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英语高考第一轮复习资料


湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料

2013 年高考英语复习资料 听力(20min)
要求:按照考试要求模拟训练,每天 20 分钟。 材料来源为试题、练习、听力资源等,可重复听录音,不懂的 地方对照听力材料重新听。
一、高考听力测试题的特点 1.高考英语听力测试约需 20 分钟左右,共 20 个小题,计分 30 分。设问全 部是特殊疑问句, 几

乎涵盖了所有的疑问类型, 如: what , who, when, where, why, how, what time, how many,how much, how long, how old, how soon, how often 等,选项为“3 选 1”。 2.听力测试共分两节: 第一节是听五段简短对话, 每段对话后仅有一个选择题, 每段对话仅读一遍。 主要考查考生对语音、数字(时间、日期、号码、价格等) 、字母、句子结构及 句意等的快速反应能力和理解能力。 第二节包括 5 段对话或独白,共 15 小题,每段材料播放两遍。主要考查考 生对较长对话或短文的整体理解和把握能力,及对细节的归纳综合能力和判断 推理能力等。 3.测试的话题和材料涉及到现实生活的方方面面,如日常生活、文化教育、 传说、时事、人物、科普等。对话一般围绕一个日常生活的话题展开。如:购物、 买票、道别、感谢、打电话、约会、偏爱、祝愿和祝贺、提供帮助、请求、问 路、看病、求救等。 二、高考听力测试的应试技巧 1.培养良好心态 1)消除紧张心理。听力测试时,要做到心情平静,心态放松,精力集中。 如果感到测试前心情比较紧张,做几次深呼吸,可有效缓解紧张情绪。 2)克服急躁心理。注重听材料大意,而不是专注于听个别单词。有个别词 没听懂,不要停下来去思索,注意后文录音。 2.学会预测话题 考生可以根据每个小题的问题及选项的提示来预测和推测录音材料的内容。 从而做到心中有数,提前做好心理准备,获得主动。 3.合理分配注意力 掌握下列技巧:1)学会听前抢读;2)学会边听边记;3)学会听关键词。 4.拓宽背景知识 听力材料必定涉及科普知识和社会文化知识。广泛地阅读和收集各种信息, 不但有助于扩大知识面,也有益于听力成绩的提高。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 5.熟悉交际用语 听力考试中常出现 Where does the conversation take place ?What is the man’s profession?, 之类的问题,考生要通过对话的具体情节和背景判断对话发生的地 点、人物职业、人物关系等。熟悉特定的场景用语和关键词,这一点很重要。记 住下面一些常用的场景用语。 餐馆 (restaurant) 用语: menu, bill, order, tip, hamburger, sandwich, soup,dish, beer,softdrink 等; 医院(hospital)用语:take medicine, temperature, pill , headache, fever, blood pressure 等; 宾馆(hotel)用语:luggage, single room, double room., room number 等; 邮局(post office)用语: mail, deliver, stamp envelope, telegram 等; 机场(airport)用语:flight, take off, land, luggage 等; 车站(railway station)用语: round trip, single trip, sleeping car 等; 商店(shop)用语: on sale, size, color, price, change 等; 学校(school)用语: professor, exam, course, dining hall, playground 等。 6.科学判断推理 听力测试对考生的判断推理能力提出了一定要求。要求考生把握整体内容, 概括总结对话的主旨和大意;要求考生根据听力内容或背景效果,推测相关的 具体内容,如:时间、地点、身份、人物关系等;要求考生在理解大意的基础 上推测说话人的意图、观点和态度等。

单项选择(10min)
要求:对试卷及练习题中相关错题进行积累记忆。 (抄在练习册上,注明各选项之间的区别。 )

高考英语高频词汇

★A ability 能力; absent 缺席的; abroad 到国外; accept 接受; achieve 获得,实现; activity 活动; actual 实际的,真实的; advanced 先进的,高级的;
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adventure 冒险,奇遇; advantage 优势; address 地址; admit 承认,允许进入; advertise 登广告; affect 影响; afford 买得起; agriculture 农业; announce 宣布;

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 anxious 焦虑的,渴望的; apologize 道歉; appearance 出现,外表; appreciation 感激,欣赏; arrival 到达; astronaut 宇航员; atmosphere 大气,气氛; attempt 企图,尝试; attentively 专心地; attract 吸引; audience 听众; average 平均; appetite 食欲; attitude 态度; ★B balance 平衡; bargain 讨价还价; basically 基本地,主要地; benefit 利益; beyond 超过; biology 生物学; bitter 苦的; branch 分支,部门; broadcast 广播,播送; breathe 呼吸; behaviour 行为; belief 信仰,信念; ★C camera 照相机; capital 首都,省会; captain 队长,船长; ceiling 天花板; celebrate 庆祝; century 世纪; chain 链子;连锁; challenge 挑战; channel 航道, 海峡,频道; character 特征; charge 收费,索价; chat 聊天; Christmas 圣诞节; citizen 公民; cigarette 香烟; climate 气候; coal 煤炭;
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collar 衣领; comfortably 舒适地; communication 通讯; competition 竞赛; complete 完全的,彻底的; composition 作文; concert 音乐会; conductor 售票员,导体; confident 自信的; congratulation 祝贺; construction 建设; continent 大陆,大洲; convenient 方便的; conversation 交谈; cough 咳嗽; course 过程,课程,一道菜; courage 勇气; cousin 堂兄妹,表兄妹; crowd 人群; curtain 窗帘; culture 文化; curious 好奇的; custom 习俗; customer 消费者; conclusion 结论; contribution 贡献; ★D daily 每日的; dangerous 危险的; decade 十年; definitely 明确地,肯定地; deliver 投递; declare 宣布; deserve 应受,值得; description 描述; design 设计; devote 专心,致力于; determine 决心,决定; dialogue/dialog 对话; dictionary 字典; direction 方向;指导; disaster 灾难; disappear 消失; discussion 讨论;

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 disturb 打扰; diary 日记; digital 数码的; download 下载; dustbin 垃圾箱; decrease 减少; department 部,局,处,科;系; dynasty 王朝,朝代; ★E economical 经济的,节约的; educate 教育; effective 有效的; efficient 效率高的; effort 努力; electricity 电; equality 平等; encourage 鼓励; energy 能量;精力; entrance 入口; envelope 信封; environment 环境; escape 逃避; especially 尤其,特别; exhibition 展览会; expert 专家; extremely 极端地; eventually 最终地; ★F familiar 熟悉的; failure 失败; finger 手指; flour 面粉; fluently 流利地; forbid 禁止; foreigner 外国人; forgive 原谅; fortunately 幸运地; freedom 自由; frequent 频繁的; fresh 新鲜的; fruit 水果; friendly 友好的; fuel 燃料; furniture 家具; festival 节日;
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★G generation 一代; generally 一般地; generous 慷慨的;大方的; geography 地理; glove 手套; government 政府; graduation 毕业; gradual 逐渐的; grammar 语法; guest 客人; guide 导游; ★H habit 习惯; handkerchief 手帕; handwriting 书法,笔迹; harvest 收获; healthily 健康地; height 高度; honor 尊敬; hunger 饥饿; humourous 幽默的; ★I idiom 习语; island 岛; imagine 想象; immediately 立即,立刻; increase 增加; income 收入; industry 工业,勤劳; inform 通知; internet 因特网; interview 采访,面试; interrupt 打断,打扰; inventor 发明者; insurance 保险; ★J journalist 记者; judge 法官; justice 正义,公正; junior 初级的; ★K kindergarten 幼儿园; kite 风筝; knowledge 知识;

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 kitchen 厨房; ★L labour 劳动; lack 缺乏; ladder 梯子; language 语言; lately 最近; latter 后者; lawyer 律师; league 联盟; lecture 演讲; level 水平; librarian 图书管理员; local 当地的; luggage 行李; luckily 幸运地; ★M magazine 杂志; majority 多数; market 市场; marriage 结婚; material 原料; meanwhile 同时; measure 测量,尺寸; medical 医学的; memory 记忆力; mental 精神的; menu 菜单; mention 提到; merry 欢乐的; merely 仅仅,只不过; message 消息; metal 金属; mirror 镜子; monitor 班长; monument 纪念碑; mostly 主要地;大部分; museum 博物馆; media 传媒; minority 少数,少数民族; mobile 移动的; motto 格言; mystery 神秘; ★N narrow 狭窄的;
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nationality 国籍; naturally 自然地; neatly 整洁地; necessary 必要的; neighbour 邻居; nephew 侄子,外甥; niece 侄女,外甥女; normal 正常的; nowadays 现在; nurse 护士; nutrition 营养; ★O obey 服从; object 物体,反对; ocean 海洋; offer 提供; operation 操作,做手术; opposite 相反的; organize 组织; overcome 克服; obvious 明显的; Olympic 奥林匹克的; outstanding 杰出的; ★P palace 宫殿; paragraph 段; park 停放(车); particular 特别的; partner 搭档; panda 熊猫; passenger 乘客; patient 耐心的,病人; peaceful 和平的; peasant 农民; performance 表演; period 时期; permit 允许; persuade 说服; phenomenon 现象; physical 身体的,物理的; pillow 枕头; pilot 飞行员; population 人口,人数; poisonous 有毒的; pollution 污染;

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 position 位置; practical 实际的,实用的; pressure 压力; precious 珍贵的,宝贵的; president 总统; pretend 假装; program 节目,项目; project 工程; pronunciation 发音; purpose 目的,意图; potential 潜力; private 私人的; privilege 特权; ★Q quality 质量; quantity 数量; quarrel 争吵; quarter 四分之一; queue 队,行列; ★R raise 提高,抚养; rare 稀有的,罕见的; recently 近来; recognize 认出; record 记录; recover 恢复; recycle 回收,再利用; reduce 减少; refuse 拒绝; refer 参考,提到; regular 规则的; relative 相对的,亲戚; remain 保持,剩下,仍然; remind 提醒,使想起; remove 去掉; resign 辞职,放弃; request 要求; research 调查,研究; respect 尊敬; restaurant 饭馆; resource 资源; review 复习; responsibility 责任心; ★S safety 安全;
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salary 薪水; satisfaction 满足; scene 场景; scenery 风景; scientific 科学的; secretly 秘密地; secretary 秘书; seldom 很少; senior 高级的,年长的; sense 感觉,辨别力; serious 严肃的,严峻的; service 服务; separate 分离,单独的; shape 形状,制作; share 分享,份额; sheet 被单; shelf 架子; shortcoming 缺点; shoulder 肩膀; similar 类似的; situation 形势; slightly 轻微地; smoothly 光滑地,平坦地,平稳地; society 社会; spare 抽出(时间、人手); spread 传播; square 广场; standard 标准; steal 偷窃; straight 直的,直地; stranger 陌生人; strangely 奇怪地 suffer 受苦,遭受; system 系统; selfish 自私的; sensitive 敏感的; sincerely 真诚地; strengthen 加强; sympathy 同情; ★T task 任务; technique 技术; temperature 温度,体温; theatre 剧场,戏院;

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 therefore 因此; thief 贼; thirsty 渴的,缺水的; thorough 彻底的; thunder 雷声; title 标题; tobacco 烟草; toilet 洗手间; traffic 交通; translate 翻译; traveller 旅行者; trousers 长裤; typical 典型的; throughout 贯穿,在整个……期间; tourism 旅游业; traditional 传统的,传说的; ★U umbrella 伞; uniform 制服; union 协会,联盟; university 综合大学; universe 宇宙; upstairs 在楼上; unique 唯一的,独特的; ★V vacation 假期; valley 山谷;流域; value 价值; variety 变化,多样性; various 各种各样的; vegetable 蔬菜; victory 胜利; villager 村民; vocabulary 词汇; voyage 航行,航海; volunteer 志愿者; ★W waste 浪费,无用的,垃圾; weather 天气; wedding 婚礼; weight 重量; willing 愿意的; welfare 福利; wonder 想知道,奇观 ★Y
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youth 青,青春; ★一年中的十二个月: January 一月; February 二月; March 三月; April 四月; May 五月; June 六月; July 七月; August 八月; September 九月; October 十月; November 十一月; December 十二月; ★一周中的七天: Monday 星期一; Tuesday 星期二; Wednesday 星期三; Thursday 星期四; Friday 星期五; Saturday 星期六; Sunday 星期天; ★大洲大洋国家名 (名词、 形容词) : 如:Asian 亚洲的; European 欧洲的; African 非洲的 ; Pacific 太平洋; Atlantic 大西洋; German 德国的,德国人,德语; Germany 德国; France 法国; French 法国人,法语,法国的; Canadian 加拿大的,加拿大人; Canada 加拿大; Russia 俄罗斯; Russian 俄国人,俄语,俄国的; ★东西南北(名词、形容词): east (东,东方); eastern (东方的,东部的); west (西,西方); western (西方的,西部的); south (南,南方); southern (南方的,南部的); north (北,北方);

