一. 主语补足语即被动语态中的宾语 补足语。 eg.They caught the boy stealing. 被动语态 The boy was caught stealing. stealing 即为主语补足语 被动语态后的主语补足语 二.主语补足语的判别 1.看句中的动词是不是可接复合宾 语，而且是不是被动语态 2. 另一种最简单的方法是：如果还不 能看出来就可以把全句改成主
动语 态，加上一个主语 we 或 people 等。 改成主动语态后，看后面是不是变成 了“宾语+宾语补足语”了， 这样我们就
可以判别原句后面是不是主语补足 语。 e.g. 被 动 句 ： She was found reading in the library. (主语补足语) 主动句：We found her reading in the library. (宾语+宾语补足语) 三.主语补足语形式种种 1. 动词 elect, call, name, make, find, leave 等后面常接名词用作主语补足 语。例如： ① The dog is called Karl. ② Coal is sometimes called stored-up sunlight. ③ He was found the right man for the job. 2. 动词 keep, make, paint, cut, burn, beat, wash, find, consider, wipe 等后面 常接形容词用作主语补足语。例如：
① The door was painted white. ② The old man was found weak. ③ The classroom is always kept clean every day. 3. 动词 see, watch, hear, feel, listen to, look at, imagine 等后面接分词用作主 语补足语。例如： ① He is often heard reading English. ② The professor was seen making an experiment in the chemistry lab. ③ The glass was found broken. ④ The classroom was found crowded with people. 4. 感 官 动 词 see, watch, hear, notice, feel, make 等后面接带 to 的不 定式用作主语补足语。 例如： ① He was seen to come upstairs. ② Ice is known to be in a solid state. ③ The spy was ordered to be hanged.
5. 介词短语用作主语补足语。 例 如： ① The books in the study must be kept in good order. ② He was found in good health. ③ English is considered of great importance for us. 6. as 后面接名词、形容词、分词 等用作主语补足语。例如： ① English is taken as a useful means for research work. ② The news is considered as true. ③ The stool is usually thought as having four legs ④ The vase is thought as broken. 7. 由 what 引导的名词性从句用 作主语补足语。 例如： The boy has been made what he is. 四、主语补足语与表语的区别 主语补足语，通常位于主语之前或谓 语动词之后，当然放在谓语动词被动
语态的过去分词之后， 一般表语都属于主语补语。 如 i feel nervous. nervous 即是表语也 是主语补语。 被动语态时，主语补语不是表语。 如 He was caught alive. alive 是主语补 语，不是表语 ①主语补语位于主语之前，后有逗号 例：Tired and sleepy, I went to bed ②有时位于主语之后，前后皆有逗号 例：Chen, only 1.30 metres tall, won the first prize. ③位于谓语动词之后 例：He died young
He was found dead.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。