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1-2 Reading and Vocabulary 120张


Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

1.m

ean vt. 意味着;是??;打算
①I mean the red one, not the green one. 我是指那个红的,不是绿的。 ②What do you mean by saying that? 你那样说是什么意思?
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

单词积累
mean adj. 吝啬的;卑鄙的;中庸的;n. 中间;平均数 meaning n. 意义;含义;意图 meaningful adj. 有意义的 meaningless adj. 无意义的
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
1)mean作“打算;意图;意欲??”讲时,后接名词、 代词、不定式、从句,表示主语的主观意愿,不接动名词。 Anybody could see he meant no harm to others. 任何人都得看出来,他没有伤害别人的意图。 2)mean作“是;意味着”讲时,后接名词、代词、动 名词或从句。 Revolution means liberating the productive forces.
外 研 版 英 语

革命意味着解放生产力。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3)be meant for 打 算 给 予 ; 打 算 做 ?? 用 ( = be
intended for) 4)I mean“就是说;我是说”的意思,常用来更正或 补充前面所说的话。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击 (2010·江苏·27)—Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? —________.Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends
外 研 版 英 语

C. Don't mention it

D. By no means

解析:of course 当然; It depends. 表示看情况而定; Don't mention it.不用客气;By no means.绝不会。由句意

知选D。
答案:D

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2009·福建)—Your mum is very kind. —Yeah. My mum is pretty considerate, you know what________,she always arranges everything around me. A.she means C.I mean 答案:C B.you mean D.we mean
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2.anxious adj. 焦虑的;不安的
1)be anxious about意为“为??担心;为??着急”, 相当于be worried about,后接表示人或事物的名词。 The students are getting anxious about the results of their examination. 学生们都在为他们的考试成绩担心。 2)be anxious for意为“渴望得到”或“渴望知道”, 相当于be eager for,后接具体事物名词或抽象名词。
外 研 版 英 语

We were anxious for the news of your safe arrival.
我们渴望知道你安全到达的消息。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

单词积累
anxiety n. 焦虑;渴望 anxiously adv. 渴望地;焦虑地 anxiousness n. 渴望;焦虑
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
be anxious to do sth.“渴望做某事”;be anxious for sb. to do sth.“渴望某人做某事”;be anxious后面跟宾语 从句,从句的谓语动词要用(should)do的形式的结构都是 常用的。 She was anxious for them all to leave the room. =She was anxious that they all(should)leave the room. 她渴望他们全都离开这个房间。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:anxious, eager
anxious强调“担心”或“焦急”,对结果感到不安, 或担心自己的心愿或希望实现不了;eager强调“对成功的 期望”或“进取的热情”,含有积极向上的意思,往往带 有迫不及待的意味。 ①I was anxious to get home before it rained. 我急于在下雨前赶到家里。(着重担心下雨,才有此行 动)
外 研 版 英 语

②I was eager to get home and have a nice dinner.
我渴望回家去美美地吃一顿晚餐。(着重热切盼望的好 事情)

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2009·河南实验中学)The doctors________his health. A.are eager about B.are eager for C.anxious about D.are anxious about 答案:D
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3.head
1)n.(人或动物的)头,脑袋;顶部;前端;领袖 ①It costs ? 5 a head to eat there. 到那里吃饭每人须付五美元。 ②Put your address at the head of the letter. 把你的地址写在信的顶部。 ③Mr. Li wants to see the head of your family. 李老师要见你的家长。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)vt. & vi. 为首;领导;朝着??方向走去。
①The bus headed the line of cars. 公共汽车开在一列小汽车的前头。 ②Who headed the department while Mr. White was abroad? 怀特先生出国期间谁主管着这个部门?
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

③The King headed twoards the soldier holiding his
head high. 国王昂首阔步向土兵走去。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2010· 江 苏 ·31)—I have tried very hard to find a solution to the problem, but in vain. —why not consult with Frank? You see, ________. A.great minds think alike B.two heads are better than one C.a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush D.it's better to think twice before doing something
外 研 版 英 语

解析:B表三个臭皮匠凑成诸葛亮;A英雄所见略同;
C一鸟在手胜于二鸟在林; D三思而后行。 答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
—Where are you________? —I'm________the bookstore. A.heading; heading B.heading for; heading for C.heading; heading for D.heading for; heading 答案:C
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

