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7B Unit 1 Dream homes


Unit 1


Unit 1

Dream homes

一、语音 1.单词重读 `palace `capital `balcony `cushion `wooden `over `ladder `quiet `friendly `cupboard `bookshelf `shower `wardrobe `basin `opposite `printer `tidy `seventy `ninety `thousand `million `seventh `second `twentieth `bathroom `mirror `message `swimming pool a`bove be`low con`ditioner six`teen nine`teen seven`teen ar`rive ex`am e`leventh 2.不完全爆破 the bun(k) beds I can’ (t) wai(t) to see you. My favori(te) place is the balcony. The flat is no(t) very large bu(t) we have a nice sitting room. 3.句子重音和语调 Would you `like to `live in a `palace,↗Eddie? No, I’d `like to `live next to a ↘restaurant. Does `Kate `have any↗toys? `Where are Kate’s ↘clothes? 二、词汇 4.单词 capital, beach, sea, town, wooden, over, climb, ladder, quiet, rain, while, street, share, lie, friendly, above, grow, most, bookshelf, shower, lamp, bath, chalk, below, printer, shelf, top, tidy, sixteen, seventeen, nineteen, seventy, ninety, thousand, million, arrive, seventh, sixth, come, exam, second, third, fourth, fifth, ninth, eleventh, twelfth, twentieth, sound, bathroom, afraid, still, message. 5.词组 bunk beds 双层床 football pitch /field 足球场 sitting room 起居室,客厅 beautiful and quiet 美丽而安静的 dining room 餐厅 in the centre of Moscow 在莫斯科中心 in front of 在……的前面 in a town near London 在伦敦附近的镇上 air conditioner 空调 a busy street 一条繁华的街道 at least 至少 in front of the wardrobe 在衣柜前面 ground floor 一楼 on the shelf 在架子上 swimming pool 游泳池 opposite the air conditioner 在空调对面 三、日常用语 Where would you like to live?你愿意住在什么地方? I live in the centre of Moscow. 我住在莫斯科中心。 That sounds great.那听起来好极了。 May I speak to Neil, please?我能找内尔听电话吗? 四、语法: 数词——基数词和序数词的区别 1.表示数目的词叫基数词。最常用的基数词有: 1—one,2—two,3—three,4—four,5—five,6—six,7—seven,8—eight,9—nine,10—ten, 11—eleven,12—twelve,13—thirteen,14—fourteen,15—fifteen,16—sixteen,17—seventeen, 18—eighteen,19—nineteen,20—twenty,30—thirty,40—forty,50—fifty,60—sixty, 70—seventy,80—eighty,90—ninety,100—a hundred,1000—a thousand。 2.表示顺序的数词称为序数词。序数词一般以与之相应的基数词加词尾 th 构成。如: tenth(第十)。但下面这些基数词在变为序数词时,有特别的地方: ①one—first, two—second, three—third, five—fifth, eight—eighth, nine—ninth, twelve—twelfth. ②以-ty 结尾的词,要先变 y 为 i,再加-eth。例如: twenty—twentieth, forty—fortieth。 ③以 one, two, three, five, eight, nine 收尾的多位数词,要照第一条办法变。例如: twenty-one—twenty-first, twenty-two—twenty-second, thirty-five—thirty-fifth, ninety-nine—ninety-ninth a hundred and fifty-three—hundred and fifty-third 序数词主要用作定语,前面要加定冠词。例如: This is the first public performance of the play. 这是该剧的首次公演。 【注意】在谈到编号的东西时,通常用序数词。例如: the first part 第一部分 the twenty-third section 第二十三章 也可以用基数词来表示(这时名词要放在基数词之前,名词和基数词都要大写): the first part 第一部分→Part One the twenty-third section 第二十三章→Section Twenty-third 如果数字较长,序数词总避免使用,例如: 第 201 号房间:Room 201 第 319 面:Page 319 第一拖拉机厂:the Number I Tractor Works


