介绍地理位置的说明文，它的写作顺序建议如下: 地面气城著(地名) 应介绍这个地方的地（地理位置）.面（面积，人口） ，气（气候状况） ，城（两个著名 城市） ，著（与众不同之处） 写说明文,时态以现在时为主，人称以第三人称为主。 地点表达的常用句型要记好。如： 1.地点状语+,+主句 /(历史) (分词结构做状语） ? Located i
n…, ×××is a city…with a history of… ? ...lies near\behind\in front of\by the side of...\between\among... ? With sp. on/to the east/west/north\ …borders … to the south\ west\east\south e.g. China, located/ lying in the east of Asia, is one of largest countries in the world, with/bordering Japan to the east and Russia on the north. 2.面积+人口 （with 结构做定语） …covers/takes up a total area of …with a population of …. … is a city with a population of… e.g. (1) Beijing, the capital of China, is a large city with a population of over 12,000,000. (2) Our school, which takes up 63 thousand square kilometers, is very large in size. 3.气候特征（注意表示天气变化的形容词） ? It is warm all the seasons (warm, dry, cold，sunny, rainy…)四季温暖。 ? it's like spring all the year round. 四季如春。 ? People in sp. can enjoy typical tropical cimate(典型的热带气候), which is so pleasan that every year, many tourists come here to enjoy the beautiful scenery, among which…is the most popular. ? The average temperature ranges between 23℃ and 39℃. ? 5.著名特殊之处 ? The special character of × × is attracting more and more tourists from all over the × world. e.g. Guangzhou is rich in traveling resources, such as the famous “eight scenery of YangCheng”. 常见描写地点的篇章模板 a) Located in…, ×××is a city (place, province…) with a history of… b) × × in the southwest of ... × lies c) It covers/has a total area of 7,686,850 square kilometers with a population of 2.8million d) It is warm (dry, cold,sunny,rainy...) e) Because× × is famous for/ is well known for …, the tourists from all over the × world come to enjoy its scenery f) The special character of × × is attracting more and more tourists from all over the × world. g) It has many world-famous places of interest, such as... and....
1.介绍地理位置（Location） be located in…/be situated in…/lie in… 坐落于……脚下/顶部 …stands at the foot of/ on the top of… stretches itself lazily along 沿着…悠闲地伸展开来 eg：Rio, Brazil's second largest city, stretches itself lazily along the coast of the Atlantic ocean。 Fujiang Province lies in the southeast of China.福建省位于中国的东南部。 South of the school lies/runs a railway.学校的南边有一条铁路。 On the top of the mountain lies a temple. 山顶有一座庙。 The teaching building is located at the back of the school.教学楼坐落于校园的后面。 上海建在中国东海岸一组岛屿上,在这，数条河流注入海洋。 Shanghai is built on a group of islands on the east coast of China at a point where several rivers flow into the ocean.
? to the east/west/south/north of ,opposite ,around/ across, in front of ,behind 1.There is a man-made pond in front of___ the main building. 2.To the north of_ the main building, there is a meeting hall. 3.Opposite___ the meeting hall is the library. 4.There is a lawn behind the main building. 5. Trees are planted __around the lawn. 6. Also behind the main building, __across___ the lawn, there is a tall laboratory building. 2.介绍人口（Population） …has a population of…, （a city） with a population of… ? eighty percent of the population … are … ? The population of …has grown to… Eg： Beijing, the capital of China, is a large city with a population of over 12,000,000. 北京是中国的首都，是一个有 1200 多万人口的大城市。 3.面积 has/covers an area of…square kilometers （a city） with an area of…square kilometers
take up,/the size of our city is … Eg：Our school , which takes up 63 thousand square kilometers, is very large in size. 周边环境)1) stands, 2) surrounded by, 3) faces… 4）with…on its east/west/left/right 5))at the back of 在……的后面 6)in front of 在……的前面 7)in the north of 在……的北部(内部) 8)on the south of 在……的南方(接壤) 9)to the east of 在……的东面(相离) Eg：1. West of the city stands a tall building. ? 2. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, the small village faces a clear river on the east. 4.历史 …has a long history (of …years) with a long history (of …years) … has witnessed too much coming and going in history Eg：1. Egypt is an Arabian country with a long history. ? 2. Built in the16th century, the castle has witnessed too much coming and going in history 它是一个具有悠久历史的现代化城市。It is a modern city with a long history. The city has/possesses/owns a history of more than 1000 years.这个城市有 1000 多年历 史。 The city with a history of more than 1000 years is our pride.这座有 1000 多年历史的城 市是我们的骄傲。 The book covers a long period of more than 1000 years from 1000 to 2006.这本书涉及 了从 1000 年到 2006 年的 1000 多年的历史。 5.交通 交通便利…has convenient transportation （a city） with convenient transportation both on land and water 坐汽车、火车、飞机到…take a bus, a train or a plane to/go to …by bus/train/plane 6.经济 经济迅速发展 …economy has been developing rapidly 多次进入全国经济十强城市 …has been listed among the top ten strongest cities in economy several times 7.名胜古迹（places of interest/ historical spots） The places around our city are rich in travelling/natural resources.
