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2014全国高考英语试题分类汇编阅读之文化教育类


2014 全国高考汇编阅读之文化教育类
一(2014 安徽卷) D Should we allow modern buildings to- be built next to older buildings in a historic area of a city? In order to answer this question, we must first exam

ine whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area. Not all historical buildings are attractive. However, there may be other reasons for example, economic (经济的) reasons-why they should be preserved. So, let us assume that historical buildings are both attractive and important to the majority of people. What should we do then if a new building is needed? In my view, new architectural styles can exist perfectly well alongside an older style. Indeed, there are many examples in my own home town of Tours where modern designs have been placed very successfully next to old buildings. As long as the building in question is pleasing and does not dominate (影响) its surroundings too much, it often improves the attractiveness of the area. It is true that there are examples of new buildings which have spoilt (破坏) the area they are in, but the same can be said of some old buildings too. Yet people still speak against new buildings in historic areas. I think this is simply because people are naturally conservative(保守 的)and do not like change. Although we have to respect people's feelings as fellow users of the buildings, I believe that it is the duty of the architect and planner to move things forward . If we always reproduced what was there before,we would all still be living in caves . Thus , I would argue against copying previous architectural styles and choose something fresh and different , even though that might be the more risky choice. 68. What does the author say about historical buildings in the first paragraph? A. Some of them are not attractive. B. Most of them ate too expensive to preserve. C. They are more pleasing than modern buildings. D. They have nothing to do with the historic feel of an area. 69. Which of the following is true according to the author ?

A. We should reproduce the same old buildings. B. Buildings should not dominate their surroundings. C. Some old buildings have spoilt the area they are in. D. No one understands why people speak against new buildings. 70. By ―move things forward ‖ in the last paragraph , the author probably means―‖ A. Destroy old buildings B. Put things in a different place C. Choose new architectural styles D. Respect people’s feelings for historical buildings 71. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To explain why people dislike change. B. To warn that we could end up living in caves. C. To admit how new buildings have ruined their surroundings. D. To argue that modern buildings can be built in historic areas. 【考点】考察文化类阅读 【文章大意】 是否可以在历史遗迹的地方建设现代化的建筑?文章对此问题进行了讨论, 作 者如果在不破坏原来情况的基础上我们是可以这样做的, 因为很多现代建筑能够提升城市的 品味。 68. 【答案】A 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第一段第三句 Not all historical buildings are attractive.可知作 者认为并不是所有的古代建筑都是很吸引人的。故 A 正确。 69. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第三段第一句 It is true that there are examples of new buildings which have spoilt (破坏) the area they are in, but the same can be said of some old buildings too. 可知一些新的建筑会毁掉他们所在的地区,同样一些旧建筑也会毁掉他们所在的地区。故 C 正确。 70. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据横线下一句 If we always reproduced what was there before,we would all still be living in caves .如果我们总是重复建设以前的建筑风格,那么我们就会让人生活在 洞穴里。 可知 I believe that it is the duty of the architect and planner to move things forward .中建

筑师的责任就是向前发展,也就是说要开发出新的建筑风格,不走老路。故 C 正确。 71. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第一句 Should we allow modern buildings to- be built next to older buildings in a historic area of a city?可知本文是一个讨论:是否可以在历史遗迹的地方 建设现代化的建筑。故 D 项正确。 【长难句解析】 In order to answer this question, we must first examine whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area. 【翻译】为了回答这个问题,我们必须首先检查人们十分真地项保护历史遗迹。 【分析】本句中的 in order to answer this question 在句中充当的是目的状语,相当于不定式 to answer this question;另外句中动词 examine 后面有一个 whether 引导的宾语从句 whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area.连接词 whether 在句中不充当任何成分, 表示的是不确定的―是否‖的意思。

