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高考常用介词搭配速记


高考常用介词搭配速记 1.above all 首先,最重要的是,尤其是 Above all, you must collect the necessary materials. 首先,你必须把必要的资料搜 集起来。 A clock must above all be exact. 时钟最重要的是必须准确。 2.after all 毕竟,终究

Don’t bl

ame him. After all, he is a child. 不要责备他,毕竟他还是个孩子。 It has turned out to be a nice day after all. 天气终于转晴了。 3.ahead of time 提前

They finished the task ahead of time. 他们提前完成了任务。 4.all of a sudden 忽然,突然,出乎意料地

All of a sudden, a monkey rushed out from the bush near the path. 突然,一只猴子 从路旁的灌木丛中窜了出来。 5.all over 到处,遍及 She looked all over for the lost book. 她到处找那本丢了的书。 Soon the news spread all over the world. 不久消息就传遍了全世界。 6.apart from 除??以外(别无,尚有)

All the children like music apart from Bobby. 除了博比外所有的孩子都喜欢音乐。 Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. 除了很少的几句外,我对法 语一无所知。 7.as a matter of fact 事实上,其实 其实我对这本书一无所知。

As a matter of fact, I know nothing about this book.

He didn't go to see the film as a matter of fact. 实际上他没有去看电影。 8.as a result 因此,作为结果

He studied hard last term and, as a result, he passed the examination.上学期他学 习很用功,结果考试及格了。

I was caught in the rain on my way home. As a result I had a bad cold. 我在回家 的路上遇到大雨,结果得了重感冒。 9.as a result of 作为??的结果,由于 As a result of the bad weather, the sports meeting was put off. 由于天气不好,运 动会延期举行。 10.as a rule 通常,多半,照例 As a rule, our academic year begins early in September. 我们的学年通常在九月初 开始。 As a rule we only send our regular people upstairs. 我们通常只派正式工到楼上(工 作) 。 11.as for/to 至于,关于 As for the others, they don't count (they have no importance). 至于别人,都算不 了什么(或无关紧要) 。 I could stay for one day or two days, but as for staying for a week, it would be out of the question. 我可能停留一二日,至于耽搁一星期之久,那是不可能的。 12.as usual 像往常一样,照例 My mother is as healthy as usual. 我母亲与平常一样健康。

As usual, he was the last to leave the classroom.和往常一样,他最后一个离开教室。 13.at a loss 不知所措,困惑;亏本地 When asked who invented the first computer, all the students were at loss. 当被 问及是谁发明第一台电脑时,所有学生都茫然不知所措。 If you buy a house for 22,000 pounds and sell it for 20,000 pounds, you are selling at a loss.如果你买房时花了二万二千英磅,卖时卖了二万英镑,那么就赔钱了。 14.at all costs 不惜任何代价,无论如何 They decided to rescue the old house at all costs. 他们决定不惜一切代价拯救那所 老房子。 15.at first 起先,最初

The minister at first declined to make any comments on the dispute between the two nations, but later she agreed. 部长起初拒绝对两国间的争端发表任何评论,但后来 她同意了。 At first it was very hot, but then it got cooler. 一开始天挺热,但后来变凉了。 16.at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 They fell in love with each other at first sight. 他们一见钟情。 At first sight of the picture, I just think my lovely homeland. 一看到这幅图画, 我就想到我可爱的故乡。 17.at hand 近在手边,在附近 Spring was at hand. 春天快到了。 He is always at hand to help me. 他随时在近旁帮助我。 18.at last 终于 We had a long journey by train then at last we reached Aberdeen.我们乘火车走了很 长时间后,终于到了阿勃迪恩。 Did the man in the shop understand him at last? 这位店员最后理解他的话了吗? 19.at least 至少,无论如何 China Daily says the accidents caused at least 248 deaths and 340 injuries. 《中 国日报》报道说,这次事故至少造成248人死亡,340人受伤。 There were at least fifty people attending the party yesterday. 至少有五十个人参 加了昨天的聚会。 20.at length 最后,终于;详细地 The lost boy met his own mother at length. 那个丢失的孩子最后又见到了他的亲生母 亲。 Can you tell me your plan at length? 你能详细地谈一下你的计划吗? 21.at most 至多,不超过 Don’t worry. It is at most a mistake. 别担心,这顶多不过是个错误。