2)The city, known as…, attracts millions of visitors from all over the world. 3)The city is well-known / famous for its…/as… 5) … is a must-see for tourists, as… 承德是全国 24 个历史文化名城之一，也是 44 个风景名胜之一。 Chengde City is not only one of the well-known 24 historical and cultural cities but also one of the 44 major scenic spots in China. 8.气候特征 1. There is a variety of climate ( warm, dry, humid, cold, sunny, stomy, rainy…) 2. The average temperature of Hong Kong is about 220C . The rainy season is between May and July. 9. ……发生了很大变化 great changes have taken place… 特色鲜明的地方文化 distinct local culture 海岸线总长……公里 Its coastline has a total length of …kilometers. This region is the home of many species of wild flower.这一地区是多种野花的家园。 The land flowing with milk and honey is no longer there.曾经的“鱼米之乡”不复存在。 The Rockies are home to some bears.落基山脉中有熊生长。 The countryside in the north is hospitable to such fruits.北方的乡下适宜这些水果的生 长。 This area enjoys the reputation of a land with milk and honey.这个地方有“鱼米之乡” 的美誉。 表示变化的句子有： 1. In the past, there used to be…, but now… 2. With time passing by,/going on As time went on/goes on 3.With the development of agriculture and industry,… 4. Green grass and trees can be seen everywhere now. 5. Those small and low houses have been replaced by tall buildings. 6. Great changes have taken place in my village in the past ten years. 7. What great changes we have! 8. The villagers are really satisfied with their lives now. 表示对比的短语/句子:while, but, however on the contrary/in contrast, on the one hand, on the other hand used to do ( there used to be…) no longer…--- not any longer
1 过去父母们主要通过写信彼此联系, 但是现在我们可以在家打长途电话。 In the past my parents contacted others mainly by sending letters, but now we call long distance at home.
2.过去我们甚至在周末还要上课。 We used to have to attend classes even at weekends 3.现在我不再熬夜，大约 10 点睡觉。 I no longer stay up late, on the contrary, I go to bed at 10 pm. ? change, improve, become, turn into 1.In a word, things have begun to improve since last year. 2.In short, changes in the past 20 years have brought us comfort and convenience. 3.By 2008, Beijing will have become a beautiful, modern and international city. 4.The old houses in the central part of the city will be turned into new shopping centers. 10.something special 特色 1）(The place) is famous for…../ The special character of ( the place) is …. 2)You can go on the city tours to enjoy the sights, taste the local food, explore the lively nightlife and learn about its history and culture. 3) Wherever you go, there are plenty of activities to choose from 11.词汇： 1.地理 geography 2.古迹 historical spot 7.方言 dialect ___ 9.城市的，城镇的_ urban 10.当地的，地方的__ local 11.本土的，本国的 native 12.矿藏，矿物质 mineral_ 13.太平洋_Pacific Ocean 14.大西洋_Atlantic Ocean_ 15.东南方的_southeastern_ 16.西北方的 northwestern 1.城市规划 urban planning 2.城镇人口 urban population 3.追溯到 date back to 4.以??为背景 be set in 5.独有的特色 unique features 1.南极洲世界上最寒冷的地方，常年有冰雪覆盖 Antarctica, which is covered with cold thick ice and deep snow all (the) year round, is the coldest continent in the world.
