（一） 宾语从句的种类 宾语从句是一种名词性从句，在句中作及物动词的宾语，或介词的宾语，或形容词的宾语。根据引 导宾语从句的不同连词，宾语从句可分为三类。 1. 由 that 引导的宾语从句。that 只有语法作用，没有实在的意义，在口语 和非正式文体中可以省略。例如： He said (that) he wanted to stay at home. She doesn’t k
now (that) she is seriously ill. I am sure (that) he will succeed. 2. 由连接代词 who, whom, whose, what, which 和连接副词 when, where, why, how 引导的宾语从句。 这些 连接代词和连接副词在宾语从句中充当某个成分。例如： Do you know who (whom) they are waiting for? He asked whose handwriting was the best. Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is? I don’t know why the train is late.
She wondered what he had done. Tom wanted to know where the meeting would be held.
3. 由 if 或 whether 引导的宾语从句。if 和 whether 在句中的意思是“是否”。例如： I want to know if (whether) he lives there. He asked me whether (if) I could help him.
I doubt whether he will succeed.
（二）宾语从句的语序 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序。例如： I hear (that) physics isn’t easy. I think (that) you will like this school soon. Can you tell me how I can get to zoo? Please tell me when we’ll have the meeting. （三）宾语从句的时态 1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时，宾语从句该用什麽时态就用什麽时态。 如： I don’t think (that) you are right. Please tell us where he is. Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station? 2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态（一般过去时， 过去进行时， 过去 将来时，过去完成时）。例如： He asked what time it was. He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet. He asked if you had written to Peter. He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon. 3. 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理，其时态常用一般现在时。例如： Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year. Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun.
宾语从句语法填空精选： 1 The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered ______ the boy would do. Then he took them off, gave a big smile and said, “That is cool.” 2 She asked me for a hug, but I did not know what the word “hug” meant. So, I just looked at her with a questioning expression on my face. But she didn’t give up. She called my father into the room and asked him to explain to me what she meant. When he did I looked at my new step-mom and wondered ____ she wanted to hug me. 3 The story touched me so __deeply____ (deep) that it is useless to find out ______ relationships they had between them. Parent or child? Friends? Lovers? Brothers or sisters? The last thing we should do is to abandon your beloved in hardship. 4 All of a sudden, her handicap was gone and all I saw was this beautiful girl, 21 ______ smile just melted me and almost instantly gave me a completely new sense of 22 _______ life is all about. 5 Once there lived a rich man who wanted to do something for the people of his town. But first he wanted to find out _______ they deserved his help.
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