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应用文写作常用句型和词汇


应用文写作常用句型、词汇及范文 应用文写作常用句型、词汇及范文
历年应用英语能力考试写作部分题型情况 2000 年 6 月 2000 年 12 月 2001 年 6 月 2001 年 12 月 2002 年 6 月 2002 年 12 月 2003 年 9 月 2003 年 12 月 2004 年 6 月 2005 年 1 月 2005 年 6 月 2006 年 6 月

2006 年 12 月 2007 年 6 月 2007 年 12 月 2008 年 6 月 2008 年 12 月 备忘录 Memo 海报或公告(征稿启事)Contribution Wanted 通知 Notice 投诉信 letter of complaint 求职申请回复信 reply to a job application 招聘广告 a job vacancy advertisement of Whirlpool Co. 欢迎美国客人参观公司的备忘录 Memo 电子邮件(旅馆预订 Hotel room reservation) 启事(征稿启事 Contributions Wanted) 询问信和回复(Letter of Inquiry and Reply) 征稿启事(Contributions Wanted) 邀请信(Letter of invitation) 商务信函(询价信) 备忘录 Memo 求职申请信 Application Letter 商务信函 投诉信 letter of complaint

各种应用文出现在三级考试中的频率: 投诉信 2,询问信 1,商务信函 2,邀请信 1, 申请信和回复 2,共 8 次;海报启事(征稿启事)3 次;备忘录 3 次;通知 1 次;广告 1 次; 电子邮件 1 次。其中信函出现频率最高,海报启事和备忘录次之。 学习应用文中的常用句型和词组的目的在于,可以把考试或工作中接触的应用文内容 套用到关键句型中,用一些常用词或词组丰富文章内容,做到以“不变” (常用的变化性不 大的句型和词组)应“万变” (变化的考试内容和工作要求) 。要注意不同应用文的格式,如 备忘录、便条、电子邮件和正式信函的信内地址。 发信人地址(由小到大排列) 日期(月日年) 收信人地址(有小到大排列) 一.求职信(Letter of Application) 信内地址格式 (一)常用句型和词汇: 1. 说明写信目的和缘由:I learned from….that…. (我从…得知…);I am writing to inquire opportunities for… (我写此信想要申请…这一工作); The position that your company advertised aroused my interest a great deal. (你公司在广告中所招聘职位让我很感兴趣。) I would like to apply for the position of …in your company. (我想申请你公司的…一职。 I am now interested in ) moving to another more demanding position.(我现在想从事一个更有挑战性的工作。) 2. 强调与求职岗位相关的教育背景、工作经历与资历:I graduated from …with degree in…/with … as my major (我毕业于…获得…学位/专业是…。) After graduation, I was involved in… (毕业后,我从事…。)I have been working as …for …years.(我从事…工作已…年。)I am skilled in/ good at…(我擅长…) I had good performance in every course, especially in…(我每门 课成绩都很好,特别是…。) 3. 阐述职业目标: trust that I am capable of doing the work well. (我相信我能干好这个工作。 I )
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I believe that I am well qualified for the position as…(我相信我定能胜任作为…的工作。) 4. 请求面试机会:I enclose my resume which shows details of my qualification, experience and present salaries. (我随信附上我的个人简历, 其中详细说明了我的个人能力、 工作经验和现在 的薪酬。 I expect an interview at your convenience. (我期待着您方便时给我面试机会。 I look ) ) forward to hearing from you in the near future. (我希望不久后收到您的回复。) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1.要求:请以王曼丽的名义写一封求职信。王曼丽,24 岁,毕业于北京联合大学,主修企业 管理,各门课程都优良。学过速记和打字,速度各为每分钟 90 字和 70 字。请为她拟出一份 给 ABC 公司人力资源部的求职信, 希望能在该公司谋得总经理秘书一职。 请注意书信格式。 写信日期为 2009 年 5 月 2 日。 May 2nd, 2009 The Human Resources Department of ABC Company Dear Sir or Madam, The position that your company advertised aroused my interest a great deal. I believe that I am well qualified for the position as the secretary of the general manager. I graduated from Beijing Union University two years ago with Business Administration as my major. I had good performance in every course, especially in shorthand and typing with 90 wpm and 70 wpm respectively. As a 24-year-old young girl, I am now interested in working in a reputable company such as ABC. I enclosed with my resume for your review and appreciate an interview at your earliest convenience. Thank you for your attention. Yours Respectfully Wang Manli 2.要求: 请给西姆森公司人事部主任(Personnel Director of Simson Company) 上海玲珑路 120 ( 号,邮编:200040)写一封求职信。写信日期为 2009 年六月二十日。内容:要应聘贵单位 刊登在昨天的中国日报上的招聘职位。 我生于 1987 年, 在北京联合大学获得理学学士学位 (diploma of science),从事电力工程(electrical engineering)工作三年,我相信我能够胜任贵单 位的工作。随信寄上个人简历,如满意,请寄来申请表,如需要面试,请通知我。期待着能 够受到您的答复,感谢您考虑我的申请。 Personnel Director of Simson Company 120 LingLong Road Shanghai 200040 Dear Sir or madam, I would like to apply for the position advertised in yesterday’s China Daily. I was born in 1987 and graduated from Beijing Union University with diploma of science in electrical engineering. I have been working as an electrical engineer for 3 years and I trust I am qualified to fill your position. I am enclosed a resume of my life history. Please send an application forms that you want me to fill out and let me know if you want an interview. I look forward to hearing from you and appreciate your consideration of my application. Yours faithfully Zhang Ming (三) 作业:请按要求写一封求职信。你是刘明,毕业于北京联合大学,获得理学学士学位。 看到昨天《人才市场报》的招聘市场销售部经理助理的广告,你想申请这份工作。你有两年
