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定语从句与六种易混句型巧区分1


定语从句与六种易混句型巧区分 一、定语从句与并列句 1.John’s parents kept telling him that he should work hard, but _____ didn’t help. A. he B. it C. which D. who 2. Cedric was so angry that he kicked a chair and broke one of its legs, _____ was rather funny. A. / B. it C. that D. which 3. I advised him to give up smoking; _____ didn’t help. A. it B. I C. which D. as 二、定语从句与强调句的区别 ] 4. It was about 600 years ago ____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. ? A. that B. until C. before D. when 5. It was January 1st _____ I paid a visit to my friend Jennifer. A. that B. until C. before D.when 三、定语从句与同位语从句的区别 6. The fact __ she hasn’t known the result of the examination is clear. A. that B. which C. / D.about which 7. The fact _____ she told me yesterday is very important. A. which B. that C. / D.All of the above. 四、as 引导的非限制性定语从句与 it 作形式主语时的区别 8. _____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. 9. _____ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What Ⅰ.A.whom B.them C.they D.who 1.Mr Smith has three sons,none of ____ is a computer expert. 2.He has three sisters,_____ are doctors. 3.She has three CDs,but none of_____ is interesting. 4.I have many friends,and all of_____ are nice and friendly. 5.Miss Yang has some relatives here;____ like her very much. Ⅱ.A.where B.which C.in which D.that 1.Rice grows well ___ there is enough water. 2.I know the university ____ my parents worked ten years ago. 3.After th ewar,a new school building was put up ___ there had once been a theatre. 4.The hospital ____ Mr Li was operated on in has taken on a new look. Ⅲ.A.that B.when C.where D.who

1.It is on a summer afternoon ____ he met Liang Wei from Shanghai. 2.Is it on the farm ____ Mr Wang lives? 3.It is the farm ____ Mr Wang lives. 4.Is it Lang Weiwei ____ is speaking to a foreigner? Ⅳ.A.that B.as C.who D.which 1.Nobody in our school has the same camera ____ you have. 2.She is such a good girl ____does well in French. 3.She is such a good girl ____ all of us like to make friends with her. Ⅴ.A.that B.which 1.The news ____ he told me sounds reasonable. 2.The news ____ China has joined the WTO excites all the Chinese. Ⅵ.A.that B.when C.which 1.It is the first time ____ I have been here. 2.It was the time ____ we had a hard life. 定语从句与其易混句型小练 1. Is there a shop around ________ I can get a pack of cigarettes? A. which B. where C. that D. what 2. ________ human beings live in great numbers, the waters are very likely to be polluted. A. That B. Where C. Why D. But 3.It was in the small house _______was built with stones by his father ______he spent his childhood. A. which, that B. that, where C. which, which D. that, which 4.— ________ you got to know my telephone number? — Through a friend of yours. A. How was it B. What was it C. How was it that D. What was it that 5. When I try to find ________ tat prevents so many people from taking part in the program, it seems to me that there are two main causes. A. what it is B. what to does C. why it does D. why it is 6.John’s parents kept telling him to give up smoking, but ________ didn’t help. A. he B. it C. which D. who 7.They have a son and two daughters , _________ live in this city. A. all of them B. both of them C. everybody of whom D. all of whom 8.They have a son and two daughters, and_________ live in this city. A. all of them B. both of them C. everybody of whom D. all of whom 9.Mr Smith was so angry that he kicked a chair and broke one of its legs , _________ was rather funny. A.不填 B. it C. that D. which

