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英语语法专题复习(一)冠词重要考点及历年真题


中学教育大家谈

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2012 高考英语专题复习 (一)冠词重要考点及历年真题

不定冠词
一、a(an)+可数名词单数表泛指,或者第一次提到的人、物前加 a 1、 (2011 全国,33)It is generally accepted that

boy must learn to stand up and fight like() man. A.a; a B.a; the C.the; the D.a; 不填 2、 (2011 全国卷 II,16)As he reached front door, Jack saw strange sight. A. the;不填 B. a; the C.不填 a D. the; a 。 3、 2011 重庆卷,26 In communication,a smile is usually __ strong sign of a friendly and __ open attitude. A. the, / B. a, an C. a, / D. the, an 4、 (2010 重庆)Everything comes with price; there is no such thing as free lunch in the world. A. a, a B. the, / C. the, a D. a, / 5、 (2010 四川)In most countries, a university degree can give you flying start in life. A. the; a B. the; 不填 C.不填; 不填 D.不填; a 6、 (2009 重庆)Washing machines made by China have won worldwide attention and Haier has become popular name. A. a; the B. /; a C. /; the D. the; a 7、 (2009 全国 II)What I need is book that contains ABC of oil painting. A. a; 不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; an D. a; the 9、 (2008 重庆)In many places in China, _____ bicycle is still _____ popular means of transportation. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the;the 。 10、 (2008 山东)Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. 不填;a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. the; a (解析)D the Internet 因特网, 为固定搭配;as a resource “作为一种资源”, 此处用 a 表示泛指。 11、 (2007 湖南)Polar bears live mostly on ______sea ice, which they use as ______platform for hunting seals. A. a; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 12、 (2006 山东)For him ____ stage is just ___ means of making a living. A. a; a B.the; a C. the ; the D. a; the 。 13、 (2002 NMET)Jumping out of _______ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite _______ exciting experience. A. 不填;the B. 不填;an C. an; an D. the; the 二、在某些抽象名词前加不定冠词可使抽象名词具体化 (一)表示情感、情绪的词前加 a,强调具体的人或事,常用词有 surprise、pleasure、honor、pity、

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中学教育大家谈

h ttp://b1 327 668 . xi ci .n et

pride、comfort、success、danger、failure 等。 1、 (2010 福建)It’s good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them_ _ pleasure. A. 不填, a B. a, 不填 C. the, a D. a, the 2、 (2008 全国 II)It’s not ___ good idea to drive for four hours without ______ break. A. a ; a B. the ; a C. the ; the D. a ; the 3、 (2007 福建)—How about Christmas evening party? —I should say it was success. A.a; a B.The; a C.a;不填 D.the; 不填 4、2007 江苏) have every reason to believe that__ 2008 Beijing Olympic Games will be__ success. ( We A. / … a B. the … / C. the … a D. a … a 。 (二)表示“一份” “一杯” “一种” “一阵”等含义,常与动词构成短语,名词前常有形容词修饰 1、 (2007 浙江)I like _____ color of your skirt. It is _____ good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 2、 (2002 上海)One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain______good knowledge of basic word formation. A. / B. the C. a D. one 3、 (2000 NMET)Most animals have little connection with animals of different kind unless they kill them for food. A.the;a B.不填;a C.the;the D.不填;the 。 三、比较级前加不定冠词,表示更?? 1、 (2010 山东)If we sit near _______ front of the bus,we’ll have _______ better view. A. 不填; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the 2(2009 安徽)We can never expect bluer sky unless we create less polluted world. 2 A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 3、 2009 四川) order to find _______ better job, he decided to study _____ second foreign language. ( In A. the; a B. a; a C. the; the D. a; the 4、 (2004 辽宁)When you finish reading the book, you will have ____better understanding of___life. A. a;the B. the;a C. 不填;the D. a;不填 四、序数词前加不定冠词,表示再一,又一,相当于 another,不表顺序 1、 (2010 北京) First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get _____ second chance to make _____ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 2、 (2002 上海春)The cakes are delicious. He’d like to have third one because second one is rather too small. A. a;a B. the;the C. a;the D. the;a 五、常用在 quite/rather/half/many/such/what + a/an+形容词+单数可数名词;so(as,too,how)+ 形容词+a/an+单数可数名词结构中 (2010 重庆 27)Everything comes with price; there is no such thing as free lunch in the world. A. a, a B. the, / C. the, a D. a, / 六、用于表示价格、速度、比率、重量、长度、时间等名词之前,有“每一”之义,相当于 each, every
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中学教育大家谈

