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新人教版高一英语必修2 Unit1 Cultural relics学案


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必修 2 Unit 1
核心单词
1. survive

Cultural relics

vi.生还,幸存;流传下来;幸免 vt. 经历……而幸存;比……活的时间长 常用结构: survive on sth. 靠……生存(意思等同于 live on st

h.) survive sb. (by ...) 比某人多活…… Of the six people injured in the crash, only two survived. 在这次撞车事故受伤的 6 个人中,只有 2 个人活了下来。 I can’t survive on $20 a week. 每周 20 美元无法维持我的生活。 Few buildings in Beichuan County survived the big earthquake on May 12, 2008. 在 2008 年 5 月 12 日的大地震中,北川县残留的建筑物寥寥无几。 She survived her husband by ten years. 她丈夫去世后她又活了 10 年。

联想拓展
survival n. 存活,幸存;残存;遗留;旧风俗 survivor n.生还者,幸存者

高手过招
完成句子 (原创) ①The old couple 从战争中幸存下来). ②His only chance of (生存) was a heart transplant. ③In the terrible accident, there were no (幸存者). 答案:①survived the war ②survival ③survivors 2. select vt. 挑选;选择

易混辨析 select/choose/elect/pick out
四个词均含有“选译”之意。 select 强调在广泛的范围内进行“精选或淘汰”,侧重以客观为标准进行选择。 choose 为普通用词,侧重根据个人意愿和判断从众多的对象中进行选择,着重指被选者的 优点。 elect 指按照一定的规章和法律,用投票方式进行的慎重的选择。 pick out 为口语用词,强调“从个人角度在众多事物之中进行挑选”,有时含有“任意选择”的 意思。

高手过招
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选词填空(select/choose/elect/pick) ①Please a good book for me. ②She a diamond ring from the collection. ③We our monitor by a show of hands. ④She the red sweater rather than the pink one. 答案:①pick ②selected ③elected ④chose 3. design n. 设计;图案;构思 vt. 设计;计划;构思 常用结构: by design=on purpose 有意地,故意地 be designed to do ... 目的是做……;被打算做…… be designed for ... 为……而打算/设计 I like the design of that rug. 我喜欢那块地毯的图案。 A new highway between the two cities is being designed. 这两个城市之间的一条新高速公路正在设计中。 The experiment is designed to test the new drug. 实验的目的是测试新的药品。 The house are specially designed for the old people. 这些房子是专门为老年人设计的。

高手过招
单项填空 I like the television programme educate C. is designed to not merely entertain.

(2009· 12· 山东青州模块检测) A. designed to B. designed for

D. is designed for

解析:选 A。be designed to do ...为固定搭配,意为“目的是”,为过去分词短语在句中作后 置定语,修饰名词 programme。B、D 两项 be designed for 中 for 为介词,后面需接 v.-ing 形 式或名词,故排除。 4. fancy adj. 奇特的;异样的 vt. 想象;设想;爱好 n. 想象力;幻想;爱好 常用结构: fancy that ... 以为是…… fancy oneself 自负,自命不凡 fancy (doing) sth. 喜欢,想要(做)某事 fancy 用于感叹句中时表示“没想到,竟然”。 My sister likes to collect fancy clothes. 我姐姐喜欢搜集奇装异服。 I used to fancy what I would like wearing a long snow-like dress.过去我常常想象自己穿着雪 白长裙的模样。 Children usually have a lively fancy.
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孩子们往往拥有丰富的想象力。 Many students fancy playing football. 很多学生喜欢踢足球。 Fancy meeting you here!真没想到会在这儿遇到你! I fancy (that) it’s going to rain today. 我看今天要下雨。 答案: ①to say→saying ②to go→going

高手过招
单句改错 (原创) ①Fancy her to say that! ②Do you fancy to go with me this weekend?
5. consider vt. 考虑;认为 常用结构: consider doing sth./sth.考虑做某事 consider sb./sth. as/to be ...认为;以为;觉得 consider it+adj.+to do sth ...认为做某事是…… We are considering going to Canada. 我们正考虑到加拿大去。 We consider this (to be) very important. 我们认为这非常重要。

