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2015年最新高考要掌握的所有“介词”和“介词短语”上


—— 45 个基本介词的用法一

高考要掌握的所有“介词”和“介词短语”上 1、about 【原始含义】 a-b-out “A 在 B 外面” 【引申含义】 [prep] (1)在…到处,在…各处 here and there eg: We wandered about the town for an hour or so. He looked about t

he room. (2)在…附近 next to a place eg. She lives about the office. (3)关于 in connection with eg: a book about English study I don’t know what you are talking about. [adv] (1)大约 close to eg: We left there about 10 o’clock. It costs about 500 dollars. (2)到处,各处 eg: The children were rushing about in the garden. (3)在附近 eg : There is no food about. 【常见搭配】 作介词时的搭配: 一.动词+(about+ 名词) (1)arrange (about sth) (2)argue (about sth) (3)ask (about sth) (4)boast (about sb/sth) (5)care (about sb/sth) 安排关于某事 讨论某事 询问关于某事 吹嘘... 关心…,对…感兴趣

(6)chat (about sth) (7)complain (about sb/sth) (8)dream (about sb/sth) (9)go (about sth) (10)hear (about sth) (11)know (about sth) (12)learn (about sth) (13)put (about sth) (14)quarrel (about sth) (15)see (about sth) (16)talk (about sth) (17)think (about sth) (18)warn sb (about sth) (19)wonder (about sb/sth) (20)worry (about sb/sth) 二、名词+(about+ 名词) (1)concern (about sb/sth) (2)curiosity (about sb/sth) (3)doubt (about sb/sth) (4)ethusiasm (about sth) (5)information (about sb/sth) (6)remark (about sth) (7)opinion (about sth) (8)view (about sb/sth) 三、be+adj+(about+ 名词) (1)be angry (about sth) (2)be anxious (about sth) (3)be careful (about sth) (4)be cautious (about sth) (5)be certain (about sth) (6)be curious (about sth) (7)be disappointed (about sth) (8)be excited (about sth) (9)be glad/happy (about sth)

谈论某事 抱怨… 梦见某人/某物 着手做...;从事 ... 听说... 了解... 得知某事 散布(谣言等) 为...争吵 负责处理... 谈论... 考虑.. 告诫某人关于某事 对.. 好奇 对...担心

对…的关心/关怀 对…的好奇 对…的怀疑 对…的热情 关于…的信息 对…的评论 对…的意见 对...的观点

为…而生气 为…忧虑 当心… 谨防...;对...持谨慎态度 确信关于某事 对…感到好奇 对…感到失望 对…感到兴奋 对…感到高兴

(10)be hopeful (about sth) (11)be crazy/mad/wild (about sth) 对…痴狂;酷爱某事 (12)be nervous (about sth) 为…感到不安/因...感到紧张 (13)be optimistic/positive (about sth) 对...是积极乐观的 (14)be particular (about sb/sth) (15)be sad (about sth) (16)be serious (about sth) (17)be sorry (about sth) 作副词时的搭配: 名词+动词+about (1)sth come about (2)sth get about (3)sb turn about (4)sb wander about (5)sb walk about 2、above 【原始含义】 a-b-over “A 在 B 上方” 【引申含义】prep. 某事发生 对...抱歉

对…抱有希望

对... 讲究,挑剔 为…而难过 对…认真

某事(尤指消息等)传开 某人转身 某人徘徊,游荡 某人走来走去

(1)在…上方 at or to a higher place than sth/sb eg: The sun rose above the horizon. (2)数目大于…/重量超过…/价格(能力、地位)高于… more than sth.; greater in number, level or age than sb./sth. eg: There is nothing in the store above 50 cents. (3) 重要性或质量超过、胜过 of greater importance or of higher quality than sb/sth eg. I rate her above most other players of her age. (4)声音超过… louder or clearer than another sound eg: I couldn ’t hear her above the noise of the traffic. (5)不至于,不屑于做某事 too good or too honest to do sth

