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湖北省荆州中学2012-2013学年高一上学期期中考试英语试题


2012—2013 学年高一上学期期中考试
科目:英语 考试时间:120 分钟

全卷共四部分。满分 150 分。 ★祝考试顺利★

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节: (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分

7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the man say to put the book? A. On the floor. B. In the bookcase. C. On the shelf. 2. What will the man do tonight? A. Buy a record. B. Watch a game. C. Take a history exam. 3. Who is the boy going to meet? A. His classmate. B. His coach. C. His basketball team. 4. What will the woman do this afternoon? A. Help the man with his math. B. Take her mother to see the doctor. C. Go for a ride with her mom. 5. What does the woman think of the man? A. He drinks too much. B. He has a weak heart. C. He’s overweight.
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第二节: (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Who is the man? A. The woman’s husband. B. The woman’s boss.

C. The woman’s classmate. 7. What did the woman bring back? A. Some presents from the party. B. Some documents for the company. C. Some information about her classmates. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where will the speakers take a trip? A. To a popular scenic spot. B. To a wild place. C. To a wildlife zoo. 9. What advice does the man give to the woman? A. Leave some food for the animals. B. Stay far away from fire at night. C. Do not leave everywhere. 10. What will the speakers do today? A. Climb a mountain. B. Rest at home. C. Go fishi ng. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Food. B. A painting. C. An old man. 12. What is the small boy doing? A. Sitting at the table. B. Standing at the side of the table. C. Playing under the table. 13. How does the woman feel? A. Hungry. B. Strange. C. Interested. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What was the main reason that the man wanted to join the army? A. His uncle suggested that he do so. B. Most of his toys were tanks. C. He often heard stories about the army. 15. What did the woman and her sister use to do? A. Visit different shops. B. Pretend to be shopkeepers. C. Make money by selling waste things. 16. What is the subject of the conversation?

A. Childhood dreams. B. Hard work and success. C. Unhappy memories in life. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. In which direction has the snowy weather in Europe moved? A. The west. B. The east. C. The north. 18. How did the snow affect farmers in Bosnia? A. Their cows froze to death. B. They couldn’t feed their cows. C. Their crops were ruined. 19. What did the government in Rome do? A. It used buses to help remove snow. B. It sent people out to help remove snow. C. It asked people to buy snow-moving equipment. 20. What does the speaker offer at the end of the task? A. Heavy criticism. B. Advice. C. Appreciation.

第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分)
第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. After long and hard work, the police at last discovered the of the baby found by the side of a road. A. dialect B. identity C. situation D. accent 22. Tom and Mike are good friends. They often each other from being punished by the teacher. A. prevent B. settle C. shelter D. prefer 23. Being a person, Miss Li wouldn’t let anyone or any difficulty stop her. A. stubborn B. reliable C. concerned D. determined 24. Doctors the old man not to smoke so much, but he just couldn’t give it up. A. persuaded B. promised C. accepted D. advised 25. Leave your key with a neighbor you lock yourself out one day. A. ever since B. in case C. as usual D. soon after 26. —I don’t think he should leave his job. —That’s ________ what I told him yesterday. A. exactly B. frequently C. fluently D. actually 27. The doctor’s reputation was completely _________ in the accident. Nobody believed that he had been innocent. A. broken B. built C. ruined D. acquired 28. She was so amused with the magician’s tricks that she _______ a smile.

