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2010届高考英语完形填空解题指导---议论文,说明文、夹叙夹议和记叙文突破


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2010 届高考英语完形填空解题指导-议论文突破 议论文是一种剖析事物、论述事理、发表见解或提出主张的 说理性文章。议论文的目的不仅是客观的解释事物,还力图说服读者 相信并接受某一观点。英语议论文不完全等同于汉语的议论文,它涉 及的范围要小得多。有人把英语中的议论文旧理解

为论证文、推理文 或辩论文,还有人直接将议论文归入到了说明文当中。但笔者认为就 写作目的与写作手法而言, 英语议论文与英语说明文还是有一定的区 别的。首先,英语说明文主要是对提出的主题进行“说明”和“阐 述”,并不进行正反评判和推理,也不强迫读者接受作者的观点;而 英语议论文主要是就某一主题,在摆出正反两方面观点的基础上,通 过论证、推理辩论等手段,试图让读者最终接受作者对这一主题的某 种观点。尽管有时也不一定非常明确的交待正反观点,但力图通过推 理让读者赞同自己的观点始终是英语议论文的主要目的。
议论文的应用范围很广,除了学术论文外,社论、评论、杂文,随感等都属议论文的范 畴。 不管是在汉语中,还是在英语中,议论文都是由论点(作者的观点,也就是被证明的对 象、论据(用来证明论点的依据,是说明论点的理由和材料)和论证(运用论据证明论点的 过程与方法) 这三个要素构成的, , 这也是一个提出问题——分析问题——解决问题的过程。 因此,典型的议论文一般就由序论(提出问题,即 what)、本论(分析问题,即 why)和 结论(解决问题,即 how)三个部分构成,其具体的结构模式又有以下三种: 模式一:引言段(提出观点)——正方论点心(支持作者的观点的较弱论点)、正方论 点 2(支持作者的观点的较强论点)、正方论点 3(支持作者观点的最强论点)——结论段 (总结+解决方法,论断或建议) 在这种模式中,文章主体段(中间部分)的每一个部分论述一个论点,这些论点以其重 要性按序排列,最有力、最重要的论点在最后面,以示强调。 模式二:引言段(提出观点)——反面意见(反方观点+作者的反驳)、正方论点 1(支 持作者观点的较弱论点)、正方论点 2(支持作者观点的较强论点)、正方论点 3(支持作 者观点的最强论点)——结论段(总结+解决方法,论断或建议) 在这种模式中,文章立体段的一开始就提出对立方的反面意见及作者对这种意见的反 驳,以后各部分仍分别陈述作者的不同论点。 模式三:引言段(提出观点)——反方观点 1+进行反驳的正方论点、反方观点 2+进行

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反驳的正方论点、反方观点 3+进行反驳的正方论点——结论段(总结+解决方法,论断或建 议) 在这种模式中, 作者在文章主体段的每一部分都先提出一个反面观点, 然后再进行反驳。 议论文有自己的语言个性,它不同于记叙文的生动形象,也不同于说明文的简明易懂。 议论是对具体事物、事理作出的理论上分析与阐述,因此,它的语言自然客观的、抽象的、 概括的。同时,它的语言也很准确,合乎逻辑。文中会较多地使用,诸如 since(既然), now that(既然),therefore(因而),in that case(在那种情况下),so(所以), It follows that?(因而?),If?,we may conclude that ?(如果??,我们可以这 样下结论??),Should it be the case (如果是这样的话??),Idon?t want to?,but? (我并不想??),It is true that?,but?(诚然??但是??),Even if ?(即使??) 等有辩论和推理含义的连接和过渡词语与结构,以增强语言的准确性和逻辑性。此外,作者 的写作态度一般也较诚恳, 在文章中通常使用的是与读者平等交流的语气, 不会给人以居高 临下、以势居人、逼人接受的感觉,在遣词造句方面多使用虚拟语气、让步状语从句和 can, may, might, could, would, should 等情态动词。 同学们在解答议论文体的完形填空时,首先要读懂第一节,尤其是文章的第一句话, 这样就可以迅速找到文章所要论证的观点,进而理解全文的主旨大意。其次要恶心体会,作 者谋篇布局的方法,了解各个段落的功能,感受作者论证的过程。最后再循着作者的思路重 读全文,推敲各空答案。 请看下面的例题: (一) Recently, a professor of philosophy(哲学) in the United States has written a book called Money and the Meaning of Life. He has 1._____ that how we deal with money in our day to day life has more meaning than we usually 2._____. One of the exercises he has asked his students to do is to keep a 3_____ of every penny they spend for a week. From the 4._____ they spend their money, they can see what they really 5._____ in life. The professor says our 6._____ with others often becomes clearly defined(明确) when money enters the picture. You 7._____ have wonderful friendship with somebody and you think that you are very good friends. But you will know him only when you ask him to lend you some 8._____. If he does, it brings something to the relationship that seems 9._____ than ever before. 10._____it can suddenly weaken the relationship if he doesn?t. Since money is so important to us, we consider those who are 11._____ to be very important. The professor 12._____some rich people in researching his book. Question: What is the most 13._____ thing you have discovered about being rich? Answer: The most surprising thing is why people give me so much 14._____. I am nothing. I don?t know much. All I am is rich. People just have an idea of making more and more money, but what is it 15._____? How much money do I need for any given 16._____ in my life? In his book, the professor uncovered an important 17._____ in modern society: to bring back the idea that the money is an instrument 18._____than the end. Money plays an important 19._____ in the material world, but 20._____ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. 1.A.pointed B. studied C. discovered D. noticed 2.A.imagine B. think C. recognize D. plan 3.A.secrect B. diary C. promise D. record 4.A.way B. method C. opinion D. attitude
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5.A.mean B. value C. get D. make 6.A.work B. friendship C. relation D. union 7.A.should B. must C. had to D. might 8.A.cars B. books C. rooms D. money 9.A.stronger B. weaker C. worse D. looser 10.A.But B. Otherwise C. And D. Then 11.A.rich B. poor C. helpful D. ordinary 12.A.saw B. interviewed C. questioned D. knew 13.A.puzzling B. disappointing C. surprising D. interesting 14.A.worry B. doubt C. hate D. respect 15.A.about B. against C. for D. at 16.A.achievemant B. result C. purpose D. success 17.A.need B. discovery C. lack D. event 18.A.better B. rather C. more D. less 19.A.action B. performance C. role D. trick 20.A.demanding B. hoping C. getting D. expecting 内容概要: 本文阐述了金钱在生活中的意义和作用, 文章认为钱只是一种工具而不应该 是追求的目标。 答案简析: 1、选 C。discover 表示发现某一现象,在此较为合乎逻辑。第 17 空前的 uncover 一词 对此也有启示作用。 2、选 B。这里强调的是人们的普遍观点,故用 think。 3、选 D。keep a record 意为“记录??”,符合教授的意图。 4、选 A。记下花钱的“方式”,有助于人们反思自己在生活中,实际上总是注重一些 什么东西。 5、选 B。value 意为“珍惜”、“重视”。 6、选 C。relation(关系)是中性词,合乎这里的情境。 7、选 D。might 表示“也许”,在几个词中语气最弱,符合下一句所揭示的语境。 8、选 D。由下文可知,这里指“借钱”。 9、选 A。愿意借钱了,关系自然比以前更牢固。从下一句的 weaken 一词中也能得到启 示。 10、选 B。otherwise 意为“否则”或“反过来”,它表示对立关系,而 but 表示“转 折”关系,即不一定是相反的关系。该句表示借钱怎么样,不借钱怎么样,故用 otherwise 更为合适。 11、选 A。由“钱很重要”推断出“有钱人也很重要”,合乎逻辑。另下一句中也提到 了 rich people。 12、选 B。interview 表示“拜访、采访”;question 表示提问,用在警察对普通人, 老师对学生等场合较多。为了写书而对他人进行访谈,似乎用 interview 更好些。 13、选 C。下一句重现了该词。 14、选 D。由后面三句话不难推知,此处应为一个表示积极意义的态度。 15、选 C。what for 表示原因,下文解释了这方面的原因。 16、选 C。given purpose 意思为设定好的目标,此句意为“要多少钱来实现一生中的 那些目标呢”。 17、选 A。冒号后就是“需求”的具体内容。

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18、选 B。rather than 意为“而不是”,the end 表示“目的”。 19、选 C。根据意义和搭配选定。 20、选 D。根据意义和搭配可以排除另三项。 (二) I consider myself something of an expert on apologies. A quick temper(脾气) has 1._____ me with plenty of opportunities(机会) to make them. In one of my earliest 2._____, my mother is telling me, “Don?t watch the 3._____ when you say, ?I?m sorry. Hold your head up and look the person in the 4._____, so he?ll know you 5._____ it. My mother thus made the key point of a(n) 6._____ apology: it must be direct. You must never 7._____ to be doing something else. You do not 8._____ a pile of letters while apologizing to a person 9._____ in position after blaming him or her for a mistake that turned out to be your 10._____. You do not apologize to a hostess(女主人), whose guest of honor you treat 11._____, by sending flowers the next day without mentioning your bad 12._____. One of the important things you should do for an 13._____ apology is readiness to 14._____ the responsibility(责任) for our careless mistakes. We are used to making excuses, which leaves no 15._____ for the other person to 16._____ us. Since most people are open-hearted, the no-excuse apology leaves both parties feeling 17._____ about themselves. That, after all, is the 18._____ of every apology. It 19._____ little whether the apologizer is wholly or only partly at fault: answering for one?s 20._____ encourages others to take their share of the blame. 1.A.provided B. mixed C. compared D. treated 2.A.dreams B. courses C. memories D. ideas 3.A.side B. ground C. wall D. bottom 4.A.mind B. soul C. face D. eye 5.A.imagine B. enjoy C. mean D. regret 6.A.useful B. successful C. equal D. basic 7.A.pretend B. forget C. refuse D. expect 8.A.hold on B. put away C. look through D. pick up 9.A.poorer B. weaker C. worse D. lower 10.A.fault B. reason C. result D. duty 11.A.cruelly B. freely C. roughly D. foolishly 12.A.manners B. excuses C. efforts D. roles 13.A.active B. effective C. extra D. easy 14.A.raise B. perform C. admit D. bear 15.A.situation B. need C. sign D. room 16.A.advise B. forgive C. warn D. blame 17.A.wiser B. warmer C. better D. cleverer 18.A.purpose B. method C. end D. advantage 19.A.cares B. matters C. depends D. remains 20.A.facts B. states C. rights D. actions 内容概要: 本文阐述了一个观点, 道歉要真诚, 要敢于承担责任, 同时也批评了一些 “假” 道歉的行为。 答案简析: 1、选 A。provide ? with 意为“向??提供??”,这一说法颇具幽默色彩。 2、选 C。紧接着的就是作者回忆出来的内容。

