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英语:必修1


unit3
Language points

prefer vt更喜欢;选择某事物 prefer过去式,过去分词为preferred, 现在分词为preferring to do/doing sth 更喜欢做某事

prefer

(doing)sth .to (doing)sth 与 (做)......相比更喜欢做.....
to do sth.rather than do sth 宁愿做.....而不愿做...... sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事

1.At the moment ,he_prefer not to_____think about the future. 此刻他不想考虑未来。

2.He __prefer to die ______rather than give in to the enemy. 他宁死也不屈从于敌人。

disadvantage n.不利之处;不便之处
?at a disadvantage 处于不利地位

? put sb at a disadvantage 使某人处于不利地位 ?advantage n. 有利条件;优势;优点好处

?take advantage of 利用......

1.she was__at a disadvantage______compared to the young graduates. 和那些年轻的毕业生相比他处于不利地位。

I should ___take advantage of ____this chance to express my thanks for your help. 我需要抓住这次机会去表达我对你们的谢意

Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. ever since ,从那以后;+现在完成时 (have done) . dream n. v.
dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt of/about sth. (vi.) dream a…dream that… (vt.) (vt.)

sb. to be … (vt.)

1) 他梦想着有一天为自己工作, 没有老板. He dreams of / about working for himself and not having a boss one day. = He dreams that one day he will work for himself and not have a boss. 2) 我做梦也没想到他是个撒谎的人. I never dreamed him to be a liar.

2. Then she persuade me to buy one.
然后她动员我也买了一辆.

persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服
sb. sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 sb. that clause sb. (not) to do sth. sb. into / out of doing sth.

persuade

Bear them in your mind!

注意
如果“劝说”不服, 不能直接用persuade,

而应用try to persuade或advise, 或者用
persuade的否定式。 e.g. Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so.

实例 1. I __ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested 2. I was able at last to ____ my mother to follow my advice. A. suggest B. advise C. persuade D. leave off

3. While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ____ into buying something they don’t really need. A. to persuade C. being persuaded B. persuading D. be persuaded

graduate vi毕业 n.大学毕业生 graduate
graduate from... 毕业于..... graduate in.... 毕业于.....专业 graduation n. 毕业,毕业典礼

It is three years since he ___graduated from_____Wuhan university. 他从武汉大学毕业已经三年了。 she _______graduated in law__and became a lawer two years later. 她毕业于法律专业,两年后成了一名律师。 He has been working in the countryside after his__graduation___ from university.

3. Finally/at last/in the end finally 一般指一系列事物或论点的顺序 的最后项内容,或用在动词前,表示“等了 好久……才”,没有感情色彩. at last只能 指时间位置,不能指时间顺序,在意思上是 指经过周折、等待、耽搁到”最后、终 于”(出现所期待的结果),常常带有较浓厚 的感情色彩. in the end可与at last和 finally通用.但若出现了非期待中的结果, 用in the end, 还可以用于预卜未来。

1) They talked about it for hours.

Finally they decided not to go. _______
2)The children arrived home

at last/in the end _________________after the storm. in the end 3) My dream will come true_________.
4) The war lasted four years before the

in the end/ at last North won _______________.
the end 5) Your idea will turn out right in _________. Finally 6) ______, I want to thank you for helping
me.

stubborn 1) He is too stubborn to apologize. 倔强的,固执的 2) You’ll have to push hard, that door 难以移动的 is a bit stubborn. 3) The old man has got a stubborn cough
that has lasted for weeks. 难以治愈的 (as) stubborn as a mule

My sister doesn’t care about details.

我姐姐是不会考虑细节的。
care about: be worried about 忧虑,关心 e.g. 他并不关心我的事情。 He doesn’t care much about what happens to me.

care for sb/sth: look after, love or like 希望, 喜欢, 照顾 1) Would you care for a drink? 2) He cares for her deeply. 3) Who will care for your child if you are out?

2) determine +从句 e.g. She determined that she would never see him again. 3) determine +疑问词+ to do e.g. Have you determined where to spend the holiday next week?

determined adj. 坚决的, 有决心的

8. She gave me a determined look –the kind that she wouldn’t change her mind.她坚定地看了我一眼----这眼神表 明她不会改变主意。 determine v. 决定, 下定决心, 确定 1) determine to do sth. e.g. He determined to learn French.

be determined to do sth. 决心做 e.g. She was determined to go to university. change one’s mind 改变某人的主意 e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t change my mind.

make up one’s mind 下定决心
read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 give/ put one’s mind 专心于 keep…in mind 记住

Bear them in your mind!

Finally, I had to give in. 最后, 我只好让步。 give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 e.g. He had to give in to my views. It’s time you gave in your papers.

give up 放弃, 认输 give out 筋疲力尽;分配 give away 捐赠, 泄露

※ give in (sth. to sb.) 1) He would rather die than give in. 屈服
2) Wang Kun had to give in because

he knew his sister well.

