本教材旨在帮助同学们搞好初高中英语学习的衔接，顺利开始高一阶段的英语学习，强化英 语学习习惯，扫除高中英语学习的障碍。编写教师根据多年来的教学经验、对高考试题和英语教 学规律的潜心研究，联系高一新生的心理特点和高一英语教学内容设计本教材。教材共分三部分： 高一英语学习建议；语法入门篇；知识精华篇。
r />亲爱的同学们： 真诚地恭贺你成为高密一中的一员！从现在开始，你将迈入一个崭新的学习阶段-----高中。与 初中相比， 这是一个生活更加丰富多彩的阶段， 是一个让你更能深刻体会知识博大精深的阶段, 是 一个让你的人生走向成熟、走向独立的阶段,更是一个决定你生命精彩与否的最关键最紧要的阶 段??。成为高密一中的一员是机遇，更是挑战，请明确高中阶段的英语学习过程是全新的，其 难度之大和范围之广是初中英语不可比拟的，不管你多么优秀，正常情况下，你一定会遇到一些 困难和障碍，因此如何搞好初高中英语学习的衔接就起到了至关重要的作用，而今年的暑假正是 你为顺利过渡到高中进行这种衔接学习的最佳和唯一时期！ 下面，我们根据高中的学习特点及进入高中学习前你应该也是必须做的事对大家予以提醒。 一．初高中英语学习的不同点。 第一，教材教法不同 初中阶段内容少, 难度小, 老师有充裕的时间反复讲解； 进入高中阶段后,词汇量大, 知识点多, 内容复杂, 且每周只有 4 节英语课， 为了理解和掌握学习内容, 你不仅要上课认真听讲,而且要观察 和分析语言现象, 发现和总结规律, 因而学习时应加大抽象思维的力度，即要思考在先。而且高中 学习更强调的是自主学习能力的培养和综合能力的训练。这就对你的课前预习、听课、做笔记、 课后的复习巩固等都提出了很高的要求。 第二，学习侧重点不同 在听、说、读、写四项基本技能训练方面,初中阶段的英语学习侧重听、说能力的培养,兼顾读、 写能力的训练, 而高中阶段的英语学习刚好与之相反, 侧重读、写能力的培养, 尤其是阅读能力的 培养, 兼顾听、说能力的训练。 第三，授课模式不同 初中教师的授课基本上是以老师“填鸭式”的讲解为主的，我们一中探索的是“三段自主大课 堂”模式，即：自主学习、课内探究、精讲点拨、随堂检测，教师把更多的时间留给你去理解和 消化知识，你与同学一起探究知识，从而对知识产生深层次理解和感悟。思考和理解占据了高中 课堂的主要时间，所以你一定要做一个善于思考、善于研究的同学。
二．高一新生英语学习存在的主要障碍。 第一，语音不过关，听不懂英语授课。高中老师会尽可能地用英语授课，包括单词的解释，语言 点的讲解，课文的长、难句子释义等，而很少进行汉语翻译。有些同学单词发音不准，基本上不 会口语表达，所以很长一段时间都感觉听得“云里雾里”。 第二，基础知识薄弱。你们初中学习过程中或多或少地存在着基础知识不扎实不牢固的问题，更 为糟糕的是，毕业后经过长达三个月休息放松之后，词汇量急剧下降，对于高中课文中的一些本 来的熟词，也都变成了生词。英语知识的关联性是相当强的，所以暑假中你一定要把初中的内容 巩固扎实。 第三，自主学习能力缺失。高中阶段，词汇要靠自己去学习掌握，课文也是以整体教学为主要方 向， 教师主要是引导学生对课文篇章的理解和课文的深层理解； 另外学生的自主学习时间很长 （早 晚自习多），如果你不具备自主学习习惯和能力，就很难适应高中英语老师的教学，就会掉队。 三．好好利用宝贵的暑假，为高一学习打下坚实的基础。 第一，梳理初中单词和语法知识。 词汇方面包括两个方面的内容，一是基本词汇，二是重点词汇的用法。初中阶段的词汇量为 1500 个左右， 每天早晨利用 1 个小时复习 50 个词汇应该是没有问题的， 开学前一定要把初中词汇 巩固扎实。切记：词汇是英语学习的生命线。高中要求掌握的词汇是 3600 个，所以三年中也要天 天识记单词，每天的识记量不能少于 30 个，因此你要爱上背单词。 语法基础知识也是不可缺少的一环。高中的语法学习更加系统和复杂，而初中的语法知识会 为高中语法学习奠定良好的基础。在衔接材料中，我们为你准备了一些高中要用到的语法基础知 识，请你务必做到理解识记，另外你应该整理一些介词的意义和用法，如 at, in, on, against, with, beyond, of, about, during, over 等。 第二，准备一本权威的英汉双解词典。 词典是高中英语学习最好的老师，她知识渊博，有英汉解释、典型例句、短语搭配等，所以 学习优秀的同学都是最擅长也最经常查阅词典的。每个同学都要准备一本权威的词典（如《朗文 高阶英汉双解词典》，《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》，《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》等），务必 确保你的词典正规出版社新出版的英汉双解词典，暑假期间要提前学会词典查词和整理笔记，你 不妨查一些初中重点词汇练习一下，如：suggest, prefer, recognize 等。 第三，开始着手良好学习习惯的培养。 习惯是培养出来的，而不是生来就有的，习惯强化到一定程度就变成了人格。英语学习较多地 依赖良好的学习习惯，与聪明程度关系不大，我们无法估量高中三年的坚持带给你的影响有多大， 统计发现高中学习的佼佼者都是刻苦勤奋的同学，他们三年如一日的坚持让那些自视更聪明的同 学自愧不如，无法追赶。请同学们现在开始培养良好的习惯，如：早晨 6:30 起床朗读背诵英语单
词（50 个）并坚持复习巩固；每天识记高中词汇 10 个、句子 3 个，并阅读 1 篇文章，同时认真完 成自我检测。学英语要有连续性、持续性，走走停停难有成就。另外要天天坚持，在完全忘记之 前及时复习、加深印象，如此反复，直至形成永久性记忆。还要眼尖，耳明，嘴勤，手快。只要 多读，多记，多讲，多写，自有水到渠成之日。 第四，要从心底滋生出一种对英语的喜爱之情。 我们没有时间培养英语兴趣， 高考的 150 分如果还不能引起你的浓厚兴趣， 说明你不想上大学。 另外只要知识积累到了一定的程度，你便能够欣赏文章、听懂对话，体会英语带给你的快乐。从 心底热爱英语吧！英语会为你的腾飞插上翅膀的！ 第五，高一英语教学计划。 高中英语有 10 本书（必修 1-5，选修 6-10），知识的难度是螺旋式上升的。高一阶段的 重要语法是定语从句、倒装语序、非谓语动词、名词性从句，动词时态，开学之初学习定语从句， 这是高中语法的重点和难点。高一上学期学习必修 1-2，下学期学习必修 3-4，高一教学内容在高 考中占的比重是 60%。每本书包含 5 个单元，每单元有 50 个左右单词和短语，每周 4 节课结束 1 个单元的学习。学习过程中我们还要添加听力训练、写作训练，还要进行课外拓展阅读，时间是 很紧张的。
凡事应遵循规律，学习英语也如此。英语语法概括了英语语言的规律和学习技巧，它让我们凌 驾于零散的词汇和复杂的句式之上进行理性的学习、思考和记忆，学好了语法，我们就会感觉英 语学习是不难的事，因为它有规律可遵循和靠拢，请牢记：最聪明的人其实是明确什么时间干什 么事情的人，做个聪明人，现在就学好英语语法！
定义：句子成分 组成句子的各个部分叫句子成分。 分类：句子成分主要有六种：主语，谓语，表语，宾语，定语和状语 还有其他的补语、同位语，插入语等 1 主语 表示句子描述的是?谁?或?什么?，是谓语的陈述对象。通常由名词，代词，不定式， 动名词， 或从句担任。 The sun rises in the east. Getting up early is a good habit. 2 谓语 说明主语的动作或状态，由动词或动词短语担任。 We study English. He lives in Shanghai. 3 表语 说明主语的性质或特征，由名词，形容词，副词，不定式，动名词，或从句担任。We are students. She is beautiful. He is hard working. 4 宾语 表示及物动词或短语的对象或内容，由名词，代词，不定式，动名词，或从句担任。I love you. I teach English. He bought a book.
I am a teacher.