联想拓展
consideration n. 考虑;关心 considering prep. 考虑到;就……而言 take sth. into consideration 考虑(某事) Considering her age, she has done very well. 考虑到她的年纪,她已经做得非常好了。

高手过招
(1)单项填空 Charlie Chaplin is to be one of the greatest actors in the world. (2009· 02· 湖北武汉一中质量检测) A. Regarded B. believed C. thought D. considered (2)翻译句子 (原创) ①你是否考虑过如何到达那里? ②他会被认为是个软弱无能的领导人。 解析:(1) 选 D。考查词义辨析。think, regard, consider 都有“看作”的意思,然而搭配不同。 think 一般与 of 搭配,形成 think of ...;regard 与 as 搭配,形成 regard ...as; consider 可以与 as 搭配,形成 consider ...as,也可以跟不定式,形成 consider sb. to do sth.的搭配。 (2)①Have you considered how to get there?
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②He will be considered a weak leader.

6. worth adj.值得(做某事); 有(做某事)的价值 n.价值; 用处 be worth doing sth.值得(做某事) ;有(做某事)的价值 be worth sth.用于“数量、持续时间等”的名词之后,表示某物价值多少金额。 The new car cost a lot of money, but it’s certainly worth it. 买这辆新汽车花了很多钱, 但确实物有所值。 The thieves stole one million pounds ? worth of jewellery. 窃贼偷走了价值 100 万英镑的珠宝。

易混辨析
worth/worthy/worthwhile “be worth+n.”结构中,当名词为金钱时,表示“……值……钱”。 be worth doing sth. ……某事值得被做 “be worthy of+n./doing”当名词为抽象名词时,表示 “……值得……”。 be worthy to be done/be worthy of being done 某事值得被做 It is worthwhile to do sth. 值得做某事 It is worthwhile doing sth. 值得去做某事 It is worthwhile for sb. to do/doing sth. 值得某人去做某事 The article is worthy of careful study. =The article is worth studying carefully. =The article is worthy of being studied carefully. =The article is worthy to be studied carefully. 这篇文章值得仔细学习。

高手过招
单项填空 ①This book is worthy of A. Reading C. having read ②He is well skilled twice . (2009· 12· 江苏南京月考) B. read D. being read playing the piano, so his music is worth . (2009· 12· 山东烟台模块检测) A. with; listening B. with; listening to C. in; listening D. in; listening to 解析: ①选 D。 be worthy 后可以用不定式的被动语态或 of being done 结构,而 worth 后 用动名词的主动语态表达被动概念。 ②选 D。be skilled in 也可以用 be skilled at 后跟名词或动名词表示,意思是“在……方面熟 练的;在……方面有能力的”。worth 意思是“值得”,后跟动名词的主动语态表达被动概念。
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在句中,music 作 listen to 的逻辑宾语,而 listen 为不及物动词,因此 to 不可以去掉。 7. wonder n.\[C\] 奇迹;奇观;\[U\]惊奇,惊叹 vt. 想知道;对……感到好奇 常用结构: in wonder 惊奇地 do/work wonders 创造奇迹 be wonder at 对……感到惊讶 be wonder about 想弄明白;琢磨 It is a wonder (that) ... 奇怪的是…… (It is)no/little/small wonder (that ...) 难怪……;……并不奇怪 It’s no wonder you can’t sleep when you eat so much. 你吃得那么多,难怪你睡不着。 I wonder who he was, where he were from and why he came. 我很想知道他是谁,来自哪里,为什么来。

高手过招
单项填空 —He is always the first to come and the last to leave. — is no wonder he always takes the first place in class. (2009· 12· 安徽合肥一中检测) A. It B. There C. That D. This 解析:选 A。根据句意可知,此处有“怪不得……”的意思,故选 A。 8. doubt n. 怀疑;疑惑 vt.怀疑;疑虑;不信 常用结构: in doubt 怀疑,拿不定主意 no/without/beyond doubt 无疑地;必定;当然 There is no doubt that ... 毫无疑问……(that 从句为同位语从句,表示与之同位的 no doubt 的实际内容。 ) No doubt he didn’t mean to hurt you. 他肯定不是有意要伤害你的。 When in doubt about the question, you’d better ask the teacher. 当你对这个问题没有把握 时,问一下老师。 I don’t doubt that he is honest. 我毫不怀疑他是诚实的。 We doubt if he is honest.我们怀疑他是否诚实。