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的市场销售方面的工作经验,自认为能胜任这份工作。随信附上个人简历,期待回复。写信 时间为 2009 年 4 月 25 日。必须包括对收信人的称谓,发信人的签名,时间等基本格式。 二.招聘信/招聘广告(Letter of Job Vacancy/ Job Advertisement) (一)常用句型和词汇: Competitive salary (薪水优厚) good benefits package(良好的福利)high ethical standards(职业水 准高)private medical insurance(医疗保险)Those who can….are preferred.(能…者优先考虑。) Those who are interested in please send your CV by email/fax to (感兴趣者可将个人简历通过电 邮/传真发往…) an outgoing personality (性格外向) salary negotiable (薪水可议)adaptable (适 应能力强) enthusiastic (热情的) cooperative (合作的) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1.请根据下列信息登一则招聘广告。家乐福超市拟招聘几名助理经理,应聘者条件:性格外 向能合作;能独立工作;有一定工作经验。一经聘用,工资优厚,带薪培训,有提升机会以 及更多福利。感兴趣者可将个人简历通过电邮发往 Mike Smith@yahoo.com.cn Wanted Carrefour is now hiring for the following position: Assistant Managers. Candidates should be: 1) Cooperative and outgoing; 2) Be able to work independently; 3) Have some working experiences. Carrefour offers: 1) Good salary; 2) Paid training; 3) Opportunity for advancement;4) More benefits package. Those who are interested in please send your CV by email to Mike Smith @ yahoo.com.cn. (三) 作业:(2002 年 12 月真题) Whirlpool 是一家著名的生产和经营家用电器的公司,现招 聘销售经理(marketing manager)一人。 条件(qualifications): 中国公民(citizen), 1) 年龄在 35-40 岁之间;2)销售学(marketing)或相关领域(related fields)的大专文凭(college diploma);3)具 有至少 5 年的销售经验;4)具有良好的英语会话和写作能力(proficiency in…);5)愿意经 常出差;6)熟练掌握(good at)计算机技能。 三. 感谢信与道歉信(letter of thanks and letter of apology) (一)常用句型和词汇: 1. 感谢信: Thank you for your help in… (感谢您在…方面的帮助。) I am most grateful to you for… (非常感谢您…。) I really appreciate your help.(非常感谢您的帮助。) I want to thank you heartily for what you have done. (对您所作的一切我表示由衷的感谢。) 2. 道 歉 信 : inconvenience ( 不 便 ) unfortunate ( 不 幸 ) complain( 抱 怨 ) annoyed ( 不 安 ) unsatisfactory (不满意) accept one’s apology (接受某人的道歉) put the matter right (更正) I must apologize to you for… (我必须向你道歉,因为…) I regret to tell you that…(我很抱歉地 告诉你…。) I write to you to express my deep regret. (我写此信向你表示深深的歉意。)I’m writing to you to ask you to excuse me for…(我写此信请求你为…原谅我。)I must apologize for my delay in answering your letter.(没能及时回复您的信件,我必须道歉。) Please accept a sincere apology for my not keeping my promise. (请你接受我无法遵守诺言的诚挚道歉。) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1. 请就下述内容给玛丽写一封感谢信。 今早受到了你寄来的礼物—一台精巧的数码照相机, 非常感谢。这份礼物真是太好了,会带给我许多快乐。再次感谢你的关心。李阳。 Dear Mary, Thank you very much for the nice digital camera which I received this morning. It is truly an attractive gift and that would bring me many hours of happiness and delight. I sincerely thanks for your thoughtfulness.
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Yours ever, Li Yang 2.请就下述内容给丽丽写一封道歉信。恐怕我们下周无法去听音乐会了,因为我把票丢了。 我四处寻找,可是找不到。我太粗心大意了。不过我会试图找两张其他时间的票,不知 你哪天方便?为给你带来的不便表示歉意。 Nov. 29th, 2008 Dear Lily, I’m afraid that we can’t go to the concert next week. I’ve lost the ticket. I looked for them everywhere, but they simply disappeared. I must apologize for being so careless. I’ll try to get hold of two tickets again for some other day. Which date will be suitable for you? I’m sorry for causing all this inconvenience for you. Yours Susan (三)作业:1. 你的供货商(supplier)Mr. Johns 昨晚邀请你共进晚餐。请你写一封感谢信, 表达你对他好客(hospitality)的谢意,并告知他你十分珍惜和他的公司建立的长期合作关系 (long-established relationship),希望来年增加业务往来。 2.请给 IBM 的销售经理 Martin Hill(marketing manager)写一封道歉信,对没有及时回复他以 前的两封要求计算机键盘的供货单(quotation for the supply of computer keyboard)的信表示歉 意。解释这是因为办公室装修(decoration)而产生的延误(delay),并将所需供货单附上 (enclosed)。 四.祝贺信(letter of congratulation) (一)常用句型和词汇:Congratulations on one’s promotion/marriage/success in…/graduation from…/excellent performance in … (祝贺…荣升/ 结婚/成功/毕业/出色表现。) I am delighted but not surprised by your success. (我对你的成功感到很欣喜但并不感到吃惊。) Congratulate you on…;It is quite an accomplishment for… (对于…, 祝贺你; 这的确在…是个了不起的成 就。) We look forward to the continuing growth/ future success/later promotion.(我们期待着你继 续发展/未来的成功/今后的荣升。) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1.你刚获悉你的朋友 David Simpson,刚刚建立了自己的广告代理机构。请你写一封道贺信, 信中表明你坚信他会取得成功, 并诚挚地希望他在这家新的机构中找到属于自己的幸福和满 足。 Dear David, I have learnt that you have just started your own advertising agency. Congratulations! With your brilliant background and long record of fine achievements, I’m sure your new agency will be a great success. I sincerely hope that you will find in this new agency the happiness and satisfaction you so richly deserved. Yours truly Michael Smith 2.你得知你的朋友的新公司将要投入运营,请你写一封道贺信表明自己的祝福。 Dear Joe, How wonderful it is to learn your new company will be open and be ready for business! Congratulations to you and all your colleagues. With your experience and ability in the trade, I know your company will be a huge success. And I am sure you will make much profit in near future.