4.eye
1)n. 眼睛;视力;视觉 ①My eye fell upon an interesting advertisement in the newspaper. 我的目光落在报纸上一则有趣的广告上。 ②He has a quick eye for mistakes. 任何错误也逃不出他的眼睛。 2)v. 细看;注视(常与up连用)
外 研 版 英 语

The little girl was eyeing(up)a toy in the window.
这个小姑娘正盯着橱窗里的玩具。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
catch sb.'s eye 醒目;引人注意 see eye to eye (常与with连用)意见一致 shut one's eyes to 对某事物视而不见
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
A crowd of local children B.eyeing D.saw gathered around, ________us in silence. A.eyed C.seeing 答案:B
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

5.either
1)adj. 任一的;(两方中的)每一方的 There are trees on either side of the river. 在河的每一边都是树。 注意:either修饰可数名词单数时,名词前不用物主 代词、指示代词或冠词。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)pron. 任一;随便一个
There's coffee or tea—you can have either. 咖啡或茶——你可以任选一种。 3)conj. 或者;也 Either my father or my brothers are coming. 不是我父亲就是我兄弟们要来。 4)adv. 也(不),表示否定意义,常位于否定句末,并 有逗号与句子分开。
外 研 版 英 语

I haven't read it and my brother hasn't either.
我没有读过它,我弟弟也没读过。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
either...or... 意为“或者??或者??”,“不是?? 就是??”;“要么??要么??”;该结构连接任何两 个语法功能相同的词、短语和句子。若连接主语时谓语动 词与它靠近的主语相一致。 Either you or he is to attend the meeting. 要么是你,要么是他将去参加会议。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:also, too, as well, either
这几个词语都有“也”的意思,但用法各异。 1)also表示肯定意义,在句中常紧靠动词,位于动词 之前或be动词、助动词及情态动词之后。 ①I have also heard about that. 我也听说过那件事。 ②He may also go to the meeting next week. 他下周也可能去参加那个会议。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)too表示肯定意义,比also更通俗,可用于句中或句 末,放在句中时too的前后都要有逗号。 He is, too, good at English.(=He is good at English, too.) 他的英语也很好。 3)as well多用于口语中,表示肯定意义,无须用逗号 与句子分开。常位于句末,也可用于句中,表示“也好; 也行”的意思。 ①She not only sings, and she plays piano as well. 她不但会唱歌,而且也会弹钢琴。 ②You may as well go. 你去也好。

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

4)either表示否定意义,常位于否定句末,并有逗号与
句子分开。 She didn't understand, either. 她也不懂。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(1)(2009· 湖 南 )Either you or one of your students ________ to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. A.are C.have B.is D.be
外 研 版 英 语

解析:本题考查主谓一致。句子的主语是Either you or one of your students,为单数形式,所以谓语要用is。 答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(2)(2010·重庆·23) He had lost his temper and his
health in the war and never found ________ of them again. A. neither C. each B. either D. all
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查代词。由“his tepmer and health”可以排 除C项和D项,由后面的never表否定,选either。 答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2008·全国Ⅰ)—Which of the two computer games did you prefer? —Actually I didn't like________. A.both of them C.none of them 答案:B B.either of them D.neither of them
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

6.injury n. [U][C]伤害;损害
He suffered serious injuries to the arms and legs. 他的双臂和双腿严重受伤。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

助记
归类injury种种:

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

搭配
do sb. an injury 伤害某人 If you try and lift that suicase you will do yourself an injury! 要提起那箱子,你就要受伤了!
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
injured adj. 受伤的 That injured man needs to be operated on immediately. 那位受伤的男子需要立即动手术。 injure vt. 伤害,使受伤 ①Your remark may injure her pride. 你的话也许会伤她的自尊心。 ②There were two people injured in the car accident.
外 研 版 英 语

有两个人在车祸中受了伤。
③The boy injured his leg. 这个男孩弄伤了腿。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:injure, damage, hurt, wound
injure 指(人)在平时或事故中受伤,大多造成容颜、机 能的损害。
外 研 版 英 语

dama 指损害某物。 ge

指(人)在平时或事故中受伤,有强烈的疼痛感; hurt 还可指对心理的伤害。 woun 指(人)在战斗、攻击中受伤,身体上出现明显的 d 伤口。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

