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陕西省西安市高新一中2015届高三下学期第十二次大练习英语试题Word版含答案


2015 届高三第十二次大练习英语试题
本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分,共 1 50 分.考试时间 l20 分钟。 第一卷(选择题共 95 分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节:语音知识(共 5 小题,满分 5 分)从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划 线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在卡上将该项涂黑。 1.

rose A. house B. insist C. downstairs D. base 2. reply A. comedy B. satisfy C. totally D. variety 3. southern A. ground B. group C. country D. would 4. radio A. quality B. Canadian C. rather D. habit 5. washed A. filled B. recognized C. whispered D. promised 第二节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 l5 分) 6. The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, ________ people will have "Guessing lantern riddles". A. when B. which C. where D. what 7. -----Did you see what the thief looks like? -----No, so quickly_______ that I couldn't see him clearly. A. did he escape away B. he escaped away C. does he escape away D. he escapes away 8. The boy insisted that he ______ his best and _______ praised. A. had tried, must be B. tried, must be C. try, should be D. had tried, be 9. -----Premier Wen Jiabao has urged effective steps to increase farmers' incomes. ----- _______ ! I' m sure the farmers will have a better life. A. No problem B. That' s great C. Well done D. It's none of my business 10. ------ Have you heard of the severe drought in North China? ------ Yes, _______ news came as______ shock to me. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; 不填, D. the; 不填 11. ------What's the problem? ------Our coal for heating has _______? A. used up B. put out C. held up D. given out 12. Most people are ____ reducing the students' heavy burdens. A. in search of B. in honor of C. in favor of D. in charge of 13. I will appreciate _____ if you can give me a hand. A. this B. that C. it D. one 14. ------ The news upset many people that the CPI climbed to 6.9 percent last November.
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------ Yes. It is the fourth time that the CPI _______ above 6 percent. A. was B. had been C. is D. has been 15.On hearing the news, she rushed out without hesitation, _______her handbag______ on the sofa, and_________ in the distance. A. left; lied; disappeared B. leaving ;lying ; disappeared C. leaving; laying; disappeared D. left; lying; disappearing 16. People eat________ vegetables per person today as they did ten years ago. A. as twice many B. as twice as many C. twice as many as D. twice as many 17. It's believed that movies, also_______ motion pictures, arrived in China near the end of the 19th century. A. to be called B. to call C. calling D. called 18. ------ I tried many times, but I still failed to complete the experiment. ------ Cheer up. _______ and the problem will be solved. A. If have a little effort B. Having a little effort C. If you have a bit effort D. A bit more effort 19. Children are usually ______about their surroundings because they're interested in anything new. A. anxious B. curious C. serious D. precious 20. When you come to our hometown, you will find a good many buildings________ everywhere. A. been built B. being built C. having built D. building 第三节:完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 l.5 分,总共 30 分) The sound of the rain hitting the windows wakes me up and it sounds just exactly as it did 15 years ago, which reminded me of my girlhood. It was my second day of 21 and it was raining heavily. I could not 22 the habit I had at home , so I fell asleep right at my 23 . I woke up to find myself not in the classroom but carried on Dad’s back. We were 24 home. It was the last time I felt 25 to him. After that, he never carried me or hugged me as other fathers did to their children. I was not bothered much by this 26 . I was proud of it, for I felt 27 and “grown up.” However, there were times when I felt depressed by not having sought 28 from him. One day, I was writing Chinese characters as homework. I hated doing this more than anything. Dad came and stood behind me for a moment, 29 me scratching (乱 涂,勾抹) the paper. Then he said, “This kind of writing needs 30 .Your writing is not strong enough. Press harder.” I follow his 31 for the next two words, but 32 I could see little improvement, I followed my own method the 33 way. His advice did not improve my writing but our 34 . As I grew older, I found out that he had finished his 35 in Grade 6, which was the highest grade in town then, so he was considered to be a 36 . People used to ask him to write something to put on the walls, but he never felt very useful. He often said to me, “As you can see, this family is going to depend on you. We are 37 to improve you anything for your future .You have to get 38 to change the life for yourself.” As a result of his 39 , I have 40 it through high school and through college.
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21. A. graduation 22. A. from 23. A. dormitory 24. A. at 25. A. close 26. A. gap 27. A. lonely 28. A. comfort 29. A. helping 30. A. skill 31. A. introduction 32. A. even if 33. A. difficult 34. A. relationship 35. A. schooling 36. A. writer 37. A. tired 38. A. an education 39. A. help 40. A. succeeded

