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非谓语动词在写作中的应用


The beauty of writing

“Reading makes a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact ______man.” --Francis Bacon
阅读使人充实,交谈使人机智, 写作使人精确。
--培根

阅卷老师喜欢的句


? 使用分词短语(非谓语动词) 、 ? 同位语结构、with复合结构, 使文章简洁、通顺;尽量使用 动词短语和词组、定语从句等 复合句,修辞润色文章。

Non- finite Verbs in writing
非谓语动词在写作中的应用

Enjoy a writing
? 例文(12):
? Getting back what you have lost would be an unforgettable experience. Last Monday, I lost my expensive cellphone, on which my name was inscribed(刻). Fortunately, it was returned. ? That morning, I rushed out of my house and jumped into a taxi, for I would be late for the final examination. On arriving at school, I headed to my classroom quickly, not noticing that I had left my cellphone on the back seat.

? ? ? ?

When the exam ended, to my great surprise, I found the driver waiting at the 2012年湖南省高考考试说明(写作) over to school gate.dohanded think of it? He you the phone What 考生应能 me, wearing a smile on his face. So touched was I that tears rolled down my (1)清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思; cheeks. (2)有效应用所学语言知识。 ? From this story, I am firmly convinced of the significance of honesty, which will contribute to building a warm and harmonious society.

?

高考链接
2012年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)
21. We’ve had a good start, but next, more work C needs _____ to achieve the final success. A. being done B. do C. to be done D. to do

B 23. Time, _____ correctly, is money in the bank. A. to use B. used C. using D. use
31. The lecture, _____ at 7:00 pm last night, was A followed by an observation of the moon with telescopes. A. starting B. being started C. to start D. to be started

Correction

写作中非谓语动词常见的错误

1. Seeing from the top of mountain, the city is beautiful .
Seen

2. In my opinion, climb mountain is an enjoyable thing. climbing 3. —Which team is good at cooking? —A team called itself the supper cook.
calling

Pick a picture and finish the task

make a sentence using nonfinite verbs

play music

make

happy

Playing music makes them happy.

Finish the sentence using nonfinite verbs

Interviewed by the reporter from CCTV, ___________
the man said he was very happy. (interview)

Follow the example and make a sentence.
e.g. Having finished my homework, I went

on to help my parents. listen to / burst out laughing

Having listened to the song called “Gangnam style”, we burst out laughing.

用非谓语结构改写和美化句子
? 1.因为在这国家没有朋友,她觉得要想找 到工作是不可能的。 用连词because Because she has no friend in the country, she found it impossible to find a job. 用非谓语结构 Having no friend in the country, she found it impossible to find a job.

用非谓语结构改写和美化句子
2.这本用简易英语写成的书很容易读懂 用定语从句 The book, which was written in simple English, is easy to understand.
用非谓语结构 The book , written in simple English, is easy to understand

用非谓语结构改写和美化句子

3. Moyan stood there and was surrounded by many reporters.



Moyan stood there surrounded by many reporters.

Compare
1. They arrived at the school. They felt the happy atmosphere.
Arriving at the school, they felt the happy atmosphere.

2. I am given another chance. I will succeed.
Given another chance, I will succeed.

3. He wants to improve his English. He studies harder.
To improve his English, he studies harder.

Have a try
1.When I was walking in the street , I saw him. Walking _____________ in the street , I saw him. 2.If you work hard, Working ________________hard , you will succeed. 3.Although he had failed many times , he didn’t lose heart. Having failed ________________many times , he didn’t lose heart. 4.As she was scolded by the teacher, the girl sat there without lifting her head. Scolded by the teacher ,the girl sat there without lifting _____________________ her head.

Have a try
5.When he left the classroom, he didn’t say goodbye to me. When leaving the classroom, he didn’t say goodbye to me. 6. Because he is ill, he can’t attend the meeting. Being ill, he can’t attend the meeting 7.The policeman saw the thief who was stealing a bike. The policeman saw the thief stealing a bike. 8. The boys who swam in the river were in danger. The boys swimming in the river were in danger 9.Because he hadn’t seen the film before, he went to the cinema. Not having seen the film before, he went to the cinema.

用非谓语结构改写和美化句子
4. 用非谓语结构合并下列句子 ① It is high time we took part in some activities. ② We want to make ourselves more healthy.

