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必修五 Unit 2 The United Kingdom-Reading[课件]


Unit 2 The United Kingdom

Queen Elizabeth the Second 伊丽莎白二世女王

the UK America

Europe Afica

Asia

Which country held the 30th Olympics

in 2012?

The UK

Capital city of Great Britain

London pounds

Currency used in England Full name of the UK
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

(大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国)

David Beckham

rose of England

the Union Jack 英国国旗

Big Ben 大本钟

Oxford University 牛津大学

Cambridge University 剑桥大学

London Tower Bridge 伦敦塔桥

The River Thames 泰晤士河

Buckingham Palace

Palace of Westminster/ Houses of Parliament

The British Airways London Eye

St Paul’s Cathedral

Royal Greenwich Observatory

Webminster Abbey, England 威布敏斯特修道院

Stonehenge

Some cities in the United Kingdom Oxford

Liverpool

Edinburgh

Birmingham

Let’s do a quiz.
1. How many countries does the UK consist of? C A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.
Northern Scotland Ireland

the United Kingdom England
Wales

2. How long does it take to fly from Beijing to London Heathrow Airport? A. About six hours. B. About ten hours. C. About sixteen hours. B

London Heathrow Airport

3. Who rules the country? B A. The Queen. B. The Prime Minister. C. Both.

Elizabeth Ⅱ

David William Donald Cameron

4. What are the provinces called in England? A A. Counties. B. Departments. C. States.

5. Which is the longest river in England? B A. B.
The River Avon
(4km)

The River Thames
(338km)

C.

The River Severn
(290km)

River Severn

6. Which is the national flag of the UK? A. B.

C.

C

7. Which is the national flower of the UK? A. B.

Cherry
C. Maple

Rose
B

8. Which is the national animal of the UK? A. B. B

Beaver 海狸

Redbreast 知更鸟

C. Bald eagle秃鹰

PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

Can you name the capital cities of the countries of the UK?
England Wales Scotland London
伦敦

Edinburgh 爱丁堡

Cardiff
加迪夫

Edinburgh
爱丁堡

Northland Ireland
Belfast
贝尔法斯特

Belfast 贝尔法斯特 Cardiff 加迪夫

London 伦敦

Geography
the UK = The United Kingdom consists of the four countries.
Northern Ireland Belfast Wales Scotland

England + Wales + Scotland + Northern Ireland

Edinburgh

England Dublin
Cardiff Republic of Ireland London

What is the text mainly about?
A. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its development. B. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its culture. C. A introduction to the United Kingdom about its foundation and development based on geography, history, politics, and culture etc. Fast-Reading

Divide the passage into three parts and write down the main idea of each part.
Part 1 (Para 1-3) How the UK came into being? _____________________________ Part 2 (Para 4): England is divided into 3 zones. _____________________________ Part 3 (Para 5-6):

_______________________________ The cultural importance of London.

Careful reading: Part 1---the UK

Great Britain

England

the UK

Part 1---the UK

the United Kingdom
Union Jack
Later, Great Britain + Northern Ireland 17th century AD, England + Wales + Scotland

Great Britain England

the 13th century, England + Wales. first only England

How UK was formed

Wales

England

In the 13th century AD

Wales was linked to England in the 13th century AD.

England
Wales is usually assumed (被认为是) to be part of England.

Scotland

In 1603

England and Wales were joined to Scotland in 1603.

Get Ireland connected to form the United Kingdom.

Ireland

The southern part of Ireland broke away to form its own government.

Northern Ireland

Only Northern Ireland joined with Britain to become the United Kingdom.

The Union Jack flag unites the flag of three countries in the United Kingdom, which country is left out? Why?

Wales, it is usually assumed to be part of England.

England

Scotland

Ireland

Union Jack

In what ways are the four countries different? They are different in international relations. They have different educational and legal systems as well as football teams.

Part 2England

England is the largest of the countries and it is divided into three zones.
the North of England the Midlands

the South of England

Part 2England

England is divided into 3 zones.

Most population settled in

___________________. the South of England
Most of the large industrial

cities are in
the North and the Midlands ____________________________.

Nationwide, many cities have football teams and are not large ____________________________.

Part 3--London
? Why did capital London become the cultural center of England? There are a lot of historical treasure in London. ? Why are there so many historical treasures in London? London has been influenced by some invaders.

The greatest historical treasure in London:
Museums art collections buildings

parks

theatres

ports

castles

invaders

Para 5--Invaders
In the England history, there has been four sets the Romans of invaders. They are: ___________, the Anglo-Saxons the Vikings the Normans _______________, ____________, ___________.

What did they leave?

Romans:
towns and roads

Anglo-Saxons:
Language and government

the Vikings:
Influence the vocabulary and place-names of the North

the Normans:
Castles and words for food

Which group of the invaders did not influence London?
The Vikings

They left…

After reading: True of false?
1. The oldest castle in London was constructed
by Norman rulers in 1066. T

2. London has the oldest port built by the
Normans Romans in the 1st century AD. F
Para5

3. The oldest building in London was begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s. T 4. The first invaders Norman left their Romans

towns and roads.

