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山东省枣庄市2014届高三3月模拟考试 英语 Word版含答案


2014 枣庄一模

山东省枣庄市 2014 届高三 3 月高考模拟 英 语 试 题 本试卷分第 I 卷和第Ⅱ 卷两部分。满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。考试结束, 将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷(三部分, 共 105 分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 1.There are two buses running in the street. will take you to the People's Park. A.Either B.The other C. Any D.All 2.He opened window and took breath of fresh air. A. a; the B. the; a C.the; 不填 D.a;不填 3.—What shall we do tonight? — .It' s up to you. A.It all depends B.No problem C. I don't care D. Don't mention it 4.He drinks is left in his glass as if it were water. A. whether B. that C. what D. which 5.You 'd better keep his number you need it someday. A. though B. so that C. unless D.in case 6.I'll make arrangements for you at the station, if you can't find a taxi. A. to be met B. to meet C. meeting D. being met 7.John have arrived yet. Otherwise he would have telephoned me. A.won’t B. can't C.mustn't D. needn't 8.He looked into the room again to see if he anything behind. A.1eft B. would left C.has arrived D.had left 9.He has won the first place, is clear from the expression on his face. A.as B.it C.what D.that 10.Mike got a lot of letters of support, all him to keep going and stay positive. A.encouraged B.to encourage C.encouraging D.having encouraged 第二节:完形填空(共 30 小题;l l-20 题,每小题 1 分;21~40 题,每小题 1.5 分;满分 40 分) A While many young people were enjoying the final weeks of summer vacation, Zach, Bonner was working his hardest. He started 11 from Valrico, Florida, his hometown, on Christmas, 2009, and stepped over the Los Angeles city line nine months l2 in September, covering a total of 2,478 miles and 13 close to $ 120,000 for kids in need. A1ong the way, Zach attended school online,
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thanks to his mother, Laurie Bonner, and brother and sister, who l4 walking and driving alongside him. Despite his age, Zach has a long__15 of helping others. When Hurricane Charley hit town in 2004, Zach, then six, pulled a wagon through his neighborhood 16 food for storm victims. Since then, he has raised some $400,000 for his Little Red Wagon Foundation, which gives money to projects helping homeless l7 ,In 2007, Zach began walking to support. a children's charity in Florida, finishing his_18_ 23 days later, 280 miles away in Tallahassee.Then in the summer of 2009, he walked about 670 miles from Atlanta to Washington, D.C.,in just two months. “What, really 19 me going i8 these kids," Zach has said. "They don't have to say, ‘I'm 20 of being homeless.’So why should l get to quit?” 11.A.touring B.walking C.driving D.riding 12.A.ago B.away C.1ater D.over 13.A.raising B.earning C.making D.saving 14.A.put on B.gave up C.set about D.took turns 15.A.impression B.history C.motivation D.attempt 16.A.cooking B.offering C.seeking D.collecting 17.A.patients B.children C.beggars D.women 18.A.distance B.vacation C.movement D.journey 19.A.keeps B.catches C.leaves D.stops 20.A.excited B.fond C.tired D.proud B A boy was sitting by the window, waiting for his father to come home and play with him.When his father finally opened the door, the boy ran to 21 him. The father was tired. He 22 his coat and shoes and walked into the living room. "Daddy! Come and 23 !" The boy held his arm and pulled. "Daddy is too 24 to play", the father said. This seemed like the most 25 thing anyone could say. He then took a 26 from the table. But the boy would not 27 . He stood there, asking his father to play with him, 28 his father tried to read. To make the boy stop his request, the father 29 a page from the magazine. There was a map of a country on that page.He tore it into small bits and gave 30 to his son. "Here, put this puzzle back together. I'll play with you 31 you've finished". The map was so big and detailed that it would 32 hours for a little boy to get it back together again. After 33 seemed like a minute the father felt the familiar pulling in his 34 .The little boy was holding the page, the pieces carefully taped together. "How did you 35 to do that so fast?"
