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2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义


Book 6 Unit 2 Poems
Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1. contradictory adj.引起矛盾的→contradict vt.反驳, 与??相矛盾→conflict n. &v. 冲突→friction n.冲突 2 . take_it_easy 不 紧 张 , 从 容 →take sth. seriously 严

肃 认 真 地 对

待??→take_your_time 别着急,慢慢来 3.run_out_of 用完→run out/be used up 被用完 4.be made_up_of 由??构成→consist of/be composed_of 由??构成/组成 5.minimum n.最少量→maximum n.最大量 6.eventually adv.最后,终于→finally/at last 最后,终于 7.exchange n.交换;交流;vt.&vi.调换;交换→exchange...for...用??交换?? 8.try_out 测试;试验→test out 试验 9.let_out 发出;放走→leave out 漏掉;省去;不考虑 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.salt n.盐→salty adj.含盐的;咸的 2.end n.结束,结尾→endless adj.无穷的,无止境的 3.library n.图书馆→librarian n.图书馆管理员 4.champion n.冠军→championship n.冠军称号 5.warm adj.温暖的→warmth n.暖和;温暖 6.piano n.钢琴→pianist n.钢琴家 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.I exchanged(交换) ideas with our sponsor(赞助商) and found a more appropriate(合 适的) way to solve this problem. 2 . The enemy is_made_up_of( 由??组成 ) less than 100 people and their food is running_out(用尽),so we can just wait for them to give up. 3.All our products will be tried_out(试验) first and if they prove to be satisfying, we will eventually(最终) send them to our branches(分店) in many cities. 4.The emotion(情感) he conveyed(表达) in his song is mixed,and you can feel his sorrow(悲伤) and eagerness. 5.He let_out(发出) a cry when his bare(赤裸的) foot got hurt in the darkness(黑 暗). Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) Eventually the librarian and pianist who had no diploma won the championship

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in the poem translation competition and got a scholarship.He can convey and exchange his sorrows and joys appropriately with others by writing poems. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.There are various reasons_why people write poetry. 人们写诗有着各种各样的理由。 2. With_so_many_different_forms_of_poetry_to_choose_from,_students may eventually want to write poems of their own.有这么多类型的诗歌供选择,学生们最后可能想自 己写诗歌了。 3 . Do you remember any poems you have read in high school ,

either_in_Chinese_or_in_English? 你还记得在高中时读过的一些汉语或英语诗歌吗?

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.If my car ________more reliable,I would have driven to Lhasa instead of flying last summer. (2012·陕西,17) A.was C.should be B.had been D.would be

2.We would have called a taxi yesterday if Harold________us a ride home. (2012·天津,15) A.didn’t offer C.hasn’t offered B.wouldn’t offer D.hadn’t offered

3.Food supplies in the flood?stricken area ________.We must act immediately before there’s (2012·重庆,27) A.have run out B.are running out C.have been run out D.are being run out 4.Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________ our school’s campaign “Help the Needy” , which was started by our former headmaster three years ago. (2012·湖北,21) none left.

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A.sponsor C.organize

B.launch D.plan

5.—Just a moment.I haven’t finished packing my suitcase. —________.It’s (2011·天津,2) A.Go ahead C.Hurry up B.Take it easy D.That’s fine high time we left for the airport.

1 convey 双语释义 v.表达,传递,传达(communicate);运送;输送(transport) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Words_cannot_convey_ how angry I am with her. 语言无法表达我对她有多么的生气。 ②Your luggage will_be_conveyed_from the airport to your hotel. 你的行李将从机场运到旅馆。 ③Please convey my best wishes to your family. 请向你的家人转达我最美好的祝愿。 (2)I was so excited at the news that I was admitted to the university that I could hardly________my feelings in words. A.convey C.transmit 归纳拓展 convey one’s feelings/meanings 表达某人的感情/意思 convey sth.to sb.向某人表达/传递某物 convey sb./sth.from...to...把某人/某物从??运送到?? 2 transform 双语释义 vt.&vi.转化;转换;改造;变换(change) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①A steam engine transforms_heat_into_energy(将热量变成能量). ②It is a surprise that the small town has_been_transformed_into a modern industrial center in recent ten years. B.carry D.communicate

