． Tommy Lee’ invention of the unbreakable umbrella was _________. s A. not eventually accepted by the umbrella producer B. inspired by the story behind the windshield wiper C. due to his dream of being caught in a rainstorm
D. not related to Professor Joan McLean’s lectures 59. Which 0f the following can best serve as the title of this passage? A B C D How to Help Students to Sell Their Inventions to Producers? How to Design a Built-in Dervice for Cleaning the Window? Shouldn’t We Know Who Inventd the Windshield Wiper? Shouldn’t We Develop Invention Courses in Universities?
60．Which of the following is discouraged by the Friends organization? A．To bulid massive complexes for public amusement.
B．To prevent possible damages to the National Park. C．To help protect and improve the Park for all to enjoy. D.To sponsor publicationsand projects in local school. 61. One of thebenefits for members of Friends is to A. have Friends’goods free of charge B. visit any place not open to the public C.take part in work parties if they want to D.give talks in their fields on current issues 62.The purpose of this poster is to invite more people to_______________. A. raise money for the Friends organization B. join the Friends organization and be members of it C. work as managers for Pembroke shire National Park D. enjoy the landscape of Pembroke shire National Park C According to the US government, wind farms off the Pacific coast could produce 900 gig watts of electricity every year.Unfortunately,the water there is far too deep for even the tallest windmills(see picture)to touch bottom. An experiment under way off the coast of Norway,however,could help put them anywhere. The project, called Hywind,is the world’s first large-scale deepwater wind turbine(涡轮发电机).Although it uses a fairly standard .
represents totally new technology. The turbine will be fixed 213 feet above the water on a floating spar(see picture),a technology Hywind’s creator,the Norwegian company StatoilHydro,has developed recently. The steel spar, which is filled with stones and goes 328 feet below the sea surface, will be tied to the ocean floor by three cable(缆索)；these will keep the spar stable and prevent the turbine from moving up and down in the waves.Hywind’s stability(稳定性)in the cold and rough sea would prove that even the deepest corners of the ocean are suitable for wind power. If all goes according to plan, the turbine will start producing electricity six miles off the coast of southwestern Norway as early as September. To produce electricity on a large scale, a commercial wind farm will have to use bigger turbines than Hywind does, but it’s difficult enough to balance such a large turbine so high on a floating spar in the middle of the ocean. To make that turbine heavier, the whole spar’s to design a new kind of wind turbine, one whose gearbox(变速箱) sits at sea level rather than behind the blades (see picture ) Hywind is a test run, but the benefits for perfecting floating wind-farm technology could be extremely large. Out at sea, the wind is
often stronger and steadier than close to shore, where all existing offshore windmills are planted. Deep-sea farms are invisible from land, which helps overcome the windmill-as-eyesore objection. If the technology catches on, it will open up vast areas of the planet’s surface to one of the best low-carbon power sources available. 63. The Hywind project uses totally new technology to ensure the stability of _______. A. the cables which tie the spar to the ocean floor B. the spar which is floating in deep-sea water C. the blades driven by strong and steady sea wind D. the stones filled in the spar below the sea surface 64. To balance a bigger turbine high on a flatting spar, a new type of turbine is to be designed with its gearbox sitting ____________. A. on the sea floor C. at sea level B. on the spar top D. behind the blades
65. Wide applications of deepwater wind power technology can ____________. A. solve the technical problems of deepwater windmills B. make financial profits by producing more turbines C. settle the arguments about environmental problems D. explore low-carbon power resources available at sea D Shay asked, “Do you think they’ll let me play?” Shay’s father knew that most of the boys would not want someone like Shay on their team, but the father also understood that if his son, mentally and physically
disabled, were allowed to play, it would give him a much-needed sense of belonging and some confidence. Shay’s father approached one of the boys on the field and asked if Shay could play, not expecting much. The boy looked around and said, “We’re losing by six runs (分) and the game is in the eighth inning (局).I guess he can be on our team and we’ll try to put him in to bat in the final inning. Shay struggled over to the team’s bench and put on a team shirt with a broad smile and his father had a small tear in his eye and warmth in heart. The boys saw the father’s joy at his son being accepted. In the bottom of the eighth inning, Shay’s team scored a few runs but was still behind by three. In the top of the final inning, Shay put on a glove and played in the field. Even though no hits came his way, he was obviously joyful just to be in the game and on the field. In the bottom of the final inning, Shay’s team scored again. Now, Shay was scheduled to be next at bat. Would they let Shay bat and give away their chance to win the game? Surprisingly, Shay was given the bat. Everyone knew that a hit was almost impossible. The first pitch (投) came and Shay missed. The pitcher again again took a few steps forward to throw the ball softly towards Shay. As the pitch came in , Shay swung at the ball and hit a slow ground ball right back to the pitcher. The pitcher could have easily thrown he ball to the first baseman and Shay would have been out and that would have been the end of the game .Instead, the pitcher threw the ball right over the head of the