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"There was a picture of Santa Claus on the other 8ide", the boy pointed . "I _36 the puzzle pieces around. I did the Santa Clau8 puzzle _37 and when I turned the page, the map was there too" ! We are often stuck in our 38 ways of thinking when we could really use some 6-year-old chinking.So the next time you are 39 with a dilemma, twist the idea in your 40 and you might suddenly have a new idea you could use successfully ! 21.A. meet B. trouble C. invite D. tell 22.A. put away B. took off C. left out D. gave over 23.A. seat B. enjoy C. relax D. play 24.A. busy B. sleepy C. tired D. happy 25.A. available B. careful C.useful D. miserable 26.A. book B. paper C. map D. magazine 27.A. insist on B. take on C. make up D. give in 28.A. since B. while C. because D. though 29.A. tore B. folded C. drew D. opened 30.A. it B. that C. those D. this 31.A. before B. after C. unless D. until 32.A.take B.8pend C. last D. waste 33.A.which B.when C.that D. what 34.A.leg B.ear C.eye D. arm 35.A.arrange B.intend C.manage D. bother 36.A.changed B.looked C.raised D. turned 37.A.besides B.instead C.otherwise D. thus 38.A.creative B.different C.traditional D. popular 39.A.faced B.met C.trapped D. joined 40.A.means B.mind C.words D. way 第二部分:阅读理解(共 25 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 50 分) A It's hard to find Alice Munro in the media.Even after she won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, the Canadian writer just appeared for a quick interview and then dropped out of 8ight. On Dec 29, she still didn't seek the spotlight (聚光灯) when she was named one of the rive Women of the Year by the Financial Times. In Munro's eyes, ordinary lives always hide larger dramas. So she records what we casually think of as the everyday actions of normal people, She often focuses on life in her hometown, a small village in Ontario which 8he is most familiar with.She writes about the ordinary things in the village-fox forming;, trees felled in the Ontario wilderness, poor country achool8 and long last illnesses.Above all, she talk8 about girls and women who have seemingly ordinary lives but struggle against daily misfortune. She has a special talent for uncovering the extraordinary in the ordinary. These
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are ordinary people, ordinary stories, but she has the magic. Her precise language, depth of detail and the logic of her storytelling have made her stories inviting. Runaway, one of Munro's representative works, is a good example of her writing style.One of the stories centers on the life of an ordinary woman Carla, who lives in a small Canadian town with her husband Clark.The story slowly forms a picture of Carla, trapped in a bad marriage, her unhappiness building into desperation until she decide8 to flee.The story of Carla is a story of the power and betrayals of love.It is about lost children and l08t chance8 that we can all find in life, There is pain beneath the surface, like a needle in the heart. Since she published her first collection of 8hort stories in 1968, Munro has won many a wards, with the Nobel Prize being her bigge8t honor. On Oct 10, 2013, the Nobel Prize commit-tee named Munro the "master of the contemporary short story". 41.We learn from Paragraph 1 that Alice Munro A.didn't get on well with the media B.was 8urprised at winning the Nobel Prize C.didn't value the title of Women of the Year D.remained modest though very successful 42.Many of Alice Munro's works A.focus on everyday life of ordinary people B.are about betrayals of love and violence C.center on the happy life of country women D.are romantic stories setting in her hometown 43.What makes Alice Munro's stories fascinating according to the text? A.The complicated plots. B.Her writing techniques. C.The humorous language. D.Her rich imagination. 44.In her representative work Run.away, Carla A.leads a happy life with Clark B.is a faithful wife to her husband C.tries to run away from her husband D.loses all hopes for a better life 45.What is the text mainly about? A.Alice Munro and her hometown. B.The awards Alice Munro won. C.Alice Munro's literary life. D.Alice Munro and her writing style. B Parents used to rely on physical punishments to control their children's bad behavior, which has been proven to be very harmful.Therefore, most parents now choose to simply yell, thinking that language probably won't hurt as much.But is that really so? Using harsh words such as "lazy" or "stupid" is just as harmful as hitting, according to a new study carried out at the University of Pittsburgh, US."It cannot reduce or correct their problem behavior," said Professor Ming - Te Wang, leader of the study, in
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an interview with The Wall Street Journal."On the contrary, it makes it worse." In the study, which involved 976 two - parent families, researchers asked the kids about their behavior problems, while asking their parents how often they had yelled at them. Nearly half of the parents admitted that they'd shouted at their children in the past year.Researchers noted that the kids whose parents used more harsh words experienced more behavior problems after-wards, including fighting, stealing, lying as well as symptoms of depression. "Adolescence is a very sensitive period when kids arc trying Lo develop their self -identities (个性) . When you yell, it makes them feel they are not capable, and that they are worthless and useless," Wang said."This may explain why so many parents say that no matter how loud they shout, their teenagers don' t listen. While harsh yelling can stop bad behavior in the moment, it doesn' t teach children to be-have how parents want them to, according to Professor Alan Kazdin of Yale University, US.What parents need is to praise their children for good behavior.If parents really need to punish their kids, they should try things like taking away smartphones and reminding them that good behavior will get them back. After all, "we want to teach kids, not hurt them," said Kazdin. 