二(2014 北京卷) B The Brown Bear My wife Laura and I were on the beach, with three of our children, taking pictures of shore birds near our home in Alaska when we spotted a bear. The bear was thin and small, moving aimlessly. Just a few minutes later, I heard my daughter shouting, ―Dad! The bear is right behind us!‖ An agreesive bear will usually rush forward to frighten away its enemy but would suddenly stop at the last minute. This one was silent and its ears pinned back---- the sign (迹象) of an animal that is going in for the kill. And it was a cold April day. The bear behaved abnormally, probably because of hunger. I held my camera tripod (三脚架) in both hands to form a barrier as the bear rushed into me. Its huge head was level with my chest and shoulders, and the tripod stuck across its mouth. It bit down and I found myself supporting its weight. I knew I would not be able to hold it for long. Even so, this was a fight I had to win: I was all that stood between the bear and my family, who would stand little chance of running faster than a brown bear.

The bear hit at the camera, cutting it off the tripod. I raised my left arm to protect my face; the beast held tightly on the tripod and pressed it into my side. My arm could not move, and I sensed that my bones were going to break. Drawing back my free hand, I struck the bear as hard as I could for five to six times. The bear opened its mouth and I grasped its fur, trying to push it away. I was actually wrestling (扭打) with the bear at this point. Then, as suddenly as it had begun, the fight ended. The bear moved back toward the forest, before returning for another attack----- The first time I felf panic. Apparently satisfied that we caused no further threat, the bear moved off, destroying a fence as it went. My arm was injured, but the outcome for us could hardly have been better. I’m proud that my family reminded clear-headed when panic could have led to a very different outcome. 60. The brown bear approached the family in order to _______. A. catch shore birds C. protect the children B. start an attack D. set up a barrier for itself

61. The bear finally went away after it _______. A. felt safe C. found some food B. got injured D. took away the camera

62. The writer and his family survived mainly due to their ______ . A. pride C. calmness 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文叙述了作者一家被熊袭击的具体过程,告诉我们当危险来临的时候,保持 镇定是非常重要的。 60. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章 2,3 段 This one was silent and its ears pinned back---- the sign (迹象) of an animal that is going in for the kill. 和 I held my camera tripod (三脚架) in both hands to form a barrier as the bear rushed into me. 可知这只熊靠近我们就是为了向我们发动 袭击。故 B 正确。 61. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章最后一段第一行 Apparently satisfied that we caused no further threat, the bear moved off, destroying a fence as it went.可知它突然离开是因为它知道我们对它 B. patience D. cautiousness

没有威胁,它很安全。所有 A 正确。 62. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。推理题。根据文章最后一句 I’m proud that my family reminded clear-headed when panic could have led to a very different outcome.我很自豪当熊袭击我们的恐 慌本可以导致不同的结果的时候, 我的家人都保持清醒的头脑。 本句说明我的家人在遇见危 险的时候都很镇定。故 C 正确。 【长难句解析】 Apparently satisfied that we caused no further threat, the bear moved off, destroying a fence as it went. 【翻译】 很明显对于我们不会带来更大的威胁这一点很满意, 这只熊离开了, 当它走的时候, 还毁掉了一个篱笆。 【分析】本句中的形容词短语 satisfied that we caused no further threat 是对句子主语 the bear 的情况的说明。 Satisfied 后面的 that 引导的是一个宾语从句。另外后面的现在分词短语 destroying a fence as it went 在句中作为伴随状语。

三(2014 大纲卷) C One of the latest trend (趋势)in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that’s true all across the country. ―I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age‖ Joseph Stocke, the managing director of a company, says of his 2-year old son. ―I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future,‖ After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says. Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接 触) the language and culture(文化).‖ she says. ―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖ says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.‖ But parents must understand that

just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.‖ The popularity of au pairs from China has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 64. What does that term‖ au pair‖ in the text mean? A. A mother raising her children on her own B. A child learning a foreign language at home C. A professor in language education of children D. A young foreign woman taking care of children. 65. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______. A. to live in China some day C. to catch up wit other children B. to speak the language at home D. to learn about the Chinese culture

66. How can children learn a foreign language best according to Flynn? A. From their parents. C. From a native speaker. 67. What can we infer from the text? A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America, B. Educated woman do better in looking after children C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills. D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文告诉我们在美国现在有了一个新的趋势:为孩子找一个中国保姆。让孩子 接触到中文,了解中国文化。说明在美国学习中文越来越流行了。 1. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据 1,3,4 段 Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 和 had another reason for looking for an au pair from China.以及―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖可知‖ au pair‖是指来自中国的照顾孩子的年轻女性,她们承担这教育孩子中文 的任务。故 D 项正确。 B. By attending classes. D. By starting at an early age.

2. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据第三段后 3 行 She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.‖ she says. 可知她是一个中国人, 她和丈夫读希望自己的孩子那个接触到中文并了解中文的文化。 故D 正确。 3. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第一句 One of the latest trend(趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. 和最后一段 The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.可知美国人对于中文的学习的兴趣越来越大,为孩子寻找一个会讲中文保姆已经 成为了一个趋势。这些都说明学习中文变得很流行了。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. 【翻译】嫁给美国人的在明尼苏达抚养两个孩子的 Li Drake,有另外一个理由来寻找一个中 国保姆。 【分析】 本节中的 raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband 是一个现在分词 做定语来修饰前面的名词 a Chinese native。因为两者之间构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词 做定语。 2. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 【翻译】人们预料美国人对于中国保姆的的要求在接下来的几年里会继续增加。 【分析】本句中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的 that 引导的主语从句 that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.句中的动词 expect 表示―预料‖。

四(2014 大纲卷) E Which boy hasn’t dreamed of being a cool secret agent(特工)? The wonderful fighting and the world-saving adventures are much more colourful than most people’s everyday lives. Well, Cody

Banks is just like any other boy, except that he is not just dreaming. He has a big secret his friends never know about. He was trained to be a spy(间谍)by a special CIA programme, which was made to look like a summer camp. He learned high-speed driving, hand-to-hand fighting and the use of high-tech tools. After proving he could become a young hero by saving a baby from a runaway car, Banks gets his first real task. He must make friends with a popular girl at school, Natalie Connors. Then, he must spy on her father, a scientist who has developed a dangerous technology (技术) . Banks must stop a group of bad people from forcing Natalie’s father into using the technology to endanger the world. The CIA may have taught him first-class self-defence moves, but they didn’t show him how to talk to girls. Banks has zero ability when it comes to dealing with girls. How can he get around his problem and get an invitation to the girl’s upcoming birthday party? Will he finally become Natalie’s boyfriend and find out whatever he can about her father’s work? Agent Cody Banks has everything that young people are interested in: big explosions, breath-taking performances and funny girl-dating experiences. It was listed in No.2 in the American box office last week. ―This story is interesting and fun for the whole family to enjoy, and especially cool for young boys.‖ said Paul Perkins, a film reviewer in the US. 72. What is Bank’s first real task? A. To test a high-tech tool C. To study a new technology B. To save a baby from a car D. To watch a scientist secretly

73. Banks wanted to go to Natalie’s birthday party to ______. A. meet her father B. know more people C. make friends with her 74. What is considered as a great danger in the text? A. The technology developed by Natalie’s father B. An explosion set off by some bad people C. The CIA’s training of boys for its task D. Secret agents spying on scientists75. What is the purpose of the text? A. Making known the work of the CIA B. Telling the story about a cool boy D. steal some information

