Unit 2 The United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth the Second 伊丽莎白二世女王
the UK America
Which country held the 30th Olympics
Capital city of Great Britain
Currency used in England Full name of the UK
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
rose of England
the Union Jack 英国国旗
Big Ben 大本钟
Oxford University 牛津大学
Cambridge University 剑桥大学
London Tower Bridge 伦敦塔桥
The River Thames 泰晤士河
Palace of Westminster/ Houses of Parliament
The British Airways London Eye
St Paul’s Cathedral
Royal Greenwich Observatory
Webminster Abbey, England 威布敏斯特修道院
Some cities in the United Kingdom Oxford
Let’s do a quiz.
1. How many countries does the UK consist of? C A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.
Northern Scotland Ireland
the United Kingdom England
2. How long does it take to fly from Beijing to London Heathrow Airport? A. About six hours. B. About ten hours. C. About sixteen hours. B
London Heathrow Airport
3. Who rules the country? B A. The Queen. B. The Prime Minister. C. Both.
David William Donald Cameron
4. What are the provinces called in England? A A. Counties. B. Departments. C. States.
5. Which is the longest river in England? B A. B.
The River Avon
The River Thames
The River Severn
6. Which is the national flag of the UK? A. B.
7. Which is the national flower of the UK? A. B.
8. Which is the national animal of the UK? A. B. B
C. Bald eagle秃鹰
PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY
Can you name the capital cities of the countries of the UK?
England Wales Scotland London
Belfast 贝尔法斯特 Cardiff 加迪夫
the UK = The United Kingdom consists of the four countries.
Northern Ireland Belfast Wales Scotland
England + Wales + Scotland + Northern Ireland
Cardiff Republic of Ireland London
What is the text mainly about?
A. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its development. B. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its culture. C. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its foundation and development based on geography, history, politics, and culture etc. Fast-Reading
Divide the passage into three parts and write down the main idea of each part.
Part 1 (Para 1-3) How the UK came into being? _____________________________ Part 2 (Para 4): England is divided into 3 zones. _____________________________ Part 3 (Para 5-6):
_______________________________ The cultural importance of London.
Careful reading: Part 1---the UK
Part 1---the UK
the United Kingdom
Later, Great Britain + Northern Ireland 17th century AD, England + Wales + Scotland
Great Britain England
the 13th century, England + Wales. first only England
How UK was formed
In the 13th century AD
Wales was linked to England in the 13th century AD.
Wales is usually assumed (被认为是) to be part of England.
England and Wales were joined to Scotland in 1603.
Get Ireland connected to form the United Kingdom.
The southern part of Ireland broke away to form its own government.
Only Northern Ireland joined with Britain to become the United Kingdom.
The Union Jack flag unites the flag of three countries in the United Kingdom, which country is left out? Why?
Wales, it is usually assumed to be part of England.
In what ways are the four countries different? They are different in international relations. They have different educational and legal systems as well as football teams.
England is the largest of the countries and it is divided into three zones.
the North of England the Midlands
the South of England
England is divided into 3 zones.
Most population settled in
___________________. the South of England
Most of the large industrial
cities are in
the North and the Midlands ____________________________.
Nationwide, many cities have football teams and are not large ____________________________.
? Why did capital London become the cultural center of England? There are a lot of historical treasure in London. ? Why are there so many historical treasures in London? London has been influenced by some invaders.
The greatest historical treasure in London:
Museums art collections buildings
In the England history, there has been four sets the Romans of invaders. They are: ___________, the Anglo-Saxons the Vikings the Normans _______________, ____________, ___________.
What did they leave?
towns and roads
Language and government
Influence the vocabulary and place-names of the North
Castles and words for food
Which group of the invaders did not influence London?
After reading: True of false?
1. The oldest castle in London was constructed
by Norman rulers in 1066. T
2. London has the oldest port built by the
Normans Romans in the 1st century AD. F
3. The oldest building in London was begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s. T 4. The first invaders Norman left their Romans
towns and roads.
5. The Vikings influenced the vocabulary
and place-names of the North of England. T
Complete the sentences.
England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Republic of Southern Ireland 1. The countries that make up Great Britain are __________________________. England, Wales and Scotland 2. If we speak of England we mean England and Wales __________________.
3. The United Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland and _____________________________
Northern Ireland _____________________. 4. The part of Ireland that separated from
England is called Republic of Southern Ireland ___________________________. 5. London is the capital city of England/Great Britain/the UK ____________________________.
