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外研社英语必修5Module 1 知识点及单元测试(含答案)


Module 1 British and American English
Part I Vocabulary 1. have …in common (with sb.) 和某人有共同点 have a lot / much/ something/ little/ nothing in common 有_________/ __________/ _____ /_____

_共同点 e.g. (1)We found that __________________________ and we got on well. 我们发现彼此有很多共同点,很合得来。 (2)_______________________, he enjoys playing and watching football. 和大多数年轻人一样,他喜爱踢足球看球赛。 2. make a difference to sb./ sth. 对某人/某事有影响,使不同 make a / no/ some/ much difference to sb./ sth. 有影响;没有/有一些/有很大影 响 (1)It won’t __________________ whether he comes or not. 他来不来没有多大影 响。 (2) Changing schools _________________________. 转学对她的一生影响很大。 3. confuse vt. 使糊涂; 使迷惑 →confused adj. ________→ confusing adj. ________ (1) People are ____________ about the variety of labels(标签) on food these days. (2) The instructions on the box are very _____________. (3)The case (案件) ____________ all the detectives. 4. compare A with B _______________________ compare A to B _________________________ compared with… _______________________ (1)If you __________________(把城市和农村作比较), you will find many differences. (2) Many children __________________________________(把月亮比喻成小 船). (3) ________________________(比起生病的人), we are quite happy. 5.variety n. 种类;多样性 a variety of = various adj. 各种不同的;各种各样的 vary v. 不同,有别;变更,改变 vary from sth to sth variation n. 变化 He left _________________________________________. 他由于种种原因而离 开了。 6. remark① n.评论;感想;言论 = comment drop/make a remark 评论 exchange a few remarks 交谈几句 ② v.谈论;评论;说 remark (that)… 说… remark on/upon… 就…发表意见 7. present① n. at present _________________; give sb. a present ______________ ② adj. at the present time; _________ ;the students present _________ ③ v. present her views_________________ 8. 语言学家____________ → 语言学__________ 9. ①与…有共同之处 _________________ ②有影响;使不相同______________ ③排队(等候) _________________ ④当地口音 __________________ ⑤做事情有困难 __________________⑥通向;导致;引起 ______________

⑦同意,支持 _________________ ⑧称….为 ____________________ Keys to vocabulary: 1. 有很多/有一些/ 几乎没有/ 没有 2. ⑴make much difference ⑵made a big difference to her life;3.感到困惑的; 令人困惑的⑴ confused ⑵ confusing (3) confused 4.把 A 和 B 比较; A 比作 B;与……比较起来⑴ compare cities with 把 villages ⑵ compare the moon to a boat (3) Compared with the sick 5. for a variety of/ various reasons 7. ⑴现在; 礼物⑵目前的; 到场的(3) 陈述 8. linguist; linguistics 9. ①have…in common (with) ②make a difference ③queue up/stand in line with ④local accent ⑤have difficulty/trouble (in) doing ⑥lead to ⑦in favor of ⑧refer to…as Part II Introduction - Reading and Speaking 概述:Introduction 通过四句名言和两封电子邮件,感知英美英语的区别。 1. We ________________________________ nowadays except language. 如今除了语言我们和美国完全一样了。 ? have …in common (with sb.) 和某人有共同点 e.g. 我和 John 没有任何共同之。 ______________________________________. 2. It __________________________________whether a teacher speaks British or American English. 老师讲英式英语和美式英语没有太大区别。 ? make a / no/ some/ much difference to sb./ sth. 有影响;没有/有一些/有很大 影响 e.g. To be admitted to a key university will _______________________________. 考人重点大学将对你的生活有很大影响。 3. 引 用 语 的 主 题 ________________; 乐 观 的 ___________; 悲 观 的 ___________ 在实践中学会_________________ 概述: Reading and speaking 通过大量的的信息和语言结构了解英美英语在词汇、 语法、拼写和发音等方面的具体区别。 4. There are hundreds of different words [which are not used on the other side of the Atlantic], or {which are used with a different meaning}. 译:____________________________________________________________ 5. Americas drive automobiles_______(沿着) freeways and _____________ (加) gas;the British drive cars________(沿着)motorways and ________(加) petrol. ?fill up (sth.) with 是充满; 装满 The box has been filled up with books. 箱子里 装满了书。 6. 找出文中两处 While 表对比的句子: (while 一般放句中,前后两句一般句 式结构一致、 句子意义相对或相反) ① Americans use …, while for the British… ② The British say …while Americans prefer … 7. The other two areas {in which the two varieties differ} are spelling and pronunciation. ①(07 山东, 30) ---Where did you get to know her?