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3、选 B。与后面提到的“要抬起头”正好相反。 4、选 D。道歉时看着对方的眼睛,以示真诚,在这一点上中西方是一样的。 5、选 C。mean it 意为“这样对方就会明白你有道歉的意思”。it 在这里指道歉的行 为。 6、选 B。冒号后的内容即为“成功的”道歉的一些基本特征。 7、选 A。根据常识选定。 8、选 C。其他三个选项不合语境。 9、选 D。职位一般论的是高、低。 10、选 A。与前面的 mistake 同义。turn out 意为“后来证明是”。 11、选 C。roughly 此处表示对待客人不礼貌,服务不到位。从前面的要不要道歉的讨 论可以猜出这一答案。 12、选 A。bad manners 意为不礼貌的行为,从 treat roughly 这一信息不难推测出这 一答案。 13、选 B。effective 与 successful 有异曲同工之妙。 14、选 D。bear the responsibility(承担责任),系习惯搭配。 15、选 D。leave no room 不留余地。 16、选 B。经常找借口,那么也就会不留余地地给别人来“原谅”自己。 17、选 C。better 表示“心情更舒畅”。未找借口的道歉,即真诚的道歉,对方的感觉 一定很好。 18、选 A。道歉的最终“目的”是化干戈为玉帛,大家和好如初,所以用 purpose。 end 表示“目的”时用复数较多,而且不及 purpose 直接。 19、选 B。道歉者是全部还是部分承担责任这些都不太重要:关键是为所作所为主动负 责,这也能促使别人共同承担责任。 根据语境不难排除另三个选项。 20、选 D。根据行文逻辑应该是对自己的“行动”负责。answer for 在此意为“对?? 负责”。 (三) Are you carrying too much on your back at school? Lots of kids(孩子) at the same age as you are. Not only are students in China 1_____ from this problem, but kids in the United States are 2____ fed up with(饱受??之苦) heavy school bags. Experts are starting to 3_____ that more and more young students are having back and neck problems as a result of school bags 4_____ too heavy for them. “It?s hard for me to get up the 5_____ with my bag because it?s so heavy,” said Rich Hammond, 6_____11-year-old student in the US. Rick is among the students who have 7_____ backpacks(背包)with two straps(带子) to carry them, 8____ a number of other students choose rolling backpacks. But even with rolling backpacks, 9____ up stairs and buses with them is 10____ a problem for kids. Many of them have hurt their knees, backs or necks because of heavy school bags. But how much is too 11_____? Experts say students should carry 12____ more than 10 to 15 per cent of their own body weight. Scott Bautch, a Wisconsin 13_____doctor, said kids under 4th grade should 14____with 10 per cent. But it?s also important that older kids don?t go 15____ 15 percent, because their bones are still growing. Bautch explained that there are other injuries caused by backpacks. “Kids are 16_____ their
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balance and falling down with these backpacks,” he said. Parents and teachers are starting to tell the kids to only take 17_____ library books they will be reading that night. Some teachers are using worksheets(作业纸) or 18_____ workbooks for students to take home. One of the best answers is, as some 19_____ themselves suggested, to have no homework 20_____! 1.A.meeting B. facing C. experiencing D. suffering 2.A.already B. always C. yet D. also 3.A.explain B. say C. worry D. announce 4.A.being B. be C. are D. is 5.A.schools B. stairs C. houses D. homes 6.A.this B. that C. a D. an 7.A.special B. unusual C. ordinary D. regular 8.A.when B. then C. but D. and 9.A.getting B. climbing C. going D. turning 10.A.only B. still C. even D. just 11.A.more B. very C. much D. many 12.A.no B. not C. any D. much 13.A.children B. student C. bag D. back 14.A.carry B. stay C. take D. bring 15.A.about B. under C. beyond D. before 16.A.keeping B. missing C. losing D. making 17.A.home B. class C. school D. city 18.A.valuable B. thin C. important D. interesting 19.A.reports B. teachers C. parents D. kids 20.A.at all B. after all C. in all D. for all 内容概要: 本文论述了沉重的书包对孩子身体所带来的危害, 文章最后借用孩子的口吻 发出了呼唤——取消家庭作业。 答案简析: 1、选 D。由后面的 also fed up with(也饱受??之苦)选定。 2、选 D。not only?but also 系习惯搭配。 3、选 C。学生负担重,是一个人人皆知的现象,无需专家指出,故排除 A、B、D 三个 选项。 4、选 A。of 后是一个介词短语,故选非谓语动词 being。 5、选 B。由副词 up 可排除另三个选项。 6、选 D。此处表示泛指,故用不定冠词,又由于 eleven 以元音开头,所以选择 an。 7、选 D。这里的 regular 等于 usual,意为“正常的、通常的”,背着书包上学,确实 应视为“正常”现象。 8、选 C。使用带滚轮的书包是有悖于背书包上学这一正常现象的,前后意义在此形成 转折。 9、选 A。上文已呈现过这一说法,此外,另三个选项不能与 bus 搭配。 10、选 B。根据 even 选定。 11、选 C。 由主语中的 much 推定。 12、选 A。no more than 意为“仅仅”。not more than 意为“不超过”,须后接一个

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固定值,10 to 15 表示的是一个区间,数值并不固定,故舍去 D。 13、选 D。通过排除法选定。儿科医生用 baby doctor,所以 A 是不能选用的。 14、选 B。stay 表示“坚持,承受”。另三词后面不能用 with。 15、 C。 beyond 意为“超出”。 选 前面已交待过学生背负的重量应在自身体重量的 10% 至 15%之间,即不能“超出”15%。 16、选 C。背着背包跌倒的原因就是身体“失去”平衡。 17、选 A。第 18 空后再现了 take home 这一说法,此外,另三个词是名词,不能作状 语,所以应舍去。 18、选 B。这里讨论的是作业的量,而不是质,故选 thin。 19、选 D。全文谈的是学生学习负担沉重的事,因此,由 themselves ,我们首先联想 到的是 kids。 20、选 A。根据全文意义和与否定词经常连用的特点选定 at all。 2010 届高考英语完形填空解题指导---说明文突破 说明文是对事物的特征、本质、性能、状态,或事物的发生、发展、结果、用途、原理 等进行介绍、解释、说明的一种文体。它所说明的对象可以是实体的事物,如仪器仪表、自 然环境等,也可以是抽象的事理、如概念、原理、定律、规章等。它包括说明书、解说词、 文献资料、图表等形式。尽管说明文中可能会掺有一些记述、描写或议论的成分,但说明文 的最主要表达方式还是说明。 必须说明的是与汉语说明文相比, 英语说明文所涉及的范围似 乎更大,在英语中,天文地理、人情世故、客观事物、主观意识等宇宙间的一切都可以通过 说明文加以阐述说明,象 the importance of being on tie(准时的重要性)和 the happiness of reading books(读书之乐)之类的话题,在汉语中似乎应该属于议论文的范围,但在英语中 却一般列在说明文中。 与英语记叙文相比,英语说明文的语言特征并不那么明显。但尽管如此,也还是有一些 语言现象在英语说明文中经常出现。 1、多用现在时态。因为说明文通常是对客观事物或事理的一种介绍与解释,而这种客 观介绍与解释一般是不随时间和空间的变化而改变的。 2、采用客观描述。说明文一般是对客观存在的说明与介绍,因此,语言的表述也应该 尽可能地给人以客观可信的感觉。 在英语中, 使用被动语态 (如用 It is said that?替代 I think that?),引进权威的信息来源(如用 according to sb 替代 in my ipinion),选用委婉语是使 说明文避免主观色彩,增加客观性,从而为读者接受的重要语言手段。 3、遣词用字简炼、平实、确切。 说明文的主要目的是帮助读者认清事物,明白事理,故其语言通常较为浅显、通俗,比 较易于读者理解。其内容也很客观真实,它的用词总是贴近事物的本来面目,不会使用华丽 的词藻和夸张的写作手法, 一般也不加描述和议论 (这与记叙文、 描写文和议论文是不同的。 ) 解答说明文体裁的完形填空题是要着重把握这样两个方面: 1、弄清叙述的顺序。在说明的过程中,条理化是非常重要的,因为客观事物本身是有 条理性,按照客观事物本身的条理进行解说,说明的效果就比较好。有些事物本身可能并无 明显的条理性,这时,作者会选择一个合适的角度,有条不紊地对其加以说明。常见的说明 顺序有时间顺序、空间顺序、逻辑顺序(指先因后果或先果后因,先主后次的顺序)和认识 顺序(指由此及彼,由浅入深,由局部到整体,由现象到本质,由具体到抽象的顺序)。把 握了说明的顺序,就能准确把握文章的脉络。 2、了解说明文的种类。说明文依照内容展开方式可以分以下几类: (1)过程说明文。这是用得最广的一种说明文,它又分为人为过程的说明文(给予指令 或建议)和自然过程的说明文(提供信息和分析)两种,文章形式既有实用性较强的产品介

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绍,生活知识;也有专业性很强的学术论文;还有幽默风趣的科学小品等。过程说明文中的 时态通常用一般现在时。 (2)实例说明文。它是用实例、事实来阐述特征过程、现象、观点的一种说明文。那些 空洞的概念和高深的理论经过事实和例子的佐证立即就会变得具体明白、简单起来。 (3)比较(对比)说明文。它是运用比较和对比的手段来分析和说明事物的一种说明文。 通过比较相似事物和对比相异事物,可以使事理更加明了。 (4)分类说明文。对于复杂事物,往往可以根据它的性质、形状、成因、功能等属性的 差别,分成若干类,然后依照类别分别进行说明。通过分类说明可以加深读者对事物本质的 了解。 (5)因果说明文。通过分析事物的因果关系阐明事物的性质或经过的文章称为因果说明 文。在对有关因果关系透彻分析的基础上得出的结论总是令人信服的。 (6)界说(定义)说明文。就是用简洁而明确的语言把事物的本质属性揭示出来,给人 们以清晰的概念。界说(定义)说明文中总是有一个定义句,其句式为被定义对象的所属类 别+限制性定语。定义句中限制性定语越详细,定义就越精确,如 A bat(蝙蝠)is a small mouse-like animal that flies at night and feeds on fruit and insects but is not a bird .因此, (定 界说 义) 说明文既能使读者对被说明文的事物有一个明确的本质的了解, 又能使读者将该事物与 其他事物区别开来。 英文说明文的写作方式除了以上六种外, 还有其他一些但对于中学生来说, 这六种方式 是首先值得了解的。另外,值得一提的是,在一篇说明文中,常常是以一种写作手法为法, 同时辅以其他写作手法。有时,甚至会几种手法混用,并不分什么主次。 弄清了说明文的种类和不同,说明文的写作特点,有助于我们采取不同的阅读策略, 进而达到迅速、准确理解文章的目的。 请看下面的例题。 (一) One of the most remarkable things about the human mind is our ability to imagine the future. In our 1._____we can see what has not yet happened. For example, while we are looking forward to 2._____a new place or country, we 3._____what it will be like. We predict( 预料) the 4._____ people will eat, dress and act. Of course, we do not always predict things 5._____. Things are often very different from the way we 6._____them to be. One of the 7._____ dreams in history is the dream of the German scientist, Kekule, who had been 8._____ to work out a very difficult problem in physics. He had 9._____and analysed(分析) the problem from every angle(角度) for days, but there 10._____ to be no way of 11._____ out the answer. Then one night he went to bed and dreamed. When he 12._____ up, he realized that he knew the answer. He had solved the problem in his 13._____. The hypnotist(催眠者)sat in the chair opposite him and spoke 14._____: I want you to concentrate on my voice. Think about 15._____. You know nothing but my voice. And as you pay attention to my voice, your 16._____ will get heavier. Soon you?ll be asleep. You will hear my voice and 17._____ my words, but your body will be asleep, your eyes are too heavy. You are 18._____ asleep, and when you wake up you will 19._____ nothing. You will forget everything. Now I am going to 20._____ slowly from one to five. One, two, three, four, five. 1.A.brains B. senses C. minds D. sights 2.A.visiting B. seeking C. reaching D. discovering