10.__________, the sailors returned twenty days later, ill, tired and unhappy. A. It is reported that B. As is reported C. Which is reported D. What is reported 11._________the sailors returned twenty days later, ill, tired and unhappy. A. It is reported that B. As is reported C. Which is reported D. What is reported 12.The fact _________ she doesn’t know the result of the examination is clear. A. that B. which C.不填 D. about which ·定语从句专项练习 概念:1.在句子中修饰名词或代词,定语从句 在句中充当定语. 2.定语从句必须有先行词,并尽量靠近先行词. 3.在定语从句中,关系词在从句中充当成分. 关系代词与关系副词 关系代词:指人:who(主格),whom(宾格),whose(所有格) 指物:which(主格,宾格),whose(所有格) 指人或物:that 关系副词:when,where,why 1.This is all____I know about the matter. A.that B.what C.who D.whether 2Is there anything else_____you require? A.which B.that C.who D.what 3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall. A.which B.that C.where D.it 4.He talked happily about the men and books_____ interested him greatly in the school. A.which B.that C.it D.whom 5.There is no dictionary_____you can find everything. A.that B.which C.where D.in that 6.This is one of the best books_______. A.that have ever been written C.that has written B.that has ever been written D.that have written 7.He wrote a letter to me,telling me everything__ _ he saw on the way to the Paris. A.what B.that C.which D.where 8.Is oxygen the only gas_____helps fire burn? A.that B./ C.which D.it 9.Is there anything_____to you? A.that is belonged B.that belongs C.which belongs D.that belong 10.The scientist and his achievements______you told me about are admired by us all.

A.which B.that C.who D.whose 11.Which of the books______were borrowed from him is the best? A.which B.what C.that D.whose 结论:先行词有下列情况或附有下列修饰语时,通常 关系代词 that 1)先行词是 all,no none,everyone, something,much, little 等 2)先行词前有序数词,形容词最高级,the last,the same,the only 等. 3)如果先行词中既含有表示人的名词又有表示物的名词时. 4)若主句中有疑问代词 who,which 为了避免重复, 关系代词不要再用 who,which. 1.Do you know who lives in the building______there is a well? A.in front of it B. in front of whose C.in front of which D.in front which 2.I’ll never forget the day____I joined the League. A.on which B.in which C.which D.at which 3.The woman_____my brother spoke just now is my teacher. A. who B.to whom C.to who D whom 4.Jeanne was her old friend,____she borrowed a necklace. A.from who B.from whom C.to that D.to whom 5.His glasses,_____he was like a blind man,fell to the ground and broke its leg. A.which B.with which C.without which D.that 6.she is a teacher of much knowledge,_____much can be learned. A.who B.that C. from which D.from whom 7.He built a telescope_____he could study the skies. A.in which B.with that C.through whichD.by it 8.Do you know the reason____he was late? A.that B.which C.for what D.for which 9.I have bought two ballpens,____writes well. A.none of which B.neither of which C.none of them D.neither of them 10.The Second World War_____millions of people were killed in 1945. A.during which B.in that C.where D.on which 11.China has many rivers,____the Changjiang River is the longest. A.which B. in which C.among which D. one of which 12.This is the very knife_____I used to cut apples yesterday. A.that B.by which C.which D.with which 13.The speed____which you drive your car mustn’t too high. 14.In the park there are many flowers,the colour_____ which is bright and nice. 15.The little girl is reading a book,_____which there are many pictures.

16.What were the things_______which he was not too sure? 17.They held a meeting,____which the hospital director made a speech. 18.The book,_____which he paid 6 yuan,is worth reading. 19.Is this the man____whose house the police found the lost coloured TV? 20.The villagers dug along tunnel______which they could go to the fields without being found by the Japanese soldiers. 21.Wu Dong,_____whom I went to the concert, enjoyed it very much. 22.The stories about Long March,_____which this is one example,are well written. 结论: 介词﹢关系代词引导的定语从句,关键是判断介词的选择,方法一是看从句谓语部分缺少什么介 词(习惯搭配),再则可以通过整个句子整体含义来判断,结合生活实际来判断. 1.______was natural,he married Jenny. A.Which B.That C.This D.As 2.Such signs_____we use in the experiment______ Greek letters. A.as ,are B.as,is C.that,are D.that,is 3.I passed him a large glass of whisky,_____ he drank immediately . A.that B.as C.which D.who 4.She is very good at dance,____everybody knows. A.that B.which C.who D.as 5.It was raining,_____was a pity. A.what B.that C.the which D.which 6.______has been said above,grammar is a set of dead rules. A.Which B.What C.That D.As 7.We do the same work_____they do. A.which B.as C.than D.like 8.The earth is round,_____we all know. A.that B.which C.who D. as 结论: as ,which 均可以引出非限制性定语从句,如都 指前一句话的意思,二者可以互换.as 引导 的 从 句 可 以 放 在 句 首 ,as 本 身 有 “ 正 如 ? .. 正 象 ? ” . 一 类 的 含 义 . 与 之 连 用 的 词 有 know,see,expect, announce,point out 等.此外,在 the same?as? such?.as?.中 as 引导的是限 制性定语从句.1A.Is this the factory_____you visited last year? B.Is this factory____you visited last year? a.that b.where c.in which d.the one 2.A.Mr Smith is one of those foreigners who____ working in China. B.Mr Smith is the only one of those foreigners who____working in China. a.is b.has c.have d.are 3.A.Don’t discuss questions such_____those. B.Let’s discuss only the questions______we are interested in. a.which b.that c.as d.about which 4.A. All____I need is a good rest. a.What b.All what B. ____I need is a good rest. c.that d.Which

