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一.时态: (一)时态的基本概念: 时态是表示谓语动作时间概念的动词形式。英语中的时态专指谓语动词而言,不同时间概念的谓语动作有 不同的时态,每一个时态又有各自不同的动词形式。 (二)时态的用法: 1. 一般现在时: ①表示现在的习惯,经常发生的动作或存在的状态,常用 usually, often, always, sometimes, every day, on Sunday 等时间状语。 He goes to school every day. We always care for each other and help each other. ②表示主语的特征、性格和能力。 He is open-minded. Water boils at 100 ℃. Ice feels cold. ③表示客观事实或真理(不受时态限制) 。 The geography teacher told us the earth moves around the sun. ④表示按照计划安排好的将来行为。come, go, leave, arrive, fly, return, start, begin, open, close, end, stop 等常 用一般现在时或现在进行时表示将来,按时刻表,时间表,日程表,节目单,课程表等发生的事情常用一 般现在时。 ---The shop closes at 11:00 p.m. every day. ---The plane takes off at 15:05. ⑤在时间,条件和让步状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来概念(主将从现) 。 I will not stop my fight against slavery until all slaves are free. When you meet him, tell him to come to my place. 注意:从句中的 shall 和 will 表示意愿时,不表示时态。 If you will accept my invitation and come to our party, my family will be pleased. ⑥书报的标题,故事的叙述,小说,戏剧,电影等情节介绍,图片的说明等常用一般现在时。如: The story takes place on an island during the second Revolution Civil War. 2. 一般过去时: ①表示过去的事情, 动作或状态, 常与表示过去的具体的时间状语连用 (或有上下文语境暗示)如: , yesterday, just now, last…(last year), …ago(an hour ago), in 1985 等典型的一般过去时的时间状语。 Fortunately, I was in time for the interview. The interview went well and I told the company about my experiences. ②叙述过去连续发生的事情。由 but, and, when, as soon as, immediately, the moment, the minute 等连接,用 一般过去时。 She bought a watch but lost it. ③表示过去一段时间内经常发生的动作,也可用“used to do/would do”表示 Their children often went hungry in the old days. During his middle school years, he played football nearly every day. ④表示主语过去的特征或性格等,纯粹的过去情况。 At that time she spoke very good English. Thousands of years ago in Egypt, kings planned strong tombs for themselves. ⑤如果从句中有过去的时间状语,尽管从句的动作先于主句发生,但从句的谓语仍用一般过去时不用过去 完成时。

He told me he read an interesting novel last night. ⑥有些情况发生的时间没清楚表明,但实际上是“刚才,刚刚”发生的,属于过去时间,应使用过去时态。 常见于 I didn’t know…或 I forgot… 等,表示事先不知道或不记得,但现在已知道或记得的事情。 I didn’t know you were so busy. I didn’t expect to meet you here. I forgot to tell you I had been there with my brother before. 类似考题: 1.--- Does Liu Hui serve in the army? ---No, but he ____ in the army for three years. A. served B. has served C. is serving D. would serve 2. --- Shall we go and see Sam after school? He has been back from Manchester. --- I didn’t know he was in Manchester. How long ____ there? A. did he stay B. has he stayed C. was he staying D. has he been staying 3. 一般将来时:有几种表示将来的形式: will/shall ①表示将来动作或状态,常用 this Sunday, next week, tomorrow, tomorrow morning, in two days 等时间状语。 I will go to Beijing tomorrow afternoon. I think he will pass the exam. ②表示将来一种趋向或习惯动作。 We’ll die without air or water. I will be 18 next year. ③表示临时决定。 ---Did you tell Tom about the result? ---Oh, no, I forget. I will call him now. be going to ①表示打算做,主语一般是人。 I’m going to spend one or two days practicing driving. ②表示根据某种迹象而作的预测 It’s going to rain. be to do ①表示计划和安排 A meeting is to be held at 3:00 o’clock this afternoon. ②表示吩咐,命令,禁止,可能性等 注意:be to do 用于条件句中,表某个可能实现的目标,语气较强。 ---If you are to succeed in the end, you must fight with all kinds of difficulties. be about to 短时间内即将发生,不与时间状语连用,但常与 when 连用,when 译为“就在这时/那时” ,连接并列句。 Sit down, everyone. The film is about to start. 表示来去的方位转移的动词如 come, go, start, begin, leave 等常用进行时表示将来,用一般现在时表示规定 或时刻表显示要发生的事。 The bus is coming. The train leaves at 7:30 this evening. 4. 现在进行时: ①表示说话时正在发生的动作,常用 now,有时句前有 Look!或 Listen!等词提示。 I’m doing a word puzzle in this newspaper now. ②不断重复的动作或目前这个阶段正在进行的动作。