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3.A.imagine B. know C. feel D. guess 4.A.custom B. habit C. style D. way 5.A.quickly B. simply C. correctly D. neatly 6.A.required B. wished C. left D. expected 7.A.funny B. dull C. famous D. silly 8.A.managing B. trying C. thinking D. hoping 9.A.studied B. learned C. discussed D. researched 10.A.used B. ought C. seemed D. had 11.A. making B. finding C. turning D. letting 12.A.gave B. sat C. woke D. got 13.A.dream B. lesson C. research D. exercise 14.A.softly B. loudly C. slowly D. firmly 15.A.everything B. something C. nothing D. anything 16.A.eyes B. feet C. head D. body 17.A.believe B. repeat C. take D. understand 18.A.really B. extremely C. actually D. almost 19.A.accept B. remember C. hear D. receive 20.A.count B. say C. add D. speak 内容概要: 本文讲述了人的大脑有预测未来的非凡能力, 甚至在梦中有时也能解决一些 难题。 答案简析: 1、选 C。从前一句话中可以得到足够的启示。 2、选 A。此处强调过程,另三个词系短暂动词,不能这样用。 3、选 A。imagine 表示一种心理描绘,与 look forward to,predict 和 expect 等词 意相吻合。 4、选 D。这里强调的是行为方式。此外,第 6 个空格前重现了类似的表达方式。 5、选 C。情况经常与我们预计的不同,说明我们的预计不总是“正确的”。 6、选 D。四个选项中只有 expect 与 predict 同义。 7、选 C。开普勒的梦不具有 funny,dull 和 silly 的特征。 8、选 B。从下文来看,已成功地解决了问题,而不是“想”、“希望”或“努力”去 做。 9、选 A。“研究”与“分析”是紧密相联的。study 此处意为“研究”。research 作 “研究”讲时,若接宾语,须加上介词 on 或 into。 10、选 C。凭语感确定。 11、选 B。find out 意为“弄清”、“找出”。其余三个词组不合文意。 12、选 C。wake up“醒来”,符合情节发展的进程:睡觉——做梦——醒来。 13、选 A。由前文可知,他是在“梦”中解决了难题。 14、选 A。softly 意为 gently and slowly,这是催眠者对催眠对象应该采用的方式。 15、选 C。从前后句来看,催眠者希望他什么也不要想。 16、选 A。从下文 your eyes are too heavy 一句中可得到暗示。 17、选 D。听到并且“理解”合乎逻辑。 18、选 D。almost asleep 意为迷迷糊糊地睡着了,从眼皮沉重,还有简单的思维活动 来看,不能说是完全睡着了。 19、选 B。这里的 remember nothing 等于下一句中的 forget everything。

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20、选 A。后面列举的一、二、三、四、五这一串数字,表明“计数”已经开始。 (二) The Voice of America began during the World War II. When Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international 1_____, American officials believed they should 2_____ the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in 3_____ . “The 4_____may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA 5_____ were broadcasting in Italian, French and English. After the World War II ended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA?s 6_____ had to be changed, 7_____ the Soviet Union became enemy of America. They wanted to 8 _____ Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian. In the early years VOA began adding something new to its broadcast that was 9_____ “ Music USA”. Another new idea came along in 1959. VOA knew that many listeners did not know 10_____English to completely understand its 11_____English broadcast. So VOA 12 _____ a simpler kind of English, 13_____uses about 1,500 words and is spoken 14_____ of course, it is special English. In the 15_____ of most VOA listeners, the most 16_____program is the news report. News from around the world 17_____ into the VOA news rooms in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in 18_____ cities and also from other 19_____ like BBC. VOA writers and editors use these materials to 20_____ news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages. 1.A.business B. culture C. support D. information 2.A.reply B. answer C. join D. interrupt 3.A.same B. short C. English D. German 4.A.news B. problems C. effects D. opinions 5.A.stations B. news C. announcers D. officials 6.A.home B. position C. purpose D. results 7.A.if B. supposing C considering D. in order that 8.A.reach B. satisfy C. attack D. support 9.A.known B. reported C. called D. printed 10.A.American B. British C. standard D. enough 11.A.normal B. fast C. good D. exact 12.A.invented B. discovered C. taught D. stopped 13.A.it B. who C. which D. that 14.A.slowly B. rapidly C. normally D. loudly 15.A.pleasure B. course C. opinion D. advice 16.A.difficult B. important C. various D. common 17.A.flies B. sends C. delivers D. pasts 18.A.all B. major C. American D. news 19.A.broadcasts B. forms C. newspapers D. countries 20.A.broadcast B. announce C. translate D. prepare 内容概要:本文讲述了 VOA(美国之音)电台的开办、发展的一些过程,重点说明了 它的办台宗旨。 答案简析 1、选 C。二战期间,德国做广播节目的初衷应是呼吁国际“支持(support)”,而不

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可能是另三项。 2、选 B。由 with words 可以想到 answer。reply 后接宾语时要加 to。 3、选 D。要回复德国电台,得用“德文”来播,这样德国人能听懂。 4、选 A。前文已说了播出的是 news report。 5、选 C。播音的主体当然是 announcers(播音员)了。 6、选 C。VOA 电台成立之初的目标主要是对二战中的一些敌对国家进行宣传,随着二战 结束,敌对国家有所改变,那么广播的目的与对象的也应随之而改变。 7、选 C。considering“考虑到??”,表示改变广播目的背景。 8、选 A。reach 是中性词,其他三词要么是褒义,要么是贬义,在此不合语境。 9、选 C。凭语感选定。 10、选 D。对英语不是很精通才导致不能完全听懂英文广播的。 11、选 A。区别于后文提到的 special English。 12、选 A。原来没有的东西,现在有了,故用 invent。 13、选 C。引导非限制性定语从句,指物。 14、选 A。正常英语听不懂,除了词汇问题,更重要的还有语速问题,即速度要“慢”。 15、选 C。后面叙述的就是看法、观点。 16、选 B。后面的内容体现了新闻报道的重要性。 17、选 A。flies 表达了新闻的及时、快速的特点,其余的词没有这种意思。 18、选 B。major cities 指大城市。根据常识可排除 A、D,根据 around the world, 可排除 C。 19、选 A。由 like 可知,所选词须与 BBC 同类。 20、选 D。由后面的定语从句可以推知,这里指新闻报道的前期“准备”工作,包括选 材、翻译、录音等一系列工作。 (三) Leonardo da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503. He was working 1____ a special painting for a church at that time, 2_____ the church painting was not 3_____ well. An Italian businessman asked da Vinci to paint a picture of his second 4_____. This is the woman who 5____ be seen in the Mona Lisa. All in all, the Mona Lisa is a very good example of da Vinci?s 6_____ and it satisfied the husband. Da Vinci used 7_____ and light in a clever 8____ in the painting. Da Vinci loved science and 9____. Right away a person can see that there is a lot of geometry(几何形状) in the Mona Lisa. The face of the Mona Lisa is made of many circles and 10_____ shapes like 11_____. Even her 12____ can be seen as a small part of a large circle. The woman in the 13 _____ is sitting on a balcony(阳台), and 14_____ can be seen behind her. Da Vinci loved to study rocks, so these can be seen 15____ in his other paintings. The woman is sitting with her knees 16____ the side. Her head is turned to look out of the painting. Her hands are 17_____ together in front of her. This way of 18_____ is now used by many 19_____ when 20_____. The Mona Lisa is a remarkable master. 1.A.up B.in C.on D.about 2.A.but B.thus C.however D.so 3.A.doing B.going C.making D.working 4.A.servant B.daughter C.nurse D.wife 5.A.must B.should C.might D.can 6.A.works B.jobs C.novels D.photos
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7.A.heaviness B.black C.darkness D.oils 8.A.way B.picture C.hand D.eye 9.A.chemistry B.maths C.geography D.biology 10.A.square B.round C.long D.egg 11.A.balls B.sticks C.vases D.boxes 12.A.smile B.shout C.cry D.anger 13.A.church B.painting C.sofa D.house 14.A.trees B.buildings C.mountains D.flowers 15.A.by and by B.here and there C.over and over D.up and down 16.A.on B.by C.to D.beyond 17.A.caught B.held C.supported D.hung 18.A.painting B.living C.smiling D.sitting 19.A.women B.actresses C.girls D.models 20.A.they are being painted B.painting C.being painted D.they have painted 内容概要:文章描述了达·芬奇的名画《蒙娜丽莎》的由来以及其中的一些细节,并从 专业与大众的角度对该画以及该画的影响做了诠释。 答案简析: 1、选 C。work on 指从事某一件事。 2、选 A。上下文意义有“转折”关系。 3、选 B。go well 表示进展顺利,如:Everything goes well(一切顺利)。 4、选 D。从后面的 the husband 中可以得到足够的启示。 5、选 D。这一用法在本文中出现了多次。 6、选 A。works 意为“作品”。《蒙娜丽莎》应是达·芬奇的“作品”之一。 7、选 C。与 light 相对应的是 darkness。 8、选 A。明暗对比是绘画技巧、方法之一。 9、选 B。在其画中大量使用几何形状,说明他喜爱“数学”。 10、选 B。和 circles 相当的自然是“round”shapes。 11、选 A。圆形的东西,四个选项中只有 balls 肯定是。 12、选 A。根据常识,B、C、D 三项无法用几何图形来表达。 13、选 B。the woman 指的就是“画”中的蒙娜丽莎。 14、选 C。由后面的 rocks 可以联想到 mountains。 15、选 C。在其它的一些画中也能看到 rocks,说明 rocks“反复地、再三地” 出现在 他的画中。 16、选 C。to the side 指侧向一边,符合画的意境。 17、选 B。保持身体姿势怎样用 hold。 18、选 D。前面谈的就是蒙娜丽莎的“坐”姿。 19、选 D。仿效这种坐姿的应是艺术“模特”。 20、选 A。模特应该是在供人们作画时才摆出这种坐姿的。 (四) We know the kiss as a form of expressing affection(情感,喜爱). But long 1____ it became it, it was customary in many countries to use it as a(n) 2_____ of respect. Some native Africans 3_____the ground over which a chief(首领)has walked. Kissing the hand and foot has been a mark of respect from the 4_____ times. The early Romans kissed the mouth or eyes 5 _____a form of dignified(高贵的) greeting. One

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Roman emperor allowed his important nobles to kiss his lips, but the 6_____ important ones had to kiss his hands, and the 7_____important ones were 8______allowed to kiss his feet! Most likely the kiss as a form of affection can be traced back to primitive(上古的,原始的) times when a mother 9_____ fondle(爱抚) her child, just as a mother 10_____ today. It only remained for society to 11_____this as a custom for expressing affection between arms. We have evidence(根据) that this was already the 12 _____ by the time of the sixth century, but we can only suppose it was 13 _____ long before that. The first 14 _____ where the kiss became accepted in courtship(求婚) was in France. From France the kiss spread rapidly all over Europe. Russia, which loved to 15_____the customs of France, soon adopted it. A kiss from the Tsar(沙皇) became 16 _____ of the highest forms of recognition from the Crown. In time, the kiss became a part of courtship. 17_____ marriage customs developed, the kiss became a part of the 18_____ ceremony 典礼, 仪式) Today we regard it as an expression of love . and tenderness. 19_____ there are still many places in the world where the kiss is 20_____ of formal ceremonies and is intended to show respect. 1A.after B. before C. until D. since 2.A.custom B. tradition C. expression D. affection 3.A.watch B. touch C. kiss D. greet 4.A.earliest B. latest C. longest D. eldest 5.A.of B. as C. for D. in 6.A.not B. little C. less D. least 7.A.last B. less C. most D. least 8.A.too B. also C. only D. ever 9.A.would B. could C. should D. will 10.A.would B. has C. doing D. does 11.A.express B. allow C. kiss D. accept 12.A.case B. event C. history D. evidence 13.A.expressed B. practised C. kissed D. discovered 14.A.city B. tribe(部落) C. society D. country 15.A.allow B. copy C. spread D. use 16.A.one B. it C. this D. that 17.A.Since B. Once C. While D. As 18.A.meeting B. greeting C. marrying D. wedding 19.A.And B. Thus C. But D. When 20.A.bit B. part C. some D. any 内容概要:文章运用许多事例阐述了“kiss”的起源、发展及其功能。 答案简析: 1、选 B。今天,我们所了解的亲吻的功能是表示爱慕这样的情感,那么用亲吻表示尊 敬,则应是“以前”的事了。 2、选 C。与开头 expressing 相呼应,故用 expression。第 19 空前再现了类似说法。 3、选 C。前后谈论的都是“亲吻”。 4、选 A。这句话仍然是对联 But long before it became it ?一句的例证,故发生的 时间也应在很久以前。 5、选 B。类似结构还有 the kiss as a form of affection,as an expression of 等。 6、选 C。国王把人分成几个等级,从吻的部位不难看出一个人的地位。

