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厦门十中高二英语必修五Unit1 单元综合练习(2012.9.14)

厦门十中高二英语综合练习(必修五 Unit1)
I.单项填空 15 分 1. In some Muslin countries, women do not _______their faces in the public. A. reveal B. uncover C. expose D. disclose 2. If I take this medicine twic

e a day, it should _____my cold. A. recover, B. hold C. restore D. cure 3.________some pennies,I think there are only nine pounds left in my pocket. A.In addition B.Rather thanC.Apart from D.Instead of 4. I suggested that he _____ telephone the manager before he decided. A. telephoned B. would telephone C. telephone D. had to telephone 5. Sometimes paragraphs need to be rearranged for the story to ________ to us. A.concentrate on B.speed up C.leave out D.make sense 6. I waved to Nancy,but she was ________ in her thoughts,and made no response. A.involved B.stuck C.absorbed D.interested 7.Our team was ahead during the first half, but we _____ in the last ten minutes. A. were won B. were lost C. were beaten D. won 8.I’ve always been very ________ about giving my address and telephone number to strangers. A.worried B.anxiousC.careful D.cautious 9. Usually children are allowed to ___________ when they are six years old. A. attend school B. attend the school C. join school D. join the school 10. With a lot of difficult problems_____, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settling 11. After being ____,he was told he was suffering from cancer. A. checked B. tested C. examined D. treated 12. Our foreign English teacher always ________ us students how to get to know about the culture and customs of foreign countries. A.informs B.Instructs C.cultivates D.educates 13. Enough of it! Nobody here thinks what you are saying should make any _______.A. value B. sense C. fun D. use 14. She felt rather _______that she should drive the car at such a___________ speed. A. frightening, frightening B. frightened, frightened C. frightening, frightened D. frightened, frightening 15. Cleaning women in big cities get _____ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 16. The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable ________. A.held B.holdingC.be held D.to hold 二. 完形填空 30 Mr Adamson enjoys playing the violin in his spare time. He is often carried away(着迷) by his own 36 .But it is a 37 time for his neighbors when Mr Adamson plays because he 38 so badly. One day Mr Adamson sat by a 39 and began to play the violin as usual. Mr

Adamson seemed to be making 40 instead of music, but he was so 41 that he almost forgot what he was doing. Just 42 , some stones were thrown out of the window under 43 Mr Adamson was sitting, 44 he did not pay any attention to it. The “music” 45 .After a little while, an empty bottle and a worn-out shoe were thrown out of the window, 46 .Only then did Mr Adamson know that this was not the place for him to play in. Mr Adamson was very 47 .He thought, “ 48 no living people can understand my music, I should go to a place where people may appreciate my works.” So he 49 to go to a graveyard.(墓园) He came to a graveyard where there is no other 50 except the church toll(钟 声). Mr Adamson sat at a grave and thought 51 ,“I must do my best to 52 that my music is outstanding.” The more he thought, the more inspired he was, and 53 he began to play his violin. Suddenly a bare foot stretched(伸) out from the graveyard and gave Mr Adamson a heavy 54 which sent him flying. His violin also dropped from his hand. Mr Adamson felt very sad 55 his works as not accepted by anyone, not even the dead. 36.A.violin B.music C.noise D.sound 37.A.terrible B.useless C.wonderful D.long 38.A.sings B.shouts C.dances D.does 39.A.house B.door C.window D.wall 40.A.sound B.something C.noises D.voices 41.A.angry B.excited C.comfortable D.disappointed 42.A.that B.right C.now D.then 43.A.which B.it C.that D.where 44.A.and B.but C.so D.for 45.A.stopped B.began C.played D.continued 46.A.together B.slowly C.too D.again 47.A.happy B.sad C.glad D.tearful 48.A.Perhaps B.Though C.If D.Even 49.A.decided B.said C.thought D.knew 50.A.person B.building C.thing D.sound 51.A.anything B.his music C.a lot D.hardly 52.A.show B.say C.talk D.mean 53.A.first B.again C.finally D.later 54.A.kick B.beating C.wing D.shoe 55.A.when B.and C.because D.so .三、阅读理解 26 Albert Einstein was probably the most famous scientist of the twentieth century. He changed scientific thinking in the modern world. He is generally considered as the greatest physicist who ever lived. What’s more, he devoted a lot of his time and energy to working for human rights and progress. In 1933, while Einstein was visiting England and the United States, the Nazi government of Germany took all his things away, including his position and his citizenship. Einstein then settled down in the United States. In 1939, Einstein, who loved peace—afraid of a world in which only Hitler would had an atomic bomb (原子