first baseman, beyond the reach of all teammates, The audience and the players from both teams started screaming,“Shay, run to first! ”Never in his life had Shay ever run that far but made it to first base, wide-eyed and shocked.. Everyone should, “Run to second!” Catching his breath, Shay
awkwardly ran towards second.By the time Shay rounded towards second base, the smallest guy on their team,who had a chance to be the hero for his team fir the first time,could have thrown the ball to the second baseman, but he understood the pitcher’s intentions and he too intentionally
threw the ball high and far over the third baseman’s head. All were screaming， Shay， “ Shay， Shay， the way Shay.” Shay reached all third base when one opposing player ran to help him and shouted, “Shay, run to third.” As Shay rounded third, all were on their feet, crying, “Shay, run home！ ”Shay ran to home, stepped on the home base and was cheered as the hero who the who won the game for his team. That day, the boys from both teams helped bring a piece true love and humanity into this world. Shay didn’t make it to another summer and died that winter, having never forgotten being the hero and making his father so happy and coming home and seeing his mother tearfully hug her little hero of the day! 66.Not expecting much, Shay’s father still asked the boy if Shay could play, mainly because the father _________. A. noticed some of the boys on the field were heisting B. guessed his presence would affect the boy’s decision C. learned some of the boys on the field knew Shay well
D. understood Shay did need a feeling of being accepted 67. In the bottom of the final inning Shay was given the bat because the boys _________. A. believed they were sure to win the game B. would like to help Shay enjoy the game C. found Shay was so eager to be a winner D. fell forced to give Shay another chance 68. The smallest boy threw the ball high and far over the third baseman’s head, probably because that boy ________. A. was obviously aware of the pitcher’s purpose B. looked forward to winning the game for his team C. failed to throw the ball to the second baseman D. saw that Shay already reached second base 69. Which of the following has nothing to do with Shay’s becoming the hero for his team? A. The pitcher did not throw the ball to the first baseman. B. The audience and the players from both teams cheered for him. C. The opposing players failed to stop his running to home. D. One of the opposing players ran to help him. 70. What to you think is the theme of the story? A. True human nature could be realized in the way we treat each other. B. Everyone has his own strength even if mentally or physically disabled. C. Everyone can develop his team spirit in sports and please his parents.
D. The results of the game should not be the only concern of the players. 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个 ．． 最恰当的单词。 注意： 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 每个空格只填一个单词。 When Should a Leader Apologize and When Not? Why Difficult? When we wrong someone we know, even not intentionally, we are generally expected to apologize so as to improve the situation. But when we’re acting as leaders, the circumstances are different. The act of apology is carried out not merely at the level of the individual but also at the level of the institution. It is a performance in which every expression matters and every word becomes part of the public record. Refusing to apologize can be smart, or it can be stupid. So, readiness to apologize can be seen as a sign of strong character or as a sign of weakness. A successful apology can turn hate into personal and organizational harmony—while an apology that is too little, too late, or too obviously strategic can bring on individual and institutional ruin. What, then, is to be done? How can leaders decide if and when to apologize publicly? Why Now? The question of whether leaders should apologize publicly has never been more urgent. During the last decade or so, the United States in particular has developed an apology culture—apologies of all kinds and
for all sorts of wrongdoings are made far more frequently than before. More newspaper writers have written about the growing importance of public apologies. More articles, cartoons, advice columns, and radio and television programs have similarly dealt with the subject of private apologies. Why Bother? Why do we apologize? Why do we ever put ourselves in situations likely to be difficult, embarrassing, and even risky? Leaders who apologize publicly could be an easy target. They are expected to appear strong and capable. And whenever they make public statements of any kind, their individual and institutional reputations are in danger. Clearly, then, leaders should not apologize often or lightly. For a leader to express apology, there needs to be a good, strong reason. Leaders will publicly apologize if and when they think the costs of doing so are lower than the costs of not doing so. Why Refuse? Why is it that leaders so often refuse to apologize, even when a public apology seems to be in order? Their reasons can be individual or institutional. Because leaders are public figures, their apologies are likely to be personally uncomfortable and even professionally risky. Leaders may also be afraid that admission of a mistake will damage or destroy the organization for which they are responsible. There can be good reasons for hanging tough in tough situations, as we shall see, but it is a high-risk strategy.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 81.下面这幅照片展现了女儿为回家妈妈拿包的情景。 请 根据你对这幅照片的理解用英语写一篇短文。 你的短文应包含以下内容： 1. 描述照片内容，如情景、人物、动作，等等； 2. 结合自身实际，谈谈你的感想； 3. 举例说明你能为家长减负做些什么。 注意： 1. 可参照图中文字及下面文章开头所给提示，作必要的发挥想象。 ．．．． ．．．． 2. 词数 150 左右。开头已经写好，不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。
The burden of students has been a hot topic for years,but the load of parents has received little attention,especially from their own children.
