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【原创精品课件】2014英语高考一轮复习:高频词汇精选-E(全国各版本通用)


2014英语高考高频词汇精选-E

1. earn v. ①[T]赚得,挣得 ②[T]获得,赢得 【练习】 完成句子 ①他每个月赚500美元。 He ___________________________ a month.

②他靠卖菜谋生。
He ________________________ by selling vege

tables. ③他因诚实获得了我们的敬重。 His honesty ___________________________ us.

【答案】

①earns 500 dollars
②earns his living

③earns respect from

2. effect n. [C/U]影响,效果,结果 【练习】完成句子/单项选择 ①老师的话对他有很大的作用。 The teacher's words _________________________ him. ②这药片对病人没有任何作用。

The pill ____________________________ the patient.
③Scientists are convinced ________ the positive effect of laughter ________ physical and mental health. A. of; at C. of; on B. by; in D. on; at

④The story, which ________ me, ________ my sister deeply. A. had no effect in; affected

B. had not an effect on; effected
C. had no effect on; affected D. had not an effect in; effected

【解析】
①have a great effect on ②has no effect on

③C be convinced of 相信……;the effect on sth. 对 于……的影响。
④C have no effect on sb./sth. 表示“对某人/某物没 有影响”;动词affect表示“影响”,相当于“have an effect on sb./sth.”;而effect作“影响”用时为名词, 不能作谓语。

3. effort n.[C/U]努力,尽力
【练习】完成句子

①他努力完成了他的工作。
He ___________________________ his work. ②要不遗余力防止类似事故再次发生。 No effort should _________________________ such an accident occurring again.

【答案】

①made an effort/efforts to finish
②be spared to prevent

4. embarrass v.[T]使尴尬,使窘迫,使为难 embarrass sb. with sth. 某事让某人感到尴尬/难堪/为 难 【练习】 完成句子/英译汉

①不要问隐私让他们感到尴尬。
Don't ________________________ personal questions.

②他对自己成绩差时常感到难为情。
He______________________________ his poor grades. ③I was too embarrassed to say anything. _____________________________________________

【答案】

①embarrass them with
②was often embarrassed about

③我窘得说不出话来。

5. employ v. ①[T](长期)雇用[同hire; take on] ②[T]使 用,利用[同make use of] n.[U] 雇用

【练习】完成句子
①他在一家银行任职。

He ___________________________ a bank.
②警方为了驱散群众,不得不使用武力。 The police had to _________________________ break

up the crowd.
③她正忙于浇花园。

She ___________________________ the garden.

【答案】

①is employed in
②employ force to

③is employed in watering

6. encourage v.[T]鼓励,激励[反discourage] 【练习】英译汉/单项选择 ①He encouraged me to make another attempt. _____________________________________________

②He discouraged me from making another attempt.
_____________________________________________ ③All the employees except the manager ________ to work online at home. A. encourages B. encourage

C. is encouraged

D. are encouraged

【解析】 ①他鼓励我再尝试一次。 ②他劝我不要再尝试了。 ③D 句意:除了经理,所有的员工都被鼓励在家 里上网进行工作。本题考查主谓一致和被动语态。 主语带except, as well as, together with, rather than, along with, including, in addition to等词组时,谓语不 受它们影响,仍由主语决定单复数。

7. end v.[I/T]结束,终止 n.[C]末尾,终点;结束 [同beginning; start]
【练习】完成句子 ①比赛打成了平局。 The match ____________________________ a tie. ②晚会以一首优美的歌曲告终。 The party _______________________ a beautiful song.

③他们终于结束了争论。

At last they ended their argument.
= At last they __________________________. ④会议开到傍晚才结束。 The meeting __________________ late in the afternoon.

【答案】

①ended in
②ended (up) with

③brought their argument to an end/put an end to their argument
④came to an end

【练习】 完成句子 ⑤我们打算这个月底去。

We ____________ to go _______________________.
⑥到上个月底为止,我们完成了这工作。 _____________________ last month, we ____the work. ⑦到这个月底,我们将完成这工作。 _________________________, we ________the work.

⑧他本来不想说这件事,后来还是说了。
He didn't want to say it, but he said it

_________________________________________.

【答案】

⑤are planning; at the end of the month
⑥By the end of; had finished

⑦By the end of this month; will have finished
⑧in the end

8. enter v. ①[I/T]进入 ②[I/T]入学,参加,加入 ③ (计算机)输入 【练习】完成句子/英译汉 ①据说他已报名参加这次比赛。 It is said that he has ______________________ the race.

②我看见他进了那栋大楼,但没有看见他出来。
I saw him ____________, but didn't see him come out. ③They entered into a discussion. _____________________________________________

④Enter your user name and password. _____________________________________________ ⑤上大学是我的梦想。

Entrance ___________________________ is my dream.
⑥她再次试图加入该俱乐部被拒绝了。 She was refused another try for her __________the club.