宾语包括直接宾语和间接宾语 I give you lessons. 5 定语 修饰或限定名词或代词的，由形容词，代词，不定式，动名词，或从句担任。 This is a hard job. She is a beautiful girl. 6 补语 补充说明主语或宾语的，由形容词，名词，代词担任。We made him monitor. 7 状语 修饰动词，形容词，副词或整个句子的。通常由副词，不定式，分词或从句担任。 He runs fast. She is very beautiful. 8 同位语 对前面的名词， 代词做进一步的解释， 由名词， 形容词担任。 This is Mr.zhou, our headmaster. 9 插入语 对一句话做一些附加性的解释。 To be honest, I don?t agree with you. 一、主 语 主语是句子陈述的对象，说明是谁或什么。表示句子说的是"什么人"或“什么事”。 主语是执行句子的行为或动作的主体，如“我写字”中的“我”，就是主语，它做出“写”这个动 作。“写”则是谓语，而“字”是接受谓语“写”这个动作的对象，它因此被称为宾语,名词,代词, 数词,动名词,不定式,从句等做主语 例子:1. 名词做主语： Our school is not far from my house. 2. 动名词做主语: Seeing is believing. 3. 动词不定式做主语: To do such a job need more knowledge. 4. 从句做主语: What I mean is to work harder. 二 、谓 语 谓语是对主语动作或状态的陈述或说明,指出“做什么”、“是什么”或“怎么样”. 谓语动词的位 置一般在主语之后。谓语动词一般由动词的各种时态来体现。例如： I（like）walking.我喜欢走路。(一般现在时主动语态) I made your birthday cake （last night）.昨晚我做好了你的生日蛋糕。 (一般过去时主动语态) It is used by travelers and business （people all over the world）. 全世界旅行者和商人都使用它 (一般现在时被动语态) 复合谓语可分为两种情况： 第一种是由情态动词，助动词+不带 to 的动词不定式构成的重复谓语： What does this word mean? 这个单词是什么意思？ You?d better catch a bus. 你最好乘坐公交车。 第二种是由系动词+表语构成的复合谓语。例如： You look the same. 你(们)看起来一样. The weather gets warmer, and the days get longer. 天气变的暖了,日子变的长了. 三、 宾 语 宾语是动作、行为的对象，是动作的承受者。宾语由名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的 词、短语来担任。当然,也可以由一个句子来充当,称之为宾语从句,所以一个句子中不一定只 有一个宾语. 英语的及物动词后必须有宾语。宾语一般放及物动词之后，它和及物动词一起说明主语做 什么。 说明， 除及物动词有宾语之外， 英语介词后面也要有宾语。 另外， 某些形容词如 worth, careful 等后也可有宾语。
宾语有直接宾语和间接宾语之分。即指人的间接宾语和指物的直接宾语，这两个宾语统称 为"双宾语"。 My parents bought me a computer.我父母给我买了一台电脑。(me 是间接宾语，computer 是 直接宾语) She is playing the piano now.她正在弹钢琴。（名词作宾语） We all like him.（代词作宾语） Give me four.(数词作宾语) We all like to go to school.（不定式 to go to school 作 like 的宾语。school 作 to 的宾 语） We all like swimming.（动名词作宾语） I think he is right.（宾语从句作宾语） He asked me what I was thinking about at that moment. (me 作 asked 的宾语， asked me] 由 [he what 疑问代词引导的宾语从句作宾语) The book is worth reading.( 形容词 worth 可有宾语) 四 、表 语 表语是用来说明主语的身份、性质、品性、特征和状态的，表语常由名词、形容词、副词、 介词短语、不定式、动词的-ing、从句来充当，它常位于系动词（be, become, appear, seem 等） 之后。 一. 名词作表语 Africa is a big continent.非洲是个大洲。 That remains is a puzzle to me. 二. 代词作表语 What?s your fax number?你的传真号是多少？ Who's your best friend?你最好的朋友是谁？ 三. 形容词作表语 I feel much better today.我今天感觉好多了。 四. 数词作表语 She was the first to learn about it.她是第一个知道的人。 五. 不定式或 ing 形式作表语 Her job is selling computers.她的工作是销售电脑。 Our next step was to get raw materials ready. 我们下一步是把原料准备好。 六. 介词短语作表语 The patient is out of danger.病人脱险了。 I don?t feel at ease.我感到不自在。 七. 副词作表语 The sun is up.太阳升起来了。 I must be off now.现在我得走了。 八. 从句作表语 This is what he said.这就是他所说的话。 不定式作表语
作表语的不定式短语通常是说明主语的内容，这时主语通常是如下名词：hope, idea, job, plan, wish, aim, purpose, thing, business The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, not to make it more difficult. 目的是使生活更便利，而不是更繁琐。 Her wish is to become a singer.她的愿望是当一名歌手。 Our plan is to finish the work in two weeks. 我们的计划就是在两星期内完成这项工作。 五、 定 语 定义：定语用来限定、修饰名词或代词的，定语是对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、 短语或句子，汉语中常用?……的?表示。 充当定语的有：主要由形容词担任。此外，名词、代词、数词、副词、介词短语以及动词 不定式（短语）、分词和定语从句等都可用作定语。 形容词作定语： The little boy needs a blue pen.(little 修饰名词 boy；blue 修饰名词 pen.）/小男孩需要一支蓝 色的钢笔。 Tom is a handsome boy./Tom 是个英俊的男孩。 There is a good boy./有个乖男孩。 数词作定语相当于形容词：Two boys need two pens./两个男孩需要两支钢笔。 The two boys are students./这两个男孩是学生。 There are two boys in the room./房间里有两个男孩。 代词或名词所有格作定语： His boy needs Tom's pen./他的男孩需要 Tom 的钢笔。 His name is Tom./他的名字是汤姆。 There are two boys of Tom's there./那儿有 Tom 家的两个男孩。 介词短语作定语： The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours./教室里的男孩需要你的一支钢笔。 The boy in blue is Tom./穿蓝色衣服的孩子是汤姆。 There are two boys of 9,and three of 10./有两个 9 岁的，三个 10 岁的男孩。 名词作定语： The boy needs a ball pen./男孩需要一支圆珠笔。 It is a ball pen./这是一支圆珠笔。 There is only one ball pen in the pencil box./这铅笔盒里只有一支圆珠笔。 副词作定语： The boy there needs a pen./那儿的男孩需要一支钢笔。 The best boy here is Tom./这里最棒的男孩是 Tom。 不定式作定语： The boy to write this letter needs a pen./写这封信的男孩需要一支钢笔。 The boy to write this letter is Tom./将要写这封信的男孩是汤姆。 There is nothing to do today./今天没有事要做。 分词（短语）作定语： The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother.
The pen bought by her is made in China./她买的笔是中国产的。 There are five boys left./有五个留下的男孩。 定语从句做定语： The boy who is reading needs the pen which you bought yesterday. The boy you will know is Tom./你将认识的男孩叫汤姆。 There are five boys who will play the game./参加游戏的男孩有五个。 六 、 状 语 英语中,修饰动词、形容词、副词等的句子成分叫状语（adverbial)。 状语的功用：状语说明地点、时间、原因、目的、结果、条件、方向、程度、方式和伴随 状况等。 状语一般由副词、介词短语、分词和分词短语、不定式或相当于副词的词或短语来担当。 其位置一般放在句末，但也可放在句首或句中。 副词是一种用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或全句的词,说明时间,地点,程度,方式等概念。 1.副词一般在句子中做状语． He speaks English very well. 他英语说得非常好. 2.不定式在句子中可以作目的状语。 I come specially to see you.我专门来看你. 3.介词短语 Ten years ago, She began to live in Dalian. 4.从句作状语 When she was 12 years old, she began to live in Dalian. 5.分词作状语 Having had a quarrel with his wife, he left home in a bad temper。 状语的分类 状语按其修饰的功能不同可分为八大类： 时间状语，条件状语，原因状语，目的状语，结果状语，让步状语和比较状语
英语简单句主要用 3 种动词（系动词，及物动词，不及物动词） 种基本句型。 。5 1 主语+系动词+表语 She is a teacher. You are beautiful. He looks happy today. 2 主语+不及物动词 Tom died. The son is rising. The price has gone down. 3 主语+及物动词+宾语 We learn English. He bought a book. 4 主语+及物动词+间宾+直宾 I gave him some money. He bought me a book. 5 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾补 We think it easy. We made him monitor. 二、 复合句 复 合 句 （ Complex Sentence ） 由 一 个 主 句 （ Principal Clause) 和 一 个 或 一 个 以 上 的 从 句 (Subordinate Clause)构成。 主句是全句的主体，通常可以独立存在；从句则是一个句子成分，不能独立存在。
从句不能单独成句，但它也有主语部分和谓语部分，就像一个句子一样。所不同在于，从句 须由一个关联词（connective）引导。 复合句可分为： 1).定语从句（The Attributive Clause）； 2).状语从句（The Adverbial Clause）； 3).名词性从句（The Noun Clause） （1）状语从句 状语从句（Adverbial Clause）：用作状语的从句叫作状语从句。其关联词是一些从属连词。 修饰主句中的动词, 形容词和副词, 通常有从属连词引导, 按其意义和作用可分为时间, 地 点, 条件, 原因, 让步, 目的, 结果, 方式, 比较.等 1. 时间状语从句: 1) 常见连词有 after, as, before, once, since, till,（not）until，when, whenever（no matter when）,while， as long as… When I got to the airport, I suddenly remembered that I had left the ticket behind. I was about to leave, when something occurred which attracted my attention. Whenever we have difficulty, he?ll come to help us. 2) 表示"一…就…"的结构 no sooner…than, hardly(scarcely, barely)…when: 刚做…就…. No sooner had I opened the door than the telephone rang. She had scarcely news when she fainted. 3) hardly/scarcely…when/before, no sooner…than 和 as soon as 表示"一…就…"的意思， I had hardly / scarcely got home when it began to rain. I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. As soon as I got home, it began to rain. 如果 hardly, scarcely 或 no sooner 置于句首，句子必须用倒装结构： Hardly / Scarcely had I got home when it began to rain. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain. 4）immediately, directly, instantly, the moment, the minute, the instant, the second, every time etc 都可以表示"一…就…"的意思 I?ll tell you about it the moment you come. I got in touch with him immediately I received his letter. 2. 地点状语从句: 一般用 where or wherever 引导 I will stand where I can see the parade clearly. Wherever they went, they were warmly welcome. 3. 条件状语从句:真实条件从句:if, unless, so long as, provided that, supposing that, on condition that, in the event that, in case that etc I will not go to her party if she doesn?t invite me. I will not go to her party unless she invites me. 4. 原因状语从句: 从属连词有 because, as ,since, for, now, that, in that, seeing that, considering that (鉴于,由于) As the school regulations are written quite clearly, there is nothing more to be explained. 5. 让步状语从句:
1): even if, though, even though, while(尽管)； no matter what/how/which, however, whatever, whichever, however etc. He will not give up smoking even though the doctor advises him to. Whatever the consequence may be, I will be on your side. 2) 由 as 引起的让步从句, 语气较强烈,被强调的词须放在句首. Simple as the question may seem, it is not at all common in nature. Cold as it is, the children play outdoors. Much as I respect him, I can?t agree with him. Object as you may, I will go on with my plan. 3) whether…or,不管…或… whether you be a student or a teacher, you are required to obey the regulations of the school. 6. 结果状语从句: so that, so…that, such…that He is so humorous that we?ll never forget him. She is such a nice girl that everybody likes to make friends with her. 7. 目的状语从句: so that, in order that, for fear that, lest, in case I checked all the results time and again for fear that there should be any mistakes. Telephone us in advance in order that we might make the necessary arrangements. 8.方式状语从句 方式状语从句通常由 as, (just) as…so…, as if, as though 引导。 Always do to the others as you would be done by. They completely ignore these facts as if (as though) they never existed. 他们完全忽略了这些事实，就仿佛它不存在似的。（与事实相反，谓语用虚拟语气。） He looks as if (as though) he had been hit by lighting. 他那样子就像被雷击了似的。（与事实相反，谓语用虚拟语气。） It looks as if the weather may pick up very soon. 看来天气很快就会好起来。（实现的可能性较大，谓语用陈述语气。） 说明：as if / as though 也可以引导一个分词短语、不定式短语或无动词短语，例如： He stared at me as if seeing me for first time. 他目不转睛地看着我，就像第一次看见我似的。 He cleared his throat as if to say something. 他清了清嗓子，像要说什么似的。 The waves dashed on the rocks as if in anger. 波涛冲击着岩石，好像很愤怒。 9. 比较状语从句: 1) as…as, not so/as…as the film was not so exciting as we expected.这部电影没有我们期待的一样精彩 The history of nursing is as old as the history of man. She likes them almost as much as Paul does. 2) 比较级+than, so much/a lot more than She looks much younger than she is. The universe is a lot more complicated than you think.