B. employment B. resist B. door B. already B. near B. thought B. depressed B. help B. directing B. patience B. manner B. while B. slow B. friendship B. life B. scholar B. glad B. a rich boyfriend B. expectations B. got

C. college C. follow C. desk C. beyond C. happy C. action C. independent C. support C. watching C. time C. spirit C. as C. efficient C. thought C. hope C. scientist C. useless C. a well-paid job C. examination C. made

D. school D. break D. bed D. halfway D. relaxed D. accident D. comfortable D. explanation D. blaming D. practice D. advice D. though D. fast D. life D. expectation D. specialist D. ready D. a good writing D. watch D. found

第二部分:阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 41—46 各题所给的选项中,选出 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 阅读理解(共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 l 分,满分 45 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 ’ A Half of US mothers are not getting enough sleep and they believe getting more rest would make them better parents, according to a US study. A nationwide survey of 500 mothers by research firm Braun Research found 54 percent of respondents said they were not getting enough sleep. Full-time working mothers were suffering the most with 59 percent saying they were not getting enough sleep. Half of the working mothers said they were getting six or fewer hours sleep a night. Stay-at-home rooms felt better with 48 percent saying they were sleep deficient (不足的). The survey found 52 percent of America's mothers believed that getting more sleep would make them better parents and 65 percent said it would make them happier. But even when mothers do get into bed, many lie awake at night with 36 percent thinking about the next day's tasks,25 percent stressing about the family's finances and 24 percent worrying about family issues. "Consistently(一贯的) not getting enough sleep and lying awake at night worrying about day- to- day challenges could be a sign of insomnia, "said sleep specialist Suzanne Griffin, a clinical doctor from Georgetown University Hospital in Washington. But the survey found although sleep problems were among mothers, four out of five had not spoken to their doctor about it and 82 percent
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never considered using sleeping pills. Griffin suggested that mothers stick to a sleep schedule, avoid alcohol and caffeinated (加咖啡因的) drinks late in the afternoon and before bedtime, and create a sleep environment that is cool, quiet, dark and comfortable. 41. Which of the following-is related to the underlined word in the passage? A. bad health B. illness C. good sleep D. bad sleep 42. According to the US study, the following statements are true except that_______. A. most mothers didn't get help from their doctors when they had sleep problems. B. half of the full-time working mothers said they were not getting enough sleep. C.270 mothers were not getting enough sleep. D. some mothers can't sleep well because of many family problems. 43. What would make moms better parents according to the survey? A. Staying at home B. Sticking to a good sleep schedule C. Getting more rest D. Creating a good sleep environment 44. The survey is most probably beneficial to__________ in the US. A. mothers and their children B. the whole family C. mothers D. mothers' sleep B The crowd cheered as the young man walked across the stage to receive his award as the company's top producer. He looked over the audience and trembled, and there was a clear pause that brought a silence to the room. It took him a moment to control himself. "The last three months hit me pretty hard," he began. "And I feel the need to share a piece of my story though I'm not sure why. A friend called me about his new marketing system, an outbound (发往外国的) fax(传真)service that could reach thousands of potential customers at very little cost. I checked it out, got excited and accepted it. After thousands of faxes, it seemed that what I did was illegal . I was punished a dollar tor every one sent out. The crowd was surprised. "I failed to do proper research, and didn't pay attention to the details. Now I am heavily in debt. As some of you know, I recently move up here from down south. I stored my stuff (资料)in my old office, which I closed down. When I drove back to pick it all up, I found that everything except my computer and the clothes I brought with me was gone." He continued, "I drive a sports car. I love that car. One day while driving it, I stepped on the accelerator (油门), lost control at 85 miles an hour, and hit the guard rail. I damaged my car very badly." "In three months, I got charged, lost everything I owned, and damaged my car. We all face challenges," he smiled. "I guess I wanted to share mine with you. Thanks tor listening. " He left to a standing ovation (鼓掌).
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Standing in the back of the room, I realized how much respect that young man earned. He faced his fear, publicly admitted his mistakes and never gave up, in spite of the difficulties. That day, he won much more than a trophy (奖杯). 45. According to the first paragraph, which word can describe the young man? A. Calm. B. Brave. C. Shy. D. Nervous. 46. Why was the young man punished? A. He made a serious mistake in his research. B. He illegally sent faxes to customers. C. He stole a computer from an office. D. He drove his car at a high speed. 47. The young man told his experiences perhaps to _________. . A. encourage others to face challenges bravely B. let the audience forgive him C. show his misunderstanding of the law D. complain about being treated unfairly 48. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Face fear with the faith B. Admit mistake with courage C. Take challenges with the will D. Earn respect with the truth C We continue our Foreign Student Series on higher education in the United States. Now we move on to college life once you are admitted to a school. The first thing you need to value is a place to live. Housing policies differ from school to school. Students might have to live in a dormitory, at least for the first year there. Dorms come in all sizes. Some have suites(一套房间). Six or more students may live in one suite. Other dorms have many rooms along a common hallway, usually with two students in each room. Many students say dormitories provide the best chance to get to know other students. Also dorms generally cost less than apartments or other housing not owned by the school. Most colleges and universities offer single-sex dorms, but usually males and females live in the same building. They might live on the same floors and share the same common bathrooms. They may live in the same room only if they are married. Edward Spencer is the associate vice president for student affairs at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg. He says it is important to understand the rules of the building in which you will live. He advises students to ask questions before they decide about their housing. For example, if a student requires a special diet, will the school provide it ? How much privacy (隐私) can a student expect ? Will the school provide a single room if a student requests one ? And what about any other special needs that a student might have? Virginia Tech, for example, had a ban(法令)against candles in dorms. But it changed that policy to let students light up candles for religious purposes. The