--- It was on the farm ______ we worked. A. that B. there C. which D. where ② (07 全国, 22) Some pre-school children go to a day care center, ______ they learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D. where ③(07 天津,11)Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ____ sight matters more than hearing. A. when B. whose C. which D. where ④(05 广东,35)Many people who had seen the film were frightened when they remembered the scene _____ people were eaten by the tiger. A. in which B. by which C. which D that ⑤ (05 江苏, The place ______ the bridge is supposed to be built should be where 32) the traffic is the heaviest. A. which B. that C. at which D which 8. When the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw made the famous remark that the British and the Americans are two nations divided by a common language, he was obviously thinking about the differences. ?that 引导 remark 的同位语从句; 且 that 不可省略。 (06安徽,29)A warm thought suddenly came to me ____ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. A. if B. when C. that D. which 9. A Londoner ________________________________ a Scotsman than understanding a New Yorker. 一个伦敦人要听懂苏格兰人讲话可能比听懂一 个纽约人更难。 ?have difficulty ( in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 同义短语还有:have trouble / problems in doing sth. have a hard time (in) doing sth. 做某事有巨大的困难 With the guide leading the way, we __________________________________the house. 有向导带路,我们毫不费劲的找到了那房子。 10. But it has also_____________________________________(导致许多美式单词 和结构融入英式英语), so that some people now believe that British English will disappear. ?lead to + n./doing 导致;引起 = result in = cause 下列短语中的 to 也是介词:look forward to 期盼 refer to 提到;谈到;涉及 pay attention to 注意 devote… to… 献身于 stick to 坚持 be used to 习惯于 belong to 属于 object to 反对 get down to 开始认真做.. contribute to 为..做贡献 pay a visit to 参观;拜访 The discovery of new evidence led to _____. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 11. ① 与 … 相 似 ______________ ② 被 同 一 种 语 言 分 开 的 两 个 国 家 _______________________

③毕竟 ______________ ④按一下开关 _______________________ 1. John and I have nothing in common. / I have nothing in common with John. 2. make a difference to your life 3. the topic of the quotation; optimistic; pessimistic; learn with practice 4.数以百计不同的单词在大西洋彼岸不被使用, 或者以一种不同的意思被使用。 down; fill up with; along; fill up with; 7. D; D; 5. D;A; C. 8. C 9. had no difficulty/ trouble in finding 10. led to lots of American words and structures passing into British English; C. 11. ①be similar to ②two nations divided by a common language ③after all ④at the flick of a switch Part III Grammar-Tense 时态 时 式 一般 进行 完成 现在 过去 将来 时态高考考点练习与分析: 1.——Can I join your club, dad? ——You can when you ______a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got 2.——Oh, it’s you! I ______ you. ——I’ve just had my hair cut and I’m wearing new glasses. A. didn’t recognize B. hadn’t recognized C. haven’t recognized D. don’t recognize 3.I don’t think Jim saw me; he ______into space. A. just stared B. was just staring C. has just stared D. had just stared 4.——______my glasses? ——Yes, I saw them on your bed a minute ago. A. Do you see B. Had you seen C. Would you see D. Have you seen 5.You don’t need to describe her. I ______her several times. A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet 6.——Do you know our town at all? ——No, this is the first time I ______ here. A. was B. have been C. came D. am going 7. I don’t really work here. I ______until the new secretary arrives. A. just help out B. have just helped out C. am just helping out D. will just help out 8.——Is this raincoat yours? ——No, mine ______there behind the door. A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung 1. A.析:“You can”是将来意,when 引导的时间状语从句要用一般现在时表将来. 2. A. 析:从“Oh, it’s you!”可知说话时已认出对方。“没有认出”是在此之前为过 去情况,所以应选 A. 3. B.析:在空白处应选一个与“saw”相配,能解释 Jim didn’t see me 这一原因的 选项,只有着眼于 A、B。若选 A 不能体观他“当时正在做”某事,故排除 A 而选 B。这样因为“他正在望宇宙天空”所以“未看到我”。