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2011 江西卷 22 ——It’s said John will be in a job paying over $60,000 _____ year. —— Right, he will also get paid by _____ week. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D.a; a (解析)B 前半句:据说 John 将会有一份年工资超过 60000 美金的工作,表时间单位每年,冠 词用 a; 后半句: 没错,他也将会以每周的方式得到薪水。by 后面接具体的计量方式用定冠词 the。 七、用在人名前,表示一个叫……的人 1、 (2006 全国Ⅰ )---- Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? ----- Sorry, wrong number. There isn’t______ Mr. Smith here. A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one 2、 (2005 山东)I knew ______ John Lennon, but not ______ famous one. A. 不填;a B. a;the C. 不填;the D. the;a 3、 (2004 全国Ⅳ)-John, there is Mr.Wilson on the phone for you. -I’m in bath. A.a;the B.the;a C.a;不填 D.the;不填 八、用于有修饰词的乐器、三餐、季节、日期、独一无二事物前 (2007 山东)________ walk is expected to last all day, so bring_______ packed lunch. A. A;a B. The; 不填 C. The ; a D. A ; 不填 。 九、most 前也可加不定冠词,这时,most 表示“非常” 。 This is () most useful reference book. 十、习惯用法 have a rest, have a break, take a walk, have a look, in a moment, in a minute, once upon a time, twice a month, four times an hour ,a little , a few , a lot , a type of , a pile , a great many , many a , a rule , a hurry , in a word , a short while , as in in after a while , have a cold , have a try

定冠词
一、the+单数可数名词表示特指或指某一类事物 1、 (2011 全国卷 II,16)As he reached front door,Jack saw strange sight. A. the;不填 B. a; the C.不填 a D. the; a 2、 (2010 山东)If we sit near _______ front of the bus, we’ll have _______ better view. A. 不填; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the 3、 (2009 北京) biggest whale is ______ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the The height of _______ 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a 4、 (2007 陕西)In film Cast Away.Tom Hanks plays man named Chuck Noland. A.a; the B.the; a C.the; the D.a; a 5、 (2007 北京)I looked under _____bed and found ______book I lost last week. A.the; a B. the: the C. 不填;the D. the:;不填 。 二、the+不可数名词或者复数名词表特指 1、 (2010 浙江) Many lifestyle patterns do such great harm to health that they actually speed up weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; /

