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甘肃省民乐一中2015-2016学年高二(4)部上学期第二次月考英语试卷 Word版含答案


民乐一中 2015—2016 学年第一学期高二(4)部第二次月考 英语试卷
命题人:甘学华 吴晓琳 杨秀琴 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分. 共 120 分,用时 100 分钟. 第Ⅰ卷(共两部分,共 70 分) 第一部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A A dog’s tail can tell you a lot more than you might think. Is it wagging (摇) to the left or is it wagging to the right? “The direction of tail wagging does in fact matter,”said Giorgio Vallortigara,a professor at the University of Trento in Italy. Professor Vallortigara finds that the way the tail is wagging can tell you a lot about a dog’s state of mind—whether you’re a human or another dog. What’s the difference between a left wag and a right wag?Professor Vallortigara and his colleagues have studied 43 dogs of various breeds — German Shepherds, Beagles, Boxers, Border Collies and some mutts. They find that if a dog wags its tail to the left. it’s feeling anxious or nervous. The reason could be an unfamiliar or dangerous situation,an unfamiliar person,or an unfamiliar and possibly threatening dog. But if the tail is wagging to the right,it means the dog is feeling relaxed and approachable. “The tail is a very important signal,”said Thomas Reimchen,a biologist at the University of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada. ”There is a lot of visual information that dogs use when communicating with each other. ” How did the scientists figure all this information out? They had the dogs in their study watch videotapes of other dogs. When the dog on the tape wagged its tail to the right,they say the other dogs remained calm and cool. But when the dog on the tape wagged its tail to the left,the other dogs got anxious. The researchers are still not exactly sure if the direction of tail wagging is something the dog

does consciously. They suspect that it might be something the dog does without even thinking about it — kind of like when you get goose bumps if something scares or startles you. They plan to do more research to get more information about what dogs are thinking and feeling while they’re wagging. As Reimchen said,“I'm not going to be surprised if we find all sorts of really interesting processes that nobody has ever seen before. ” 1. Professor Vallortigara’s study focused on the relationship between_________. A. a dog’s state of mind and its owner's feeling B. a dog’s state of mind and the direction of its tail wagging C. a dog’s sense of direction and its state of mind D. a dog’s intention of tail wagging and its feeling 2. According to the study,dogs which wag their tails to the left may feel_________. A. calm B. happy C. angry D. nervous

3. It is implied in Thomas Reimchen’s words in Paragraph 4 that___________. A. dogs’ tails play all important role in their growth B. dogs show their feelings only by wagging their tails C. dogs get to know others by watching tail wagging D. dogs can understand each other by repeating tail wagging 4. How does the passage mainly develop? A. By asking and analyzing questions C. By following the order of time B By the time I reached junior high,I was sure I wanted to be a nurse. If you didn’t study Latin, you couldn’t be a nurse, so I enrolled. Many Latin words were familiar to me. The hard part turned out to be the usage and creating sentences with the words that seemed so easy to pronounce. Several weeks into the course my teacher came to me, saying, “I think you should withdraw from this course. It seems to be too hard for you. ” That was the day I learned I wasn’t smart enough to become a nurse. With shame. I handed in my Latin textbook. After high school,the years raced by. I married and had children. Then one day my husband John came home. “Carol. Max died this afternoon. ”I looked at my husband with disbelief. B. By making comparisons D. By providing examples

John was touched by this tragedy. Finally one evening he said,“Carol,Jackie has never worked and now she’s alone with four children. I've been thinking — if anything happens to me. I want you to be able to take care of yourself and the children. Why don’t you think about what you’d like to do and get the training you’ll need to do it?” I signed up for the entrance exam for nursing programs. One day I received a letter from the schoo1. I wanted so badly to open it,but with my lack of confidence,I laid it on the kitchen counter saying,” I'm not in the mood for a rejection letter today. ” Finally I forced myself to open it. “Dear Carol,”I read. ”We are pleased to inform you that you successfully passed the entrance exam.” An insensitive teacher once stole my dream. If you have a dream, exhaust every effort to reach it. I’ve worked thirty years now as a nurse and I’ve never been more certain that this is what I was meant to be. 5. Why did John advise Carol to find a job? A. To support the family C. To live a more colorful life B. To be able to live independently D. To provide more money for her kids

6. From the text, we know what the teacher said____________. A. saved Carol from wasting her time C. destroyed Carol’s dream to be a nurse learning 7. After receiving the letter from the schoo1, Caro1____________. A. couldn’t wait to open it C. didn’t take it seriously at all 8. What may be the best title for the text? A. Too stupid to be a nurse C. Never too late to 1earn C Answering the Community Needs of Our City The Silver City Council recognizes that citizens have certain needs. To better meet your needs, we have made several changes to community facilities in 2014. The followings show how we have tried to make your life better. B. A dream too high to achieve D. A chance too important to miss B. had no mood to read it then D. was uncertain about the result B. helped Carol find her true interest D. encouraged Carol to be careful in

