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2016高考英语二轮复习组合题型突破训练:第6练+阅读+七选五+语法填空+短文改错+书面表达(含解析)


第6练
Ⅰ.阅读理解

阅读+七选五+语法填空+短文改错+书面表达

A 体裁:记叙文 话题:日常生活 词数:310 时间:6′ Doris Carvalho,a woman from Tampa,America has come up with an original way

of combining her two greatest passions—veterinary science(兽医学) and fashion.She recycles dog hair and changes it into high-end designer handbags. Doris loves her new job so much that she hopes to change it into a business—she's currently running a Kickstarter campaign to raise $15 , 000 toward that purpose.That's just enough money to make her first line of 30 handbags and pay for marketing. “These handbags prove that high-end can be made eco-friendly from your pet for you,” she pointed out.“I turn dog hair that would be rubbish anywhere else in the world into these handbags.I use it to make the thread.It's reused and recycled.” It takes Doris about 50 hours to complete each one handbag without any machines.She needs about two pounds of fur per handbag and she insists that the completed handbag is as soft as any other fur.It is priced at $1,000,but she says that the price would go down if the products were to ever go into mass production.“I hope in the future I can make it cheaper and sell much cheaper for everyone,” she said. We aren't sure how well these handbags are selling , but according to Jaime Calderbank,owner of One Lucky Dog in St.Petersburg,it all depends on how much people are willing to display their love for their dogs.“I think a few of them that really love their dogs would like something like that,” she said. Doris has managed to raise just $350 ever since she started the campaign,but she has 50 days to reach her $15,000 goal.“I hope people who like the campaign can help,” she said.“Any contribution is welcome.” 【语篇解读】 Doris Carvalho 用废弃的狗毛做成高端手提包。

1.What do you know about Doris Carvalho? A.She makes handbags from dog hair. B.She is studying veterinary science. C.She studied fashion design in college. D.She raises homeless dogs in her hometown. 答案 A [细节理解题。根据第一段“She recycles dog hair and changes it into high -end designer handbags.”可知,Doris Carvalho 用狗毛做手提包。] 2.Why did Doris Carvalho start the Kickstarter campaign? A.To let more people know her handbags. B.To collect dog hair to make handbags. C.To help protect the environment. D.To raise some money for her business. 答案 D [ 细 节 理 解 题 。 根 据 第 二 段 “...she hopes to change it into a

business—she's currently running a Kickstarter campaign to raise $15 , 000 toward that purpose.”可知,Doris Carvalho 想要把用狗毛做手提包当成一项事业, 所以她开展了 Kickstarter campaign 这项运动来筹钱。] 3.It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A.it is not easy to reuse and recycle dog hair B.dog hair is the most suitable material for handbags C.what Doris has done benefits the surroundings D.no one supported Doris Carvalho's campaign 答案 C [推理判断题。根据第三段内容可知,Doris Carvalho 把被当作垃圾的狗毛做 成手提包,这使得狗毛被回收和再利用,由此可推知,Doris Carvalho 的手提包对环境 有益。] B 体裁:记叙文 话题:人与自然 词数:320 时间:7′ All trade in five named species of sharks is to be regulated (管制) from now on.Without a permit,the sale of their meat or fins(鳍) will be forbidden. The regulation was agreed last year at a meeting of the Convention on

International Trade in Endangered Species in Thailand.According to the rules,

the whitetip (白鳍鲨),the porbeagle (鼠鲨),and three varieties of hammerhead will be protected.Besides,manta rays (比目鱼),valued for their gills (鳃)which are used in Chinese medicine,will also be protected. The action is seen as the most important one in the 40-year history to protect these species. “Regulating international trade in these shark and manta ray species has a great effect on their survival and is a very clear way of helping to protect sharks and our oceans ,” said Secretary General John Scanlon.“The practical steps will involve issues such as limiting export levels, and identifying the fins , gills and meat that are in trade.This may seem challenging,but by working together we can do it and we will do it.” Under the rules,all trade in these sharks and rays across 180 countries will not be allowed unless they have got their permits given by the national related organization. As a matter of fact,trade in shark fins has already decreased greatly as a result of campaigns to raise awareness.Recently it has been reported that sales have gone down by 70%.Earlier this year the hotel giant,Hilton Worldwide stopped serving shark fins at its 96 owned and managed Asia-Pacific hotels. However,Denmark,Canada,Guyana,Japan,Iceland and Yemen have all announced they will not follow the new rules and will continue to fish for some or all of these species.Under the regulations though , they are only able to trade with other countries that are also ready to ignore the rules. Officials point out that for such a questioned issue,the number of countries which is going to continue the trade is small. 【语篇解读】 去年在泰国的一个国际会议上,与会人员通过了保护鲨鱼和比目鱼的规定。 人们需要获得许可证才能捕杀和交易鲨鱼。 4.The purpose of putting the new rules into force is to ________. A.limit people's trade in ocean animals' meat B.protect some species of sharks against over fishing C.let fishers know the importance of protecting sharks

