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The African-American
Martin Luther King


1808, there was a ban on the import of slaves. The prohibition(禁令) was in vein because the trade continued. 1863,

the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Lincoln officially ended slavery. However, the proclamation could not instantly transform attitudes of many citizens or the legacy of a country that had considered African Americans as less than human. 1865, the Emancipation Proclamation was confirmed by the 13th amendment (修改)of the Constitution which outlawed slavery and involuntary servitude

1896, Plessey v. Ferguson established a policy of separate but equal accommodations for African Americans. 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation(隔离) in public schools was unconstitutional(违反宪法的). It was an important step in initiating integration.

The Civil Rights Act of 1957 protected the freedom of African Americans to vote.

1960, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation was illegal in interstate bus and train stations. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbade discrimination in public places and it is also established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), a U.S. government agency that takes employment discrimination complaints to court, in an effort to enforce laws that prohibit job discrimination. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 suspended the use of voter qualification tests, creating a sharp increase in black voter registration. These tests had been used to disqualify African Americans from their voting rights.


? In 1929,Martin Luther King Jr was born in Atlanta. ? In a small huose,his father was a chaplain(教会牧师),and mother was a teacher.

? In 1944,he was 15,he entered

Morehouse college,and then , he acquireed a bachelor.


?In 1951,Martin Luther

King Jr acquired Crozertheological seminary (柯罗泽神学院).

?In 1953,Martin Luther

King Jr married Coretta Scott.



? In 1954, Martin Luther

King Jr became a prayer of Alabama montgomery dexter avenue baptist church (阿拉巴马 州蒙哥马利的德克斯特大街侵信会)


In 1955, Martin Luther King Jr acquired doctor's degree of Boston



He became well known foe his efforts of equal justice for black Americans. Dr king wanted equal treatment for all people.He was against people being judged because of the color of their skin


Nobel Peace Prize
At the age of thirty five(1964),Martin luther king,jr.,was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection,he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

阿拉巴马州蒙哥马利市是南北战争期间美利坚联盟 国的首都,也是实施种族隔离制的代表性城市之一。 马丁·路德·金博士于1954年到该市担任牧师工作, 1955年成功带领该市黑人公民,以全面罢乘反对公 共汽车上的黑白隔离措施。经过一年长期抗争,终 于迫使蒙哥马利市的公共汽车取消种族隔离措施。 这次的罢乘公共汽车运动虽然成效有限,虽然未达 全面性废除种族隔离措施,但对全美各地的黑人却 起了鼓舞作用,并启发他们的灵感,开始一波波争 取民权的运动


运动的高峰是在1963年8月,金博士在华盛顿的林肯纪念 馆前广场聚集了25万名群众,并发表他著名的演说《我有 一个梦想》,这次集会所产生的舆论压力受到联邦政府的 关注,终于迫使国会在翌年通过1964年民权法案,宣布种 族隔离和歧视政策为非法,并赋予黑人拥有选举权,这成 为美国民权运动史的关键事件。金博士在演说中指出百年 前林肯总统虽解放了黑奴,但黑人平等的公民权在南方却 从未获落实,直到金博士领导民权运动才获得成功,1960 年代美国民权运动兴起,对其社会及留学生有很大影响, 当时对少数民族及妇女的权力均受到重视,开拓了新的视 野,金博士也因此获颁1964年诺贝尔和平奖。由于当时执 政的民主党支持民权运动,原是民主党坚定支持者的南方 白人不少转向共和党


到1967年,金博士在北方深刻体会,黑人及其他人 种的各种形式的歧视除了南方外,北方也遭到歧视, 黑人在美国社会的饱受歧视,绝大部份是因为经济 不平等所引起,经济权才是实质、才是根本原因, 公民权只是装饰。于是,他将公民权的斗争转为经 济权的斗争,发起“穷人运动”(Poor People's Campaign)。


i am Martin Luther King Jr

some pictures


There are many famous African-Americans





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