F

5. The Vikings influenced the vocabulary

and place-names of the North of England. T

Complete the sentences.
England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland Republic of Southern Ireland 1. The countries that make up Great Britain are __________________________. England, Wales and Scotland 2. If we speak of England we mean England and Wales __________________.

3. The United Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland and _____________________________

Northern Ireland _____________________. 4. The part of Ireland that separated from
England is called Republic of Southern Ireland ___________________________. 5. London is the capital city of England/Great Britain/the UK ____________________________.

Organization: Fill in the blanks.
UK
In the 13th Century In the 17th Century

Contains ________, ______, England Wales Scotland and _______________. Northern Ireland
Wales England ______ was linked to ________. England ________ and Wales were joined Scotland to ________.

_________ Ireland broke away Southern and _________ Ireland joined Northern Some with ________ ,Wales and England time later ________. Thus _______ come Scotland the UK into being. largest the ______ of the four countries, England consists of the ______, ________ South Midlands and _____ of England North

the greatest ________ treasure of historical London all, has _________, art _________, museums collections theatres, parks and ________. buildings
The four Anglo-Saxons the Romans, ____________, groups of Vikings _______ and Normans. invaders

Summary:
United The full name of England is the ________ Kingdom ________ of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England It consists of four parts, they are __________, Scotland Wales Northern Ireland __________, _________ and ________________. People always think ______ is a part of England. Wales The flag of the UK is called the __________ ______. Jack

The four countries have different __________ educational

and ______ _______ as well as different legal systems
_________ ______. ________ is the largest of the football teams England four countries and it is _______ ____ three parts. divided into South Most of the people settled in the ________, but most of the large industrial cities in the _________ and the North The capital of the ______. Midlands UK is ________, it has many great places of London interest.

In the history of the UK, there are some important invasions. Those invaders ruled the country for some time.

They brought pains to the local people, but at the same time, they also brought something new to the country, which is important for making up its history.

Is the invasion good or bad for Britain?

If we want to describe a country ,
what do we need to write about ?
location /size / population / people / language / weather / flower/ resource /history / culture

Possible answers: Location: Western Europe
area: About 240,000 sq km
Geography: Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland…

Literature: Shakespeare, Shelly, Charles Dickens…

population: About 6o million
Sports: Manchester United, Beckham, Owen…

climate: mild Language: English, Welsh, Scottish Ethnic groups:English 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistanis, and other 2.8%

Task 1 According to the text, join lines to the right answer.
Para. 1. Para. 2. Para. 3. Explains the joining of England and Wales. States topic to be examined in the reading. Explains the importance of London as a cultural and political centre in the UK. Explains what the term “Great Britain” means and how it came about. Explains differences in the four countries. Explains how England is divided into three zones.

Para. 4.
Para. 5. Para. 6.

Task 2 Answer the following questions:
1. When did Wales link to England? In the 13th century AD 2. What happened in 1603? Great Britain was the name given when England and Wales were joined to Scotland. 3. What are the names of the flags of England, Scotland, Ireland and the UK? See under the Flag. Look at Flag of United Kingdom

Why do you know the flag called the Union Jack?
Flag of United Kingdom

Cross of St George聖喬治 旗 (England)

Cross of St Andrew聖安 德魯旗 (Scotland)

第一面米字旗

Cross of St. Patrick's (Ireland)
「Union Jack」or 「Union Flag」

現在的米字旗

Task 3
1 Finish Comprehending 1 and 2 Answer the questions 1. The Union Jack flag unites the three flags of three countries in the United Kingdom. Which country is left out? Why? The country left out is Wales. It is usually _______________________________________ assumed to be part of England. ________________________________

2. What three countries does British Airways represent? England 2. ________ Scotland 1.______ Northern Ireland 3. __________ 3. Which group of invaders did not influence London? The Vikings. They only influenced the vocabulary and the place names of the North.

? North :
Leeds, York, Sheffield, Manchester ? Midlands: Coventry, Birmingham

? South: Reading, London, Brighton, Plymouth

Does England, Britain or the Great Britain mean the same as the UK? If not, tell the difference between them?

Task 4. Mind Map
Part 1: About the UK Paragraph 1 -4

Paragraph 1 Parts of UK Paragraph 2 How do England and Wales come Paragraph 3 How do Britain and UK come Paragraph 4 Administration of UK
Paragraph 5 The geographical division of England, the similarities and differences Paragraph 6 The cultural of London

Part 2: About England
Paragraph 5 Part 2: About London Paragraph 6

Task 5. What’s the writing style ?
The text is written in narrative style, which introduces to the learners how the UK was formed geographically and historically, mainly dealing with England and the other three countries, which not only work together as a union in many aspects but also develop their own administrative(行政的) systems. It also introduces the four invaders who influenced the UK language, place-names, vocabulary and system of government .

Task 6. Use the information to write a short summary of the passage:
The writer examines how the UK developed as an administrative unit. It shows how England is also divided into three zones. It explains why London became the cultural capital of England.

Do exercise 1& 2 on page 11.


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