3) no more…than, not more…than, less…than Jack is not more frightened than Mike is. 不像马克那么害怕 Tom is no more rich than Black 4) the more…the more The farther north you go, the severer the winter is. The more I see of him, the less I like him.
The boy runs fast. （行为动词） He is a boy. (表示主语的状态)
2） 根据其在句中的功能，动词可分为四类，分别是：实义动词、系动词、助动词、情态动词。 说明：有些情况下，有些动词是兼类词，例如： We are having a meeting. He has gone to New York. 写形式分别为 vt. 和 vi.。 4） 按动词的形式可分为谓语动词和非谓语动词。 a)谓语动词即能做谓语动词的动词。例: He writes well . 非谓语动词即不能做谓语的动词，但它具有动词的一些特征。 例：He likes reading . broken ./ It takes me 20 minutes to go to school . b)谓语动词有行为动词，系动词，情态动词和助动词，行为动词包括及物动词和不及物动词。 非谓语动词有着动词不定式，动名词，现在分词和过去分词。 c)初步了解：谓语动词 形式 人称 数 时态 语态 意义 与主语在人称上一致 与主语在树上一致 表示动作发生的时间 主语指动作的发生着或承受 者 语气 非谓语动词： 形式 不定式 动名词 1） 分词 分词 现在 意义 起名词和形容词作 用 起名词的作用 起形容词和副词的作 用途 主语，表语，宾语， 定语，状语 主语和宾语 表语，定语，状语， 举例 It takes me 20 minutes to go to school . He likes reading . The cup is broken . 说话人表达事实，要求，愿望 等 I am reading now. He writes well . He wrote a story last week. We study English . The road was filled with rubbish. I wish I could fly. / the cup is 我们正在开会。 （having 是实义动词。 ） 他已去纽约。 （has 是助动词。 ） 分别缩
用。 现在分词表示主 宾语补足语
动、进行、状态而过 去分词表示完成、被 动、状态
英语动词是句子的核心。它既决定着句子意思的表达同时又决定着句子的语法结构。难怪有人说， 英语是动词和介词的语言。可见研究动词的用法在英语学习中是十分重要的。 (一、) 分清及物，不及物动词: a．主要用作及物动词。及物动词后面必须跟宾语。可以用于："主＋谓＋宾"；"主＋谓＋双宾"；" 主＋谓＋宾＋宾补"结构。如： He reached Paris the day before yesterday. Please hand me the book over there. They asked me to go fishing with them. 类似的还有：buy, catch, invent, found, like, observe, offer, prevent, promise, raise, find, forget, receive, regard, see, say, seat, supply, select, suppose, show, make, take, tell.... b．主要用作不及物的动词。不及物动词后面不跟宾语。 只能用与："主＋谓"结构。 This is the room where I once lived. 类似的还有：agree, go, work, listen, look, come, die, belong, fall, exist, rise, arrive, sit, sail, hurry, fail, succeed.... c．既可以用作及物又可以用作不及物的动词，其意义不变。如 begin 都是作"开始"讲。Everybody is here , our game begins. let us begin our game. 类似的还有：start, answer, sing, close, consider, insist, read, learn, prepare, pay, hurt, improve.... ( 二) 记住瞬间动词 英语中不少动词所表示的动作在瞬间就可以完成．如： He arrived in Paris yesterday. 而另一些动词所表示的动作则可以延续．如： They worked until 12 o'clock last night. 特别是在现在完成时态的句子中，瞬间动词的完成时态不能跟表示一段时间的时间状语连用。瞬 间动词有：arrive, borrow, buy, close, fall, finish, go, join, kill, hit, leave, lend, die, marry, open, reach, return, start, stop, recognize....等。 （三） 动词有五种形态， 分别是： （Original Form） 第三人称单数形式 原形 、 （Singular From in Third Personal） 、过去式（Past Form） 、过去分词（Past Participle） 、现在分词（Present Participle） 。
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
“词汇领先，听说读写跟上”是英语学习的一个基本原则, 英语学习的最大难点就是大量英语单词 的记忆，因为如果我们词汇量太少，势必造成听力材料、阅读材料中生词过多，从而影响我们的 听力和阅读理解能力。英语单词最好是从句子中，文章中学习，因为语境、句意和文意所提供的 信息可以让我们更好地理解单词，更牢固地记忆单词。以下是老师为你精挑细选的句子，请在反 复朗读句子的同时强化记忆黑体单词，请相信：天道酬勤，天经地义！你的用心付出会为你顺利 适应高中阶段的英语学习助一臂之力！ 1.Coffee of high quality(质量, 品质) costs more than that of poor quality(质量, 品质).. 2.I felt as if my heart would burst(burst 爆裂, 突然发生) with joy.
At the news , the mother burst into tears/burst out crying(大哭起来). 3. Each year Americans consume (消费)a high percentage of the world's energy. 4. It's rude to spit (spit 吐痰,吐唾沫) in public.公众场合吐痰是粗鲁的. 5. House values may begin to slide (滑, 溜). 房价可能开始逐渐下降了. The thief slid (slide—slid--slid 滑, 溜)into the room. 6. The high wind passed and the sea was calm(平静的) again. 大风过后,大海重又风平浪静。 Faced with difficulty, we should keep calm(冷静的).面对困难, 我们应该保持冷静.. 7. The family has settled(settle 定居) in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。 They settled(settle 解决) their differences in a friendly way. 他们以一种友好的方式解决了他们的分歧. 8. My father suffers (suffer 遭受)from high blood pressure. 我父亲有高血压。. 9. Do you like campus(校园) life? 10. The doctor transplanted (transplant 移植) skin to her face. 11．Children should learn above all how to observe good manners at table. 小孩首先应学会餐桌礼仪。 注: above all 首先,尤其重要的是 12. Charge 充电, 指控, 要价, 管理 (1). The battery needs to be charged== The battery needs charging. 这电池需要充电了。 注: need to be done = need doing (2). They charged me with robbery. 他们指控我盗窃 (3). .---- I have just had my watch repaired. ---- How much did they charge for that? (4). She became her aunt's charge after her mother died. 母亲去世后她由姑妈照管。 请牢记以下句子中的短语: Mr Green is in charge of this factory. 格林先生管理这家工厂。 This factory is in the charge of Mr Green.这家工厂由格林先生负责管理。 The ticket is free of charge.这票是免费的。 比较:in the charge of…后边常跟 sb., 而 in charge of ... 后边常跟 sth, 都 表示 ―某人负责某事情‖. (5). The lion charged at those little animals. 狮子向那些小动物冲了过去。 诚信自测: 1.Coffee of high_______(质量, 品质) costs more than that of poor _______(质量, 品质).. 2.I felt as if my heart would __________(爆裂, 突然发生) with joy. _____ ____ ______(一听到那消息) , the mother burst into tears/burst out crying(大哭起来). 3. Each year Americans________ (消费)a high percentage of the world's energy. 4. It's rude to spit (spit______________) in public. 5. House values may begin to slide_______________ (滑, 溜). 房价可能开始逐渐下降了. 6. The family has___________(定居) in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。 They ________(解决) their differences in a friendly way.他们以一种友好的方式解决了他们的分歧. 7. Do you like __________(校园) life? 8. The doctor transplanted (_____________) skin to her face. 11．Children should learn _____________ how to observe good manners at table. 小孩首先应学会餐桌礼仪。 9. The battery needs ____ ____ ______== The battery needs charging. 这电池需要充电了。 They _______ me________ robbery. 他们指控我盗窃
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
我们通常见到这样一种现象，当一个英语水平特棒的学生被问及他所选择的准确答案的理由时， 很多时候他的回答是“没理由呀，感觉就对” 。其实，他的回答道出了一个学好英语必不可缺少的 因素——语感。语感的培养离不开日复一日的朗诵与感悟，熟读熟背之后你的感觉肯定很美很妙, 用下面的句子和文章挑战自己吧， 相信你一定能行，因为你心存“学好英语”的美梦！
1. 他们真正想要的是让国家越来越富强。 What they really want is to make their countries stronger and stronger what “所??的” ，用以引导名词性从句。又如： This is exactly what we are looking for. 这正是我们所要找的东西。 She is not what she was a few years ago. 她不再是几年前她所成的那样子了。 2. 他除了抱怨以外，什么也没做. He did nothing but complain. but 除了。又如：No one saw it but me. 除了我没有人看到。 3. 据我所知，大多数人运动员为国家做贡献是很自然的事情。 As far as I?m concerned, most people take it for granted that athletes devote themselves to their country. As far as I?m concerned 据我所知 take…for granted 认为??是自然的事 4. 若按说明服用，这种药没有什么副作用。 If taken according to the directions, the medicine has no side-effect. If taken according to the directions 是一个省略句，其完整形式为：If it is taken according to the directions, the medicine has no side-effect. 又如：If possible/necessary, I will go there. 其完整形式为： If it is possible, I will go there. 5.我正要离开时他进来了。I was about to leave when he came in . …be about to do when… 表示“ 就要做某事时，突然……...” 。 即学即用: 1. 这种场合下我真不知说些什么. I really don?t know ________ to say at such an occasion. 2.他只不过是个小职员。 He is _______ _______ a clerk. 3. Do you really think ________ granted for our parents to do all the housework? 4. 那个小女孩很少说话, 除非被问及一些问题。 The little girl seldom speak unless __________ some questions. 5. 我们正要开始上课，突然闯进来一个陌生人。 We _______ _______ _______ begin our lesson _______ a stranger break into the classroom. Answers: 1. what 2. nothing but 3. it 4. asked 5. were about to; when
Friendship is the relationship between persons who can help each other in need and who have much in common. Friendship can make people happy and successful. In my opinion, friendship is one of the most precious things we have for several reasons. Firstly, we can lead a happy life if we have some friends to share feelings, for joy that is shared will be doubled and sorrow shared will be reduced. Secondly, the company of friends can help us win success. It is well known that the friendship between Karl Marx and Engels largely contributed to their success. Besides great figures, common people also benefit a great deal from their friendships. For example, in the second year of my college, we were required to take the yearly test for English Majors (Band Four). It is a difficult national examination. While I was preparing for it, I felt very worried. But my friends and I helped and encouraged each other. As a result, we all passed the test with good scores.