The little girl is five at most. But she is popular with her teacher.这个小女孩 至多5岁。 但她很会博得老师的喜爱。 22.at no time 从不,决不 At no time in his life has he shown more courage than in that case.他一生中从来 没有象那一回那样勇敢。 23.at once 同时;曾经;一度 We have to start at once., or we’ll be late for the meeting. 我们必须马上出发, 否则我们开会就会晚了。 I can't do two things at once. 我不能同时做两件事。 24.at present 现在,目前 At present, he is on holiday. 目前,他正在度假。 The book is not available at present. 这本书目前没有货。 25.at the cost of 以??为代价 He saved the child at the cost of his own life. 他为了拯救这个小孩,而牺牲了自 己的生命。 26.at the same time 同时;然而,不过 It is impossible that watching television and doing your homework can be at the same time? 看电视和做功课能同时进行 是不可能的。 She didn't like to spend any more money. At the same time, she wanted to go on the trip. 她不喜欢再花钱,但是她想去旅行。 27.at times 有时,不时,间或 I like Bob but he's very annoying at times. 我喜欢鲍勃,但是他有时也很烦人。 My aunt lives far away from our house, but she calls on me at times. 我姑姑住得 离我家很远,但是她有时来看我。 28.because of 因为,由于

My brother is often absent from work because of illness. 我哥哥常因患病而缺勤。 The train was late because of the fog. 火车晚点是由于有雾的缘故。 29.before long 不久(以后) Before long, he was successful in work out the worldwide problem. 不久,他成功地 解决了这一世界性的难题。 30.beyond question 毫无疑问,确定无疑 It is beyond question that she is not more than 20 years old. 毫无疑问,他还不超 过20岁。

31.by accident 偶然 I found the key by accident when I was cleaning the room.我在打扫房间时,偶然找 到了钥匙。 32.by all means 尽一切办法;一定,务必 Make sure that you should try your best to finish the project by all means. 你 无论如何要确保尽力完成这项工程。 I'll buy you an English reader by all means. 我一定给你买本英语读本。 By all means keep looking until you find her. 你务必注意看着,直到找到她为止。 33.by chance 偶然;意外地,碰巧 It came to my ears by chance. 我偶然听到它。 I met Comrade Yu by chance last Sunday afternoon. 上星期天下午我偶然遇到余同志。 34.by means of 用,依靠 The thief got into the house by means of a ladder. 窃贼用梯子爬进了房子。 I found my bike by means of a notice in the newspaper. 我借助报纸上的一则广告而 找到我的自行车。 35.by mistake 错误地,无意中(做了某件错事) Maybe somebody took it by mistake. 可能有人错拿了。

36.by no means 决不,并没有 Galileo was by no means the first person to use a telescope. 伽利略决不是第一个 使用望远镜的人。 She is by no means wanting in courage. 她决不缺乏勇气。 37.by the way 顺便地;附带说说 By the way, have you got down to comply with the problem concerned. 顺便问一下, 你已经着手处理人们关心的问题了吗? 38.for ever 永远;永久地 Dr. Bethune will live for ever in the memory of the Chinese people. 白求恩大夫永 远活在中国人民的心中。 She explained to her that she wouldn't stay here for ever. 她向她解释说她不能老 是呆在这里。 39.for instance 例如,比如 He's a brave boy, for instance, he saved a little girl by jumping into the cold river. 他是个勇敢的孩子,例如,他曾跳进很冷的河流中去救了一个小女孩。 He's a greedy boy, yesterday, for instance, he ate all our biscuits! 他是个贪吃 的孩子——比如,他昨天把我们的饼干都吃了! 40.for the moment/present 暂时;目前

I am sorry, I can’t give you a reply to you at the moment. 对不起,目前我还不能 给你答复。 41.for the sake of 为了,为了??的利益 I will help you for the sake of(=because of) our old friendship. 为了我们的长久 友谊,我愿意帮助你。 We must work hard for the sake of the people. 我们要为人民努力工作。 42.from time to time 有时;不时 We get letters from our uncle from time to time. 我们不时收到叔叔的来信。 I only go to the cinema from time to time. 我只是偶而去看看电影。