It is high time we took part in some activities to make ourselves more healthy.

用非谓语结构美化文章
Nowadays, some students often cheat in exams .It is popular among students who are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons. They cheat for they want to get higher marks so that they can be praised or even admired. Also, some students who work hard at their lessons will cheat in exams because they are afraid of failing in exams.

用非谓语结构美化文章
? Nowadays, some students often cheat in exams .It is popular among students who are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons.



? Nowadays, cheating in exams is popular among students who are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons.

用非谓语结构美化文章
They cheat for they want to get higher marks so that they can be praised or even admired.



They cheat to get higher marks so that they can be praised or even admired.

用非谓语结构美化文章
Also, some students who work hard at their lessons will cheat in exams because they are afraid of failing in exams.



Being afraid of failing in exams, some students who work hard at their lessons will also cheat in exams

用非谓语结构美化后的文章
Nowadays, cheating in exams is popular among students who are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons. They cheat to get higher marks so that they can be praised or even admired. Being afraid of failing in exams, some students who work hard at their lessons will also cheat in exams.

Having a try
高考临近,保持良好的心态有助于减轻 焦虑,还能增强克服困难的勇气 。 Step1:拆分成几个简单句(中文)
①高考临近。 (National College Entrance Examination)

②保持良好的心态很重要。 (have a right attitude)
③它有助于减轻焦虑(relax)和勇敢地克服困难。

Step2:分别翻译这几个简单句

①National College Entrance Examination is coming. ② It is important to have a right attitude. ③ It helps us to relax and overcome difficulties bravely.

Having a try
Step3:合并句子
① National College Entrance Examination is coming. ② It is important to have a right attitude.
③ It helps us to relax and overcome difficulties bravely.

Sentence1 : With National College Entrance Examination
coming, it is important to have a right attitude to relax and overcome difficulties bravely.

Having a try
Step3:合并句子
①College Entrance Examination is coming. ② It is important to have a right attitude. ③ It helps us to relax and overcome difficulties bravely.

Sentence2: With College Entrance Examination coming, it is important to have a right attitude which Tip: Try to use different helps us to relax and overcome difficulties ways to express. bravely.

Having a try
建议 有足够的睡眠是必要的。 necessary 1.它能有效的改善我们的课堂学习。

an effective way to improve our learning in the class.
原因 2.保持健康的身体是进一步学习及工作 的基础。

the base for our further study and work.
要求:1. 用2- 3句话表达表格内容 2. 2- 3句话要有连贯性(2011高考模拟)

Having a try
It is necessary to have enough sleep . 建议 有足够的睡眠是必要的。 Having enough sleep is necessary. It will be an effective way to improve our learning in the class. 1.它能有效的改善我们的课堂学习。

原因

Keeping healthy is the base for our further study and work. 2.保持健康的身体是进一步学习及工作 To Keep 的基础。 healthy is the base for our further study and work.

Having a try

Passage:
Having enough sleep is necessary,

because it will be an effective way to improve our learning in the class. Moreover, to keep healthy is the base for our further study and work.
Tip: Never ignore the conjunction.

Our Spring Outing
National College Entrance Examination is coming. To relax ourselves, our class had a meeting to discuss where to go for our spring outing. Having a barbecue is our choice. The next day, we set off early in the morning. We climbed the mountain, talking and laughing . When we arrived, we began to barbecue. Having had a big dinner, we enjoyed the warm sunshine and the beautiful view. We were tired but happy.

2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

C 21. The ability ___ an idea is as important as the idea itself. A. expressing B. expressed C. to express D. to be expressed
23. The players _____from the whole country are C expected to bring us honor in this summer game. A. selecting B. to select C. selected D. having selected C 29. Do you wake up every morning ____ energetic and ready to start a new day? A. feel B. to feel C. feeling D. felt

2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)
A 21. Listen! Do you hear someone for help? A. calling B. call C. to call D. called 26. Dina, C for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle
30. So far nobody has claimed the moneyA in the library. A. discovered B. to be discovered C. discovering D. having discovered

一.使用较高级词汇使文章增加吸引力 二. 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档 三. 巧用倒装增强句子表现力 ①强调句 ②With短语复合结构 ③定语从句 ④名词性从句(主宾表同从句) ⑤各种状语从句 ⑥被动语态

四. 尝试多 样化表达方 式


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