【答案】

①entered for
②enter the building

③他们开始讨论。
④输入你的用户名和密码。 ⑤into college ⑥entry/entrance into

9. entertain v. ①[I/T]使欢乐,使娱乐 ②[I/T]招待, 款待 【练习】完成句子/英译汉 ①他给我们说笑话,让我们高兴。

He ____________________________ his jokes.
②我们经常招待朋友吃饭。 We often entertain ____________________________. ③The next entertainment is a ballet. _____________________________________________

【答案】

①entertained us with
②our friends to dinner

③下个节目是芭蕾。

10. equal adj. ①(权利、机会)平等的,均等的 ②相 等的,同样的 ③能胜任的,能对付的 v.[T][equal(l)ing; equal(l)ed, equal(l)ed] ①等于 ②比 得上,敌得过 n.[C]同等的人或物 【练习】 完成句子/英译汉/单项选择 ①她认为她能胜任这个工作。 She feels ____________________________ the job.

②她的能力比得上他。
She is equal ________ him ________ ability. =She ____________________________ him in ability.

③She equalled the record with a time of 27.69 seconds.

_____________________________________________
④Increased population equals increased demand. _____________________________________________ ⑤你相信男女平等吗? Do you believe in________ men and women?

⑥They are of ________ height, but I think Mary ________ the task.
A. equally; is equal C. equal; equal B. equal; is equal to D. equally; is equalled

【解析】 ①equal to (doing)

②to; in; equals
③她以27.69秒的成绩平了该项记录。 ④人口的增加等同于需求的增加。 ⑤equality between

⑥B 句意:他们身高相同,但我认为玛丽胜任这 项任务。

11. equip v.[T]装备,配备 【练习】完成句子 ①他们花了很多钱为学校配备新电脑。

They spent a lot of money ________ the school ________ new computers. ②这些教室安装了摄像头。
The classrooms ____________________ video cameras.

③他具有丰富的教学经验。 He _________________________________ experience in teaching. ④旅行者为长途旅行准备行装。 much

The traveler _______________________ a long journey.

【答案】

①equipping; with
②are equipped with

③is equipped with
④equipped himself for

【练习】 用equip和furnish的适当形式填空 ⑤They ________ their room with new curtains.

⑥The soldiers were ________ with the latest weapons.

【答案】

⑤furnished
⑥equipped

12. escape v. ①[I]逃跑,逃离,逃脱 ②[T]避免,避 开 ③[T]被遗忘,被忽略 n.[C/U]逃跑,逃离,逃脱 【练习】完成句子/英译汉 ①他从监狱逃跑了。

He _________________________________ the prison.
②罪犯逃到乡下。 The criminals ____________________ the countryside.

③他逃避了惩罚。 He escaped punishment.

=He escaped ________________________________.
④His name escapes me. = His name escapes my memory. _____________________________________________

【答案】

①escaped from
②escaped to

③being punished
④我记不得他的名字了。

13. even though/even if 即使,尽管(引导让步状语从 句) 【练习】完成句子 ①即使他知道这个秘密,也不会说出来。

Even if _____________________________, he'll not let out the secret.
②即使受到邀请我也不会参加他的宴会。 I won't attend his party even though _____________.

【答案】 ①he knows it

②(I'm) invited to

14. evidence n. ①[U]证据,证明 【练习】完成句子 ①没有确凿的证据证明外星人劫持了他。

There is really no ___________________ aliens took him.
②有些迹象表明经济正在好转。 ________________________ the economy is improving. ③显然,他不能胜任那个工作。 __________________________ he is not equal to the job.

【答案】

①hard evidence that
②Some evidence shows (that)

③It is evident that

15. example n. ①[C]例子,实例[同instance] ②[C]榜 样,模范[同model] 【练习】完成句子 ①为了说明问题,我们举游泳为例。

To illustrate this, we ________________________.
②她的勤奋为我们树立了榜样。 Her diligence has ____________________________.

【答案】

①take swimming for example
②set us an example

【练习】 用 for example, such as 填空 ③I like drinks ________ tea and coffee. ④I have many hobbies, ________, fishing. ⑤You can buy fruit here — oranges and bananas, ________.

【答案】

③such as
④for example

⑤for example

16. experience n. ①[U]经验 ②[C]经历 v.[T]经历[同 go through] 【练习】 完成句子/单项选择

①我认为我从未体验过真正的难处。
I ________ think I've ever ________ real sorrow. ②他教学经验丰富。 He is a teacher with much experience.

= He has ___________________________.
=He ____________________________ teaching.

③He got through ________, which contributed to her ________ in his job. A. much experience; experiences B. many experiences; experience

C. much experience; experience
D. many experiences; experiences

【解析】

①don‘t; experienced ②much experience in teaching; is experienced in
③B 句意:他阅历丰富,这为他的工作提供了经 验。

17. explain v.[I/T]解释,说明

【练习】完成句子/改错
①老师给我们解释了这道难题。 The teacher ____________________________. ②请向我说明从哪里开始以及怎样做。 Please explain ______________________ and how to do it. ③[改错]He explained us how the machine was used. _____________________________________________

【答案】

①explained this problem to us
②to me where to begin

③在us前加to。


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