Antarctica, the coldest continent in the world, is covered with cold thick ice and deep snow all year round. 2.我的家乡位于中国广东，毗邻香港 My hometown，neighboring Hong Kong，is located in Guangdong Province of China. 3. 广州，别名花城，地处珠江三角洲(the Peal River Delta)北部，临近港澳。 The city of Guangzhou, nicknamed as Flower City, is located in the north of the Peal River Delta, close to Hongkong and Macao 4.广州是广东省的政治经济文化中心. Guangzhou is the political, economic and cultural centre of Guangdong Province. 5.各地气候差异很大 The climate differs sharply from one area to another.
6.澳大利亚拥有极为丰富的矿产资源，且铁矿储量居世界第二。 Australia has pretty rich mineral resources, and its iron resource ranks 2nd in the world.
1.西山镇依山傍水。过去，这里的人们生活极其贫困。解放后人们的生活在各方面都 发生了很大的变化。 人口 约 10 万
约 126 平方公里
教育状 况 生活状 况
解放前只有一所学校且只有富家子弟可以上学，现在有 10 所学校，每个 孩子都可以上学； 人们工作之余，可以逛商店、看电影、跳舞、参加体育活动等
Xishan town is a small town, which is located at the foot of a mountain of North Guangdong province and in front of it flows a big river. It has a population of about 100,000 and covers an area of about 126 square kilometers. Before liberation, people there lived a hard life but great changes have taken place since liberation and now many factories, shops, hospitals and schools have been built/set up. The school education
has also improved, for example , before liberation there was only one school for children from wealthy families, but now there are 10 schools and every child can go to school. After work, people go shopping, see films, go dancing and have sports .
2.汕尾市位于广东省东部，是一个有很长历史的沿海城市。总面积 5271 平方千米，总人口 359.23 万人。东临汕头，西接惠州市、深圳、东莞市、广州市，素有“粤东桥梁”之称。汕尾自然资源 如矿产、森林、农产品等非常丰富，气候宜人，冬不寒冷，夏不酷热。汕尾市著名的旅游胜地如 凤山祖庙 Fengshan Temple 旅游景区红海湾旅游景区等，每年都吸引大量游客。 Located in the east of Guangdong province, Shanwei is a coastal city with a long history. It covers a total area of 5271 square kilometers with a population of about 240 thousand. With Shantou on its east and Huizhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou on its west , Shanwei is also called the “bridge of eastern Guangdong”. The climate here is pleasant, neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter and it is rich in natural resources, such as mine, forest, farm produce and so on. There are many famous places of interest, among which is the
Fengshan Temple, Red Bay whose scenery is very beautiful, attracts lots of tourists from different places every year. 3.澳大利亚位于最小的大洲—大洋洲,是世界第六大国家。它是一个干旱气候为主的国家，只有少 部分沿海地区有充足的雨量。它由六个州组成，其中墨尔本和悉尼是最大的两个城市。它以明媚 的阳光，数不清的牛羊和奇特的野生动植物而著名，世界各地的游客来到这里体验它独特的美景。 总面积：7，686，850km2 人口：约：2，000 万 Located in the smallest continent—Oceania, Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It covers a total area of7,686,850square kilometers with a population of about 20 million. It is a mainly dry country and only a few coastal areas have plenty of rainfall. What’s more , It is made up of 6 states, in which Melbourne and Sydney are the largest cities. Because it is famous for its bright sunshine, countless sheep and cattle and its unique wildlife, the tourists from all over the world come to enjoy its scenery. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
中国位于亚洲大陆的东部、太平洋西岸，陆地面积约 960 万平方公里。 从南到北，从东到西，距离都在 5000 公里以上。 大陆海岸线长约 1.8 万公里。 风景名胜区的资源是以自然资源为主的、独特的、不可替代的景观资源。 经过几亿年大自然的鬼斧神工，形成了许多自然遗产，而且世代不断增值。 许多地方被评为世界文化遗产并得到合理的开发和保护。