Unit 1

第六号车厢:Carriage No.6 第七路公共汽车:Bus Number Seven 【知识讲解】 1.dream 名词,“梦;梦想”,在句中作宾语或主语。例如: I had a strange dream last night.昨晚我做了个奇怪的梦。 Our dream will come true one day.我们的梦想总有一天会实现。 动词,“做梦;梦到”,在句中作谓语。例如: They often dream of their hometown. 他们经常梦见家乡。 I never dreamed that you were here.我做梦也没想到你在这儿。 本文的 dream 是名词作定语,“理想的,梦想的”。例如: This is my dream home.这是我理想的家园。 Are you living in a dream world? 你生活在梦幻世界吗? 2.Would you like to live in a palace?你愿意住在宫殿? would like sth./to do sth.“想要某物/做某事”。例如: He would like some fruit.他想要一些水果。 I’d like to have a rest.我想要休息一下。 Would you like to show me your new camera? 你愿意把你的新照相机给我看看吗? —Would you like to go to the cinema this evening? 今晚你想去电影院吗? —I’d like to.想。 would like sb. to do sth.“想要某人做某事”。例如: I’d like you to meet my parents.我想要你见见我父母。 Would you like him to help your daughter with her English? 你想要他帮你女儿学英语吗? 3.I’d like to live next to a restaurant.“ 我愿意住在饭馆隔壁”。 next to 固定词组,“相邻,隔壁,在……旁边,紧靠……”,例如: Lucy sits next to Lily.露西坐在李莉隔壁。 —Where’s the bookshop? —It’s next to the post office. —书店在哪儿?—就在邮局隔壁(旁边)。 4.We sit on the big floor cushions and look out at the beach and the sea . 我们坐在大的地板垫子上,眺望着海滩和大海。 ①look out at “眺望”,在句中作谓语。例如: She often looks out at the birds in class. 她经常在上课时看外面的鸟。 ②look out “小心,朝外看”。例如: Look out! A bus is coming.小心,有辆车过来了。 Look out for the thieves. 当心贼。 Look out of the window. 朝窗外看。 5.The house is over a river.“房子在河上面”。 ①over 介词,“在……正上方”,例如: There is a plane flying over the city.有一架飞机在城市上空飞行。 The workers built another bridge over the Huangpu River. 工人们在黄浦江上又建了一座桥。 ②over= more than “超过,多于”。例如: I stayed in London for over a month last year. 去年我在伦敦呆了一个多月。 The trees there are over 20 metres tall.那儿的树二十多米高。 ③over “越过”。例如: He can climb over the wall easily. 他能很容易地翻过围墙。 6.I climb a ladder to get into my house. 我爬上梯子进入我家。 to get into my house 动词不定式,在句中作目的状语。 to get into=to enter“进入”。例如: I got into the post office and bought some stamps yesterday. 昨天我进入了邮局,买了几张邮票。 7.I do not have my own bedroom.我没有自己的卧室。 own 形容词,“自己的”,在句中作定语,修饰后面的名词。例如: Many people go to work in their own cars.许多人开着自己的车上班。 I saw it with my own eyes.我亲眼看见的。 还可以作名词,“自己的东西”,在句中作表语、宾语。例如: This blue bike is his own.这辆蓝色的自行车是他自己的。 His son has a family of his own.他的儿子有了自己的家庭。 还可以作= have,“拥有”,在句中作谓语。例如: Jim’s grandfather owns a beautiful car.吉姆的爷爷有一辆美丽的小汽车。 8.My family and I often sit in the kitchen while my mother makes dinner. 当我妈妈烹饪时,我和家里人经常坐在厨房。 ①My family and I,英语中当第一“我”和其它名词并列主语时,通常把“我”放在最后。例如: Li Lei, Jim and I are going to the zoo on Sunday morning. 我和李雷、吉姆准备星期天早晨去动物园。


Unit 1

②while 引导时间状语从句, 意为“在……期间”“在……时”, 常表示一段较长的时间或一个过程,强调主句的动词和从句的动 词所表示的动作或状态是同时发生的,此从句中通常用进行时态, 动词通常用延续性动词。例如: Please keep quiet while others are studying. 在别人学习的时候,请保持安静。 9.I share a bedroom with my sister.我和我姐姐合用一个卧室。 share 动词,“分享,合用”,在句中作谓语。可以固定词组 share …with/between…“与…分享…”。例如: We share a bedroom between us.我们俩合用一个卧室。 He will share the cost with you.他将与你分摊费用。 The boy shares the toys with other children.那男孩和别的孩子一起玩玩具。 10.We often listen to music in our bedroom.我们经常在卧室听音乐。 listen to“听”,指听信或听从别人所说的话。例如: Listen to the teacher carefully in class. 课堂上要仔细听老师上课。 hear 及物动词,“听”,指听到声音,并不表示注意听,强调听到的结果。例如: Do you hear somebody knocking at the door? 你听到有人在敲门吗? 11.Our neighbors are friendly and we are happy here.我们邻居友好,我们在这儿很幸福。 friendly 形容词,“友好的”,在句中作表语。固定词组为 be friendly to /with…“对…友好”。例如: He is very friendly to his neighbors.他对邻居很友好。 We should be friendly to each other.我们应当彼此友好。 12.I can’t wait to see you.我急着要见你。 can’t wait to do sth. “迫不及待地做某事”。例如: My brother can’t wait to see his friend.我弟弟迫不及待地想见到他朋友。 She couldn’t wait to open the present 她迫不及待地打开礼物。 wait for sb.“等某人”。例如: He is waiting for the bus.他在等公交车。 Does your mother often wait for you at the gate? 你妈妈经常在门口等你吗? wait to do sth “等着做某事”。例如: They are all waiting to buy the tickets.他们都在等着买票。 wait for sb. to do sth.“等某人做某事”。例如: I’m waiting for you to decide.我在等你作决定。 13. That sounds great, Simon.西蒙,那听起来好极了。 sound“听起来”,是连系动词,后面要跟形容词作表语。例如: This piece of music sounds beautiful.这首音乐听起来很美。 Your idea sounds great.你的主意听起来很好。 14. May I speak to Neil, please?我能找内尔听电话吗? May I speak to ……?“我找……?”这是打电话的习惯用语。类似的还有: This is …(speaking).“我是……。” Is that …..?“你是……吗?” Who is that(speaking)? “你是谁?” 15. Please ask him to call me. 请叫他给我打电话。 call sb./sp.“打电话给某人/到某地”。 call on sb./at sp.“拜访某人/到某地”。例如: I called his home last night.我昨晚打电话到他家。 I called at his home.我去了他家。 He called me from Wuhan 他从武汉打电话给我。 He called on me from Wuhan. 他从武汉来看我。 call /ring sb.(up)= give sb. a call/ring = make a phone call to sb. “给某人打电话”。 call sb.back “给某人回电”。 【练习检测】 一、单词辩音:(选出划线部分一个与众不同的选项) ( )1. A. bathroom B. exam C. palace D. ladder ( )2. A. sixth B. climb C. dining D. sink ( )3. A. thousand B. shower C. grow D. ground ( )4. A. above B. front C. come D. over ( )5. A. ready B. least C. dream D. beach 二.英汉词组互译: 6. take a message 11. 看漫画书 7. 与…合用一个盆 12. in the sitting-room 8. the Summer Palace 13. 在讲台上方 9. 在碗橱和冰箱之间 14. chat with friends 10. beautiful and quiet cities 15. 对邻居友好 三. 写出下列数词: 16.365 17.第三十八