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令人吃惊的是近十年间原来的那个小城镇已经变成了一个现代化的工业中心。 ③It was an event that would_transform_my_life. 那是将会改变我一生的一件事。 (2)The sea products are daily ________ from coastal areas to the inland by plane. A.transported C.transformed 归纳拓展 transform A into B 使 A 变成 B transform...from...把??从??中转变 transformation n.转化,转变;改造 transformer n.变压器 3 exchange 双语释义 n.交换;互换(giving and receiving);交流(communication);兑换;v. 调换;交换;交流(communicate);兑换(change) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①I shook hands and exchanged a few words with the manager. ②You can exchange your currency for_dollars in the hotel. ③Would you like my old TV in exchange for_ this camera? ④I’ll type your report if you’ll babysit in exchange. (2)I have offered to paint the house________a week’s accommodation. A.in exchange for C.by means of 归纳拓展 make an exchange 交换 作为 对??的 交换 exchange A for B 以 A 交换 B exchange sth.with sb.与某人交换某物 4 load 双语释义 n.负担(burden);负荷物(cargo);v.装载;装填(put...onto) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①She’s always trying to load me down with her problems. ②He is loading the goods into the back of the car. B.with regard to D.in place of B.transferred D.Transmitted

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③When her son was admitted to a key university,she felt a heavy load taken off her mind. ④They loaded themselves with food,medical supplies and oxygen equipment. (2)They________the trucks with boxes of food and sent the goods to the disaster areas. A.supplied C.loaded 归纳拓展 a load of/loads of 大量,许多 take a load off one’s mind 打消某人的顾虑 load sb./sth. with sth.用??装载?? load sb./sth. into/onto sth.把??装入 到 给??加以重负 load up 装载货物 于 5 run out of 双语释义 (人)用完了??(use up);从??中流出/跑出 学情诊断 (1)写出下列句子中 run out 的汉语意思 ①The water runs out at the other end of the pipe.流出 ②Our contract runs out at the end of the month.到期,期满 ③You’d better go home before your money runs out.被耗尽,被用完 ④I’ve run myself out.I can’t go any further.使跑得筋疲力尽 (2)Her money ________ out of and her patience is also ________ out. A.has run;running C.has run;run out 归纳拓展 run out 用完,耗尽;到期,期满;使跑得筋疲力尽 run across 偶然遇见 或看到 run after 追逐;追求 run away 逃走;离家出走 run into 陷入;偶遇;撞上;遇到 困难等 易错提示 (1)run out of“用完”,是及物动词词组,表示主动含义,主语一般是人;此外还表示 “从??流出/跑出”的意思,后面必须加宾语。 B.has been run;running D.has been run;run B.provided D.unloaded

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(2)run out“用完了”,是不及物动词词组,无被动形式,其主语通常为时间、金钱、食 物等名词。 6 take it easy 双语释义 轻松(relax);别紧张;从容(指心理上)(not to be worried) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Just take_it_easy and tell us what happened. 别急,告诉我们发生了什么事。 ②There’s no need to rush back—just take_your_time. 不要急着赶回来——慢慢来吧。 ③The doctor told me to take_things_easy and stop working too hard. 医生劝我放松一下,工作不要过于劳累。 (2)—I’m sorry I forgot to post the letter for you. —________.I’ll post it myself,then. A.That’s right C.Take it easy 归纳拓展 take things easy 别紧张,慢慢来;从容不迫地进行工作 take one’s chances 碰运气 take one’s time 不匆忙,别着急,慢慢来(有的是时间) take...for granted 认为??理所当然 take sth.seriously 认真对待某事 7 let out 双语释义 发出(give a cry);放走;放大/长/宽(衣物)(make...looser or larger); 说出秘密,泄密(give away) 学情诊断 用适当的介、副词填空 (1)I’m counting on you to support me—don’t let me down. (2)Close the door;you’re letting all the heat out. (3)The baby can’t even crawl yet,let alone walk! (4)I’m getting married next week,but please don’t let on to anyone. (5)Don’t let go of my hand or we’ll get separated! 归纳拓展 let down 使失望;放/降下 B.All the best D.It’s too bad

