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高二英语上学期期末考试题及答案解析


高二年级考试 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. Dave wanted to study till ________ midnight, but sleepiness got_____ best of him. A. 不填; the B. 不填; 不填 C. the; the D. the; 不填 22. At times, worrying is a normal________ to a difficult event or situation—a loved one being_______ in an accident, for example. A. response; injured B. reaction; wounded C. reply; hurt D. reflection; died 23. If I hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you_______ now. A. wouldn’t be smiling B. couldn’t have smiled C. didn’t smile D. won’t smile 24. ________ the Internet is bridging the distance between people, it may also be breaking some homes or will cause other family problems. A. When B. If C. While D. As 25. _______ today, he would get there by Saturday. A. If he leaves B. Was he leaving C. Would he leave D. Were he to leave 26. After he retired from office, Rogers _______ painting for a while, but soon lost interest. A. saved up B. kept up C. took up D. drew up 27. When he was young, he used to ________ hard at his lessons. A. devote to working B. devote himself to work C. be devoted to work D. be devoted to working 28. At assembly, our monitor made a speech, swearing to try our best to study well______ us students. A. in memory of B. on behalf of C. in honor of D. in favor of 29. They swear they will push ahead with the experiment whatever _____they might meet with. A. disadvantages B. shortcomings C. troubles D. hardships 30. He told me how he had given me shelter and protection, without which I ______of hunger. A. would be died B. would have died C. would die D.
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will die 31. ________ with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice. A. Faced B. Having faced C. To face D. Facing 32.Though you may hate some customs in other countries, ______ , you must remember “Do in Rome as Rome does”. A. likewise B. therefore C. otherwise D. anyway 33. What the leader referred to in the report was really something _______. A. worthy of considering B. worth to be considered C. worthy to be considered D. worth being considered 34. Generally speaking, ______ according to the directions, the drug has no side effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken 35. If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ______ all day. A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) My dad has been driving a truck for almost his entire life.He’s usually__36__all the weekdays and comes home only at weekends.Sometimes he stays__37__for two weeks at a time.__38__I don’t get to see him as often as I wish,we remain very__39__. My dad is the type of person who doesn’t let you__40__up anything that you start.When I was eleven,my father bought me a piano.At first I was so__41__about it that I would spend hours and hours learning how to play.Then it got __42__.I was so tired of it that I asked if I could stop.Much as I tried,he__43__me to go on.Now I have been playing for almost five years.I love it and I’m glad I__44__my dad’s advice. My dad is__45__talented, for he has been playing the guitar for over 20 years.Under his influence,I also like__46__now.Sometimes my dad can be my biggest __47__.He makes me smile even when I lose in a talent show__48__sometimes he can be my biggest critic ( 批 评 家).He__49__ignore the small mistakes I make.He encourages me never to lose__50__because he thinks that all my efforts will_51__one day. My dad is generous.Every Thursday night,he__52__to read to the
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children at a children’s club.When he reads,their__53__light up with curiosity about what will happen next.I feel__53__of having a person in my family who cares enough to volunteer to__55__. I love dad with all my heart.He’s a hero in my heart and the most wonderful person in the world. 36.A.on B.with C.out D.in 37.A.away B.home C.inside D.alone 38.A.In case B.Even though C.If only D.As if 39.A.polite B.kind C.different D.close 40.A.give B.put C.take D.speed 41.A.nervous B.anxious C.crazy D.familiar 42.A.rough B.difficult C.disappointing D.boring 43.A.promised B.persuaded C.reminded D.suggested 44.A.received B.challenged C.took D.listened 45.A.physically B.typically C.musically D. exactly 46.A.composing B.dancing C.writing D.drawing 47.A.director B.supporter C.scholar D.sponsor 48.A.however B.so C.and D.still 49.A.ever B.often C.never D.even 50.A.aim B.dream C.strength D.heart 51.A.come true B.take risks C.pay off D.let out 52. A.agrees B.likes C.intends D.offers 53.A.bodies B.arms C.hands D.faces 54.A.jealous B.optimistic C.proud D.happy 55.A.help B.read C.work D.drive 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,满分 40 分) B Looking back on my childhood,I am convinced that naturalists are born and not made.Although we were all brought up in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon abandoned their pressed flowers and insects.Unlike them,I had no ear for music and languages.I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic. Before World War Ⅰ we spent our summer holidays in Hungary.I have only the dim memory of the house we lived in ,of my room and my toys.Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered next door.But I do have a clear memory of the dogs,the farm animals,the local birds,and above all,the insects.
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I am a naturalist,not a scientist.I have a strong love of the natural world and my enthusiasm led me into varied investigations.I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight oil while reading about other people’s observations and discoveries.Then something happens that brings these observations together in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle,because it all seems to fit together.This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books,which some might honor with the title of scientific research. But curiosity,a keen eye,a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant world do not make a scientist:one of the outstanding and essential qualities required is selfdiscipline , a quality I lack.A scientist requires not only selfdiscipline, but hard training, determination and a goal.A scientist,up to a certain point,can be made.A naturalist is born.If you can combine the two,you get the best of both worlds. 60.The first paragraph tells us the author________. A.was interested in flowers and insects in his childhood B.lost his hearing when he was a child C.didn’t like his brothers and sisters D.was born to a naturalist’s family 61 . The author can’t remember his relatives clearly because________. A.he didn’t live very long with them B.the family was extremely large C.he was too young when he lived with them D.he was fully occupied with observing nature 62.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.The author is a naturalist,but not a scientist. B.The author is a scientist as well as a naturalist. C.The author is first of all a scientist. D.The author is neither a naturalist nor a scientist. 63.The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist probably because he thinks he________. A.has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic B.lacks some of the qualities required of a scientist C.just reads about other people’s observations and discoveries D.comes up with solutions in a most natural way