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university also has several dorms open all year so foreign students have a place to stay during vacation time. 49. Why do some students in the U.S. choose to live in dorms, according to the passage ? A. Dorms allow students in the U.S. choose to live in dorms B. Dorms are safer for students to live in most cases. C. Dorms offer the chance to meet other people and are cheap as well. D. In most schools students are required to live in the dorms. 50. The third paragraph is mainly about_______. A. what suites in American schools are like B. what dorms in American schools are like C. what dorms are owned by schools D. when people get to know each other 51. We can infer from what Edward Spencer says that_______. A. colleges usually don't provide a special diet B. housing rules differ from one building to another C. a ban against candles in dorms is necessary D. the U.S. college always satisfies students' requests 52. What is the passage mainly about ? A. Places to live in U.S. colleges B. housing polices in the U.S. C. Advantages of dormitories D. Rules of single-sex dorms D Do you know someone who has never been troubled by tests? Yeah, some people are lucky like that. But for most of us, taking tests can cause a lot of icky (讨厌的) feelings and sensations, such as trouble concentrating; low self-esteem; being nervous or anxious, feeling depressed or down on yourself; nausea ( 反 胃 ), indigestion, diarrheas(腹泻), or other stomach problems; racing heartbeat or trouble breathing: trouble sleeping; sweaty or cold hands. Spend a moment thinking about a test you have to take. Does it bring on any of these feelings? If so, that might mean you're having some trouble dealing with the stress of the test. Now that we know what stress feels like, let's talk about where test stress comes from. Here are a few of the biggest causes of test stress: Pressure from yourself. It's important to do your best and study hard, but if you fell like you just can't stop pushing yourself to prepare or that you won't be happy with anything but a high grade, that pressure can't be hard to handle. Pressure, from parents and teachers. Most parents want to see great report cards, and they can start pushing when test time comes around. For teachers, many schools want to show high test grades from their students. So they have high expectations for the teachers, who then have high expectations for the students!
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Competition with friends. You love your best friends, but she's always asking you how you did on the test you both just took. This is normal, but can add to some of the pressure you're already feeling. Past experience. If you had a bad time with a test in the past, or if you've done poorly on one or more tests, you could feel anxious about the next one. Negative thinking. If you're convinced you're going to fail, or you keep beating yourself up with thoughts like "I'm not smart enough" or "I never do well," this can add a lot of stress. Rumor. Sometimes, other students can spread rumors about a test. Rumors like "That teacher's tests are totally impossible to pass!" can make you a lot more nervous. 53. What's the main idea of the first paragraph? A. Tests may cause the changes of feelings and sensations for most of us. B. How we find someone who has never been troubled by tests. C. Some people will have some trouble in dealing with the stress of the test. D. Talk about the cause and origin of test stress. 54. What's the probable title according to the passage? A. Pressure from oneself. B. Pressure from parents and teachers. C. Where test stress comes from. D. Negative and positive thinking. 55. The direct reason why you feel anxious about tests is that______. A. you are always too lazy B. you were excellent in the past C. you always lack confidence D. your parents and teachers are too kind to you 56. What will the next section mainly talk about? A. How to manage and get rid of stress. B. How to prevent pressure from oneself or parents or teachers. C. How to compete with friends properly. D. How to use rumor to release stress. E Foreign media have paid close attention to the developments of the earthquake happened on May 12th . Many of them have praised the Chinese government and people' s rescue efforts after the deadly earthquake in Sichuan province. The Wall Street Journal Asia Edition (U. S.), the Globe and Mail (Canada), the Guardian (U. K. ), among other foreign news agencies, have recently published articles on China' s earthquake relief. They all have spoken highly of the earthquake relief efforts made by the Chinese government. The Wall Street Journal Asia Edition published an article on May 21 saying that on the eighth day of the most serious natural disaster to hit China in decades, rescuing survivors from the ruins had been quickly replaced by the great challenge of helping them. The article said that people overseas have been deeply impressed by earthquake
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relief efforts by the Chinese government. The Associated French Press (AFP) reported on May 21 that China has become more open among the campaign. Aircraft loaded with relief supplies from Ukraine, Russia, the United States, Singapore and other countries have arrived in disaster areas in southwestern China. The Associated Press (AP) published an .article on May 21 reporting that China is making great efforts to deal with a very difficult task caused by the earthquake : how to provide temporary (临时的) shelter for so many people. The article said that many tents have been built; and food and medical care are provided to the people whose lives have been completely disrupted(扰乱)by the earthquake. The Global and Mail of Canada published an article on May 20 that said the rapid earthquake relief work in Sichuan demonstrates(证明)China's powerful economic strength. An article carried in the British Guardian said that one week after the Sichuan earthquake, China began a three- day national mourning period at 14:28 on Mayl9, and all Chinese people stood in silence for three minutes in memory of the victims. The ongoing search and rescue action is encouraged by one miraculous(奇迹) survivor after another. Chinese officials said that, so far, no disease had spread in the area after the earthquake. 57. How many press media are mentioned in the article? A.3 B.4 C.5 D.6 58. ________ reported that China has become more open among the campaign. A. The Associated French Press B. The Associated Press C. The Global and Mail of Canada D. The British Guardian 59. What can we infer from the passage? A. Only the Chinese government made great efforts to rescue the victims. B. The most difficult task is providing temporary shelter and food for the victims. C. Foreigners spoke highly of our rescue efforts after the deadly earthquake. D. The Chinese government did a lot to prevent diseases spreading in the area. 60. What is the best tittle of the passage? A. Foreign media praise China's earthquake relief. B. The rapid earthquake relief work demonstrates China's powerful economic strength. C. The most serious natural disaster hit China. D. Tens of thousands of people' s lives have been completely disrupted by the earthquake. 第三节:补全对话内容。从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项 中有 两项为多余选项。 E=AB F=AC G=AD -------Hello. Gerry speaking.
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------ Hello, Gerry. It's me John here. 61___ ------ Well, I'm terribly sorry, but I'm not feeling very well. ------ Is that all? 62_____ ------ No, I'm sorry. I was sick all night. I think it must be the fish I ate last night. ------ Well, I think you should have at least phoned Kate and told her you weren't coming to the meeting. ------ 63 I'm sorry about that. Anyway, I think I'll be able to get in to work tomorrow. ------ 64_____ ------ I won't. Thanks for calling. -----65_____ A. Why didn't you phone? B.OK. Take care and don't eat any more fish. C. Why aren't you here at the meeting? D. That's all right. E. We thought you might have had an accident or forgotten the day or something. F. I'll be glad to see you again. G. Yes, I suppose I should have done so.