After being wounded in the fighting, he was injured in
an accident. 在战斗中负伤后,他又在一次事故中受了伤。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2008· 庆 )Teenagers 重 they play computer games too much. A.have damaged C.damaged B.are damaging D.will damage
外 研 版 英 语

their health because

解析:本题主要考查时态的用法。句意为:“因为青 少年过多地玩电子游戏,所以他们是在摧残身体”。此处 are damaging表示一个正在进行的动作或所处的状态,其

他时态不对。
答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
They were badly________when their car hit a tree. A.hurt C.injured 答案:C B.wounded D.damaged
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

7.normal adj. 正常的;正规的
①Take it easy. You have a normal body temperature. 别紧张,你的体温正常。 ②Wet weather is quite normal at this time of year. 每年这时气候潮湿是很正常的。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
normal n. 常态;通常水平 return to normal 恢复正常 above/below normal 高于/低于正常水平 normally adv. 正常地;一般地
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:ordinary/common/usual/normal
1)ordinary adj. 普通的,平常的,平凡的。强调等级 和类属方面的普通。 2)common adj. 普通的,常见的。强调经常发生,司 空见惯,又指“共同的,共存的”。 3)usual adj. 通常的,惯常的,强调依靠惯例来判断, 有“遵循常规”的意思。 4)normal adj. 正常的,合乎标准的。形容人或物符合
外 研 版 英 语

常态或常规。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
Letterboxes are much more________in the UK than in the US, where most people have a mailbox instead. A.common C.ordinary 答案:A B.normal D.usual
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

8.avoid v. 避免
后面接名词或代词;还可以接v.-ing形式,但一定不 能接动词不定式。 ①I realized that she was trying to avoid the topic. 我意识到她在努力回避这个话题。 ②The man tried to avoid answering him. 那人回避回答他这个问题。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
1)avoidable adj. 可以避免的 avoidance n. 回避;避免(不可数名词,有时可以加不 定冠词) 2)avoid后面可接动名词作宾语,不能接不定式作宾语。 类似的动词(短语)还有:admit, advise, allow, consider, delay, enjoy, finish, forbid, forgive, imagine, mind, miss, permit, practise, risk, suggest, feel like, give up, object to,
外 研 版 英 语

put off, stick to, can't help(禁不住), be used to(习惯于??),
get down to(开始着手??), look foward to(盼望)。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

①The ship delayed leaving the port.
船只延迟离开了港口。 ②He is devoted to helping the poor. 他全心全意地帮助穷人。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
Pregnant women should avoid________certain foods such as raw eggs. A.to eat C.to have eaten 答案:B B.eating D.being eaten
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

1.make sure 确保;确定
用法归纳 1)单独使用 I think I locked the door, but I'll just go back and make sure. 我想我锁门了,但我还是要回去查看一下。 2)与of连用 You'd better make sure of the time and place before
外 研 版 英 语

you write.
你最好先把时间和地点确定了,然后再写。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3)与不定式连用,其否定式常用make sure/certain not
to。 While making an experiment, make sure not to leave the lab. 做实验时一定不要离开实验室。 4)与that等从句连用。从句中that可省略。 ①Can you make sure(that)you will succeed? 你能确保成功吗?
外 研 版 英 语

②She doesn't make sure whether she has locked the
room. 她不能确保是否把房门锁上了。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
1)be sure of/about 确信;有把握;表示句中主语的信 心。 You can be sure of one thing—there'll be a lot of laughs. 你有一点可以肯定——那里将会笑声不断。 注意:be sure about后不能接doing,只能接表示人或 物的名词或代词。在be sure of/about结构中,有时可用feel, seem等连系动词替换be。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)be sure to do用来表示说话人(外人)对句子中主语行 为的判断或推测;或用于祈使句。 ①You are sure to be scolded if you do such a thing. 如果你做这种事情,肯定会受到责骂的。 ②Be sure to ring and let us know you've got back safely. 一定要来个电话,让我们知道你已经平安返回。 3)接that, where或what等引导的从句。 ①I am not sure where my cellphone was lost. 我不能确定手机丢在了哪里。 ②He is sure that he will pass the driving test. 他确信他会通过驾驶测试。