China lies in the east of the Asian Land and on the west bank of the Pacific Ocean ,with an area of about 960 square kilometers. It is more than 5000 kilometers in distance both from north to south and from west to east while the coastal line covers as long as 18 thousand kilometers. The resources in the places of interest are mainly natural-born, some of which are unique and irreplaceable landscapes. After thousands and thousands of years of magic work by nature，many natural heritages have come into being and have become more valuable with time. And besides, many places of interest have been entitled the world cultural heritages and fortunately some of them have been well developed and properly preserved 5.介绍广东 假如你是一名导游, 你将带领一个外国旅游团游览广东省。请用英语写一个发言稿，简介广东。 1. 广东省位于中国大陆最南部,南临南海，海岸线总长 3368 公里，岛屿众多。 2. 广东省历史悠久，简称粤。 3. 广东素有水果王国之称, 香蕉、甘蔗、荔枝、菠萝是其中的四大名果。 4. 广东是华南工业发达之省，水陆交通便利，海运发达 5. 其中，经济特区有深圳、珠海、汕头等。 6. 广东省有“食在广东”的美称。. 参考词汇： 海岸线 coastline； 甘蔗 sugar cane；荔枝 lychee； 菠萝 pineapple 经济特区 special economic zones
Ladies and Gentlemen, Welcome to Guangdong Province. I’m Wang Qian. And I’m more than glad to be your guide. Guangdong Province, also called Yue for short, has a long history and is known for the saying, “Don’t hesitate to have meals here.” Located by the South Sea in the southeast part of mainland China, it has quite a few islands off its coastline, which has a total length of 3,368 kilometres. Known as a fruit king, Guangdong Province is famous for its high-quality bananas, sugar cane, lychees and pineapples. It is also one of the most developed industrial provinces in South China, with convenient transportation both on land and water. It has several special economic zones such as Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and so on. Finally, I sincerely hope every one of you will enjoy yourself here. 6.请根据下列表格中所提供的信息，写一篇短文介绍意大利港口城市---威尼斯的基本情况。 位置 意大利东北部, 港口城市。
人口 历史 著名旅游景点 特色
将近 7 万人。 有七百多年历史，最初由一群难民在一座小岛上定居。 大运河，总督府，叹息桥等。 四面环海，拥有“水城”的美称。
参考的词汇：总督府：Governor House; 叹息桥: Sign Bridge; Venice, located in the northeast of Italy, is the main port city of Italy. It has a population of nearly 70,000. The history of the city goes back over 700 years when a group of refugees settled on a small island earliest. Venice has many famous tourist attractions, such as Grand Canal, Governor House, and Sign Bridge and so on. The city is surrounded by sea so it is called “the city on water”.
7.请写 100 个词左右的短文，介绍你的祖国---中国 要点如下： ? 中国具有悠久的历史和文化 ? 地理位置、面积和人口情况 ? 美丽的山川。长江是世界上最长的河流之一，长城是 世界七大奇观之一 ? 人民勤劳勇敢。他们的勤奋和智慧在过去的二十年里 给中国带来了巨大的变化 My motherland---China is a great country with a long history and rich culture. It lies in the east of Asia, with an area of 9,600,000 square kilometers and a population of 1.3 billion. Beijing is her capital. There are many beautiful mountains and rivers, as well as rich nature resources in China. The Changjiang River, as we all know, is among the longest rivers in the world, and the
Great Wall is one of the seven wonders on the earth.The Chinese people are hard-working and brave people.Their hardwork and wisdom have brought great changes in China in the past 20 years 8.鸟巢是一个国家露天体育馆， 位于北京的北部。 拥有面积 258,000 平方千米， 能够容纳 90,000 人。 竣工时间：2003 年 12 月—2008 年 用途：奥运会期间可举办田径，足球比赛 奥运会后可用于举办各种大型活动 外观： 犹如树枝搭成的鸟巢 专家评价：奥运史上一个难以置信的标志性建筑物。 The Bird’s Nest, which lies in the north of Beijing, is a national stadium with an area of 258,000 square kilometers. It is able to hold more than 90 thousand people. Started in December 2003 and finished in 2008, it is used for track and field events and football matches during the Beijing Olympic Games. After that it can be used to hold all kinds of grand activities. Seen from the outside, it looks like a real nest made of branches, which explains where its name came from. No wonder experts regard it as an incredible symble for Olympic history.