第一部分（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 1.C 6.C 11.C 16.C 2.A 7.B 12.A 17.A 3.B 8.A 13.A 18.B 4.B 9.C 14.B 19.A 5.A 10.B 15.C 20.C
第二部分（共 35 小题，每小题 1 分，共 35 分） 21.A 25.C 30.D 26.D 31.B 22.B 27.C 32.A 37.C 42.C 47.B 52.B 23.D 28.A 33.D 38.C 43.D 48.B 53.D 24.A 29.B 34.B 39.B 44.B 49.B 54.D
35.C 36.A 40.B 45.A 41.A 46.D
50.C 51.A 55.A
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共5 小题;每小题1 分,满分5分) 听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. ￡19. 15. 答案是B。 1. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. In a bookstore. A. 7:20. B. In a classroom. B. 7:15. C. In a library. C. 7:00. C. A radio programmed. C. Go shopping. 2. At what time will the film begin? 3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. Their friend Jane. B. A weekend trip. 4. What will the woman probably do? A. Catch a train. B. See the man off. 5. Why did the woman apologize? A. She made a late delivery. B. She went to the wrong place. C. She couldn’t take the cake back. 第二节 (共15 小题;每小题1 分,满分15 分) 听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟; 听完 后,各小题给出5 秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。听第6 段材料,回答第6、7 题。 6. Whose CD is broken? A. Kathy’s. A. Buy her a new CD. B. Mum’s. B. Do some cleaning. C. Jack’s. C. Give her 10 dollars. 7. What does the boy promise to do for the girl? B. ￡9. 15. C. ￡9. 18.
听第7 段材料,回答第8、9 题。 8. What did the man think of the meal? A. Just so. A. The food. B. Quite satisfactory. B. The drinks. C. A bit disappointing. C. The service. 9. What was the 15% on the bill paid for? 听第8 段材料,回答第10 至12 题。 10. Why is the man at the shop? A. To order a camera for his wife B. To have a camera repaired. C. To get a camera changed. 11. What color does the man want? A. Pink. B. Black. C. Orange. 12. What will the man do afterwards? A. Make a phone call. B. Wait until further notice. C. Come again the next day. 听第9 段材料,回答第13 至16 题。 13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday? A. Go to a play. A. Attend a party. A. To call up Betty. A. Classmates. B. Stay at home. B. Meet her aunt. B. To buy some DVDs. B. Fellow workers. C. Visit Kingston. C. See a car show. C. To pick up Daniel. C. Guide and tourist. 14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto? 15. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave? 16. What might be the relationship between the speakers? 听第10 段材料,回答第17 至20 题。 17. Where does Thomas Manning work? A. In the Guinness Company. A. A bird-shooting trip. A. In 1875. B. In 1950. B. At a radio station. B. A visit to Europe. C. In 1955. C. In a museum. C. A television talk show. 18. Where did the idea of a book of records come from? 19. When did Sir Hugh’s first book of records appear? 20. What are the two speakers going to talk about next? A. More records of unusual facts. B. The founder of the company. C. The oldest person in the world.