43.from now on 今后,从今以后 From now on I will try to do better. 从今以后我要努力去做。 This is the last time I go with you, from now on you must go alone. 这是最后一 次我陪你了,以后你得自已去了。 44.in a hurry 匆忙;很快地;急于 He left the bird in a hurry. 他匆忙离开鸟群。 I can't stop because I m in a hurry. 我不能停下来因为我正忙着哩。 45.in a moment 立即,马上 I'll be with you in a moment. 我很快就去你那边。 He will have the machine repaired in a moment. 他一会儿就会让人把机器修好了。 46.in a sense 从某种意义上说 In a sense, what he said was right. 从某种意义上说,他所说的是对的。 47.in a/one word 简言之,总之,一句话 In a word, practice is far more important than book knowledge. 一句话,实践远比 书本知识重要。 In a word, he is tired of discussing the troublesome things. 总之,他厌倦了讨论 这种厌烦的事情。 48.in addition 另外,加之 When Diane fell, she hurt her arm and, in addition, broke her glasses. 黛安妮摔 倒时,摔伤了胳臂,还摔坏了眼镜。 In addition, we should pay more attention to the air pollution. 另外,我们应当关 注大气污染问题。 49.in addition to 除??之外(还) In addition to his homework, he did many exercises. 除了家庭作业外,他还做了许 多习题。 In addition to English, he has to study a second foreign language. 除英语外,他

还要学第二外语。 50.in advance 预先,事先 If you want to get the book, you must pay for it in advance. 如果你要买这本书, 你得先付款。 H.G. Wells was in advance of his times. H·G·威尔斯超过了他的同代人。 51.in all 总共,合计 There are sixty students in our class in all. 我们班总共有60名学生。 52.in any case 无论如何,总之 In any case, it’s a waste of time in arguing these matters once again. 无论如何, 再次争论这些事情就是浪费时间。 I shall be going there in any case. 我反正是要到那里去的。 53. in case 以防;可能;倘若 Take an umbrella with you in case it rains.随身带把伞以防天下雨。 54.in case of 假使??,如果发生??,防备 In case of the fire, they can't be allowed to stay there any longer. 万一发生火 灾,他们就不能再呆在那里了。 In case of fire you can ring the number 119. 万一发生火灾,你可以拨打119。 55.in charge of 主管,负责 The chief engineer was in charge of directing the building of the subway. 主任工 程师负责指挥地铁的建造工程。 56.in common 共用的,共有的 Wang Ping has a lot in common with me. 王平和我有许多共同之处。 57.in consequence of 结果,因此 Commerce is paralyzed in consequence of a severe earthquake. 由于严重的地震,商 业瘫痪了。 58.in debt 欠债,欠情

His family was always in debt.他家总是债务缠身。 He's in debt to the bank because he bought that big house. 他因买下那座大房子而 欠银行的债。 59.in detail 详细地 Give me all the details of the accident — tell me what happened in detail. 给我说说事故发生的详情,详细告诉我发生了什么事。 60.in difficulty 处境困难 When I met John at London, he was in difficulty.我在伦敦遇到约翰的时候,他处境艰难 61.in favor of 赞同??,支持?? I am in favor of stopping work now. 我赞成现在停止工作。 62.in future 今后,从今以后 Can you imagine what will happened in future? 你能想象到今后会发生什么事情吗? 63.in general 一般来说,大体上 I like games in general, and especially football. 各种运动我一般都喜欢,尤其是足 球。 I am glad to find myself in general accord with your opinions.我很高兴地发现我的 意见与你的看法基本一致。 64.in hand (工作等)正在进行中;待办理 Worried,I have a lot of problems to deal with in hand. 我很着急,因为我手头有许 多问题要处理。 65.in honor of 向??表示敬意;为纪念 I have cooked a special meal in honor of our visitors. 我做了一道特殊的菜向我们 的来客表示敬意。 66.in memory of 以纪念??,为了纪念?? The Korean people set up a monument in memory of Comrade Luo Shengjiao. 朝鲜人民 立了一个纪念碑纪念罗盛教同志。

He wrote the poem in memory of his friend. 他为怀念他的朋友而写了那首诗。 67.in no case 决不,无论如何不 In no case can you give up your dream. 你决不能丢掉梦想。 68.in no way 一点也不;决不 In no way can you give away the secret. 你决不能把这个秘密泄露出去。 69.in order to 为了??,以??为目的 In order to catch the train, she hurried through her work. 为了赶火车,她匆匆做 完了她的工作。 Every day she listens to English over the radio in order to improve her pronunciation. 她每天听英语广播,为了提高英语发音水平。 70.in other words 也就是说,换句话说 Joe doesn't like work -- in other words, he's lazy! 乔不爱劳动——换句话说,他 懒惰! He has been working too much, and is not at all well. In other words, he needs a holiday. 他近来工作过度,身体也不大好,也就是说,他需要休假。 71.in particular 特别地;尤其 I like one of the magazines in particular. 我特别喜欢其中的一本杂志。 Why did you choose that one in particular? 你为什么特别挑了那一个呢? 72.in place of 代替,取代,交换 Who is here in place of the manager? 谁在这里代理经理? Sebastian became captain in place of Miles who had broken his leg. 迈尔斯的腿骨 折了,塞巴斯蒂安代替他当了船长。 73.in practice 在实践中;在不断练习中 It seems to be a good plan. But will it be any good in practice? 看来这是个好方 案。不过在实践中行得通(或有用)吗? 74. in quantity(=in large quantities)大量