C. Showing the dark side of science 【考点】考察文化类阅读

D. Introducing a new film

【文章大意】本文介绍了一部新电影 Agent Cody Banks 的具体内容:一个男孩是 CIA 的间 谍,被派去执行一个秘密任务…;本文的目的是吸引更多的人去看这部电影。 72. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第二段 2,3 行 He must make friends with a popular girl at school, Natalie Connors. Then, he must spy on her father, a scientist who has developed a dangerous technology(技术)可知他的任务就是监视 Natalie Connors 的父亲。防止坏人利用他的技术 危害人类。故 D 正确。 73. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段 He must make friends with a popular girl at school, Natalie Connors. 和第三段 How can he get around his problem and get an invitation to the girl’s upcoming birthday party? Will he finally become Natalie’s boyfriend and find out whatever he can about her father’s work?可知她的任务就是和这个女孩成为朋友然后监视她的父亲,而女 孩的生日正是他的一个好机会。故 C 正确。 74. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第二段 2,3 行 Then, he must spy on her father, a scientist who has developed a dangerous technology(技术). Banks must stop a group of bad people from forcing Natalie’s father into using the technology to endanger the world.可知 Natalie Connors 的父亲掌 握的那项技术对于全世界人来说都是很危险的技术。故 A 正确。 75. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章倒数第二段 Agent Cody Banks has everything that young people are interested in: big explosions, breath-taking performances and funny girl-dating experiences. It was listed in No.2 in the American box office last week. 可知本文是一则电影的预告短文,告诉我们一部新电影的具体内容。故 D 正确。 【长难句解析】 Will he finally become Natalie’s boyfriend and find out whatever he can about her father’s work? 【翻译】他最终会成为 Natalie 的男朋友并找到他能够找到的关于她父亲的工作的所有信息 吗? 【分析】本句中有一个宾语从句 whatever he can about her father’s work,在这个宾语从句中

承前省略了 find out,而且这个宾语从句是由―特殊疑问词+ever‖构成的,该结构既可以引导 名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从句。

五(2014 福建卷) B Walt Disney is credited for creating such wonderful things as Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse. However, he cannot take the credit for creating other well-loved characters, such as Cinderella and Snow White. They are almost automatically associated with Disney because Disney turned old fables(寓言) into cartoon movies. The original Cinderella varies very much from the Disney version we know today. It started off with the girl mourning her mother’s death and going to her tomb three times a day. In addition, there were only birds that helped Cinderella; there was no such thing as a fairy godmother or helpful mice, nor was there mention of a horse and carriage. The stepsisters were cruel: they always threw Cinderella’s food into the ashes of the fire and made her sleep on the ashes on the floor, hence(因此)her name. In the original story, the king’s ball actually lasted for three days. With the help of the birds, the girl, beautifully dressed, danced with the prince on all three nights and the prince fell in love with her. However, she broke away from him to rush back home each night. On the last night, the prince placed soothing sticky on the stairs; as Cinderella made her escape, a shoe got stuck on it. Here now is where the story becomes unpleasant: when the prince went to the house looking for the girl whose foot fit the shoe, the wicked(邪恶的) stepmother told one of her two daughters to cut off her big toe to fit into the shoe. The daughter did as told. So the prince took her away to be his bride. But when they passed the tomb of Cinderella’s mother, the birds called out to the prince, “Turn and peep, there’s blood in the shoe; the shoe is too small, the true bride waits for you.” Realizing he had been tricked, the prince returned the daughter to her mother. The other then had to cut off part of her heel in order to fit into the shoe, with the same result. Only Cinderella’s foot fit perfectly and so the prince chose to marry her. The story ends with the wedding day: as Cinderella’s two stepsisters followed her, pretending to be devoted to her so that they could enjoy the king’s riches, two birds flew by and plucked(啄) out their eyes. Because of their wickedness

and falsehood, they had to spend the rest of their days blind. The original Cinderella is so different from the Disney version. Thank goodness Disney made such changes; it indeed was a wise move. 60. What dose the underlined word ―They‖ in the first paragraph refer to? A. Such wonderful things. B. Other well-loved characters. C. Old fables. D. Cartoon movies. 61. How did Cinderella get her name? A. The Birds came up with it. B. It was given by Disney. C. It came from the word ―ash‖. D. She got it from her mother. 62. Which of the following is TRUE according to the original story? A. Helpful mice got Cinderella a beautiful dress. B. The ball was held to celebrate the prince’s wedding. C. Cinderella left her shoe on the stairs on purpose. D. The birds told the prince that he had been cheated. 63. The moral of the original story is that ____________. A. a wicked person cannot escape punishment. B. a devoted person certainly deserves respect. C. a well-behaved child earns a great reward. D. a dishonest child cannot get mother love. 64. What does the author think of the Disney version? A. Excellent. B. Ordinary C. Dull. D. Ridiculous. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文告诉我们《灰姑娘》的原版内容和迪斯尼的版本不一样,文章解释了原版 的具体内容。 60. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据划线句子前一句 However, he cannot take the credit for creating other