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Please accept my warmed congratulations and best wishes. Yours Sincerely Bob Scott (三) 作业: Smith 被任命 (appoint) 为公司北京地区的部门经理 Mr. (regional manager for) , 你向他表示祝贺。 认为他的热情和经验正是这个职位所需要的。 你希望他在管理分部的事务 时获得成功。同时,你和你的同事一起向他表示祝贺。 五.投诉信(letter of complaint) (一)常用句型和词汇: Make a claim against… (向…索赔);be responsible for the loss of the goods in transit(为货物在 运输中的损失负责); up to our standard(达不到我们的标准); not request immediate replacement of the damaged goods (请立即调换受损物品);We have reached an agreement regarding your claim on… (我们已就…的索赔达成协议。 The matter has been settled.(此事已解决。 ) )enclosed please find…(随信附上…)I feel sorry that I have to write this letter of complaint because… (很抱 歉我们不得不写这封投诉信因为…。 Please arrange for immediate packaging/shipment/sending ) of goods etc. (请安排立即包装/装运/运货。)Please inform me when the goods will arrive here.(请通知我方货物到达的时间。)We would appreciate it if you can send…(如贵方能寄来… 我方将不胜感激。) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1.请就下述内容写一封投诉信。你上个月去上海出差时,在书店买了一本英汉词典,回家后 仔细翻阅时发现缺了几十页,非常恼火。随信将词典寄去,要求换一本好的尽快寄来。 To Whom It May Concern, I am writing the letter to complain an English-Chinese dictionary which I bought in your shop last month when I was in Shanghai on business. When I got home, I found dozens of pages of the dictionary are missing. I felt very upset and disappointed. Now I send you the dictionary with this letter and strongly wish that you would change a perfect one and send it to me as soon as possible. Yours truly Wang Gang 2.请你写一封致 Horace 超市(101,Main Street, Michigan 48248)的投诉信。信中说明你上周在 该超市购得一台洗衣机,当时机器运转正常,但昨天在家中机器发出噪音。这台洗衣机在该 超市保修期为一年,你向超市咨询维修事宜。 Complaint Office, Horace Supermarket 101, Main Street, Michigan 48248 Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing this letter to complain about a washing machine I recently bought at your supermarket. I bought the washing machine only last week. It worked well when I first took it home. But yesterday, when I ran it, the machine made terrible noises. I was very surprised. Since the machine has one-year guarantee, I wonder what I should do with it. I would be pleased if you could contact me about it at earliest convenience. My mobile-phone number is:12345678. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours truly Zhang Hong (三)作业:(2002 年 1 月真题)假设你是王兰,上月去广州出差时(be on business),在一家 商店买了一台数码相机(digital camera), 并在广州拍了一些照片, 回家后将胶卷冲洗(develop)
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出来,却发现什么也没有照上,因此非常恼火。今天给该店信投诉,并寄回相机,坚决要求 退款(refund)。 六.个人简历(resume) (一)常用句型和词汇: 一份完整的英文个人简历所能包括的内容有:1) 个人资料或个人详情:name, sex, date of birth, place of birth, marital status (婚姻状况,single 单身,married 已婚) height, weight, health, address, e-mail address;2) 应聘职位(job objective):Assistant manager (副经理),branch manager (部门经理), director of operations (运营总监), controller (管理员), general manager (总 经理),import/export manager(进出口经理),product manager(产品经理),project manager(项 目经理),service manager(服务经理)等;3)工作经历: I have been working as….4) 教育程度, 学历情况: part-time jobs (兼职) , scholarship (奖学金) , excellent leader (优秀干部) , off-job training (脱产培训) ,in-job training (在职培训) ,master (硕士) ,bachelor (学士) ,social practice (社会实践) ,summer jobs (暑期工作) ,student council (学生会) ,degree (学位) , curriculum (课程); 4) 技术资历与特殊技能 (technical qualifications and special skills): I have won…. (我获得了…) ;5) 荣誉与奖励(honors and rewards):I have won… (我获得了…) ; 6) 个 人品质: active 主动活跃的, energetic 精力充沛的, competent 能胜任的, cooperative 有合作精 神的, creative 富创造力的, adaptable 适应性强的, ingenious 有独创性的, dependable 可靠的, dutiful 尽职的, efficient 有效率的, independent 有主见的, precise 一丝不苟的, dedicated 有奉献 精神的, punctual 严守时刻的, responsible 负责的。 英文简历的项目 Resume Name: Date of Birth: Health: Marital Status: Address: E-mail: Telephone Number: Job Objective(应聘职位): Educational Background (教育背景从现在往过去写): Professional/Work Experience(工作经历从现在往过去写): Technical Qualifications &Special Skills(技术资历与特殊技能): Social Activities(社会活动): Honors &Rewards(荣誉与奖励): Hobbies &Interests(兴趣与爱好): References(证明人):

Nationality:

(二)范文: 1. Resume Name:Zhao Min Sex: Male Health: Excellent Nationality: Chinese Marital Status: Single Address: No.5 West DaWang Road, Chao Yang District, Beijing Telephone: 1234568 E-mail: Tozhao@sina.com.cn Job Objective: a computer programmer Educational Background: 2000-2004 Beijing Union University major in computer science, 2010 Bachelor of Science in computer science Work experience: Aug. 2007-Jan.2009: managing assistant, HP Company, Beijing Sept. 2004-July 2007: computer programmer, IBM Company, Beijing Special Skills: Obtained Certificate of CET-4 and Certificate of Computer Programming Engineer, Excellent English, good at English speaking and writing