He collected a quantity (quantities) of old pictures. 他收集了大量的旧画。 The government has been buying silver in great quantities. 政府一直在购进大量白 银。 75.in relation to 关于,涉及,有关 The fee they are offering is in relation to the amount of work involved. 他们所 提供的薪酬与所需的工作量有关。 76.in return 作为报答;作为回报 She presented me a dictionary in return. 她送给我一本词典作为答谢。 77.in return for 作为??的交换;作为??的报答 She presented me a dictionary in return for my help. 她送给我一本词典作为对我帮 助的答谢。 78.in short 总之,简言之 This book is in short the best I've read. 总而言之,这本书是我读过的最好的一本。 79.in sight of 被见到,看得见;在望,在即 We were in sight of land after three days’ voyage. 经过三天的航行,我们已看见 陆地。 80.in spite of 不管,不顾 He keeps working in spite of his illness. 他不顾有病坚持工作。 In spite of all this discomforts, the Curies worked on. 居里夫妇不顾这一切困难 不便,继续工作着。 81.in the distance 在远处 I could see the bus coming in the distance. 我看见公共汽车从远处开来了。 82.in the end 最后,终于 In the end, Liuxiang succeeded in winning the first place at the 100-metre hurdle race. 最终,刘翔在百米跨栏赛跑中成功卫冕冠军。 83.in the light of 鉴于,由于;按照,根据

He rewrote the book in the light of further research. 他根据进一步的研究重写了那 本书。 84.in the way 挡道的,妨碍人的,使人不便的 We couldn’t enter the yard because a truck was in the way. 我们不能进入那个庭院 因为一辆卡车挡着道。 85.in the world 到底,究竟 Nothing in the world would please me better. 世界上再也没有什么能使我更满意了。 What in the world are you going to be? 你将来到底打算干什么? 86.in time 及时;最后,终于 In time, however, his gold medals changed her life.然而,最终她的奖牌改变了她的 命运。 Swimming is difficult but you'll learn in time. 游泳不好学,但你迟早会学会的。 87.in touch with 与??有联系,有??的消息 We have been in touch with each other for three years. 我们彼此联系已经有三年了。 88.in turn 依次,轮流;反过来 The teacher helped all the children in turn. 老师一个接一个地辅导那些学生。 If you smile to others, they will smile to you in turn. 如果你冲着别人笑,别人反 过来也会冲着你笑。 89.in vain 徒劳,白辛苦;不尊敬地 The police tried in vain to break up the protest crowds. 警察企图驱散抗议的人群, 但没有成功。 All our work was in vain. 我们所有的工作都白费了。 90.instead of 代替,而不是?? Instead of watching TV, I have to finish my homework on time. 我必须按时完成我的 作业,不能外出 We'll have tea in the garden instead of in the house.我们将改在花园喝茶,而不在屋里喝。

91.of course 当然,自然 He has a lot of money, so of course, he has an expensive car.他很有钱,因此,他理 所当然地拥有一辆昂贵的汽车。 ---Do you want to lose the game? 你想输掉这场比赛吗? ---Of course not.当然不想。 92.off duty 下班 We’ll be off duty at five o’clock this afternoon. 我们今天下午五点下班。 93.on a large scale 大规模地 They are preparing for war on a large scale. 他们正在大规模地准备战争。 94.on account of 因为;由于 We're late on account of the bad traffic. 我们迟到是因为交通拥挤。 The meeting was postponed on account of the chairman's illness. 由于主持人生病, 会议延期了。 95.on the average 平均而言,通常 This car runs 15 kilometers per liter on the average.这辆车平均每公升(汽油)跑15 公里。 96.on behalf of 代表?? My husband could not be here tonight, but I want to thank you on behalf of him. 我丈夫今晚因故不能前来, 我代表他向你们致谢。 97.on board 在船(或车.飞机)上 We went on board the ship. 我们登上了轮船。 Everybody on board was worried and we were curious to find out what had happened. 飞机上的人都很着急,而且我们急于想了解出了什么事。 98.on business 因事,因公 I am going to Shanghai on business. 我要去上海出差。 I come on business, and have something to say.我因公事而来,我有话要说。

