高中英语新课标（人教版） 教案 必修一 Unit4 Earthquakes The fourth period ●三维目标 1.Knowledge： （1）Learn the Attributive Clause. （2）Learn the difference between Relative Pronouns for the Attributive Clauses. 2.Ab
ility： （1）Learn to choose the correct Relative Pronouns for the Attributive Clauses. （2）Train the students’ ability to report what others have said. 3.Emotion： Train the students’ ability to cooperate with each other. ●教学重点 （1）Learn the Attributive Clause. （2）Train the students’ ability to report what others have said. ●教学难点 Learn to choose the correct Relative Pronouns for the Attributive Clauses. ●教具准备 （1）a tape recorder （2）a projector （3）the blackboard ●教学过程 Step 1 Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step 2 Revision T：In the last period， we learned the usage of some difficult words and expressions. Now let’s check your homework exercises. Look at Part 1 in Using Words and Expressions on Page 63.Describe an earthquake using the vocabulary in this unit. Then choose the words and expressions from the box to complete the passage. Change the form if necessary. Step 3 Grammar （The teacher writes the sentence “Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.” on the blackboard before class begins.） T：A sentence with an attributive clause is a combination of two shorter sentences.In the sentence above，the two short sentences are： “The woman is a teacher.” and “The woman lives next door.” The Attributive Clause is the answer to the question：Which woman is a teacher？ Would you try to divide the sample sentence on the blackboard into two short sentences？ S1：Workers built shelters for survivors. The survivors’ homes had been destroyed. T：That’s right. Now try to find all the sentences with Attributive Clauses in the Reading passage. （After several minutes.） “Who” is used for people. e.g. The man has been caught. He did the robbery. →The man who did the robbery has been caught. “Which” is used for things?
e.g. The chair was a broken one. I sat in the chair. →The chair which I sat in was a broken one. “That” is used for things or people. e.g. plane is a machine. It can fly. →A plane is a machine that can fly. Here is the boy. He damaged the vase. →Here is the boy that damaged the vase. “Whose” is used instead of his/her/their. e.g. She is the girl. Her English is the best in our class. →She is the girl whose English is the best in our class. “Whom” is quite formal，and in most cases it is all right to use who instead. But when whom has a preposition before it，it cannot be replaced by who. e.g.（1）I wanted to see the woman. She had already left. →The woman whom/who I wanted to see had already left. （2）The workers，some of whom stayed here for four years，come from different countries. T：Now look at Part 2 in Discovering Useful Structures on Page 28.Try to complete each sentence using that，which，who，or whose. Step 4 Consolidation T：Now we are going to practice using the Attributive Clause. Think about an unusual experience and how you felt. Work in groups. Take turns asking questions，using “Was it something that？” or “Was there someone who？” Take notes about the experiences of your group members and report back to the class. Step 5 Homework T： After class， read the passage on Page 64.It’s about advice on how to protect your home from an earthquake. Complete the sentences below，using who，whom，which，that or whose. Second ， please translate the following sentences into English ， using the Attributive Clauses. 1.她的父母不允许她嫁给任何家境贫寒的人。 2.两位朋友谈论了许多他们所记得的大学里的人和事。 3.正在那儿唱歌的女孩是我的妹妹。 4.这就是你上个月参观的博物馆吗？ 5.他正在写字用的那枝钢笔是我的。 ●板书设计 Unit 4 Earthquake The Fourth Period Example： Workers built shelters Answers： for survivors whose 1.who 2.that/which homes had been 3.that 4.whose destroyed. 5.whose Relative Pronouns： Useful Expressions： who，which，that 1.Was it something that ...？ whose，whom 2.Was there someone who ...？ ●活动与探究 Conducting a Survey： Conduct a survey on campus in pairs.Ask teachers or students that you can meet and