4.D.析:现在完成时可表过去发生的事情对现在产生的影响或结果,问话人以这 样的时态发问可作现焦急的心情。故答案为 D。 5.B.析:道理同 4。 6. B.析: 根据 this/it is the first/second/…time sb. has done sth.句型, 可定答案为 B。 又如:This is the second time he has visited the Great Wall. 7. C.析:根据 I don’t really work here.以及…until the new secretary arrives,可知说 话人所要做的事是计划安排行为,C、D 两个选项都表将来动作,但 D 非计划安 排,C 则体现按计划去做,所以此题答案为 C。 8.A.析:此题的“悬挂”是指现状而言,故表过去“挂”的 B、D 项可排除。C 项虽 指“现在挂”,但侧重在常规,习惯。为了突出“你所指的那件雨衣不是我的,我 的正挂在门后”这一意思,选 A 是极为合情理的。 Part III Everyday English 1. 你 进 展 的 怎 样 ? ___________________ ? 2. ( 你 说 的 ) 挺 有 意 思 ______________________ 3. 我不能理解人们说的话。___________________________________________. 4. 过于关心;溺爱___________ 5.学会本地口音_________________6.减少;消失 _________ Part IV Speaking and writing 1. 大辩论 2. 最原始的一种语言 3. 在国际商务中 4. 同意、支持 5. 把你的观点陈述给班里的其他同学___________________________________ 6. 投票; 选出______________________ 7. 汉朝 _________________________ 8. 称我们的语言为汉语 _____________ 9.在…中流行___________________ 10. The boy present (adj.) at the meeting was considering asking his father for a book on the present (adj.) tense as a birthday present (n.). Keys: 1. the great debate; 2. the original variety of language 3. in international business 4. in favor of 5. Present your ideas to the rest of the class. 6. vote for 7. the Han Dynasty 8. refer to our language as Han 9. be popular with Part IV Cultural Corner 1. attempt ①c.n.; ②vi 努力,尝试;企图 ① make an attempt to do sth./ at (doing) sth. 试图做某事 ② attempt to do sth. I passed my driving test ______________________________. 我首次尝试就通过了驾驶执照的考试。 2. combine vt. combine sth. with sth. 结合, 联合, 组合→ combination 结合 (体) Combine the eggs with a little flour and heat the mixture gently. 把鸡蛋和面粉搅匀,用文火加热。 3. suggest vt. (1)建议 ①+ that (从句虚拟)(should) do ② to sb. sth. ③ doing (动词只可用动名词形式) ④ suggestion c.n. some advice = some __________ (2)暗示;表明 其宾语从句可以用各种时态 翻译: 父亲建议我们早出发。

①____________________________________________________________. ②____________________________________________________________. ③____________________________________________________________. ④____________________________________________________________. 翻译:他面色苍白,说明他身体不好。 ____________________________________________________________ 4. adopt ① 采用(方法) ;采取(措施) ;采纳(建议、政策) ② 收养,领养(小孩) All three teams ______________________________ to solve the problems. 三个队采用不同的方法处理这些问题。 Keys: 1. at the first attempt 3. ①Father suggested that we should start early.② Father suggested to us an early start.③Father suggested our starting early. ④ Father made an suggestion that we should start early. His pale face suggests bad health. 4. adopted different solutions

Module Testing
II. 单项填空 (每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 21. -Did you see the new movie directed by that famous director? It's said to be _______ great fun. -No. I have been busy repairing all the broken office _______ these days. A. a; equipment B. the; equipments C. \ ; equipment D. \ ; equipments 22. -Hi, Wang Ling, can't you recognize me? -Oh, Ma Yan! I ________ you ________ your sister. It's so nice to meet you here! A. thought; were B. thought; are C. think; are D. think; were 23. -Are you feeling _______ now? -Yes, and I feel much happier than ever. A. any good B. quite better C. more better D. any better 24. Thanks to the computer, I got several times _______ information _______ they did. A. as more; as B. as much; than C. as much; as D. as many; as 25. Look! Tony, your books are everywhere. Please put them _______ . A. on order B. in order C. at order D. out of order 26. In the last ten years, they _______ three great scientific experiments. A. finished B. have finished C. had finished D. have been finished 27. He is always _______ his excellent spoken English; while his sister takes _______ her beauty. A. proud of; pride of B. proud in, pride in C. proud in; pride of D. proud of; pride in 28. -I have driven for so long, and now I want to have a rest. - _______ . _______ to drive.