Moreover, friendship has influence on our personalities. To win friendship we should have a pleasant manner. And to keep the friendship that we have obtained, we ought to be self-disciplined and learn to be considerate. If everybody has friends and knows how to keep friendship, personalities of people will be improved and society will be in harmony. So we can say that friendship can do good not only to individuals but also to society. A society that is full of friendship will be full of love and hope. 词汇突破： 1.have much in common 有很多共同之处 3. lead a happy life 过幸福的生活 5.contribute to 有助于，促成 9.moreover [m?:r'?uv?] ad. 此外 11. personality[p?:s?'n? liti] n. 人格,个性 2.precious ['pre??s] adj. 宝贵的，珍贵的 4.company ['k?mp?ni] n.伴随, 陪伴,公司 6.figure ['fig?] n.外形;体形;人影,人物;数字 10. have influence on 影响 12.obtain [?b'tein] vt. 得到,获得
7.benefit ['benifit] v&n 利益,好处; 对...有益 8.score [sk?:] n. 得分,比数
13. self-disciplined [,self'disiplind] 有自我约束力的 14.considerate [k?n'sid?rit] a. 体贴的,考虑周到的 15. harmony ['hɑ:m?ni] n. 和谐;协调 我积累的词汇短语 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ One day, Lincoln went to a party. At the gathering, Douglas made repeated remarks about Lincoln?s low status 开心一刻 （地位） in life, saying that he had first met Lincoln when he was a shop assistant in a general store, He finally ended his remarks by saying ,＂And Mr. Lincoln was a very good lawyer, too.” People burst out laughing but they quietened down when Mr. Lincoln said quietly,＂Gentleman, what Mr. Douglas has said is true enough. I did keep a store, and I did sell cotton, candles and sweets, and sometimes whisky. But I remember that Mr. Douglas was one of my best customers. Many a time did I stand on one side of the counter and sell whisky to Mr. Douglas on the other side, but the difference between us now is I have left my side of the counter（柜台）, but Douglas still sticks to（坚持）his.＂
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1. The goods will be transported (transport 运送,运输)to Tokyo by air. 2.That sort of thing varies(vary v.变化 variety n.种类 various adj.多种多样的) from person to person. 3.One swallow (swallow 燕子) does not make a summer. 一燕不成夏。 The waves swallowed（swallow 吞咽） up the little boat.
4. The discovery was significant (significant adj. 重要的). 5. It took a long time for him to recover(恢复, 重新获得) from a bad cold. 他患重感冒,很长时间才康复。 6. All our work was in vain(vain 徒劳的). 我们的工作白干了. 7.He never touches alcohol( alcohol 酒精). 他从不沾酒. 8.She was upset (沮丧的)that she had not been invited 9.you had better ignore (忽视, 不理睬)his advice, because it?s not practical(切合实际的). 10. The country has gone through (经历, 经受)too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争。 11.Always look through your work before handing it in. 交作业前一定要仔细检查. We have looked through the enemy's tricks. 我们已识破了敌人的种种花招。
look through (1).看穿, 看透 (2).浏览, 检查
12．One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘，谬以千里。 Who you are makes a difference. 世界因你而精彩. What all the teachers said made no difference to him. 所有老师的话对他都没有影响. make a difference 有影响,起(重要)作用 诚信自测: 1. The goods will be_________ ( 运送,运输)to Tokyo by air. 2.That sort of thing varies(_______ v.变化 ________n.种类 _______ adj.多种多样的) from person to person. 3, One swallow (_________) does not make a summer. The waves swallowed（___________） up the little boat. 4. The discovery was significant (___________). 5. It took a long time for him to_________(恢复, 重新获得) from a bad cold. 6. All our work was in vain(___________). 我们的工作白干了. 7. He never touches alcohol(_______________). 8.She was ___________ (沮丧的)that she had not been invited 9.you had better _________ (忽视, 不理睬)his advice, because it?s not practical(切合实际的). 10. The country has gone through (__________)too many wars. 11．Always _______ ________ your work before handing it in. 交作业前一定要仔细检查. We have looked through (_____________)the enemy's tricks. 12．What all the teachers said (_____ ______ ______) to him. 所有老师的话对他都没有影响.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
1． 这就是我们目前的生活，一种快乐多彩的生活。 Such is our present life，a happy and colorful one． 句中的 one 不是数词表示数量，而是一个替代词代替前边的名词 life。替代词 one = a + 可数名词 单数。又如：Such was the accident，a terrible one which I will never forget The editor-in-chief asked me to write another article for them, one about how to prevent bird flu. 2．请代我向你的父母问好！ Please give my best regards ／love ／wishes to your parents． 或 Remember me to your parents！ 3.多亏国家降低了课业负担，我们现在过着幸福的生活。 Thanks to our country's reducing the learning load，we are now living a happy life． thanks to 幸亏，多亏 live a …life 过??的日子 4.The meal was so nice that we all enjoyed it very much． 注意句中的 ―so…that…‖句式， 表示“如此??以至于??” 。更要注意其句式的变换，即“so + adj./adv.+that…‖ 结构中当 ―so + adj./adv‖放在句首时，so 所在的句子需倒装；
如：So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him. 即学即用: 1. I prefer a house in the countryside to ________ in the city. A. it B. that C. this D. one 2．So warmhearted ________ that all of us sing high praise for her. A. is the girl B. the girl is C. does the girl D. the girl be 3. 多亏你及时的帮助，我度过了难关。 _________ _______ your timely help, I managed to overcome the difficulty. 4. 那老人多年来一直过着简朴的生活。 The old man is always _______ _______ ________ ________ over the years. Answers: 1. D 2. A 3. Thanks to 4. having a simple life
三: 得阅读者得天下 Where there is life, there is hope
When I was in the 8th grade in Ohio, a girl named Helen in my class had a terrible accident. As she was running to the bus in order not to miss it, she slipped on ice and fell under the rear(后部的)wheels of the bus. She survived the accident but was paralyzed(瘫痪)from the waist down. I went to see her, in my 13-year-old mind thinking she wouldn?t live normally from then on. Over the years, I moved and didn?t think much about Helen after that. Three years ago, in Florida, my oldest son was hit by a car while riding his bike, causing a terrible brain injury. While I was looking after my son, a lady who said she was the hospital?s social worker called. It was a particularly trying day. I burst into tears for no reasons and rang off. A short time later, a beautiful woman, in a wheel-chair(轮椅), rolled into my son?s room with a box of tissues. After 16 years, I still recognized Helen. She smiled, handed me the tissues and hugged me. I told her who I was, and after we both got through the shock of that, she began to tell me about her life since we last saw each other. She married, had children and got her degree so that she could smooth the path for those less fortunate than her. She told me that if there was anything she could give me, it would be hope. Looking at this wonderful, giving person, I felt small. But I also felt the first hope I had since learning that my son was hurt. From this person that I thought would have no quality of life, I learned that where there is life, there is hope. My son miraculously recovered and we moved back north, but I owe Helen a debt that I can never repay. 词汇突破： 1.slip [slip] vi 滑动,滑行,滑倒，溜走 3.normally ['n?:m?li] adv. 正常地，通常地 5.injury ['ind??ri] n. 损害,伤害 7.burst into tears 突然哭了 9.tissue ['ti?u] n. 纸巾 11.get through 结束，完成；接通电话 15.owe [?u] vt. 欠…债,感激 我积累的词汇短语 2.survive[s?'vaiv] vt. 从...中逃生,幸存 4.over the years 这些年来 6.particularly [p?'tikjul?li] ad. 特别,尤其 8.ring off 挂断电话 10.recognize ['rek?gnaiz] vt. 认出,识别 12.degree [di'gri:] n. 度,度数,学位 16.debt [det] n. 债, 债务
13.smooth [smu:?] a.平滑的, vt.使光滑,使平滑 14.recover [ri'k?v?] vt. 重新获得;恢复
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Napoleon like to read newspapers. “I must read the news,” he said. “I have to know more about the world.” Napoleon read both English and German newspapers. He read the papers when he was having breakfast. But he seldom picked up a French paper. One day an editor of a French newspaper came to palace. He presented a well-printed newspaper to Napoleon. “ Your Majesty,” said the editor,＂please have a look at our paper and see if there is anything wrong.＂ Napoleon was not interested. He put the beautiful newspaper on the table and said, “No, I do not read French newspaper. Take it away.” The editor was surprised. “But, but why? ” he asked in a very cautious way. “Because everything in French newspapers is written according to（按照） my will. 意愿）
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1.You should forgive him for his forgetfulness; after all(毕竟), he is over seventy. The play came to an end after all(总算). 注:after all 位于句首时意为 ―毕竟‖ ，位于句尾时意为 ―总算,终究‖ 2. They set up a base(基础, 基地; 以……为基础) at the foot of the mountain. 他们在山脚下建立了基地。 3. How did he acquire (acquire 获得，取得，习得) his wealth(财富)? 4. Her room is always clean and tidy (tidy adj.整洁的； Vt.使整洁). 5. My attention wandered( wander .漫游;徘徊) 我走了神。 He wandered from the subject. 他说离了题。 6. It is a fact that languages frequently（频繁地） change . 语言经常变化是一个客观事实。 7. You are always abusing (abuse 辱骂) people, it?s really a bad habit.. The government has set up a working party to look into(调查) the problem of drug abuse(滥用). 8. Please don?t touch the wasted battery(电池). 请不要接触废电池。 9. She is a career (职业) woman rather than a housewife. 她是个职业妇女而不是家庭妇女。 10.Please see a doctor without delay(耽误, 延误). 11．Stop smoking now, or else your health will be ruined. 别再抽烟了，否则你会毁了自己的健康。or else 否则,要不然
诚信自测: 1.You should forgive him for his forgetfulness; after all(________), he is over seventy. The play came to an end after all(__________). 2. How did he ________ ( 获得，取得，习得) his wealth(财富)? 3. Her room is always clean and _________ ( adj.整洁的； Vt.使整洁). 4. My attention __________(漫游;徘徊) 我走了神。 5. It is a fact that languages frequently（频繁地） change . 语言经常变化是一个客观事实。 6. You are always abusing (abuse _______) people, it?s really a bad habit.. The government has set up a working party to look into(_______) the problem of drug abuse(___________). 7. She is a ______ (职业) woman rather than a housewife. 她是个职业妇女而不是家庭妇女。 10.Please see a doctor without ________(耽误, 延误). 11．Stop smoking now, _______ ______ your health will be ruined. 别再抽烟了，否则你会毁了自己的健康。
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
1.我认为努力美化是每一个市民的职责。 I think it is every citizen?s duty to make an effort to beautify our environment. 2. 在过去的几年中高密发生了巨大的变化。 Great changes have taken place in the past few years in Gaomi. 变形表达：Gaomi has taken on a new look.(take on a new look 呈现新面貌) Gaomi is no longer what it used to be. 3．我期待着不久收到你的来信。 I?m looking forward to hearing from you soon. be look forward to doing 期待干??， 其中的 to 为介词，后跟名词或动名词。 4．我不仅喜爱英语，而且我酷爱音乐。注意：not only+倒装，but also+不倒装 Not only do I take interest in English, but (also)I am fond of music as well. Not only is he busy , but also I have a lot of work to do. Not only does he speak English very well , but also he speaks French well. 但是当连接主语时不倒装 Not only he but also I have kept the secret. 即学即用： Not only ____ a promise, but also he kept it. A has he made B. does he make C he made D did he make Answers: B
三: 得阅读者得天下 Never Too Late to Become What You Want to Be
The first day of school our professor introduced a little old lady to us. "Why are you in college at such a young age?" I asked later. She jokingly replied, " I'm here to meet a rich husband, get married, have a couple of children, and then retire and travel." "No seriously," I asked. I was curious what may have motivated her to be taking on this challenge at her age. "I always dreamed of having a college education and now I'm getting one!" she told me. We became instant friends. Every day for the next three months we would leave class together and talk nonstop. I was always listening to this "time machine" as she shared her wisdom and experience with me. At the end of the semester we invited Rose to make a speech to our football team. I'll never forget what she taught us. As she began to deliver her prepared speech, she dropped her note card on the floor.