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 northern (北方的,北部的) ★基数词和序数词(1---19、 20---90)如: fifth 第五; ninth 第九; twelfth 第十二; twentieth 第二十(30、40、50、60、 70、80、90 的序数词都是去掉 y 加 ieth )

完形填空(15min)
要求:按照考试要求,限时 15 分钟,每天一篇即可。可根据自身情 况,选择练习材料。
1.高考完形填空文章一般在 290 ~320 个词之间。 2.考查实词为主,虚词为辅 。从历届高考英语试题来看,完形填空所考查的词, 从词类上来说,以实词(动词、形容词、副词、代词等)为主,虚词(连词、冠 词、介词等)为辅。 3. 重要的语法项目:定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句、倒装句、情态动词等。 要系统复习词汇、短语搭配、惯用法及一些重要句型。在复习词汇的过程中,一 定要注意词汇在不同语境中的多种含义,也要注意词性的转化。 4. 完形文章的阅读比较困难,需跳过空格,了解文意。应注意分析文章结构, 领会上下文逻辑关系,不要盲目选择,要有根有据。阅读时要控制时间,并着 眼于整句的理解,整段的把握,而不是支离破碎的词的拼凑。切忌遇到生词就查 词典,这样会影响阅读速度。 5. 重视短文的关键句、主题句。 解答完形填空题时应重视文章的主题句(往往 是首句或尾句) , 从而尽快准确地把握文章的主题思想和作者的协作态度和观点。

阅读理解(35min)
要求:按照考试要求,进行阅读,每篇 7 分钟。根据实际情况确定练 习篇数,建议每天练习两篇即可。
1.先读问题,再读文章,简单记住问题的大致内容。 2.读问题的时候,习惯性用笔划出关键部分,例如问题中的主要提问点,一方面 可以提醒自己,防止粗心,另外还可以提高二次阅读时候的效率。 3.读文章的时候,划出与问题相关的词语,先沉住气通读文章,之后再根据划出 的关键词位置快速答题。 4.做完试卷有时间剩余可以检查阅读部分, 是否每道题目的答案都能找到文章中 的出处,仔细检查对原文理解是否正确。

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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料

完成句子(10min)
要求:对试卷及练习题中相关错题进行积累记忆,注意考查意图。
1.注意题目的考查意图,即考查的相关语法点。 2.注意细节问题(时态、人称单复数变化、固定搭配等) 。 一、it 及 there 句型 1. It’s reported that (据报道)a lot of people lost their jobs in the city last

month.(report) 2. As is reported (据报道), a lot of people lost their jobs in the city last

month.(report) 3. There is no doubt that ( 毫 无 疑 问 ) he will be admitted to the key

university.(doubt) 4. He has made some great movies. 无疑问的).(doubt) 5. There is no need 6. It happened that 7. 8. 9. 10. It seems that It looks as if It’s likely that (没必要)for you to get up early tomorrow.(need) (碰巧)I had been away when he called.(happen) (看来)nobody knows what has happened.(seem) (看起来似乎)it's going to rain.(look) (很可能)the thieves don’t know how much it is worth.(likely) (我也许可以)to leave a message for her.(possible) (为打翻的牛奶而哭泣).(cry) (抱怨是毫无用处的) , they never There is no doubt about it (这一点是毫

It’s possible for me

11. It’s no use 12.

crying over spilt milk

It’s/There is no use complaining

listen.(use) 13. It’s/There is no use complaining ( 难 怪 ) you’ve achieved so much

success.(wonder) 14. It’s no wonder that (很明确)most of the farmers have brought in more

money by all means.(certain) 15. It’s said that experiment.(say) 16. The professor is said to have succeeded
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(据说)the professor has already succeeded in carrying out this

(已成功) in carrying out this

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 experiment.(succeed) 17. I feel it a pity that (我感到遗憾)I haven’t been to the get-together.(pity) 18. I have made it a rule (使之成为一种惯例)that I get up at six every day in the morning.(rule) 19. I think it (is) necessary (认为有必要)to take plenty of hot water every

day.(think) 20. It’s high time that we pollution.(take) 21. It will take her a long time (要花费她很长时间)to recover from the took/should take measures ( 采 取 措施 ) to stop

illness.(take) 22. This/It is the third time that I 23. It was the first time that she 24. It is / has been two years 25. have seen the film (看那部电影).(see) (到长城).(be)

had been to the Great wall since he went abroad

(自从他出国).(go)

It makes no difference to you

(对你没什么差别)whether I like it or not,

because you never listen to me.(make) 26. (be) 27. Measures have been taken to solve the problem,but (可能要过段时间)before the situation improves.(some) 28. It didn’t matter that 29. 30. Does it matter (没关系)the weather was bad.(matter) (是否要紧)whether we go together or separately?(matter) it may be some time It won’t be long (用不了多久) before we know the result of the experiment.

It occurred to me (我突然想起) that he might have forgotten our date. (occur) (可能性不大)he will change his mind.(chance)

31. There is little chance that 32.

There is a good/high chance that/There are chances that/Chances are that (很

可能)we will go to Beijing.(chance) 33. There seemed to be (似乎有) hundreds of people in the field; it was quite full. (seem) 34. There used to be (曾经有)a church at the corner of the street.(be)

35. She

made it clear that (阐明清楚)she had nothing to do with the decision.

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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 (make) 36. I will see (to it) that (确定)everything is ready.(see) There must be something wrong

37. What a pity my new computer doesn’t work. (一定有什么问题)with it.(wrong) 38. It turned out that

(结果)she was a friend of my sister.(turn) it’s convenient to/for you (你方便的时候) .

39. Come and see me when (convenient) 40. There is not much point (in) difference.(point) 二、强调句型 1.

(没多大意义)complaining . It doesn’t make

It was they (是他们)who/that went to the cinema with me yesterday.(be) when she was about to leave (当她正要离开时) that the telephone rang.

2. It was (about)

3. Was it because of the bad weather (是因为坏天气)that the football match had to be put off?(because of) 4. What was it that 5. I just wonder (究竟是什么)you wanted to tell her?(be) (究竟是什么)makes him so excited.(be)

what it is that

6. I really don’t know (be) 7. It was (until) 8. It was

where it was that (究竟在哪儿) he bought the cell phone.

not until yesterday afternoon

(直到昨天下午)that I knew the truth.

not until he came to China (直到他来到中国) that he knew what kind of

a country she was(until) 9. Was is not until she entered the classroom she had forgotten her book?(enter) 10. It was in this very lab that was in the charge of John (他们做了实验).(experiment) 三、倒装 1. — My room gets very cold at night. that they did the experiment. (直到她进入教室) that she realized

11

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 — So does mine. (我的也是).(so)

2. — I don’t think I can walk any further. — Neither can I (我也是) (neither)

3. — He is a maths teacher but he likes English. — It’s the same with his sister/The same is true of his sister. (他的妹妹也是)

(same) 4. Little did he care about his own safety (他关心自己的安全)though he was in great danger himself.(care) 5.I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life 感觉如此高兴).(feel) 6.Seldom have they quarreled with each other (他们彼此吵架)since they got had I felt so happy (我

married.(quarrel) 7. Not until I had explained all to him (我向他解释了所有的事情)did he realize

that he was wrong.(explain) 8. Not until I began to work wasted.(realize) 9. So clearly does he speak (他讲得清楚)that even beginners understand most did I realize (我才意识到)how much time I had

of what he says.(speak) 10. So difficult was the exam (考试如此难)that only a few students passed it.

(difficult) 11. Such (make) 12. Only by taking action (只有通过采取行动)can we improve the situation. great progress had he made (他取得很大进步)that he was praised.

(action) 13. Only when your identity has been checked 许进入).(allow) 14. Not only will help be given to (要帮助)the disabled to find jobs, but also will you be allowed in (你才允

medical treatment will be provided for those who need it.(give) 15. No sooner had I arrived / I had no sooner arrived (我一到达)at the station

12

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 than the train left.(sooner) 16. Hardly / Scarcely had he turned around (他转过身) when everybody burst out laughing.(turn) 17. Strange as it might sound (尽管听起来可能很奇怪) , his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.(as) 18. 19. Much as I like it Child as he is (尽管我很喜欢它), I won’t buy it.(as)

(尽管他是个孩子), he knows a lot of things.(as) nor will he do so (将来他也不会那样做).

20. Neither has he called on her, (nor) 21. The more you explain,

the more confused I am /get (我愈糊涂) ( . confuse)

22. However late he was (无论他多么晚), his mother would wait for him to have dinner together.(however) 23 Should it rain/ Were it to rain tomorrow (万一明天下雨), we would have to

put off the visit to Beijing.(rain) 24. Had the boy worked harder (要是那个男孩更努力一些) ,he might have

got through the exam.(work) 25. A better understanding of the environment is necessary, to act (行动的愿望也是必要的).(as) 四、虚拟语气及情态动词 1. What would happen (happen) 2. If 3. it should be / were fine tomorrow (明天天气好) ,I would go on a trip.(be) If she had known / Had she known (若她知道)that Mary would come to see (会发生什么事)if the earth suddenly stopped turning? as is the willingness

her, she would never have gone to the party.(know) 4. If you hadn’t seen that film last night, you 倦)now.(be) 5. I didn’t know his telephone number otherwise I (会给他打电话).(telephone) 6. But for the help of my teachers, I couldn’t have made such progress (不可能取 would have telephoned him wouldn’t be so sleepy (不会如此疲

13

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 得如此大的进步).(make) 7. Without your help, I 8. I suggested not only a speech there.(attend) 9. Mike’s father, as well as his mother insisted that he (should) stay (at) home (该呆在家里).(stay) 10. —Guess what! I have got A for my term paper. —Great! You it.(read) 11. It’s possible that the king of Stonehenge was linked to the stones: he may/might have had a hand (可能参与)in planning the monument, or in helping must have read widely (一定阅读广泛) and put a lot of work into wouldn’t have succeeded (不会成功) anyway. (succeed) should he attend the meeting (他出席会议) but also give

transport and pull up the stones.(hand) 12.He might have given you more help was very busy.(give) 13. I didn’t see her in the meeting-room this morning, she spoken (不可能发言)at the meeting.(speak) 14. My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared. Who (可能拿了)?(take) 15. I could have lent you my bike me?(lend) 16. The careless man received a ticket for speeding, he driven so fast (本不应该开那么快).(drive) needn’t have hurried (本不必匆忙) ( . hurry) (宁愿他没有). shouldn’t / oughtn’t to have (本来能借给你自行车),why didn’t you ask could / can have taken it can’t / couldn’t have (本来可以给更多帮助)even though he

17. There was plenty of time, she

18. Frank called me yesterday, but I (rather)

would rather he hadn’t

19. I am afraid I am busy tonight, so I would rather you (come)

didn’t come (你不来).

20. Jim is a good boy; we can’t praise him too much (怎么表扬他也不过分) ( . too) 五、with+宾语+宾语补足语结构

14

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 1. They sat together around the table, with the door shut 2. They pretended to be working all night, with (burn) 3. I can’t go out to play, with so much homework to do (如此多作业要做).(do) 4. The children came running toward us, with flowers in their hands. (手里拿着花) (hand) 5. With 6. With exams over (考试结束), we had a long time to rest.(over) (门关着).(shut)

their(the) light burning (灯亮着) .

so many people present (这么多人来到现场), I felt nervous.(present)

六、倍数表达法 1. Staying in a hotel for a day costs the country for a week.(as) 2. Paper produced every year is three times the weight of (是……三倍重)the twice as much as (两倍) renting a house in

world’s population of vehicles.(weight) 3. —How did you find your visit to the museum? —I really enjoyed it. It was far more interesting than I had expected 有趣多了).(than) 4. We have produced did last year.(twice) 七、非谓语动词 1. —Have you got anything to do (要做)this evening?(do) twice as much cotton (两倍多的棉花)this year as we (比我预料的

—I would like you to go shopping with me. 2. I’m going to Wuhan. Do you have anything (take) 3. He seems (think) 4. He is said 5. She is said years.(write) 6. For a fresh man of society, the question is (start)
15

to be taken

(要带过去)there?

to be thinking deeply (陷入深思) , without noticing me passing him.

to have been sent to to have been writing

(派往)London already.(send) (一直在写)the novel about New York for

how to start work. (怎样开始工作)

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 7. The news reporters hurried to the airport, film stars had left.(tell) 8. I had nothing to do but for a chance.(stay) 9. Taking exercise (锻炼)early in the morning has become part of her retired stay (at) home (呆在家里)for another year, waiting only to be told (结果被告知)the

life.(exercise) 10. Having lived (居住) in New York for years, I know each part of it very well.