99.on condition that 如果??,在??条件下 I can lend you my bike on condition that you return it on time. 如果你及时归还我 就把自行车借给你。 100.on duty 值班,当班 Some nurses at the hospital are on duty all night. 这个医院的一些护士整夜值班。 Who’s on duty today? 今天谁值日? 101.on earth 究竟;到底;在世界上 No force on earth can hold back the progress of the society. 没有任何力量能够阻 止社会的进步。 What on earth is the matter there? 那里究竟发生了什么事? 102.on fire 起火,着火 Could you stand idle when the house was on fire? 房子着了火,你能袖手旁观吗? The villagers were on fire with zeal to defend their native land. 村民们热血沸 腾,决心保卫故乡的河山。 103.on foot 步行;在进行中 Shall we go by car or on foot? 我们坐车还是走路去? I prefer to go there on foot. 我愿意步行到那去。 104.on hand 现有,在手头;在场,到场 The emergency services were on hand with medical advice. 随时都有急诊服务,并提 供医疗咨询。 105.on occasions 间或,有时 On occasion he went to London to spend the weekend. 有时他去伦敦渡周末。 He forgot to do homework on occasion. 有时他忘了做家庭作业。 106.on one's own 独 自地;独立地 The handicapped soldier can live on his own. 那个伤残士兵能够独立生活。 107.on purpose 有意,故意地

I came here on purpose to see you. 我特地来这里看你。 108.on sale 出售,上市 A new type of mobile phone is on sale. 一款新型手机正在上市。 109.on the contrary 正相反 “You look ill, Ben.” “On the contrary, I feel fine!” “本,你看上去好象病了。”“恰恰相反,我感觉非常好!” You seemed to win the game; on the contrary, you failed. 你似乎赢了这场比赛,然 而相反,你输了. 110. on the one hand?on the other hand 一方面??另一方面 On the one hand, the Internet is convenient for us to get information; on the other hand, it can cause many problems. 一方面,因特网便于我们获得信息;另一方面,他也 会引起诸多问题。 112.on the whole 总的看来,大体上 The weather this month has been good on the whole. 这个月的天气基本上是好的。 113.once in a while 偶尔,间或 I went to see my elder brother once in a while. 我偶尔去看望我的哥哥。 Theatre tickets are expensive so we only go to the theatre once in a while. 戏票 很贵,所以我们只是偶尔去看一场戏。 114.once upon a time (常用于故事开头)从前 Once upon a time there was a poor old fisherman.从前有一位贫穷的老渔夫。 115.out of breath 上气不接下气 I ran faster than ever, reaching the schoolyard quite out of breath. 我跑得更快 了,到了校园时上气不接下气了。 116.out of control 失去控制 It is reported that the situation in Iraq has been out of control. 据报道伊拉克 的局势已经处于无政府状态。

It is dangerous that the plane has been out of control. 太危险了,飞机失去了控制。 117.out of date 过时的;废弃的 This kind of watch is out of date. 这种钟表已经过时了。 118.out of order 不整齐;(工作)不正常的,出故障的 Look! The books on the floor are out of order. 瞧!地板上的书籍扔的乱七八糟。 I couldn't ring because the phone was out of order. 我没法打电话,因为电话机坏了。 119.out of place 不在合适的位置;不恰当的 Your remarks were a bit out of place. 你的话有点不妥。 120.out of practice 荒疏;久不练习 I used to be able to play well but I'm out of practice now. 我原来玩得很好,但因 为不练习,荒疏了。 123.out of sight 看不见,在视程之外 We waved until the car was out of sight. 我们一直招手,直到看不见汽车为止。 He was soon out of sight. 很快就看不见他了。 124.out of the question 办不到的,不可能的;不必谈的 No, I won't give you any more money. It's out of the question! 不,我不能再给你 钱了。那是不可能的! 125.out of touch (with) 与??失去联系,没有??的消息 The mine workers trapped underground have out of touch with people on the ground for 24 hours. 被困地下的矿工已经与地面失去联系24小时了。 126.so as to 为的是,结果使??,以致 I'll get up early, so as to be ready when you come. 我早些起床,以便你来的时候我 就准备好了。 I rose so early as to be in time for the first train. 我起得这么早,为的是赶头班 火车。 127.so/as far as??be concerned 就??而言

As far as I am concerned, I would like to go to work in a rural area. 就我而言, 我愿意到偏远地区工作。 128.thanks to 幸亏;由于 I stopped the car very quickly thanks to the good brakes. 由于闸好,我很快煞住了 汽车。 Thanks to your help, we accomplished the task in time. 多亏你们的帮助,我们及时 完成了这项任务。


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