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:certain, sure
这两个词都有“肯定的;确切的”的含义。 1)certain指确定无疑、不容怀疑,表明有客观的理由 和证据支持,主语不一定是人,在句中作表语,常用be certain about, be certain of(doing)sth., be certain to do sth. 句型,也可接从句或用于It is certain that...句型。 2)sure强调主观上的信念或肯定,主语只能是人,常 用be sure about sth., be sure of(doing)sth., be sure to do sth.
外 研 版 英 语

句型,后也可接从句。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2007·安徽)You can only be sure of________you have at present; you cannot be sure of something________you might get in the future. A.that; what C.which; that B.what; / D./; that
外 研 版 英 语

解析:第一个空是what引导宾语从句,第二个空是 that引导定语从句,因为先行词是something为不定代词,

因此用that引导,在定语从句中作宾语时,that可省略。
答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2010· 银 川 实 验 中 学 期 中 )—It's________that all the people invited will come before nine. —Don't be so________. A.certain; certain C.sure; sure 答案:B B.certain; sure D.sure; certain
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2.in one's opinion 依??之见;照??的看法
用法归纳 用 来 表 达 个 人 的 看 法 或 意 见 , 意 思 似 类 于 sb. think/suggest/feel,但比它们更正式。常用作插入语,相当 于in one's view。 ①Autumn is the most beautiful season in a year in my opinion. 在我看来,秋天是一年里最美的季节。
外 研 版 英 语

②In his opinion, we are wasting time.
在他看来,我们是在浪费时间。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
express/give one's opinion on/upon... 发表对??的意 见 form an opinion about 形成对??的看法 have a good opinion of sb. 对??印象好
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2007· 福 建 )Although________my opinion, the old professor didn't come up with his own. A.against C.for B.on D.in
外 研 版 英 语

解析:in one's opinion “在某人看来”。但此处根据 句意应选A。“尽管反对我的意见,老教授没有提出他自 己的意见。”

答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
He was very sad at the low opinion she________of him. A.found C.made 答案:D B.thought D.had
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3.be crazy about... 着迷于??
The boy was crazy about computer games and often stayed up all night. 这个男孩着迷于电脑游戏,通常通宵熬夜。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
be crazy for... 渴望得到?? like crazy 疯狂地;拼命地 go crazy 变得疯狂 be crazy to do sth. 疯狂地做某事 It's crazy of sb. to do sth.=(sb. be crazy to do sth.) 某人干??真是疯狂 It's crazy of you to buy the car at such a high prize.=
外 研 版 英 语

You are crazy to buy the car at such a high prize.
居然花这么高的价钱买这辆车,你真是疯了。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
He always works like________. So everyone likes him. A.crazy C.others 答案:A B.mad D.busy
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

1 . When Zhou Kai's mother saw him heading
towards the front door without a jacket on, she eyed him anxiously. 周凯的妈妈看见他没有穿夹克衫就朝前门走去时,她 担心地盯着周凯。 在该句中,含有“see sb. doing sth.”句式,意为“看 见某人正在做某事”,动词-ing形式作动词see的宾语补足 语。
外 研 版 英 语

The child was happy to see the little cat jumping
around him. 那个小孩高兴看到小猫在他身边跳来跳去的。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
动词-ing形式通常可以作宾补的动词有: 1) 感 官 动 词 : see, hear, feel, notice, find, watch, observe, smell, look at, listen to等。 Hearing the news that he was coming, she felt her heart beating faster. 听到他要来的消息,她感到心跳在加快。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)使役动词have, get以及其他类动词keep, leave, set等。
①Can you get the clock going again? 你能使钟表再走起来吗? ②Sorry to have kept you waiting. 抱歉,让你久等了。 ③She left me waiting outside for half an hour. 她让我在外面等了半个小时。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2007· 全 国 Ⅰ)I smell something________in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? A.burning C.being burnt 动作正在进行。 答案:A B.burnt D.to be burnt
外 研 版 英 语