46.How do most parents react to their children's misbehaving now? A.Letting them alone. B.Beating them. C.Shouting at them. D.Praising them. 47.The study finds that using harsh words . A.can make things even worse B.inspires children to do better C.corrects children's bad behavior D.has a better effect than hitting 48.According to Professor Ming - Te Wang, . A.physical punishments are sometimes necessary B.children are more self - centered in adolescence C.parents should never punish kids for misbehaving D.harsh yelling damages children's self - confidence 49.In Professor Alan Kazdin's opinion, parents should A.set good examples for their children B.take away their children' s smartphones C.praise their children for good behavior D.always think in their children's shoes 50.What does the underlined word "them" in the last paragraph refer to? A.children B.bad behaviors C.parents D.smartphones C It' s never a real problem for us when the weather gets cold . We have many different ways of coping with the cold.We can put on more clothes, stay next to a fireplace, turn on the air conditioner or simply travel to a warmer city to spend the
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winter.But things are not as easy for plants Unlike humans, plants can’t move to escape the cold or generate heat to keep themselves warm.So how do they manage to survive the freezing winter? The cold is a big challenge for plants.Their living tissues can be damaged when they freeze. It's like a plant's equivalent(相等物) to frostbite (冻疮) . Also, the process of freezing and thawing(解冻)can cause air bubbles to form in the plant's water transport system. If enough of these air bubbles come together as water thaws they can block the flow of water from the roots to the leaves and kill the plant. To live through cold weather, plants have developed three strategies, Some plants, such as oak trees, avoid freezing damage by dropping their leaves, before the winter chill sets in-effectively shutting off the flow of water between roots and leaves—and growing new leaves and water transport cells when the warm spring returns. Other plants, pine trees for example, protect them-selves by narrowing their water transport cells, which makes it easier for cells to travel among air bubbles.The third stratef;yi8 also the most extreme.Some plants; die on the ground in winter and start growing as new plants from seeds when conditions get warmer. However, these smart strategies were developed \nmry8lowly-over millions of years of evolution. This leads scientists to worry that plants may not be able to deal with human-caused climate change, which has only started occurring over the past few decades.Scientists are hoping to find possible ways to save plants from the threat of climate change. 51.What is the text mainly about? A.Different ways for people to keep warm. B.How plants live through the freezing winter. C.How plants develop the 8tratef;ies to keep warm* D.The ways to save plants from the cold, 52.If the water transport from roots to leaves 18 blocked, . A.the plant will suffer from f'rostbite B.air bubbles will be formed C.the plant's living tissues will be damaged D.the plant will be killed 53.Oak trees protect themselves by . A.stopping the water transport from roots to leaves B.dropping their leaves to grow seeds C.slowing the flow of water from roots to leaves D.storing enough water in the roots 54.What does the underlined phrase “sets in” mean in Paragraph3? A.stops B.begins C.leaves D.returns 55.What is the main idea of the last paragraph? A.Plants can, easily adapt to climate change. B.Scientists are making efforts to save plants.
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C.Climates change is a great threat to plants. D.Plants are developing new strategies to survive. D Most schools in America do not have the latest equipment in laboratories.It is just too costly.But the eastern state of Maryland and8 non - profit group found a way to make such equipment available during the school year.They put it on a bus! The 13 - meter -long Maryland BioLab is a mobile classroom filled with equipment that lets students explore many kinds of science.It travels around the state visiting schools. It has every-thing from biology to forensic science (法医学) . The mobile lab has been bringing bioscience education to schools around Maryland for more than 10 years, ”It is really nice to get the students in here with hands- on activities. They get really excited and want to be engaged. ”said Ms. Mangus, who is in charge of the program. She said that many students finished their experiments and left the bus excited about the possibility of becoming a scientist. At the end of each class, Ms. Mangus talked to the students about how she became a scientist."If we have enough time, we like to take five, ten minutes and talk about us, ourselves.I tell them how I got into science, maybe where I went to school, what I did, and the different kinds of things we could do.” Brian Gaines, the chief executive officer of the foundation supporting the BioLab program, said the organization's goal was to help create the next generation of scientists."We use this program to talk about careers in science-not only science, but science, technology, engineering and math. Students on the bus get real -life experience they do not get in a classroom.” 56.Which of the following is true about the BioLab? A.It visits schools around the United State. B.It is mobile lab for the schools in Maryland. C.It is used to replace the ordinary classroom. D.It is equipped with all kinds of school things. 57.the students arc very pleased because . A.they can do experiments with own their hands B. they can have face - to - face talks with scientists C.the bus comes to their school every day D.they can realize the dreams of being scientists 58.Ms.Mangus talked about her experience to . A.make her classes lively and interesting B.show off her achievements C.arouse the students' interest in science D.get the students more involved in class 59.According to Brian Games, the real purpose of the program is to