A. broke out B. burst into C. burst out D. got into 29. My parents and I are flying to London for a holiday and I’ll _________ the chance to practice my spoken English. A. come up with B. get along with C. make use of D. get tired of 30. —Have you seen my pen bought during my visit to Hong Kong Disneyland? —Oh, Jane must have taken it _________ ; she has the same one as yours. A. by mistake B. on purpose C. by chance D. by accident 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
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There was once a boy called Mario who loved to have loads of friends. He always off how many friends he had at school. One day his grandfather said to him, “Mario, I

31 32

you a big bag of popcorn that you don’t have as many friends as you think. I’m sure many of them are nothing more than companions.” Mario 33 the bet without hesitation. However, he wasn’t sure how to test 34 his schoolmates were real friends or not, so he asked his grandfather. The old man answered, “Wait a minute.” Then the old man left, Mario could see 36 there. 37 to sit on 35 soon as though carrying something in his hands, but

“Take it. It’s a very special chair because it’s invisible (看不见). It’s rather it, but if you take it to school and be able to 39 38 who your real friends are. ” 40

to sit on it, you’ll activate (激活)its magic and you’ll

Mario, brave and determined, took the asked everyone to form a(n) 41

and set off for school. At break time he

, and he put himself in the middle, with his chair. Having 42 straight onto his backside. Everyone

difficulty seeing it, Mario tried to sit on it and around him had a pretty good laugh.

“Wait! me try again,” Mario said. But again, he missed the seat, Let looks and a few catcalls (尖叫,喝倒彩). Mario didn’t chair. But he kept falling onto the ground…until, around, Mario saw three of his best friends 47 as friends had done nothing but make And there, the show 49 46 48 45 44

43

more surprised

and kept trying to sit on the magic he tried again but didn’t fall. Looking

him up. Meanwhile, many others he had of him.

to an end. Mario understood that true friends were those who

50 for him, and not just the companions that happened to be passing by. And someo ne who took joy in his misfortunes (不幸) was even less of a friend. 31. A. turned B. paid C. took 32. A. bet B. give C. offer 33. A. received B. followed C. accepted 34. A. which B. that C. what 35. A. answering B. returning C. passing 36. A. everything B. anything C. something 37. A. hard B. annoying C. upset 38. A. prepare B. allow C. manage D. showed D. send D. dropped D. whether D. recovering D. nothing D. painful D. invite

39. A. doubt 40. A. popcorn 41. A. area 42. A. walked 43. A. causing 44. A. give away 45. A. suddenly 46. A. carrying 47. A. imagined 48. A. smile 49. A. came 50. A. arranged

B. tell B. friend B. space B. fell B. bringing B. give out B. nearly B. holding B. faced B. laugh B. lasted B. cared

C. explain C. book C. line C. broke C. providing C. give up C. generally C. pulling C. placed C. fun C. added C. looked

D. call D. chair D. circle D. suffered D. moving D. give off D. unfortunately D. improving D. viewed D. interest D. led D. served

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A My friend Karen and I were always together. Karen was only a few months older than I. I always thought she was so beautiful, with long hair and blue eyes. I loved Karen so much because she liked me for being the way I was. I could be myself and share my secrets with her and I never felt like I was being judged. We had so much fun and were really quite silly. One time I asked my mom to make us the same dresses so we could pretend we were twins. We continued as best friends throughout grade school. One day, Karen was going to another friend’s place and asked me to come along, but I couldn’t go because I had a babysitting job that afternoon. We walked together to the Becker’s home where I was to babysit and then she continued on her way without me. We had agreed that I would meet her at the corner when she returned and I finished my job. At four o’clock I rushed to the corner so I wouldn’t be late for meeting Karen. Just as I arrived at the corner, I saw Karen crossing the street. In a second it happened. I saw Karen’s body fly up in the sky. A car had hit her! Karen was on life support for a week before it was decided that they would allow her to go in peace. Karen’s parents wanted to donate her organs(器官)to the hospital, but there was nothing left healthy enough to be used because s he was hit so hard. I have never got so close to another person since Karen died. I do miss her! Do you cherish(珍惜)your friends? If you don’t, please do, as you may lose them one day. 51. What’s the best title for the passage? A.A horrible car accident B.An unforgettable experience C.My dearest friend—Karen