Transport ☆Three stations for the suburbs have been added to the western train service. ☆20 new buses for the southern line were purchased in January. ☆50 per cent of city bus-stops have been upgraded. Communication ☆Broadband cable is now available to all parts of the city. ☆All of the new Government buildings are smart-wired for better computer service! Medical Facilities ☆The new state-of-the-art Nightingale Hospital was opened in June. ☆To overcome a shortage of trained medical staff at Dover Hospital, 10 doctors have been employed from overseas. ☆Some facilities at Station Street Hospital have been upgraded. Education ☆Textbooks will be free to all primary students in 2014 ! ☆Rental for private schools has been reduced. Protection and Security ☆Extra police now patrol (巡逻 ) the tourist areas. ☆50 new police officers graduated in July and have taken up duties in the city area. Entertainment / Recreation ☆The new Central Community Building opened in May. ☆5,000 new fiction books were bought for the Silver City Library. 9. What is the purpose of the changes in Silver City? A. To satisfy all the needs of the citizens. B. To better the citizens’ life. C. To make public service upgraded. D. To meet the needs of the Silver City Council . 10. What’s the notice mainly about? A. The work carried out by the people of Silver City. City. C. Some improvements in Silver City. D. Information for interested tourists. B. The facilities available in Silver

11. The public notice is from_______. A. the community C. the Silver City Library D Information from the pioneer spacecraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) obviously proves the theory that the burning 900-degree Fahrenheit surface temperature of Venus is due to an atmospheric(大气的) greenhouse effect caused mainly by a blanket of carbon dioxide(二氧化碳). Such a greenhouse effect is created when energy in the form of sunlight easily passes through a planet’s atmosphere, warms its surface, and becomes heat radiation(辐射) that is then held in by the atmosphere. The orbiting spacecraft has collected Venus’ atmosphere from top to bottom so that NASA’s scientists are able to prove the exact amount of sunlight received at various places in the planet’s atmosphere and on its surface. Measurements of atmosphere, temperature, and radioactive heating foresee Venus’ surface temperature very exactly. The planet is closer to the Sun than is Earth, and it has a thin atmosphere like Earth’s, but Venus’ atmosphere is made up of more than ninety percent carbon dioxide, compared to less than four percent in that of Earth. Because of its higher percentage of carbon dioxide, Venus’ atmosphere receives much more heat radiation than the Earth does. Thus, the Venus studies are believed to be important to the understanding of possible bad effects on Earth’s agriculture and sea levels that could result from the long-term use of fuels, which add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. 12. Which of the following would be the most suitable title for the passage? A. A New Theory. B. Measuring Planetary Temperatures. C. The Journey of Pioneer Spacecraft. D. The Greenhouse Effect on Venus. 13. According to the passage, what happens to heat radiation on Venus? A. It disappears at the planet’s surface. B. It is received by the atmosphere. C. It creates energy. D. It is changed into other kinds of energy. 14. According to the passage, how does the atmosphere of Venus differ from that of Earth? B. the local government D. a travel agency

A. It contains much more carbon dioxide. B. It holds much less water. C. It is four percent thinner. D. It receives less heat radiation. 15. From the passage it can be considered that the burning of fuels on Earth may cause _____. A. more carbon dioxide to enter sea water B. more sunlight to reach the Earth’s surface C. the atmosphere to become thinner D. the planet’s temperature to change 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Money Matters Parents should help their children understand money. money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example. 1. The basic function of money Being explaining the basic function of money by showing how people trade money for goods or services. It is important to show your child how money is traded for the thing he wants to have. If he wants to have a toy, give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier. 72 When 71 so you may start talking about

your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money, you can start explaining more complex ways of using money. 2. Money lessons Approach money lessons with openness and honesty. 73 If you must say no to a child’s request

to spend money, explain, ”You have enough toy trucks for now.” Or, if the request is for many different things, say. “You have to make a choice between this toy and that toy.” 3. 74 Begin at the grocery store. Pick put similar brands of a product—a name brand butter and a generic(无商标产品),for example. You can show your child how to make choices between

different brands of a product so that you can save money.

75

If he chooses the cheaper brand,

allow him to make another purchase with the money save. Later, you may explains how the more expensive choice leaves less money for other purchases. A. Wise decision. B. The value of money. C. Permit the child why he can—or cannot—have certain things. D. Talk yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. F. Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store. G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest. 第二部分 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 People often fall ill because of me. 21 , they can hardly blame me; it is largely their own

22 .A tired person may get 23 , especially when he goes to crowded places with polluted air. A sudden change in 24 is another factor. In hot summer, people turn on the air-conditioner upon returning home. They will catch a cold easily. My latest victim is an energetic student. After school, he played football hard for two hours. Though 25 , he still went to the cinema .Then he got back home and took a cold shower immediately. I seized this golden chance to 26 him .He reacted ,trying to27 me , but I was already 28 deep in his throat. He kept sneezing(打喷嚏) and his nose was running. 29 he put on some warm clothes, it didn’t work, for there were too many of us. Besides, his sore throat kept 30 him, and he developed a cough to force me and my family out, but 31 . The next day he couldn’t go to 32 . He had lost his appetite and was not as 33 as before. His

mother made him orange juice every few hours for more vitamin C, which would help his 34 For two days he was 35 by his mother. As he rested more, his defense strengthened and I began to feel the 36 . I knew I had to 37 him before long. But I am not the one who gives up easily, and I made every effort to fight back. 38 , it was my turn to feel 39 now, for his defense

system was starting an all-out attack against me. I became 40 and finally my time was over.