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7、选 D。仅让其吻身体最低部位的脚,可见其地位最低。 8、选 C。由上下文和句末感叹号推知。 9、选 A。would 可用来表示过去的习惯性行为。 10、选 D。does 替代前文提到的 fondles her child。 11、选 D。根据上下文不难排除余者。 12、选 A。case“情况”,event“事件”,history“历史”,evidence“证据”。主 语 this 指的是前两句话的内容,显然可以视其为一种“情况”。 13、选 B。风俗被“实践”,合乎语境。 14、选 C。这里的 society 指群体,city,trible 较为片面,较为武断,不能选用。 15、选 B。很快采纳了法国的做法,说明它爱“效仿”法国。 16、选 A。根据词的用法即可选定。 17、选 D。发展(develop)、变化(become)是有过程的,故选 as(随着)。 18、选 D。只有“婚礼”与婚姻相关。 19、选 C。下一句所描述的亲吻功能正好与前面相反。 20、选 B。part of 意为“??的一部分”。 (五) In the capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince(太子港), the most popular form of transportation is the “tap tap”. The tap tap is the quickest means of 1_____ transportation and the least costly way to 2_____ around. It is also a 3 _____ happening. It is 4 _____ you get the news of the day or something. A tap tap is a pickup truck that has been changed into a 5_____ work of art. To make a tap tap, a designer first draws the layout(设计图) and a workman builds a 6_____ wooden box to protect people from the sun or the rain. There are two long benches inside for at least twelve people to sit somewhat 7_____. Lastly the artist and a painter work together to 8_____ a colorful covering of the drawings. Each tap tap is a 9 _____ work of art and no two are the same. 10_____ you to visit Port-au-Prince, you could not 11_____ these very colorful works of art. There are three to four thousand tap taps in Port-au-Prince. They are different 12 _____ size and 13 _____. Some are big, some small; some are 14 _____, some beautiful and colorful. Although most of the tap taps are built to carry 15_____ or so people at a time, they often carry more people. The fanciest tap taps always have more customers waiting for a ride. In Port-au-Prince, people who 16_____ afford to buy their own private cars usually ride the taps. These trucks are also very 17_____ for children going to and from school. Whenever I travel to Haiti, it is always a 18 _____ to see so many wonderful newly-painted tap taps with all the people inside. The thing I like best is that you 19______ know who you might meet inside because in Haiti we are almost all 20_____ with each other. 1.A.official B.personal C.national D.public 2.A.take B.walk C.turn D.get 3.A.social B.usual C.real D.useful 4.A.what B.how C.where D.whether 5.A.mobile B.natural C.fixed D.perfect 6.A.open B.covered C.big D.small 7.A.properly B.happily C.separately D.comfortably 8.A.design B.describle C.give D.show
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9.A.simple B.particular C.similar D.familiar 10.A.Get B.Set C.Advise D.Were 11.A.find B.remember C.notice D.miss 12.A.in B.of C.for D.about 13.A.color B.shape C.appearance D.speed 14.A.plain B.strange C.dirty D.bright 15.A.a score of B.a dozen C.a hundred D.a number 16.A.needn?t B.shouldn?t C.can?t D.wouldn?t 17.A.possible B.practical C.equal D.dangerous 18.A.dream B.pleasure C.surprise D.problem 19.A.often B.sometimes C.never D.always 20.A.connected B.famous C.friendly D.tied 内容概要:本文介绍了海地首都太子港的一种叫“tap tap”的交通工具,它不仅外形 独特,而且费用低廉,颇受百姓喜爱。 答案简析: 1、选 D。由全文可知,tap tap 是一种“公共”交通工具。 2、选 D。get around 意为“到处旅行”,而 turn around 则表示“转身”。 3、选 A。由下一句可知,车上传播的是“社会”新闻。 4、选 C。where 指在“tap tap”上。 5、选 A。由第三节首句可知,车子本身就是一件艺术品,而车子显然是“移动的”。 6、选 B。用来遮阳挡雨的东西,应该是遮盖式的。 7、选 D。somewhat 意为“稍微,有点”,根据其语气和上下文可逐一排除三个干扰项。 8、选 C。根据词语搭配关系选定。 9、选 B。没有两辆相同,可见每辆车都堪称一件“特别的、独特的”艺术品。 10、选 D。从句子结构和意义来看,该句应是一个虚拟语气的句子,而虚拟条件句在省 略 if 时要将相关助动词提前。 11、选 D。因为是艺术珍品,所以作者建议人们到太子港时一定要上车体验一下,不要 “错失”。 12、选 A。“在??方面不同”介词用 in。 13、选 C。下面一句先讲了车子的大小(size),后讲了外表(appearance)的美丽。 14、选 A。因为是正反对比(从分号前的内容中可以看出),所以前后词的词义范畴必 须一致,且意思正好相反。plain 在此意为“朴素的”。 15、选 B。上文已提到可提供 12 人乘座,12 正好是 a dozen。 16、选 C。afford 常与 can 或 be able to 连用。 17、选 B。从全文来看,作者是推崇这种交通工具的,所以他可能会认为对接送孩子上 学也“实用(practical)”。 18、选 B。a pleasure 令人愉快的事情。从接下来的内容中可以得到足够的启示。 19、选 C。never 可与后面 might 一起表示“你无法料到会碰到谁”,而只有碰到意想 不到的熟人才会让人感到惬意。 选 A。be connected with,意为“与??有关联(有联系)”。 2010 届高考英语完形填空解题指导--夹叙夹议文突破 夹叙夹议就是一方面叙述某一事情,一方面又对此事加以分析与评论。这种表达方式 中的叙与议是一个有机的整体,“叙”是“议”的基础,即议论不能脱离记叙,必须在记叙 的基础上展开;“议”是“叙”的渗透,即议论在记叙的基础上发表,且要有一定的深度与

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广度。 解答夹叙夹议类完形填空题时,思维要有灵活性,要随着记叙与议论的转换,及时调 整思维方式。 请看下面的例题。 (一) Is the world really going mad? 1._____day I was sittng in a restaurant 2._____ a quick drink and a talk with a few friends when it suddenly 3._____ me that almost everyone in the restaurant was smoking. It wasn?t long 4._____ the whole room was 5._____ with smoke. I asked with an apology for 6._____ to open a window to stop myself 7._____! Nowadays air pollution is something that hardly question any more. However, I still can?t walk down the street in any of the big cities without 8._____ that people are 9._____ the air pollution. It is time for the government departments of the world to introduce emission(废气排放) controls on all cars and 10._____ the public transport system(公共交通体系) to encourage people to 11._____ their cars at home. A friend of mine takes flying lesson each morning and it really makes him 12._____ when he climbs above the smog layer(烟雾) and looks down 13._____ it and thinks: “I?m breathing that!” This kind of 14._____ results from the bad management of resources. Waste things can 15._____ should, be treated properly. House building, road 16._____, and industrial development are all earthmoving(or earth-reducing) operations and can change the balances of 17._____ created over millions of years. I would like to 18._____serious studies done on all these main works before they are built. Also, there should be 19._____ national parks set up to keep the most beautiful parts of our countries in their natural 20._____. 1.A.The other B. Another C. Every D. Each 2.A.asking for B. drinking C. having D. buying 3.A.seemed B. struck C. sank D. showed 4.A.ago B. after C. before D. now 5.A.full B. filled C. crowed D. parked 6.A.promise B. help C. suggestion D. permission 7.A.standing B. sitting C. talking D. dying 8.A.thinking B. persuading C. deciding D. learning 9.A.suffering B. dying C. walking D. standing 10.A.increase B. reduce C. improve D. raise 11.A.wash B. repair C. drive D. leave 12.A. sick B. tired C. foolish D. excited 13.A.on B. at C. from D. for 14.A.discussion B. question C. pollution D. operation 15.A.but B. yet C. still D. and 16.A.work B. construction C. building D. setting 17.A.life B. mind C. human being D. plants 18.A.see B. start C. enjoy D. pay 19.A.few B. any C. more D. no 20.A.situation B. states C. soils D. places (1996 年上海夏季高考题) 内容概要:作者通过生活中所遭受的烟雾的侵扰,联想到了污染的危害性, 进而呼吁国家 应大力采取措施来保护环境,尽力使其处于自然状态。

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答案简析: 1、选 A。the other day 意为“几天前”,可以用作状语。 2、选 C。四个选项中只有 have 可以同时后接 a drink 和 a talk 这样两个宾语。 3、 B。 为形式主语,that 从句为真主语从句,全句意为“餐馆里几乎每个人都在抽 选 it 烟,此事突然引起了我的注意”。 C 不能接人, A、 应予排除, show 表示人为地展示给他人看, 在此不合语境。 4、选 C。it is not long before ?是一个句型,表示没过多久就??,由此可以看 出烟雾之大。 5、选 B。根据意义和搭配不难选定。 6、选 D。ask for permission 意为“请求允许”,其他三个选项不合逻辑。 7、选 D。这里有点夸张的味道,从句末的感叹号上也能体会出作者当时的心情。 8、选 A。这里的双重否定表示“一上街就自然地?”。B、C、D 三项明显不合逻辑。 9、选 A。从词语搭配角度考虑。 10、选 C。只有真正地“改善了公共交通系统,才能使市民弃用私车”。 11、选 D。目的就是要鼓励人们把车“停放”在家中。 12、选 A。由于高空中的烟雾,作者朋友在上飞行课时自然会感到身体,尤其是眼睛不 舒服,由作者朋友的心理活动 I?m breathing that 也可作出这种推断。 13、选 B。在高处向下看物体应用 look down at sth。 14、选 C。空中的烟雾应该视作一种“污染”。 15、选 B。此处为递进关系,表示“能且应该”,故用 and。 16、 D。 选 道路应用“建设(construction)”。 building 表示房屋的“建筑”, 应排除。 17、选 A。另三个选项不能概全。 18、选 A。这里表达的是作者的一种愿望。 19、选 C。作者意思是指要通过建公园来保护环境。根据意义不难排除另三个选项。 20、选 B。保持自然状态以用 states 为好。 (二) Looking back on my children, I am convinced(确信) 1_____ naturalists are born and not made. Although we were all brought 2_____ in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon gave up their pressed flowers(压花)and insects. 3_____ them, I had no ear 4_____music and languages, I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic. Before World War I we 5______ our summer holidays in Hungary. I have only the memory of the house we lived 6______, of my room and my toys. 7_____ do I recall(回想起)clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered 8_____ door. But I do have a clear memory of the dogs, the farm 9_____, the local birds and, 10_____all, the insects. I am a 11_____, not a scientist. I have a strong 12______ of natural world, and my enthusiasm(热情) has led me into varied investigation(调查). I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy 13_____ the midnight oil 14_____ reading about other people?s observations and discoveries. Then 15_____ happens that brings these observations together 16_____ my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy(想象) , you see the answer 17_____ the riddle, and books, of which some might honor with the title of scientific research. But curiosity (好奇) a keen , (锐利的) eye, a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant world do not make a scientist; one of the outstanding and essential(基本的)18_____ required is self-discipline(自律), a quality I lack. A scientist requires not only 19_____ but hard training, determination and a goal. A scientist, up to a point, can be made. A naturalist is 20_____.
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If you can combine(使混合)the two, you get the best of both worlds. 1.A.it B. that C. what D. of 2.A.out B. about C. up D. back 3.A.Unlike B. Like C. With D. Against 4.A.of B. at C. to D. for 5.A.spent B. purchased C. wounded D. burnt 6.A.out B. in C. with D. together 7.A.So B. Such C. Nor D. No 8.A.near B. next C. far D. little 9.A.products B. animals C. fields D. skies 10.A.over B. on C. above D. across 11.A.naturalist B. philosopher C. chemist D. mathematician 12.A.wish B. eagerness C. imagination D. love 13.A burning B. making C. hunting D. turning 14.A.as if B. while C. though D. after 15.A.somewhat B. someone C. somewhere D. something 16.A.of B. on C. to D. over 17.A. of B. on C. to D. at 18.A.qualities B. games C. activities D. desires 19.A.self-contained B. self-discipline C. self-centred D. self-governed 20.A.made B. born C. produced D. found 内容概要:作者通过自己成长的过程,热爱自然的经历,阐明了这样一种见解:博物学 家是天生的,而不是后天造就的。 答案简析: 1、选 B。I?m convinced that 相当于 I?m sure that,that 引起一个表语从句。 2、选 C。bring up 意为“抚养,培养”。 3、选 A。前后形成对比。 4、选 D。have no ear for 意为“对??听觉不灵敏”,have no ear to 意为“对?? 不留神”。根据上下文应用前者。 5、选 A。根据词语搭配关系选定。 6、选 B。根据词语搭配关系选定。 7、选 C。由上文的 only 和下文的 but 可以推知此处用否定。 8、选 B。作者家人的居室肯定紧挨着作者的居室。 9、选 B。这里列举的都是动物。 10、选 C。根据意义和词语搭配选定。 11、选 A。切合文章主题。 12、选 D。这是博物学家应有的情怀。 13、选 A。 burn the midnight oil,意为“夜里点着油灯在看书”。 14、选 B。前后两个动作同时发生。 15、选 D。这是倒装句,that 引起的从句作定语,修饰 something。 16、选 C。从习惯搭配角度考虑。 17、选 C。the answer to??是习惯搭配。 18、选 A。后面的同位结构重现了该词。 19、选 B。内容上承接上文。