解析:此处考查v.-ing形式作宾语补足语,表示当时

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2010· 山西 实 验 中学 月 考 )In the dream Peter saw himself________by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly with a start. A.chased C.be chased 答案:A B.to be chased D.having been chased
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2.“OK, OK.” Zhou Kai went and did as he was
told. “好吧,好吧!”周凯照着妈妈说的做了。 as在句中引起方式状语从句,意为“照??方式;如; 外 按照”。 ①Why didn't you catch the first bus as they told you to? 你为什么不按他们告诉你的去乘早班车呢?
研 版 英 语

②When at Rome do as the Romans do.
入乡随俗。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
1)as作介词用,意为“当作;作为”;指处于某种状 态、性质、情况、工作等之中。 I don't think much of him as a musician. 我认为他离当一个音乐家还差得很远。 2)as作从属连词用,可以引导以下几种状语从句: (1)比较状语从句,意为“与??一样”。 I am not half as clever as you think I am.
外 研 版 英 语

我还没有你想象的一半聪明。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(2)时间状语从句,意为“当??之时;一边??一
边??;随着??”,表示主句动作与从句动作同时发生、 同时进行。 They sang songs as they were doing farm work. 他们一边干农活,一边唱歌。 (3)原因状语从句,表示较明显的原因,从句通常放在 主句之前,意为“因为;既然”。 As everyone is here, let's begin.
外 研 版 英 语

既然大家都到了,咱们就开始吧。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(4)意为“尽管;虽然”;引导让步状语从句。用倒装
结构,要将作表语的形容词、名词或作状语的副词置于句 首,且名词前不用任何冠词,也还可将动词提前。 ①Try as you will, you won't succeed. 你再试也不会成功的。(动词提前) ②Much as I should like to see my parents, I can't go to my hometown now. 虽然我很想见到父母,可现在却不能回家。(状语提前)
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③Child as he was, he knew a lot of things.
尽管他是个孩子,但他知道很多事情。(名词作表语时 提前,名词前不用冠词)

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3)作关系代词,引出定语从句,此时as常与such和the
same连用,也可单独引导定语从句。 ①David, as you know, is the best player. 如你所知,大卫是最佳选手。 ②He is not such a fool as he looks. 他并不像看起来那么傻。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(1)(2009·四川)My uncle's house in the downtown area is much smaller than ours, but it is twice________expensive. A.as C.too B.so D.very
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查倍数的表达法。句意:“我叔叔在闹市区 的房子比我们的小很多,但是价钱却是我们的两倍”。 “ A 倍 数 + as + adj./adv. + as B” 是 其 中 一 种 , 此 处

expensive后面省略了as ours。
答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(2) (2009·江西)According to statistics, a man is more
than twice as likely to die of skin cancer ________ a woman. A. than C. so B. such D. as
外 研 版 英 语

解 析 : 考 查 了 倍 数 的 表 达 方 法 。 即 “ 倍 数 + as + adj./adv.+as”句意为“根据统计数据,男性死于皮肤癌 的可能性比女性大二倍还要多。” 答案:D

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2009·昆明一中)Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially________father was away in America. A.as C.during 答案:A B.that D.if
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3.A lot of school friends eat sweets every day but I'm
lucky because I don't have a sweet tooth—I'd rather eat a nice piece of fruit. 我的很多学校的朋友每天都吃甜食,我就非常幸运, 因为我不吃甜食——我宁愿吃点美味的水果。 would rather意为“宁愿;愿意”;其缩写形式为'd rather,否定形式为would rather not。常用以下句型结构:
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(1)“would rather+动词原形”,表示“现在或将来
宁愿”。 I would rather stay here and have a good rest. 我愿意呆在这儿好好休息。 (2)“would rather+have done”,表示“过去宁愿”。 I was asked to go to the ball last night but I would rather have stayed at home. 昨晚我被叫去参加舞会,但我宁愿呆在家。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(3)“would rather(that)+从句”,其从句的谓语动词
有两种情况: a.用动词过去时,表示与现在或将来事实相反的虚 拟语气。 Don't come tomorrow. I'd rather you came next week. 明天别来,我希望你下周来。 b.用过去完成时,表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。 We would rather he had given the lecture last week.
外 研 版 英 语

我们希望他上周就做了这个讲座。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2010·江苏·34) George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I'd rather he ________ more on its culture. A.focus C.would focus B.focused D.had focused
外 研 版 英 语