【常见搭配】 一、动词+(above+ 名词) (1)live ( above one’s income) (2)put A (above B) (3)rise (above sth) (4)talk (above one’s head) 二、be+(above+ 名词 ) (1)be (above oneself ) 兴高采烈= be in one’s high spirit (2)be (above one’s head) 难以理解/超出某人理解能力 3、across 【原始含义】 a-grass “一片草坪”,across 指在平面上经过,就像人走过一片草坪那样。 【引申含义】prep. (1)穿过 from one side to the other side eg: She walked across the road. (2)在...对面 on the other side of sth. eg: The bar is just across the street. (3)交叉 cross eg: He sat with his arms across his chest. (4)在...各处,遍及 ... everywhere eg. The opinion is common across the university. 【常见搭配】 动词+(across+ 名词) (1)A come (across B) A 偶遇 B (2)A cut (across B) (3)A go (across B) (4)A put (across B) (5)A run (across B) 4、after 【原始含义】 A 走 B 捷径;A 打断 B A 穿过 B A 解释清楚 B;A 把 B 送到对岸 A 横穿 B;A 偶然碰到 B 入不敷出地生活 把 A 看得比 B 更重要 克服...,不受....的影响 高深莫测地谈论

“A 在 B 之后(强调顺序)” 【引申含义】 [prep] (1)在…之后 (时间顺序、空间顺序) later than sth; following sth in time eg: After dinner, they went out for a walk. (2)在…后面,仅次于(按重要性)next to the following eg. Your name comes after mine in the list. (3)与…对照、对比 in contrast to sth eg. It was cool after the heat outside. (4)照着…的样子 following the example of sb/sth eg: Read the sentence after me, please. [adv] 后来、以后 later in time, afterwords eg:Soon after, she came back to her hometown. The prince and princess lived happily ever after. 【常见搭配】 作介词时的搭配 一、 名词+动词+(after+ 名词) A 追赶/追求 B A 追逐 B. A 照顾 B. A 以 B 为榜样、原型;A 效仿 B A 用 B 作名字. A 追求/追赶/追逐 B. A 研究 B. A 照顾 B A 寻找 B. A 与 B 相像. (1)A chase (after B) (2)A go (after B) (3)A look (after B) (4)A model (after B) (5)A name (after B) (6)A run (after B) (7)A search (after B) (8)A see (after B) (9)A seek (after B) (10)A take (after B) 二、(after+ 名词) (1)(after a while) (2)(after all) (3)(after one’s own heart) 过了一会,不久 毕竟;终究 正合...的心意;

5、against 【原始含义】

a-g-a“相对” 【引申含义】 [prep] (1)碰着、靠着 touching, close to or hitting sb/sth eg: She was leaning against a tree. (2)反对 opposing or disagreeing with sb./sth eg: We should fight against crimes. (3)预防 in order to prevent sth from happening eg: Save money against a rainy day. 未雨绸缪 (4)违反(违反法律、制度) eg: It is against the law to hunt tigers. (5)不利于 not to the advantage or favor of sb./sth eg: What he said is against him. (6)映衬 with sth in the background as a contrast Eg. The red flag stood out clearly against the blue sky. (7)和…相比 in contrast to sth eg. You must weigh the benefits against the cost. 【常见搭配】 一、动词+(against+ 名词) (1) act (against sth) (2) argue (against sth) (3) compete (against sb) 考虑后不做某事/声明反对某事 (5) declare (against sb/sth) (6) fight (against sth) (7) go (against sth) (8) inform (against sb) (9) lean (against sth) (10)offend (against sth) (11)press (against sth) (12)protect (against sth) (13)prepare (against sth) (14)strike (against sth) (15)struggle (against sb/sth) (16)turn (against sth) (17)vote (against sth) (18)warn sb (against sth) 二、be+adj+(against+ 名词) (1)be prejudiced (against sb/sth) 对... 持有偏见 表态反对... 反对…;与...做斗争 违反… 告发、检举某人 靠着某物/斜靠某物 违犯… 压在…上 保护免受…的伤害 防备… 罢工抗议... 与...搏斗/反抗 背叛… 投票反对… 提醒某人提防某事 违反... 为...而争辩/据理反对 与某人比赛/竞争/对抗

(4) decide (against sth/doing sth)

(2)be proof (against sth) (3)be set (against sth) 6、around 【原始含义】

可防止…的 坚决反对...