He is teaching in a middle school. ③与 always, often, continually 等频度副词连用,表示满意,称赞,惊讶,厌恶等感情色彩。 She is always helping others. (表赞扬) She always helps others. (事实) ④一些表示行为趋向的动词,如 arrive, come, go, start, begin, leave, spend, meet 等词常用进行时的形式表示 很近的将来要发生的动作或预计即将发生的动作。 My uncle is coming back from abroad. Spring is coming/approaching/nearing. 注意:下面四类动词不宜用现在进行时: a. 表示心理状态或情感的动词:like, love, hate, care, believe, want, mind, wish, agree 等。 b.表存在的状态动词:appear, seem, exist, lie, remain, belong to 等。 c.表示短暂动作的动词:allow, accept, permit, promise, admit, complete 等。 d.表感官的动词:see, hear, notice, feel, sound, taste, look。 5.过去进行时: ①过去某一时刻正在进行的动作 He fell asleep when he was reading. ②过去某一阶段内一直进行的动作。 He was writing a novel during his stay in America. ③过去某一阶段内频繁发生的动作,与 always, often, continually 等频度副词连用,表示满意,称赞,惊讶, 厌恶等感情色彩。 They were always quarrelling. (表厌恶) ④come, go, plan, expect, look forward to 等动词的过去进行时,表示过去将来。 He said he was coming to see me, but unfortunately he was ill. 注意:用过去进行时态,表示当时正在进行的动作或状态,是高考的重要内容。 ---Why didn’t Anne see me wave to her? --- She ____ in the other direction. A. looked B. was looking C. has looked D. is looking 6.将来进行时: ①表示将来某个时候正在进行的动作 I’ll be seeing Tom tomorrow. I’ll be taking an English test this time tomorrow. ②表示将来某个阶段一直进行的动作 He will be taking his exams next week. I’ll be visiting the old city of Xi’an next week. ③有时可用将来进行时表示委婉语气: When will you pay back the money? (似乎直接讨债) When will you be paying back the money? (委婉地商量) 7.现在完成时: ①过去的动作一直持续到现在才结束,与 for+段时间,since+点时间,in/over/during the last/past+段时间, these days, recently, never, already, yet, since, so far, up to now 等时间状语连用。 It is/has been +段时间+since+从句(一般过去时) 若时间持续到过去的时间点结束,则用 It was/had been +段时间+since+从句(过去完成时) ②表示一个过去发生的动作在过去已经完成, 但对现在造成影响或结果; 如果没有影响, 就用一般过去时。 The boy has gone missing and his mother is very sad now. The boy went missing last week.

③强调动作刚刚完成,常和 just 连用 I have just accepted his apology. ④表示动作发生的次数、频率 It(This/That) is the first(second…) time that + 现在完成时(若主句为一般过去时,从句变为过去完成时) It is the second time that I have been to Beijing. It was the second time that I had been to Beijing. ⑤在时间和条件状语从句中现在完成时可代替将来完成时(主将从现) ,表示将来某时完成的动作。 If you have done the experiment, you will realize the theory better. Don’t get off the bus until it has stopped. 8.过去完成时: ①比过去的一个参照动作或时间更早的动作(过去的过去) ,有时通过一定的时间状语体现出来,有时则 可能通过一定的上下文体现。常用 by, by the end, by the time, until, before, since 后接表示过去某一时间的短 语或从句以前发生的动作。 By the end of last year, we had produced 20,000 cars. I found the watch which I had lost. “时间名词+before”作状语时,谓语用过去完成时,“时间名词+ago”作状语时,谓语用一般过去时: He said his first teacher had died at least ten years before. Xiao Hua left school 3 years ago. ②表示过去未曾实现的想法, 意图, 诺言, 希望等, 能这样用的动词有: want, think, hope, plan, mean, expect, intend, suppose 等,表达方式有两种:“had+过去分词+to do…”或“过去式+to have done” I had meant to come, but something happened. = I meant to have come, but something happened. ③由 before, after, as soon as 等连词引导的时间状语从句,由于这些连词已经清楚地表明了主从句谓语动作 的先后顺序,所以对于先发生的动作也可用一般过去时表示: I told them the news after you (had) left. As soon as I (had) put the phone down it rang again. ④表示“一?就?”的几个句型: Hardly/Scarcely/barely had +主语+过去分词+when+主语+过去式 No sooner had +主语+过去分词+than+主语+过去式 No sooner had we been seated than the bus started. 9.将来完成时: 表示到将来某个时间为止势必会完成或预计要完成的动作,由“will/shall + have done”构成: When we get there, she’ll have gone to work. He will have finished writing his novel by the end of next year. 注:在时间或条件状语从句中,要用现在完成时表示将来完成时: I will go with you when I have finished my work. 10.现在完成进行时: 表示现在以前这一段时间里一直在进行的动作,这个可能仍在进行,也可能刚刚停止,可以翻译成“一 直…” ,比现在完成时更强调动作的持续性。 It has been raining since last Sunday. He has been watching television all day. ①现在完成进行时也可表示一种感情色彩: I have waited for two hours. (事实) I have been waiting for two hours. (等的好辛苦) ②现在完成进行时不用于被动语态,若要用则可用现在完成时的被动语态代替: The problem has been studied for five days. ③短暂性动词和状态动词只有现在完成时,没有现在完成进行时。

I have had the camera for two years. I have been taking photos with this camera for two years. 11.过去将来时: ①用 would do 表示过去某一时间看将要发生的事情(尤其用于宾语从句中) He told us he would help us. ②was/were going to do, was/were to do 表示原本打算。 I was going to travel on this Sunday, but the weather forecast said there would be a storm. ③was/were about to do 表示正要 I was about to leave when the telephone rang. = I was leaving when the telephone rang. 二.语态: (一)概念:英语中的语态分为主动语态和被动语态,主动语态表示主语时动作的执行者,而被动语态则 表示主语是动作的承受者。 (二)构成: “助动词+be+过去分词” ,口语中也可用“get/become done”表示。 Everybody respects him. ---He is respected by everybody. 