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Honors &Rewards: University’s First-class Scholarship, Member of the Outstanding Students Hobbies &Interests: Swimming, reading and traveling References: Available upon request 2.请根据以下内容填写个人简历表: (2001 年 6 月真题)1) 申请人: 张亚丽 女 1974 年 5 月 4 日生于北京, 已婚。 1992 年毕业于北京五中, 2) 1992-1996 年在北京外国语大学英语系读书, 获得文学学士学位。3) 毕业后在上海大学任教,擅长翻译并做过翻译工作。现得知贵公司 拟招聘英语译员,因此想调换工作。联系地址:上海市松江路 4 号, 电话:65877910 Name:ZhangYali Sex: Female Marriage: Married th Place of Birth: Beijing Tel. No. 65877910 Date of Birth: May 4 , 1974 Educational Experience: 1. 1992-1996 Studied and graduated from the English Department of Beijing Foreign Study University, Bachelor of Arts; 2. 1992 graduated from the Fifth Beijing Middle School Work Experience: I have been working at Shanghai University as a teacher since graduation in 1996. I am skilled at translation and have experience in doing part-time job as a translator. I am interested in the position of translator offered by your company. (三)作业: 请根据提示完成以下的个人简历表。李爱华,男,1980 年 5 月 16 日出生,未婚,家住北京 市复兴路 61 号。2001 年以优异的成绩毕业于北京计算机学院计算机系,获得计算机科学专 业的理学学士学位。英语口语流利。喜欢游泳和上网。欲求计算机程序员工作。 Resume Name: ______________ Address:_______________ Date of birth: ________________ Sex: Male Marital Status: single Job objective: Seek a job as __________________________ Education: Graduated_______________________________ Foreign language: _______________________________ Hobbies: ____________________________________ 七.邀请信及回复信(Letter of Invitation &Reply) (一)常用句型和词汇: 1.发出邀请:I would like to invite you to dinner at…. (我想邀请您在….共进晚餐。)I hope you could come/join us at….(我希望你能来…加入我们。)I look forward to your coming/early reply/meeting you.(我期待你的到来/尽早回复/见到你。) 2. 接受邀请: Thank you. I’ll be happy to come. (谢谢, 我很高兴接受你的邀请。 )Thank you for your invitation.(谢谢你的邀请。)I’d be glad to come.(我很高兴前往。) 3. 拒绝邀请:I’d love to, but I can’t come. (我很想参加,但是来不了。)Thank you for the invitation, but I’m afraid I can’t ….because… (谢谢你的邀请,但恐怕我无法…因为…) (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 1.假设你的老板 Mr. Howard 想邀请 Mr. Smith 以及他的雇员参加 4 月 28 日,周二晚 8 点在 假日饭店二楼舞厅举行的舞会。请你为他写一封邀请信。 April 26th, 2009 Dear Mr. Smith, Our company has planned to hold a dancing party to mark New Year’s Day, and is inviting our clients to it. Therefore, Mr. Howard would like to invite you and your clients to our party with the following details:
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Place: Dance Hall, 2nd Floor, Holiday Inn Time: 8:00 p.m. Date: April 28th, Tuesday Your presence would be our greatest honor. We would appreciate it if you could confirm your acceptance of our invitation by telephone before April 27th .We look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully Mike Howard 2.请根据以下内容写一封邀请信。被邀请人:布朗夫妇;内容:很久不见,甚为想念。特邀 请二位于 2009 年 5 月 15 日下午 6 时来家吃晚饭,饭后一起去听音乐会,请务必光临。邀请 人:怀特夫妇。邀请时间:2009 年 5 月 13 日。 May 13th, 2009 Dear Mrs. &Mr. Brown, How time flies! is long time since we met each other last time. We miss you very much. It We would like to invite you to dinner at our home at 6 p.m. on May 15th, 2009. After the dinner we will go to the concert together. We hope you will be sure to come. Yours Sincerely Mr. and Mrs. White (三)作业:(2003 年 6 月真题) 请按照下列提示写一封邀请信和回复信。请按英文信件的格式将其写在作文纸上。 邀请信:发信人,张玲;内容:邀请 Jane 暑假期间到北京来度假;你将陪同她游览 长城、故宫和颐和园;请回信告知是否能来。发信日期: 2003 年 6 月 20 日 回复信:回信人,Jane;内容,感谢并接受张玲的邀请,决定七月初来北京。回信 日期:2003 年 6 月 25 日。 八.推荐信(Letter of Recommendation) (一)常用句型和词汇: 1.开头常用表示“乐意推荐…到…”的句子。I have much pleasure in ecommending Mr.× to(谁)for(职位). It is my pleasure to recommend…. 2. 描 述 被 推 荐 人 的 褒 奖 词 : 1) 能 力 : capable,talented,outstanding,competent ; 2) 勤 奋 : diligent,industrious,hardworking ; 3) 品 行 : honest, helpful,kind-hearted,generous, devoted, faithful, creative, cooperative。 3. 结尾常用表示“本人愿意推荐×能胜任×,恳请考虑。 ”的句子。I should appreciate it very much if you would consider his/her candidacy favorably.I sicerely hope you will give him favorable consideration. (二)范文: (请关注划线部分的关键句型) 请以教师张红的名义写一封推荐信,向 Mr. Williams 介绍你的学生刘义。该生毕业后拟到贵 校继续深造,攻读硕士学位。刘义勤奋刻苦,乐于助人,肯定能成为老师的好帮手。如能考 虑不胜感激。 Dear Mr. Williams, I would like to introduce my student, Liu Yi to you. Mr. Liu planned to go to study at your university for his M.A. degree. He is very diligent and helpful. I am sure that she will become one of the top students in your university and a good assistant to you if he can be accepted. I’ll appreciate much if you would consider his candidacy favorably. Yours truly