write down the information you get.Then write a report based on the information.At last report your survey to the whole class and choose the best reporter. Questions： （1）Have you experienced any disaster？ （2）What was it and when did it happen？ （3）What did you do at first？Did you feel frightened？ （4）How did you survive？ （5）Did anyone come to help you？ （6）What have you learnt from it？ ●备课资料 定语从句关系词的选择 1.只用 that，不用 which 的情况： （1） 当先行词是不定代词， 如 all， everything， anything， nothing， much， few， little， none，the one 等。 All that can be done has been done. （2）先行词前有 the only，few，one of，little，no，all，every，very 等词修饰时。 There is no difficulty that we can’t overcome. （3）先行词被序数词 first，last，next 等或形容词的最高级修饰时。 This is the first letter that I’ve written in Japanese. （4）当先行词既有人又有物时。 They talked about the teachers and schools that they had visited. （5）当先行词是系动词 be 后面的表语或关系词本身是从句的表语时。 China isn’t the country that she used to be 50 years ago. （6）当主句是以 who，which 或 what 开头的特殊疑问句时。 Who is the man that is waiting at the bus stop？ （7）当先行词是 what 时。 What did you hear that made you so happy？ 2.只用 which 不用 that 的情况： （1）先行词在非限制性定语从句中充当主语或宾语。 Their house was washed away by the floods，which made them very sad. （2）当关系代词前有介词。 This is the factory in which we once worked. （3）当先行词本身是 that 时。 What’s that which flashed in the sky just now？ （4）当关系代词后面带有插入语时。 Here is the English grammar book which，as I have told you，will help improve your English. 3.as 与 which 的比较： （1）在非限制性定语从句中，均可替代整个主句或句中的某个部分，在从句中作 主语、宾语、表语，如从句在主句之后，两者皆可用；如从句在主句之前，用 as。 They failed in the exam，as/which is natural. As is known to all，the earth moves around the sun. （2）如关系代词代表全句意思，有“正如……，就像……”之意时，用 as。 We won the football game，as we had expected. （3）当先行词被 the same，such，so 修饰时，用 as。 This is the same book as you bought yesterday. Don’t believe in such men as praise you to your face.
（4）当从句内容对主句内容起消极作用，则用 which。 The young man cheated his friend out of much money，which was disgraceful. Related Exercises： 1.I know the boy ____________ you gave the book____________. A.whom；to B.which；to C.to whom；to D.that；to him 2.Harbin is the very place ____________ I’m anxious to pay a visit. A.that B.which C.on which D.to which 3.Have you been to Hangzhou，____________ West Lake is the most beautiful in our country？ A.whose B.which C.that D.where 4.I know the student ____________ you borrowed the pen. A.that B.from whom C.from which D.whom 5.Here are players from Japan，____________ are our old friends. A.that B.where C.they D.who 6.They arrived at the farmhouse，in front of ____________ sat a small boy. A.the place B.it C.which D.that 7.That is the day ____________ I’ll never forget. A./ B.on which C.in which D.when 8.The letter is from my sister，____________ is working in Beijing. A.which B.that C.who D.she 9.I lost a book，____________ I can’t remember now. A.its title B.whose title C.the title of it D.the title of that 10.I want to use the same dictionary ____________ was used yesterday. A.which B.what C.like D.as 11.He is good at English，____________ we all know. A.that B.as C.this D.what 12.I’ll never forget the days ____________ we spent together in the countryside. A.when B.on which C.which D.in which 13.This is the best film ____________ I have ever seen. A.that B.which C.now that D.if 14.He is the only one of the students ____________ from Shanghai. A.who is B.who are C.they are D.that come 15.Mr Scott is one of the foreign experts who ____________ in China. A.works B.is working C.are working D.has been working 16.I，who ____________ in America，feel proud of being a Chinese. A.is B./ C.am D.being 17.The boy failed in the exam again，____________ made his parents disappointed. A.that B.which C.it D.what 18.The doctors and nurses did ____________ they could to help the wounded. A.all what B.all which C.everything what D.all that
19.He’ll never forget the people and the place ____________ she visited in Beijing last year. A.that B.which C.whom D.where 20.Do you know the reason ____________ he was late？ A.for what B.which C.for which D.that 1~5 ADABD 6~10 CACBD 11~15 BCAAC 16~20 CBDAC
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