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let alone 更不用说 let on (to sb.)泄露(给某人) ? let sb./sth. go ? ?释放;松手;放开 ? let go of sb./sth.? 8 in particular 双语释义 尤其,特别(particularly);特殊的;专门的(special) 学情诊断 (1)同义词语替换 ①I like meat in general,and mutton in_particular.especially/particularly ②Is there anything in_particular you’d like for dinner?special (2)She has already tried her best.Please don’t be too________about her job. (2011·江西,33) A.special C.unusual 归纳拓展 nothing in particular 没什么特别的 be particular about/over 对??挑剔/讲究 B.responsible D.particular

1 There are various reasons why people write poetry. 人们写诗有着各种各样的理由。 句型公式:reason +定语从句 学情诊断 (1)The reason why_he_was_sleepy in class was that he stayed up last night. 他上课困倦的原因是他昨天晚上熬夜了。 (2)单项填空 ①The reason________I can’t come is that I have to prepare for the coming exam. A.for C.because B.as D.why

②Is this the reason________at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A.he explained B.what he explained C.how he explained D.why he explained 归纳拓展
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(1)reason 当先行词时,如果定语从句中不缺主语、宾 语或表语,一般用 why 或 for which 引导定语从句。 (2)reason 当先行词时,如果定语从句中缺主语、宾语 或表语,一般用 that/which 引导定语从句。 2 Should the traveller return,this stone would utter speech.行人归来石应语。 句型公式:虚拟条件句中省掉if再倒装 学情诊断 (1)用倒装结构完成句子 ①Had_he_studied_harder,_he would have got the diploma. 如果他学习更刻苦一些, 他就能拿到证书了。 ②Were_I_to_see/Should_I_see Yao Ming tomorrow in the flesh, I would ask him for signature. 如果明天我见到姚明本人,我就请他签名。 (2)单项填空 ①Had you listened to the doctor, you________all right now. A.are C.would be B.were D.would have been

②________your advice,I would have had no trouble with my papers. A.Had I followed B.If I followed C.If I have followed D.Once I followed 归纳拓展 在含有 were, should, had 的虚拟条件句中,可以省去 if, 并使用倒装语序,将 were, should, had 提到主语之前。 3 单元语法:虚拟语气 2 学情诊断 用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)If you had come here earlier,the work would_have_been_done(do) yesterday. (2)My suggestion is that we (should)_go (go) there at once. (3)What do you think of his proposal that we (should)_put (put) on a play at the English evening? (4)He didn’t_come(not,come) yesterday,otherwise you would have seen him. (5)If you had_worked(work) hard then,you would be in the university now.

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Ⅴ.微语法(27)——倍数的表达法 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1 .Peter’s jacket looked just the same as Jack’s, but it cost ________ his. (2009·辽宁,33) A.as much twice as C.much as twice as B.twice as much as D.as twice much as

2.My uncle’s house in the downtown area is much smaller than ours,but it is twice ________ expensive. A.as B.so C.too D.very

3.Mum likes this old house in downtown better than the huge one in the country, but it costs almost ______. A.twice as much C.twice so much B.twice as many D.twice so many

4.You’d better go there by train.The train ticket is ________ the airplane ticket. A.as cheap three times as B.as three times cheap as C.three times cheaper than D.cheaper three times than 5.At a rough estimate,Nigeria is________ Great Britain. A.three times the size as B.the size three times of C.three times as the size of D.three times the size of

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