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unit five choose to be alone on purpose


Unit 5 Choose to be alone on purpose

Watch & Talk

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2. Questions for Roommate Agreements

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1)

Study and Sleep Time
? What time do you go to bed? ? What time do you usually wake up? ? Can lights be on when someone is sleeping? Which lights (bathroom/desk/main)? ? Can the radio/TV/computer be on while others are sleeping? If so, until what time? ? Are there going to be study hours? What time? ? Can I have guests in the room during study hours? ? Can I have the radio or TV on during study hours? ? Am I expected to study elsewhere beyond the agreed study hours?

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2) Use of Personal Possessions
? How will you share the common space of the room (living room, bedroom and main room)? ? How will you share the refrigerator space? ? Will you allow your roommates to lend out shared items to people outside the room? Which items? ? Will you purchase items for the room together? How will you share these items?

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3. Gettysburg College

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Gettysburg College was founded in 1832. With a student body of approximately 2,400, Gettysburg College is a highly selective fouryear residential college of liberal arts and sciences located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military P a r k i n P e n n s y l v a n i a .

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4. Harvard University

Statue of John Harvard

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Harvard University is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Founded in 1636, 16 years after the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the University has grown from nine students with a single master to an enrollment of more than 19,000 degree candidates, including undergraduates and graduate students in 10 graduate and professional schools.

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Warming Up

Watch & Talk
Watch the video and tell others what it is mainly about.

Tip:
The first communication of roommates between a British girl and a Chinese girl.

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Life Translated 1

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Warming Up

Let’s Talk
1. What do you think of the British girl in the movie? 2. Do you remember the first roommate(s) you met? Have you become good friends? 3. Would you like to live alone or in company? Why?

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Structure Analysis

Understanding Summary
Reproduction

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Text Study—Structure Analysis

B. Complete the Main Ideas
Para.1 Living alone is a ______________ common social phenomenon in U.S.A. Para.2 People think of living alone as a national disease _______________ or _______________ a characteristic _________________. of American heroes Poets philosophers Paras.3~10 ______, and ___________ prefer living alone for inspiration. Paras.11~13 The life of the solitary people and their to talk need ________. Paras.14~16 The author advises people to stay rational ________, settle down and make themselves comfortable _________ ______________________.

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Text Study—Understanding

II. Question Answering
1. Why is loneliness a sort of national disease in the US? Because there are altogether 22 million of people living alone in their rooms in the US.

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Text Study—Understanding

2. Why do poets like solitude? Because they get inspiration from it, and they feel good about themselves for seeking it out.

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Text Study—Understanding

4. Why is it important for a person living alone to talk to others?
Because it is a basic need of a solitary person.

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Text Study—Understanding

5. Who may the person living in solitude talk to? They may call friends to tell them important things, or talk to himself, his pets, the television, or even to strangers in the supermarket.

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Unit 5

Text analysis

4 5 ? Here we are,
? all by ourselves, 同位语 ? all 22 million of us 同位语(by recent count)(定语 )

? alone in our rooms, (形容词短语作定语)
? some of us liking it that way and some of us not. ? (分词独立主格结构) ? 事实如此,我们孤独无依地生活着。据最近的统计, 共有2,200万人独自生活在自己的住所里。其中有些 人喜欢这种生活,有些却不喜欢。

? Some of us divorced,
? some widowed, ? some never yet committed. ? 有些离了婚,有些鳏寡无伴,也有些从未结过 婚。

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? Loneliness may be a sort of national disease here, and it's more embarrassing for us to admit than any other sin.
? 孤独或许是这里的一种民族弊病,我们羞于承 认它,甚于其他任何罪恶。

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? to be alone on purpose, having rejected company rather than been cast out by it, is one characteristic of an American hero.
? On the other hand, to be alone on purpose, having rejected company rather than been cast out by it, is one characteristic of an American hero ? 而另一方面,故意选择独处,拒绝别人的陪伴 而非为同伴所弃,却是美国式英雄的一个特点 。

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? The solitary hunter or explorer needs no one. ? as they venture out among the deer and wolves to tame the great wild areas.
? The solitary hunter or explorer needs no one as they venture out among the deer and wolves to tame the great wild areas. ? ? 孤独的猎人或探险者去鹿群和狼群中冒险,征 服广袤的荒野时,并不需要有人陪伴。