温馨提示
在否定句和疑问句中,接 that 引导的从句;在肯定句中,接 whether/if 引导的从句。 I don’t doubt that ...我肯定……(=I’m sure/certain that ...) I doubt if/whether ...我不确定…… (=I’m not sure/certain if/whether ...)
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高手过招
(1)单项填空 There is no doubt (2009· 12· 江西赣州质量检测) A. That B. whether C. what (2)翻译句子 (原创) ①我们毫不怀疑他能够做好这件事。 ②毫无疑问我们会成功的。 he will be asked to speak again next year. D. how

解析:(1) 选 A。 动词 doubt 后的同位语从句的引导词有这样的规律:如果 doubt 前有否 定词,从句用 that 引导;如果 doubt 前没有否定词,则用疑问代词、副词或 whether 引导。 (2)①We don’t doubt that he can do it well. ②There is no doubt that we will be successful. 9. apart adv.分离地;分别地 常用结构: apart from ... 除了……外, 除了……还有 take ...apart 拆开 tell apart 分辨出 易混辨析 besides/except/except for/except that/ except when/but/apart from besides 指“除……之外,另外还有”,着重于“另外还有”。 except 指“从整体里减去一部分”,着重于“排除在外”。 except for 与 except 同义,但 except for 所“排除在外”的通常是整体中的一个细节, 或是句中所述的整体内容中的一个部分。 except that 意为“除了”,与 except for 同义,后面接从句。 except when 意为“除非”,“除了在……时候”。 but 作介词与 except 同义,表示“排除在外”。常与 no, every, any 构成的复合词连用,构成 none but, nothing but, anybody but, everyone but, everywhere but 以及 no one but, all but 等 结构。 apart from 兼有 besides 和 except for 两种含义,后接名词、代词或动名词。 注意:用于否定句时,but, except 和 besides 可以换用。 Apart from their house in London, they also have a villa in Spain.他们在伦敦有房子, 此外在西 班牙还有一座别墅。 Take the bike apart and try to repair it this morning. 请拆开这自行车并设法于今天上午修好。 There aren’t any other people to be considered but/except/besides Mr Brown. 除了布朗先生外,其他人将不予考虑。 I have five other story books besides this one. 除了这本外,我还有五本别的故事书。
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He answered all the questions except the last one. 除了最后一个问题外,他回答了所有的问题。 I know nothing about him except that he lives next door. 我不了解他的情况,只知道他住在隔壁。 He goes to work on time every day except when he is ill. 他每天都按时上班,除非他生病了。

高手过招
完成句子 ①除了很少的几个词以外,我对法语一无所知。 a few words, I do not know any French at all. ②我分不出这一对双胞胎谁是谁。 I can’t the twins 答案: ①Apart from ②tell; apart 重点短语 10. in search of 寻找,寻求 . (原创)

联想拓展
in one’s/a/the search for=in search of 寻找;寻求 make a search of 搜查…… search for sb./sth. 寻找某人/某物 search sb./sth. out 找出某人/某物 search sb./sth.(for sb./sth.) 搜查某人/某物(以搜寻到某人/某物)

易混辨析
search/search for/search ...for/in search of search vt. search sb.意为“搜身”,search sp.意为“在……中搜查”。 search for 意为“寻找”,指搜寻某个特定的目标,相当于 look for。 search ...for 意为“搜查某人或某地以寻找某物”。 in search of 意为“寻找”,作目的状语,后接寻找的对象或目标。 The police searched the house for the stolen jewellry. 警察搜查那栋房屋,寻找被偷的宝石。 I looked everywhere in search of my lost pen. 我四处寻找我丢失的钢笔。 They searched the guard at the gate. 他们在门口搜查了那个士兵。 I searched everywhere for the lost pen. 我到处找丢失的钢笔。

高手过招
(1)单项填空
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They

were

walking

around

the

town

a

place

for

the

party.