(live) 11. Not having received (一直没有收到)any letter from him for so long, I

gave him a call.(receive) 12. Living far from my company (住得离公司远) , I have to get up early every

morning.(live) 13. The fire lasted nearly a month, 值的东西).(leave) 14. If you want to make yourself respected (使自己受尊重) , you are above all leaving nothing valuable (没留下任何有价

to respect others.(make) 15. Lost in thought (陷入沉思), he got knocked over by a bike, unable to stand

up for the moment.(lose) 16. Determined to change (下定决心改变), he entered a hospital-based diet

program and dropped over 70 pounds.(determine) 17. All/With all the tickets(having been)sold out (所有的票都卖出去了),

we had to wait for the next week’s show.(sell) 18. The river looks more beautiful, (with)flowers and grass growing on both sides

(两岸长满了鲜花和绿草).(grow) 19. Then last night, I followed him here, and climbed in, sword in my hand (手里拿着剑).(sword) 20. Could you show me the computer you want to have repaired (要修理的) ( . have) 21. She’ll (have) have you standing all the time (让你一直站) if you don’t listen to her. sword in hand / with a

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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 22. He realized that he did not want 去).(have) 八、时态语态 1. When you phoned yesterday, I daughter.(play) 2. Frank was about to leave when he noticed a letter lying on the floor (这时他 was playing chess (在下象棋)with my to have her go with him (让她与他一起

注意到地板上有封信).(lie) 3. Great changes in every field (take) 4. My hands are dirty, I have been painting the door (一直在漆门).(paint) have taken place (发生)in the last ten years.

5. I had learned maths (all) by myself (learn) 6. By next week, we (learn) 7. I

(自学完数学)by the age of fourteen.

will have learned 2000 new words

(将学完2000个生词) .

got caught in the heavy snow (遭遇大雪)in the course of climbing Mount

Tai.(get) 8. His work was thought highly of (得到高度评价)by the experts.(think) was being repaired

9. I went to school on foot this morning, because my bike (正在修理).(repair)

10. By the time the fire men arrived at the building, the fire had been put out (已被 扑灭了)by the nearby citizens.(put) 九、各类从句 1. When I saw a lot of people gathering over there, I went over to see what was the matter (怎么回事).(matter) 2. I doubt whether/if he will come (他是否会来)soon.(come) (怎样到达)the railway station?(get)

3. Can you tell me 4.

how I can get to

Who do you think (你认为谁)is the best football player in your city?(think) we should meet (我们应见面)?(meet)

5. Where do you think 6.

What they have in common (他们所拥有的共同之处)is that they are all

17

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 independent.(common) 7. Shanghai is no longer 8. We are talking about what it used to be (它过去的样子).(be) whether we should admit students into our club (是否该

让学生加入我们的俱乐部).(admit) 9. I am just wondering whether to wait for another hour (是否再等一小时)or

just start off right away.(admit) 10. The question is product.(reduce) 11. It was uncertain whether he would come (他是否会来).(come) whether we can reduce (我们是否降低)the cost of the

12. Whether he has been abroad or not difference.(abroad) 13. The question

(他是否出过国)doesn’t make much

whether we ought to / should call in

(我们是否应召请)a

specialist was answered by the family doctor.(call) 14. The reason why she couldn’t come to meeting was that she hadn’t been invited (是她没有被邀请) (invite) 15. The reason for such a serious accident is that 喝酒太多).(drink) 16. He didn’t tell the teacher the reason (可以解释他的缺席) (explain) 17. Is this the reason why/ for which you are in favor of my opinion 同我的观点)?(favor) 18. You are saying that everyone should be equal and this is 不同意的方面).(disagree) 19. A modern city has been set up in what was a wasteland (十年前是一片荒地 where I disagree (我 (你为什么赞 that/which could explain his absence the driver drank too much (司机

的地方)ten years ago.(be, wasteland) 20. We wrote a letter of thanks to (whoever) 21. There was a time when he hated to go to school (他讨厌上学).(hate) whoever had helped us (凡是帮助过我们的).

22. I borrowed three books from the library,

two of which/of which two (其中的

18

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 两本)are really worth reading.(two) 23. The boys , the taller of whom/of whom the taller (其中较高的一个)could

not reach the shelf, went to look for something to stand on.(tall) 24. It was the gate (tell) 25. I don’t like (way) 26. Is this museum (visit) 27. This is the only way (think) 28. This is the very one of the most interesting films (上周放映的).(show) 29. It’s one of the most interesting films year.(put) 30. He still lives in the room, of which the window/the window of which (房间 that have been put on (上演) since last that was shown last week (that) you can think of to do it (你能想出作此事的). the one they visited last month (他们上个月参观过的)? the way he speaks to his mother (他对他母亲讲话的方式). where he told me the good news (在那儿他告诉了我好消息) .

的窗户)faces to the east.(which) 31. The fact that he has failed for several times (他失败了数次)makes him

very upset.(he ,fail) 32. Would you please put the book (belong) 33. As time goes by/With time going by (随着时间的流逝) , you’ll have a better where it belongs (它该放的地方) ?

understanding of it.(go) 34. Shylock was so greedy for money (对钱如此贪婪)that all his friends left

him.(greedy) 35. What surprised me most (最使我惊讶) was that they had finished it so quickly. (surprise) 36. We won’t be able to reach the top of the mountain unless the weather changes(除 非天气改变).(unless)

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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 37. No matter what others say 38. (无论别人说什么), I won’t give up.(matter) (地球绕着太阳转)is known to us all.

That the earth turns around the sun

(turn) 39. Despite his wealth / Despite the fact that he was wealthy (尽管他很富有) ,

he worked to make a career in science.(despite) 40. In spite of his old age (尽管他年事已高) , he still leads an active life. (spite) didn’t get up (才起床)until his mother came in.(get) in case the weather gets cold (以防天气变

41. He

42. You’d better take more clothes 冷) (case) 43. It is such a heavy box

(如此重的箱子)that nobody can move it.(such) as well as him / he does (像他打得一样好)

44. You can’t expect to play tennis at your age.(as)

45. She was always speaking highly of her role in the play, others unhappy. (这使得其他人不高兴) (make)

which made the

短文写作(30min)
要求:词数在 120 字左右,每周练习两次,话题自选,注意行文流 畅 和卷面书写整洁,不准使用胶带。积累优秀范文,分析文章结 构,模仿写作。
(07 年)假设你是某中学学生会主席李华,你校与本地一所国际学样经常举办联谊活动.你 计划在重阳节组织学生到养老院去慰问老人, 拟邀请国际学校的学生参加, 请你根据以下内 容要点给国际学样的学生会主席 Tony 写一封信. 要点:向老人赠送礼物(鲜花、自制贺卡??) ; 为老人提供服务(做清洁、陪老人聊天??) ; 为老人表演节目(唱歌、跳舞??). 注意:1、词数为 100 左右; 2、信的开关和结尾已为你写好(不计入你所写词数) ; 3、已给出的信的开关和结尾不得抄入答题卡.
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
(以下所给内容不得抄入答题卡) Dear Tony, Chongyang,the traditional Chinese festival for the elderly,is coming around.We are planning to visit the Nursing Home to celebrate the speeial day, and we would like to invite students from your school to join us. ? Looking forward to your early reply. Yours, Li Hua

One Possible Version: We have planned several activities. When we get there,we will visit the elderly in their rooms in groups,presenitng them with flowers and self-made cards to show our respect and love. Then we will do some cleaning and washing for them with the help of the nurses. As some old people feel lonely. We may chat with them about their old days, changes of our city, or anything they are interested in. We may also give them some performanees: singing, daneing, and so on. I am sure we will both gain a better understanding of the elderly in China. If you have any suggestions, please let us know.

(08 年)假如你是卜曼宜,你购买了一部某外国公司生产的手机,因有质量问题,要求该 公司更换。请根据下列要点,用英文写一封电子邮件。 要点: 1.问题:手机不响铃,不能发短信; 该产品已售完,无法更换; 型号新,无配件,无法维修。 2.要求:公司应尽快予以更换 注意:1 .词数为 100 左右 2 .参考词汇:配件 ——spare part 3. 电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计入你所写词数) ; 4 .已给出的电子邮件的开头和结尾不得抄入答题卡。 Dear Sir, I am writing to you for the mobile phone of Dephone-S250 I bought on 20th Apr.2008 at Tele Mall in Wuhan, P.R.China?? Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours Bu Manyi

Possible version: Dear Sir, I am writing to you for the mobile phone of Dephone-S250 I bought on 20th Apr.2008 at Tele Mall in Wuhan, P.R.China. Ten days after that, it didn't ring and send short messages. Then I took it to the seller, but was told that the model had been sold out and I had to wait at least three months for a new one. Later I
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 went to the repairman. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts. I was so desperate on hearing that. How can I wait that long? Therefore, I require that you send me a new one of the same model within a month. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours, Bu Manyi
(09 年)假设你是华华,与英国网友汤姆约定用对方的母语通信,以提高各自的外语水平。 最近你收到汤姆的电子邮件(附后) ,发现有一个成语使用不当。请根据下列要点,用英文 回一封电子邮件。 要点: 1.不应使用 “无所不为”,应使用 “无所事事”; 2.说明这两个成语的用法; 3.给予鼓励。 注意: 1.词数为 120 左右; 2.参考释义: 无所不为一 do all kinds of bad things 无所事事一 have nothing to do 3.除以上两个成语外,邮件中不得使用其它汉字或拼音; 4. 电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计人你所写词数) ,但不得抄人答题卡。 附: (汤姆的邮件): 华华,你好! 近几天在忙什么事?有什么有意思的事吗?我们的学校放假了, 所以这几天在家无所不为, 饱 食终日,只好上网发伊妹儿。没意思。我决定找份工作,做个自食其力的人。祝好! 汤姆 (以下所给内容不得抄入答题卡) Hi! Tom Nice to read your e-mail today. I noticed you’ve begun to use Chinese idioms and used most of them correctly. … Hop you’ll find a good job soon. Huahua

One possible sample: Hi! Tom Nice to read your e-mail today. I noticed you’ve begun to use Chinese idioms and used most of them correctly. However, I’m afraid there is one mistake I’d like to point out. It is “无所不为”. This idiom means “do all kinds of bad things”. Are you doing all kinds of bad things at home? I guess what you were really trying to say is that you’ve got nothing to do these days. In that case, you should use “无所事事” . We usually use “无所不为” to express the idea that people dare to do anything bad, and “无 所事事” to describe the situation in which people have got nothing meaningful to do. Have I made myself clear?
22

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 Anyway, I’m amazed at the progress you’ve made. Hop you’ll find a good job soon. Huahua
(10 年)请根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈微笑的作用。 The best example of universally understood body language may be the smile.A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers.A smile can open doors and tear down walls. 注意:①无须写标题; ②内容只需涉及一个方面; ③词数为 100 左右。

One possible version I still remember how nervous I was on my first day in the new school three years ago, when I found it difficult to follow my teacher in the first English class. The teacher spoke English throughout the class, which was totally different from the lessons I had taken before. In the morning class the next day, the English teacher came to me while I was reading the text aloud as other students. After listening to me for a while, she gave me a big smile and said she liked my voice very much. The smile shone on the whole day and the following days. A week later, I volunteered to take charge of English study in my class. Thanks to the comtorting smile in my first morning class, I began to be confident.

(11 年)请根据以下提示,结合你校园生活中的一个事例,就与人合作这一话题,用英语 写一篇短文。 From Joozone.Com's Direction: Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn more about teamwork .Teamwork shows us how other people’s roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches us to be patient and how to respond to different people. 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③内容必须结合校园生活中的一个事例; ④文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称; ⑤词数为 100 左右。

One possible sample: Life requires cooperation I thought the life needs to cooperate。 I before thinks oneself infallible very much ,But then one of the things that changed my view。I read a junior middle school, my achievements have been good and the teacher told us to learn how to co-operate. but i think that the teacher was wrong.But when i read the high school, my grades start to regress. i
23

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 never ask another question.With a friend's help, i learned to discuss 。And my grades start to become good.So ithought the life needs to cooperate。 Only through unity can we have a strong, if the split, then a single blow.
(12 年)请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。 You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it. 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; ④词数为 120 左右。

One Possible Version Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated. My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are.