5.A.Pisa is a city, ___ has a leaning tower. B.Pisa is a city,____there is a leaning tower. a.which b.that c.where d.there 6.A.This is the place____we visited last year. B.This the place____we worked last year. a.which b.where c. in that d.there 7.A.The news____he told us was very exciting. B.He has brought us the news____our team has won the game. a.what b.as c.that d.where 8.It is in a box____I have hidden my money. We’ll go___we are needed. a.that b.in which c.where d.in it A. it B. as C. that D. what E. which 1.______ is known to everybody , the moon travels round the earth . 2.______ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth . 3.______ is known to everybody is that the moon travels round the earth . 4.______ everybody knows, the moon travels round the earth . 5.The moon travels round the earth ,______ everybody knows. 【答案】1.B; 2.A; 3.D; 4. B; 5. A/E 【高考衔接】2004 上海春季高考的 36、37、38 和 41 题。 1. (36)A fast food restaurant is the place ______ , just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly . A. which B. where C. there D. what 2.(37) It was only with the help of the local guide _______. A. was the mountain climber rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued D.then the mountain climber was rescued 3.(38) The other day , my brother drove his car down the street at _____ I thought was a dangerous speed . A. as B. which C. what D. that 4.(41)Along with the letter was his promise _____ he would visit me this coming Christmas . A. which B. that C. what D. whether

单项选择 (D) 1.Is this museum ______they visited last month? A. that B. where C. which D. the one

(C) 2.Is this the museum [CD#3] they visited last month? A. what B. where C. which D. the one (B) 3.The clever boy made a hole in the wall,_____ he could read books at night. A. in which B. through which C. at which D. on which (D) 4.____ cleans the classroom can go home first. A. Anyone B. Those who C. However D. The one who (B) 5.The man ______ coat is black is waiting at the gate. A. who's B. whose C. that D. of which (B) 6.The young man ____ is an engineer of my factory. A. that you just talked B. whom you just talked to C. which you just talked D. who you just talked (C) 7.The dictionary _____ I paid one dollar was very interesting. A. that B. which C. for which D. to which 【复习小结】牢记定语从句中各种连词的联系和区别及其运用。 【课外巩固练习】一、单项选择 (B) 8.The old man _____ yesterday is a scientist. A. I spoke B. I spoke to C. whom I spoke D. that I spoke to him (D) 9.She had two sons,_____ became teachers. A. all of them B. all of whom?C. both of them D. both of whom (D) 10.The room ____ we do the reading is a reading-room. A. on which B. in that C. that D. where (A) 11.The village,______ we spent our holiday last week, is in the south of the province.? A. where B. that C. which D. what (B) 12.I won't tell you the reason ______ I'm so excited. A. because B. why C. when D. which (A) 13.Is this the shop ________sells children's clothing?? A. which B. where C. in which D. what (C) 14.The only language _______ is easy for me to learn is Chinese. A. which B. whose C. that D. it (A) 15.September 1 st,1997 is the day ______ we'll never forget. A. that B. when C. on which D. on that


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