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Zhang Hong (三)作业:以下是一封不完整的推荐信,请根据汉语提示完成这封推荐信。 Dear Mr. Williams, 1)________________________________________________ (我非常荣幸地向您推 荐我的学生李燕在贵公司担任会计 accountant 一职。) Li Yan is one of my best students.2)_______________________________________. (她在金融学和会计学课程中成绩突出。)She is not only outstanding in learning, but also a________________ (有才华,诚实,善良和富有合作精神的) girl.__________________ (她担 任会计工作五年了) after graduation, so she is experienced in the field. As her teacher, __________________ (我为她感到骄傲。 )____________________(您 如能考虑录用她,我将不胜感激。) Yours faithfully Liu Wei Professor of he Economic Department 九.预订或订购信(letter of reservation or order letter) (一)范文:请按下列要求写一封订购信。写信人:S. Johnson,Walter, Gregson Co.;写信人 地址:50 North Columbia Street, New York City,U.S.A.;写信时间:January 28, 2005;收信单 位: The Tokyo Trading Co. Ltd.,Tokyo, Japan。 内容: 我公司经常受到拉丁美洲客户来函询价, 如贵公司提供的商品价廉物美,则可向贵公司大量订购。望早日收到贵公司样品与价目表。 Waler Gregson Co. 50 North Columbia Street New York City, USA January 28, 2005 The Tokyo Trading Co. Ltd. Tokyo,Japan Dear Tanaca, We often receive inquiries about the Japanese toys from our friends in Latin America.Thus we shall be able to give you considerable orders if the goods’ quality is good and the price moderate.I’m looking forward to receiving your samples and price list at your earlier convenience. Yours truly Walter Gregson Co. S. Johson (三)作业: (2003 年 12 月真题)根据下列信息写预订旅馆的电子邮件。写信人:Li Qiang 写 信 时 间 : 2003 年 12 月 20 日 ; 收 信 单 位 : Reservaion Office ; 电 子 邮 件 地 址 : groupsales@aston.com;入住时间:2003 年 12 月 25 日至 27 日;预订房间:一个带浴室的单 人房间,三个带浴室的双人房。将于 12 月 26 日下午租用会议室一间,进行业务洽谈。请尽 早回复,告知是否有空房(vacancy) ,房价和是否需要预付押金(pay a deposit) 。 十.询问信(Letters of Inquiry) (一)范文:请写一封涵盖以下内容的询问信。1)寄信人姓名:王刚(head of the English Department) ;地址:北京联合大学英语部,北京朝阳区北四环 5 号,100016;2)收信人姓 名: Tony Longman, 销售经理 (marketing manager) 地址: ; Hope Software Ltd. 7 Wilis Gardens, New York,U.S.A. 54321;3)内容:询问面向教师和学习者的软件(software)和光驱 (CD-ROMS)的详细情况,如教学内容适合的人群,价格和支付方式。
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Wang Gang,Head of the English Department Beijing Union University 5, North 4th Ring ,Chaoyang District Beijing, 100016 May 15th, 2009 Tony Longman, Marketing Manager Hope Software Ltd. 7 Willis Gardens, New York, 54321 Dear Mr. Longman, I am particularly intereted in some softwares and CD-ROMs on English learning. They are very helpful to both teachers and students. I would like to order some.Would you please tell me full details about your goods, such as what levels of learners they are applied for, the price and the terms of payment, etc.? I look forward to your early reply. Yours faithfully, Wang Gang (二)作业:说明: (2005 年 1 月真题)根据下列中文信息拟一封询价信和一封报价信。 询价信(Letter 1): ( 1. 发信人:Mr. David Johnson 2. 收信人:Mr. Peter Kevil 3. 发信日期:2004 年 11 月 29 日 4. 内容:Mr. David Johnson 欲购买 Mr. Peter Kevil 所在的 HP 公司生产的激光打印机 (jet printer),写信了解有关价格以及售后服务(after-sale service)的情况。 报价信(letter 2): 1. 发信人:Mr. Peter Kevil 2. 收信人:Mr. David Johnson 3. 发信日期:2004 年 12 月 6 日 4. 内容: Peter Kevil 非常感谢 Mr. David Johnson 对他们公司生产的激光打印机感 Mr. 兴趣, 随信附上目录(cataloge)以及价目表, 并告知 HP 公司为客户提供优良的服务。 不仅如此,如果购买的数量较大,还可以享受折扣(discount)。 十一.便条(Note) (一)作业:请按要求写一个请假便条。 日期:2005 年 1 月 22 日 事由:休年假申请 总经理先生: 我希望能在 1 月 25 日至 31 日请年假(annual leave)。不知可否?
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今年的春节(Spring Festival)是 2 月 1 日。这是中国最重要的节日。但是过去三年由于工 作繁忙,我没有回家过春节。今年的工作我已经完成,我想从 1 月 25 日至 31 日请假(ask for a leave),以便于春节假期前可以回到家里。如果能获准(grant)请假,我将不胜感激。 十二.通知(Notice) (一)常用句型和词汇: Notice is hereby given that…. (兹通知…) This is to announce that…. (兹通知…) (二)范文: 1. Notice All teachers and students are requested to meet in the department conference room on Tuesday (May 16) at 2:30 p.m. to hear a report o “WTO and Modern China”. The English Department Office May 12th, 2009 2. English Party The students’ Union is organizing an English Party at the coming weekend. All performances will be given by the staff members and the students. Why not join us for an exciting evening? It’s a chance to enjoy yourself and improve your English. Time: 7:30 p.m. August 19th. Place: Room 101, the main building. All are warmly welcomed. The Student Union August 18th, 2009 (三)作业:(2001 年 6 月真题)请以公关部(Department of Public Relation)的名义给所有员工 写一份通知,请他们为公司活动献计献策(make proposals)。1)历史与现状:成立 20 年,规 模和经济效益可观(considerable scope and economic benefits); 庆祝活动: 2) 举行一系列活动, 庆祝(celebrate)取得的成就(achievement);3)欢迎献计献策:被采用者有奖,将所提建议送 往本部门办公室。 十三.海报(Poster) 作业: (2004 年 6 月真题)请按下列内容写一则征稿海报(Contributions Wanted)。内容:1) 本报出版(publish)日期为每个月的 15 日; 欢迎下列各种形式和体裁的稿件(contributions of 2) all forms)。各部门情况的报告;对公司生产和销售的建议;员工业余生活。3) 来稿请勿超 过 1000 字,英文来稿要求打印(be typed)。4)来稿如不采用(if not adopted),三个月内退还 (return to)作者。5)联系人:公关部(Public Relation Department)刘月 十四. 启事/公告(Announcement) (一) 范文: 请根据以下提示写一个出租或销售公寓的告示。 该公寓位于: 312 Round Street, East District,London;功能:位于三层,有两个卧室,一个餐厅,一个客厅,一个厨房和 浴室;内部设施:水电气,电话,宽带一应俱全;售价:?120000;租价:?1200 per month; 代理人(agent) :Mr. John Singer, Tel 071-2468022(office time) Aparment To Let or For Sale An apartment which is located at 312 Round Street,East District,London, is to let or for sale.The apartment with 2 bedrooms, one dining-room, a living room, kitchen and a bath room is on the third floor. The inner facilities such as water, electricity, gas,telephone and wide band internet are available.The rent is ?1200 per month and the sale price is ?120000. If you are interesed, please call Mr. John Singer at office time for more details. The telephone number is 071-2468022. (二)作业: (2003 年 6 月真题)请按下列要求写一则公告。1)是由:欢迎美国学生来我