A. No; It's my turn

B. Yes; It's your turn

C. Go ahead; It's your turn D. Go ahead; It's my turn 29. There was no good news still, and as time went by, he got _______ . A. disappointed and disappointed B. disappointing and disappointing C. more and more disappointed D. more and more disappointing 30. Almost _______ of the students in this class wear glasses, that is, _______ of them. A. two thirds; 60 percent B. two thirds; 60 percents C. two third; 60 percent D. two third; 60 percents 31. Cleaning women in big cities usually get _______ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 32. -Peter! Hurry up! You _______ on the phone. -Oh, I _______ . Thank you. A. are being wanted; come B. are wanted; am coming C. want; come D. will want; should come 33. -Tom, why didn't you go to the flower show? -I think it's something _______ pleasant. A. far less B. far more C. too much D. much too 34. It's impossible for all the people to get jobs because _______ of them are not fit for them. A. none of B. all C. not all D. every one 35. -Do you think the bad weather will _______ ? -I hope not. A. keep on B. go on C. take up D. keep up III. 完形填空 (每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) Americans are 36 about an international sporting event now taking place in the United States. It is the biggest women's soccer 37 in the world, the World Cup. The game Americans call soccer, is known around the world as 38 . And more and more Americans are learning to 39 it. Only in the last 35 years, large numbers of young Americans have become 40 in soccer. Baseball and basketball are still popular professional sports, 41 American boys and girls love to play soccer.

The United States Soccer Federation is the major soccer

42

in the country. It

says more than eighteen million people play soccer in the United States. This means that 43 Americans play soccer than any other sport. 44 , more people in the United States are watching soccer, too. They are attending the 3rd Women's World Cup games that are 45 in several American cities. 460,000 46 have been sold for the three-week contest that will end July tenth. Women's soccer teams from 16 nations are 47 . Americans are closely 48 the progress of the United States' Women's World Cup team. And the team is already setting 49 . On June 19, the American team 50 Denmark in the opening game. Almost 79,000 people watched the game at Giant Stadium near New York City. That is a world record. One of the most popular players 51 the American team is 27-year-old Mia Hamm. She became well known in 1996 when the United States women won the soccer 52 medal at the Olympic Games, defeating other teams. Experts say Mia Hamm can play soccer better than 53 woman in the world. She has scored more goals than any man or woman ever to play international soccer. Mia Hamm is a 54 to many young American girls. Television 55 say that at present thousand million people around the world are watching the game on television. 36. A. careless 37. A. happiness 38. A. baseball 39. A. hate 40. A. interested 41. A. and 42. A. player 43. A. more 44. A. In the past 45. A. played 46. A. tickets 47. A. taking place 48. A. seeing 49. A. marks 50. A. beat 51. A. in 52. A. gold 53. A. others B. worried B. event B. football B. love B. disappointed B. although B. event B. less B. In the future B. to be played B. teams B. taking off B. watching B. records B. hit B. from B. silver B. the other C. excited C. team C. volleyball C. give up C. satisfied C. so C. game C. many C. just now C. being played C. records C. taking part C. thinking C. points C. won C. on C. copper C. other D. anxious D. incident D. basketball D. played D. surprised D. but D. organization D. fewer D. At present D. playing D. players D. taking in D. hoping D. scores D. lose D. at D. \ D. any other

54. A. player

B. writer

C. hero

D. singer D. spokesman

55. A. broadcasters B. directors C. players IV. 阅读理解 (每小题 2 分,共 20 分) (A)

Pottery is the name given to all kinds of useful or artistic objects made from clay. Pottery can be plates or water pots or baskets. Pottery can be large or small, fancy or plain. Pottery is part of the large family of ceramics(陶器).Ceramics are synthetic materials. For example, bricks and tiles (瓦片) are both ceramics. How is pottery made? First, a potter takes some clay. Clay is a soft, red material from the earth. It looks a little like red dirt, but it's very different. Clay is thick and rich. Wet clay can be worked into any shape. When the clay dries, it will keep that shape. The potters takes some clay and pushes and squeezes(挤压)it until it is soft and smooth. After that, the clay can be shaped into anything. There are several ways to shape clay. Sometimes potters use their hands. Sometimes they use a special wheel. They place the clay in the center of a round, flat wheel. The wheel moves very fast, and the potter shapes the clay. After the potter has shaped the clay, it can be decorated(装饰). Potters use glaze, which is a kind of paint, to decorate their work. Some glazes are very simple. Other glazes have beautiful colors and designs. The glaze is not just beautiful. It is also useful. The glaze makes the pottery smooth and waterproof. Potters also make some decorative lines and designs on the surface. After it is decorated, the clay must be baked, or fired, in a special oven. Baking the clay at very high temperature makes it hard and strong. Firing also makes the glaze stick to the pottery. When the firing is over, the potter carefully removes the pottery from the oven and lets it cool slowly. If it cools too quickly, it could crack and break. Since pottery is waterproof, it is very popular for dishes. You can find examples of pottery in almost any home. But pottery can also be found in museums. Some pieces of pottery are valuable and beautiful pieces of art. 56. It is possible that ceramics are materials of _______ . A. metal B. plastic C. wood 57. The word "waterproof" means _______ . A. 能盛水的 B. 防水的 C. 溶解于水的 D. earth D.吸水性强的