第二部分: 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分35 分)
第一节: 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分) 请认真阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是B。 21. — can I help you with it? — I appreciate your _______, but I can manage it myself. A. advice B. question C. offer D. idea 22. After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, _______urgently needed clean water, Medicine and shelter to survive. A. which A. either B. who B. another C. where C. neither D. what D. none 23. Sophia waited for a reply, but _______came. 24. — don’t worry, Mum. The doctor said it was only the flu. —_______! I’ll tell Dad there’s nothing serious. A. What a relief A. is there B. Congratulations B. isn’t there C. How surprising C. is he D. I’m so sorry D. isn’t he 25. There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, _______? 26. — OK, I’ve had enough of it. I give up. — You can’t _______your responsibilities. A. run off with A. when A. mustn’t B. run up against B. that B. shouldn’t C. run out of D. run away from 27. The notice came around two in the afternoon_______ the meeting would be postponed. C. whether D. how C. wouldn’t D. mightn’t 28. Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but _______say where he was. 29. — Thank God you’re safe! — I stepped back, just _______ to avoid the racing car. A. in time A. so that later. A. Based business partners. A. would meet B. is meeting C. meets D. had met 33. — Honey, the cat’s stuck in the tree. Can you turn off the TV and get a ladder . . . ? B. Basing C. Base D. To base 32. The manager is said to have arrived back from Paris where he _______ some European B. in case B. no matter how C. in needs C. as long as D. in vain D. except that 30. One’s life has value _______ one brings value to the life of others. 31. _______an important decisions more on emotion than on reason, you will regret it sooner or
— Oh, it jumped off. _______. A. Never mind A. has started 35. — Happy birthday! — thank you! It’s the best present I _______ for. A. should have wished B. must have wished C. may have wished 第二节: 完形填空(共20 小题; 每小题1 分, 满分20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The concept of solitude (独处) in the digital world is almost non-existent. In the world of digital technology, e-mail, social networking and online video games, information is meant to be____36___. Solitude can be hard to discover ___37____it has been given up. In this respect, new Technologies have ___38____our culture. The desire to be connected has brought solitude to a (n) ___39____as we’ve known it. People have become so ___40____in the world of networks and connections that one can often be contacted ____41___they’d rather not be. Today we can talk, text, e-mail, chat and blog (写 博客), not only from our ___42____, but from our mobile phones as well. Most developed nations have become ___43____on digital technology simply because they’ve grown accustomed to it, and at this point not ___44____it would make them an outsider. ___45____, many jobs and careers require people to be ___46____. From this point of view, technology has changed the culture of work. Being reachable might feel like a ___47____to those who may not want to be able to be contacted at all times. I suppose the positive side is that solitude is still possible for anyone who ___48____wants it. Computers can be shut ___49____and mobile phones can be turned off. The ability to be “connected” and “on” has many ___50____, as well as disadvantages. Travelers have ended up ___51____on Mountains, and mobile phones have saved countless lives. They can also make people feel ___52____and forced to answer unwanted calls or___53____to unwanted texts. Attitudes towards our connectedness as a society ___54____ across generations. Some find today’s technology a gift. Others consider it a curse. Regardless of anyone’s view on the subject, it’s hard to imagine what life would be like ___55____daily advancements in technology. 36. A. updated 37. A. though 38. A. respected B. received B. until B. shaped C. shared C. once C. ignored D. collected D. before D. preserved D. could have wished B. All right B. starts C. No problem C. started D. Take care D. will start 34. The president hopes that the people will be better off when he quits than when he_______.
39. A. edge 40. A. sensitive 41. A. even if 42. A. media 43. A. bent 44. A. finding 45. A. Also 46. A. connected 47. A. pleasure 48. A. slightly 49. A. out 50. A. aspects 51. A. hidden 52. A. trapped 53. A. turn 54. A. vary 55. A. beyond
B. stage B. intelligent B. only if B. computers B. hard B. using B. Instead B. trained B. benefit B. hardly B. down B. weaknesses B. lost B. excited B. submit B. arise B. within
C. end C. considerate C. as if C. databases C. keen C. protecting C. Otherwise C. recommended C. burden C. merely C. up C. advantages C. relaxed C. confused C. object C. spread C. despite
D. balance D. reachable D. if only D. monitors D. dependent D. changing D. Somehow D. interested D. disappointment D. really D. in D. exceptions D. deserted D. amused D. reply D. exist D. without
第三部分: 阅读理解(共15 小题; 每小题2 分, 满分30 分)