D.An unforgettable girl 52. When Karen was hit by a car, she was A.on her way to a friend’s place B.on her way to the Becker’s home C.shouting to the writer who was so far from her D.heading to the corner where she and the writer would meet 53. Why were Karen’s organs unable to be donated? A.Because her parents refused to do that. B.Because all of her organs were seriously damaged. C.Because the doctors thought it was too cruel. D.Because no patients needed organs in the hospital then. 54. What does the writer suggest we do? A.Cherish our friends. B.Accept the fact that people die. C.Be careful when crossing the street. D.Never be too close to someone. B If you want to become a fluent English speaker you should take some advice: There are four skills in learning English. They are reading, listening, speaking, and writing. The most important thing you must remember is that if you want to improve your speaking and writing skills you should first master the skills of reading and listening. Read as much as you can. But your reading must be active. It means that you must t hink about the meaning of the sentence, the meanings of the unfamiliar words, etc. There is no need for you to pay much attention to grammars or try to understand all the unfamiliar words you come across, but the fact that you see them for the first time and recognize them whenever you see them, for example in other passages or books, is enough. It would be better to prepare yourself a notebook so you can write down the important words or sentences in it. As for listening, there are two choices: besides reading, you can listen every day for about 30 minutes. You can only pay attention to your reading and become skillful at your reading, then you can catch up on your listening. Since you have lots of inputs in your mind, you can easily guess what the speaker is going to say. This never means that you should not practice listening. For listening you can listen to cartoons or some movies that are specially made for children. Their languages are easy. Or if you are good at listening you can listen to VOA or BBC programs every day. Again the thing to remember is being active in listening and preferably taking some notes. If you follow these pieces of advice, your speaking and writing will improve automatically, and you can be sure that with a little effort they will become perfect. 55. According to the author, which should you improve first among the four skills? .

A.Reading and listening. B.Reading and writing. C.Writing and speaking. D.Speaking and listening. 56. The underlined phrase “come across” in Paragraph 2 can probably be replaced by“ ”. A.meet by accident B.discover C.find on purpose D.look for 57. The author seems to agree with the view that .

A.everyone should listen to VOA or BBC programs every day B.you needn’t practice listening if you keep on reading every day C.being good at reading is helpful in improving your listening D.you should take notes of whatever you are hearing 58. The passage is mainly about how to A.choose suitable listening materials B.deal with new words in reading C.improve your English as quickly as possible D.become fluent in speaking and writing English C To see the world is one thing; to have someone to share it with is another. Indeed, travel becomes more interesting when you have a travel partner. A travel partner can be a close friend, a family member, a pal you’ve met online, or a business friend. You can have someone to talk to Traveling alone is fun, but wouldn’t you feel lonely? Having a travel partner can remove the feeling of loneliness. This is especially true if you can get a travel companion who is very familiar with the place you’re traveling to. You don’t have to ask any information from the locals, and you can increase the time you spend in the country. .