注:凡需要进行时态变化时,只将 be 变为与其相应的时态形式,过去分词永远不变。 (三)被动语态的用法: 1.主动变成被动时双宾语的变化: My friend gave me an interesting book on my birthday. An interesting book was given to me (by my friend) on my birthday. I was given an interesting book (by my friend) on my birthday. 2. 主动变被动时, 宾补成主补 (位置不变) ; (作补语的) 不定式前加 to。 (see, look at, watch, notice, observe, listen to, hear, feel, make, let, have, help) The boss made him work all day long. _________________________________________. 3.短语动词变被动语态时不要掉“尾巴”,保持短语的完整性。 The children were taken good care of. Your pronunciation and spelling should be paid attention to. 4. 情态动词和 be going to, be to, be sure to, used to, have to, had better 等结构变被动只需将后面的动词原形 变为 be done 即可。 5.不能用被动语态的几种情况: ①不及物动词或短语不能用于被动语态。如:take place, happen, come about, break out, appear 等。 A fire broke out during the night. ②表状态的动词不用被动,如:last, hold, contain, fit, mean, consist of 等。 My shoes don’t fit me. ③表归属的动词不用被动,如:have, own, belong to 等。 ---The book belongs to Tom. ④相互代词和反身代词作动词宾语时不用被动语态。 (因为相互代词和反身代词在句中一般不做主语) ---We should respect each other. ---The old man devoted himself to charity. ⑤系动词不用被动语态,如:feel, look, smell, taste, sound 等。 6.主动表被动的几种情况: ①当 open, close, shut, lock, move, read, wash, clean, sell 等用作不及物动词且表示主语的某种属性时,用主 动表示被动。 (常与 well, easily, slowly, quickly 等副词连用) The book sells quickly. 这书销售的快。 The cloth washes well. 这种布料好洗。

②某些表示开始和结束的动词当主语为物且不强调执行者时,用主动表被动。如:begin, start, finish, end 等。 The play ended at ten o’clock. ③want, need, require, deserve 表“需要”时可用主动表示被动,也可用被动。 ---The flowers need watering. = The flowers need to be watered. ④be worth doing 主动表示被动。 ---The book is worth reading. ⑤to do 结构与被修饰的名词或代词是被动关系,同时又与句中另一名词或代词是主动关系,后面的不定 式用主动表示被动。 English is easy to learn. With the task to finish, I will go on a holiday. I don’t know what to do. Are you going to Beijing? Do you have anything to take to your son? 你要去北京吗?你有什么东西要带给你儿子吗? I’m going to Beijing next week. Do you have anything to be taken to your son? 我下个星期要去北京,你有什么东西要带给你儿子的吗? 但是,在 There +be +n. +to do 句型中, 用来修饰主语的不定式, 可用主动式, 也可用被动式, 即 There +be +n. +to be done,只是侧重点不同。用主动式作定语, 重点在人; 用被动式作定语, 重点在物。例 如: 没有时间可以耽误。可译成: There is no time to lose.可看成 for us to lose。 There is no time to be lost.谁 lost time 不明确。 ⑥be to blame, be to let 作表语时,用主动表被动。 Who is to blame? 该怪谁呢? The house is to let. 此房出租。 巩固练习: 1.His sister left home in 1998, and _______ since. (2009 全国卷一) A. had not been heard of B. has not been heard of C. had not heard of D. has not heard of 2. Edward, you play so well. But I ____ you played the piano. (2009 全国卷一) A. didn’t know B. hadn’t known C. don’t know D. haven’t known 3. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions _____? (2009 全国卷一) A. taking B. take C. taken D. to take 4. It is often ______ that human beings are naturally equipped to speak. (2009 全国卷二) A. said B. to say C. saying D. being said 5. Progress ______ so far very good and we are sure that the work will be finished on time. (全国卷二) A. was B. had been C. has been D. will be 6. Scientists have many theories about how the universe _____ into being. (2009 北京卷) A. came B. was coming C. had come D. would come 7. The way the guests _____ in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service. (2009 北京卷) A. treated B. were treated C. would treat D. would be treated 8. Mary went to the box office at lunch time, but all the tickets _____ out. (2009 上海卷) A. would sell B. had sold C. have sold D. was selling 9. During the period of recent terrorist activities, people _____ not to touch any unattended bag. (2009 上海卷) A. had always been warned B. were always being warned C. are always warning D. always warned 10. My parents ____ in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. (2009 天津卷) A. live B. lived C. were living D. will live