请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
56. According to the survey, people left alone on a desert island would most want their__________.
A. MP3 player
C. spouse/ partner
57. Which of the following is true about George Clooney? A. He has been trained in wilderness survival. C. He does not think Roseanne is beautiful. women. 58. The survey results are analyzed in terms of the respondents’ __________. A. sex, age and nationality C. marriage, age and race B. race, nationality and sex D. age, sex and marriage B. He may not be able to help you survive. D. He is the choice of most South African
Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Kerrigan sees an epidemic (流行病) sweeping across America’s farmland. It has little to do with the usual challenges, such as flood, rising fuel prices And crop-eating insects. The country’s farmers are getting older, and there are fewer people standing in line to take their place. National agricultural census (普查) figures show that the fastest-growing group of farmers is the part over 65. Kerrigan is afraid the average age will be even higher when the 2012 statistics are completed. Kerrigan, a former college professor, is making stops at universities across the country in hopes of encouraging more students to think about careers in agriculture. Aside from trying to stop the graying of America’s farmers, her work is made tougher by a recent blog posting that put agriculture at No. 1 on a list of “useless” college degrees. Top federal agriculture officials are talking about the posting, and it has the attention of agricultural organizations across the country. “There couldn’t be anything that’s more incorrect,” Kerrigan said. “We know that there aren’t enough qualified graduates to fill the jobs that are out there in American agriculture.” In addition, a growing world population that some experts predict will require 70% more food Production by 2050, she said. “I truly believe we’re at a golden age of agriculture. Global demand is at an all-time record High, and global supplies are at all-time record lows,” said Matt Rush, director of the Texas Farm Bureau. “Production costs are going to be valuable enough that younger people are going to have the opportunity to be involved in agriculture.” The Department of Agriculture has programs aimed at developing more farmers and at increasing interest in locally grown food. The National Young Farmers’ Coalition has also been pushing for state and federal policy changes to make it easier for new farmers.
Ryan Best, president of Future Farmers of America, has been living out of a suitcase, traveling The country and visiting with high school students about careers in agriculture. The 21-year-old Best Hopes his message—that this is a new time in agriculture—will motivate the next generation to turn Around the statistics. “Never before have we had the innovations (创新) in technology which have Led to agriculture in this country being the most efficient it has ever been,” he said. “There’s really a place for everybody to fit in.” 59. What is the new challenge to American agriculture? A. Fewer and older farmers. C. More natural disasters. B. Higher fuel prices. D. Lower agricultural output.
60. Why is Kerrigan visiting universities across the country? A. To draw federal agriculture officials’ attention. B. To select qualified agriculture graduates. C. To clarify a recent blog posting. D. To talk more students into farming careers. 61. According to Matt Rush, American agriculture will provide opportunities for younger people because__________... A. the government will cover production costs B. global food supplies will be even lower C. investment in agriculture will be profitable D. America will increase its food export 62. What do the underlined words “to turn around the statistics” in the last paragraph mean? A. To re-analyze the result of the national census. B. To increase agricultural production. C. To bring down the average age of farmers. D. To invest more in agriculture.
Medical drugs sometimes cause more damage than they cure. One solution to this problem is to Put the drugs inside a capsule, protecting them from the body—and the body from them—until they Can be released at just the right spot. There are lots of ways to trigger (引发) this release,
including changing temperature, acidity, and so on. But triggers can come with their own risks—burns, for example. Now, researchers in California have designed what could be a harmless trigger to date: shining near-infrared light (NIR, 近红外线) on the drug in the capsule. The idea of using light to liberate the drug in the capsule isn’t new. Researchers around the globe have developed polymers (聚合物) and other materials that begin to break down when they absorb either ultraviolet (UV, 紫外线) or visible light. But tissues also readily absorb UV and Visible light, which means the drug release, can be triggered only near the skin, where the light can Reach the capsule. NIR light largely passes through tissues, so researchers have tried to use it as a Trigger. But few compounds (化合物) absorb NIR well and go through chemical changes. That changed last year when Adam Salutary, a chemist at the University of California, San Diego, reported that she and her colleagues had designed a polymer that breaks down when it Absorbs NIR light. Their polymer used a commercially available NIR-absorbing group called O-nitro benzyl (ONB). When they catch the light, ONB groups fall off the polymer, leading to its Breakdown. But ONB is only a so-so NIR absorber, and it could be poisonous to cells when it Separates from the polymer. So Salutary and her colleagues reported creating a new material for capsules that’s even better. This one consists of a long chain of compounds called cresol groups linked in a polymer. Cresol contains reactive(易反应的) components that make it highly unstable in its polymeric form, a feature Salutary and her colleagues use to their advantage. After polymerizing the cresols, they cap each reactive component with a light-absorbing compound called Bah. When the Bucks absorb NIR light, the reactive groups are exposed and break the long polymer into two short chains. Shining additional light continues this breakdown, potentially releasing any drugs in the capsule. What’s more, Salutary says, Bah is 10 times better at absorbing NIR than is ONB and is not poisonous to cells. 63. According to the passage, which of the following could be the best trigger? A. Temperature change. B. NIR light. C. Acidity change. 64. Why is ONB unsatisfactory? A. It breaks down when it absorbs NIR light. B. It falls off the polymer and triggers drug release. C. It has not come onto the market up till now. D. It is not effective enough and could be poisonous. D. UV light.