Sample 1: I’d like to tell you something about our city. You’ve made the wise choice to travel here.Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, lies in the southeast of China with an area of 6587 square kilometers. It has a population of about 5 million. The city has a history of more than 2,400 years, and was once the capital of ten dynasties. **It is a very beautiful city with a lot of places of interest, such as the Xuanwu Lake, the Jiming Temple and the Stone City. It also has many modern factories and high buildings. **Besides, the nice weather and convenient transportation here can make your trip more enjoyable. I’m sure you will have a good time here. Thank you. Sample 2: Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province, which is located in the southeast of China, covers an area of 6,587 square kilometers with a population of about 5 million. The city has a long history of over 2,400 years, which was the capital city of ten dynasties in the history, like the Eastern Jin Dynasty and Ming Dynasty. ** It is so rich in places of interest, such as the Xuanwu Lake, the Jiming Temple and the Stone City that it attracts a large number of tourists from at home and abroad. Bisides, many modern factories and high buildings are seen everywhere. ** Most importantly, people can enjoy the pleasant climate all the year around and the convenient transportation available can make you enjoy the beautiful scenery in the city easily.
9.根据下面表格信息，写一篇介绍西藏的用短文，字数在 120 左右。 归属 中华人民共和国 地理位置 中国西南方，被誉为世界屋脊(Roof of the World) 人口 面积 约 2，800，000 120 多万平方公里
拉萨 (Lhasa)，被誉为世界上最高的城市 700 多年的悠久历史； 风景秀丽， 有很多享誉海内外的名胜古迹， 如布达拉宫(the Potala Palace)。 发展 1951 年 5 月 23 日解放以来，西藏在政治、经济(economy)、文化 等方面都取得了很大的进步。 Tibet, known as the “Roof of the World”, belongs to the People’s Republic of China and it is located in the southwest of China. It has a population of about 2.8 million, covering more than 1.2 million square kilometers. The capital city is Lhasa, which is honoured as “The highest city” in the world. With a long history of more than 700 years, Tibet has a number of world-famous places of interest, such as the Potala Palace. Since The liberation of Tibet on May 23, 1951, it has witnessed significant progress in politics, economy and culture. 10.介绍广州 1. 广州位于广东省的中部，屹立在珠江边上屹立在珠江边上屹立在珠江边上屹立在珠 江边上，毗邻港澳。如此地理优势让广州获得中国南大门的美誉。 2. 广州历史悠久，很多古迹如：镇海楼，中山纪念堂和南越王墓等都见证了州 2000 多年的历史。 3. 如今广州依然保存着它的传统，同时也加入了很多现代的元素,从上下九路和北京 路，你总能找到值得带回家的东西 4. 粤菜是中国八大菜系之一，来到广州一定要试试，这里有你听都没听过的材料与味 道 . 5. 广州的交通非常方便，这里有飞机，船,火车和汽车通往全国乃至全世界各地 Guangzhou, the South Gate of China, is a prosperous city on the Pearl River. Guangzhou is located in the middle south of Guangdong Province, close to the South China Sea, Hong Kong, and Macau. Rich in history, Guangzhou is home to many cultural relics: the Western Han Nanyue King's Tomb Museum, the Zhenhai Tower and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall all tell us the 2,000-year history of Guangzhou. Today, Guangzhou retains its ancient customs, but is also a large city full of vigor and current fashions. You can find something worth taking home in Shangxia Jiu Lu, Beijing Lu and Di Shi Fu Lu. Trying Yue Cai (Cantonese Cuisine), one of eight Chinese famous cuisines, is definitely a must in Guangzhou! Eat delicious food with ingredients you have never heard of. Transportation in Guangzhou is more and more convenient. With plane, train, ship or bus to choose, you can reach any corner of the world from here.