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? Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town. Now, that's character for you.
? 梭罗独居在湖畔的小屋,有意疏离了城市生活 。现在,这成了你的个性。

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? Inspiration in solitude is a major commodity for poets and philosophers.
? 独处的灵感是诗人和哲学家最有用的东西。

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? They're all for it.
? 他们都赞成独处,

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? They all speak highly of themselves for seeking it out, at least for an hour or even two before they hurry home for tea.
? 都因能够独处而自视甚高,至少在他们匆忙赶 回家喝茶之前的一两个小时之内是这样。

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? Consider Dorothy Wordsworth, for instance, helping her brother William put on his coat, finding his notebook and pencil for him, and waving
? as he sets forth into the early spring sunlight to look at flowers all by himself.

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? 就拿多萝西· 华兹华斯来说吧,她帮哥哥威廉 穿上外衣,为他找到笔记本和铅笔,向他挥手 告别,目送他走进早春的阳光去独自对花沉思 。

? No doubt about it, solitude is improved by being voluntary.

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? 毫无疑问,如果自愿独处,感觉要好得多。

? Look at Milton's daughters arranging his cushions and blankets before they silently creep away, so he can create poetry.

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? 看看弥尔顿的女儿们:她们为他准备好垫子和 毯子,然后蹑手蹑脚地走开,以便他能创作诗 歌。

? Then, rather than trouble to put it in his own handwriting, he calls the girls to come back and write it down (while he dictates).
? 然而他并不自己费神将诗歌写下来,而是唤回 女儿们,向她们口述,由她们记下来。

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? You may have noticed that most of these artistic types went outdoors to be alone.
? 也许你已经注意到,这些艺术家类型的人,大 多是到户外独处,

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? The indoors was full of loved ones keeping the kettle warm (till they came home).
? 而家里则自有亲人备好了热茶,等着他们回家 。

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? The American high priest of solitude was Thoreau.
? 美国的独处代表人物是梭罗。

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? We admire him, not for his self-reliance, but because he was all by himself out there at Walden Pond, and he wanted to be—all alone in the woods.
? 我们钦佩他,并非因为他能自力更生,而是因 为他孤身一人在瓦尔登湖畔生活,他喜欢这样 ──独居在湖畔的树林中。

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? Actually, he lived a mile, or 20 minutes' walk, from his nearest neighbor;
? half a mile from the railroad;

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? three hundred yards from a busy road.
? 实际上,他最近的邻居离他只有一英里,走路 也就20分钟;铁路离他半英里;交通繁忙的大 路距他300码。

? He had company in and out of the hut all day, asking him how he could possibly be so noble.
? 整天都有人进出他的小屋,请教他何以能够如 此高洁。

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? Apparently the main point of his nobility was that
? he had neither wife nor servants, used his own axe to chop his own wood, and washed his own cups and saucers. ? 显然,他的高洁之处主要在于:他既没有妻子 也没有仆人,自己动手用斧头砍柴,自己洗杯 洗碟。

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? I don't know who did his laundry; he doesn't say, but he certainly doesn't mention doing his own, either.
? 我不知道谁为他洗衣服,他没说,但他也肯定 没提是他自己洗。

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? Listen to him: "I never found the companion
? that was so companionable as solitude.“ ? 听听他是怎么说的:“我从未发现比独处更好 的伙伴。”

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? Thoreau had his own self-importance for company. ? 梭罗以自尊自重为伴。
? Perhaps there's a message here: The larger the ego, the less the need for other egos around. ? 也许这里的启示是:自我意识越强,就越不需 要其他的人在周围。

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? The more modest and humble we feel, the more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves inadequate company.
? 我们越是感觉谦卑,就越受孤独的折磨,感到 仅与自己相处远远不够。

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? If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing.
? 若与别人同住,他们的小别会使你感到耳目一 新。

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? If today I use a singular personal pronoun to refer to myself, next week I will use the plural form.
? 如果今天我提到自己时使用的是单数人称代词 ,那么下星期我就会使用复数形式。

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4 5 ? While the others are absent you can stretch out your soul (until it fills up the whole room, and use your freedom),
? coming and going as you please without apology, staying up late to read, soaking in the bath, eating a whole pint of ice cream at one sitting, moving at your own pace.