65. Which word can be used to complete the following process of changes? A. protected B. formed C. exposed D. combined
Franz Kafka wrote that “a book must be the ax (斧子) for the frozen sea inside us. ”I once Shared this sentence with a class of seventh graders, and it didn’t seem to require any explanation. We’d just finished John Steinbeck’s novel Of Mice and Men. When we read the end together out loud in class, my toughest boy, a star basketball player, wept a little, and so did I. “Are you crying?” one girl asked, as she got out of her chair to take a closer look. “I am,” I told her, “and The funny thing is I’ve read it many times.” But they understood. When George shoots Lonnie, the tragedy is that we realize it was always Going to happen. In my 14 years of teaching in a New York City public middle school, I’ve taught Kids with imprisoned parents, abusive parents, irresponsible parents; kids who are parents Themselves; kids who are homeless; kids who grew up in violent neighborhoods. They understand, more than I ever will, the novel’s terrible logic—the giving way of dreams to fate (命运). For the last seven years, I have worked as a reading enrichment teacher, reading classic works Of literature with small groups of students from grades six to eight. I originally proposed this idea to My headmaster after learning that a former excellent student of mine had transferred out of a selective high school—one that often attracts the literary-minded children of Manhattan’s upper classes—into a less competitive setting. The daughter of immigrants, with a father in prison, she perhaps felt Uncomfortable with her new classmates. I thought additional “cultural capital” could help students Like her develop better in high school, where they would unavoidably meet, perhaps for the first Time, students who came from homes lined with bookshelves, whose parents had earned Ph. Do’s. Along with Of Mice and Men, my groups read: Sounder, the Red Pony, Lord of the Flies, Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth. The students didn’t always read from the expected point of
view. About The Red Pony, one student said, “it’s about being a man, it’s about manliness.”I had never before seen the parallels between Scarface and Macbeth, nor had I heard Lady Macbeth’s soliloquies (独白) read as raps (说唱), but both made sense; the interpretations were playful, but serious. Once introduced to Steinbeck’s writing, one boy went on to read The Grapes of Wrath and told me repeatedly how amazing it was that “all these people hate each other, and they’re all white.” His historical view was broadening, his sense of his own country deepening. Year after year, former students visited and told me how prepared they had felt in their first year in college as a result of the classes. Year after year, however, we are increasing the number of practice tests. We are trying to teach students to read increasingly complex texts, not for emotional punch (碰撞) but for text Complexity. Yet, we cannot enrich (充实) the minds of our students by testing them on texts that Ignore their hearts. We are teaching them that words do not amaze but confuse. We may succeed in Raising test scores, but we will fail to teach them that reading can be transformative and that it Belongs to them. 66. The underlined words in Paragraph 1 probably mean that a book helps to __________... A. realize our dreams C. smooth away difficulties B. give support to our life D. awake our emotions
67. Why were the students able to understand the novel Of Mice and Men? A. Because they spent much time reading it. B. Because they had read the novel before. C. Because they came from a public school. D. Because they had similar life experiences. 68. The girl left the selective high school possibly because__________... A. she was a literary-minded girl C. she couldn’t fit in with her class A. creatively B. passively B. her parents were immigrants D. her father was then in prison C. repeatedly D. carelessly
69. To the author’s surprise, the students read the novels__________... 70. The author writes the passage mainly to__________... A. introduce classic works of literature B. advocate teaching literature to touch the heart C. argue for equality among high school students D. defend the current testing system