A little embarrassed she simply said, "I'm sorry. This whiskey is killing me! I'll never get my speech back in order so let me just tell you what I know." As we laughed she cleared her throat and began:" We do not stop playing because we are old; we grow old because we stop playing. There are only four secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success. You have to laugh and find humor every day. You've got to have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you die. We have so many people walking around who are dead and don't even know it! There is a huge difference between growing older and growing up. If you are nineteen years old and lie in bed for one full year and don't do one productive thing, you will turn twenty years old. Anybody can grow older. That doesn't take any ability. The idea is to grow up by always finding the opportunity in change. Have no regrets. The elderly usually don't have regrets for what we did, but rather for things we did not do. The only people who fear death are those with regrets." At the year's end Rose finished the college degree. One week after graduation Rose died peacefully in her sleep. Over two thousand college students attended her funeral to honor the wonderful woman who taught by example that it's never too late. 词汇突破： 1.jokingly ['d??uki?li] adv. 打趣地,开玩笑地 3.curious ['kju?ri?sli] adv. 好奇地 5.instant ['inst?nt] a. 立即的,即刻的 7.deliver [di'liv?] vt. 发表投递 9.throat[θr?ut] n 咽喉 11.productive [pr?'d?ktiv] a. 多产的，生产的 13.funeral ['fju:n?r?l] n. 葬礼 我积累的词汇短语 2.retire [ri'tai?] vt 退休 4.motivate ['m?uti,veit] vt. 激励，激发 6.wisdom ['wizd?m] n. 智慧 8.embarrassed [im'b?r?st] a. 窘的,尴尬的 10.achieve success 取得成功 12.peacefully：['pi:sfuli] ad. 平静地 14.take on challenge 接受挑战
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ A Swiss guy went to Sydney for an important meeting . Completely strange, he took a taxi to the downtown building where the meeting was held. They came 开心一刻 to a red light. The driver ran the red light at high speed. The passenger cried out, “Hi, why did you do that?” The driver was very confident（自信的） though he was of medium （中等的） height. He said, “Don?t worry about it, my brother does it all the time” They came to another red light, and the same thing happened. The Swiss guy was upset and threatened（威胁）to get out if he takes another chance. At the next crossing, the traffic light was green, but the driver stopped the car. The Swiss guy was confused and asked, “What is wrong with you? You ran two red lights but
stopped at the green one.”The driver responded, “My brother might be coming from the other direction(方向)!”
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1. This is the shortest route ( 路线) from Boston to New York. 2. We visited the ruins (ruin v.毁坏 n. 废墟, 遗迹, 常用其复数形式)of the temple. 3. He is going to live by the coast for the sake of (出于……的缘故) his health 出于健康的缘故，他要住到海边去。 4. Old people tend (倾向;易于) to get fat. 老年人容易发胖。 There is a growing tendency (n. 倾向) for children to take it for granted that parents should do whatever they can to serve them. 5．We should adopt (采用) the consumers' suggestion. 我们应该接受用户的建议。 As they had no children of their own, they adopted (收养) an orphan. 6. She adapted (adapt 适应)herself quickly to the new climate. This novel is adapted (adapt 改写)from the Russian original. 这部小说由俄文原著改编而成. 7. Such casual (偶然的,随便的)dress would not be correct for a formal（正式的）occasion（场合）. 这种休闲服不适合正式场合。 8. Some miners（矿工） were trapped (trap n. 圈套,陷阱 v. 设圈套,设陷阱 ) underground after the collapse. 塌方后，有些矿工被困在地下。 9. It is my last request（要求，请求）. I shall never ask you anything again. 这是我最后的请求。我再也不会向你提任何要求。 10. The heart is one of the body's vital (重要的) organs (器官, 机构).心脏是人体重要器官之一。 11．How do I apply for this post? 怎样申请这职位? apply for 申请, 请求, application 为 apply 的名词形式。 对比记忆：The rules of safe driving apply to everyone.安全驾驶之规则适用于每个人。 apply to 适用于，运用于 12. He has no friend other than you. 他除你之外就没有别的朋友了。
other than 除了
诚信自测: 1. This is the shortest ________ ( 路线) from Boston to New York. 2. We visited the ______ ( v.毁坏 n. 废墟, 遗迹, 常用其复数形式)of the temple. 3. He is going to live by the coast for the sake of(________________) his health. 4. Old people__________(倾向;易于) to get fat. 5．We should adopt (_________) the consumers' suggestion. As they had no children of their own, they adopted (_________) an orphan. 6. She adapted (_____________)herself quickly to the new climate. This novel is adapted (______________)from the Russian original. 7. Such __________ (偶然的,随便的)dress would not be correct for a _________（正式的） occasion （___________）. 8. Some miners 矿工） （ were ________ (n. 圈套,陷阱 v. 设圈套,设陷阱) underground after the collapse. 9. It is my last ____________（要求，请求）. I shall never ask you anything again. 10. The heart is one of the body's__________(重要的) organs (__________). 11．How do I apply for(______________) this post? 12．He has no friend _____ _______ (除了) you.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
I was walking on the way to school when all of a sudden I heard “Help! Help!” from not far away. When 是一个并列连词，相当于 and at that time, 前边我们学习的“be about to do when ?? ” 结构中的 when 也是这种用法。all of a sudden=suddenly 突然。 2. 学校教学楼的东边矗立着一座实验楼。 East of the teaching building stands a lab building. 这是一个完全倒装的句子， 句中的 East of the teaching building = to the east of the teaching building ，英语中，表示位置的介词短语放在句首作状语时，需要采用一个完全倒装的表达，又 如： From the distance came a cry! At the end of the road stood a person. Exercise: 1).Under a big tree ____, half asleep. A .did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man 2).教学楼的后边坐落着一个斜塔。 Behind the teaching building __________ a leaning tower. 3）. On the wall ______ two large portraits. A are hanging B hanged C. hang D hangs Answers: 1).D 2).stands 3.C 3. 正如图片中所展示的那样， 我们年级百分之四十的学生课后参加体育活动。 is shown from the As picture, 40%of the students in our grade take part in sports after school. As is shown from the picture……正如图片中所展示的那样
三: 得阅读者得天下 Sand and Stone
Two friends were walking through the desert. During some point of the journey they had an argument, and one friend slapped （掴耳光） other one in the face. The one who got slapped was hurt, but without the saying anything, wrote in the sand: “TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SLAPPED ME IN THE FACE” They kept on walking until they found an oasis(绿洲), where they decided to take a bath. The one, who had been slapped, got stuck in the mire (泥泞）and started drowning, but his friend saved him. After the friend recovered from the near drowning, he wrote on a stone “TODAY MY BEST FRIEND SAVED MY LIFE.” The friend who had slapped and saved his best friend asked him, “After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand, and now, you write on a stone, why?” The other friend replied, “When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand where winds of forgiveness can erase it away. But, when someone does something good for us, we must engrave (雕刻) it in stone where no wind can ever erase it.” LEARN TO WRITE YOUR HURTS IN THE SAND, AND TO CARVE YOUR BENEFITS IN STONE. 词汇突破： 1.desert ['dez?t] n. 沙漠;荒野 3.get stuck in 陷入 5.recover [ri'k?v?] vt. 重新获得;恢复 我积累的词汇短语 2.argument['ɑ:gjum?nt] n 争执,争吵 4.drowning ['drauni?] n. 溺水 6.erase [i'reiz] v 擦掉,抹去
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ A famous art collector is walking through Warsaw then he notices a gray cat lapping（舔）milk from an exotic bowl in the doorway of a souvenir （纪念 开心一刻 品）shop and he does a double take(再次的细看). He recognizes(认出）that the bowl is extremely ancient（古老的）and very valuable, so he walks slowly into the shop and offers to buy the cat for two dollars. The shop owner with an interesting moustache listening to a cassette recorder, replies, “ I?m sorry, but the cat isn?t for sale.” The collector says, “Please, I need a hungry cat around the house to catch mice. I?ll pay you twenty dollars for that cat.” And the owner say, “It?s a deal,” and hands over the cat.” the collector continues, “Hey, for the twenty dollars I wonder if you could give me that old common bowl as a bonus. The cat?s used to it and it?ll save me from having to get a dish.” But the owner says, “buddy, but that?s my lucky bowl. So far this month I?ve sold sixty eight cats.