? 其他人不在的时候,你可以放飞自己的灵魂,让它充 满整个房间。你可以充分享受自由,随意来去而无需 道歉。你可以熬夜读书、大泡浴缸、一口气吃掉整整 一品脱的冰淇淋。你可以按自己的节奏行动。

? Those absent will be back.
? 暂别的人会回来。

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? Their waterproof winter coats are in the closet and the dog keeps watching for them at the window.
? 他们的冬季防水大衣还放在衣橱里,狗也在窗 边密切留意他们归来的身影。

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? But when you live alone, the temporary absence of your friends and acquaintances leaves a vacuum;.
? 但如果你单独居住,那么朋友或熟人的暂时离 别会使你感到空虚,

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? The condition of loneliness rises and falls, but the need to talk goes on forever.
? 孤独的感觉时起时落,但我们却永远需要与人 交谈。

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? It's more basic than needing to listen.
? 这比需要倾听更重要。

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? Oh, we all have friends (we can tell important things to),
? people (we can call to say we lost our job or fell on a slippery floor and broke our arm. ) ? 噢,我们都有朋友,可以把大事要事向他们倾 诉。我们可以打电话对朋友说我们丢了工作, 或者说我们在湿滑的地板上摔倒了,跌断了胳 膊。

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? It's the daily succession of small complaints and observations and opinions that backs up and chokes us.
? The daily succession backs up and chokes us ? . ? The daily succession (of small complaints and observations and opinions) backs up and chokes us. ? 每日不断的琐碎抱怨,对各种事情的看法和意 见,积在那儿,塞满了我们的心。

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? ? ? ?

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We can't really call a friend to say --we got a parcel from our sister, --or it's getting dark earlier now, ---or we don't trust that new Supreme Court justice.

? 我们不会真打电话给一位朋友,说我们收到了 姐姐的一个包裹,或者说现在天黑得比较早, 或者说我们不信任最高法院新来的法官。

? Scientific surveys show that we talk at length to ourselves and our pets and the television.
? Scientific surveys show that we (who live alone ) talk at length to ourselves and our pets and the television.

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? 科学调查表明,独居的人会对着自己、对着宠 物、对着电视机唠叨不休。

? We ask the cat whether we should wear the blue suit or the yellow dress.
? 我们问猫儿今天该穿蓝色套装还是黄色裙装,

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? We ask the parrot if we should prepare steak, or noodles for, dinner.
? 问鹦鹉今天晚餐该做牛排还是面条。

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? We argue with ourselves over who is the greater sportsman: that figure skater or this skier.
? 我们跟自己争论那个花样滑冰选手和这个滑雪 运动员到底谁更了不起。

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5 ? It's good for us, and a lot less embarrassing than the woman who's telling the cashier that

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? woman in front of us in line at the market who's telling the cashier ? that her niece Melissa may be coming to visit on Saturday, and Melissa is very fond of hot chocolate, ( which is why she bought the powdered hot chocolate mix, though she never drinks it herself. )

? 也对我们有好处,而且不像有些人那么令人尴尬:在超市付款 处,排在前面的女人告诉收银员,她的侄女梅利莎星期六可能 会来看她。梅莉莎非常喜欢热巧克力,所以她买了速溶热巧克 力粉,虽然她自己从来不喝这东西。

? It's important to stay rational.
? 重要的是保持理性。

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4 5 ? It‘s important to stop waiting and settle down and make ourselves comfortable, at least temporarily, and find some grace and pleasure in our condition, not like a self-centered British poet but like a patient princess (sealed up in a tower, waiting for the happy ending to our fairy tale).
? 重要的是不再等待,而是安顿下来,使自己过得舒服 ,至少暂时要这样。要在我们自身的条件下发现一些 优雅和乐趣,不要做一个以自我为中心的英国诗人, 而要像一个被关在塔楼里的公主,耐心地等待着我们 的童话故事迎来快乐的结局。

? After all, here we are.
? 毕竟,事已至此,

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? It may not be where we expected to be, but for the time being we might as well call it home.
? 这或许不是我们所期望的局面,但眼下我们不 妨称之为家吧。

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? Anyway, there is no place like home. ? 不管怎么说,没有什么地方比家更好。

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