Do you know what I am? 21. A .Therefore 22. A .business 23.A. punished 24.A. temperature 25.A. excited 26.A. injure 27. A. get on with 28. A. reproducing 29. A. Since 30. A. reminding 31. A. escaped 32. A. bed 33. A. peaceful 34. A .recovery 35. A. protected 36. A. loss 37. A. leave 38. A. Uncertainly 39. A. painful 40. A. bigger B. Besides B . responsibility B. blamed B. season B. hurt B. bother B. get rid of B. waiting B. Once B. upsetting B. succeeded B. work B. afraid B. development B. nursed B. operation B. catch B. Unsuccessfully B. disappointed B. weaker C. However C. excuse C. caught C. place C. late C. attack C. put up with C. hiding C. Whether C. comforting C. regretted C. school C. active C. study C. scolded C. pressure C. forget C. Unusually C. nervous C. smaller D. Then D. fault D. killed D. condition D. tired D. destroy D .take hold of D. disappearing D. Although D. influencing D. failed D. hospital D. happy D. affected D. affected D. movement D. beat D. Unfortunately D. ashamed D. stronger

注意:请将选择题 1—15;21-40 涂在机读卡相应的位置;将 16--20 涂在机读卡 71--75 的位 置。

第 II 卷 (共两部分,共 50 分) 第三部分 英语知识运用(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 One midnight, a little girl woke up to drink water. She got up, walked to 1 bedroom door and opened it. She looked outside but walked back, 2 the hall that she feared. Her mother said, “Don’t be afraid, honey. Take courage.” “But could you tell me 3 courage is?” she looked at her mother with 4 it was so dark in

(curious) and asked, running to her mother’s bed. “Courage is the brave breath,” her mother answered. “Mum, do you have courage?” “Certainly.” The little girl held out her cold hands, 5 courage to me.” After her mother blew some of breath 6 her little cold hands, the little girl held her (run) away. Then she (say), “Mum, blow some of your breath of

hands tightly and nervously, afraid that the “breath of courage” 7 walked out of the bedroom towards the kitchen with nothing to be afraid of. In fact, the only thing 8

makes us afraid is nothing but the fear in our mind. The person . In other words, we are our own 10

who we should defeat is nobody but 9 (great) enemy. 第四部分 第一节 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)

短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(︿) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从每 11 处起)不计分。 Nowadays more and more people like to keep pets. Some of them even regard their pet one of their family member. In their opinion, pets can help them doing some useful things and bring them

joy and happiness. I am also like pets. Pets are our good friends and I don’t think it’s good for people to keep too many animals as pets. Why? Because too many pets may cause a lot of problems. For example, if there were more pets on the streets, it will be possibly for people to get some diseases from them. Sometime some pets are dangerous to people. What’s more, keep pets needs your energy and devotion, that costs people lots of time and money. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

新年即将到来,某中学生英文报近期开辟环保专栏,倡导大家使用电子贺卡这种环保的 方式表达祝福。请你根据以下提示,为该专栏写一篇英文稿件,谈谈电子贺卡的优势。 提示:1. 省钱、省时、环保; 注意:1. 词数100左右; 2. 形式多样、可以按需定制。 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:电子贺卡electronic card; 定制customize _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ___ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __

_______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ __ _______________________________________________________________________________ _

民乐一中 2015—2016 学年第一学期高二(4)部第二次月考 英语试卷 参考答案 阅读理解 七选五: BDCA BCDA BCB DBAD

71.G 72.F 73.D 74.A 75.C CBADB DCCAB CADAB

完形填空: CDCAD 语法填空:

1. the 2. because 3. what 4. curiosity 5. saying6. into7. would run 8. that 9. ourselves 10. greatest 短文改错: Nowadays more and more people like to keep pets.

Some of them even regard their pet ∧ one of their family member. In their opinion, as members

pets can help them doing some useful things and bring them joy and happiness. do或在doing前加in I also like pets. Pets are our good friends and I don’t think it’s good for people to keep too many animals as pets. but Why? Because too many pets may cause a lot of problems. For example, if there were more pets on the streets, it will be possibly for people to get some are possible

diseases from them. Sometime some pets are dangerous to people. Sometimes What’s more, keep pets needs your energy and devotion, that costs people lots of time and money. keeping 书面表达: Nowadays many people choose to send electronic cards during festivals. Compared with traditional paper cards, electronic cards have many advantages. Firstly, almost all electronic cards are free or only cost a little money, so you can send as many as you like. Secondly, it’s easier and faster to send them. You don’t need to spend a lot of time writing and delivering them. Thirdly, electronic cards are environmentally friendly, saving precious natural resources. In addition, there are different varieties of electronic cards available to users on the Internet. You can choose what you like and make your cards special by customizing them in terms of color, sound and text. Therefore, we should send electronic cards more often than ever. which


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