11. ---I’ve got to go now. ---Must you? I _____ you could stay for dinner with us. (2009 重庆卷) A. think B. thought C. have thought D. am thinking 12. Excuse me, Marcia, a reporter from Vanity Fair _____ all day. Could you speak to her now? (2009 辽宁卷) A. phones B. has phoned C. has been phoning D. phoned 13. My parents have promised to come to see me before I ____ for Africa. (2009 辽宁卷) A. have left B. leave C. left D. will leave 14. The population of Jiangsu _____ to more than twice what it was in 1949. The figure is now approaching 74 million. (2009 江苏卷) A. has grown B. have grown C. grew D. are growing 15. ---Ann is in hospital. ---Oh, really? I ____ know. I _____ go and visit her. (2009 江苏卷) A. didn’t; am going to B. don’t; would C. don’t; will D. didn’t; will 16. ---Hi, Terry, can I use your computer for a while this afternoon? ---Sorry. ______. (2009 江苏卷) A. It’s repaired B. It has been repaired C. It’s being repaired D. It had been repaired 17. Over the past decades, sea ice _____ in the Arctic as a result of global warming. (2009 浙江卷) A. had decreased B. decreased C. has been decreasing D. is decreasing 18. ---What do you think of the movie? ---It’s fantastic. The only pity is that I _____ the beginning of it. (2009 浙江卷) A. missed B. had missed C. miss D. would miss 19. ---Why does the lake smell terrible? ---Because large quantities of water _____. (2009 福建卷) A. have polluted B. is being polluted C. has been polluted D. have been polluted 20. When he _____ the door, he found his keys were nowhere. (2009 湖南卷) A. would open B. opened C. had opened D. was to open 21. Would you please keep silent? The weather report ____ and I want to listen. (2009 湖南卷) A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast 22. ---The food here is nice enough. ---My friend _____ me a right place. (2009 湖南卷) A. introduces B. introduced C. had introduced D. was introducing 23. I was out of town at the time, so I don’t know exactly how it _____. (2009 山东卷) A. was happening B. happened C. happens D. has happened 24. ---What is the price of petrol these days? ---Oh, it _____ sharply since last month. (2009 江西卷) A. is raised B. has risen C. has arisen D. is increased 25. ---Do you want a lift home? ---It’s very kind of you, but I have a much late in the office. I overslept this morning because my morning clock _____. (2009 江西卷) A. doesn’t go off B. won’t go off C. wasn’t going off D. didn’t go off 26. Daniel’s family ______ their holiday in Huangshan this time next week. (2009 安徽卷) A. are enjoying B. are to enjoy C. will enjoy D. will be enjoying 27. Ladies and Gentlemen, please remain ______ until the plane has come to a complete stop. (四川卷) A. seated B. seating C. to seat D. seat 28. ---Why don’t we choose that road to save time? ---The bridge to it ______. (2009 四川卷) A. has repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. will be repaired 29. ---You speak very good French! ---Thanks. I _____ French in Sichuan University for four years. (2009 四川卷) A. studied B. study C. was studying D. had studied

30. This is the first time I _____ a film in the cinema together as a family. (2009 陕西卷) A. see B. had seen C. saw D. have seen 31. ---Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? ---Yes, since she _____ the Chinese Society. (2008 全国卷一) A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D. joined 32. The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front(冷锋) ______ to arrive. (2008 全国卷一) A. is expected B. is expecting C. expects D. will be expected 33. If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ____ all day. (2008 全国卷二) A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining 34. If their marketing plans succeed, they _____ their sales by 20 percent. (2008 全国卷二) A. will increase B. have been increasing C. have increased D. would be increasing 35. ---Have you read a book called Waiting for Anya? ---Who _____ it? (2008 北京卷) A. writes B. has written C. wrote D. had written 36. The hotel wasn’t particularly good, but I _____ in many worse hotels. (2008 北京卷) A. was staying B. stayed C. would stay D. had stayed 37. No decision ____ about any future appointment until all the candidates have been interviewed. (2008 北京卷) A. will be made B. is made C. is being made D. has been made 38. He _____ football regularly for many years when he was young. (2008 天津卷) A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played 39. ---Did you watch the basketball match yesterday? ---Yes, I did. You know, my brother _____ in the match. (2008 安徽卷) A. is playing B. was playing C. has played D. had played 40. I like these English songs and they _____ many times on the radio. (2008 安徽卷) A. taught B. have taught C. are taught D. have been taught 41. ---Do you think we should accept that offer? ---Yes, we should, for we ____ such bad luck up till now, and time _____ out. (2008 江西卷) A. have had; is running B. had; is running B. have; has been run D. have had; has been run 42. I called Hannah many times yesterday evening, but I couldn’t get through. Her brother ____ on the phone all the time! (2008 湖南卷) A. was talking B. has been talking C. has talked D. talked 43. ---Do you have any problems if you ____ this job? ---Well, I’m thinking about the salary… (2008 湖南卷) A. offer B. will offer C. are offered D. will be offered 44. The moment I got home, I found I ______ my jacket on the playground. (2008 陕西卷) A. had left B. left C. have left D. was leaving 45. Though we don’t know what was discussed, yet we can feel the topic _____. (2008 陕西卷) A. had changed B. will change C. was changed D. has been changed 46. The telephone _____, but by the time I got indoors, it stopped. (2008 四川卷) A. had rung B. was ringing C. rings D. has rung 47. He _____ as a national hero for winning the first gold medal for his country in the Olympics.(2008 重庆卷) A. regarded B. was regarded C. has regarded D. had been regarded 48. Teenagers _____ their health because they play computer games too much. (2008 重庆卷) A. have damaged B. are damaging C. damaged D. will damage 49. I don’t believe you’ve already finished reading the book---I _____ it to you this morning!(2008 浙江卷) A. would lend B. was lending C. had lent D. lent 50. ---What’s that noise? ---Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine _____. (2008 浙江卷) A. was tested B. will be tested C. is being tested D. has been tested

51. We first met on a train in 2000. We both felt immediately that we _____ each other for years. (2008 辽宁卷) A. knew B. have known C. had known D. know 52. ---Have you got any job offers? ---No. I _____. (2008 辽宁卷) A. waited B. had been waiting C. have waited D. am waiting 53. ---I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. ---I think so. He ______ for it for months. (2008 江苏卷) A. is preparing B. was preparing C. had been preparing D. has been preparing 54. By the time he realizes he ___into a trap(陷阱), be too late for him to do anything about it. (2008 山东卷) it’ll A. walks B. walked C. has walked D. had walked 55. I know a little bit about Italy as my wife and I ____ there several years ago. (2007 全国卷一) A. are going B. had been C. went D. have been 56. The flowers were so lovely that they ____ in no time. (2007 全国卷一) A. sold B. had been sold C. were sold D. would sell 57. ---Is there anything wrong, Bob? You look sad. ---Oh, nothing much. In fact, I _____ of my friends back home. (2007 全国卷二) A. have just thought B. was just thinking C. would just think D. will just be thinking 58. ---Tom, you didn’t come to the party last night? ---I _____, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do. (2007 全国卷二) A. had to B. didn’t C. was going to D. wouldn’t 59. ---How can I apply for an online course? ---Just fill out this form and we ____ what we can do for you. (2007 北京卷) A. see B. are seeing C. have seen D. will see 60. I got caught in the rain and my suit ______. (2007 北京卷) A. has ruined B. had ruined C. has been ruined D. had been ruined 61. ---It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home. ---Oh, don’t mention it. I ______ past your house anyway. (2007 北京卷) A. was coming B. will come C. had come D. have come 62. If Newton lived today, he would be surprised by what _____ in science and technology. (2007 天津卷) A. had discovered B. had been discovered C. has discovered D. has been discovered 63. They became friends again that day. Until then, they ______to each other for nearly two years. (2007 安徽卷) A. didn’t speak B. hadn’t spoken C. haven’t spoken D. haven’t been speaking 64. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ____, he gladly accepted it. (2007 安徽卷) A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 65. ---I have got a headache. ---No wonder. You ____ in front of that computer too long. (2007 江西卷) A. work B. are working C. have been working D. worked 66. ---Ouch! You hurt me! ---I am sorry. But I _____ any harm. I _____ to drive a rat out. (2007 江西卷) A. didn’t mean; tried B. don’t mean; am trying C. haven’t meant’ tried D. didn’t mean; was trying 67. Cathy is taking notes of the grammatical rules in class at Sunshine School, where she ____ English for a year. (2007 湖南卷) A. studies B. studied C. is studying D. has been studying 68. When you get the paper back, pay special attention to what ______. (2007 四川卷) A. have marked B. have been marked C. had marked D. had been marked 69. ---Did Alan enjoy seeing his old friends yesterday? ---Yes, he did. He _____ his old friends for a long time. (2007 重庆卷) A. didn’t see B. wouldn’t see C. hasn’t seen D. hadn’t seen 70. Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture, but when and where ____ yet. (2007 浙江卷) A. hasn’t been decided B. haven’t decided C. isn’t being decided D. aren’t decided

71. The play had already been on for quite some time when we ____ at the New Theatre. ( 2007 浙江卷) A. have arrived B. arrived C. had arrived D. arrive 72. ---I saw Jane and her boyfriend in the park at eight yesterday evening. ---Impossible. She _____ TV with me in my home then. (2007 福建卷) A. watched B. had watched C. would watch D. was watching 73. ---Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. ---Sorry. With so much work ______ my mind, I almost break down. (2007 福建卷) A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. being filled 74. Danny ___ hard for long to realize his dream and now he is popular. (2007 福建卷) A. works B. is working C. has worked D. worked 75. ---Have you handed in your schoolwork yet? ---Yes, I have, I guess it _____ now. (2007 辽宁卷) A. has graded B. is graded C. is being graded D. is grading 76. ---Has your father returned from Africa yet? ---Yes, but he ____ here for only three days before his company sent him to Australia. (2007 辽宁卷) A. was B. has been C. will be D. would be 77. At the end of the meeting, it was announced that an agreement _____. (2007 江苏卷) A. has been reached B. had been reached C. has reached D. had reached 78. My parents have always made me _____ about myself, even when I was twelve. (2007 江苏卷) A. feeling well B. feeling good C. feel well D. feel good 79. ---Did you tidy your room? ---No, I was going to tidy my room but I ____ visitors. (2007 上海卷) A. had B. have C. have had D. will have 80. With the help of high technology, more and more new substances _____ in the past years. (2007 上海卷) A. discovered B. have discovered C. had been discovered D. have been discovered 81. ---Have you finished reading Jane Eyre? ---No, I _____ my homework all day yesterday. (2010 全国卷) A. was doing B. would do C. had done D. do 82. When you are home, give a call to let me know you _____ safely. (2010 全国卷) A. are arriving B. have arrived C. had arrived D. will arrive 83. The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already _____ for meal to be cooked. (2010 山东卷) A. laid B. laying C. to lay D. being laid 84. Up to now, the program _____ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. (2010 山东卷) A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved 85. ---Why, Jack, you look so tired! ---Well, I ____ the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. (2010 江苏卷) A. was painting B. will be painting C. have painted D. have been painting 86. ---Peter, where did you guys go for the summer vacation? ---We _____ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. (2010 江苏卷) A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be 87. We ______ on this project for four hours. Let’s have a rest. (2010 天津卷) A. are working B. have been working C. worked D. had worked 88. Traditional folk arts of Tianjin like paper cutting _ at the culture show of the 10 Shanghai World Expo. (2010 天津卷) A. are exhibiting B. is exhibiting C. are being exhibited D. is being exhibited 89. Joseph __ to evening classes since last month, but he still can’t say “What’s your name?” in Russian.