a+round“A 在一个圆里面(在一定范围内)” 【引申含义】 [prep] (1)在…周围,围绕 surrounding sb/sth eg: There are many bars around the town. (2)在附近,到处 in or to many places eg: I showed him around our campus. [adv] (1)大约 approximately eg: There are around 1000 people watching the game. (2)在周围 eg : How can you make the wheel go around? (3)在附近、到处 eg: I ran around to find him. 【常见搭配】 作介词时 一、动词+(around+ 名词) (1)center (around sth) (2)look (around sth) (3)wrap (around sth) 二、around +名词 (1)(around the corner) (2)(around the clock) 作副词时 名词+动词+around (1)sb gaze around 某人向四周看,环视 (2)sth get around 某事(尤指消息、谣言等)走动、流传 (3)sb/sth turn around 某人或某物转身 7、at 【原始含义】 “在场所,时间上的一点” ...靠近、临近、快来了; 日夜不停地;夜以继日地 以...为中心 ,集中于... 环顾...;游览 ...; 缠绕住...;环绕...;

【引申含义】prep. (1)小地点,或小时间点 used to say where sb/sth is or when sth happens eg: Usually, he is (at his office) (in the morning). She went to school (at 8 o’clock) (in the morning). (2)在几岁时 the age (at which sb does sth) eg: She was married (at 23). (3)向,朝某人或某物 in the direction towards sb/sth eg: Don’t point at me. knock at the door, shoot at the tiger, aim at the enemy (4)从相隔…远的地方 the distance away from sth eg: Can you read that poster (at fifty miles)? You ’d better keep him (at a distance). (5) 处于某种状态 the situation sb/sth is in eg: Mr. Smith is (at lunch). The country is (at war). Bill was (at his best) in college. (at one’s best: 某人的辉煌时期) (6) 在某方面 in terms of… eg: I am not good (at football). (7) 表示引发某种情绪或动作的原因 to show the cause of sth eg: He showed no sign of pleasure (at seeing her). I was delighted (at the result)+. 【常见搭配】 一、动词+(at+名词) (1)aim (at sth) (2)arrive (at sth) (3)blush (at sth) (4)come (at sb/sth) (5)fire (at sth) (6)gaze (at sb/sth) (7)get (at sth ) (9)glare (at sb/sth) (11)knock (at sth) (12)laugh (at sb) (13)look (at sb/sth) (14)point (at sb/sth) (8)glance (at sb/sth) 以…为目标;瞄准…;针对…; 到达某地或某种程度 对...感到脸红; 攻击某人;发现某事 向...开火 凝视, 注视... 到达, 接近...;着手...;暗指 ...;意知 ...; 一瞥,扫视... 对...怒目而视 敲… 嘲笑某人 看… 指向/ 瞄准 / 针对…

(10)grab/grasp (at sb/sth) 抓住...

(15)run (at sb/sth) (16)shoot (at sth) (17)shout (at sb) (18)smile (at sb) (19)target (at sb/sth) (20)wonder (at sth) (21)yell (at sb) 二、(at+名词)

向某人冲去; 达到某种水平 朝…射击 朝某人喊叫 向某人微笑 瞄准…,以…为目标 对…好奇/对…感到吃惊 对某人大喊大叫 在几岁 以...为代价 在...的结尾 应某人的请求 冒着....的风险 一看见.... 以...的速度 一想到... 出生时 其实,实际上 听候...的差遣 在拐角处 在黎明, 在拂晓 减价、折扣 最初,开始时 在手边,即将发生 在家/国内 自由,逍遥法外 详细地 最后,终于 至少,起码 有空,闲暇时 现在,眼下... 不惜任何代价,无论如何 过去,曾经,一度 同时 在工作 对...生气 在...方面有能力 对...感到非常高兴

(1)(at the age) (of some number) (3)(at the cost/expense)(of sth) (4)(at the end) (of sth) (5)(at the request) (of sb) (6)(at the risk) (of sth/doing sth) (7)(at the sight)(of sb/sth) (8)(at a speed)(of some number) (9)(at the thought)(of sb/sth) (10)(at birth) (11)(at bottom) (12)(at one’s command) (13)(at the corner) (14)(at dawn/daybreak) (15)(at a discount) (16)(at first) (17)(at hand) (18)(at home) (19)(at large) (20)(at length) (21)(at last) (22)(at least) (23)(at leisure) (24)(at the moment) (25)(at any price) (26)(at one time) (27)(at the same time) (28)(at work) 三、be+adj+(at+ 名词) (1)be angry (at sb/sth) (2)be competent (at sth) (3)be delighted (at sth)

(2)(at an altitude) (of some number) 在某个高度

(4)be disappointed (at sb/sth) 对...感到失望

(5)be dissatisfied (at sb/sth) (7)be skilled (at sth/doing sth) (8)be gifted (at sth/doing sth) (9)be good (at sth/doing sth) 对...感到绝望;对 ...一筹莫展 (11)be mad (at sb/sth) (12)be surprised (at sb/sth) (14)be weak (at sth/doing sth) 8、before 【原始含义】

对...不满意 在...方面有技能,熟练 在...有天赋 擅长...