让步

3) Please give your examination

papers in ( to the teacher) when
you’ve finished. 上交

练一练
1) After the long trip, both the men and the horses ________. gave out 2) Because of his small salary, he had to gave up his dream trip to Europe. _______ 3) Seeing that he could not persuade me, he had to ___________ gave in to my view.

awaymost of his fortune to the poor. 4) He gave _________ gave away 5) Please keep the secret, don’ t ____ it _____.

---Smoking is bad for your health.

√___.

---Yes,I know. But I simply can’t B. give it out
D. give it away

A. give it up
C. give it in

When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 当我告诉她我们将在海拔5000米处开 始旅程, 她好像对此很兴奋。 at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处

e.g. The plane is flying at a height /

altitude of 10,000 feet.
注意

at 在此处表 “在……处/时,
以……”后接年龄, 速度, 长

宽深高, 价格, 费用等

at the age of
at a high / low price

at a depth/width of
at the cost of

at a distance of

It becomes rapids as it passes
through deep valleys, traveling

across western Yunnan Province.
穿过深谷流经云南省西部时 它变成急流. across through prep. 穿过

辨析:
across 常表示从一定范围的一边

到另一边或事物交叉位置, “横穿,
横跨” 表面, 含义与on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间 内部, 含义与in 有关 over表示 “越过” 是指越过较高

的物体从一侧到另一侧

across e.g. She swam ________the river. through The river flows _________the city from west to east. Walk _______the square and go across _________the gate, then you’ll through come to the cafe. The thief climbed ______the wall over and ran away.

实例 The new railway winds its way to Hong Kong, ___ mountains ___ tunnels and ___ rivers. A.across; over; through B. over; across; through

C. over; through; across
D. through; over; across

It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车沿湄公河从 它的源头行走到入海口。
这是一个强调句。强调句的结构是: It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句 如果强调的部分是人,可用who,也可用that, 强调其他成分与内容都用that。

注意 强调时间和地点不能用when或where, 只用that。 e. g.我看这部电影是在上海。 (强调地点状语) It was in Shanghai that I saw the film.

All the members held a meeting in the

club yesterday. 根据上下文和语义意图,说话人可以通
过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使

之成为信息中心。

练一练 把这个句子的不同成分改成强调句。 John gave Mary a handbag at Christmas. 高考链接 Was it ___ that I saw last night at the concert? A. you B. not you C. that yourself

6. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting get to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她不知道旅行的最佳方式, 但是她 还是坚决主张她来合理安排这次旅行。

1) although, though引导让步状语从句 不能再和but, and, however连用, 但可 以和副词yet, still连用。 although从句多放在句首, though从句 可在主句前,中,后任何位置,而且 though可以作副词用于句末,作 “但 是,不过”讲,而although无此用法。

[考例] ______ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience. (2006全国卷 I) A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although [点拨] 根据句中的limited knowledge和a lot of experience构成对比,可知这是一 个让步状语从句,故用although引导。 since既然; unless除非……; as 因为。

2) insist : declare firmly 坚持认为,坚持主张
※insist on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做,坚决做 e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us. ※insist that +从句 “坚持说” (后表示一个事实), 后接的从句用陈述 语气, 既按需要选择时态。

e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. ※insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决 主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚 拟语气, 既 “should +v.”

e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted
that she (should) see a doctor.

高考链接 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately.

A. has been sent for
C. will be sent for

B. sent for
D. be sent for

When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 当 我告诉她将呼吸困难, 天气严寒……

主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句 式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义 e.g. The problem is really hard to work out. My boss is easy to deal with.

注意
不定式和主语之间是逻辑动宾关系, 使用及物动词的主动形式,因此不及 物动词要加相应的介词。 这一结构中的形容词往往是表示心理 活动的,接不定式时, 不定式的逻辑 主语是句子的主语, 主动用to do, 被动 用to be done;也可以接从句。

这类形容词有surprised, moved, disappointed, pleased, happy, sad, delighted, sorry, interested, glad, worried, etc.

I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字 母或汉语提示,写出该单词的正确形式。 1. He is planning his workschedule _______ (进 度表) for the following week. 2. They took many pictures of the _________ waterfall (瀑布) yesterday. 3. What is the ______ (海拔) of this altitude mountain? 4. I think you don’t know your own ___________. In fact, no one is perfect. shortcomings

II. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子。 1.最后我们来到了山顶。(finally) Finally we arrived at the top of the mountain. 2. 我不能骑车去上学,因为我的自行车坏 了。(cycle) I am unable to / can’t cycle to school because my bike is broken.

3. 汤姆坚持认为自己是对的。(insist) Tom insisted that he was right. 4. 你一旦开始,就必须坚持做下去。 (once)

Once you begin, you must keep doing it.

5. 她虽然小,但是知道怎么做。(although) Although she is young, she knows how to do it. 6. 我们决定立刻去火车站。(determine to do) We determined to go to the railway station at once.


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