58. Which statement is NOT true according to the passage? A. Plates, water pots and bowls are all examples of pottery. B. Wet clay can be made into anything of different shapes by the hands or a special wheel. C. The clay becomes smooth and waterproof because of the glaze.

D. After the firing in high temperature, pottery is easy to break. (B) People in cities all over the world shop in supermarkets. When you enter the supermarket, you see shelves full of food. You walk in the aisles, pushing your shopping cart. You probably hear soft, slow music in the supermarket. This kind of music is playing to relax you and make you walk slowly. Thus, you will probably stay longer and buy more food. Where do you go in the supermarket when you first arrive? Many people go to the meat section first. this area of the store has many different kinds of meat. Some kinds are expensive and others are not. Usually, some kinds of meat are on sale. So it has a special low price. The manager of the store knows where the customers usually enter the meat section. The meat on sale is usually at the other end of the section, away from where the customers enter. If you want to buy this specially priced meat, you have to walk by the more expensive meat first. Maybe you will see something that you want to buy before you reach the cheaper, inexpensive meat. Then you will spend more money in the meat section. The diary section sells milk that is low in fat. Some supermarkets sell three different containers 包装盒) low-fat milk. Each container looks different, but each ( of contains the same product. One says "1% fat", one says "99% fat free" and one says "low-fat" in big letters and "1%"in very small letters. If you look carefully you can see that all the milk has the same amount of fat, and each container is the same size. The prices of all these three should be the same. However, in many stores these three containers of milk would each have a different price. The store will make more money if a customer chooses the milk that costs the most. Most of the food in supermarkets is very attractive. People often stop to look at the products in attractive containers. But remember, many products will say, "Buy me!". Stop and think which ones are the best value for your money. 59. The word "aisles" in the first paragraph means _______ . A. the entrance of a supermarket B. the place where you pay for your goods C. the way between the shelves D. the place where the special priced meat is on sale. 60. When you walk by the expensive meat, _______ . A. maybe you will buy some B. you will not look at it C. you will buy diary products D. maybe it is on sale

61. The three different kinds of low-fat milk _______ . A. contain three different amount of milk B. contain three different kinds of milk C. each have the same amount of fat D. are all the same price 62. Supermarket managers make the food attractive so _______ . A. it is cheap B. the customers will buy more C. it is expensive D. it is in the diary section (C) American parents usually think that their child should not have more pocket money than the children with whom he regularly connects no matter they are wealthier or not than he. Whatever the pocket money is, its entire use is not controlled by the parents, because a child learns to use money correctly only through dealing with it himself. If a seven-year-old child gets a quarter as a week pocket money and is made to put it all in his piggy bank to save it up, he gets no idea what the real use for the money is. He gets the shiny coins and they soon disappear. The idea of a bank account(在银行开户) is too early for so small a child, although he can be made understand and enjoy saving his coins-not all of them, only a part of what he receives-to buy something he especially wants. By the time he is eight, he is old enough to take part in the opening of his own savings account, parents may take him to the bank, open a saving account for him, and encourage him to put a certain quantity(数量) of money he receives as gifts into the bank and watch his bank saving grow as entry by entry(存入)is made. He will be saving, earning, and spending suitable quantities all along in order to learn how to manage money and to keep him in a favorable position with his friends. The boy is a sorry child who can't join his fellows in a sweet shop once in a while because he has to save every cent he gets or earns for some big unknown projects his parents have chosen for him. 63. What does the underlined word "piggy bank" refer to? A. Something in the shape of a pig for saving coins. B. A kind of bank run by the children. C. A bank whose building looks like a pig. D. A bank for children's saving. 64. Which of the following statement is NOT true? A. Whatever the pocket money is, its entire use is not controlled by American parents.