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1．Make sure the money can cover your daily expense (n. 开支, 费用; 其形容词为 expensive). 2. I prefer（更喜欢）the quiet countryside to the noisy cities. 我喜欢安静的乡村胜过喧闹的城市。 3. It's illegal （非法的 其反义词 legal 合法的）to read people's private (私人的) letters without permission. 未经允许读别人的私人信件是不合法的。 4．The salesman persuaded（persuade 说服） us to buy his product. 那个推销员说服了我们买他的产品。 5．He was determined（determine 决定，决心） to win the game. 他下定决心要赢得那场比赛。 注：be determined to do 下定决心干某事 6．I requested（请求,要求） him to come before ten. 我要求他十点以前来。 7. The policeman recognized(recognize 识别) her as a pickpocket. 警察认出她是个小偷。 Many countries recognized (recognize 认可)the new government. 许多国家承认了新政府。 8.What?s the company?s attitude (态度)towards this idea? 公司对这种意见持什么态度? 9.The fire destroyed(destroy 毁坏，破坏) most of the building. 大火把这座建筑物几乎烧毁了。 10．He was sitting with his head buried(bury 埋葬，掩埋) in a book. 他坐着埋头看书。] 11．All at once she lost her temper. 她突然发起脾气来。all at once = all of a sudden 突然 诚信自测:
1．Make sure the money can cover your daily ______ (n. 开支, 费用; 其形容词为 expensive). 2. It's ________（非法的 其反义词______ 合法的）to read people's_________ (私人的) letters without permission. 4．The salesman persuaded（___________） us to buy his product. 5．He was determined（______________） to win the game. 6．The policeman recognized(____________) her as a pickpocket. Many countries recognized (______________)the new government. 8.What?s the company?s __________ (态度)towards this idea? 9.The fire ______________(毁坏，破坏) most of the building. 10.______ ______ ______ (突然) she lost her temper.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
1. 曾经一度，每天直到 11 点钟李明才上床睡觉，目的是为了弥补落下的功课。 At one time, it was not until 11o?clock that Li Ming went to bed in order to make up for the lost lessons. 变通句式： At one time, not until 11o?clock did Li Ming go to bed in order to make up for the lost lessons. 这是两个不同的句式，第一句为强调句，而第二句为倒装句，倒装的依据为否定词放在了句子开 头。 强调句知识理解与记忆： 为了强调句子的某一成份（常是主语、宾语或状语） ，常用强调结构。 强调句型的构成是“It is (was) +被强调的部分+that (who)+其他成分”。 如果被强调的成分是人时， 可用连词 that 或 who; 如果被强调的成分是物时， 只能用连词 that . 含有 not… until…的句子，如果要强调 until 引导的时间状语，应当 not 提到 until 前，变为 It is not until …that…,并将原主句由否定句变为肯定句。 He didn?t leave until you came back./11 o?clock. It was until you came back that he didn?t leave. It was not until you came back that he left. (It was not until 11 o?clock back that he left.) 强调句型的疑问句式： Is/was it …that/who…:? what/who/where/how + is/was it…that/who….? 2．.一些有效的措施必须被政府采取，让高密的天更蓝，水更清。 Some effective measures must be taken by the government to let Gaomi?s sky bluer and the water cleaner. 即学即用： 1.It was along the Mississippi River __________ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. A. How B. which C. that D. where 2. Was it near the building ________ Martin Luthur King made his speech“ I have a dream”? 3.-----_______ was it that the construction workers discovered the ancient relics? ------- Quite by accident. A. How B. What C. When D. Where 4. Not until he got off the bus _____that he had got his wallet stolen. A he found B did he find C he had found D had he found Answers: C, that, A, B
三: 得阅读者得天下 Mother’s Scar
A little boy invited his mother to attend his first teacher-parent conference. To his disappointment, she said she would go. This would be the first time that his classmates and teacher met his mother and he was embarrassed by her appearance. Although she was a beautiful woman, there was a scar that covered
the right side of her face. The boy never wanted to talk about why or how she got the scar. At the conference, the little boy was embarrassed and hid himself from everyone. He did, however, hear them speaking. “How did you get the scar on your face?” the teacher asked. The mother replied, “When my son was a baby, he was in a room that caught fire. Everyone was too afraid to go in because the fire was out of control, so I went in. A beam (横梁) came down and I placed myself over him trying to protect him. This scar will be with me for ever, but to this day, I have never regretted doing what I did.” At this point, the little boy came out running toward his mother with tears in his eyes. He hugged her and held her hand tightly for the rest of the day. 词汇突破： 1.tightly ['taitli] ad. 紧紧地 3.to one?s disappointment 令某人失望的是 5.scar [skɑ:] n 疤;伤痕 7.out of control 失去控制 我积累的词汇短语 2.attend [?'tend] vt. 出席,参加 4.appearance [?'pir?ns] n. 出现;露面 6.catch fire 着火 8.regret[regret] vt&n. 懊悔，后悔
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Mark Twain once went to borrow a book from a neighbor in Tarry town. “Will you do me a favor and lend The Historical Events In 开心一刻 Ancient Poland to me?” He asked politely. “Yes, you are more than welcome to it, the neighbor told him,＂It?s in the bookcase. But I must ask you to read it here. You know I make a rule never to let any book go out of my library.＂ Some days later the neighbor wanted to borrow Mark Twain?s machine for cutting grass in the garden. “Why, certainly,” Twain told him, “You ?re more than welcome to it. But I must ask you to use it here. You know that I forbid（禁止）letting it go out of my garden.”
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1.What are the chief exports (export 出口，出口品)of your country? 你们国家主要出口什么？ It can make much money to import （进口，进口品） food. 进口食品可赚大量的钱。 2．Internal (a. 国内的,内部的)and external (外部的，表面的)use of water is a treatment for all forms of disease. 水疗法水的外用和内服是各种病症的治疗方法 3．They wondered (v. 惊奇, 想知道,怀疑)at his learning.
It is a wonder (n. 奇迹,惊奇,惊谔)that he remained alive after dropping from the roof of a ten-storied building. 他从一幢十层楼房子的屋顶上摔下来,但仍然活着,真是奇迹。 4．Please hang your coat on the hook （n. 钩子 v. 钩住）. 5．The government has banned (ban v. 禁止)the use of chemical weapons. 政府已经明令禁止使用化学武器。 6．The password was not valid (a.有效的,正当的), so he couldn?t open the computer. 7．He was removed (remove v. 搬开，挪开，移开)from the post.他被从那个岗位上开除了。 8．The salesman refused to bargain (n. 廉价货 v. 讨价还价)over the price. 推销员拒绝讨价还价。 9．The new law forbids smoking in offices. 新法律禁止在办公室抽烟。 Their father forbade them to go. 他们的父亲禁止他们去。 forbid 禁止，不允许 常用结构：forbid doing forbid sb. to do 动词 allow, permit 也有相同 用法， 即 allow/permit doing allow/permit sb. to do 10．There is a heated debate (n. 辩论,讨论 v. 辩论)over the problem . 关于那个问题有着激烈的争论。 11．At length(= finally), we began to understand what she wanted. 最后,我们总算弄清楚她到底要什么。 He talked at length(= in details) about his work. 他详细地谈了他的工作。 at length 终于,最后;详细地 诚信自测: 1.What are the chief exports (_________)of your country? It can make much money to import （__________） food. 2.___________ (a. 国内的,内部的)and external (__________)use of water is a treatment for all forms of disease. 3.They ____________ (v. 惊奇, 想知道,怀疑)at his learning. 4．Please hang your coat on the __________ （n. 钩子 v. 钩住）. 5．The government has _____________ ( v. 禁止)the use of chemical weapons. 6．The password was not __________ (a.有效的,正当的), so he couldn?t open the computer. 7．He was __________ (搬开，挪开，移开)from the post. 8．The salesman refused to bargain (n. _________ v. _________)over the price. 9．The new law forbids(__________) smoking in offices. 10．_____ ________(= finally), we began to understand what she wanted.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
1. 帮助急需帮助的人是一件很愉快饿事情，那也是在中国我们应该发扬光大的一种美德。It is a great pleasure to help others who are badly in need , which is also a virtue we should promote（促进，发 扬） in China. 句中的 it 是形式主语，真正的主语是动词不定式 to help others，who are badly in need 是定语从句， 修饰现行词 others， which 也引导一个定语从句，指代 “帮助急需帮助的人”这件事情。 2. 事实上，我们经常面临着帮还是不帮别人的问题，如果他人的要求超出了我们的能力，当然， 我们应该拒绝。 In reality, we?re often faced with the question of helping or not. if the request from others is reasonable but beyond our ability, certainly ,we should also say “No”. beyond one?s ability 超出某人的能力。Beyond “超出，超过”。 3.学生的行为象一面镜子，反映出他们的文化素质和学校的形象。 Students? manner is like a mirror which can reflect（反映） their cultural quality and the image（形象） of the school. Practice:
请将刚才你背诵的句子进行自我默写检查。 1 ． _________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. _ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________
三: 得阅读者得天下 The Hand
A Thanksgiving Day editorial (社论) in the newspaper told of a school teacher who asked her class of first graders to draw a picture of something they were thankful for. She thought of how little these children from poor neighborhoods actually had to be thankful for. But she knew that most of them would draw pictures of turkeys or tables with food. The teacher was taken aback with the picture Douglas handed in ---a smile childishly drawn hand. But whose hand? The class was captivated(迷住) by the abstract image （抽象的画） “I think it must . be the hand of God that brings us food,” said one child. “A farmer,” said another, “because the servant grows the turkeys.” Finally when the others were at work, the teacher bent over Douglass?s desk and asked whose hand it was.” It?s your hand, Teacher,” he mumbled. She recalled that frequently at recess she had taken Douglas, a scrubby(矮小的)forlorn(孤独 的)child by the hand. She often did that with children. But it meant so much to Douglas. Perhaps this was everyone?s Thanksgiving, not for the material things given to us but for the chance, in whatever small way, to give to others. 词汇突破： 1.actually ['?ktju?li] ad. 实际上,真的 3.mumble ['m?mbl]vt.含糊地说 5.material [m?'ti?ri?l] n. 物质,材料 我积累的词汇短语 2.bend bent bent [bend] v.使弯曲，低垂 4.frequently ['fri:kw?ntli] ad. 频繁地 6.be taken aback 惊讶
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
A businessman walks into a bank in San Francisco and asks for
the loan （贷 款）officer. He says he is going to Europe on business for two weeks and needs to borrow $5,000. The bank officer says the bank will need some kind of security for such a loan. So the businessman hands over the keys to a Rolls Royce parked on the street in front of the bank. Everything checks out, and the bank agrees to accept the car as collateral 抵押品） the （ for loan. An employee drives the Rolls into the bank's underground garage （停车场）and parks it there.
Two weeks later, the businessman returns, repays the $5,000 and the interest, which comes to $15.41. The loan officer says, "We are very happy to have had your business, and this transaction has worked out very nicely, but we are a little puzzled. While you were away, we checked you out and found that you are a multimillionaire（千万富翁）. What puzzles us is why would you bother to borrow $5,000?" The businessman replied, "Where else in San Francisco can I park my car for two weeks for $15 bucks?"
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1. After ten years? of hard work, the couple paid off their debt (n. 债务) at last. 2. Prices have risen steadily during the past decade (n. 十年). 3. He scanned (scan 扫描，浏览)the headlines of the evening paper. 他浏览晚报的大标题。 4. I wish prices would decline (decline=decrease 下降). She declined (decline= refuse politely 婉言谢绝) their invitation. 她婉拒了他们的邀请。 5. We cannot emphasize (v. 强调 其名词形式为 emphasis )too much the importance of learning English. 我们再怎样强调学英文的重要性也不为过。 注释：注意 not…too… 怎么……也不过分 eg. While crossing the road, we can?t be too careful. 过马路时，我们怎么细心都不过分。 We can?t praise you too much. 我们怎么表扬你都不过分。 6. Television is considered a necessity (必需品, 必要性)by a lot of people. 许多人认为电视是一件生活必需品。 7. Each of us has the right to pursue (追求，追赶，追逐) our dreams. 8. You've been working all morning---you deserve (应受，应得)a rest. He deserved to be punished. 他应当受到惩罚。 9. Children can feel secure (secure adj.安全的 其名词形式 security )near his parents. 10. Have you got a talent (天资，天才，天赋 ) for painting? 你对绘画有天赋吗？ 注：have a talent for…= have a gift for … 有……的天赋 11．She didn't attend to what I was saying. 她对我所说的话未加注意。 I have my business to attend to. 我有事要料理。 The nurse is attending to her patients very patiently. 那位护士正在耐心地照料她的病人. attend to 注意; 处理; 照顾 诚信自测: 1. After ten years? of hard work, the couple paid off their _________ (n. 债务) at last. 2. Prices have risen steadily during the past _____________ (n. 十年). 3. He __________(扫描，浏览)the headlines of the evening paper.