well-loved characters, such as Cinderella and Snow White.可知 They are almost automatically… 的 thay 就是指前面一句中的 other well-loved characters 广受人们喜爱的人物。故 B 正确。 61. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第三段 The stepsisters were cruel: they always threw Cinderella’s food into the ashes of the fire and made her sleep on the ashes on the floor, hence (因此) her name. 可知正是因为她们把 Cinderella 的食物扔进了灰烬,并让他在灰烬上睡觉,属于 Cinderella 才会得到这样的一个名字。故 C 正确。 62. 【答案】D 【试题解析】细节题。根据 But when they passed the tomb of Cinderella’s mother, the birds called out to the prince,―Turn and peep, there’s blood in the shoe;the shoe is too small, the true bride waits for you.‖可知是小鸟告诉王子他被骗了。故 D 正确。 63. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据倒数第二段最后 2 行 two birds flew by and plucked(啄) out their eyes. Because of their wickedness and falsehood, they had to spend the rest of their days blind.在《水晶 鞋与玫瑰花》的原版中更多的是强调恶人有恶报。故 A 正确。 64. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章最后一段 The original Cinderella is so different from the Disney version. Thank goodness Disney made such changes; it indeed was a wise move.可知原版的《灰 姑娘》和迪斯尼版的完全不一样,迪斯尼版虽然有了很多改变,不过还不错。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.Realizing he had been tricked, the prince returned the daughter to her mother. 【翻译】意识到自己被欺骗了,王子又把这个女儿还给了她的母亲。 【分析】本句中的现在分词短语 Realizing he had been tricked 在句中充当状语,因为动词 realize 与句子主语 the prince 构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词在句中做状语。 2. The story ends with the wedding day: as Cinderella’s two stepsisters followed her, pretending to be devoted to her so that they could enjoy the king’s riches, two birds flew by and plucked(啄) out their eyes. 【翻译】故事在婚礼那一天结束了:当 Cinderella 的两个姐姐跟着她,假装很爱她目的在于 他们可以获得国王的财富,两只鸟儿飞过来,啄瞎了他们的眼睛。 【分析】本句中的现在分词短语 pretending to be devoted to her 在句中做伴随状语,so that….

引导的是一个目的状语从句:为了获得国王的财富。

六(2014 福建卷) D Perhaps you think you could easily add to your happiness with more money. Strange as it may seem, if you're unsatisfied, the issue is not a lack of means to meet your desires but a lack of desires—not that you cannot satisfy your tastes but that you don't have enough tastes. Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities (能力) to enjoy life. Most

people are already swamped(淹没) with things. They eat, wear, go and talk too much. They live in too big a house with too many rooms, yet their house of life is a hut. Your house of life ought to be a mansion (豪宅) , a royal palace. Every new taste, every additional interest, every fresh enthusiasm adds a room. life should have. Art should be a desire for you to develop simply because the world is full of beautiful things. If you only understood how to enjoy them and feed your spirit on them, they would make you as happy as to find plenty of ham and eggs when you're hungry. Literature, classic literature, is a beautiful, richly furnished room where you might find many an hour of rest and refreshment. To gain that love would go toward making you a rich person, for a rich person is not someone who has a library but who likes a library. Music like Mozart's and Bach's shouldn't be absent. Real riches are of the spirit. And when you've brought that spirit up to where classical music feeds it and makes you a little drunk, you have increased your thrills and bettered them. And life is a matter of thrills. Sports, without which you remain poor, mean a lot in life. No matter who you are, you would be more human, and your house of life would be better supported against the had days, if you could, and did, play a bit. Whatever rooms you might add to your house of life, the secret of enjoying life is to keep adding. 68. The author intends to tell us that____________. A. true happiness lies in achieving wealth by fair means B. big houses are people's most valued possessions Here are several rooms your house of