(6)be expert (at sth/doing sth) 专长,擅长于,精通

(10)be hopeless (at sth/doing sth) 对..愤怒 对...感到吃惊 在...方面欠缺,差

(13)be terrfied (at sth/doing sth) 被... 惊吓

be+fore“在…之前“(时间、空间、顺序)” 【引申含义】prep. (1)时间上 earlier in time eg: Please come back (before 10:00pm). (2)空间上 earlier in position eg: Don’t put the cart (before the horse). (3)顺序上 earlier in order or arrangement eg: Health should come (before wealth). (4) 当(某人)面 in the presence of sb eg : She charged him of murder (before the jury). 【常见搭配】: 一、动词+(before+ 名词) (1)A come (before B) (2)complain (before sb) (3)go (before sb) (4)put/set A (before B) (5)stand (before sb/sth) 二、(before +名词) (1)(before day) (2)(before long) (3)(before one's eyes) (4)(before time) (5)(before the wind) (6)(before the world) 9、behind 【原始含义】 破晓之前 不久以后 当着某人的面 提前 顺风 在众人面前 A 在 B 之上,比 B 更重要 在某人面前控诉 出现在某人面前 把 A 看的比 B 重要 站立在…前面

be + hide [prep]

“在…之后”

【引申含义】 (1)空间上,在…后面 at the back of sb/sth eg: A dog is running (behind us). A dog is running (after us). (2)是产生…的原因 responsible for stating or developing sth eg: There must be someone (behind it). What’s (behind that happy smile)? (3)时间上,在之后 sth is in the past eg: New York is 12 hours (behind Beijing) (in time). (4)能力上,在之后 making less progress than sb./sth eg: He’s (behind the rest of others) (in reading). (5)支持,赞成 giving approval of sth eg : My mother is always (behind me) (whatever decision I make). [adv] 在后面,在远处 eg: She rode (along the street) (with her dog) (running behind). 作介词时: 一、动词+(behind+名词) (1)fall/ lag (behind sb/sth) (2)go (behind sth) They will go behind the decision. 二、(behind +名词) (1)(behind bars) (2)(behind sb’s back) (3)(behind the schedule/time) (4)(behind the times) 作副词时: (1)sb stay/ remain behind 某人(在他人走后)逗留,留下 (2)sb wait behind 10、beside 【原始含义】 某人(在别人走后)留下 (3)leave sth/sb behind 忘带,留下某物;超越某人 在狱中 在背后 晚点、推迟 过时、落伍 落在…后面 进一步斟酌…

be+side “在…边上” 【引申含义】prep. (1)在...旁边 next to…; by the side of… eg: a town (beside the sea) She sat (beside the teacher). (2)与...相比 compared with eg: My work is so poor (beside yours). 【常见搭配】 (beside+名词) (1)(beside oneself) (2)(beside the point) 11、besides 【原始含义】 beside+s“除…外,还有…”in addition to sb/sth [prep] eg: There were two other students (in the classroom) (besides Tom). 【常见搭配】 besides+ 名词/动名词 eg: We have a lot (in common) (besides music) . (Besides working) (as a doctor), he also writes a lot of stories. 12、between 【原始含义】 be-two-in“在两者之间” 【引申含义】 prep. (1) 空间、时间、顺序、等级上,在两者之间 in the middle of two things in terms of space, time, order, class etc. eg: (Between two strange buildings) stands a tree. His age is (between sixty and seventy). (2)表示两者之间的某种关系 to show a connection or relationship eg: He has to decide (between life and death). There is a great difference (between the two articles). You should learn between lines(字里行间). (3)合用、共享 shared by two or more people or things eg: This is a secret (between you and me). (仅在我们俩之间). We drank a bottle of wine (between us). 【常见搭配】 一、动词+(between+ 名词) 高兴的不得了 离题,不中肯;与…无关