其他范文参考: Enjoy with my friends As the old saying goes(正如老话所言), a life without a friend is a life without a sun. (生活没有了朋友就像没有了太阳) I totally (完全地) agree with this.Friends sometimes are just like the hand of God that will drag you out of trouble.(朋友有时候就像上帝的手,将你从困难中拉出来。 ) In my case,math was once my nightmare (噩梦) in my study.Although I was rather slow,he guided me through tremendous(极多的) math problem with great paience.And finally,I step by step learned to work then out myself and I think this attributed to (归功于) the endless (无尽的) effort made together by him and me .And no words can express my gratitude towards him.
24

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料 In my eyes,friends are very essential for us.And we should build up a correct concept(正确的观念) of friendship. I will treasure(珍惜) my friendship no matter what.
附 : 高考作文评分标准 (1)评分时,按 5 个档次给分。根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该 档次的要求衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。 (2)词数少于 80 词数,降一个档次。紧扣主题,适当发挥(多于 120 词)不予扣分。 (3)评分时,关注点:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文连贯性 及语言的得体性。 (4)语法、拼写和标点符号等是语言准确性的重要方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响 程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 (5)如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 各档次的给分范围和要求: 第五档(很好) : (20-25 分)完全完成了试题规定的任务。 -覆盖所有内容要点。 -应用较多的语法结构和词汇。 -语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误, 但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致; 具备 较强的语言运用能力。 -有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(好) : (15-20 分)完全完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确, 些许错误主要是因尝试复杂语法结构、 词汇所致。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(适当) : (10-15)基本完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档(较差) : (5—10 分)未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 -漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 -语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 -较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档(差) : (1-5 分)未完成试题规定的任务。 -明显遗漏主要内容,写一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。 -语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
-较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 -缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 0 分档: -未能传达给读者任何信息; -内容太少、无法评判; -写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。

常用词组
a bit 一点(接形容词) a bunch of 一束、一捆 a bit of 一点(接不可数名词) a couple of 几个、一些、三两个(接可数名词复数) a few pieces of advice 几点建议 a good/great deal of 大量(接不可数名词) a good/great many 大量(接可数名词复数) a great deal 许多东西 a large quantity of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) a series of 一系列的 a source of ……的一个来源 a third ①三个中的一个 ②三分之一 a total of 总计……(接数词) a type of 一种 a variety of 一种 above all 最重要的是,首先要 according to 根据、依照 achieve one's aim/goal 实现某人的目标 add A to B 把 A 加到 B 上 add to 增加到 add up to 总计(无被动形式) admit to 承认 advise (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) advise sb. to do 劝说某人去做 afford sb. sth. 为某人承担…… afford sth. to sb. 为某人承担…… afford to do 能够去做 after a while 不久 after all 毕竟;终究
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
after that 从这以后(用一般现在时) agree on 在……达成共识 agree to do 同意去做 agree to one's plan/suggestion 采纳某人的计划(建议) agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis 同意某人的看法(见解) agree with sb. ①(衣服等)适合某人 ②与……一致 ③同意、赞同 agree with sb. on that point 在那方面同意某人的意见 ahead of time 事先;提前 aim at ①瞄准 ②追求、旨在 all sorts of 各种各样的 all the same 仍然、依然 all the way 全程 all the year round 整年 all through the(night/year/one's life) 整个… allow doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事 announce sth. to sb. 向某人宣布…… announce to sb. sth. 向某人宣布…… answer for 为……负责任 anyone who = whoever 任何人(引导主语从句) apart from 除……外还…… appear to do 好像…… apply for 申请 apply one's minds to 专心于 appreciate doing 感激做…… as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result of 由于…… as if 似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句) as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句) as soon as 一……就……(引导时间状语从句) as though 似乎、好像 as well as ①和……一样 ②与……一样好 as well 也;一样 ask (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) ask for a leave 请假 ask sb. for advice 取得某人的建议 at a distance 有一些距离、在远处 at a great depth 在很深处 at a loss 不知所措、困惑不解 at a low/high price 价格低(高) at a low/high speed 速度很慢/快地…… at a safe speed 以安全速度行驶 at a speed of 以……的速度行驶 at a time 一次;有时、曾经 at least 至少、最少
27

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
at most 最多、至多 at one time 曾经、以前 at present 现在 at the ball 在舞会上 at the beginning of 在……的开始 at the cost of 以……为代价 at the crossing 在十字路口 at the price of 以……为代价 at the risk of 冒着……的危险 at the same time 同时 at the sight of 看见 at the speed of 以……的速度 at the thought of 当……想到 attempt to do 尝试去做、企图去做 attend to sth. 注意;对……关注 attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度 attract one's attention 吸引某人注意力 be able to do 能够……、有能力…… be about to do when 就要做某事时,突然…… be about to do 准备做……(不接时间状语,表示将来) be absent from 不在、缺席 be absorbed in 沉迷于……、迷恋于…… be active in 在……活跃 be admitted into universities 被大学录取 be afraid of doing 担心某事会发生 be afraid of sth./sb. 害怕某人(物) be afraid that… 恐怕…… be afraid to do 不敢去做 be after sth./sb. 找…… be along with 和……一起 be an expert on/in/at sth. 在……是专家 be angry at sth. 对某事感到生气 be angry with sb./sth. 对某人(物)感到生气 be anxious about 为……感到焦虑 be anxious for sth. 急切地要…… be anxious to do 急切去做…… be ashamed of 感到羞耻、惭愧 be at breakfast/lunch/supper 在吃早/午/晚饭 be at the same level 在同一水平上 be aware of sth. 知道 be away from 离……远 be based on 以……为基础、以……为根据 be better off 境况好 be blind to 对……视而不见
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
be busy doing 忙着…… be busy with 忙着…… be careful 小心 be caught in 被困住 be concerned about 关心 be connected with ……与……有联系 be content to do 甘愿做某事、愿意做某事 be content with 对……满足 be crowded with 挤满了 be dangerous ……(对……)构成威胁、是危险的 be deaf to 对……听而不闻、充耳不闻 be disappointed in sth. 对某事(物)失望 be disappointed with sb./sth. 对……失望 be doing when 正要做某事时,突然…… be doing 表达某种语气、感情,如喜爱、 be eager to do 盼望去做…… be engaged in 忙于、致力于 be engaged to 与……订婚 be equal to 与……相等 be expert in/at doing 擅长于…… be famous as 作为……而出名 be famous for 因为……而出名 be famous to sb. 在……中出名 be favourable to 有助于、有利于 be fit for sth. 适合…… be fond of 爱好…… be friendly/kind/polite to sb. 对某人友好 be going to do 即将做…… be harmful to 对……有害 be honoured for sth. ……因为……受尊敬 be in (the) majority 占大多数,处于多数 be in business 营业 be in danger 处于危险之中 be in disorder 没有秩序、乱 be in hospital 住院 be in low/high spirits 情绪低落/高昂 be in poor health 身体不好 be kind for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事(对人)有好处 be kind of sb. 某人好 be known for 因为……而出名 be known to sb. 在……中出名 be lacking in 缺乏 be longing for 盼望去做…… be longing to do 盼望去做…
29

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
be lost in sight 看不见 be lost in thought 陷入沉思 be made from 由……(加工)制成 be made into 制成、加工成 be made of 由……(直接)制成 be made up of ……由……组成 be off 离开 be on a visit from sp. 从某地来访问 be on a visit to sp. 正游览、参观某地 be on business 因公(办事等) be on diet 节食 be on duty 值日、上班 be on fire 着火 be on holiday/vacation 在度假 be on sale 待售、拍卖 be on show 展览;上映 be out of fashion 过时、不流行 be out of order 没有秩序、乱 be out of reach ①够不着 ②无能 be prepared for 为……作准备(接抽象事物) be proud of 以……自豪 be ready for 准备好做…… be ready to do 准备好做…… be recognised as 被认作是 be reduced by 降低了……(接数字、百分数) be related to 与……有联系 be responsble for 为……负责任 be rich in 在……丰富 be satisfied with 对……满意 be short of 缺少 be strict in sth. 对某事严格要求 be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求 be successful in doing sth. 做……成功 be suitable for 适合 Be sure(certain) to do… 确信做某事(祈使句) be tired from sth./doing (身体上)劳累、疲劳 be tired of sth./doing 厌倦…… be tired out 筋疲力尽 be to blame (应该)受责备 be to do 准备做…… be trapped by 被围困 be treated as 把……当作……对待 be under construction 建设中 be unwilling to do 不愿去做
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
be willing to do 盼望去做…… be worried about 为……担心 be worth doing 值得…… be/become known as 作为……而出名 be/become widely accepted 被广泛的接受 before long 没过多久(常用于将来时、过去时) believe in ①信赖、信任 ②信奉、信仰 belong to sb. 属于 benefit from 从……获取利益、好处 beyond reach 够不着;找不到、消失 break away from 脱离 break down ①分解;破裂 ②(汽车)抛锚 break in 打断……的话 break off 折断、中断、罢工 break one's promise/words 破坏某人的诺言、食言 break out 分裂、爆发 break the record 打破纪录 break the rules 违反规则 break up 分解 bring about 带来、造成 bring down 使……下降 bring in 引进 bring on 引起、导致 bring sth. to one's notice 使某人注意…… bring up 抚育、养育 build up 建立 burn down 烧毁 burn up 消耗 burst in 闯进、闯入 burst into tears/laughter 突然放声大哭/笑 burst out doing 爆发;突然 by chance 偶然 by means of 通过……的办法 by occasionally 偶然的 by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year 按小时/日/周/分/月/年算 by the time 一段时间前(引导时间状语从句) by the way 顺便说一下 by this means 用这种方法 by weight/length/volume 按重量/长度/容量算 call a taxi 打的 call at sp. 拜访某地 call for ①要求 ②邀请 call in sb. 派人去请 call on sb. to do… 号召某人做某事
31

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
call on sb. 拜访某人 call one's attention to sth. 让某人引起对……的注意 call up sb. ①使……想起 ②给……打电话 calm down 镇定下来 can't help doing 情不自禁地…… can't resist doing 不能抗拒做…… carry about 携带、随身带 carry away 冲垮;拿走 carry forward 发展、发扬 carry off 抢走、夺走 carry on 进行、继续 carry out 实行 carry with 进行、继续 catch a cold 感冒 catch fire 着火 catch in 被……困住、绊住 catch one's attention 吸引了……的注意 catch sight of 看到…… change A for B 用 B 替换 A change into 变成 close to 靠近某地 come about 发生 come across 偶然遇见 come along 进展、进行 come at 袭击、向……打击 come away 脱离、掉下 come back ①回来 ②醒过来 come down 下降 come into being 形成、产生、存在(无被动) come into effect 生效、启用 come off 脱离、掉下 come on ①加油 ②进展 come out ①产生、出现 ②被知道 ③出版、发行 ④结局、结果 come right 直接 come round 转身 come to ①把注意力转向…… ②到来 come to an end 消亡、灭亡、分裂 come to one's notice 引起某人的注意 come to oneself 苏醒、恢复知觉 come true 成为现实 come up ①上升 ②发生 ③产生 ④(问题、话题、议题)被提出(无被动) come up to 过来 come upon 偶然遇见 command (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气)
32

