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语法复习-英语-连词与状语从句


中考冲刺---英语
模块二: 语法复习

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语法复习:连词与状语从句
一、考点测试
(C ) 1. He can speak English ______ Chinese. A. but B. also C. and D. or ( B ) 2

. The little boy is very young, ________ he knows a lot. A. so B. but C. though D. if ( D) 3. Be careful, ______ you’ll miss the right answer. A. so B. and C. but D. or (A ) 4. ______ it was late, we were still working. A. Though B. As C. Because D. But ( B ) 5. He was ill. ______, he decided to go there with us. A. But B. However C. So D. Besides ( A ) 6. She is ______ kind ______ beautiful. We all like her very much. A. both, and B. either, or C. neither, nor D. as, so (D ) 7. Mary caught a bad cold last night, ______ she had to stay at home. A. because B. but C. or D. so ( C) 8. Though he is very old, _______ he can still sing and dance. A. but B. and C. / D. or ( B ) 9. He missed the train this morning _______ he got up late. A. so B. because C. if D. but
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
( A ) 10. Sam was reading a newspaper ________ his brother fell on the ground. A. when B. while C. after D. before ( D ) 11. _____ Lily ______ Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home. A. Not only, but also B. Neither, nor C. Both, and D. Either, or (A ) 12. Jim will visit the Great Wall _____ it doesn’t rain this afternoon. A. if B. as soon as C. when D. before ( C ) 13. It’s ______ dark in the room _______ we can’t see anything. A. such, that B. too, to C. so, that D. not, until ( A ) 14. Tim asks me if I ______ the meeting. He says if I _____ the meeting, telephone him right now. A. will attend, attend B. will attend, will attend C. attend, will attend D. attend, attend ( B ) 15. He didn’t tell me anything _______ he left. A. while B. before C. after D. since

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语法复习:连词与状语从句
二、考点精讲精练
考点1:并列连词 (1). 平行关系:and (和,肯定), or (和,否定), both…and…(两者都, 后动词复 数), as well as (也,而且) either…or…(要么…要么…/或者…或者…), neither…nor…(既不…也不…), not only…but also… (不但…而且), not…but…(不是…而是…), 如: He has a son and a daughter.他有一个儿子和一个女儿。 I don’t want to go to Guilin or Hainan.我不想去桂林和海南。 Both he and I are good students.他和我都是好学生。 Bob is a doctor as well as a teacher. Bob 是一位医生,也是一位老师。 Either you or I am going to hold the meeting. 要么是你要么是我将要主持 这个会议。 Neither the students nor the teacher is happy to hear the news.听到这消 息,学生既不高兴,老师也不高兴。 Not only my parents but also my grandmother likes watching TV.不但我父 母,而且我奶奶都喜欢看电视。 Not you but I am wrong.不是你错了,而是我错了。 There are two pens and an eraser in my school bag.在我书包盒里有两 枝钢笔和一只橡皮
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
(2). 转折关系:though / although (虽然), even if / even though (即使), but (但是), yet (然而), while (而), however (然而,前后都有标点符号), or (否则) 。 如: Though / Although he is tired, he goes on with his work. 虽然他累了,但是他 继续工作。 Even if (though) I am not willing to work for you, I have no other choices. 即使我不愿意为你工作,我也没有别的选择。 I am not clever, but I made great progress by working hard.虽然我不聪明,但我 通过努力己取得很大进步。 You promised, yet you have done nothing. 你答应了,然而你什么也没做。 My father is an engineer while my mother is a nurse. 我爸是工程师,而我妈是 护士。 Rose studied harder than before. However, she couldn’t pass all the exams. Rose 比以前学习更勤奋,然而她还是不能通过所有的考试。 I must be going now, or I’ll be late. 我现在得走了,否则我要迟到了。 注意:though / although 不能与but, however连用,只能用其中的一个,但可 以与yet, still 连用。 Though he is young, but he is very experienced (错).→Though he is young, (yet) he is very experienced. 或者He is young, but he is very experienced. 虽然他很 年轻,但是他经验丰富。
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
(3). 因果关系:because, for, since, as (因为); so (所以) 。如: He didn’t go to school today because he had a bad cold. 他今天不上 学因为他得了重感冒。 My bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. 我的自行车 今早坏了,所以我上学迟到了。 注意:because, for, since, as和so不能连用,只能用其中的一个。如: Because my bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. ( 错) → Because my bike was broken this morning, I was late for school.或上 面加下划线例句。 考点2:从属连词 (1). when和while:两者都表示当…时候。when后接句子动词可以是持续性的 也可以是短暂性的,一般后接句子时态为一般时。while后接句子动词一般是 持续性的,一般连接的时态为进行时。如: It was snowing when we got to the airport. 当我们到达机场时,天下着 雪。 My father was reading newspaper while my mother was cooking. 我爸 在读报纸时,我妈正在做饭。
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
(2). so that, so… that, such…that与too…to so that 为了,以便于, so…that… 如此。。以至于。。。, such …that … 如此。。以至于。。。, too…to..太。。而不能做。。。 Tom was too tired to do his homework. (划线部分为短语,用too…to 结构)。 Tom太累而不能做作业。 The teacher spoke loudly so that we could hear him clearly. (划线部分为句 子,且表示老师说话大声的目的,故用so that 结构)。老师说话大声目的是我 们能听清他的话。 He studies so hard that he always does well in his lessons. (划线部分为句 子, that前hard为副词,故用so… that 结构)。他学习如此努力,以致他各科 都擅长。 Mary has so much money that she can buy anything she likes. (划线部分 为句子, that前money为名词,但money前有much修饰,故用so… that 结 构)。Mary有如此多的钱,以致她能买她喜欢的任何东西。 She was such a kind girl that she gave all her money to the poor. (划线部 分为句子, that前a kind girl为名词,而且没有many, much, little或few修饰, 故用such… that 结构) (3). 所谓“主将从现”的连词
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
if (如果), as soon as (一…就…), until (直到…才…), when (当…时), before (在…之前), after (在...之后), unless (除非)等词连接的时间,条件状语从句时, 主句用将来时(有时候是祈使句),从句用一般现在时表将来时。如: We won’t go out(主句) if it is rainy tomorrow(从句).如果明天下雨,我们将 不会外出。 As soon as I arrive in Beijing(从句), I will give you a call(主句). 我一到北京, 就会给你电话。 She won’t go to bed until her mother comes back.直到她妈妈回来,她才 去睡觉。 When Tom gets to the classroom, please ask him to hand in his homework. 当Tom到教室时,请叫他上交作业。 I won’t write to you before you write to me. 在你写信给我前,我不会写信 给你的。 After he sends me the money, I will send him the book. 在他寄钱给我后, 我将会寄书给他。 I will leave the company unless it offers me more money. 除非公司给我加 工资,否则我就离开。
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语法复习:连词与状语从句
注意:when和if在宾语从句与条件状语从句时的时态问题。when和if在宾语从 句时,后接句该用什么时态就用什么时态(考试时一般为将来时);在条件状语 从句时,后接句用一般现在时表将来时。如: I don’t know when he will come(宾语从句,他还没来,用将来时). When he comes (条件状语从句), please ring me up at once.我不知道他什么时候来。当 他来时,请马上给我电话。 He wonders if he will go with her this afternoon (宾语从句,他还没去,用将来 时). If he goes with her(条件状语从句), he will tell her by himself.他不知道他 下午是否和她去。如果他和她去,他会亲自告诉她。

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