解析:would rather后应用虚拟语气,表示与现在时 间相反,用动词的过去式。

答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2007·江西)—Will you join us in the game? —Thank you, ________. A.but why not? C.and I won't 答案:B B.but I'd rather not D.and I'll join
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

4.I'm quite healthy. I very rarely get colds, although,
unusually for me, I had a bad cold and a bit of a fever last week. 我十分健康。我很少感冒,尽管上周我得了重感冒而 且有点发烧,但这对我来说不是经常的事。 although conj. 尽管;虽然 ①Although it was so cold, he went out without an overcoat.
外 研 版 英 语

天气虽然很冷,他没有穿大衣就出去了。
②I was late for the last train although I hurried. 虽然我拼命赶路,还是没搭上最后一班火车。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

注意:
1)although引导状语从句时,主句中不能再用连接词 but,但可用副词yet, nevertheless等。 The article is very important though(although)it is short. 那篇文章虽然很短,但很重要。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)though, although和as作为连词都可引导让步状语从
句,但用法不同。as引导的从句一定要倒装,although引 导的从句一定不倒装,though引导的从句可倒装也可不倒 装。 Young though/as he is, he is quite experienced. 他虽然很年轻,但很有经验。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2009·湖南)________ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. A.Although C.If only B.As long as D.As soon as
外 研 版 英 语

解析:本题考查连词的用法。Although在此引导让步 状语从句,与后文主句部分构成转折关系。句意为:虽然

警察认为他是最有可能的嫌疑人,但是没有直接证据,因
而不能拘捕他。 答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2010· 东 北 三 校 模 拟 )________most of the earth's surface is covered by water, fresh water is very rare and precious. A.As C.If 答案:D B.Once D.Although
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

5.But that's because I was stupid enough to play
football in the rain. 那是因为我太傻,在雨中踢球的缘故。 because引导的从句是表语从句。 It's because he will not give himself the trouble. 那是因为他自己怕麻烦。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:because, since, as, for
1)because, since, as, for都作“因为”讲。as, because, since是从属连词,引导原因状语从句,其中because语气最 强。 He was disappointed because he failed again. 他很沮丧,因为他又失败了。 2)since表示附带的原因,语气次之。 Since you have known it, I won't repeat it.
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既然你已经知道了,我就不重复了。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3)as表示显而易见、已为人知的原因,语气最弱。
As the Maori had no written language, the stories of Maori history were handed down from generation to generation. 毛利人没有书面语言,所以有关毛利历史的传说是一 代一代口传下来的。 4)for是并列连词,它引导的句子对前面的句子加以解 释或补充说明。
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He felt no fear, for he was a brave man.
他一点也不害怕,他是一个勇敢的人。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

注意:这四个连词中,只有because可用来回答why的
提问、引导表语从句或用于强调结构。 It was because the water had risen that they could not cross the river. 他们无法过河的原因是河水上涨了。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2010·辽宁·29)The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair ________ he wanted to sit next to his wife. A.although C.because B.unless D.if
外 研 版 英 语

解析:句意:这位老人叫露丝挪到另一把椅子上因为 他想跟他妻子挨着坐。考查从属连词。空格前后两个句子 在逻辑意义上存在原因关系,所以用because引导原因状语

从句。although引导让步状语从句,unless和if引导条件状
语从句。 答案:C

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2008·北京)—Did you return Fred's call? —I didn't need to________I'll see him tomorrow. A.though C.when 答案:D B.unless D.because
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

6.I think I don't get these things because I take a lot
of exercise and am very fit. 我认为这是由于我经常锻炼,身体健康的缘故。 I think I don't get...为否定句,否定词not是放在宾语 从句中,虽然not在从句中的否定意义较强,但没有转移至 主句常见,即I don't think I get...
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
1)英语中,think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等 动词用来引导一个否定概念时,通常把否定词not移到主句 中,形成否定转移,具有婉转、客气的作用。 ①I don't believe he will come. 我认为他不会来。 ②They didn't expect we would say anything. 他们料想我们什么也不会说。
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