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中学教育大家谈

h ttp://b1 327 668 . xi ci .n et

。 2、 (2009 江西)Some people fear that ________ air pollution may bring about changes in _______ weather around the world. A. /; the B. the; / C. an; the D. the; a 3、 (2008 辽宁)My neighbor asked me to go for ______ walk, but I don’t think I’ve got ______ energy. A. a; 不填 B. the; the C. 不填;the D. a; the 4、 (2008 湖南)Have you heard ______ news?The price of _______ petrol is going up again! A. the, the B. 不填, the C. the, 不填 D. 不填, 不填 三、特指上文提到过的人或事;说话双方都知道的人或事 2010 浙江 2, 2008 江苏 21,2007 山东 21, 2011 全国卷二 16, 1、 (2011 山东卷,21)Take your time—it’s just _____short distance from here to_____ restaurant. A.不填;the B. a; the C. the; a D.不填;a 2、 (2011 浙江卷,2)Experts think that _____recently discovered painting may be _____ Picsso. A.the ;不填 B. a ;the C. a ; 不填 D. the; a 3、 (2009 海南)Let’s go to cinema-that’ll take your mind off the problem for while A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D. a ; a 4、 (2009 陕西 6)What ___ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive ___ prize! A. a; a B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the 5、 (2009 浙江 2)I don’t understand what the engineer means,but I’ve got __rough idea of __project plan. A. the; a B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the 6、 (2006 北京)—I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over _________ keyboard. — You shouldn't put drinks near _________ computer. A. the;不填 B. the;a C. a;不填 D. a;a 四、世上独一无二的事物前 the sun,the sky,the moon,the earth,the world 2010 辽宁 22 (2010 辽宁 22) There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in ______ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto _______ earth. A. the; the B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the 五、用在序数词和形容词最高级前,及形容词 only,very,same 等前面 "Where do you live?I live on the second floor. He is the tallest in his class. That’s the very thing I’ve been looking for. 1、 (2011 陕西卷 13)As is known to all, People’s Republic of China is biggest developing country in the world. A.the ;不填 B. 不填 ;the C. the ;the D. 不填;不填 。 2、 (2006 辽宁)Of all reasons for my decision to become a university professor, my father’s advice was most important one. A.the;a B.不填;a C.不填;the D.the;the (3、 (2000 春上海)Where’s nearest bookstore? ―There’s one at end of the street. A.the?an B.a?the C.the?the D.a?an 。 六、用在表示身体部位的名词前,表示所有,相当于物主代词:

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中学教育大家谈

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动词+sb+介词+the+身体部位 hit/knock/strike/pat+sb.+in/on+the+部位 catch/grasp/pull/push/take/seize+sb.+by+the+ 部 位 be blind/lame/wounded+in+the+部位 1、 (2008 浙江 2)______ apple fell from the tree and hit him on ______ head. A. An; the B. The; the C. An; 不填 D. The; 不填 。 2、 (2001 上海)A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in_______leg. A.a B.one C.the D.his 七、用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前 the Great wall,the United states 2007 江苏 21,2011 陕西 13 1、 (2011 陕西卷,13)As is known to all, People’s Republic of China is biggest developing country in the world. A.the ;不填 B. 不填 ;the C. the ;the D. 不填;不填 。 2、 (2006 陕西)According to________ World Health Organization, health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent________ spread of AIDS. A.the;不填 B.the;the C.a;a D.不填;the 。 3、 (2005 江苏)On May 5, 2005, at________ World Table Tennis Championship, Kong Linghui and Wang Hao won the gold medal in men's doubles with ________ score of 4: 1. A. a; a B. 不填; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a ( 4、 (2005 安徽)After dinner he gave Mr. Richardson ______ ride to ______ Capital Airport. A. the; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D.不填; the 八、by+the+具体的计量单位名词,表示按、以、论。。。,(size,weight,time 等除外,与 by 连 。。。 用时,前面不加定冠词) by the hour,by the day,by the week,by the dozen,by the thousand, by the ton,by the kilo Apples are sold by weight。 2011 江西 22 2011 江西卷 22 ——It’s said John will be in a job paying over $60,000 _____ year. —— Right, he will also get paid by _____ week. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D.a; a 九、用在表示方位、时间的词组和习惯用语前 in the west/east/north/south on the left/right in the morning/afternoon/evening in the end (2000 春京皖)Summers in ________ south of France are for ________ most part dry and sunny. A. 不填; a B. the; 不填 C. 不填;不填 D. the; the 十、用于姓氏复数前,表示一家人 (2007 全国 II)—Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons, please? —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village. A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; / 十一、用于形容词比较级前面,强调或暗含“两者中较或更?的一个” ,the+形容词比较级+of the two? She is the taller of the two girls. 十二、用“the+比较级+主语+谓语,the+比较级+主语+谓语” ,表示“越??越??” ,有时,结 构中的主语和谓语可以省略。