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
compare A to B 把 A 比作 B compare A with B 把 A 与 B 作比较 congratulate sb./sth. (on sth.) 祝贺…… congratulations on sth. ……的祝贺 connect A to B 连接 A 与 B(单方面) connect A with B 连接 A 与 B(两方面) consider sb./sth. to be/as 把……看作 consider sth./doing 考虑(做)…… consist of 由……组成 content oneself with sth. 对……满意 continue doing 一直做(同一件事) continue to do 继续做(下一件事) continue with sth. 继续做某事 contribute sth. to sth. 为……贡献…… convert sth. into sth. 把……转变成…… could have done 本来能做成的(却没做成)(虚拟语气) couldn't have done 本来做不成的(却做成了)(虚拟语气) count on/upon 指望、依靠 cover sth./sb. with sth. 用……盖住…… cure sb. of 治好某人的(病) cut away 切下;逃跑 cut down 砍倒;缩减 cut off 切断 cut out 切下;删除 cut up 割开;切碎 daily goods 日用品 dance to the music 伴着音乐跳舞 dare to do 敢于…… date back to 起源于、追溯到 date from 起源于、追溯到 day after day 日复一日 day and night 一天到晚 day by day 逐日 deal with 处理、对待 declare sb./sth. to be adj./n. 宣称……是……(接形容词或名词) delay doing/sth. 推迟…… demand (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) demand sth. of/from sb. 向某人要求…… demand to do 要求去做 depend on/upon 取决于、依赖于、依靠 describe sth. to sb. 将……描述给(讲给)…… despise of sb. 看不起 determine sb. to do 使某人下决心做某事 determine to do 下决心做某事
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
develop a habit 养成习惯 devote sth./oneself to sth./doing 把……奉献给…… die away (气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、变弱 die down 平息、变弱、逐渐消失 die from( polluted air/over work/an accident/…) 因为(空气污染、过度劳累、事故等)而死 die of (grief/cold/hungry/old age/… ) 因为(悲伤、寒冷、饥饿、年老等)而死 die out 灭绝;死光、死绝 dig out 挖出 direct sb. to do 指导、要求某人去做 direct that sb. should do 命令某人去做 discourage sb. from sth./doing 阻碍某人做某事 dislike doing/sb./sth. 不喜欢…… dive off 从……跳水 divide sth. into 将……分成 do a good deed 做好事 do damage to 损害 do good/harm to sb./sth. 对……有好处(坏处) do research on/in/about/into sth. 研究…… do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙 do sb. good/harm 对某人有好处(坏处) do sb. the favour to do/of doing 帮某人忙做…… do sth. by hand 手工制作(常用被动) do sth. by turns 轮流做……、依次做…… do sth. for fun 做……为了取乐 do with 处理 draw a deep breath 深呼吸 draw conclusions 下结论 draw in ①(车)进站 ②引诱 draw one's attention 吸引某人注意力 dream of sth./doing 梦想 drink to 为……干杯 eager for 渴望 earn one's living 谋生 easy-going 随和、平易近人 eat one's words 收回某人(说过)的话 eat up 吃光 either A or B 是 A 或者是 B(谓语动词就近一致) encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做…… end up with 以……结束 escape doing sth. 逃避做…… escape from sp. 从……逃离 ever lasting 永不停止的、永远的 except for 除了(用于两种不同的事物) expect sb. to do 期望某人……
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
expect sth. to be done 期望某事被…… expect to be/do 期望会…… explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释…… explain to sb. sth. 向某人解释…… export to 向……出口 face to face 面对面(作状语) face-to-face 面对面的(作定语) fail to do 失败、未做成 fall asleep 睡着了 fall behind 落后 fall ill 生病 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 fall off 掉下 far more interesting 更有趣 feed on sth. 以……为食 feed sb./sth. with/on sth. 用……喂养 feed sth. to sb./sth. 把……喂养给…… feel alone 感到孤单 feel one's way 摸索着前进 feel out 探索某人的意图 fight against 与……作斗争、与……交战 fight back 回击 fight for sth. 为了……而斗争 figure on 指望、计划、打算 figure out ①解决 ②计算出来、合计出 fill with 充满 find out 找出、查明 find sb./sth. do 发现……做过…… find sb./sth. doing 发现……正在…… find sb./sth. done 发现……被…… finish off 结束、完成 fire at 向……开火 first aid 急救 first of all 首先 fit club 健身俱乐部 fix A to B 把 A 固定在 B 上 fix one's attention on sth. 把某人的注意力集中到……上 fix one's eyes on sth. 目不转睛、凝视、把注意力集中在……上 float off 漂浮 fly over (从上面)飞越 fold up 折叠起来 follow one's advice on 听从……的建议 follow the rules 遵守规则 fool sb. into doing sth. 哄骗某人做某事
35

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
for (political) reasons 由于(政治)原因 for a while 一段时间 for fear that 担心 for free 免费的 for instance 例如 for one thing 首先 for one's sake 为……起见 for oneself 为了自己 for sale 准备出售 for the first time 第一次 for the sake of 为……起见 forbid sb. to do 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do 强迫某人做…… foreign affairs 外交事务、外事、外务 form a habit 养成习惯 frankly speaking 坦白地说 free from 没有、免除 from the beginning 从一开始 from time to time 时常、经常 gain in 获得 generally speaking 一般来说 get across 通过、越过、穿过 get along (well) with ①与某人相处(得好) ②进展(顺利) get broken 弄坏了 get caught in 遇到 get changed 换衣服 get close to sth./sb. 与……接近 get hurt 受伤了 get in touch with 与……取得联系 get in 进入 get into ①坐进(轿车、出租车等) ②陷入(某种状态)之中 get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 get off ①下车 ②脱下 get on (well) with sb./sth. 与某人(事、物)相处(得好) get over 恢复、克服 get paid ……被付钱、得钱、挣钱 get ready for sth. 准备好…… get rid of 去除 get separated 分开 get sth. ready for 为……作准备 get through ①接通(电话) ②通过(考试) ③完成(工作、任务) ④通过(议案、计划) ⑤ 消息传到…… get tired of sth./doing 感到厌倦 get to know sb. (刚刚)认识某人
36

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
get together 聚会 get up to one's feet 站起来 get worse 越来越坏了 give a birth to a baby 生小孩 give a hand 帮助 give a talk 做报告;做演讲 give away 把……送出去 give back 送回去、拿回去 give birth to 生产、生育 give in 屈服、投降、让步(不及物) give off 散发、发出(气味、光线、声音) give out ①发出(气味、光线、声音) ②用尽 ③精疲力尽 give over 交托、停止、放弃 give sb. a lift 搭车 give sb. a message 给(收信人)留/传个信 give sb. advice on sth./how to do 给某人……的建议 give sb. sth. 把……给某人 give sth. away 把……送出去 give up sth./doing 放弃 give way to 让位给…… go aboard a plane/ship 登飞机/船 go abroad 出国 go against 违背 Go ahead. (口语)鼓励某人做某事、去做吧 go bad 变坏 go by 经过 go down 下降、减弱 go mad about sth./doing 痴迷于……,为……疯狂 go missing 不见、丢失 go off ①离去 ②变质 go on a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 go on board 登(船、飞机) go out 出去;(灯火)熄灭 go over to 到……去 go over 温习、复习;检查 go through ①穿过 ②仔细察看 ③经历 go to sp. for a holiday 到……度假 go up 上升、增强 go with ①和……一起去 ②(颜色、款式等)搭配 good manner 好方法 good manners 有礼貌 graduate from 从……毕业 grow rich 变得富有 guess sb. to be 猜测某人是……
37

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
had done sth. when… 刚刚做完某事,突然…… hand down 继承、传下去 hand in 上交 hand out 发出去 hand over 递交、转交、移交 hang up 挂断(电话) Hardly…when… 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) have a cold 感冒 have a great effect on 对……有很大的影响(效果) have a high opinion of 高度评价 have a problem with sth. 在……有问题 have a rest 休息 have a seat 坐下 have a talk with sb. 跟某人谈话 have a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 have an effect on sb. 对……有影响(效果) have difficulty/trouble (in) doing/sth. 做……有困难 have the habit of doing 有做……的习惯 have trouble with sth. 做……有麻烦 have words with sb. 与某人吵架、口角 head back 调头 hear about sth./sb. (through sb.) (通过某人)听说…… hear from 收到……的来信 hear of sth./sb. 听说…… hear the concert 听音乐会 hold back ①阻止、阻挡 ②缩回来 hold down 阻止;压制 hold on ①别挂断(电话) ②坚持 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 hold out ①伸出(手) ②支持、坚持、维持 hold the record 保持纪录 hold to 坚持 hold up ①阻挡 ②使……停顿 ③抬起 honestly speaking 说句实话 how to do it 怎么去做(作宾语) humour sense 幽默感 hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数) hunt for 寻找 hurry off 快点走 I (don't) doubt that/if/whether… 我(不)怀疑……(接宾语从句) I can't speak too high of him. 我已经无法用语言形容了。(用于赞美) I suppose sb. be doing sth. 我想你应该在做……。 I wonder whether/how… 我想知道…… if any 如果有
38

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
if not more 如果不是更多 if not 如果不 I'm afraid that… 我害怕……(接宾语从句) I'm satisfied that… 我满足……(接宾语从句) I'm sure that… 我确定……(接宾语从句) imagine (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做某事 imagine sb./sth. to be 假想……成为…… imagine that 假想…… in (good) order 秩序井然、有序 in a high/low voice 高(低)声说话 in a hundred years' time 在一百年时间里 in a time 一段时间后 in a while 一会儿 in a word 一句话、简而言之 in addition 另外 in advance 提前、事先 in all 总计;一共 in ancient times 古代 in case of 在……的时候、要是 in case 以防万一、在……情况下 in charge of 管理 in comfort 舒适 in common with 与……一样 in common 有共同点 in despair 绝望 in fact 实际上 in favour of 喜爱 in front of 在……前面 in future 从今以后 in general 一般来说 in honour of 为了纪念……;为了欢迎…… in hopes of doing 带着……的期望 in many ways 在不同方面 in memory of 纪念…… in modern times 当今 in one's opinion 某人认为…… in one's spare time 在某人的空闲时间 in one's way 挡某人的路 in order to do 为了…… in other words 换句话说 in pain 处于痛苦中 in particular 特别地 in place of 代替 in praise of sb. 为了赞颂……、为了表扬……
39

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
in reach 够得着 in return 回报 in search of 寻找…… in silence 沉默地、不作声地 in spite of doing/sth. 尽管 in that case 如果那样的话 in that 因为、在……方面说 in the (1870)'s/(1870)s 在(19)世纪(70)年代 in the beginning 在开始 in the case of sth./sb. 某人(事)的情况 in the dark 在暗处(光线弱,用于指地点) in the direction of 向……方向 in the distance 在远方、在远处 in the early days 早期 in the fields of sth. 在……领域 in the following years 在接下来的几年里 in the front of 在……内的最前面 in the future 在未来;在将来 in the hope of doing 带着……的期望 in the hospital 在医院里 in the last hour 在最后几个小时里(用于现在完成时) in the old days 过去的时候 in the past (ten) years 在最后(十)年里(用于现在完成时) in the same way 用相同的方法 in the shade 在树阴下 in the years that followed 在接下来的几年里 in the years to come 在未来几年里 in this way 用这种方法 in time 及时 in total 总计;一共 increase by 增加 insist (that) sb. (should) do 坚持要某人做某事(虚拟语气) insist on doing/sth. 坚持…… insist that… 坚持说、坚持主张 intend for 为……准备 intend to do 打算去做 invite sb. to sp. 邀请……到…… It appears/appeared (to sb.) that… 对某人来说好像…… It is (high) time (that) sb. did/should do 是该做……的时候了(虚拟语气) It is a pleasure to do… 很高兴做某事 It is believed that… 人们相信…… It is better to do…than to do… (后者)比(前者)好 It is certain that… ……是确定无疑的 It is hoped that… 人们希望……
40

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
It is important that… ……重要 It is known that… 人们知道…… It is likely that… ……有可能……(可能性一般) It is necessary that… ……有必要 It is no use/good doing… 做……没有用 It is no wonder that… ……毫无疑问。/……是确定无疑的。 It is not any use/good doing… 做……没有用 It is one's turn to do sth. 轮到某人做…… It is polite/impolite to do… ……(不)礼貌。 It is possible that… ……有可能……(可能性最小) It is probable that… ……有可能……(可能性最大) It is reported that… 据报道…… It is said that… 人们说…… It is suggested that… 人们建议…… It is thought that… 人们认为…… It is up to sb.(to do) 由某人来决定 It is useless doing… 做……没有用 It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句 (强调句型) It is+n.+for sb. to do sth. = To do sth. is n. for sb. 做某事对某人是…… It makes no difference. 没有什么区别。 It occurred to sb. that… 某人忽然意识到…… It seems that… 看起来…… It seems to sb.… 在某人看来…… It seems/looks/sounds as if/though… 看起来(听起来)好像……(有虚拟语气形式) It turned out that… 好像……(接主语从句) join in 参加(大型活动) judge by/from 以……来判断…… keep (sb./sth.) away from 阻止、远离 keep back ①阻止、阻挡、使……后退 ②扣留、保留 keep fit 保持身体健康 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep off 使……离开 keep on doing sth. 持续做某事 keep one's promise/words 遵守某人的诺言 keep out 使……不进入 keep quiet 保持安静 keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事 keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 keep silent 保持沉默 keep the record 保持纪录 keep the rules 遵守规则 keep up 维持、保持(精神状态) key points 要点 knock at/on the door/window 敲门、窗
41