2015 届高三第十二次大练习英语试题答卷
第二卷
第三部分:写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节:单词拼写(共 l0 小题,每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) 66. I've received quite a few ______________(请柬), but I can only accept one of them. 67. He is a popular singer who often ____________ (出现) on television programmes. 68. It was in the house where they lived that they___________ (争吵) bitterly. 69. China is doing her best to catch up with____________(先进的) countries, such as
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America and Japan. 70.We've won two gold medals in weight ____________(举重). 71. Just now, I said a certain student, not __________(指) to you, was cheating in the test. 72. Their office is on the____________ (第九 ) floor. 73. Is she losing weight? she looks a lot___________ (瘦) . 74. The People's Republic of China was ___________ (成立) on October 1,1949. 75. She is so __________ (倒霉) that whatever job she does, she always does it badly and then she is fired by her bosses. 第二节:短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 l.5 分, .满分 15 分) When the world enters 21st century, the development in science and technology brings us much more new hopes and chances we have never imagined before. People hoped to have a peaceful and highly developing world. To catch up with the new development and to be success in the new century, the younger generation is required to possess different kinds of skills and abilities, such like the computer science and the English language. Otherwise we will be left behind. Young people should study even hard at school and prepare themselves mentally and physically to meet with the challenge of the new century. 第三节:书面表达(满分 30 分) 今天是母亲节。妈妈给你写了一封信。假如你是信中的 Ari.请你根据材料和 提纲及要求给母亲写一封英文回信。 Dear Aft, The moment you came to the world, you slept so peacefully. As I stared at your tiny body, warm and excited, dreaming of all I have in store for you. I intend to bring you up to be brave, honest, determined and successful in an often difficult society. That's why we have named you Ari, which means "lion". It's our hope
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76. __________ 77.__________ 78.__________ 79.__________ 80.__________ 81.__________ 82.__________ 83.__________ 84.__________ 85.__________