D.prevent big hotels from serving sharks' meat 答案 B [细节理解题。根据第一、二段内容可知,实施新规定的目的是保护五种鲨鱼

和比目鱼,只有获得许可,人们才可以捕捞和贩卖这些鲨鱼。] 5.Which of the following doesn't belong to species of sharks? A.The manta ray. B.The porbeagle. C.The whitetip. D.The hammerhead. 答案 A [细节理解题。根据第二段“According to the rules,the whitetip,the

porbeagle,and three varieties of hammerhead will be protected.Besides,manta rays...”可知,比目鱼不属于鲨鱼。] 6.What can be inferred from John Scanlon' s words in Paragraph Four? A.The regulation may have some negative effects on sharks. B.The export of sharks' meat will be called off in some periods. C.It's nearly impossible to carry out the regulation worldwide. D.Officials are confident that the regulations have a promising future. 答案 D [推理判断题。根据第四段“This may seem challenging,but by working

together we can do it and we will do it.”可知,John Scanlon 认为虽然很具有挑 战性,但是只要人们一起努力,保护鲨鱼的行动就会成功,由此可推知,官方对新规定 的前景很看好。] 7.Hilton Worldwide is a good example of ________. A.people's getting their permits to trade in shark fins B.a successful company's managing its wealth C.people's beginning to stop eating shark fins D.people's raising awareness to protect sharks 答案 D [推理判断题。根据第六段内容可知,随着保护鲨鱼意识的提高,鲨鱼交易已

经大幅度减少了。希尔顿酒店停止向顾客出售鱼翅,这给提高保护鲨鱼意识做出了好的 表率。] Ⅱ.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

A fear of heights is a common feeling that is easy to to

understand.According

many psychologists,a fear of heights is one of only two natural fears.__8__If

you are on the edge of a cliff,it is useful to be a little afraid.If you are not afraid,you could walk too close to the edge (边缘) and fall off.Having a fear of heights is good because it protects us from real danger. __9__They experience strong fears even inside a safe environment such as a tall building,which is not a common response and it is not helpful.John Adams,an English teacher,has a strong fear of heights that makes his life very difficult.“As long as I can remember,I have had a powerful fear of heights.__10__For example,when I was with friends in Paris,I became terrified while going up the Eiffel Tower.I was almost crying and I felt embarrassed for the rest of the vacation,Adams said. Fortunately,having an unreasonable fear of heights can be corrected.__11__The most effective way seems to be getting the person to acknowledge (承认) their fear, for example,by encouraging them to go to the top of tall buildings,hike up tall mountains,or stand on a high bridge. __12__When people face a threatening situation,taking slow,deep breaths can help slow the heart rate and increase the oxygen flow to muscles to keep from tensing(紧张) up.If possible,a few minutes of meditation(沉思) may be effective in reducing some tension. It is important to remember that a fear of heights is not unusual and can be treated. A.Another way to overcome a fear of heights is to learn to control the physical symptoms. B.However,some people have an unreasonable and unhealthy fear of heights. C.One way to defeat your fear of heights is to do an activity that involves nothing but heights. D.There are a number of ways that can be achieved. E.It can completely ruin a vacation. F.The other is a fear of loud noises. G.Nearly everyone experiences some degree of panic when facing heights.

答案 8.F [根据上文“...a fear of heights is one of only two natural fears.”可知,

恐高是两种天然的恐惧之一,另一种是对大的噪音的恐惧。] 9.B [根据下文“They experience strong fears even inside a safe environment such as a tall building...”可知,然而有些人会对高度产生过度的恐慌,他们甚至在比如 较高的建筑物里也会感到强烈的恐惧。] 10.E [根据下文“...when I was with friends in Paris,I became terrified while

going up the Eiffel Tower.I was almost crying and I felt embarrassed for the rest of the vacation...”可知,John Adams 因为恐高而使得自己在巴黎的假期过得很糟 糕。] 11 . D [ 根 据 上 下 文 “...having an unreasonable fear of heights can be

corrected...The most effective way seems to be getting the person to acknowledge their fear”可知,过度地恐高是可以被改正过来的,有许多方法可以做到这一点。最 有效的方法就是让人承认他们的恐惧。] 12.A [根据下文“...taking slow,deep breaths can help slow the heart rate and

increase the oxygen flow to muscles to keep from tensing up.”可知,另外一种 方法就是控制体征,比如慢慢地深呼吸来降低心率,让更多的氧气流向肌肉来避免紧 张。] Ⅲ.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A boy trembled in the cold winter,__13__ (wrap) his arms around himself on a bus stop bench.He __14__ (wear) warm clothes and the temperature was -10℃.A

heartbreaking scene! But the good deeds of the ordinary people who witnessed __15__11 -year-old Johannes were both joyous __16__ inspiring.A woman,sitting next to the boy,discovered he was __17__ a school trip and was told to meet his teacher at the bus stop.She __18__ (self) covered her own coat around his shoulders.Later,__19__ woman at first gave him her scarf , and then wrapped him in her large jacket.Throughout the day,more and more people offered Johannes their gloves and even the coats off their backs.__20__ (actual),it was a hidden camera experiment by Norwegian charity SOS Children's Village as part of their winter campaign to collect __21__ (donate) to help Syrian children get through the winter.Synne