B. If an eight-year-old child receive 10 dollars as his birthday gift, he probably have most of it saved in the bank. C. American parents never interfere(干涉) with their children's use of their pocket money. D. American parents don't usually give their children much pocket money. 65. Why does the author think the boy is a sorry one if he saves every cent he gets or earns? A. Because he can not manage his money and it keeps him in an unfavorable position. B. Because he can not learn the use of money through spending it himself. C. Because he can not have any other choice but to save, earn or spend money. D. Because he can not join the fellow in a sweet shop once in while. V. 短文改错 (每小题 1 分,共 10 分) It was time for breakfast. Mr. and Mrs. Beer were 66. _______ sitting at the table and waiting their daughter Jennet 67. _______ to return back from work. It was late. The parents were 68. _______ worrying about her. At last she came home and told 69. _______ them what was happened. While she was shopping in a 70. _______ crowd ed shop after work, a thief picked up her pocket, 71. _______ pushing the crowd, and ran away. What could she do? 72. _______ She had to ask a policeman in duty for help and he got back 73. _______ her money. Hearing this, Mrs. Beer insisted that Jennet 74. _______ should not go shopping alone any more, so Jennet said 75. _______ laughingly, "April Fool!" VI. 书面表达 (满分 15 分) 根据下面的提示,写一篇"观察水的沸腾"的实验报告 (100 词左右) 实验目的: 1.观察水沸腾时的温度。 2. 观察水沸腾过程中的现象。 器材:烧杯(beaker),水,温度计(thermometer),酒精灯(ethanol light),火柴。 步骤: 1.在烧杯里盛 100g 左右的水。 2. 在水中放入温度计。 3. 加热杯中的水,并观察温度计的示数和水的情况。 结果:当温度达到一百摄氏度时,水面出现大量气泡。 结论: 1. 水在一百摄氏度时开始沸腾。 2. 水在沸腾过程中有大量气泡产生。 Keys:

21-25 CADCB 26-30 BDDCA 31-35 CBABD 36-40 CBBBA 41-45 DDADC 46-50 ACBBA 51-55 CADCA 56-60 DBDCA 61-65 CBACA 66. breakfast 改为 supper 67. waiting 后加 for 68. 去掉 back 69. worrying 改为 worried 70. was 改为 had 71. 去掉 up 72. pushing 改为 pushed 73. in 改为 on 74. 正确 75. so 改为 but 答案解析 21. fun, equipment 都是不可数名词。 22. "刚才以为......" 应该用过去时。 23. any 修饰比较级形容词或副词,用于否定句和疑问句中。 quite 不能修饰比 较级的形容词或副词。 25. put...in order "整理......"。 26. "in the last / past..." "在过去的......时间里"常用于现在完成时。 27. "be proud of / take pride in" "为......感到骄傲/自豪"。 28. Go ahead 在此句中意为"去休息吧"。 31. get paid 为被动结构 "被付给工资", get one's pay "得到工资"。 32. You are wanted on the phone 是电话用语:"有人找你"; I'm coming "我就来"。 33. far 修饰比较形容词,表程度。 34. "not all... / all...not..."为部分否定,"并非都......"。 35. keep up 指"(天气)保持不变,持续"。 36. 39. 40. 全篇介绍美国人对足球的热爱,所以通过上下文可以推出答案。 44. 由谓语动词的时态可以得知。 45. 此处为现在进行时的被动语态。 48. 美国人密切地关注着...... 49. 见本段最后一句的暗示。 set records "创记录"。 50. beat "击败对手"; hit "击中,打击"; win "赢得比赛等"; lose "失去,输掉" 51. 介词 on 表示"在......机构、组织或球队中,是其中一员"。 书面表达 Aim: To find out: 1.the temperature when water is boiling; 2. what happens when water is boiling. Apparatus: beaker; water; thermometer; ethanol light; beaker holder; match. Method: 1. Fill about 100g water in the beaker. 2. Put a thermometer in the water. 3. Heat the water in the beaker, and watch the readings of the thermometer. Result: Bubbles begin to appear when the temperature reaches 100 Centigrade. Conclusion: 1. The water boils when the temperature reaches 100 Centigrade.

2. A lot of bubbles appear during the boiling.


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