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20、选 B。这与开头第一句话呼应:naturalists are born and not made。 (三) The 1____ picked up the thermos and poured some hot water into the tea-cup and placed it on the small table in front of his 2____, who were a father and daughter, and put the lid on the cup with a clink. Obviously 3_____ of something, he hurried into the inner room, leaving the 4 _____ on the table. His two guests heard a box of drawers opening and a rustling(飒飒地响). They 5 _____ sitting in the living-room, the 10-year-old daughter, looking at the flowers outside the window. The father was just about to take his cup when the 6 ____ came, right there in the living room. Something was hopelessly broken. It was the thermos, which had fallen to the floor. The girl looked 7 ____ her shoulder at once, startled(吓一跳), 8_____. It was 9 _____.Neither of them had touched it, not even a little bit. The sound caused the host to rush back from the inner room. He looked at the 10_____ floor and blurted out(脱口而出), “It doesn?t matter, it doesn?t matter!” The father started to say something. Then he muttered(嘀咕), “ Sorry, I 11_____ it and it fell.” “It doesn?t matter,” the host said. Later, when they left the house the daughter said, “Daddy, I saw your 12 ____ in the windowpane(玻璃窗). You were sitting perfectly13____. Why did you say…?” The father 14____, “What then would you 15____ as the cause of its fall?” “It fell by itself. The floor is uneven(不平). It wasn?t steady when Mr Li put it there.” “It won?t 16_____, girl. It sounds more 17_____ when I say I knocked it down. There are things people accept less the more you 18_____them. The truer your story is, the less true it sounds.” The daughter was 19_____ in silence for a while. Then she said, “Can you 20____ it only this way?” “Only this way,” the father said. 1.A.owner B. host C. guest D. master 2.A.friends B. neighbors C. children D. guests 3.A.knowing B. remembering C. hearing D. thinking 4.A.thermos B. cup C. lid D. tea 5.A.enjoyed B. remained C. imagined D. hated 6.A.stranger B. host C. crash D. noise 7.A.around B. at C. behind D. over 8.A.staring B. watching C. shouting D. crying 9.A.helpless B. exciting C. strange D. terrible 10.A.broken B. streaming C. dirty D. flooded 11.A.touched B. used C. hit D. moved 12.A.faced B. shadow C. reflection D. action 13.A.calm B. still C. silent D. straight 14.A.shouted B. murmured C. laughed D. repeated 15.A. tell B. make C. accept D. give 16.A.do B. help C. go D. fit 17.A.comfortable B. friendly C. acceptable D. agreeable 18.A.defend B. support C. discuss D. argue
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19.A.kept B. shut C. worried D. lost 20.A.do B. explain C. make D. manage 内容概要:本文中的父亲通过水瓶自爆这一件事情,向女儿阐明了这样一个道理:有些 事情解释得越清楚,别人听起来就越不相信。 答案简析: 1、选 B。由第 10 空前那句话可知,拿水瓶倒茶后进入内室的是主人(host)。 2、选 D。相对于 host 而言。第 4 个空格后又再现了这一信息。 3、选 D。突然想起了什么事情,又匆忙跑进内屋,用 think of 表示“想起来”。此空 可以根据行文逻辑和词语搭配关系选定。 4、选 A。上下呼应。从下面的水瓶掉下地,打碎来推测,水瓶是放在桌子上。另前文 的 place it on the small table 也暗示了这一点。 5、选 B。与主人的“离开”形成对比,客人“仍旧”坐在那儿。 6、 C。 选 通过下文得知, 是水瓶爆了所发出的爆炸应用“crash”。 由第 8 空后的 sound 一词也可得到启发。 7、选 D。look over one?s shoulder 意为“回过头看”,合乎文意。 8、选 A。“叫”“哭”有可能发生在水瓶爆裂的时侯,不可能发生在事后,故排除 C、 D。惊讶时会“盯着看”,合乎常情。 9、选 C。因为没人碰过水瓶,所以事情有点“蹊跷”。 10、选 B。水瓶炸裂,流出热水,自然会冒出蒸气,故用“steaming”。A、D 两个选项 不太可能出现。 11、选 A。由第 17 空后的 knock it down 推知。 12、选 C。因为女儿原是向窗外看的,所以透过窗户玻璃看到的是父亲的“影像”,故 用 reflection。 13、选 B。指身体的纹丝不动用 still,指没有声音用 silent,指心平气和用 calm,这 里显然指身体的未动。straight 较为片面,应舍去。 14、选 C。laugh(笑着说)表明了父亲的睿智。 15、选 D。give 此处表示“给出理由”。 16、选 A。此处 do 为 vi,意为“起作用”,help 没有 do 蕴含丰富。 17、选 C。由行文逻辑和空格后的 accept 推定。 18、选 A。defend sth. 意为“为??而辩解”。全句意为:你越辩解,别人越不相信。 19、选 D。父亲讲得玄乎,女儿听得似懂非懂,be lost 意为“迷茫”。 20、选 B。上文中父亲对水瓶爆裂原因的叙述就是一种“解释”。do 和 manage 也说得 通,但意义较为笼统,不及 explain 含义准确。 (四) One summer night, on my way home from work I decided to see a movie. I knew the theatre would be air-conditioned and I couldn?t face my 1_____ apartment. Sitting in the theatre I had to look through the 2_____between the two tall heads in front of me. I had to keep changing the 3____every time she leaned over to talk to him. 4_____ he leaned over to kiss her. Why do Americans display such 5____ in a public place? I thought the movie would be good for my English, but 6_____ it turned out, it was an Italian movie. 7____ about an hour I decided to give up on the movie and 8_____ on my popcorn. I?ve never understood why they give you so much popcorn! It tasted pretty good, 9____. Afetr a while I heard 10____ more of the romantic-sounding Italians. I just heard the 11____ of the popcorn crunching(咀嚼) between my teeth. My thought started to 12 _____. I remembered when I was in South Korea, I 13 ____ to
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watch Kojak on TV frequently. He spoke perfect Korean-I was really amazed. He seemed like a good friend to me, 14____I saw him again in NewYork speaking 15_____English instead of perfect Korean. He didn?t even have a Korean accent and I 16_____like I had been betrayed(背叛). When our family moved to the United States six years ago, none of us spoke any English. 17____we had begun to learn a few words, my mother suggested that we all should speak English at home. Everyone agreed, but our house became very 18_____ and we all seemed to avoid each other. We sat at the dinner table in silence, preferring that to 19____ in a difficult language. Mother tried to say something in English but it 20_____ out all wrong and we all burst into laughter and decided to forget it! We?ve been speaking Korean at home ever since. 1.A.warm B. hot C. heated D. cool 2.A.crack B. blank C. break D. opening 3.A.seat B. view C. space D. angle 4.A.while B. whenever C. or D. and 5.A.attraction B. attention C. affection D. motion 6.A.since B. when C. what D. as 7.A.Within B. After C. For D. Over 8.A.set B. chew C. fix D. taste 9.A.too B. still C. though D. certainly 10.A.much B. any C. no D. few 11A.voice B. sound C. rhythm D. tone 12.A.wonder B. imagine C. wander D. depart 13.A.enjoyed B. happened C. turned D. used 14.A.until B. because C. then D. therefore 15.A.false B. informal C. perfect D. practical 16.A.felt B. looked C. seemed D. appeared 17.A.While B. Before C. If D. Once 18.A.empty B. quiet C. noisy D. calm 19.A.telling B. shouting C. saying D. speaking 20.A.worked B. got C. came D. made 内容概要:文章开始部分记叙了作者看电影时的遭遇,接着谈论了作者对母语的特有 情感。 答案简析: 1、 B。 选 夏日的夜晚想到电影院享受空调, 说明不愿面对的是居室的“热”。 heated 而 表示“热烈的”或“人为加过热的”,显然不妥。 2、选 D。四个词的全义分别为:crack“裂缝, (因破裂而形成的)缝隙”;blank“空 白、空地”;break“破裂处”;opening“空隙”。这里指头与头之间的空档(不是细缝), 以用 opening 为宜。 3、选 D。angle“角度”,表示头得左右摆动才可看清楚。 4、选 C。这对男女的动作是交替进行的。 5、选 C。attraction“吸引力”,attention“注意力”,affection“爱意、情感”, motion“动机”,四个词中只有 offection 与那对年轻人的甜言蜜语和亲昵举动相吻合。 6、选 D。as 意为“如同”。 7、选 B。从时间上来看,后面的两个动作是“之后”发生的。