Ronning,the information head of the organization,also noted that the child was a volunteer who was never in any __22__ (dangerous) during the filming. 【语篇解读】 这是一篇记叙文阅读。文章主要讲述了一个 11 岁男孩在汽车站得到好心人 的帮助,通过这件事挪威 SOS 儿童村发起救助贫穷的孩子温暖过冬的活动。 13.wrapping [考查非谓语动词用法。根据句子的主语 a boy 是 wrap 的动作执行者,应填 现在分词,故填 wrapping。] 14.wasn't wearing [考查时态。 根据前文的 tremble 应是没有穿暖和的衣服,指当时正 在进行的动作,应用过去进行时。故判断应填 wasn't wearing。] 15.the [考查冠词。根据前文这个 11 岁的孩子应是第二次出现,应特指,故填 the。] 16.and [考查连词。根据空前后是并列关系。故填 and。] 17.on [考查介词。根据下文的 school trip 应是进行,on a school trip 进行学校郊游。 故填 on。] 18.selflessly [考查副词。根据空后的 cover 判断填副词形式。故填 selflessly。] 19.another [考查限定词。根据语境,应是又一个妇女。故填 another。] 20.Actually [考查副词。根据空后的标点符号,应是填副词,可知填 Actually。] 21 . donations donations。 [ 考 查 名 词 用 法 。 根 据 空 前 的 动 词 collect , 应 填 名 词 形 式 。 故 填 ]

22.danger [考查名词。根据空前的 in 和 any 应填名词形式,故判断填 danger。] Ⅳ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 There are some voices claimed Lei Feng's spirit has gone out of style in today's society.They think nowadays people should seek more practically things,such as fame,money or a comfortable life.To them everything is more important than those things.However,there are some other people still believe in the spirit of Lei Feng

is important in modern society.I agree with the second views.The great soldier's story has a strong influence on people's ideas , values and ways of life on the past.Now we still need it to make us becoming better people so that we can live meaningful lives. 答案 There are some voices

claimed Lei Feng's spirit has gone out of style in claiming practically things, practical

today's society.They think nowadays people should seek more

such as fame,money

everything or a comfortable life.To them is more important and nothing
? still believe who / that

than those things.However,there are some other people

the spirit of Lei Feng is important in modern society.I agree with the second

views has .The great soldier's story a strong influence on people's ideas,values view had on becoming and ways of life the past.Now we still need it to make us better in become
people so that we can live meaningful lives. Ⅴ.书面表达 你班将举行一次以“珍爱生命,遵守交规”为主题的英语演讲比赛,请你按拟定的提 纲用英语写一篇演讲稿。 1.经济发展,私家车增加; 2.违章驾驶,事故频发(主要原因为酒驾、超速和闯红灯); 3.提高安全意识,并采取有力措施。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________ 【思路导航】 本文是限内容、给提纲的控制性作文,由于是写当下的社会现象,所以时态要以一般 现在时为主。内容要符合英语习惯。比如:“私家车增加”要用英语表达为“越来越多的 人拥有私家车”。主谓宾状各个成分要完整;“事故频发”使用 happen 或 take place,且 只 能 用 主 动 语 态 不 能 用 被 动 语 态 ; “ 采 取 措 施 ” 用 英 语 表 达 为 “take steps(measures/action)”。 【参考范文】 With the rapid development of China's economy,more and more people own their private cars.Some drivers don't always obey the traffic rules,so traffic accidents are often happening.A recent survey shows in 2012 there are 26 million traffic illegal acts,an average of over 70 thousand a day. Behind the numbers,we can see the seriousness of our country's road safety.The main reason for traffic accidents is drunk driving.Besides,running the red light and speeding also result in this situation. In my point of view , we must take immediate action to reduce the traffic accidents.For example,drivers should be punished without mercy.At the same time, the government should call on people to obey the traffic rules.Only when we cut down the traffic accidents can we live a happier life. [亮点点击] 此篇文章结构完整,短文使用了较灵活的句式,如简单句、并列句、状

语从句和倒装句等,使文章长短句结合,错落有致。同时,重点突出,详略得当。 亮点短语和词组:with the rapid development of,an average of,running the red light,without mercy,take action,call on,cut down,live a happier life。 高级句式:倒装句 (Only when we cut down the traffic accidents can we live a happier life.);被动语态(For example,drivers should be punished without mercy.)。


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