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
knock down 绊倒 knock into sb. 撞见、突然碰见 knock over 撞翻 knock sth. into sth. 敲进…… know about sb. 认识(听说过)某人 labour force 劳动力 land on 降落 Lantern Festival 元宵节(灯笼节) laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 lead to 引起、导致、带来 leave for sp. 到某地 leave sb. alone 把……留下 leave sb. doing 使人处于某种状态 leave sth. to sb./sth. 把……留给…… let in 让……进来 let sb. down 让……失望 lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于 lie on ①与……接壤 ②(城市)位于(河、湖、海边) lie to 与……接壤或接近 light up 放光芒、放光彩 like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生) like to do 愿意做(特指某一次) live on sth. 以……为生 load with 承载、负担 long before 很久以前(常用于一般过去时、过去完成时) look by 旁观 look down upon 贱视、鄙视、看不起 look for ahead 向前看 look for 寻找 look forward(s) to doing/sth. 期待 look in 寻找 look into 调查研究 look on sb./sth. as 把……当作 Look out. 小心。 look over ①检查②视察 look sb./sth. up and down 仔细打量…… look through 浏览 lose heart 失去信心 lose one's sight 失明 lose one's temper 发脾气 lose one's way 迷路 lose touch with 与……失去联系 lose weight 减少体重 make (good) use of (正确地)使用
42

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
make a (phone) call 打电话 make a choice 作出选择 make a decision 下决心 make a fun of sb. 对某人开玩笑 make a good effort 作出很大的努力 make a plan for 为……制订计划 make a promise 许下诺言 make an effort to do 努力去做 make arrangements 做安排 make contributions to sth./doing 为……做出贡献 make ends meet oneself 维持生计 make noise 发出噪音 make one's living (by doing) (以……)谋生 make out 辨认出 make progress 取得进步 make sth. into sth. 把……变成…… Make sure(certain) that… 确信……(祈使句) make up ①编造 ②和好 ③凑足(钱)、使……完整 ④构成、组成 ⑤打扮 make up one's mind (to do) 下决心(去做) make use of sth. 使用、利用……去做某事 manage to do 设法做成…… many a 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数) marry A to B 把 A 嫁(娶)给 B may/might have done 可能做完了(某事) mean that 意味着……(接从句) mean to do 打算…… meet one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求 meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求 meet the standard of 满足……的要求 meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 ②符合、迎合、契合 mix A with B 用 B 与 A 混合 more than one 不只一个(接可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数) move around 绕着……来回转 much too 太(接形容词) must have done 一定做完了(某事) must/might be doing 一定在……(对正在发生的情况推测) must/might have been doing 一定是一直在…… (对发生在过去, 现在仍在进行的情况进行推 测) natural gift 天赋 need doing/to be done 需要(被)…… need have done 本来用做的(却没做)(虚拟语气) need sb. to do 需要某人去做…… needn't have done 本来不用做的(却做了)(虚拟语气)
43

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
neither A nor B 既不是 A 也不是 B(谓语动词就近一致) next to 紧挨着、靠近 no better than 与……一样差 no later than 不迟于 no longer 不再(表动作或状态) no matter how = however 不管、不论(引导让步状语从句) no matter what = whatever 不管什么(引导让步状语从句) no matter when = whenever 不管什么时候(引导让步状语从句) no matter where = wherever 不管在哪里(引导让步状语从句) no matter who = whoever 不管谁(引导让步状语从句) no more than ①两者都不…… ②只有、仅 no more 不再(表次数) no more…that… 两者都不…… No sooner…than… 一……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) no wonder 怪不得、难怪 Nobody but A… 除了 A 以外没有人(谓语动词与 nobody 一致,用单数) nod to 向……点头 not a bit 一点也不 Not A but B… 不是 A 而是 B……(谓语动词与 B 一致) not a little 很、非常 not all 不都 not any longer 不再(表动作或状态) not any more 不再(表次数) not both 不都 Not only A but (also) B… 不但 A,而且 B……(谓语动词与 B 一致) Not only…, but also… 不仅 …… ,而且……(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) Not until…did… 直到……才…… (部分倒装句式,前句不倒装后句倒装) not…at all 一点也不 nothing but/except 除了……没有别的 now and then 有时;不时地 now that 既然(引导原因状语从句) obey the rules 遵守规则 object to sth./doing 反对、不赞成 of one's own 属于某人自己的 of oneself 自动地、自己就…… of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/important/…+to sb. ……对某人(没)有…… offer (sb.) money for sth. 出价、买 offer (sb.) sth. for money 要价、卖 offer sb. sth. 提供……给某人 offer sth. to sb. 提供……给某人 offer to do 提出要做…… Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 on (the) television 从电视上 on arrival 一到那里
44

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
on average 平均 on condition that 以……为条件 on earth ①在地球上 ②究竟 on one's own 自己、靠自己 on one's way to sp. 在某人去……的路上 on purpose 故意的、特意的 on sale 正在出售 on the contrary 相反 on the earth 在地球上 on the edge of 在……的边缘 on the left 在左边 on the other side 另一边 on the radio 从收音机里 on the right 在右边 on time 准时、按时 once a while 有时、偶尔 once again 再次、又一次 once in a while 偶尔、有时 once more 再次、又一次 once upon a time 很久以前 one after another 一个接一个 one and a half years 一年半 one another 互相、彼此 one day 某一天 one person in ten 十个人中有一个 one person out of ten 十个人中有一个 one such+n. 这样一个……(名词用单数) one's attitude to/towards sth. 某人对……的态度 only to find 结果却发现 operate on sb. 给某人做手术 opposite direction 相反方向 order (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) ought not to have done 不应该做(却做了) ought to have done 应该做(却没做) out of breath 上气不接下气 out of one's reach 够不着 out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放 over and over again 一次又一次、再三 over the radio 从收音机里 over the years 这几年里 owe one's success to sb. 把某人的成功归功于别人 owe one's thanks to sb. 感谢某人 owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物 owe sth. to sb. 把……归于……
45

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
pass away 病故、病逝 pass down 继承、传下去 pass on 传递 pass the exam 考试及格 pay (special/little/much) attention to sth./ doing 对……(特别/不/很)注意 pay back the money 还钱 pay money for sth. 付……的钱 pay off the money/debt 还清钱/债务 permit doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某事 persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见 personal affairs 私事 persuade sb. (not) to do 说服某人(不)去做 persuade sb. into doing 说服某人去做 persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人不去做 pick on 挑选;挑剔 pick out 挑选 pick up ①捡起 ②接收(广播等) ③接某人 ④学会 ⑤挑选 ⑥购买 plan to do 计划做…… play a joke with sb. 对某人开玩笑 play a part in 在……起作用 play a trick on sb. 对某人开玩笑 plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) pocket money 零用钱、零花钱 point at 指……(人)(有不礼貌的含义) point out 指出 point to 指向…… pour in 倾倒 power failure 停电 practise sth./doing 练习…… prefer doing… to doing… 比起做(后者)宁愿做(前者) prefer sb. to do… 想让某人去做…… prefer sth. to sth. (前者)比起(后者)更好 prefer to do… 比起……更愿意…… prefer to do…rather than do… 比起……更愿意…… prepare oneself for 为……作准备(接抽象事物) pretend to be doing 假装正在做…… pretend to do 假装…… prevent sb./sth. from doing 阻止……做某事 promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事 promise sb. sth. 把……借给某人 promise sth. to sb. 把……借给某人 propose (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) protect sb./sth. from being done/sth. 保护……免于 prove sb. to be 证实某人……
46

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供…… provide sth. to sb. 为某人提供…… push over 推倒 put aside 放一边、置之不理 put away ①收拾、整理 ②打消……(念头) put down ①写下、记下 ②伤心 put forward 提出、传出 put off ①推迟 ②去除 put on performances 演出 put on 穿、戴 put out the fire 扑灭火 put sb. in/into prison 把某人关进监狱 put sth. into/in practice 投入(运用于)实践 put through 使……通过、完成 put up ①搭建、 建立 ②张贴 ③留某人住 put up with 忍受 quantities of 大量(接可数、不可数名词,谓语动词用复数) quite a few 许多 quite a lot of 许多 raise a question 提出问题 range from sth. to sth. 包括从……到…… reach an agreement 达成共识 refer to ①指的是 ②指到、说到、提及、谈到 regard sb./sth. as 当作、认为 regret doing 悔恨做过…… regret to do 后悔去…… rely on sb. 依赖某人 remember doing 想起来做过 remember sb. to sb. 让某人记住某人 remember to do 想起来该做 remind sb. of sth./sb. 让某人想起……、提醒某人…… remind sb. that 提醒某人…… reply to 答复 request (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) require (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) require doing/to be done 要求(被)…… require to do sth. 请求…… rest room 厕所 result from 由于 result in 导致 return sth. to sb. 把……归还…… return to normal 复原 return to sp. 回到…… right away 马上、立刻
47

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
right now 马上、立刻 ring back 回电话 ring off 挂断(电话) rob sb. of sth. 抢某人的…… rot away 腐烂 run at a speed of sth. 以……的速度前进 run at top speed 全速前进 run in 追捕 run off 跑开、跑掉 run out of sth. ……用光了 run out 用尽 run short 短缺 rush hour 交通拥挤时间 satisfy one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求 save sth. for 节约、节省 say hello to sb. 向某人问好 sb. be determined to do 下决心去…… sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓励…… sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对……熟悉 sb. be forced to do 某人被强迫…… sb. be likely to do 很可能…… sb. be married to sb. 与……结婚 sb. be pleased to do…/at doing… 很高兴…… sb. be pleased with sth. 对……感到高兴、满意 sb. be said to do 某人将要…… sb. be supplied with sth. 某人被提供…… sb. be supposed to do 某人应该去做 sb. be supposed to have done 某人本来应该做(却没做) sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 某人对做某事有把握 sb. be sure/certain to do 某人一定会做…… sb. be thought of/as ……被当作 sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应…… sb. be wanted on the phone 某人打来电话 sb. do so/such…as to do 某人做得……是为了…… sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以……结束…… sb. find sth. (hard) to do 某人发现(很难)做某事 sb. get used to doing/sth. 习惯于……、适应 sb. happen to do 某人恰好做某事 sb. have been married for (3 years) ……已经结婚(3 年)了 sb. have no doubt that… 某人对……不容怀疑 sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚饭吃…… sb. knock oneself against sth. 某人撞到……上 sb. need sth. done 某人需要某事物被做 sb. seems to do/to have done 某人好像做(完)某事
48

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
sb. used to do 过去常常 sb. wonder if/whether… 某人想知道是否…… sb. would prefer to do… 宁愿去做 Scarcely…when… 还没……就…… (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) search for sb./sth. 寻找…… search sp. for sb./sth. 在……寻找…… see around 四处看、环顾 see off ①送行 ②发出邀请 see to 负责、照料 seek for 寻找 send away ①派遣 ②开除、解雇 send back 退还 send for ①派人去请 ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人 send in 请进、领进 send off ①送行 ②寄信 ③发出邀请 send out ①派出 ②发出(气味、光线、声音等) ③寄出(邀请、通知等) ④发芽 send round/around 传递、传阅 send up 使……上升;发射 separate A from B 将 A 和 B 分开 set a good example to sb. 给某人树立了好榜样 set about doing 开始去做 set aside 放一边、置之不理 set in 局限于 set off for sp. 到某地 set out for sp. 出发去某地 set sb. free 把……释放 set up a record 创立纪录 set up for sp. 到某地 set up 建立组织(团体、机构等) settle down 定居、安居 settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来 shake hands with sb. 与……握手 share sth. with sb. 与某人共享 shoot at 朝……射击,瞄准 should have done 应该做(却没做)(虚拟语气) shouldn't have done 不应该做(却做了)(虚拟语气) shout at sb. 向某人喊(有不礼貌的含义) shout to sb. 向某人喊 show (sb.) around 带某人参观 show (sb.) in 带进、领进 show (sb.) out 带出、领出 show off 夸耀、显示 show one's respect to sb. 向某人表达敬意、尊敬某人 since then 从此以后(用现在完成时)
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
sing high praise for 高度评价 slip out 悄悄地溜出去 smooth away 摆脱、去除 so as to do 为了…… So far as I know/see,… 据我所知,…… so far 至今为止 so…that… 太……以致……(接从句) solve the problem 解决问题 some day 某一天 some one 某个人/物 some time 一段时间 some times 几次 something as follows 需要以下东西 sooner or later 迟早 speak highly of sb. 高度评价某人、夸耀某人 speak in a high/low voice 大(小)声说话 speed up 加速 spend time in doing 在做……上花费时间(doing 为现在分词) spend time on sth./doing 在……上花费时间(doing 为动名词) spit out 吐出 stand for 代表、表示 stand still 一直站着 stare at 盯着 start a fire 生火 start to do 开始做(另一件事) stay silent 保持沉默 stay still 一直呆着 stay up 挺立;熬夜 step by step 一步一步地 sth. be being built ……正在建设 sth. be beyond question 毫无疑问 sth. be considered (to be) ……被……看作 sth. be familiar to sb. 某人对……熟悉 sth. be on sale ……正被出售 sth. be out of question 毫无疑问 sth. be used as ……被当作 sth. be used for ……被用作 sth. be used to do ……被用来做 sth. cost sb. some money ……花某人多少钱 sth. determine sb. to do ……使某人下决心做某事 sth. do/does/did not help ……不起作用 sth. had not done…when 某事还没做多久时…… sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事 sth. last sb. some time 维持多长时间
50