One of the major headaches in traveling is the costs involved. You can’t simply ignore the rising price of hotels or plane tickets. You should also think about your daily needs, such as your food. Of course, you can’t simply go back without bringing any souvenirs (纪念品) to your friends and family. All these can ruin your budget. However, when you have a travel friend, you can have someone to share the expenses with. You can meet a good friend Having a travel mate is a good way of meeting a new friend or even a lifelong partner. You can never count the number of couples who actually found their way into each other’s heart while
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traveling together in another country. You can have someone to watch out for you When you’re in a foreign land, you’ll never be really safe. You don’t know the rules as well as the culture of the people. A travel will be perfect to remind you of your duties in the country and to watch your back just in case you get lost. So why don’t you find a travel companion now! Let’s find out how… 59. What’s the author’s purpose in writing this passage? A.To introduce a travel company. B.To encourage us to have a travel partner. C.To explain how to be a perfect travel partner. D.To tell an interesting experience with a travel partner. 60. What’s the best title for the 3rd paragraph? A.You can have someone to share the expenses with B.You can know the local culture well C.You can enjoy food with your partner D.You can save money by bargaining together 61. Which of the following statements agrees with the author’s opinion? A.Traveling alone is not fun. B.Buying souvenirs isn’t necessary. C.Many people fall in love when traveling. D.It’s better to choose a stranger as a travel partner. 62. Which of the following things is NOT mentioned? A.A travel partner can help you take care of your child. B.A travel partner can help get rid of loneliness. C.A travel partner can help you save money. D.A travel partner can make you safer. D The deadly earthquake and tsunami (海啸) that struck Japan on March 11 damaged two nuclear power stations. Officials are now working to prevent dangerous radiation from poisoning the air in the area surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi plant. The Japanese government has ordered people living within 12 and a half miles of the plant to evacuate, and asked those living 12 and a half to 20 miles away to stay indoors. Nuclear power plants create energy using a chemical reaction that produces large amounts of heat. Reactors(反应堆)in Japan have many long, thin rods, called fuel rods(棒), which must be kept cool. If the reactor’s fuel rods aren’t coo led, the reaction can burn out of control. That’s what happened at the two Japanese plants after the quake caused a power failure and the cooling systems malfunctioned(发生故障). This overheating could cause radiation to escape and sicken
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many people. Japan’s 54 nuclear reactors are built to withstand the many small or moderate earthquakes the country faces each year. But Friday’s earthquake was one of the most severe earthquakes ever recorded. People exposed to unsafe levels of radiation have a higher than normal risk of getting cancer. The Japanese government has been distributing potassium iodide(碘化钾)pills to people in the surrounding areas to protect those who may have come in contact with radiation from the power plant. The pills flood the body with healthy potassium iodide. The potassium iodide works to crowd out “bad” iodine in the body that may have been poisoned by radiation. On Tuesday morning, 750 workers left the Fukushima Daiichi plant. However, 50 workers stayed behind to use sweater to cool the fuel rods. These dedicated employees are risking their own lives to save many others. On Thursday, officials used helicopters, fire trucks, and water cannons to spray water on the reactors to cool the fuel rods. But it’s not clear whether these efforts were successful. Officials are now working on a power line to restore electricity to the plant. They hope this will help restart the plant’s cooling system and stop the fuel rods from leaking radiation. 63. The underlined word “evacuate” in Paragraph 1 probably means A.help B.rest C.stop . D. leave

64. What can we learn from the text? A.The local people are scared and ready to run away. B.The earthquake led to many deaths and caused damage to roads. C.The Japanese government has found a kind of pill that can treat cancer. D.The two stations were damaged because their cooling systems didn’t work. 65. In the last paragraph, the author mainly states A.lack of help B.international aids C.the government’s efforts D.the result of the disaster 66. This text is most probably taken from A.a research paper B.a newspaper report C.a class presentation D.a chemistry textbook . .

E
A study led by Professor Mark Weiser of Tel Aviv University and the Sheba Medical Center at Tel Hashomer Hospital has determined that young men who smoke are likely to have lower IQs than their non-smoking peers (同龄人). Tracking 18-to 21-year-old men enlisted in the Israeli army in the largest ever study of its kind, he has been able to demonstrate an important connection