(2009· 12· 江苏扬州中学检测) A. in search of B. search C. searching of D. searched for (2)完成句子 (原创) ①警察到处搜捕他。最终他被抓住了,现在警察正在对他进行搜身。 The police him everywhere. He was caught at last and now the police are him. ②显然,已经有人搜过他的房子——那本书不见了。 His house had clearly been and the book was missing. 解析:(1) 选 A。in search of 为介词短语,意为“寻找”,符合句意。B、D 两项动词形式不 正确;无 C 项 search of 这种搭配。故选 A 项。 (2)①searched for;searching ②searched 11. belong to 属于;是……的成员;是……的一部分

联想拓展
belong vi. 应被放置在,应处在(某处) ,适合在某处。此时,不与 to 连用,后面通常跟副 词和其他介词短语。 belongings n.财产;所有物;行李

温馨提示
belong to 不用于进行时态和被动语态中。to 为介词,其后接代词、名词类短语及从句,表 示所归属的对象。 Who does this watch belong to? 这块表是谁的? She lost all her belongings in the earthquake. 她在地震中失去了所有的财产。 I don’t really feel I belong here. 我感觉我并不适合待在这个地方。

高手过招
单项填空 As is known to us all, China is a developing country the third world. (2009· 12· 山东青岛二中模块检测) A. belonging B. belonged C. belonging to D. belonged to 解析:选 C。belong to 在句中作定语,无被动语态和进行时态,必须和 to 连用。 12. in return 回报;作为报酬;作为报答 in return for sth. 作为……的交换/回报 in turn 轮流地,依次;相应地,转而 by turns 轮流地, 时而……时而……What can we do for them in return for all the help they
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have given us? 我们能做些什么来报答他们所给予我们的种种帮助呢? 答案:①I bought him a drink in return for his help. ②I wish I could do something for you in return.

高手过招
翻译句子 ①我请他喝酒以感谢他的帮助。 ②我希望我能做些什么来报答你们。
重点句型
13. Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 普鲁士国王威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的历 史。 “couldn’t have done”意为“不可能做了某事”,表示对过去已发生的事情的比较有把握的否 定猜测。 could/can have done 结构的用法: ①用于疑问句中,表示一种猜测,意为“可能做过……吗?” ②用于肯定句中,表示与过去事实相反的假设,意为“本来能够去做却没有做”。 Mr Smith can’t have gone to Beijing, for I saw him just now. 史密斯先生不可能去北京了,我刚才还见过他。 There is no light in the room, can they have gone out? 屋里没亮灯,他们有可能出去了吗? —I stayed at a hotel while in New York. 在纽约时我住在一家旅馆里。 —Oh, did you? You could have stayed with Babara. 是吗?你本来能够和巴巴拉住在一起的。

(原创)

高手过招
单项填空 ①His brother met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon, so he have attended your lecture. (2009· 12· 山西太原五 中模拟测试) A. couldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t ②—Your mother was really anxious about you. —I know. I home without a word. (2009· 11· 陕西西安检测) A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left
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C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave 解析: ①选 A。由“His brother met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon”可知, 当时他不在课堂上,不可能听了你的课。couldn’t have done 意为“(过去)肯定没做”,符 合句意。 ②选 B。由“Your mother was really anxious about you”和“I know”可知,“我”是在为自己未 打招呼离家而自责。shouldn’t have done 意为“本不应该做某事”,符合句意。 14. He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. 他/她关心的只是目击者是否提供了真实的信息,这些信息必须是事实而不是个人的观点或 看法。 rather than 意为“而不是”, 连接两个并列成分, 这两个并列成分的形式应该一致。 rather than 连接两个主语时, 其后面谓语动词的单复数形式取决于 rather than 前面主语的单复数形式。 同类词汇、短语还有:as well as,together with,except,but,like,with,besides,including 等。

联想拓展
or rather 更确切地说 other than 除了……之外 would rather do sth. than do sth. =prefer doing ...to doing/prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做……,而不愿做…… would do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿做……而不愿做…… would rather (not) do sth. 宁愿(不)…… I think Tom, rather than you, is to blame. 我认为该受责备的是汤姆,而不是你。 Professor Smith, together with his assistants, is doing the research day and night. 史密斯教授和他的助手们正在夜以继日地进行研究。

高手过招
选词填空(rather than/other than/or rather) (原创) ①I met him very late on Friday night, , early on Saturday morning. ②Does anybody yourself know this? ③I decided to send an e-mail telephone. 答案:①or rather ②other than ③rather than

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