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
stick in 陷进……、困入…… stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决定、计划、诺言);粘上 stop doing 停止做某事 stop sb./sth. (from) doing 阻止……做某事 strictly speaking 严格地说 struggle against 与……作斗争、与……交战 struggle for sth. 为了……而斗争 struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 struggle with 与……作斗争、与……交战 succeed in doing sth. 做……成功 such as 就像、比如 suffer from 遭受 suggest (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人应该做某事(虚拟语气) suggest doing…/sth. 建议(做)…… suggest sth. to sb. 建议某人做某事 suggest that… 表明、暗示 suggest to sb. sth. 建议某人做某事 supply sb. with sth. 将……供应给…… supply sth. to sb. 将……供应给…… suppose sb. to be 猜想某人会…… suppose sb. to do 猜想某人会做…… suppose that… 猜想…… switch off 切断(电源开关等) take (an active) part in (积极地)参加 take a deep breath 深呼吸 take a rest 休息 take a seat 坐下 take a taxi 找出租车、打的 take along 携带 take away 拿走 take back ①拿回 ②退缩 take care 小心 take control of 控制 take from 从……取得 take in ①欺骗 ②收留 ③吸入、拿进来 take it easy ①别紧张、放松 ②掉以轻心 take it for granted that… 认为……是理所当然的 take measures 采取措施 take notes 做记录 take off ①起飞 ②脱下 ③离开 take on ①呈现、显现 ②雇佣 ③承担(工作) take over ①继承 ②接管 take photographs of sb./sth. 给……拍照片 take place 发生
51

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
take pride in 以……自豪 take sb. up to sp. 带某人去某地 take sb./sth. seriously 认真对待…… take sides in 参加、参与 take sides with 站在……一边 take sth. as 把……看作 take sth. for ①当作、看作 ②误认为…… take sth. for granted 认为……是理所当然的 take sth./sb. for ①把……当作(看作) ②误认为……是 take the place of 取代、代替 take turns at doing 轮流做…… take turns to do sth. 轮流做…… take up ①占据(时间、空间) ②拿起 ③跟着别人说 ④从事 tell the difference between A and B 区分 A 和 B 的不同 tend to do 倾向 tens of thousands of 成千上万的(加可数名词复数) than before 比以前 than usual 比平时 thanks for 多亏了 thanks to 幸亏、由于 That is (to say),… 也就是说,…… the answer/key to the question 问题的答案 the attitude to/towards sth. 对……的态度 the ban on sth./doing ……的禁令 the cost of living 生活的花费 the damage to 对……的毁坏 the entrance to sp. ……的入口 the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从句) the first+n.+to do 第一次做 the key to doing 解决……的关键 the key to the door 门钥匙 the last sentence but one 倒数第二句 the level of the sea 海平面 the majority of+c.n.pl. 大多数的……(接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数) the majority 大多数人(谓语动词单复数均可) the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从句) the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从句) the more…, the more… 越 …… ,越……(more 指形容词比较级) the number of the ……的数量(接可数名词复数;谓语动词用单数) the other day (不久前)有一天 the other 另一个(有范围) the others 其余全部(有范围) the reason for sth. ……的原因 The reason why…is that… 之所以……是因为……
52

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
the rest of 剩下的 the same as 与……一样 the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从句) the students' union 学生会 There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问……/……是确定无疑的。 There is no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要…… There is no need to do… 没有必要…… There is no point in doing sth. 做……没有意义 There is no trouble in doing… 做……没有困难。 There seem(s) to be… 看起来…… There used to be… 过去曾经有…… There's no need for sb. to do… 对某人没有必要做某事 think about 考虑 think highly of 高度评价、夸耀 think of sth./sb./doing ①想到 ②考虑 think over 仔细想 think well of sb. 对……评价很高 throughout the world 全世界 throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 tie A to B 把 A 绑到 B 上 time and time again 一次又一次 to do what 怎么去做(作主语) to one's joy/delight 令……高兴的是…… to one's surprise 令……惊奇的是…… to oneself 对自己 to tell the truth 说句实话 to the joy/delight of sb. 令人高兴 too many 太多(接可数名词复数) too much ①太多(接不可数名词) ②太多的事(作主语) trade in sth. 进行、从事……贸易 trade sth. with sb. 与某人交易…… translate…into… 将(一种语言)翻译成(另一种语言) treat sb./sth. as if/though 对待……好像……(有虚拟语气形式) treat sth. as 把……看作 try doing 尝试去做 try one's best to do 尽某人最大的努力做…… try one's fortune 试运气 try to do 努力去做 turn a blind eye to 对……视而不见、熟视无睹 turn a deaf ear to 对……听而不闻、置若罔闻 turn against 背叛 turn away 转身 turn down ①调小声 ②拒绝
53

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
turn for the worse 越来越坏了 turn into 变成 turn off 关闭 turn on 打开 turn out (to be)+adj./n. 结果是 turn out 出来 turn over 翻动、翻转 turn sth. into 把……变成 turn to sb. (for help) 向某人求助 turn to 把(注意力)转向…… turn up ①调大声 ②出现 turn yellow/green/… 变黄(绿、……) under control 受控制 under management 受控制 under one's direction 在某人的指导下 under the pressure 在压力之下 until recently 直到最近 upside down 颠倒着(作状语) use up 用尽 wait for sb. (to do) 等待某人(做……) wake up 叫醒、唤醒 want doing/to be done 想要(被)…… want sb. to do 想让某人去做 warn sb. not/never to do 警告某人不要做…… warn sb. of sth. 向某人发出对……的警报 wash away (水)冲走 wash out 冲洗干净 wash well 洗得好 Watch out. 小心。 wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人握手问好/道别 wave sb. hello/goodbye 与某人握手问好/道别 way of life 生活方式 wear out ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋疲力尽 What a shame to do sth.! ……多么令人感到可耻! What did sb. use to do? 某人过去常常做什么? What do you mean by the sentence? 你这句话什么意思? What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点钟了? what to do 怎么去做(作宾语) What's going on? 正在发生什么事? what's more. 更多的是;另外 What's the population of sp.? ……人口是多少? What's up? 发生了什么事? when and where 何时何地(谓语动词用单数) whether … or … 不管
54

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
Why don't you do…? 为什么不……? Why not do…? 为什么不……? wish for sth. 希望得到…… wish sb. n./adj. 希望某人…… wish sb. to do 希望某人做…… wish that 希望(虚拟语气) wish to do 希望做…… with this method 用这种方法 within reach 够得着 wonder at/about 对……感到惊讶、疑虑 wonder to do 惊奇地……、对……感到惊奇 wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道…… Word came, that… ……消息传来了。 work at sp. 在……工作 work on sth. 进行……工作 worry about 担心 worse still 更糟糕的是 would like sb. to do 想让某人去做 would prefer to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事 would rather sb. did… 更愿意让某人做…… would rather to do than do 与其做某事不如做某事 write articles for sth. 给……写文章 write articles on (many subjects) 写有关(许多学科)的文章 write down 写下、记下 year after year 年复一年(不变) year by year 逐年(有变化) You'd better do sth. 你最好做……

语法知识
虚拟语气
一、be-型虚拟式 (1)表建议、命令、要求等词之后的 that-分句中。 谓语部分: (should)+动词原形 请求:request 命令:order 、command
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
建议: suggest 、propose、 advise 、move 、recommend 要求: demand、 desire、 require 、ask、 desire 拥护、提倡:advocate 、vote、 maintain 坚持:insist 宁愿: prefer We insisted that he (should) be sent to hospital. 注意:suggest 表示“表明、暗示”时,从句不用虚拟语气; Insist 后接客观情况或事实时,从句不用虚拟,表示“坚持认为”。 (2)用在“It+it/was+important (necessary, natural, essential, strange, absurd, amazing, annoying, desirable, surprising, vital, advisable, anxious, compulsory( 义务的) , crucial(决定性的) , imperative(紧急的), eager, fitting, possible, impossible, improper, obligatory,义不容辞的) probable, preferable, urgent 等 , 以 及 ( insisted, suggested, ordered, requested, arranged, recommended 等) + that ...”结构中的 that 引导的主语从句中。 It`s essential that all the facts be examined first . (3)公式化语句(表祝愿、诅咒、禁止等意义) So be it.(但愿如此/就这样吧) God bless you ! Suffice it to say that ...(只需要说· · ·就够了) He will remain here if need be.=if necessary (4)由 if、though、whatever、lest(以防) 、so long as 引导的分句中表“推测、让步、防备”+ 动词原形 If he be found guilty , John shall have the right of appeal . Though everyone desert you , I will not .

二、were-型虚拟语气 (1)wish/if only wish 表示难以实现的愿望,if only(要是· · ·就好了) 表示感叹。 与现在事实相反的假设 过去时

56

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
与过去事实相反的假设 过去完成时

与将来事实相反的假设

Could/would/might+V

I wish i had a large house with a beautiful garden. If only i were a flying bird! (2)as if/though (与事实相反则不用虚拟语气) 与现在事实相反的假设 过去时

与过去事实相反的假设

过去完成时

与将来事实相反的假设

过去将来时

He talks as if he knew everything. (3)would rather 与现在或将来事实相反的假设 过去时

与过去事实相反的假设

过去完成时

I would rather they came tomorrow.

三、由 If 引导的虚拟条件句 时态 构成 主从句 虚拟条件句 主句

57

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料

与现在事实相反的假 设

If+主语+动词过去式 (be 动词用 were)

主语+would/should /could/might+动词原形

与过去事实相反的假 设

If+主语+had+过去分词

主语+would/should /could/might+have+过去分词

①if+主语+动词过去式 与将来事实相反的假 设 ②if+主语+were to+动词原形 ③if+主语+should+动词原形

主语+would/should /could/might+动词原 形

四、常用过去时态表示假设 ⑴it`s (high) time that... ⑵I would rather/sooner (that) you/ he/they... ⑶If only... ⑷He behaves as if/though... ⑸I wish (that)...

五、含蓄条件句 副词如:or 、otherwise(否则、要不然) 介词如:with、without、but for But for your help, I wouldn`t have finished the work so soon. Without electricity human life would be quit difficult today.


一、部分倒装



只把谓语的一部分(多为助动词、情态动词或 be 动词)置于主语之前的句子,为部分

58

湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
倒装句。其主要类型有: (1)only 修饰状语(状语从句)谓语句首时,谓语部分倒装。 结构为:Only+状语+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分 Only in this way can you solve this problem . Only then did I realize the importance of mathematics . 其它如:only then ,only once,only in America/China,only after the accident 等。 注意:only 修饰主语时不能倒装。如 only 不在句首或虽在句首但不修辞状语时用正常语序。 Only he/Tom knows the secret . Only+从句位于句首时,主谓的部分倒装发生在主句中,而并不发生在从句中。 Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth . Only then did we realize that he was blind . Only in this way can we get in touch with them .

(2)否定副词或短语置于句首时要倒装,这样的副词有:never, rarely, hardly, scarcely(几乎没 有,几乎不), barely(仅仅,几乎不), seldom, little,nowhere(无处,毫无结果) , not until, by no means, in no time, in no case (绝不) , in no way (绝不) , under/in no circumstances (绝不) , neither (nor), no sooner (than), on no account(绝不), not a bit(一点也不,丝毫不), not only, but also 等。 Not only was Churchill a statesman,but also a poet.丘吉尔不仅是一位政治家,还是一位诗人。 Never in all my life have I heard such nonsense.我从未听到过这种胡说! If you don`t go to the concert tonight , nor/neither will I .

(3)频率的时间状语位于句子开头时要倒装。如:often, always, now and then(偶尔,有时), many a time(许多次), every other day(每隔一天), once, then 等。 Many a time have they done that experiment . Now and then does his brother go to the concert .