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8、选 B。后面 popcorn 为“爆米花”,用咀嚼(chew)较为合适。由 crunch 一词也可 推知。 9、选 C。though 放于句末表示“然而”,为副词,与前一句意义上形成转折。 10。选 C。由后面的 just heard 推知,不再听到其它声音了。 11、选 B。sound“声响”,voice“声音”,rhythm“节奏”,tone“音调”,此处指 嚼爆米花的声音,自然应该用 sound。 12、选 C。思绪已不在电影上,而是转到了其他方面,故选 wander(漫游)。 13、选 D。过去经常做某事用 used to。happen to do (碰巧做)有悖于 frequently, 应注意排除。 14、选 A。对 Kojak 的好感“一直”持续到看到他讲一口流利的英语。 15、选 C。由第 16 空前面那句话可以想象他的英语一定讲得不错。 16、选 A。“feel like+从句”用以表示人的心理感受。 17、选 D。根据意义和词的用法可排除余者。 18、选 B。根据后面一句话,特别是 in silence 不难选定此空答案。 19、选 D。“讲??语言”用 speak。 选 C。come out 在此可以理解为“结果是”。 2010 届高考英语完形填空解题指导---记叙文突破 记叙文体裁主要是记人、叙事、写景、状物一类的文章,具体地说,它是借助叙述、描 写、抒情等手段记叙社会生活中的人、事、景、物的情态及其发展过程,用以表现作者的思 想,抒发作者某种情感的文章形式。近几年的高考完形填空题中的记叙文主要以叙事、记人 为主,如幽默故事、童话故事、历史故事、人物传记和新闻报道等。 记叙文是中学英语阅读材料中最常见的文体,其语言特点有: 1、以一般过去时为主,其他时态为辅。合理使用丰富多彩的谓语动词时态,而这种复 杂的时态特征在汉语记叙文中是根本没有的。 正是有了动词时态的变化, 才使英语文章中所 叙述的动作有了层次感和立体感。 2、广泛使用动词,特别是动态动词。由于这些动词的存在,文章就会充满“动感”, 而这种让往事历历在目的“动感”正是优秀的记叙文所要追求的。 3、适当运用直接引语。直接引语的使用可以代替间接的主观叙述,简洁、生动地表达 出事件发展的过程和各种人物的心理活动,充分展示人物的独特个性和人物之间的相互关 系。 解答记叙文体的完形填空时,应着重把握以下几点: 1、了解文章的结构形式。通常为了叙述方便,作者会按时间先后顺序或空间顺序等方 式来安排情节和内容。其优点是条理清楚,层次分明。读者也较容易理解和接受。但是有时 为了突出某个情节或为了增加阅读趣味,或为了其他目的,作者可能会采用插叙,甚至倒叙 的写作手法。弄清了文章篇章信息的分布情况,有助于抓住文章的主线,理清文章的脉络。 2、明确作者的写作目的。就事论事肯定不是记叙的目的,而通过叙述阐明一个道理, 同是作者必须考虑的。只有心中有了目的,在情节选择和细节描写上才会作出合理的安排。 明晰了写作目的,就能抓住文章的主题。 3、知晓文章所记叙的几大要素。为了使读者清楚地了解一件事的起因、经过和结局, 作者就有必要在记叙文中将事件、人物、时间、地点、原因(why)和结果等要素讲清楚。这 六个要素是记叙文的基本组成部分,一般不能缺少。弄清了这六个要素,基本上就理解了整 篇文章。 4、 弄清文章是以第几人称的视角展开记叙的。 通常英语记叙文展开记叙的视角有两个: 第一人称和第三人称。用第一人称就是从“参与者”的角度进行记叙,读者可从字里行间感
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受到作者亲切的态度和深厚的感情。用第三人称就是以“观察者”的身份展开叙述,作者的 语气客观,与读者保持着一定的距离,读者的注意力更多集中在故事本身。了解了作者的写 作角度有助于我们走进作者的思维,深入理解文章的意义。 请看下面的例题: (一) As she waited at the edge of the ice for her music to start,. Peggy took a quick look at her father standing nearby with a group of parents and teachers. He smiled at her. Then she 1._____ out at the audience, 2._____ to see her mother. These two, Alvert and Doris Flemint, had 3._____ all the way from California more than 2,000 miles away, to see their 4._____ compete in this sports meet in Cleveland, Ohio. The music 5._____ and Peggy moved onto the ice, letting the music 6._____ her along into her turns, and she began skating with much 7._____ in herself. The cold fear she always had in the 8._____ seconds before skating onto the ice was 9._____. She was feeling the movement of the 10._____ and letting it carry her. She skated easily, 11._____ did some jumps, a final turn and her performance was 12._____. The crowd loved it and cheered 13._____ she skated off the ice. “Nice job,” said one of the other 14._____. It was the remark that 15._____ came after a free-skating performance. But what should the 16._____ say? Standing beside her father, Peggy 17._____ for the scoring to be finished. On all sides were other young skaters, some waiting 18._____ alone, others with a parent. Shortly before 10 o?clock the results were 19._____. The new United States Women?s Figure Skating Champion was Peggy Fleming of Passdena, 20._____. 1.A.looked B. watched C. found D. stepped 2.A.failing B. looking forward C. wanting D. hoping 3.A.bicycled B. driven C. run D. walked 4.A.friend B. children C. son D. daughter 5.A.started B. played C. developed D. sang 6.A.allow B. set out C. carry D. support 7.A.thought B. belief C. success D. design 8.A.following B. last C. recent D. past 9.A.lost B. present C. strong D. gone 10.A.music B. fear C. ice D. audiences 11.A.so B. or C. before D. then 12.A.satisfied B. unsatisfactory C. finished D. welcome 13.A.because B. until C. before D. as 14.A.skaters B. parents C. judges D. parents 15.A.always B. seldom C. again D. hardly 16.A players B. audience C. judges D. parents 17.A.waited B. looked C. wished D. asked 18.A.comfortably B. hurriedly C. happily D. anxiously 19.A.cried out B. let out C. announced D. declared 20.A.England B. Cleveland C. Ohio D. California 内容概要:本文叙述了一个加利弗利亚的小女孩参加滑冰的比赛的经过,从紧张到放松, 最后取得了胜利。 答案简析:

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1、选 A。从后面的状语?to see her mother 中可以得到启发。 2、 D。 选 四处张望的目的就是“希望”见到她母亲。 want 一般没有现在分词形式, look forward to 中的 to 是介词,后面应接名词或动名词,故 B、C 不能选用。 3、选 B。根据常识可以排除另三个选项。 4、选 D。Peggy 是女孩,故为女儿。 5、选 A。音乐响起。首句已呈现过该说法,另 play 在此系及物动词,形式不对。 6、选 C。下文中有 and letting it carry her 这样类似用法。 7、选 B。从其后面的状态来看,Peggy 心中充满了自信。 8、选 B。表示进入溜冰场之前的最后几秒钟。该空可以根据常识和行文逻辑选定。 9、选 D。表示自然消失而不是人为丢失,应该用 gone,而不用 lost。 10、选 A。见第二节第一句。 11、选 D。then 表示时间上的顺承。 12、选 C。凭语感选定。 13、选 D。as 表示“当??的同时”。因为表演完美,所以谢幕时人们欢呼。 14、选 A。the other 后总是接同类名词,故此处选 skaters。 15、选 A。根据常识,自由滑冰运动员退场时,观众总是会欢呼的。 16、选 C。选手关注的,除了观众,就是“裁判”了。 17、选 A。第 18 空前再现了这一说法。 18、选 D。等分数时的心情应是焦急的,故用 anxiously。 19、 C。 选 结果的宣布一般用 announce。 而战争、 罪行等重大事件的宣布则多用 declare。 20、 D。 选 上文中提到了父母亲从加利弗利亚开车过来,所以 Peggy 可能来自 California。 (二) Two men on a touring holiday were injured by an explosion in their motor van(面包车) yesterday. Shoppers, traders and businessmen in Red Lion Street were 1._____ by a loud bang, and seconds later the two men jumped over from the van, which had stopped outside Barclays Bank. Several people rushed to give 2._____ and helped to put out the fire 3._____ the van. A light American truck changed the 4._____ to provide living accommodation room (躺的地方) 5._____ , firemen arrived. The men, Mr.Cary House, who was driving, and his 6._____ Mr. Charlie Lynn—were taken to hospital with slight 7._____. They were allowed to leave after 8._____. “I heard this explosion. It was 9._____ loud. I thought it could have been a(n) 10._____.” said Mr. Leslie Webster, manager of the market, who was working in his office in Red Lion Street. “I looked out of the window and saw this lad jump from the van and 11._____ on the ground. Then another lad came out of the van. He seemed to be in a 12._____ state---parts of his trousers were hanging below his knees.” “I came downstairs to get a fire extinguisher (灭火器), but 13._____ the time I got outside someone from the bank was in the 14._____ with an extinguisher.” Mr. Webster said both men were shocked. One was taken into the market?s office to wait for a(n) 15._____. “The second man 16._____ going back into the van to see if everything was 17._____, and five minutes later he came out with a drawer that was blazing (burning).” he added. 18._____ inside the van was mainly superficial(表面的), 19._____ a plastic window was blown out. The two men have spent the last six months 20._____. At the time of the incident their wives were shopping in the city.
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1.A.disappointed 2.A.call 3.A.inside 4.A.plan 5.A.after 6.A.wife 7.A.wounds 8.A.operation 9.A.much 10.A.bomb 11.A.lie 12.A.good 13.A.at 14.A.van 15.A.rescue

B. excited B. warning B. outside B mind B. before B. passenger B. sickness B. treatment B. pretty B. fire B. die B. poor B. for B. office B. doctor

C. frightened C. report C. around C. direction C. when C. visitor C. burns C. recovery(复原) C. usually C. truck C. roll C. easier C. after C. market C. firefighter

D. shocked D. assistance D. towards D. nature D. until D. guest D. hurts D. examination

D. actually D. accident D. fall D. worse D. by D. room D. ambulance (救护车)

16.A.kept on B. insisted on C. cared for D. gave up 17.A.in order B. in all C. all right D. all over 18.A.Equipment B. Suffering C. Damage D. Condition 19.A.although B. since C. because D. so that 20.A.touring B. repairing C. moving D. cleaning 内容概要:文章讲述了两个人在旅行中,车子发生了事故,引起了火灾。具体描述了救 人救火的场面。 答案简析: 1、选 D。因为巨大的爆炸声是突如其来的,所以街上的人感到“震惊”。 2、选 D。give assistance 意思是 offer help,根据空格后的 help 不难选定。 3、选 A。火应该是车内的爆炸产生的,所以用 inside。 4、选 C。上面提到了众人的帮助,所以此刻一辆卡车也改变了“方向”,以便为他们 提供一些方便。卡车是无生命的事物,故不能选用另三个选项。 5、选 B。卡车加入救助时,消防队员显然还没有到。 6、选 B。passenger 是“乘客”,而 guest 是“客人”在车上的人应是乘客。 7、选 C。因为火引起的,所以是灼伤“burn”。 8、选 B。因为伤比较轻微,所以经简单“治疗”后可以离开医院。 9、选 B。pretty 在此处为副词,相当于 very。从前面的 a loud bang 和人们纷纷循声 涌向面包车来看,爆炸声“很”大。 10、选 A。事故是肯定的,不必猜测,根据巨大的响声,猜测发生了爆炸应是合理的。 11、选 C。在地上“滚”是为了扑灭身上的火。 12、选 D。下面提到裤子烧掉了一截,所以情况好像比前一位更糟糕一些。 13、选 D。by the time 意为“到??时候为止”。从后面已有人携带灭火器到了车上, 可以得出该答案。 14、选 A。火主要在车内燃烧,故救火人到了“车”内。 15、选 D。受伤的人等“救护车”救护,合乎常情。 16、选 B。A、D 不符合事实,C 不合乎词的用法。 17、选 C。all right 相当与 OK。进入车内的目的应该是为了看看物品是否损坏。 18、选 C。由 superficial 和 plastic window 可以想到此处指车子部件的“损坏”情