that you will grow strong and eagerly grasp every opportunity to do well for yourself and others. We will be together with you on your way to success. Love Mummy 内容要点:1、读信后的感受; 2、你成长中母亲对你的爱及你的做法或感受(可举例说明); 3、你对母亲的感激及祝福; 要求:1、短文词数:100 左右(不含已写好的部分)。 2、内容充实,结构完整,语意连贯。 3、书写须清晰、工整。 Dear Mummy, Happy Mother's Day! I've just read the letter you wrote to me.

Love, Son

2015 届高三第十二次大练习英语参考答案
1—5: CBCBD 6—10:AADBB l l—15:DCCDB l6-20:DDDBB 完形填空:21---25 DBCDA 26---30 BCACB 31---35 DCDAA
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36---40

BCABC 41—44:DBCA 45 ---48:DBAD 49---52:CBBA 53----56: ACCA 57---60:CADA 61—65.CEGBD 单词: 66 . invitations 67 . appears 68 . quarreled/quarrelled 69 . advanced 70.lifting 71.referring 72. ninth 73.thinner 74.founded 75. unlucky 改错:76. 21st 前加 the 77.去掉 much/much---many 78.hoped----hope 79.developing----developed 80.success-----successful 81.right 82. Like----as 83. we-----one / they 84. Hard----harder 85. 去掉 with 阅读理解: 书面表达: One possible version Dear Mummy, Happy Mother's Day! I've just read-the letter you wrote to me. When I read your letter, I was deeply touched. It's the first time that I've realized your deepest love for me. Reading the letter, I suddenly remember all the things you've done for me. Once when I was ill, you rushed me to the hospital and stayed with me the whole night. Each time I felt depressed, you would encourage me with a smile. But when our teacher advised us to do what we can to help parents, I thought nothing of it. How silly I was to take it for granted that you make every effort to bring me up and give me everything! I feel ashamed that I failed to notice your tiredness, unhappiness or even illness. Today is Mother's Day, on which I thank you again from the bottom of my heart and wish you could enjoy a long and happy life. Love Son

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