2)当这类句子变反意疑问句时,其变化形式与宾语从
句保持一致,且用肯定形式;但如果主句的主语不是第一 人称时,则反问在主句上。 ①I don't imagine he passed the exam, did he? 我想象不出他竟然通过了考试,是吗? ②You don't imagine he passed the exam, do you? 你想象不出他竟然通过了考试,是吗?
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

3)以“Do you think...?”这样的句子来提问,通常用
I think so或I believe so来表示肯定意义:用I don't think so 或I don't believe so或I believe not表示否定意义。 —We have invited Tom to our party. Do you think he will come? 我们邀请了Tom来参加我们的晚会。你认为他会来吗? —I think so. 我认为他会来。
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2008·浙江)—Are you all right? —________. A.That's OK C.Take it easy B.I think so D.It's very kind of you
外 研 版 英 语

解析:句意:“你身体好吗?”“是的”。l think so 中的so代指that I am all right。That's OK回答别人的感谢 或者道歉;Take it easy“放松;别紧张”;安慰别人,让

别人别紧张;It's very kind of you“你真是太好了”;回
答别人的帮助。 答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2009·杭州联考)We don't think the boy can carry away such a heavy stone, ________? A.do we C.can he 答案:C B.don't we D.can't he
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Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

7.Two years ago, I broke my arm playing football.
两年前我在一次踢球时摔伤了胳膊。 句中的playing football是现在分词短语在句中作状语, 相当于when I was playing football。 注意:现在分词作状语时,与逻辑主语之间应存在主 谓关系。 Walking in the street, I met an old friend of mine. =When I was walking in the street, I met an old friend
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of mine.
当我在大街上走时,遇见了我的一个老朋友。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

知识拓展
现在分词形式还可作定语,单个的现在分词形式作定 语时,放在被修饰语之前,现在分词短语形式作定语时放 在被修饰语之后,相当于一个定语从句。 This is an exciting story. 这是一个令人兴奋的故事。 The student reading a book over there is my brother. =The student who is reading a book over there is my
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brother.
在那边读书的那个学生是我的弟弟。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(1)(2009·福建)In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao,________the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A.marking C.having marked B.marked D.being marked
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词做状语,其后有 宾语,故与逻辑主语是主谓关系,且表示的动作与谓语动

词的动作同时进行,用现在分词,选A。
答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(2)(2010· 四 川 ·17)The lawyer listened with full
attention,________ to miss any point. A.not trying C.to try not B.trying not D.not to try
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查现在分词短语作伴随状语及动词不定式的 否定式。句中listen和try not to miss为同时进行的动作,故 用现在分词的一般式做伴随状语。又动词不定式的否定式 要在其前加not.故选B。

答案:B

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2008·北京)________that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she'd like that little doll on her bed. A.Seeing C.See 答案:A B.To see D.Seen
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

8.The injury was quite painful and I couldn't move
my arm for a month—I hated that. 受伤处很疼,我一个月不敢动胳膊了——我很讨厌这件 事。 that指上文提到的“受伤处很疼,我一个月不敢动胳 膊了。”这件事。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:one, that
都可以用来避免重复前面提到过的名词,但它们之间 是有区别的。 one可以代替一个单数名词,并且其前面往往有修饰 词this, that, the。如果句中的单数名词被a(an)所修饰或复 数名词被some, any所修饰时,one可以单独代替它们;that 可以代替一个单数名词或不可数名词,that前面没有任何 修饰词,后面的介词主要是of,有时也可以是与修饰句中
外 研 版 英 语

名词的介词短语相对应的其他介词,that的复数形式those
可以用来代替一个复数名词。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

①That book is a lot more interesting than this one.
那本书比这本书有趣得多。 ②The population of Wuhan is larger than that of Hangzhou. 武汉的人口比杭州的多。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(1)(2009·浙江)—I've read another book this week. —Well, maybe________is not how much you read but what you read that counts. A.this C.there B.that D.it
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查强调句。强调句结构为“it is/was+被强调 部分+that+其他成分”。句意:“——我这一周又读了一

本书”。“——嗯,也许重要的不在于读得多少而在于读的
什么。” 答案:D

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

(2)(2010·陕西·12) The cost of renting a house in
central Xi'an is higher than ________ in any other area of the city. A. that C. it B. this D. one
外 研 版 英 语