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校参观(come for a visit)。2)时间:2003 年 6 月 22 日上午 9:00 至 11:00;3)具体安排: 8: 在校门口欢迎客人; 9: 40 4) 00-10: 在接待室(reception room)开欢迎会(welcome party); 30 5)10:30-11:30 参观校园(campus)和实验室;6)11;30 在学生食堂(student canteen)共进 午餐;7)13:30 在校门口送别(see sb. off) 十五.电话记录 (Telephone Message) (一)范文:请按电话记录格式给总经理留言。1)艾伦打来电话,要求明早 9 点见面。2) 麦克明早 10:00 会来电话,联系展销会事宜。3)安娜打来电话说她明天下午离开这里去纽 约,请给她回电。 To: the G.M. Date: May 10th, 2009 From: Allen, Mike and Anna Message: 1.Allen called that he wanted a meeting at 9:00 a.m. tomorrow. 2. Mike will make a phone call about the Sales Exhibition at about 10 a.m. tomorrow. 3. Anna called saying that she would leave for New York tomorrow afternoon. She wanted you to call back. Message taken by: John, assistant of the G.M. (二)作业: (2001 年 6 月真题)说明:按电话留言的格式和要求,以秘书名义给 Mr. White 写一份电话留言,包括以下内容:1)来电人:Mr. Johnson of Honeywell Co.; 2) 来电时间: 2001 年 6 月 25 日上午 10 点; 内容: Johnson 明天要出差去北京。 3) Mr. 因此原定与 Mr. White 后天上午的约会(appointment)只能取消(cancel)。等出差回来后再与 Mr. White 约时间会面 (contact ..for another appointment)。 十六.备忘录(Memo) (一)范文: 请于 2004 年 1 月 15 日写一份经理发给采购销售部总监的备忘录。 内容如下: 令我感到奇怪 的是桑普森公司直到本月底才能将咖啡和其余的茶叶发给我们。 我们已经收到了一家新的供 货商,因此请取消与他们的订货。 Memo To: Purchasing and Sales Supervisor From: Manager Re (Subject): R.J. Thompson Date: January 15th, 2004 I am very surprised that R. J. Thompson Company is not going to deliver the coffee and the rest of the tea until the end of the month. We have now found a new supplier, so please cancel our order with them. (二) 作业:请以总经理秘书的名义给总经理写一份备忘录,内容如下:1)ABC 进出口公司 经理王刚(the manager of ABC Import and Export Company)上午 9:00 打来电话,说对方至今 未收到我方的货物。若我方尚未发货(deliver the goods),必须立即与他本人取得联系,否则 将取消订货合同(cancel the order);2)CBA 公司经理王明(Wang Ming)先生上午 10 时来 拜 访 (visit) 总 经 理 。 他 希 望 与 总 经 理 讨 论 在 本 市 设 立 一 家 食 品 厂 的 事 (opening a food factory) 。总经理正在开会,无法接见。刘先生将于下周一离开。请总经理下午打电话给他 (call him back)。 十七.传真(Fax) (一)范文:以 Mr. John Smith 的名义,按下列内容给 Miss Karen Thompson 发一份传真。 收件人:Miss Karen Thompson;发件人:Mr. John Smith,WEH Company;日期:2009 年 5
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月 3 日;抄送(Cc) :Mr. Allen Broad, Sales Dpt.;总页数:1 页;事由:Mr. John Smith 所 在的 WEH Company 欲购买两台贵公司生产的打印机,型号为 MH387BC 和 MK989AE, 他 想进一步了解这两种打印机的情况以及最新报价,希望能给予回复。 To: From: Subject: Cc: Urgent________ Miss Karen Thompson Mr. John Smith Inquiry Mr. Allen Broad, Sales Dpt. For Review_______ Please Comment____ Please Peply_√_____ Fax No. Date: Page: 94 8 16-18-20 May 3rd,2009 1

Dear Miss Karen Thompson, We intend to buy two printers, Model MH387BC and MK989AE, produced by your company. Will you please kindly send me detailed information about the two models, as well as your latest quotations? I’m looking forward to your reply. Sincerely yours, John Smith 作业答案: 1. 作业:请按要求写一封求职信。你是刘明,毕业于北京联合大学,获得理学学士学位。 看到昨天《人才市场报》的招聘市场销售部经理助理的广告,你想申请这份工作。你有两年 的市场销售方面的工作经验,自认为能胜任这份工作。随信附上个人简历,期待回复。写信 时间为 2009 年 4 月 25 日。必须包括对收信人的称谓,发信人的签名,时间等基本格式。 Dear Sir or Madam, I would like to apply for the position as a manager assistant of marketing department advertised in Job Market. I am 23 years of age. I graduated from Beijing Union University with a Bachelor of Science. I have got two years’ working experience in marketing and I trust I am qualified to fill your position. I am enclosing a resume of my life history as you requested. Please send any application forms that you want me to fill out and let me know if you want an interview. I am looking forward to hearing from you and appreciate your consideration of my application. Yours faithfully, Liu Ming 2. 作业:(2002 年 12 月真题) Whirlpool 是一家著名的生产和经营家用电器的公司,现招聘 销售经理(marketing manager)一人。条件(qualifications):1)中国公民(citizen),年龄在 35-40 岁之间;2)销售学(marketing)或相关领域(related fields)的大专文凭(college diploma);3)具 有至少 5 年的销售经验;4)具有良好的英语会话和写作能力(proficiency in…);5)愿意经 常出差;6)熟练掌握(good at)计算机技能。 Wanted Whirlpool Corporation is a famous manufacture and marketer of electrical home appliance with headquarters in Tianjin. It has more than 20 branches over the country. We are seeking for one sales manager now. 1. Chinese citizen, aged 35-40; 2. With college diploma in Marketing, Economics od related fields; 3. Minimum of 5 years’ experience in sales management; 4. Proficiency in English speaking and writing; 5. Willing to travel frequently; 6. Good at using a computer. Those interested please contact Mr. John at 28476669.