Organization: Fill in the blanks.
In the 13th Century In the 17th Century
Contains ________, ______, England Wales Scotland and _______________. Northern Ireland
Wales England ______ was linked to ________. England ________ and Wales were joined Scotland to ________.
_________ Ireland broke away Southern and _________ Ireland joined Northern Some with ________ ,Wales and England time later ________. Thus _______ come Scotland the UK into being. largest the ______ of the four countries, England consists of the ______, ________ South Midlands and _____ of England North
the greatest ________ treasure of historical London all, has _________, art _________, museums collections theatres, parks and ________. buildings
The four Anglo-Saxons the Romans, ____________, groups of Vikings _______ and Normans. invaders
United The full name of England is the ________ Kingdom ________ of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England It consists of four parts, they are __________, Scotland Wales Northern Ireland __________, _________ and ________________. People always think ______ is a part of England. Wales The flag of the UK is called the __________ ______. Jack
The four countries have different __________ educational
and ______ _______ as well as different legal systems
_________ ______. ________ is the largest of the football teams England four countries and it is _______ ____ three parts. divided into South Most of the people settled in the ________, but most of the large industrial cities in the _________ and the North The capital of the ______. Midlands UK is ________, it has many great places of London interest.
In the history of the UK, there are some important invasions. Those invaders ruled the country for some time.
They brought pains to the local people, but at the same time, they also brought something new to the country, which is important for making up its history.
Is the invasion good or bad for Britain?
If we want to describe a country ,
what do we need to write about ?
location /size / population / people / language / weather / flower/ resource /history / culture
Possible answers: Location: Western Europe
area: About 240,000 sq km
Geography: Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland…
Literature: Shakespeare, Shelly, Charles Dickens…
population: About 6o million
Sports: Manchester United, Beckham, Owen…
climate: mild Language: English, Welsh, Scottish Ethnic groups:English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistanis, and other 2.8%
Task 1 According to the text, join lines to the right answer.
Para. 1. Para. 2. Para. 3. Explains the joining of England and Wales. States topic to be examined in the reading. Explains the importance of London as a cultural and political centre in the UK. Explains what the term “Great Britain” means and how it came about. Explains differences in the four countries. Explains how England is divided into three zones.
Para. 5. Para. 6.
Task 2 Answer the following questions:
1. When did Wales link to England? In the 13th century AD 2. What happened in 1603? Great Britain was the name given when England and Wales were joined to Scotland. 3. What are the names of the flags of England, Scotland, Ireland and the UK? See under the Flag. Look at Flag of United Kingdom
Why do you know the flag called the Union Jack?
Flag of United Kingdom
Cross of St George聖喬治 旗 (England)
Cross of St Andrew聖安 德魯旗 (Scotland)
Cross of St. Patrick's (Ireland)
「Union Jack」or 「Union Flag」
1 Finish Comprehending 1 and 2 Answer the questions 1. The Union Jack flag unites the three flags of three countries in the United Kingdom. Which country is left out? Why? The country left out is Wales. It is usually _______________________________________ assumed to be part of England. ________________________________
2. What three countries does British Airways represent? England 2. ________ Scotland 1.______ Northern Ireland 3. __________ 3. Which group of invaders did not influence London? The Vikings. They only influenced the vocabulary and the place names of the North.
? North :
Leeds, York, Sheffield, Manchester ? Midlands: Coventry, Birmingham
? South: Reading, London, Brighton, Plymouth
Does England, Britain or the Great Britain mean the same as the UK? If not, tell the difference between them?
Task 4. Mind Map
Part 1: About the UK Paragraph 1 -4
Paragraph 1 Parts of UK Paragraph 2 How do England and Wales come Paragraph 3 How do Britain and UK come Paragraph 4 Administration of UK
Paragraph 5 The geographical division of England, the similarities and differences Paragraph 6 The cultural of London
Part 2: About England
Paragraph 5 Part 2: About London Paragraph 6
Task 5. What’s the writing style ?
The text is written in narrative style, which introduces to the learners how the UK was formed geographically and historically, mainly dealing with England and the other three countries, which not only work together as a union in many aspects but also develop their own administrative(行政的) systems. It also introduces the four invaders who influenced the UK language, place-names, vocabulary and system of government .
Task 6. Use the information to write a short summary of the passage:
The writer examines how the UK developed as an administrative unit. It shows how England is also divided into three zones. It explains why London became the cultural capital of England.
Do exercise 1& 2 on page 11.
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