解析:考查代词。所填词用于比较状语从句中,指代 句子的主语cost,即指代不可数名词,用that。This指代下 文即将提到的事物;it指代“同一物”;one指代“同类中

的一个”之意。
答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2008·全国Ⅰ)The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from________spoken in England. A.which C.that 答案:C B.what D.the one
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

9.I'm captain of the class team at school and I'm also a member of the Senior High team. 在学校里,我是班队的队长,同时也是校队的队员。 该句中captain前没有用冠词,表示职位的名词,如 外 monitor, king, president, chairman, captain等在句中作表 研 版 英 语 语、补语、同位语时,前面不用冠词。 ① We elected him monitor of our class for he is hard-working and helpful. 我们选他当我们的班长,因为他工作努力、乐于助人。 ②Who is captain of the football team? 谁是足球队队长?

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

注意:表示职位的名词在句中作主语、宾语时,其前
面仍需用恰当的冠词。 ①There was once a king named Monkey. 从前有个叫“猴子”的国王。 ②The captain of the ship was brave enough to save all the passengers. 这艘船的船长勇敢地营救了所有的乘客。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2010· 江 苏 ·21) The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that ________ people from all walks of life are working hard for ________ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a C. the; a B. 不填;the D. the; the
外 研 版 英 语

解析:第一空,来自社会各阶层的人,不是特指,不 用冠词。第二空, 在Jiangsu 前有形容词new ,因此,应

加冠词a,表示一个全新的江苏。
答案:A

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2010· 宁 波 模 拟 )Hu Jintao, ________President of China, is going to meet________President of United States tomorrow. A.a; a C./; the 答案:C B.the; the D./; /
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

10.Because of this, I make sure that I have a good
diet, and as I've said, this isn't a problem because my mother feeds us so well. 正是因为这,我必须吃得很健康,当然就如我说的那 样,这不成问题,因为妈妈把我们养得那么好。 该句是并列复合句,由连词and连接两个并列分句, 在第一个分句中,含有that引导的宾语从句。在第二个分 句中,含有as引导的方式状语从句和because引导的原因状
外 研 版 英 语

语从句。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

because of为复合介词,用于引导状语,有时也引导表
语 , 后 接 名 词 、 代 词 、 动 名 词 或 由 what 引 导 的 从 句 , because of构成的短语可置于句首或句中。 Because of my sleeplessness, I'm going to see the doctor. 因为失眠,我打算去看医生。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

注意:because为从属连词,引导原因状语从句;而
because of构成的是短语。不是从句,后接名词、代词、动 词-ing形式或what从句。如: I didn't go to the cinema because I had seen it already. =I didn't go to the cinema because of my having seen it already. 我没去看电影是因为我已看过了。
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

词语辨析:because of, owing to, due to, on account of, thanks to 这五个短语都有“由于”;“因为”的意思,都是介 词短语,因此后面不可接从句。 1)because of意为“由于;因为”;强调因果关系,在 句中作状语,修饰句中的一部分,与其他成分不用逗号隔 开。 2)owing to与because of一样,也强调因果关系,作状 语修饰整个句子,可在句首或句末,用逗号隔开。 3)due to引出造成后果的原因,在句中作表语、状语 和定语。作状语时与owing to同义,且一般不与其他成分 隔开。

外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

4)on account of与because of, owing to同义,但语气较
为正式。可作状语、表语,不作定语。 5)thanks to只能做状语,可以表达正面意思,“幸 好”;也可用于讽刺口吻中。 ①We must not get discouraged beacuse of such a minor setback. 我们绝不能因为这样一个小小的挫折就灰心丧气。 ②They decided to postpone the trip, owing to the
外 研 版 英 语

change of the weather.
由于天气变化,他们决定延期启程。

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

高考直击
(2007·浙江)The open-air celebration has been put off________the bad weather. A.in case of C.instead of B.in spite of D.because of
外 研 版 英 语

解析:根据句意“露天庆祝活动因为坏天气而被推 迟。”because of “因为”;in case of “万一”;in spite of “尽管”。

答案:D

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

即学即用
(2010·山西大同)Tom, together with his classmates, ________because of________the school rule. A. was punished, obeying B. were punished; breaking C. was punished, breaking D. were punished; obeying 答案:C
外 研 版 英 语

Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits

外 研 版 英 语


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