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3. 作业:1) 你的供货商(supplier)Mr. Johns 昨晚邀请你共进晚餐。请你写一封感谢信,表达 你对他好客(hospitality)的谢意,并告知他你十分珍惜和他的公司建立的长期合作关系 (long-established relationship),希望来年增加业务往来。 2)请给 IBM 的销售经理 Martin Hill(marketing manager)写一封道歉信,对没有及时回复他以 前的两封要求计算机键盘的供货单(quotation for the supply of computer keyboard)的信表示歉 意。解释这是因为办公室装修(decoration)而产生的延误(delay),并将所需供货单附上 (enclosed)。 1) Dear Mr. Johns, I am writing to express my thanks to you again for your hospitality at the dinner last night. The food was wonderful and I enjoyed every minute of the evening. I highly value our long-established business relationship with your company and look forward to increasing our business in the coming years. Yours faithfully Mike Lawrence 2) Martin Hill, Marketing Manager, IBM Co-Operation August 15, 2004 Dear Mr. Hill, Thank you for your two letters requesting a quotation for the supply of computer keyboards. I apologize for the delay in answering them and for any trouble caused by this delay. Our company had all the offices decorated last month and has caused delay in all our works. I enclosed a copy of our latest quotation for the supply of computer keyboards. Please accept our sincere apologies for the inconvenience caused by the delay. Yours truly Steve Yang 4. 作业:Mr. Smith 被任命 (appoint) 为公司北京地区的部门经理(regional manager for) , 你向他表示祝贺。 认为他的热情和经验正是这个职位所需要的。 你希望他在管理分部的事务 时获得成功。同时,你和你的同事一起向他表示祝贺。 Dear Smith, I have just heard that you have been appointed the company’s regional manager for the Beijing area. I know that your enthusiasm and experience are the very qualities that are needed for the position. I wish you every success I managing the affairs of the branch. My colleague and I send our warmest congratulations to you. Yours, John Summers 5. (2002 年 1 月真题)假设你是王兰,上月去广州出差时(be on business),在一家商店买了一 台数码相机(digital camera),并在广州拍了一些照片,回家后将胶卷冲洗(develop)出来,却 发现什么也没有照上,因此非常恼火。今天给该店信投诉,并寄回相机,坚决要求退款 (refund)。 Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing this letter to complain about a camera which I bought in your shop last month when I was in Guangzhou on business. I took some pictures there with it. But when I got home and had the film developed, I found no pictures printed at all. I am very upset about it. I have already sent the camera back to you by post and strongly insist that you refund me as soon as
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possible. Yours Faithfully Wang Lan 6. 请根据提示完成以下的个人简历表。李爱华,男,1980 年 5 月 16 日出生,未婚,家住北 京市复兴路 61 号。2001 年以优异的成绩毕业于北京计算机学院计算机系,获得计算机科学 专业的理学学士学位。英语口语流利。喜欢游泳和上网。欲求计算机程序员工作。 Resume Address: __61 Fuxing Rd., Beijing_____________ Name: _Li Aihua______ Date of birth: _May 16, 1980_____ Sex: Male Marital Status: single Job objective: Seek a job as __Computer programmer_______ Education: Graduated from computer science department of Beijing Computer college____ Foreign language: _Fluent in oral English____ Hobbies: _____Swimming and going online___ 7. 作业:(2003 年 6 月真题) 请按照下列提示写一封邀请信和回复信。请按英文信件的格式将其写在作文纸上。 邀请信:发信人,张玲;内容:邀请 Jane 暑假期间到北京来度假;你将陪同她游览 长城、故宫和颐和园;请回信告知是否能来。发信日期: 2003 年 6 月 20 日 回复信:回信人,Jane;内容,感谢并接受张玲的邀请,决定七月初来北京。回信 日期:2003 年 6 月 25 日。 Letter 1 Dear Jane, How are you getting along? The summer vacation is coming. I’d like to invite you yo come to Beijing during the summer vacation. I will accompany you to visit many scenic spots in Beijing, such as the Great Wall, the Imperial Palace and so on. I wonder if you are interested in my plan. Please let me know whether you will come or not. I look forward to your early reply. Yours truly Zhang Ling Letter 2 Dear Zhang Ling, Thank you for your kind invitation. I’m willing to spend my summer vacation with you in Beijing. I have decided to go to Beijing in the early July. I can’t wait for that moment. Thanks a lot and best wishes for you. Yours faithfully Jane 8. 作业:以下是一封不完整的推荐信,请根据汉语提示完成这封推荐信。 Dear Mr. Williams, 1)_It’s my great honor to recommend Li Yan ,a former student of mine, for the position of accountant in your corporation. (我非常荣幸地向您推荐我的学生李燕在贵公司担任会计 accountant 一职。) Li Yan is one of my best students.2) Her performance in both courses of Finance and Accountancy was outstanding. (她在金融学和会计学课程中成绩突出。)She is not only
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outstanding in learning, but also a talented, honest, kind and cooperative (有才华,诚实,善良和 富有合作精神的) girl. She has been working as accountant for five years (她担任会计工作五年 了) after graduation, so she is experienced in the field. As her teacher, I’m proud of her (我为她感到骄傲。)I should appreciate it very much if you would consider her candidacy favorably. (您如能考虑录用她,我将不胜感激。) Yours faithfully Liu Wei Professor of the Economic Department 9. 作业: (2003 年 12 月真题)根据下列信息写预订旅馆的电子邮件。写信人:Li Qiang 写 信 时 间 : 2003 年 12 月 20 日 ; 收 信 单 位 : Reservaion Office ; 电 子 邮 件 地 址 : groupsales@aston.com;入住时间:2003 年 12 月 25 日至 27 日;预订房间:一个带浴室的单 人房间,三个带浴室的双人房。将于 12 月 26 日下午租用会议室一间,进行业务洽谈。请尽 早回复,告知是否有空房(vacancy) ,房价和是否需要预付押金(pay a deposit) 。 To: Reservation office Email Address: groupsales@aston.com From: Li Qiang Subject: Room Reservation Date: December 20, 2003 Dear Sir or Madam, I would like to book one single room with bath, and three double rooms with bath from December 25 to 27, 2003. I also want to rent a meeting room for business negotiation on the afternoon of December the 26th. Please let me know whether there is any vacancy, what the hotel rate is, and whether I need to pay a deposit. I am looking forward to your early reply. Sincerely yours, LiQiang 10. 作业: (2005 年 1 月真题)根据下列中文信息拟一封询价信和一封报价信。 询价信(Letter 1): ( 1.发信人:Mr. David Johnson 2.收信人:Mr. Peter Kevil 3.发信日期:2004 年 11 月 29 日 4.内容:Mr. David Johnson 欲购买 Mr. Peter Kevil 所在的 HP 公司生产的激光打印机(jet printer),写信了解有关价格以及售后服务(after-sale service)的情况。 报价信(letter 2): 5. 发信人:Mr. Peter Kevil 6. 收信人:Mr. David Johnson 7. 发信日期:2004 年 12 月 6 日 8. 内容: Peter Kevil 非常感谢 Mr. David Johnson 对他们公司生产的激光打印机感 Mr.