1. Bristol is a truly beautiful,interesting and fascinating city.Beautiful parks and gardens leak onto interesting lanes and footpaths,while houses and buildings of old times stand magnificently on the hills of the city.
But Bristol is much more than this;it is a modern city where the latest works in contemporary arts can be found and where the night-life is interesting and varied. Bristol is surrounded by beautiful countryside,rolling hills,and top class holiday resorts.Some of the country’s most fascinating tourist attractions-castles and palaces-are only a short drive away. Bristol has always envouraged the tourist industry and welcomed tourist from all parts of the world.There is a superb choice of acommodation available and the city is proud of its many restaurants and cafes. 布里斯托尔的确是一座非常美丽、有趣和迷人的城市。美丽的公园和花园 里到处 是趣味盎然的路径，旧时代的房屋和建筑昂然挺立在城市的山坡上。然而，布里斯托 尔并非仅仅如此；那还是座现代化的城市，有当代艺术的最新作品，也有 有趣和丰富 多样的夜生活。布里斯托尔的四周有美丽的乡村，起伏不断的山地，以及一流的度假 胜地。从这里出发到一些全国最迷人的旅游景点，如城堡和宫殿，只 有短短的一段车 程。布里斯托尔一向重视旅游业，欢迎来自世界各地的游客。当地有一流的住宿可供 选择，还有其引以为豪的众多餐馆和咖啡馆。 2. 上海既是一座历史文化名城，也是当今中国最为繁荣的经济中心之一，成为 人们向往的观光胜地。上海为旅游者在各方面提供了良好的基础设施。在上海旅游， 不仅 方便愉快，而且安全舒适。上海要长久吸引旅游者，就应该切实做好各项旅游服 务工作， 让游客获得宾至如归的服务。 我们希望而且相信， 上海会使每一位旅游者流 连 忘返，“乐不思蜀”，给每一位旅游者留下了美好的回忆。 Shanghai,a famous historical and cultural city,and one of the most prosperous economic centers in China,has become a famous scenic spot that people look forward to visiting. Shanghai provides tourists with a good infrastructure in every aspect.Touring in Shanghai is not only convenient and pleasant,but also safe and comfortable. To maintain a lasting charm for tourists,Shanghai should earnestly do a good job in all kinds of tourist services to make them feel at home. We hope and believe that Shanghai will make every tourist stay a longer time and become too delighted to be homesick.A nice memory of the city will linger in the heart of every tourist. 3. 阳朔是个小镇， 人口不足三万。 它极富盛名， 每年有成千上万的游客趋之若骛， 从世界各地涌来。1998 年美国前总统比尔.克林顿来到这里，面对美不胜收的景 致，
不忍匆匆离去，以致推迟其香港之行。阳朔最吸引人的地方就是板石街，又名“西洋 街”。该街总长一千米，有一千四百一十年历史。街道两旁有数百家商店， 主要出售 外国人喜欢的仿古制品和纪念品。徜徉小街，游人会惊喜地发现在这里东西方文明是 如此的水乳交融。 Yangshuo is a small country of less than 30,000 people.Nevertheless,it is so famous that it woos thousands of tourists worldwide all the year round. In 1998,former US president Bill Clinton came here and delayed his trip to Hong Kong because he was reluctant to leave such a lovely place too soon. The most tempting place in Yanghuo is the Slabstone Street,which has gained a new name as “The Western Street”.The street,with a total length of 1,000 meters,spans a history of 1,410 years. On both sides of the street are a few hundred shops,selling mainly souvenirs and antiques to (cater for) the foreigners’ tastes.Strolling on the street,tourists will be amazed to find that Eastern and Western culture blend so well here.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。