(4)so+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语,用在肯定句中表示“也······”时,句子要倒装。 I went there yesterday ,so did she . 注意: 若两个动词的形式不一样时, 就得用 so it is with..., it is the same with...或 so it is the case
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
with...。 —Jane is a good student and works hard. —So it is with Tom.或 It is the same with Tom. 若两个主语一致时,赞同第一个人的观点,则表示强调,不能倒装。 —It was cold yesterday. —So it was. as 有时也有类似的用法。 Our eating habits have changed , as has our way of life .

(5)几个复合句型的倒装: ①not...until(直到...才...) not 之后倒装,until 之后保持不变,且 not until 要放在一起。 Not until he returned did we have super. ②no sooner...than.../hardly 或 scarcely...when(一· · · 就· · · ) No sooner had the bell rung than the teacher came in . ③not only...but also...(不但· · · 而且· · · ) 引导两个句子时 not only 之后倒装,but also 之后不 倒装。 Not only was he forced to stay home, but also he had to do this homework. ④so...that...(如此· · · 以致· · · ) So clearly does he speak that we all understand what he says. ⑤neither...nor...(既不· · · 也不· · · ) Neither has he called on her, nor will he do so . ⑥the more...,the more...(越· · · 越· · · ) The more you learn ,the more equipped for life you are . ⑦动词/名词/形容词/副词/不定代词+as 或 though+主语+谓语作让步状语的倒装。 (动词)Object as you may , I will go . (名词)Child as he is , he knows a lot . (形容词)Poor as he is , he lives a happy life . (副词)Hard as/though she had worked , she failed the exam . (不定代词)Much as I told you , you wouldn`t listen . ⑧whatever,however 引导让步状语从句强调形容词或副词时,句子倒装。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
Whatever I gave him , he refused. However hard he tried , he could hardly avoid making mistakes in his homework. No matter how many difficulties you meet with , you should try to overcome them.

二、完全倒装 即谓语动词在主语前面。 (1)在 there be 句型中(其中 be 动词还可以换成 seem 、live 、stand 、lie、 appear、 exist 、 come 等动词)要全部倒装。 Since you have repaired my TV set , there is no need for me to buy a new one. (2)such 在句中作表语或定语谓语句首时,要倒装。 Such a moving film was it that they were all lost in thought after it was over . (3)地点状位于句首强调地点时,句子要倒装。 On the top of the hill stands a temple where the old man once lived. In a lecture hall of a university in England sat a professor. (4)以 here,there 或 out,in,up,down,away,now,then,over,round 等表示位置转移的副词谓语句首 时,要倒装。谓语动词一般为不及物动词:come,go,run,leave,rush,arrive 等。 Here comes a bus. Away went a boy with his parents. 注意:当主语是人称代词时,则句子不能倒装。 Here we are. Out he rushed. (5)As/though(虽然/尽管)引导的让步状语从句中需倒装。 Young as he is ,he knows a lot. Try as he did ,he could not open the door. (6)形容词、分词(V-ing 、V-ed、 to do、介词短语作表语提到句首时,为了描述生动活平 衡句子结构时,要倒装。 Standing beside the window was a boy aged about six.

三、其他形式倒装 (1)虚拟语气中省略 if,则需把 were/should/had 提到句首。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
Were I you ,I would not do it. Should it rain tomorrow ,we would stay indoors. Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution ,I would never have bought one. (2)表示祝愿的语句。 May you succeed! Long live the friendship between us! (3)在疑问句和感叹句中。 "Who is it?" asked my mother. 注意:若谓语动词有宾语或状语时,则不能倒装。 "Who is it?" the teacher asked me . What a beautiful day it is!


一、It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他成分



(1)强调人时可用 who 作连词,强调其他任何部分用 that。被强调部分可以是主语、宾语、 宾补和状语,强调句也可用来强调特殊疑问句的疑问词,但不能强调表语。所强调的部分结 构必须完整。 It was in the park that Tom lost his watch. It is only I who am willing to go to the film . It was because her mother was ill that she didn`t go to work . (2)强调句的一般疑问句只需把 is/was 提前。 Was it in 1939 that the Second World War broke out ? It is professor Wang who teaches you English ? (3)强敌句的特殊疑问句只需在一般疑问句前加上疑问词。 Who was it that broke the window ? How was it that you succeeded? Where was it that he bought the bike ? (4)被强调部分如果是人或物,that 可用 who/whom/which 替代;被强调部分如果是时间

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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
状语或地点状语,其引导词只能是 that,而不能用 when 或 where;强调时间状语时,若有 否定词 not 应提到从句前面。 (5)强调句可用来强调多种状语从句,但不能用来强调让步状语从句和比较状语从句;强调 句可用来强调 because 引导的原因状语从句,但不能用来强调 since 和 as 引导的原因状语从 句。 (6)在强调主语时,被强调的主语若是人称代词,一般用主格 that 后的谓语动词应在人称、 数上保持一致;强调的宾语是 them 时,them 要改用 those。

二、强调词 it 与先行词 it 区分方法:把 it is/was· · ·that· · ·去掉,如果剩下的成分仍然能组成一个完整的句子,这 就是强调句,否则就不是。 It is there that accidents often happen . →Accidents often happen there .

三、not· · ·until· · ·句型的强调句 强调句式为:It is/was not until +被强调部分+that+其他部分 He didn`t go to bed until ten o`clock . →It was not until ten o` clock that he went to bed . I didn`t realize she was a famous film star until she took off her dark glasses . →It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was o famous film star .

四、常见强调句型辨析 (1) 强调句型与 It is/was+时间+when 从句 在上述句型中 it 指时间,when 引导的是时间状语从句。注意两种句型“时间”表达方式的 不同。 It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday . It was midnight when I got back home yesterday . 第一句是强调句型,被强调的是时间状语,因此用介词短语表达。第二句是一般句型,时间 以名词的方式表达,用来做表语。 (2) 强调句型与 It is+时间+since 从句
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
It is· · ·since· · ·表示“自从· · ·以来已有· · · (时间) ” 。注意两个句型中时态一般不同。 It was two years ago that I began to learn English . It was two years since I began to learn English . 第一句是强调句型,强调的是过去的事情,用一般过去时。第二句表示“从过去到现在已有 多长时间” ,用一般现在时。但强调句型同样可以用一般现在时。 (3) 强调句型与 It was not long· · ·before· · · 上述句型有以下几个句式: It wasn`t long before· · · It won`t be long before · · · It was (not) two years/days before· · · 不久以后就· · · 不久就会· · · 两年/两天后(不到两年/两天)就· · ·

It will(not) be two years /days before· · · 两年/两天后才会· · · (用不了两年/两天就回· · · ) It was two years later that he came back from abroad . It was two years before he came back from abroad . 第一句是强调句型,同样表示“他两年以后回国” ,强调句型中用状语的表达方式。

主谓一致

一、指导原则:语法一致原则、意义一致原则和就近原则 (1)语法一致 Few students are really lazy . Each boy has his own book . (2)意义一致 Fifteen miles seems like a long walk to me . (3)就近原则 一般在 either?or?,neither?nor?,not only?but also?,there be 句型中使用就近原则。 Only one out of five were present . No one except his own supporters agree with him . Every girl comes an time . Either answer is correct .

二、以-S 结尾的名词作主语的主谓一致问题
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
(1)以-S 结尾的疾病名称和游戏名称 疾病:①复数:arthritis, bronchitis, rickets, mumps, diabetes 等 ②单/复:measles, rickets 等 游戏:①单数:darts, marbles 等 ②复数:cards 等 (2)以-ics 结尾的学科名称 表示学科名称,谓语动词用单数;表示“学科”以外的其他意义,谓语动词用复数。 这类词有:physics, mathematics, politics, economics, linguistics 等 (3)以-S 结尾的地理名称 表示国名,谓语动词用单数;表示群岛、山脉、海峡、瀑布等地理名称,谓语动词用复数。 (4)其他以-S 结尾的名词 ①若 scissors, pincers, glasses, shorts, trousers, suspenders 等词之前没有“一把” 、 “一副” 、 “一 条”等单位词,谓语动词通常用复数;若有单位词则由其决定谓语动词的单复形式。 One pair of scissors isn`t enough . Tow pairs of pilers , one large and one small , are missing from my tool box . ②谓语动词通常用复数:archives, arms, clothes, contents, eaves, fireworks, goods, minutes, morals, remains, stairs.suburbs, thanks, wages 等。 谓语动词单复均可:whereabouts, dramatics 等。 ③由-ings 结尾的名词,谓语动词通常用复数。如:earnings, surroundings, sweepings 等。 例外:tidings 既可作单数,也能做复数。 ④表示时间、金钱、距离、体积、小数等的名词词组作主语时,谓语动词常用单数。 ⑤事件、机构名称、书及其他作品的名称用作主语时,尽管有时以复数形式出现,谓语动词 仍用单数。 (5)通常作复数的集体名词,随后的谓语动词用复数。如:police, people, militia, poultry, vermin 等。 (6) 通常作不可数名词的集体名词, 随后的谓语动词用单数。 如: foliage, equipment, furniture, machinery, merchandise 等。 (7)既可作单数也可作复数的集体名词,若表示一个整体时,谓语动词用单数;表示集体 的成员时,谓语动词用复数。 (8)a committee of/a panel of/a (the) board of 等+复数名词,随后谓语动词通常用单数。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料

三、以并列结构作主语的主谓一致问题 (1)由 and/both?and?连接的并列主语 ①由 and/both?and?连接的并列结构作主语,意义为复数,谓语动词用复数;如果主语的 并列不是指两个或两个以上的人或物,而是表示单数意义,则动词用单数。 ②在一些带连词 and 的省略结构形似单数,而意义为复数,随后的动词要用复数。 ③当 and 连接的并列名词词组带有 each , every , many a,more than one 等限定词时,随后的 动词通常用单数。 (2)由 or/nor/either?or 等连接的并列主语 “就近原则” :or , nor , either?or,neither?nor , not only?but also (3)主语+as much as 等 “就前原则” :as much as , rather than , more than , no less than (4)主语+as well as 等 “就前原则” :结构的句子中,主谓一致不受修饰语或“as well as 等+名词”结构中名词的 数影响。此外,主语后若跟有 accompanied by/along with/as much as/besides/except(but) /in addition to/including/instead of/no less than/not to mention/in company with/like /more than/rather than/(together)with 等+名词的结构,也不影响谓语动词的数。

四、以表示数量概念的名次词组作主语的主谓一致问题 (1)以表示确定数量的名次词组作主语 ①数量概念表示整体,动词用单数;表示组成整体的个体时,动词用复数。 ②主语的名词词组由“分数(或百分数)+of-词组”+ n ,动词形式依据名词类别而定。 ③两数减、除,动词用单数;加、乘,动词用复数。 ④主语由“one of / one out of+复数名词”构成,正是预提,动词用单数;非正式语体,动词 用复数。 (2 以表示非确定数量的名词词组作主语 ①主语由 all of?, some of?, none of?, most of?,动词形式依 of-词组中的名词类别而定。 ②主语由 lots of, heaps of, loads of, scads of, plenty of+名词表示“许许多多”时,随后动词的 单、复形式由 of-词组中的名词类别而定。
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湖北省高考英语第一轮复习材料
③主语由 a portion of, a serious of, a pile of, a panel of+名词,动词通常用单数。 ④主语由“many a +名词”或“more than one+名词” ,动词用单数。 ⑤主语由 “an average of / a majority of+复数名词” 构成, 明确表示多数个体时, 动词用复数; 不表示多数个体概念,动词用单数。

五、其他方面的主谓一致问题 (1) 以名词性分句做主语的主谓一致问题 ①由 what , who , why , how , whether 等 wh-词引导的名词性分句做主语,动词通常用单数。 ②在以 what-分句作主语的 SVC 结构中,如果补语是复数,主句的谓语动词可用复数。 (2)以非限定分句作主语的主谓一致问题 ①以非限定分句(主要是不定式分句和-ing 分词分句)作主语,随后动词通常用单数。 ②若由 and 连接的并列非限定分句作主语,指两件事动词用复数;指一件事动词用单数。 (3)关系分句(定语从句)中的主谓一致问题 “one of +复数名词+关系分句” ,关系分句动词用复数形式。若在这类词之前有 the 或者 the only 等限定词和强调词时,动词用单数。 (4)分裂句(强调句)中的主谓一致问题 “It is I /me +who-/that-分句” 在 It is I+who-分句中,who-分句动词现在时在人称和数上的形式应该与 I 保持一致。 (5)存在句中的主谓一致问题 实义主语为复数,动词用复数;反之,用单数。在并列结构中,只要第一个并列主语不是复 数,谓语动词便可用单数。

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