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况。 19、选 A。前后意义相反。 20、选 A。与文章首句相呼应。 (三) When dawn came, they realized that the boat was blocked in ice. The captain had 1_____ asleep but the rest of the crew hurriedly woke him. He took a small axe(斧), and 2_____great care, so as to 3_____ a hole in the ice on the deck (甲板) he began to knock. From time to time a wave , burst over the boat and swept over him but he kept working for ten minutes 4_____ the others looked on 5_____. By this time he was 6______ cold that he could no longer trust what he was doing. Each member of the crew took it in 7_____ to cut the ice away as long as he could 8_____it. First, they had to knock off enough ice to get down on their 9_____. Standing on that rolling deck meant 10_____, because a man who had fallen into the sea could not have been rescued. Then the captain discovered that ice was forming inside the cabin(船舱). He called 11_____ one of the crew and together they managed to get the stove alight, hoping that it would 12 _____enough heat to warm the cabin above 13_____ point. Unless the ice in the bottom could be melted enough so that the 14_____ could be raised, they were in 15_____. It took an hour?s 16_____ before the boat began to float better. But by this time they had succeeded in 17_____ most of the ice. Throughout the afternoon, the coating of ice began to build up again 18_____ their work. In the face of this danger, Captain Slater 19______ the crew to clear the ice so that the boat would 20_____ until the next morning. Then they settled down to wait for anther day. 1.A.gone B. fallen C. become D. grown 2.A.at B. for C. with D. by 3.A.make B. drill C. dig D. fill 4.A.until B. before C. after D. while 5.A.excitedly B. anxiously C. happily D. strangely 6.A.too B. so C. as D. very 7.A.surprise B. time C. trouble D. turn 8.A.support B. help C. bear D. put up 9.A.knees B. legs C. feet D. arms 10.A.life B. pain C. damage D. death 11.A.to B. on C. up D. at 12.A.get out B. give off C. get over D. give in 13.A.boiling B. marking C. freezing D. melting 14.A.boat B. deck C. sail D. back 15.A.ruins B. excitement C. danger D. surprise 16.A.delay B. work C. break D. play 17.A.piling B. getting C. freezing D. removing 18.A.whichever B. though C. as long as D. in spite of 19.A.demanded B. made C. ordered D. agreed 20.A.sink B. live C. float D. flow 内容概要:本文描述了一艘船在寒冷的天气中,遭遇到了冰冻,但在船长和船员的共同 努力下,最终脱离了险境。

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答案简析: 1、选 B。需要船员们去叫醒,说明“睡着了”。 2、选 C。with great care 意为“细心地”,系固定搭配,在此作状语。 3、选 A。make a hole“弄一个洞”,意思较为笼统。drill 暗指用钻去钻,dig 暗指 用锹去挖,而船长用的工具却是斧头,故 B、C 两个选项应该舍去。 4、选 D。在轮流干之前,只是船长一人在干,船长干时,大家只是在一旁注视着。 5、选 B。因为情况比较危急,所以大家观望时心情一定很焦虑。 6、选 B。前后有因果关系。 7、选 D。由 each member 推知,众船员“依次”干了起来。 8、选 C。bear 意为“忍受”,表明大家在尽全力干,能干多长就干多长。put up 后加 上 with ,也可作“忍受”讲。 9、选 A。因为站着破冰有危险,所以设法“跪下”。从词语搭配关系中也能得到一点 启发。 10、选 D。掉下大海无法营救,所以站在很滑的甲板上某种程度上就意味着“死亡”。 11、选 A。call to sb 大声叫某人,call on 拜访(某人),call up 打电话,call at 拜访(某地),四个词组中只有 call to 合乎语境。 12、选 B。点上炉子是为了让炉子“散发”热量,保持船舱暖和。 13、选 C。为使船舱不结冰,就要使其温度保持在“冰点”之上。 14、选 A。冰融化后,可使船的重量减轻,使船体上浮。 15、选 C。如果冰不清除,船就会不断下沉,那就肯定“危险”了。 16、选 B。船上浮是在船员们一小时的辛劳之后得以实现的。 17、选 D。remove“去除”,等于 take away。 18、选 D。in spite of 意为“不管、尽管”,表示让步关系。 19、选 C。另三个词不能按 sb to do。 20、选 C。float 意为“漂浮”,清除冰的目的显然是为了不使船下沉。 (四) Kate said “Hello” to Mr Patel as she entered. She picked up a wire basket and walked towards the back of the store 1_____ the rice was kept. The room was quite large and divided by three long aisles(过道), with rows of shelves full of 2_____. Besides her and Patel there were only two boys in the store. They were both wearing 3_____ overcoats. They looked rather 4_____ because the overcoats were too big for them. “5_____”, she heard one of them whisper to 6_____. She walked on to the next aisle and found the 7_____ she was looking for. Then she heard something else. It 8_____ like a box dropping on the floor. She looked through the small open space 9_____ goods on the shelf and saw one of the boys picking up a box. But 10_____ putting it in the basket, he dropped 11_____into the inside pocket of his overcoat. Kate looked back and 12_____ see Mr Patel at the door checking through a list. Then she looked through the 13______ in the shelf again. The boys still had their backs to her. They were putting something 14_____into their inside pockets and then one of them said, “Let?s get out of here.” They moved away from her. When she got to the door the two boys were 15_____ her. She watched them 16_____ for the few lings in their 17_____. They had both 18_____ their overcoats. Mr Patel did not seem to know what they had done. He even 19_____ at them as they were about to 20_____. Now Kate decided to stop them. 1.A.which B. that C. there D. where
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2.A.books B. baskets C. goods D. magazines 3.A.dirty B. long C. grey D. tight 4.A.strange B. young C. nervous D. excited 5.A.Look up B. Listen to me C. Watch out D. Put it down 6.A.him B. her C. the boy D. the other 7.A.book B. rice C. bag D. magazine 8.A.looked B. heard C. showed D. sounded 9.A.between B. of C. around D. at 10.A.instead of B. before C. without D. as if 11.A.something B. it C. one D. that 12.A.would B. should C. might D. could 13.A.spot B. space C. goods D. books 14.A.important B. new C. else D. extra 15.A.looking at B. talking to C. in front of D. behind 16.A.paying B. looking C. asking D. reaching 17.A.hands B. pockets C. box D. basket 18.A.thrown out B. put on C. buttoned D. hidden 19.A.shouted B. smiled C. looked D. laughed 20.A.leave B. pay C. speak D. apologize (1999 年广东夏季高考题) 内容概要:本文讲述了 Kate 去商店买米时,无意中发现两个穿着长大衣的小孩在商店 里偷东西,最后她决定制止他们的行为。 答案简析: 1、选 D。空格后的部分是地点状语从句。 2、选 C。超市里架子上放的自然是“货物”了。 3、选 B。从下文得知,他们准备偷东西,所以穿“长”大衣来做掩护。四个选项中只 有 long 与后面提到的 too big 有点关系。 4、选 A。大衣长而大,穿在小孩子身上自然就觉得古怪。young, nervous, excited 与 strange 之间没有逻辑上的因果关系。 5、选 C。毕竟是做贼的,所以提醒另一人要“当心”。 6、选 D。共两个小孩,故另一个用 the other。 7、选 B。开头已暗示 Kate 是来买米的。 8、选 D。it 指前面听到的声音,这种声音“听起来”像??。 9、选 A。货物之间有空隙,Kate 正好可以看过去。 10、选 A。按理小孩应把选中的东西放进购物篮中,但他们没有,故用 instead of。 11、选 B。it 指前面已提到过的 box。 12、选 D。could 表示可能性。 13、选 B。第 9 空前的动作再次重复了一遍。 14、选 C。这时放入袋中的显然不是前面提到过的 box,而是“其他”什么东西。 15、选 C。她看着他们,说明他们就在她面前。 16、选 D。购物篮中的物品两个小孩是准备付款的。 17、选 D。付款的东西自然是放在购物篮中的。 18、选 C。大衣的钮子钮得整整齐齐,因为里面藏有东西,此处 button 是动词。 19、选 B。由 even 所表示的语气可以推知。

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20、选 A。根据行文逻辑不难选定。 (五) Bob and Annie had not known each other long before they became eager to get married:Bob because he wanted Annie and she because she could at least lead a life away from her1_____. When Mrs.Thompson 2_____ that they marry and live with her until they could get a 3 _____ of their own, Annie hesitated. Her idea of 4_____ had been something which 5 _____her a husband and an orderly, well-furnished home all at once. 6_____ she soon saw the 7_____ of this arrangement. She would, first of all, 8_____ from her present life into a house which was quiet and well run, not 9_____ her own; and she would be able to go on walking so that she and Bob could 10____ up all the more quickly for their own house. She would also get Bob, a good enough husband for any working-class 11_____:good-natured and 12_____ to be bent her way whenever it was 13 _____for her ends. Things went well until her mother-in-law?s 14_____, when Annie had to give up her 15_____ and was at home all day. Her father-in-law became just a 16_____ figure in the house and 17____Bob became used to him, Annie began to find the old man?s constant 18_____in the house a source of growing annoyance(烦恼). “He gets on my nerves, Bob,” she said. “And he hardly says a word all day.” “Well, I suppose he has a 19_____ to do as he likes,” Bob said mildly. “It?s his house not ours.” But to Annie, now looking after the house 20_____ it were her own, it was beginning to seem the other way about. 1.A.city B. family C. room D. company 2.A.learned B. thought C. heard D. suggested 3.A.stay B. child C. house D. world 4.A.marriage B. life C. future D. expectation 5.A.give B. found C. brought D. searched 6.A.But B. So C. Instead D. Besides 7.A.difficulty B. advantage C. trouble D. result 8.A.leave B. make C. change D. escape 9.A.of B. on C. like D. for 10.A.earn B. save C. build D. set 11.A.home B. character C. custom D. girl 12.A.easy B. ready C. kind D. lovely 13.A.necessary B. right C. important D. helpful 14.A.illness B. arrival C. death D. appearance 15.A.job B. idea C. decision D. dream 16.A.active B. funny C. strange D. silent 17.A.until B. although C. before D. when 18.A.rest B. work C. presence D. cough 19.A.right B. way C. wish D. freedom 20.A.because B. if C. even though D. as if 内容概要: 本文讲述了一对新婚夫妇因无住房而与父母住在一起的情况, 后来母亲去世 了,留下了沉默寡言的父亲,儿媳于是感到了不自在。 答案简析: 1、选 B。Annie 起初的想法是结婚至少可以离开父母生活。

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2、选 D。从上下文和从句中谓语动词的形式可以推知。 3、选 C。由下文可知,Annie 和 Bob 当时还没有自己的“住房”。 4、选 A。根据后面的定语从句推知。 5、选 C。根据常识和上下文均可得出答案。 6、选 A。很快发现了和父母住一起有好处,此处意义上形成了转折。 7、选 B。下文描述的就是具体的“好处”。 8、选 D。根据意义可排除 B、C,leave 不与 from 连用,据此可排除 A。 9、选 C。由 escape 推知,Annie 婚前住的房子远没有她想象中的婚后住房好。 10、选 B。和父母住一起,自己可以存一些钱(save up)用以买房,此处 all the more 是 even 的意思。 11、选 D。丈夫是相对于女人而言的。 12、选 B。ready to bend her away 意为“乐于听从她”。这是一个好丈夫的品质之一。 13、选 A。此处 ends 表示“目的”。另三项在此不合逻辑。 14、选 C。由 things went well until 推知,空格处要填上一个消极意义的词,由公 公单身一人,可联想到婆婆已“死”。 15、选 A。由 at home all day 推知,她放弃了工作。 16、选 D。下文有“he hardly says a word all day”。 17、选 B。小夫妻二人感受迥然相反。 18、选 C。公公不说话,也不出门,整天“出现”在家里,Annie 颇觉烦扰。 19、选 A。right 表示“权力”。由 It?s his house not ours 推知,Bob 认为他父亲 有权呆在自己家里。 20、选 D。从上下文来看,Annie 一直是将住处当着自己的房子来管理的。 (六) I ran across an old photo of him the other day, thinking of some old things. He?s been dead for 25 years. His name was Rex. 1_____ was his favorite recreation(娱乐). He had so much 2_____ in the water as any person I have known. You didn?t have to throw a stick in the water to 3_____ him to go in. Of course, he would bring back a stick to you if you 4 _____ throw one in. That 5 ____ me of that night, 6_____ he brought back a small box that he found somewhere--- how 7_____ nobody ever knew. Since it was Rex, it 8_____ easily have been half a race. The box wasn?t a god one. It was just a 9______ old piece that somebody 10______. Still it was something he wanted, probably 11_____ there was some difficulty in transportation(运输). And that he thought could test his courage. We first knew about his achievement when, deep in the night, we 12 _____ him trying to get the box up onto the porch(门 厅). It sounded 13_____ two or three people were trying to tear the house 14 _____. We came downstairs and turned on the 15_____ light. Rex was on the top step trying to pull the thing up, but it had 16_____somehow. And he was just holding his own(坚持着). I suppose he would have held his own 17_____ dawn if we hadn?t helped him. The next day we carried the box miles away and threw it out. If we had thrown it out in a 18____ place, he would have brought it home again, as a small token(象征)of his strength in such matters. 19____, he had been taught to carry heavy wooden objects about and he was 20_____ of his skill. 1.A.Fighting B. Swimming C. Barking D. Running 2.A.fun B. trouble C. danger D. difficulty 3.A.stop B. make C. get D. have
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4.A.will 5.A.reminds 6.A.which 7.A.Far 8.A.could 9.A.priceless 10.A.kept