(1)draw a clear dividing line ( between sth) (2)make a difference (between sb/sth) (3)read (between lines) 之意 (4)stand (between sth/sb) 二、名词+(between+ 名词) (1)balance (between A and B) A 和 B 的均衡 We should always consider the balance (between cost and benefit). (2)connection (between sth/sb) 或某物之间的联系 13、beyond 【原始含义】 be+yond “(在彼处)“在…之外” 【引申含义】:prep. (1) 在…较远的一边 on the further side of sth eg: The village is beyond the mountain. (2) 时间上晚于… later than a particular time eg: It won ’t go on (beyond midnight). (3) 超出某人的能力范围,非…所及 far too advanced for sb eg: The bag is (beyond my reach). (4) 表示…是不可能的 to say that sth is impossible eg: The bicycle is (beyond repair). 【常见搭配】 一、(beyond+ 名词) (1)(beyond one’s ability/strength/power) 能力 (2)(beyond belief) (3)(beyond comparison) (4)(beyond cure) (5)(beyond control) (6)(beyond doubt/suspicion) 难以置信 无法比喻 无可救药 无法控制 不容置疑

明显区分… 区别对待… 读出字里行间的言外 阻碍…

某人

超越某人的

(7)(beyond one’s wildest dreams) 做梦也想不到

(8)(beyond one’s endurance) (9)(beyond expression) (10)(beyond imagination) (11)(beyond measure) (12)(beyond praise) (13)(beyond price) (14)(beyond one’s reach) (15)(beyond reason) (16)(beyond recognition) (17)(beyond repair) (18)(beyond the seas) (19)(beyond understanding) (20)(beyond words) She is very beautiful. She is elegant. Her beauty is beyond words. (21)(beyond sb) 二、动词+(beyond+ 名词) (1)go (beyond sth) (3)see (beyond sth) 14、by 【原始含义】 “在旁边” 【引申含义】 prep. (1)在…旁边 at the side of

无法忍受 无法表达 超出想象 无法估量 赞美不完,称赞不绝 极其珍贵,无价的 在某人够不着的地方 不合理 难以认出 无法修复 到海外 难以理解 无法形容

为某人所不能理解

超出..., 超过... 预料...;预见 ...

eg: We prefer a table (by the window). (2)不迟于,在…之前 before eg: We have studied several prepositions (by now). I shall have finished the work (by the time you return). (3)表示方式 in which way sth is done eg: I go to school (by bus). (4)通过…;根据… according to sth eg: He can tell the direction (by the stars). Don’t judge a person (by his looks). (5)按…计算 the degree or amount of sth eg: Eggs are usually sold (by dozen ). The temperature has risen (by 5 degrees). (6)由于… as a result of …

eg: They met (by chance). I did it (by mistake). (7)被… used eg: He was shocked (by what he had seen). (8) 表示触及或抓住人物的部分 used to show the part of sb that another person catches eg: I seized her (by the hair). (9) 表示逐步推进; the rate sth happens eg: He is making progress (day by day). (10) 以…的名义 in the name of eg: I swear (by Almighty God) (that I will never betray my country). adv. (1) 经过 past eg: Time goes by quickly. He hurried by (without speaking to me). (2) 短暂拜访 eg: Please drop by (when it is convenient) (for you). 【常见搭配】 作介词时: 一、by+名词 (1) (by accident/chance) (2) (by coincidence) (3) (by all means) (4) (by means)(of sb/sth) (5) (by no means) (6) (by appearance) (7) (by comparison) (8) (by contrast) (9) (by definition) (10)(by hand) (11)(by heart) (12)(by mistake) (13)(by nature) (14)(by turns) (15)(by the way) 二.动词+(by+名词) (1)come (by sth) (2)go (by sth) ( 尤指通过努力)获得…; 偶然得到… 顺便走访… 偶然地 巧合地 想尽一切办法、一定要 借助于… 绝不,一点儿也不 从外表 相比之下 对比之下 根据定义,实质上 人工地 靠记忆,背诵 错误地 天性上,本质上 轮流地 顺便说一下

(3)judge sb/sth (by sth)通过…判断,断定某物或某人 (4)live (by sth) (5)pass (by sth) (6)profit (by sth) (8)take sb (by sth) (9)tell (by sth) 以...为生计;遵守,遵循… 经过…;不考虑,回避… 从…中获益 抓住某人的某个部位 根据…判断,推断