弹)—tried hard to persuade President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a famous letter to have the United States start uranium research. That Germany, after all, had no bomb, and that the first bomb would fall on Japan, could not have been expected. After the war, Einstein never stopped working for peace and reducing the number of soldiers in the world. Although he wasn’t connected with any accepted religion(宗教), Einstein felt that trust in a personal God was too special an idea to be suitable to the God at work in this universe, but he never believed that the universe was one of chance or disorder. The universe to him was one of pure law and order. He once said, “God may know everything, but he is not hateful.” 56. From the passage we know that . A. no scientist is as great as Albert Einstein during this century B. Albert Einstein was likely to be the greatest scientist of his time C. Albert Einstein made the first atomic bomb for the United States of America D. Albert Einstein gave up his German citizenship for political reasons 57. If Einstein had known that Hitler had no atomic bomb and that the first atomic bomb would fall on Japan, he would _______ A. have continued his scientific research B. have won another Nobel Prize for physics C. not have advised starting uranium research in the U. S. A. D. not have moved to the U. S. A. 58. Einstein in 1933. A. visited England and the U. S. A. B. lost everything C. became a man without a country D. both A and C 59. Einstein believed that everything in the universe . A. was kept in order by its own law B. had nothing to do with each other C. happened in an irregular way D. was made by the personal God B “That’s funny! These fellows in the middle of the plate have died.” Dr Alexander Fleming was talking to another doctor in a laboratory in London. He had been studying some germs(细菌)that he was growing on a plate. They were very dangerous germs because they caused different kinds of illnesses that could kill people. Dr Fleming found that a mould(霉菌)had floated in through the window landing on the plate. It had killed some of the germs it had touched. “This certainly looks promising.” Fleming said. “We must grow some of this mould to see if it will kill other germs.” He named the strange mould “penicillin”. It proved to be a killer of many germs. Fifty mice were given deadly germs and then half of them were injected(注射)with penicillin. The twenty-five untreated mice died, but twenty-four of those lived that had been treated with penicillin. Dr Fleming wrote a report about what he had found out. Hardly anybody took any notice of it. In 1938 Dr Howard Florey, an Australian working in London, read Dr Fleming’s report and was very interested. He found that penicillin was effective in treating blood poisoning in human beings.

When World War II broke out, it was not possible to make enough penicillin in England. Dr Florey went to America where he helped to have enormous amounts of this wonderful drug made. It saved the lives of thousands of soldiers, sailors and airmen who would have died from their wounds if the hospitals had not had penicillin. 60. Dr Alexander Fleming . A. had been studying a mould which was very dangerous and could kill people B. had been studying some of the germs on a plate which could cure illnesses C. had been making experiments on some germs that he was growing on a plate D. had been making experiments on different germs that could help sick people to get better 61. Some of the germs on the plate . A. had been killed by a mould floating in through the window B. had been killing one another, which was a surprise to Fleming C. had been killed by a mould that had been grown by Dr Alexander Fleming D. had been killed by a mould found by another doctor 62. The reason why the twenty-five mice died was that . A. they had been given deadly germs and had been injected with penicillin B. they were almost dead ahead of the experiment C. they were easy to die in the experiment D. they had been given deadly germs and had not been injected with penicillin 63. In 1938, an Australian working in London named Howard Florey read Dr Fleming’s report and ___________________ . A. left England for America, making the drug B. went to America to save the lives of thousands of soldiers, sailors and airmen C. found penicillin effective in treating blood poisoning in human beings D. went to America to make this drug for mice 64. The word “enormous” means . A. 剩余的 B. 恰当的 C. 少许的 D. 巨大的 C Louis Pasteur, the famous French chemist and bacteriologist, invented “pasteurization”. In 1854 Pasteur was made head of the department of science at the University of Lille, and it was there that he made one of his most famous discoveries. Lille was a major center for wine and beer-making, and some of the local wine-makers asked Pasteur if he could help solve the problem of keeping wine fresh. At that time, it was believed that food and drinks go “bad” due to a purely chemical process (变化过程). But during a series of experiments Pasteur proved that tiny living organisms (微生物) caused food and drinks to go bad. In the case of wine and beer the organisms are already present in the form of the various yeasts (酵母) that caused the fermentation (发酵) process. Pasteur discovered that heating the wine gently for a few minutes after it had fermented would kill off the yeast that was left in the wine, with the result that the wine would remain fresh for much longer. He also proved that food and drinks could be turned bad by other organisms that were present in the air, and that they too would keep fresh much longer if they were kept in airtight containers.