between the number of cigarettes young males smoke and their IQ. The average IQ for a non-smoker was about 101, while the smokers’ average was more than seven IQ points lower, at about 94, the study determined. The IQs of young men who smoked more than a pack a day were lower still, at about 90. An IQ score in a healthy population of such young men, with no mental disorders(心理疾病), falls within the range of 84 to 116. An addiction that doesn’t discriminate(歧视) “In the health profession, we’ve generally thought that smokers are most likely the kind of people who have grown up in difficult neighborhoods, or who’ve been given less education at good schools,” says Weiser, whose study was reported in a recent version of the journal, Addiction, “But because our study included subjects with various socio-economic backgrounds, we’ve been able to rule out socio-economics as a major factor. The government might want to rethink how it arranges its educational resources on smoking. Making the results more significant, the study also measured effects in twin broth ers. In the case where one twin smoked, the non-smoking twin registered a higher IQ on average. Although a lower IQ may suggest a greater risk for smoking addiction, the representing data on IQ and smoking found that most of the smokers investigated in the study had IQs within the average range, nevertheless. In the study, researchers took data from more than 20,000 men before, during and after their time in the military. All men in the study were considered in good health, since pre-screening(筛 选的)measures for suitability in the army had already been taken. The researchers found that around 28 percent of their samples smoked one or more cigarettes a day, 3 percent considered themselves ex-smokers, and 68 percent said they never smoked. “People on the lower end of the average IQ tend to display poorer overall decision-making skills when it comes to their health,” says Weiser. He adds that his finding can help address se rious concern among heath counsellors at grade and high schools. 67. The study led by Professor Mark Weiser shows that . A.the IQ of smoking males is lower than that of non-smokers B.the IQ of smoking males is higher than that of non-smokers C.the IQ of smoking males is the same as that of non-smokers D.the IQ of smoking males is higher than that of female smokers 68. According to the passage, a smoking man’s IQ is most likely to be A.101 B.94 C.80 . D. 120
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69. What can be learned from the passage? A.People in the military are more likely to become smokers than other people. B.Most heavy smokers are found to have mental pr oblems. C.Socio-economic backgrounds have nothing to do with smoking behaviour. D.People with lower IQs tend to be less good at controlling their addiction to smoking. 70. What is the meaning of the underlined part “An addiction that doesn’t discriminate”?

A.Smokers do not believe their IQ is affected by being addicted to smoking. B.All people, no matter what their background, can become addicted to smoking. C.Smoking is an addiction, and we must not discriminate against smokers. D.The addiction to smoking is difficult to get rid of.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分)
第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下列各小题,根据括号内的汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并将 答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 71. With so much work on hand, you (go) 手头有这么多工作,你昨晚本不应该去看电影的。 72. I hear your new boss is not (get) 听说你的新老板不容易相处,因此你应该更小心些。 73. You have no idea affected me for a long time. (go) 你不知道在过去的几个月里我经历了些什么, 而这些影响了我很长时间。 74. Excited by his move to London, John (wait) 约翰因为要搬到伦敦去而激动不已,迫不及待要开始他的新生活。 75. (once) 一旦你掌握了这门技能,你会发现解决这些问题更容易。 76. She wa s (more) 她女儿没有按时回家时,与其说她生气倒不如说她担心。 77. He expressed his gratitude to his head teacher, without wouldn’t have made such great progress in his studies. (help) 他向他的班主任表达了感激之情。 没有他的帮助, 他不可能在学习上取得这么大的进步。 78. This is the second time that he (fine) 这是他这个月第二次因超速而被罚款了。 79. But the one million people of the city, asleep as usual that night. (think) 但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎没有把这些情况当回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 80. Was it on a lonely island down. (save) 他是不是沉船一个月之后在一座孤岛上获救的? 第二节 短文写作 (共 1 题;满分 30 分) 现在,越来越多的大陆游客可以赴台旅游,而日月 潭作为台湾的主要景点,很多人并 one month after the boat went these events, were for speeding this month. , he when her daughter didn’t come home on time. of the skill, you will find it easier to solve such problems. begin his new life. during the last few months, which has , so you should be more careful. to see the movie last night.

不真正了解,请按照以下要点提示,写一篇介绍日月潭(Sun Moon Lake)的英语短文,不少 于 110 词。 1. 日月潭位于台湾的南投县,是台湾最著名的风景区,也是台湾最大的天然湖泊。 2. 湖中央有一岛屿把湖分成两部分,湖的东北部分圆圆的像太阳,而湖的西南部分弯 弯的像月牙,故为日月潭。 3. 日月潭处在山地与西部平原之间,受 3000 万年前喜马拉雅(the Himalayas)造山 运动的影响,由玉山(Mt.Yu)和阿里山(Mt.A-li)之间的断裂(ruptured)盆地 积水而成。

参考答案
科目:英语 考试时间:120 分钟

书面表达 Sample




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