(7)swear (by sb/sth) 极其信赖某人;对某物发誓

三、be+过去分词+(by+名词) (1)be characterized (by sth) (2)be disgusted (by sth) (3)be distracted (by sb/sth) (4)be replaced (by sb/sth) 四、 名词+by+名词 (1)bit by bit (2)day by day (3)inch by inch (4)little by little (5)one by one (6)side by side (7)step by step (8)year by year 作副词时: 名词+动词+by (1)sb drop by (2)sb get by (3)sb stand by (4)sb stop by 15、despite 【原始含义】 “尽管、不顾” = in spite of eg: The old professor kept on working (despite his poor health ). 【常见搭配】 prep. (1)despite sth/doing sth 尽管某事,尽管做了某事 eg : He failed (in the exam) (despite all the efforts). (Despite applying for hundreds of jobs), he is still out of work. (2)despite the fact that+句子 尽管事实是… 某人顺便访问 某人勉强接受;设法勉强生存 某人袖手旁观 (顺便)过访,串门 一点一点地,逐渐地 一天一天地,逐日 一点一点地 逐渐 一个接一个 并肩 按部就班地 年年,逐年 以…为特征 对…厌恶 精力被…分散 被…取代

eg. She kept learning French despite the fact that she found it difficult (3)despite oneself 16、down 【原始含义】 “向下” 【引申含义】 [prep] (1)表示自上而下,向下,往下 from top to bottom eg: In order to catch the bus they run (down the hill). Tears run down her face quietly. (2)沿着河、沿着路 along eg: He walked down the road. We sailed down the river. [adv] (1) 向下,朝下 to or at a lower place eg: He looked down (at her). (2) (数量、力量等)减弱,降低 to show that the amount or strength of sth is lower eg: He finally settle down (in Florida). (3) 向南方,在南方 to or in the south of a country eg: They flew down (to Texas). (4) (写)在纸上;(列)在表格上 on paper, on a list Eg: Have you got me down (for the trip)? 【常见搭配】 作副词时: 一、动词+(名词)+down (1)blow sth down (2)break sth down (3)burn sth down (4)close sth down (5)cut sth down (6)hold sth down (7)keep sth/sb down (8)knock sb/sth down (9)mark sth down (10)narrow sth down (11)note sth down (12)pass sth down (13)settle sb down 刮倒,吹倒... 摧毁;克服.... 烧毁... 关闭... 砍伐...;缩减 ... 阻止,控制.... 控制;压迫... 撞击,撞倒... 记录,写下... 缩小... 记录,写下... 传递... 使...平静/安静下来 尽管不愿意 eg. He had to laugh despite himself.

(14)let sb down (15)turn sth down (16)write sth down 二、名词+动词+down (1)sth break down (2)sb calm down (3)sth come down (4)sth cool down (5)sth/sb fall down (6)sth go down (7)sb kneel down (8)sb look down (9)sb look down (on sb/sth) (10)sth pour down (11)sb/sth slow down 17、during 拒绝... 记下...

让某人失望

某物坏了 某人冷静下来 某物掉下来,下跌 某物冷却 某物坍塌;某人失败 某物落下,沉下 某人跪下 某人向下看 某人瞧不起... (雨水等)倾泻 ...减速

【原始含义】“在…期间” all through a period of time eg: Not a word did they say (during the meal). I haven’t had any meat (during the last several years). I saw Linda (during the meeting). 18、except 【原始含义】 ex-cept“拿出来”,take out, 除…以外 eg: Everyone was here except Tom. 【注 意】besides 表示“加”,except 表示“减” 【常见搭配】 (1)except for sth (2)except (that+句子) (3)nothing (except sth) 19、for 【原始含义】 “特定的某一方面” 因为 为了 过多久 【引申含义】prep (1)表示某一特定目的 meant to be given to... eg: I bought a gift for you. He planned to write some stories for children. You have won honor for our country. Many people come here for the beautiful scenery every year. 除……之外 ; 除去… 除了… 只有…