4. I wish prices would decline (__________). She declined (________________) their invitation. 5. We cannot emphasize (v. __________ 其名词形式为 emphasis )too much the importance of learning English. 6. Television is considered a necessity (_______________)by a lot of people. 7. Each of us has the right to_____________ (追求，追赶，追逐) our dreams. 8. You've been working all morning---you deserve (_____________)a rest. 9. Children can feel secure (_______________ )near his parents. 10. Have you got a ___________ (天资，天才，天赋 ) for painting? 11．She didn't attend to(___________) what I was saying. The nurse is attending to (___________)her patients very patiently.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
1. 只有通过这种方式我们才能使我们的社会更加和谐。 Only by these means can we make our school more harmonious. Only 放在句首，修饰副词、介词短语或句子做状语时，句子的主句倒装； Only on the way back home did he realize he was cheated by the girl. Only then did he realize that he was taken in(欺骗). Exercises: Only in this way _____progress in your English. A. you make B can you make C you be able to make D will you able to make Answers: B 这是一个生死攸关的问题，一个任何国家能忽视不起的问题。任何忽视这一点的人都会付出 沉重的代价。 This is a matter of life and death---a matter no country can afford to ignore. Any person, who is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price. is blind to 对??视而不见 1. The Olympic Champions have much in common. For one thing(一来, 一方面), they go all out to be excellent---- swifter, higher, and stronger. For another(二来, 另一方面), they show respect for everyone. Besides(另外), faced with one failure after another, they never give up. 1).have much in common 有很多共同之处 2) . For one thing(一来, 一方面)…… For another(二来, 另一方面)……, Besides(另外), …… 3). go all out to do sth 全力以赴干某事
三: 得阅读者得天下 Don’t give up
If we would ever accomplish anything in life, let us not forget that we must persevere, If we would learn our lessons in school, we must be diligent and not give up whenever we come to anything difficult. We shall find many of our lessons very hard, but let us consider that the harder they are, the better they are for us if we persevere and learn them thoroughly. But there are some among us who are ready to give up when they come to a hard puzzle in mathematics, and say, “I can?t do this.” They will never succeed if they feel so. “I can?t” never does anything worthwhile, but “I?ll try” accomplishes wonders. Let us remember that we shall meet with difficulties all through life. They are in the pathway of everyone. If we have a hard lesson today, let us strive to learn it well and then we shall be prepared for a harder one tomorrow. And if we learn to master
hard lessons in school, it will prepare us to overcome the hard things that we shall meet in life, when our school day are over. 词汇突破： 1.accomplish [?'k?mpli?] vt. 完成,实现,达到 2.persevere [,p?:si'vi?] vi. 坚持不懈;不屈不挠 3.diligent ['dilid??nt] a. 勤勉的,勤奋的 5.mathematics [,m?θi'm?tiks] n. 数学 7.worthwhile ['w?:θ'hwail]a.值得做的 我积累的词汇短语 4.thoroughly ['θ?r?li] 彻底地 6.succeed [s?k'si:d] vi. 成功 8.strive [straiv] vi. 努力,奋斗
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ One day, a father and his little son were going home. At this age, the boy was interested in all kinds of things and was always asking questions. 开心一刻 Now, he asked, "What's the meaning of the word 'Drunk', dad?" "Well, my son," his father replied, "look, there are standing two policemen. If I regard (认为)the two policemen as four then I am drunk." "But, dad," the boy said, " there's only ONE policeman
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1.We can compete(v.竞争，比赛 其名词形式为 competition) with the best teams. 2. I infer （推断） that my advice has been accepted.我推断我的建议被采纳了。 3．He was late for school because he was caught in the heavy storm. 他上学迟到了，因为被困在了暴风雨中。注：be caught in 被困在……中 4．He cancelled （cancel 取消）his order. 他撤消了定货单。 5．She's too tired and in no mood （心情,情绪）for dancing.她太疲惫了，没有心情跳舞。 6．His long boring story made me yawn (打呵欠). 他的冗长的故事听得我直打哈欠。 7．These are matters that you can bring up（提出） at the meeting. 这些问题你可在会上提出。 Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up （抚养，养育）by her aunt. 她出生后不久父母双亡，是由姑母抚养大的。 注：bring up 养育;提起 8．The situation suddenly became tense(紧张的 tension n.紧张). 9．He tried to build up（增强, 增进） his strength. 他试图增进体质。 He has built up （逐步建立）a good business over the years. 几年来他生意做得很兴旺。 注：build up (1). 增强, 增进 (2).逐步建立 10．She turned a deaf （聋的，不愿听的）ear to our warnings and got lost. 她对我们的警告充耳不闻，结果迷失了方向。 注：turn a deaf ear to sth. 对…... 充耳不闻。 11．Don't be too hard on the young. 不要对年轻人过分严厉。be hard on 对……苛刻 诚信自测:
1. We can compete(_______________) with the best teams. 2. I infer （_____________） that my advice has been accepted. 3．He was late for school because he was caught in (_________________) the heavy storm. 4．He _______________ (取消）his order. 5．She's too tired and in no mood （_________）for dancing. 6．His long boring story made me yawn (__________). 7．These are matters that you can bring up（__________） at the meeting. Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up （___________）by her aunt. 8．The situation suddenly became _________(紧张的). 9．He tried to build up（_______________） his strength. He has built up （______________）a good business over the years. 10．She turned a ________（聋的，不愿听的）ear to our warnings and got lost.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
According to the fact that some of us didn?t take our summer vocation homework seriously , there’s no denying that quite a few students don?t like doing their homework. The question has caused wide public concern. Really, just as an old saying goes ―All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy‖, too much homework maybe does harm to our study. However, we should also take into account the fact that the entrance examination to college will not change. So certain homework is necessary. As for you , when the homework is not beyond your ability, you should make great efforts and take proper measures to deal with it. Only in this way, can you make progress every day, because doing exercises contributes directly to a person?s success. 注释： 1. take sth seriously 认真对待某事 quite a few = many quite a little = much 3. There?s no denying/doubt that… 无可否认．． ． 4. ．．cause wide public concern ． ……引起广泛的关注 5. Just as the saying goes “…” 正如谚语所说：“．．． ．．．” 6. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩耍聪明小孩也变傻。 7. do harm/good to 对…有害/利 8. take … into account 把……考虑进去 9. as for = as to 至于 10. beyond one?s ability 超出…的能力 11. make great efforts to do sth = make an effort to do sth 努力干某事 spare no effort to do sth 不遗余力干某事 12. take proper measures 采取适当措施 13. deal with=see to 对付，处理 14. contribute directly to 直接有助于
三: 得阅读者得天下 I have a choice
I have a choice I woke up early today, exited over all I get to do before the clock strikes midnight. I have responsibilities to fulfill today. I am important. My job is to choose what kind of day I am going to have. Today I can complain because the weather is rainy or I can thankful that the grass is getting watered for free. Today I can feel sad that I don?t have more money or I can be glad that my finances encourage me to plan my purchases(购买) wisely and guide me away from waste. Today I can grumble about my health or I can rejoice that I am alive. Today I can cry over all that my parents didn?t give me when I was growing up or I can feel grateful that they allowed me to be born. Today I can cry because roses have thorns（刺）or I can celebrate that thorns have roses. Today I can mourn my lack of friends or I can excitedly embark upon（开始做）a quest to discover new relationships. Today I can murmur because I have to do housework or I can feel honored because the Lord has provided shelter for my mind, body and soul. Today the sketches ahead of me are waiting to be shaped. And here I am the sculptor who gets to do the shaping. What today will be like is up to me I get to choose what kind of day I will have!. 词汇突破： 1. strike [straik] vt. 打,击 3.fulfill [ful'fil] vt. 完成,履行 5.finance[fai'n?ns] n. 财政;金融 7.rejoice[ri'd??is] vi. 欣喜,高兴 9.celebrate['selibreit] vt. 庆祝 13.shelter ['?elt?] n. 躲避处;避难所 15. sculptor ['sk?lpt?] n. 雕刻家 我积累的词汇短语 2.responsibility[ri,sp?ns?'biliti] n. 责任 4.complain[k?m'plein] vi. 抱怨 6.grumble ['gr?mbl] vi. 抱怨,发牢骚 8.grateful['greitf?l] a. 感谢的,感激的 10.quest[kwest] v&n. 寻找;追求 14.sketch[sket?] vt. 写生;速写 16.be up to 由……决定
11.relationshp [ri'lei??n?ip] n. 关系,人际关系 12.murmur ['m?:m?] n. 私语
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Once there were two mice. They were friends. One mouse lived in the country; the other mouse lived in the city. After many years the Country mouse saw the City mouse; he said, "Do come and see me at my house in the country." So the City mouse went. The City mouse said, "This food is not good, and your house is not good. Why do you live in a hole in the field? You should come and live in the city. You would live in a nice
house made of stone. You would have nice food to eat. You must come and see me at my house in the city." The Country mouse went to the house of the City mouse. It was a very good house. Nice food was set ready for them to eat. But just as they began to eat they heard a great noise. The City mouse cried, " Run! Run! The cat is coming!" They ran away quickly and hid. After some time they came out. When they came out, the Country mouse said, "I do not like living in the city. I like living in my hole in the field. For it is nicer to be poor and happy, than to be rich and afraid."