Unit 1

18.1987 22. 6,897,124 19.第二十九 23.第八十三 20.10,695 24. 1,400,462,156 21.第四十 25.第一百 四. 用适当的介词填空,每空一词: 26.Millie sits ____ _______ _____ me. 31.The bridge is ____ the river. 27.Amy sits ______ Millie and Simon. 32. Would you like to share the room _____ her brother? 28.Kitty sits____ ______ Sandy. 33. They like chatting ______ each other _____lunchtime. 29.The window is _____ the door. 34.The girl is waiting _______ the bus stop. 30.The chalk is ______ the teacher’s desk. 35. Don’t look ____ _____ the window in class. 五.根据汉语完成下列各句(每空一词): 36. 你想要喝杯茶吗? _____ you ______ _______ ________ a cup of tea? 37. 太阳、月亮、地球哪个最大? ________ _______ ________ _________, the sun, the moon or the earth? 38. 米莉最喜欢的季节是春天。_______ ________ _________ is spring. 39. 谁是这家工厂的主人? Who is ______ _______ of the ________? 40. 你旁边的男孩是凯特的弟弟。The ______ _______ _______ _______ is Kate’s brother. 六.阅读理解: It is Sunday morning. Mr Brown and his child, Bill, are in a big shop. Mr Brown wants to buy a new dress for Mrs Brown. Bill likes oranges. So his father buys twenty oranges for him, too. Bill wants some picture books and colour pencils, too. There are many things and many people in the shop. They are men and women, old and young. They all want to buy something there. The people in the shop are friendly. 1.What day is it? ________. A. It’s Sunday B. It’s Saturday. C. It’s Friday. D. It’s Thursday. 2.Who does Bill go to the shop with? ______. A. Bill goes with his mother. B. Bill goes with his friend C. Bill goes with his teacher. D. Bill goes with his father. 3. What does Mr Brown want to buy for Mrs Brown? A. Some oranges. B. Some picture books C. Some colour pencils D. A new dress. 4. How many oranges do they buy? ________. A. Two B. Twelve C. Twenty D. Two bags. 5. How are the people in the shop ? ________. A. They are boring. B. They are unhappy. C. They are tired D. They are friendly 【参考答案】 一. 单词辩音: 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. A 二.英汉词组互译: 6. 带口信 11. read comic books 7. share a basin with… 12. 在起居室 8. 颐和园 13. above the teacher’s desk 9. between the cupboard and the fridge 14. 与朋友聊天 10. 美丽而安静的城市 15. be friendly to the neighbours 三. 写出下列数词: 16.three hundred and sixty-five 17.thirty-eighth 18.one thousand nine hundred and eighty-seven 19.twenty-ninth 20.ten thousand six hundred and ninety-five 21.fortieth 22. six million, eight hundred and ninety-seven thousand, one hundred and twenty-four 23.eighty-third 24.one billion, four hundred million, four hundred and sixty-two thousand one hundred and fifty- six 25.one hundredth 四. 用适当的介词填空,每空一词: 26.in front of “在……前面”。 31.over “在……正上方”。 27.between “在……之间”。 32. with “和……一起”。 28.next to “相邻,隔壁,在……旁边,紧靠……”。 33. with , at “和……一起”;“在吃午饭时”。 29.opposite “在……对面”。 34.at “在公共汽车站”。 30.on “在……上面”。 35. out of “朝窗外看”。 五.根据汉语完成下列各句(每空一词): 36. Would , like to have/drink 39. the owner , factory 37. Which is the biggest 40. boy next to you 38. Millie’s favourite season 六.阅读理解: 41.A 今天是星期天。 44.C 他们买了二十个桔子。 42.D 比尔和他父亲一起去的。 45.D 他们很友好。 43.D 布朗先生要为布朗太太买一件新裙子。


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