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第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. A midnight午夜前不加冠词;get the best of战胜,击败 22. A a normal response/reaction to sth.对…的正常反应;第二空根据其后的an accident可知 选injure。 23. B 虚 拟 语 气 的 考 查 。 对 过 去 事 实 的 虚 拟 , 条 件 从 句 用 过 去 完 成 时 , 主 句 用 would/could/might+现在完成时。 24. C while在此表对比,“尽管”,引起一个让步状语从句。 25. D 虚拟条件句中有were/should/had时,可省略if,把were/should/had提前。 26. C take up开始从事;save up储蓄;keep up坚持,继续;draw up起草,制定 27. D used to do sth.过去常做某事;be devoted to doing sth.致力于做某事;B项错在work上, 应该用working。 28. B on behalf of“代表…” 29. D hardships“艰难, 苦难, 辛苦”; disadvantages“不利之处”; shortcoming“缺点”; troubles“烦 恼,困难,麻烦”。 30. B without which里隐含了一个虚拟的条件:If he hadn’t given me… 31. A face vt./ be faced with“面对,面临”;若选D,则要去掉题干中的with. 32. D anyway不管怎样;likewise同样地,也;therefore因此;otherwise否则 33. C be worthy to be done,形容词短语作后臵定语,其前省略了that is;而worth的固定结 构为be worth doing。 34. B 考查省略。当主句与从句主语一致时,且从句中含有be动词,这是可省略从句主语 和be动词,补充完整则为“when it is taken”。 35. A 从前一句看,应是对过去的虚拟,因此,but后的句子应该是过去的事实,用一般过 去时。 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 【语篇解读】 父亲是卡车驾驶员,工作很忙。尽管难得见上一面,我们的关系还是很 亲密。我爱我的父亲,因为他的坚持和大度使我获益很多。 36.C 根据本句中的后半句“and comes home only at weekends”可知他工作日通常不会 来。 37.A 本句进一步说明父亲回来很少,有时在外面一待就是两个星期。stay away 待在 外面,不回来。 38.B 从本句的句意来看前面是从句,表示让步,选择 cven though 表示“即使我不能 向我希望的那样经常见到他,可是我们的关系很亲密”。 39.D close 形容词“亲密”的意思。 40.A 从本段下文所举的例子中可以看出父亲有一种坚持不懈,永不放弃的品质,这 一点在教育子女上也有所体现。give up 放弃。 41.C 从本段的描写可以看出作者在开始的时候对于弹钢琴很入迷。be crazy about... 对……着迷。 42.D 作者对于弹钢琴的态度发生了变化,由刚开始的入迷到后来的厌倦。get boring 变得枯燥无味。 43.B 父亲看到我想退缩,千方百计说服我继续弹下去。从本段最后一句也可以看出 他的劝说成功了。 44.C 作者听从了父亲的建议。take one’s advice 听从某人的建议。 45. C 根据下句“for he has been playing the guitar for over 20 years“可知父亲在音乐方面 很有天赋。 46.A 本文主要叙述了作者在父亲的影响下是如何培养音乐方面的才能的。compose 这里指音乐创作。 47.B 根据下一句可知即使我在才艺比赛中失败了。父亲也不责怪我。由此可见,他 一直鼓励我,支持我。
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48. C 本句与前一句是并列句, 构成句型: Sometimes he can be...and sometimes he can be...。 49.C 从上一句“my biggest critic”可知他对我的错误一点也不放过,从不忽略我的错 误。 50.D 根据本句中的 encourages 可知他总是鼓励我不要灰心。lose heart 灰心丧气。 51.父亲鼓励我不要灰心丧失希望,因为他认为我所有的努力都会带来好结果,得到回 报。pay off 带来好结果,得到回报。 52.D 从 generous 可知,父亲是一个慷慨大方的人,对自己的时间也不吝啬,每个星 期四晚上都自愿去儿童俱乐部读书给孩子们听。 offer to do 表示自愿或主动做某事, 而 intend to do 则表示打算做某事。 53.D 句中的 light up 表示“照亮;发出光彩”这里指小孩的脸上露出好奇的神彩。 54.C 有这样的一位父亲,作者应该感到自豪。feel/be proud of...对……感到自豪。 55.B 这里与本段中的 offer to read 呼应。

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,满分 40 分) B
【语篇解读】 通过回忆少年时代的经历, 作者发现自己从小就对动物和植物充满好奇 心,俨然是个天生的自然学家。由于对大自然充满热爱,作者刻苦钻研自然界的奥秘、博览 群书,最终学有所成。作者还对比了成为自然学家和科学家所需具备的不同素质。 60.A 推理判断题。根据第一段中的第二至四句可知,在少年时代,作者与兄弟姐妹 们不同,一直对昆虫和花草情有独钟。 61.D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的最后一句可知,作者之所以对亲戚们的记忆很模 糊,是因为他更关注家畜、小鸟和昆虫。换言之,他忙于观察大自然。 62.A 正误判断题。由文章第三段第一句及第五段第一句内容可知,作者认为自己是 一个自然学家,而非一个科学家,因为自己缺乏成为科学家的一种素质:自律。 63.B 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“But curiosity,a keen eye,a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant world do not make a scientist:one of the outstanding and essential qualities required is selfdiscipline, a quality I lack”一句可推断作者认为自己缺乏成为 科学家的一种素质:自律。

D
68.B 69.C 70.D 71.A 根据第一段中的最后一句话可知答案。 根据第二段可知答案。 由最后一段最后一句话可知答案。 根据前面一句话可知,他是希望这里可以吸引更多的游客。

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