第四部分: 任务型阅读(共10 小题;每小题1 分,满分10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 “Happiness Advantage” Effect In July 2010 Burt’s Bees, a personal-care products company, was going through enormous Change as it began a global expansion into 19 new countries. In this kind of high-pressure situation, Many leaders bother their assistants with frequent meetings or flood their in-boxes with urgent Demands. In doing so, managers lift everyone’s anxiety level, which activates the part of the brain that processes threats and steals resources from the prefrontal cortex ( 大脑皮层), which is Responsible for effective problem solving. Burt’s Beas’s then-CEO, John Wolfgang, took a different approach. Each day, he’d send out an E-mail praising a team member for work related to global marketing. He’d interrupt his own Presentations to remind his managers to talk with their teams about the company’s values. He asked Me to further a three-hour session with employees on happiness in the course of the expansion effort. As one member of the senior team told me a year later, Wolfgang’s emphasis on developing positive Leadership kept his managers actively involved and loyal as they successfully transformed the Company into a global one. That outcome shouldn’t surprise us. Research shows that when people work with a positive mind-set (思维模式), performance on nearly every level—productivity, creativity, involvement— Improves. Yet happiness is perhaps the most misunderstood driver of performance. For one, most People believe that success comes before happiness. “Once I get a promotion, I’ll be happy,” they Think. Or, “Once I hit my sales target, I’ll feel great.” But because success is a moving target—as Soon as you hit your target, you raise it again—the happiness that results from success does not last
Long. In fact, it works the other way around: People who have a positive mind-set perform better in The face of challenge. I call this the “happiness advantage”—every business outcome shows Improvement when the brain is positive. I’ve observed this effect in my role as a researcher and Lecturer in 48 countries on the connection between employee happiness and success. And I’m not Alone: In an analysis of 225 academic studies, researchers found strong evidence of cause-and-effect Relationship between life satisfaction and successful business outcomes. Another common misunderstanding is that our genetics, our environment, or a combination of The two determines how happy we are. To be sure, both factors have an impact. But one’s general Sense of well-being is surprisingly unstable. The habits you form, the way you interact with Colleagues, how you think about stress—all these can be managed to increase your happiness and Your chances of success.
第五部分: 书面表达(满分25 分)
81. 生活中冲突时有发生。假设你班同学苏华和李江打篮球时发生争执,导致关系紧张。请 你结合此事,并根据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文,向学校英文报“Happy Teens冶专栏投稿。
简要描述事情的经过 分析发生冲突的原因 谈谈避免冲突的做法
打篮球、碰撞、争执,等等 1. 遇事不够冷静2. …… (请考生根据自己的经历或感想,提出至少两种做法)
注意: 1. 对所有要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2. 词数150 左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。 Conflicts with others are common in everyday life.
第一部分(共20 小题,每小题1 分,共20 分) 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. B 8. B 9. C 10. C 11. A 12. B 13. B 14. A 15. C 16. B 17. A 18. A 19. C 20. A 第二部分(共35 小题,每小题1 分,共35 分) 21. C 22. B 23. D 24. A 25. A 26. D 27. B 28. C 29. A 30. C 31. B 32. D 33. A 34. C 35. D 36. C 37. C 38. B 39. C 40. D 41. A 42. B 43. D 44. B 45. A 46. A 47. C 48. D 49. B 50. C 51. B 52. A 53. D 54. A 55. D 第三部分(共15 小题,每小题2 分,共30 分) 56. C 57. B 58. A 59. A 60. D 61. C 62. C 63. B 64. D 65. C 66. D 67. D 68. C 69. A 70. B 第四部分(共10 小题,每小题1 分,共10 分) 71. bother/ annoy 72. anxiety/ concern/ worry 73. considerate/ aware/ conscious 74. loyal/ faithful/ devoted/ committed 75. Difference 76. Positively 77. Success/ achievements 78. Strongly 79. Determined/ decided 80. Chances/ possibilities/ opportunities 第五部分(满分25 分) 81. Conflicts with others are common in everyday life. During the basketball game yesterday afternoon, Su Hue and Li Jiang bumped into each other, trying to catch the ball. Then they started Shouting and yelling, and it turned into a horrible quarrel. To be honest, it was Su爷s fault but Li was also to blame—they were not calm enough and both said some really mean things. They cared too much about winning and losing. As a matter
of fact, blocking, pushing and bumping are just part of a tough game. To avoid such conflicts, we should be kind to one another, which is essential to enjoying a Harmonious life. It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and Stressful society. Instead of blaming each other, we should communicate more and put ourselves in Others’ place. Don’t be self-centered and try to be considerate. We must learn to handle conflicts calmly and Wisely.
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