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1.Life has many joys and sorrows（悲伤,悲叹）. 人生有许多欢乐和悲伤。 2.Don't burden （n. 重担; v. 加重负担） yourself with unnecessary problems. 勿为不必要的问题所累。 3．I can send him a note via(经，由) the internal mail system. 我可以通过内部通信系统给他发个通知。 4．We give 10 percent discount (n. 折扣 ；v.打折 ) for cash. 现金付款，我们九折优惠。 5．His paintings are on display（n./v.展览，展示）at the exhibition. 他的绘画正在展览会上展出。 6．Please give my sincere（诚挚的）regards to all the members of your family. 请向你全家转达我真挚的问候。 7．The song is popular with young people. be popular with 受……欢迎 8．I feel I am always short of time and energy.我总是感觉精力和时间不够。 The PRC is short for the people?s Republic of China. PRC 是中华人民共和国的缩写。 注：be short of 短缺… be short for 是……的缩写/简称 9.She tried to end his own life, but we saved her life by chance. 她试图自杀，但我们碰巧救了她。 注：by chance = by accident 偶然，碰巧 10．Virtue is a jewel (珠宝, 珍宝)of great price. 【谚】美德是无价之宝。 11．Please bear / keep the lesson the accident taught you in mind. 请将那场事故给你的教训牢记在心. keep…in mind 记住……; 把……记在心里 诚信自测: 1.Life has many joys and sorrows（_____________）. 2.Don't __________ （n. 重担; v. 加重负担） yourself with unnecessary problems. 3.I can send him a note via (_________) the internal mail system. 4.We give 10 percent discount (____________ ) for cash. 5.His paintings are on ____________（n./v.展览，展示）at the exhibition. 6.Please give my _________（诚挚的）regards to all the members of your family. 7．I feel I ______ always ________ ______ time and energy.我总是感觉精力和时间不够。 The PRC _______ _______ _______ the people?s Republic of China. PRC 是中华人民共和国的缩写。 9.She tried to end his own life, but we saved her life ______ _______. 她试图自杀，但我们碰巧救了她。 10.Please ________ the lesson the accident taught you _____ _______.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
Recently we did a survey about the diet and food safety for middle school students. To our surprise, we found many students cared little about(care about 在乎, 在意) their health. They like to have snacks(零食), and street food becomes their favorite. Also they choose food that tastes good without studying(研究) its storage life(保存期限). What?s more, some students go to school without having breakfast. They lack(缺乏)the basic knowledge of food safety. Middle school is an important period for our growth. We should form a good habit of (养成……的习 惯)dieting. We?d better arrange three meals properly(正确地, 合理地), especially our breakfast and balance our diet. Moreover(另外), a good knowledge of(一门…..的知识) food safety is necessary. Last but not the least(最后同样重要的是), we should focus on food production and its nutrition(营养) before choosing it. All in all(总之), we middle school students should improve our awareness(意识)of food safety for the sake of(出于……的缘故) our health. 译文: 最近，我们就中学生的饮食和食品安全进行了调查。让我们吃惊的是，我们发现许多学生不太在 乎健康。他们喜欢零食，街道食品成为他们的最爱。而且，他们挑选味美的食品而不注意食品的 保存期限。而且，有些学生不吃早饭上学，缺乏食品安全的基本知识。 中学时我们成长的重要阶段，我们应该养成良好的饮食习惯。合理安排三餐尤其是早餐，并 平衡饮食。而且，很好地了解食品安全是很有必要的。最后同样重要的是 ，在选择食品之前，我 们应该关注食品的生产日期和营养。 综上所述, 为了我们的健康，我们中学生应该增强食品安全意识。
三: 得阅读者得天下 Believe in Yourselves
We are in a society full of competition. Our parents compete with others in their offices, our brothers and sisters compete with others in their universities, and we compete with our classmates in school. Many of us give up in the face fo competition and will never be successful. Why can?t we do better than others? One important reason is that we don?t believe in ourselves. In fact, everyone is born equal. You can do what others do. Although your classmates may be better than you in some aspects, you may be better than them in other subjects. So everyone has his or her own advantages. Don?t view things from a single point of view. Try to discover your own advantages, and believe that you can do better than others in those aspects. Competition is not so terrible. Don?t be afraid of it. And don?t be afraid of those classmates who are better than you. Remember that self –confidence is the first step to success. Believe in yourselves, and you will be successful one day! 词汇突破： 1.competition. [,k?mpi'ti??n] n 竞争, 3.equal ['i:kw?l] a 相等的;相当的 5.advantage [?d'vɑ:ntid?] n. 有利条件,优点,优势 7.a point of view 观点 我积累的词汇短语 2.successful [s?k'sesf?l] a. 成功的 4.aspect ['?spekt] n. 方面, 观点 6.view[vju:] n. 视力;视野 8.self –confidence [,self'k?nfid?ns]自信
____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ A clerk who had to work overtime every day used to get back to his room very late at night and sometimes in the early hours of 开心一刻 the morning. He was so tired when he got back that he would sit down on the edge of the bed, take off his shoes, and throw them on the floor. He would then get into bed and fall fast asleep. But the lodger who had the room under the clerk's was woken up each night by the two thuds that the two shoes made as they landed on the ceiling. Finally, he could stand it no longer and complained to the clerk. The clerk promised that in future after taking off his shoes, he would put them down as quietly as possible on the floor. The next day, he got back from his office at about one o'clock in the morning. As usual, he took off one shoe and threw it on the floor. He was about to do the same with the other shoe when he suddenly remembered the promise he had made. So with great care he put the second shoe silently on the floor. Then he got into bed and fell fast asleep. An hour later, he was woken up by a violent knocking on his door. It was the lodger who lived in the room just under his. "Please, please drop the other shoe.” The lodger pleased.” I?ve been waiting for a whole hour for u to drop it. As soon as you do so, I can go to sleep."
一: 成也词汇, 败也词汇
1. The male(男性, 男性的) is physically stronger than the female(女性, 女性的). 男性在身体上要比女性强壮。 2.It took me an hour to skim (略读, 掠过, 滑过)the book. 我花了一小时把这本书浏览了一遍。 3. What is the theme (主题) of the play? 这剧本的主题是什么? 4. A person who travels abroad must carry a passport(护照). 出国旅行要携带护照。 5. Did anyone witness (v. 目击, 目睹)the traffic accident? 有谁目击了这场交通事故？ He is a key witness (n. 目击证人) in this case. 在这个案件中，他是一个主要见证人。 6. Computer technology in hardware(硬件) and software(软件)have become less expensive. 电脑技术在硬件和软件方面都变得较为便宜了。 7. The title (标题,题目)of the novel is "Sons and Lovers". 该书的书名为《儿子和情人》。 8. He worked from dawn(黎明) till dusk(薄暮,黄昏). 他从早工作到晚。 9. Never tell him a secret; he's got a loose（松的，宽松的） mouth. 别把秘密告诉他，他的嘴不严。 10. pay off (1).还清 It took them three years to pay off the debt. 他们三年才还清欠债。 (2).得到好结果，得到回报 He felt relaxed ,because several years of hard work paid off at last and he
was admitted to a famous senior middle school..他感觉放松了,因为几年的努力最终得到了回报,他 被一所著名中学录取。 11．The terrorists are going to blow up the plane. 恐怖分子扬言要炸毁那架飞机。 Can you help me to blow up my bicycle tyres? 你能帮助我给车胎打打气吗? blow up (1).爆炸 (2).使充气 12．This is a problem that calls for immediate solution. 这是个迫切需要解决的问题。 call for 需要;要求 诚信自测: 1. It took me an hour to skim (___________)the book. 2. What is the ___________ (主题) of the play? 3. A person who travels abroad must carry a passport(_________). 4. Did anyone ___________ (v. 目击, 目睹)the traffic accident? 5. Computer technology in hardware(_____________) and software(_________)have become less expensive. 6. The _________ (标题,题目)of the novel is "Sons and Lovers". 7. He worked from __________(黎明) till __________(薄暮,黄昏). 8. Never tell him a secret; he's got a _____________（松的，宽松的） mouth. 9. It took them three years to pay off(__________) the debt. He felt relaxed ,because several years of hard work paid off(________)at last and he was admitted to a famous senior middle school. 10.The terrorists are going to blow up(________) the plane. Can you help me to blow up (_____________)my bicycle tyres? 11.This is a problem that calls for(__________) immediate solution.
二: 征服了句子, 你就征服了英语
学校里一些同学互相攀比，追求时髦和高档消费。下面是一位同学根据下表中所提供 的信息写出的一篇题为“My Attitude to Pursuit of Fashion in School”的英文演 讲稿范文,语言优美, 结构紧凑,内容完整,你可要认真学习呀! 仿明星发型； 现象 穿名牌衣服、名牌鞋子； 使用高档手机； 追求美； 原因 爱面子； 感觉很酷； 你的看法 (请考生自己拟定内容，列举两至三点。)
Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “My Attitude to Pursuit of Fashion in School”. Nowadays in our school there is a hot pursuit of fashion. Some students live a very expensive life. They have the same hairstyles as their favorable stars , wear top brand of clothes and shoes. Some even use expensive mobile phones. The reasons why they do so are as follows. Firstly, they hope to look smart and special. Secondly, they want to win others? admiration and respect. In addition, it makes them feel cool .
As far as I am concerned, we students should hold the right sense of values. We should practice thrift in our daily life because it is one of our Chinese traditional virtues. What?s more , it is advisable for us to donate some pocket money to the Hope Project so that those poor children in rural areas can return to school to receive normal education. Last but not least, it is the inner beauty rather than our appearance that makes us respectable. Thank you for listening! 注释: 1. pursuit 名词 “追求”, 其动词形式为 “pursue”. 2. live/have a …life 过一种??的生活。 3. The reasons why they do so are as follows . 他们为什么这样做的原因如下?? 4. admiration 名词“羡慕” 其动词形式为 “admire”. ， 5. in addition = besides 除此之外 6. As far as I am concerned 就我所知 7. hold the right sense of values 持正确的价值观 8. donate 捐献 9. pocket money 零花钱 10. rural 乡下的，乡村的 11．Last but not least, it is the inner beauty rather than our appearance that makes us respectable. 最后但同样重要的是，我们被看重/受尊重的是我们的内在没而不是我们的外表。
三: 得阅读者得天下 Life's a cafeteria here
A friend?s grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe. After settling down at Ellis Island, he went into a cafeteria in Manhattan to get something to eat. He sat down at an empty table and waited for someone to take his order. Of course nobody did. Finally, a woman with a tray full of food sat down opposite him and informed him how a cafeteria worked. "Start out at that end," she said. "Just go along the line and pick out what you want. At the other end they?ll tell you how much you have to pay." "I soon learned that's how everything works in America," the grandfather told a friend. "Life's a cafeteria here. You can get anything you want as long as you are willing to pay the price. You can even get success, but you'll never get it if you wait for someone to bring it to you. You have to get up and get it yourself." 词汇突破： 1.settle down 定居 3.tray [trei] n.盘子 5.as long as 只要 我积累的词汇短语 2.cafeteria [k? fi'ti?ri?]n.自助餐馆,自助食堂 4.opposite ['?p?zit] a.相反的对面的 6.be willing to 愿意，乐意
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 我摘抄的美句
____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
While I was talking to a parent of one of my third-grade students, another teacher walked by. The mother, remarking(评论) how beautiful the woman was, said, "If my son had her for a teacher, he wouldn't be able to concentrate(全神贯注). “Then she paused and added, "Good thing he has you. "
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