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兴趣,随信附上目录(catalogue)以及价目表,并告知 HP 公司为客户提供优良的服 务。不仅如此,如果购买的数量较大,还可以享受折扣(discount)。 December 29th, 2004 Dear Mr. Peter Kevil, I would like to order some jet printers produced by your company, HP co. Please write to tell me the prices and after-sale service of the printers. I’m looking forward to your early reply. Yours truly David Johnson November 6th, 2004 Dear Mr. David Johnson, I am appreciated for your interest in our jet printers. I enclose catalogue and price list of the jet printers as you wanted. HP co. will offer excellent service for the clients. Besides, you will be given discount if you place a large number of orders. Yours faithfully Peter Kevil

11. 作业:请按要求写一个请假便条。 日期:2005 年 1 月 22 日 事由:休年假申请 总经理先生: 我希望能在 1 月 25 日至 31 日请假(ask for a leave)。不知可否? 今年的春节(Spring Festival)是 2 月 1 日。这是中国最重要的节日。但是过去三年由于工 作繁忙,我没有回家过春节。今年的工作我已经完成,我想从 1 月 25 日至 31 日请假(ask for a leave),以便于春节假期前可以回到家里。如果能获准(grant)请假,我将不胜感激。 Date: January 22nd, 2005 Subject: annual leave Dear Mr. G.M. I would like to ask for annual leave from January 25th to January 31st, wouldn’t I? February 1st is this year’s Spring Festival which is the moat important Chinese festival. During the past three years, I couldn’t return to hometown for Spring Festival because I was busy with my works. For I have finished the works of this year, I ask for a leave from January 25th to January 31st, so that I can return to my hometown before the Spring Festival. I shall be grateful if you grant my proposal. Mike Li
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12. (2001 年 6 月真题)请以公关部(Department of Public Relation)的名义给所有员工写一份通 知,请他们为公司活动献计献策(make proposals)。1)历史与现状:成立 20 年,规模和经济 效益可观(considerable scope and economic benefits);2)庆祝活动:举行一系列活动,庆祝 (celebrate)取得的成就(achievement);3)欢迎献计献策:被采用者有奖,将所提建议送往本 部门办公室。 Notice All staff members, Considering that our company has been established for 15 years and has considerable scope and economic benefits, we are going to hold a series of activities to celebrate our achievements. Proposals are welcome. Please send it to the office of your department. If your proposal was adopted, we will award you. Public Relations Section 13. 作业: (2004 年 6 月真题)请按下列内容写一则征稿海报(Contributions Wanted)。内容: 1) 本报出版(publish)日期为每个月的 15 日; 欢迎下列各种形式和体裁的稿件(contributions 2) of all forms)。各部门情况的报告;对公司生产和销售的建议;员工业余生活。3) 来稿请勿 超过 1000 字,英文来稿要求打印(be typed)。4)来稿如不采用(if not adopted),三个月内退 还(return to)作者。5)联系人:公关部(Public Relation Department)刘月 Contributions Wanted Our newspaper is mainly published on 15th every month. We welcome contributions of all forms. The writing can be: 1. Reports on all departments; 2.Opinions and suggestions on productions and sales; 3.Sparetime lives of company staff. Your compositions will not be over 1000words. Contributions in English are required to be typed. If not adopted, contributions will be returned to the authors in three months. Please contact with Liu Yue of Public Relations Department if you are interested in it. 14. 作业: (2003 年 6 月真题)请按下列要求写一则公告。1)是由:欢迎美国学生来我校参 观(come for a visit)。2)时间:2003 年 6 月 22 日上午 9:00 至 11:00;3)具体安排:8: 40 在校门口欢迎客人;4)9:00-10:30 在接待室(reception room)开欢迎会(welcome party); 5)10:30-11:30 参观校园(campus)和实验室;6)11;30 在学生食堂(student canteen)共进 午餐;7)13:30 在校门口送别(see sb. off) Announcement We are glad to have about 35 American students who will come to our school for a visit on June 22nd (Sunday). They will come here at 8:40. We will go to the school gate and give them a
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warm welcome. They will go to the reception room firstly. At 10:30-11:30, they will visit our campus and labs. At 11:30, the American students will go to our student canteen to have a lunch. At 13:00, we shall see them off at the school. Everybody should be there on time. The Student Union 15. 作业: (2001 年 6 月真题)说明:按电话留言的格式和要求,以秘书名义给 Mr. White 写一份电话留言,包括以下内容:1)来电人:Mr. Johnson of Honeywell Co.; 2) 来电时间: 2001 年 6 月 25 日上午 10 点; 内容: Johnson 明天要出差去北京。 3) Mr. 因此原定与 Mr. White 后天上午的约会(appointment)只能取消(cancel)。等出差回来后再与 Mr. White 约时间会面 (contact ..for another appointment)。 To: Mr. White Time: 10 a.m., June 25th, 2001 Message: Mr. Johnson of Honeywell Co. will leave for Beijing on business tomorrow. He wishes to cancel his appointment with you on the morning of the 27th. He will contact you for another appointment when he is back. From: Helena (secretary) 16. To: the G.M. From: the secretary Re: ABC Co. & CBA Co. Date: June 20th, 2000 1. Wang Gang, the manager of ABC Import and Export Company, called at 10:00 a.m. He said they haven’t received our goods yet. If we haven’t delivered the goods, we should contact him at once. Or they will cancel the order. 2. Mr. Wang Ming, the manager of CBA Company, came to visit G.M. at 10:20 a.m. He wished to talk with G.M. the possibility of opening a food factory in our city G.M. was having a meeting and couldn’t see him. Mr. Liu will leave next Monday. He asked G.M. to call him this afternoon.

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