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高级句式


How to Improve Your Composition?

你校同学进行一场关于高考英语听力测试的讨论。讨论 的主题是,高考英语测试中的听力部分该不该取消, 请你根据下表的提示写一篇短文,介绍讨论的情况。
一些同学认为 1.不应该取消 2.听是学习语言基本技能 之一,不能忽视 3.听是获取信息的重要途 径之一 4. 国际合作日益增多, 听说

能力应加强 另一些同学认为 1. 应该取消 2. 考试中各地收听效果好 坏不一,不公平 3. 英语教师和语音设备城 乡差异太大 4.今后并非人人都要与外 国人口头交流

Passage one

Passage two

近年高考英语写作高分卷的五大特点

行文逻辑科学,条理性好; 巧用过渡词汇,逻辑性强; 巧用高级词汇和复杂句式,文章品味高; 妙用变通式表达,文章错落有致; 书写规范工整,整体效果好。

Passage two

火眼金睛
1.

Which one is better? Why?

(A) She always sings while doing her work. (状从省略) (B) She always sings when she does her work. (A)

After everything was finished, they began to chat with the elderly people.

2.
(B) With everything finished, they began to chat with the elderly people. (with复合结构)

3.

(A) If you study hard, you will make rapid progres

(B) Study hard, and you will make rapid progress. (祈使句+ and)

To his surprise, the little girl knows so many (A) things. 4.

(B) What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things. (名词性从句)

(A)

5.

I passed the English exam because of your help.

(B) I would have passed the English exam but

for your help.
(虚拟语气)

概括总结 What are complex sentences:

1.尽量采用三类从句。
2.变换句式 如祈使句,倒装句,省略句。 3.非谓语, 强调句,虚拟句及其他句式。

即时练习 使用上述润色技巧, 合并或改写下列句子。 1. I realized the importance of English when I entered senior high school.(强调 句) 1. It was when I entered senior high school that I realized the importance of English.

2. We can live a happy life only by this means.(倒装) 2. Only by this means can we live a happy life.

3. He fell asleep. The lights were still on. (with结构) 3. He fell asleep with the lights on.

4. When I heard that, I was much moved.(非谓语动词) 4. Hearing that, I was much moved.
5. He offered me a piece of advice that I should cheer up and start all over again. (what引导的主语从句) 5. What he offered me was a piece of advice that I should cheer up and start all over again.

熟能生巧

Translate the sentences

1. 通过使用网络与家人联系是很方便的(it 做形式主语) It is convenient to keep in touch with your family by using the Internet. 2.我们所需要做的 是冷静下来,反思我们的学习方法。
What we need to do is to calm down and reflect our learning method. 3. 只有以这种方式, 我们才能进步。(倒装)

(what引导主语从句)

Only in this way can we make progress.

4.我们对自己的态度才是最关键的。(强调句)

It is our attitude to ourselves that matters(accounts)

5.坐在一盘子粽子前,这个男孩不知道如何打开他们。 (unwrap) (非谓语)
Sitting before a plate of zongzi, the boy didn’t know how to unwrap them. 6.正如图中所示,爱就像黑暗中的一盏灯。
(定语从句)

As is shown in the picture, love is like a lamp in the dark.

Practice makes perfect
请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。 词数不少于50。 In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

between two closely-located In the picture, there is a big tree betweenbuildings the grows a big tree Unlike most trees, this one bends in buildings. sunshine the middle, and struggling strugglesto toget getmore more sunshine. those who succeed The picture reminds me of some people, andin unfavorable they succeed condition in bad condition. When they face Faced with difficulties difficulties, they never give up but try their best to find a way out. Life can be hard. But if we have the courage and determination, we will finally get the sunshine we want as the tree in the picture does.

第二节写作(满分30分) 假设你是李华,你的美国朋友Tom上个月来到北京学习。 七月份你将去北京参加暑期中学生英语演讲比赛(speech contest),你在资料搜集、语言运用等方面遇到了困难。请根据 以下 要点给Tom写一封电子邮件: 1.询问Tom的生活和学习情况; 2.谈谈你的困难并请Tom帮忙; 3.告诉Tom你打算赛后去看他。 注意:1.词数:120—150; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Tom,

How time flies! It You ina Beijing foryou a month. hasare been month since came to Beijing How is everything going on with your life and study now?
What excited me is Beijing that I will go to Beijing I am excited tomost go to

to attend an English speech contest to be held in summer holiday in July for middle school students. But unfortunately, I’m encountering many difficulties in collecting materials needed and I also have problems in the application of the language. I wonder if you really appreciate it your if you help. can help me with these difficulties. I I am grateful for
could help me.

Here is good news for you. I’ve decided to go to see you after the English speech contest. I am looking forward to seeing you. Best wishes to you and your parents!

? 请用五个句子把下面的信息表达完整。 ? 听到文川地震的消息后,李明很震惊。他决心要 帮助灾区有需要的人。他找到他的储钱罐(coin Practice makes perfect. bank) 。数一数钱,发现有 200 多块。手里揣着 所以的钱,他急忙跑去救助站(relief station), 把所以的钱都捐给灾区。李明不仅做了一件好事, 而且为班里的同学树立了一个好榜样。 ? (Try to use the skills we learn in this period.)
技巧一:使用非谓语动词作状语, 使句子简洁高档。 技巧三:尝试with 的复合结构。

技巧二:巧用倒装结构、强调句增强句子的表现力。

Practice makes perfect.
? After hearing the news of Wenchang Earthquake, Li Ming was very shocked. Determined to help those in need in the disaster areas, he found his coin bank. Counting all the money, he found that he had more than 200 yuan. With all the money in his hand, he rushed to the relief station and donate all his money to the disaster areas. Not only did Li Ming do a good job, but also set a good example for his class.


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