(10 辽宁) A. has been going B. went C. goes D. has gone 90. I _____ all the cooking for my family, but recently I’ve been too busy to do it. (2010 辽宁卷) A. will do B. do C. am doing D. had done

91. ---Guess what, we’ve got our visas for a short-term visit to the UK this summer. ---How nice! You ______ a different culture then. (2010 福建卷) A. will be experiencing B. have experienced C. have been experiencing D. will have experienced 92. If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring, you ______ fresh watermelon in the fall. (2010 浙江卷) A. eat B. would eat C. have eaten D. will be eating 93. For many years, people _ electric cars, but making them has been more difficult than predicted. (2010 浙江) A. had dreamed of B. have dreamed of C. dreamed of D. dream of 94. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he _____. (2010 安徽卷) A. was busy B. is busy C. had been busy D. will be busy 95. ---Were you surprised by the ending of the film? ---No. I ______ the book, so I already knew the story. (2010 安徽卷) A. was reading B. had read C. am reading D. have read 96. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the “r” sounds at the end of the words _____. (2010 北京卷) A. are dropped B. drop C. are being dropped D. have dropped 97. ---I’m sorry, but I don’t quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? ---Sorry, I ______ myself clear. We want to return on October 20. (2010 北京卷) A. hadn’t made B. wouldn’t make C. don’t make D. haven’t made 98. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they _____ for me. (2010 北京卷) A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing 99. I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone _____ it. Was it you? (2010 湖南卷) A. has done B. had done C. would do D. will do 100. I walked slowly through the market, where people _____ all kinds of fruits and vegetables. I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. (2010 湖南卷) A. sell B. were selling C. had sold D. have sold 101. I’m tired out. I ______ all afternoon and I don’t seem to have finished anything. (2010 湖南卷) A. shopped B. have shopped C. had shopped D. have been shopping 102. I have to see the doctor because I _____ a lot lately. (2010 陕西卷) A. have been coughing B. had coughing C. coughed D. cough 103. It is reported that many a new house _____ at present in the disaster area. (2010 陕西卷) A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 104. Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who ____ evening dress. (2010 全国卷二) A. wear B. wears C. has worn D. have worn 105. Excuse me. I _____ I was blocking your way. (2010 全国卷二) A. didn’t realize B. don’t realize C. haven’t realize D. wasn’t realizing 106. The book has been translated into thirty languages since it _____ on the market in 1973. (2010 重庆卷) A. had come B. has come C. came D. comes 107. The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building __ now. (2010 重庆) A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remaining 108. ---Why do you want to work for our company? ---This is the job that I _____ for. (2010 重庆卷) A. looked B. am to look C. had looked D. have been looking 109. ---When shall we restart our business? ---Not until we _____ our plan. (2010 四川卷) A. will finish B. are finishing C. are to finish D. have finished 110. You’ve failed to do what you _____ to and I’m afraid the teacher will blame you. (2010 四川卷) A. will expect B. will be expected C. expected D. were expected




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