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中学教育大家谈

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The closer you stay to nature,the more you will appreciate her beauty. The sooner, the better. 十三、习惯用法 in the day,in the morning (afternoon,evening) ,the day after tomorrow,the day before yesterday,the next morning,in the sky (water,field,country)in the dark,in the rain,in the distance,in the middle (of) ,in the end,on the whole,by the way,go to the theater

零冠词
一、表示泛指的复数名词、物质名词、抽象名词前常不用冠词。 1、 (2010 福建) It’s good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them _ _ pleasure. A. 不填, a B. a, 不填 C. the, a D. a, the 2、 (2010 四川)In most countries,a university degree can give you flying start in life. A. the; a B. the; 不填 C.不填; 不填 D.不填; a 。 3、 (2009 江西)Some people fear that ________ air pollution may bring about changes in _______ weather around the world. A. /; the B. the; / C. an; the D. the; a 。 4、 2007 江西) ( Many people have come to realize that they should go on ___balanced diet and make ____ room in their day for exercise. A.a;/ B.the; a C.the;the D./;a 。 5、 (2006 重庆)Everywhere man has cut down ______forests in order to grow crops, or to use_____ wood as fuel or as building material. A.the;the B.the;/ C./;the D./;/ 6、 (2005 北京)It is often said that ______ teachers have ______ very easy life. A. 不填;不填 B. 不填;a C. the ;不填 D. the;a 二、国名,人名,地名等专有名词前通常不用冠词,但如果前面有修饰词时,要用不定冠词 (2010 江苏 21) visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of The life are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a B. 不填;the C. the; a D. the; the 三、在称呼或表示官衔,职位的名词前不加冠词 2011 四川 18 Dr.Peter Spence, headmaster of the school, told us, “ fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge.” A. 不填;A B.不填;The C.the; The D.a; A 。 四、一些 by 引起的短语中名词前不用加冠词 (1)与 by 连用的交通工具名称前:by train(乘火车)by car(乘汽车)by plane(乘飞机) (2)与 by 连用的水陆空名词前:by sea (由海路)by air(通过航空) by river(由水路) (3)与 by 连用的一些其他名词前:by radio(由无线电) by hand (手工)by force(凭借武力) 1、 2008 江苏 21) went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead of driving across ______ ( We

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中学教育大家谈

h ttp://b1 327 668 . xi ci .n et

continent. A. the; the B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填 。 2、2005 全国Ⅱ) you go by _________ train, you can have quite a comfortable journey, but make sure ( If you get __________ fast one. A. the; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. 不填;不填 五、 一些表示地点的名词,如:bed, church, school, hospital, home, work 等。当人们去这些地方做 在这些地方应该做的事时, 不加冠词; 如果加上定冠词 the, 则表示去这些场所做其他的事情。 如: go home 回家 go to work 上班 go to school 去上学 He went to the school to speak to the headmaster.他来学校和校长谈话。 (不是上学) go to church 去教堂祈祷 He went to the church to see the carvings.他去教堂看雕刻。 (不是祈祷) in hospital 住院 His mother is in hospital and he has been in the hospital to take care of her. 他妈妈生病住院了,他就一直在医院里面照顾她。 1、 (2007 重庆) Gorge couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was _____ Sunday because everybody was at _______ church. A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a 2、 (2005 辽宁)This book tells ________ life story of John Smith, who left ______ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. a; 不填 。 六、在单纯的季节、月份、节日、假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词;但在中 国民间传统节日前常加定冠词 Spring, June, Monday, New Year’s Day, breakfast,the Spring Festival 七、学科、语言名词前不用冠词 study Physics\Chinese\English\Chemistry 八、名词前有指示代词、物主代词、不定代词、名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词 I like this picture。 I do not have any money。 This is peter’s dictionary。 九、go、turn 用作系动词时,后面用作表语的名词前不加冠词 He turned writer many years later。 He has gone lawyer。 十、在三餐、球类、棋类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词 have breakfast;play basketball;play chess 十一、习惯用法 ahead of time 提前 at first sight 乍一看,in silence 在沉默中 in charge 负责 hand in hand 手拉手, in space 在太空

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