The heating process was so successful that it made Pasteur famous. It was named “pasteurization” in his honour, and by about 1900 it had been widely used for processing and bottling cows’ milk. The result was a huge drop in the number of bottle-fed babies dying from infant diarrhea (婴儿腹泻) and from that time on it has been a standard treatment for milk and many other food products. This simple process has saved thousands, possibly millions, of lives worldwide. 68. Pasteur became __________ in 1854. A. the chairperson of the science department at the University of Lille B. the director of a chemical laboratory at the University of Lille C. the general manager of a large beer-making company D. the president of the University of Lille 69. According to the passage, Lille was a major center for________ in the mid-19th century. A. growing grain crops B. making beer and wine C. doing chemical research D. producing various kinds of yeasts 70. In the last sentence of paragraph 1, the underlined word “they” refers to . A. wine and beer B. food and drinks C. the various yeasts D. other organisms 71. We can infer from the passage that Pasteur’s discovery . A. is no longer widely used for treating milk and other food produts B. did not bring much profit to the wine makers in Lille C. has done a lot of good to children in the world D. has greatly reduced the number of wars in the world 四.翻译下面的短文 The Importance of Keeping Optimistic Honourable judges, ladies and gentlemen, Good afternoon! Today I would like to talk about the importance of keeping optimistic. When we encounter difficulties in life, we notice that some of us choose to bury their heads in the sand. Unfortunately, however,this attitude will do you no good, because if you will have no courage。even to face them, how can you conquer them? Thus, be optimistic, ladies and gentlemen, as it can give you confidence and help you see yourself。through the hard times, just as Winston Churchill once said, “An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity.” Ladies and Gentlemen, keeping optimistic, you will be able to realize,in spite of some hardship, there’s always hope waiting for you, which will lead you to the ultimate success. Historically as well as currently, there are too many optimists of this kind to enumerate. You see, Thomas Edison is optimistic; if not, the light of hope in his heart could not illuminate the whole world. Alfred Nobel is optimistic; if not, the explosives and the prestigious Nobel Prize would not have come into being. And Lance Armstrong is also optimistic; if not, the devil of cancer would have devoured his life and the world would not see a 5-time winner of the Tour De France. A rose may be beautiful, or maybe not; that depends on your attitude only, and so does success, so does life. Hindrances and difficulties do exist, but if you are optimistic, then they are only episodes on your long way to the throne of success; they are more bridges than obstacles! Now I prefer to end my speech with the great British poet Shelley’s lines: “If winter comes, can spring be far behind?” Thank you!

五.书面表达 汤姆因在学校使用手机被老师没收,他感到很困惑,写信给你求助。请根据以下 结构提示给汤姆回信。开头结尾已给出。 Beginning: Your letter reached me yesterday.It said in your letter that…….. Paragraph 1: 手机的优点:联系便捷 Paragraph 2: 带手机上学存在的问题:干扰教学,有害学习和健康 Ending: It is right for school to prevent you from using cellphones in school. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________


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