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A.help create the future scientists B.prepare students for future careers C.improve students' marks in schools D.save money for the government 60.Which of the following would be the best tide for the test? A.Bioscience Education in America. B.A New Way to Do Experiments! C. The Way to Be a Scientist. D.A BioLab on a Bus! E Imagine having an idea, drawing it on paper, bringing it to a store and seeing it turned into a physical object.This is now possible with the help of 3D printers.Such machines were once used just by universities and big companies.But now, stores with 3D printing services are appearing around the United States. Bryan Jaycox and his wife opened The Build ShopLLC in Los Angeles two years ago.The store is filled with tools like a laser cutter, an industrial sewing machine and 3D printers.Bryan Jaycox requires $ 15 an hour to print an object.He also charges a fee depending on the size of the object and up to $ 50 an hour for design and labor services. The Jaycoxs also offer 3D printing classes for anyone who is interested.One of the students in a recent class was Ki Chong Tran.He plans to open a 3D printing business in Cambodia."The demand has been amazing.It's been much more than I would have imagined," said Ki Chong Tran. "I think 3D printing is going to be huge. It's going to make a huge impact on society as a whole," he added. Mr Jaycox predicts that within five years, 3D printing technology could become more consumer friendly. But Ki Chong Tran says even current technology can make a difference m a developing country like Cambodia."With 3D printing you can give them tools, and you put it in their hands so they are responsible more for their own development . They learn skills beyond just learning English and becoming a tour guide or something like that or working at a bank.You can actually create things that give value to the world," said Ki Chong Tran. He says it's not just Cambodia but anywhere where there is a 3D printer, it can turn a good idea into reality. 61.We learn from Paragraph l that3D printing . A.is now available to ordinary people B.first appeared in the United States C.can turn your every dream into reality D.is now only used by universities 62.Bryan Jaycox opened The Build ShopLLC to .
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A.sell 3D printers and different kinds of tools B.produce all types of printing machines C.offer 3D printing classes and services : D.design different types of 3D printers 63.According to Ki Chong Tran, 3D printing . A.is now widely used in Cambodia B.will change our daily life completely C.has a huge market potential in Cambodia D.is useless for developing countries 64.In Mr Jaycox's opinion, within five years 3D printing will . A.make it easier to do business B.be accessible to all consumers C.change the way of social contact(交往) D.bring about more profits to the sellers 65.How will 3D printing technology benefit developing countries according to the text? A.It helps the people work efficiently at a bank. B.It will promote the learning of English C.It will accelerate the development of tourism. D.It offers them a new way of development. 第Ⅱ 卷(共 45 分) 第三部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求回答问题(请注意问题后的字数要求) [1]If you offered gifts to someone with enthusiasm but he or she turned you down without giving any reason, would you be annoyed? Would you think him or her rude? What if he or she was a foreigner? [2] I once attended a Model United Nations conference in Beijing. Students from over 30 countries gathered there to play the roles of diplomats. At an event called Global Village, my friends and I showed some special products from our hometown Yangzhou to the international students [3] 0ne of the things we presented was a kind of candy. At the end of the event, we had some candies left over.Some Pakistani students were passing by, so I asked them: "Do you want some candies?" To my surprise, they all just smiled, waved their hands and said "no, thanks", without giving any reasons.I thought: "They are so rude! Even if they don't like candies, they should at least accept them out of politeness." [4] The next day, during our lunch break, a Chinese student offered a Pakistani student some cookies.Again the latter refused.The Chinese student then asked: " Why not? They are delicious ! " Standing next to them, I thought: "Of course he refused.Pakistanis don' t know how to be polite." However, the Pakistani student
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said: " We are Muslims(穆斯林) .We don' t usually cat food offered to us in foreign countries because we don't know what's in it. The food we eat has to be made according to certain customs." I was dumbstruck. The Pakistani students had refused our food because of , not because they were rude. I felt sorry about my rushed judgment. [5] This incident taught me not to reach quick conclusions when facing cultural differences. By simply making an effort to understand different cultural practices, we can improve mutual understanding and become more tolerant of others. 66.What did the author present to the international students at Model United Nations conference? ( no more than 6 words) 67.What was the author's first impression of Pakistani students? (no more than 4 words) 68.What does the underlined phrase "the latter" refer to? ( no more than 3 words) 69.Fill in the blank with proper words in paragraph 4. (no more than 3 words)

70.What lesson did the author learn from the incident? ( no more than 8 words)

第二节写作(满分 30 分) 假设你是新华中学的学生李华。你校校报正在举行以“Helping others is helping your-self"为话题的英文征文比赛。请根据以下提示写一篇短文参赛。 1.你一次帮助他人的经历; 2.你受人帮助的情况; 3.你的感想。 注意:1.词数:120 - 150; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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