B. do B. warns B. while B. long B. can B. worthless B. forgot

C. did D. would C. tells D. suggests C. as D. when C. old D. heavy C. should D. would C. valuable D. important C. deserted(遗弃) D. remained

11.A.because B. only if C. even if D. in case 12.A.saw B. heard C. watched D. caught 13.A.like B. that C. as if D. at least 14.A.up B. in C. away D. down 15.A.hall B. kitchen C. bedroom D. porch 16.A.rolled B. stopped C. caught D. broken 17.A. at B. before C. till D. during 18.A.distant B. nearby C. silent D. busy 19.A.In all B. As a result C. At last D. After all 20.A.proud B. tired C. ashamed D. doubtful 内容概要:本文描述的是 Rex,一个头脑简单、力大无比的小狗。它爱好游泳,爱做一 些无意义的事来表现它的力气。 答案简析: 1、选 B。根据第 2 空后的 in the water 可以排除另三个选项。 2、选 A。因为十分喜欢游泳,所以有乐趣。 3、选 C。根据后面的 to go in 这一带 to 的不定或短语可以排除另三个选项。 4、选 C。did 用以加强语气,正好回应前一句。 5、选 A。remind sb of sth 意为“使人想起”。 6、选 D。when 引起定语从句修饰 that night。 7、选 A。“没人知道,他从多远的地方弄来箱子”。此句用来补充说明 somewhere,由 have a race 也可推测此处指距离。 8、选 A。could easily 强调是狗本身的一种属性,一种能力。因为 Rex 是条狗,善于 奔跑,且有股蛮劲,所以这件事对它来说“可能”很容易。 9、选 B。主人最终还是将其扔掉了,可见其“无价值”。 10、选 C。从后面主人又将其扔掉来看,这只破箱子是被人“遗弃的”,没用的箱子。 11、选 A。前后是因果关系。 12、选 B。下面一句有 it sounded, 所以用 heard。 13、选 C。后面描述的动作与实际情况完全相反,故选 as if,表达一种虚拟语气。 14、选 D。tear the house down 意为“拆房子”。 15、选 D。狗就在门厅,所以打开那儿的灯。 16、选 C。catch 意为“被钩住”,这是狗拖不动箱子的主要原因。 17、选 C。由于主人知道狗的蛮劲,故推测如果没人帮它,它会拨弄箱子“一直到”天 亮,即到主人起身发现这一切时。 18、选 B。箱子如果扔“近”一些,Rex 又会捡回来的。 19、选 D。after all(毕竟),表达一种让步的口吻。 20、选 A。从狗喜欢表现自己拖动重物的本领来分析,它对自己这方面的能力是引以为 “自豪的”。

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(七) James sat outside the office waiting for the interview. He felt so 1_____ that he didn?t know what to do with 2 ______. The person who had gone in 3 _____ him had been in there for nearly an hour. And she looked so confident(自信的) when she went in, 4 _____James. He felt 5 _____ that she had already got the 6 _____. The problem was that he wanted this job 7____ . It meant 8____ to him. He had 9_____ it such a lot before the day of the interview. He had imagined himself 10_____ brilliantly(出色地) at the interview and 11_____ the job immediately. But now here he was feeling 12 _____. He couldn?t 13_____ all those things he had 14 _____ to say. At that moment, he almost decided to get up and 15 _____. But no---he had to do this. He had spent so much time considering it that he couldn?t 16_____ like that. His hands were hot and sticky and his mouth felt dry. At last the door of the office opened. The woman who had gone in an hour earlier came out looking very 17_____ with herself. She smiled sympathetically(同情地) at James. At the moment, James 18_____ her. The managing director then appeared at the office door. “Would you like to come in now, Mr Davis? I?m sorry to have kept you waiting.” James suddenly 19____ that he had gone home after all. He got up, legs 20_____ and forehead sweating and wondered whether he looked as terrified as he felt. 1.A.healthy B. nervous C. careless D. confident 2.A.the interviewer B. the woman C. himself D. the situation 3.A. by B. with C. before D. after 4.A.Not like B. So did C. Do as D. Do like 5.A.doubtful B. sure C. angry D. astonished 6.A.reward B. first C. prize D. job 7.A.hopelessly B. naturally C. easily D. so much 8.A.everything B. happiness C. difficulty D. nothing 9.A.dreamed of B. learned of C. thought about D. talked about 10.A.explaining B. performing C. answering D. writing 11.A.offered B. asked for C. being offered D. being asked for 12.A.mad B. excited C. certain D. terrible 13.A.depend on B. afford C. believe in D. remember 14.A.kept B. been taught C. planned D. been supplied 15.A.leave B. go in C. prepare D. practise 16.A. take back B. put off C. give up D. put down 17.A.ugly B. pleased C. sad D. pretty 18.A.noticed B. loved C. missed D. hated 19.A.thought B. hoped C. wished D. regretted 20.A.shaking B. bending C. walking D. stopped 内容概要: 本文通过对比的手法, 描述了 James 面试前紧张不安、 不知所措的心理状态。 答案简析: 1、选 B。由后面的不知所措,可见其“紧张”。 2、选 C。是他“自己”不知所措。 3、选 C。因为那个女士已面试了近一个小时,可见她是先进去接受面试的。 4、选 A。表示比较,别人充满自信而“不像”他。 5、选 B。从他后面担心得不到工作来分析,他是“确信”那位女士面试出色的。 6、选 D。面试所竞争的就是“工作”,而且下一句又再现了 job 这一词。

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7、选 D。从他后面对这份工作的憧憬来看,他“十分”希望得到这份工作。 8、选 A。前面说了他非常想得到这份工作,而且为面试进行了精心准备,可见这一工 作对他来说意味着“一切”。 9、选 C。dream of 指“梦想”,一般指超出现实或是比较遥远的事情,think about 表示“考虑”,比较恰当,而且与下文的 imagined,considering 相呼应。 10、选 B。其他三个选项不能涵盖面试的方方面面。 11、选 C。想象中面试出色,所以当场得到了那份工作。 12、选 D。与前面想象中的美好形成强烈对比。 13、选 D。紧张导致思维混乱,所以不能“想起”准备好的话。 14、选 C。希望回忆出来的话语,肯定是事前准备好的。 15、选 A。根据行文逻辑选定。 16、选 C。等同于前面提到的 get up and leave。 17、选 B。由后面的行为来看,她对自己的面试表现是满意的。 18、选 D。夺取了那份工作,又表现出洋洋得意的样子,叫 James 怎么不“恨”她。 19、选 C。由 had gone 这一虚拟语气形式和“两腿发抖、额头冒汗”这一信息不难推 知答案。 20、选 A。紧张时两腿“发抖”,这是正常现象。 (八) It was Tom?s first visit to England, and he was looking forward to his first journey, on London?s Underground Railway. And against his friends? 1_____, he was determined to travel 2 _____. He entered the station shortly after five o?clock in the afternoon. This is a 3_____ time to travel in London, 4_____ crowds of people go home from work at this hour. He 5 _____ to join a long line of people waiting for tickets. When at last his 6 _____ came, he had some difficulty in making himself understood by the ticket seller. 7____, he got the right ticket in the end and by asking people the 8 _____, he also found the right platform. It was 9 _____ tight with people. He did not 10_____ to get on the first train, but he was able to move nearer to the platform so as to be in a better 11_____ to get on the next one. When this train came in, Tom was 12 _____ forward onto the train by the 13______ of people from behind. The doors closed and the train moved off. He was unable to see the 14 _____ of the stations where the train 15 _____, but he knew that the station he wanted was the sixth 16 ______ along the line. When the train reached the sixth station, Tom got off, feeling 17 _____ that his journey had been so easy. But he suddenly realized that he had come to a station he had never 18 _____. He explained his 19_____ to a man who was standing on the platform. With a 20_____ on his face, he told Tom that he had caught a train going in the opposite direction. 1.A.thought B. advice C. relation D. favor 2.A.alone B. abroad C. along D. away 3.A.short B. certain C. possible D. bad 4.A.for B. and C. so D. but 5.A.planned B. had C. happened D. hoped 6.A.luck B. time C. chance D. turn 7.A.Thus B. Instead C. Therefore D. However 8.A.question B. way C. place D. condition 9.A.packed B. caught C. covered D. seized
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10.A.manage B. try C. agree D. expect 11.A.situation B. state C. position D. seat 12.A.fought B. swept C. drawn D. brought 13.A.speed B. support C. strike D. push 14.A.signs B. points C. names D. numbers 15.A.left B. topped C. started D. moved 16.A.part B. pause C. stop D. arrived 17.A.glad B. sick C. sorry D. tired 18.A.heard of B. talked about C. thought of D. arrived at 19.A.result B. mistake C. difficulty D. ticket 20.A.joke B. smile C. surprise D. pity 内容概要:本文讲述了 Tom 第一次到英格兰,不听朋友的建议,独自外出,结果把火车 的方向弄反了,以致到错了地方。 答案简析: 1、选 B。against one?s advice 意为“违背别人的建议”。 2、选 A。通过下文得知他是一人出来,故用 alone。 3、选 D。下面街道人多为患,所以用“bad”。 4、选 A。for 表原因,用以解释 bad time。 5、选 B。要排长队购票是不以他的意志为转移的,他是“不得不”排队。 6、选 D。turn 表示“轮次”。 7、选 D。售票员听不懂他的话,他却把票买成了,前后句显然有“转折”关系。 8、选 B。问路一般用 ask the “way”。 9、选 A。be packed with be crowded with。正因为人拥挤,才没上得了第一趟火车。 10、选 A。manage to do 表示“设法得以做成某事”,没做成当然用 not manage 了。 11、选 C。因为是在拥挤的站台上,显然获得的是一个稍好些的站的“位置”。 12、选 B。从 from behind 来看,他是被人推向前的。sweep 在此意思是“猛推”。 13、选 D。push 与 sweep 同义。 14、选 C。看不清的应是“站名”。signs 应注意排除,毕竟他首次到英国,即使各个 站有其独特的符号、标记,他也不可能知道。 15、选 B。站就是火车“停”靠的地方。 16、选 C。这里的 stop 与 station 同义。 17、选 A。觉得旅行如此轻松,心情当然是“高兴的”。 18、选 A。选项 D 应注意排除,因为他不是英国人,所以没到过这个车站是明摆着的, 故这一答案是正确,但与 hear of 相比,不能算是最佳答案。 19、选 C。这里的 difficulty 指他当时的一种迷茫。究竟是怎么一回事,他还未知道, 所以谈不上什么错误,故选项 B,不能确定为答案。 20、选 B。听说 Tom 乘车的方向完全反了,那人的第一反应应当是觉得好笑,即答案应 在 A、B 之间。joke 不可能出现在脸上,故答案只能为 B。

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