The government provides water and food for the poverty-stricken areas. (2)表示某一特定方向(车、船等);往,向,朝着... eg: She has left (for London ). The bus is for Shanghai. Passengers (for Tianjin ) change at Beijing. (3)表示某物特定的价值、数量 the price of... eg: I paid 5 dollars (for that book). He rent the house (to me) (for 3000 yuan per month). (4)在某一特定方面,当做,作为 as eg: I will keep it (for a souvenir). Most of the museums have been used (for offices). Don ’t take others’ kindness (for granted). A take B for granted. (5)表示特定的原因:因为,由于... Because of ... eg: Bejing is famous (for its long history). I was grateful (to you) (for what you had done). He was criticized (for the careless attitude). Forgive me (for keeping you waiting) (for a long time). (6)表示在某一特定方面或出于某种特定原因的赞成、支持 of ... eg: I vote (for Mr. Li). Our manager is (for cutting down production cost). (7)表示特定时间或距离 certain length of time or distance eg: We have learned English (for six years). I haven ’t seen you (for ages). That afternoon we walked (for miles) (along the river). (8)在某一特定方面的影响,对于... in regard to .... eg: She has a good taste (for music). He has a natural gift (for drawing). Dickens shows great sympathy (for the poor) (in his novels). It’s good (for you) (to do exercise regularly). (9)就...而言,考虑到 ... considering eg: She is small (for her age). His maturity seems unsuitable (for a boy of sixteen). It’s quite fine weather (for spring). 【常见搭配】 一、动词+(for+名词) (1)answer (for sth) (2)appeal (for sb) 为...负责 出庭为...辩护 in support towards...

(3)argue (for sth) (4)ask (for sth) (5)charge (for sth/doing sth) (6)compete (for sth) (7)account (for sth) (8)allow (for sth) (9)call (for sb/sth) (10)care ( for sb/sth) (11)dig (for sth) (12)enter ( for sth) (13)go (for sb/sth) (14)head (for some place) 朝某地前进 (15)leave (for some place) 出发前往某地 (16)hope (for sth) (17)long (for sth) (18)look (for sth/sb) (19)hunt (for sth) (20)search (for sb/sth) (21)pay (for sth) (22)prepare (for sth) (23)send (for sb) (24)sign (for sth) (25)stand (for sth/sb) (26)strive/struggle(for sth) (27)study (for sth) (28)vote (for sb) (29)wait (for sb/sth) (30)have an ear/eye( for sth)对...有鉴赏力 (31)pave the way (for sth) 二、be+ 形容词+(for+ 名词) (1)be ambitious (for sth) (2)be anxious (for sb/sth) 对....适合的 (4)be celebrated/famous/noted (for sth) 因...而著名的 (5)be competent/qualified (for sth/doing sth) 对...能够胜任的 (6)be desperate (for sth) 为...而奋斗

为...争辩 请求要… 为...要价,收费 为...竞争 解释,说明... 考虑到... 去接某人;需要某物 喜欢,想要... 寻求… 报名参加... 进攻某人;喜欢,想要某物

期待,希望.... 渴望... 寻找... 追寻,猎取 搜寻... 为...付款,为 ...付出代价 为...准备 派人去请... 签收... 代表,象征....;容忍 攻读... 为...投票 等待... 为...铺平道路,扫除障碍

对...雄心壮志的 对...焦虑的,急切的

(3)be appropriate/suitable/fit (for sb/sth)

急需要...的

(7)be eager/hungry/thirsty (for sth)渴望...的

(8)be good (for sb/sth) (9)be intended (for sth) (10)be prepared/ready (for sth) (11)be responsible (for sth) (12)be sorry (for sb/sth) (13)be sufficient (for sb/sth) (14)be praised (for sth) (15)be blamed/criticized (for sth) (16)be convenient (for sb) (17)be possible (for sb) (18)be grateful (for sth) 三、名词+(for+名词) (1)affection (for sb/sth) (2)appeal (for sth) (3)appetite (for sth) (4)candidate (for sth) (6)cause (for sth) 四、for+名词 (1)(for the moment/present) (2)(for my part) (3)(for pleasure/fun) (4)(for sale) (5)(for example / instance) (6)(for the sake) (of sth)

对...有益 为...而计划的,设计的 对...准备好的 对...负责 对...感到惋惜的 对...是足够的 因...而受表扬 因...而受责备 对...是方便的 对...是可能的 对...感激

对...的喜爱 对...的呼吁 对...的欲望 ...的候选人 ...的原因

(5)capacity/capability (for sth/doing sth) 做...的能力

暂时,现在 就我而言 为了消遣 出售 例如 为了...起见;为了…的利益

(7)(for fear) (of sth) / (for fear) (that+句子) 以免,唯恐 Please take the umbrella (for fear) (of rain). (8)For one thing,... For another, ... 一方面,... 另一方面,....(用来举例)


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