C. big houses can in a sense bring richness of life D. true happiness comes from spiritual riches 69. The underlined sentence in the second paragraph probably implies that__________. A. however materially rich, they never seem to be satisfied B. however materially rich, they remain spiritually poor C. though their house is big, they prefer a simple life D. though their house is big, it seems to be a cage 70. It can be learned from the passage that __________. A. more money brings more happiness B. art is needed to make your house beautiful C. literature can enrich your spiritual life D. sports contribute mainly to your physical fitness 71. What would be the best title for the passage? A. House of Life C. Rest and Refreshment 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】很多人物质上非常丰富,住豪宅,享美食。但是他们真正幸福吗?他们的内心 生活的房子又是如何呢?作者在文章里告诉我们,要想得到内心的幸福,需要了解艺术,文 学,音乐等等不同的内容来丰富我们的内心世界。 68. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章 4,5,6,7 段第一句 Art should be a desire for you 和 Literature, classic literature, is a beautiful, richly furnished room 和 Music like Mozart's and Bach's shouldn't be absent.和 Sports, without which you remain poor, mean a lot in life.真正幸福的人需要懂或者 拥有:艺术,文学,音乐和运动等,而这些主要是与我们精神上的丰富有关系的。也就是说 真正的幸福是精神上的富有。故 D 正确。 69. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据本句 h. They live in too big a house with too many rooms, yet their house of life is a hut.很多人住的是豪宅,但是他内心里的生命的住所是一个小棚屋。也就是 说无论他物质上多么富有,但是内心的精神世界是贫穷的。故 B 正确。 70. 【答案】C B. Secret of Wealth D. Interest and Enthusiasm

【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第五段 Literature, classic literature, is a beautiful, richly furnished room where you might find many an hour of rest and refreshment.文学可以让我们的心 灵得到丰富,在那里你可以得到心灵的安宁。故 C 正确。 71. 【答案】A 【试题解析】主旨大意题。现实生活里很多人物质上非常丰富,住豪宅,享美食。但是他们 真正幸福吗?他们的内心生活的房子又是如何呢?作者在文章里告诉我们, 要想得到内心的 幸福,需要了解艺术,文学,音乐等等不同的内容来丰富我们的内心世界。A 项中 House of Life 涵盖了这些内容。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 Strange as it may seem, if you're unsatisfied, the issue is not a lack of means to meet your desires but a lack of desires—not that you cannot satisfy your tastes but that you don't have enough tastes. 【翻译】尽管这听起来很奇怪,但是如果你不满意,问题不是缺少满足你的欲望的方法,而 是你根本就没有欲望,不是你无法满足你的品味,而是你根本就没有品味。 【分析】本句中的 Strange as it may seem 是一个形式倒装,陈述语序是 Though it may seem strange, ….;另外后面主句的表语是由 not…but…组成的并列结构。

七(2014 广东卷) B It was a cold winter day. A woman drove up to the Rainbow Bridge tollbooth (收费站). ―I’m paying for myself, and for the six cars behind me,‖ she said with a smile, handing over seven tickets. One after another, the next six drivers arriving at the tollbooth were informed, ―Some lady up ahead already paid your fare.‖ It turned out that the woman, Natalie Smith, had read something on a friend’s refrigerator: ―Practice random kindness and senseless acts of beauty.‖ The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down. Judy Foreman spotted the same phrase on a warehouse wall far away from home. When it stayed on her mind for days, she gave up and drove all the way back to copy it down. ―I thought it was beautiful,‖ she said, explaining why she’d taken to writing it at the bottom of all her letters, ―like a message from above.‖ Her husband, Frank, liked the phrase so much that he put it up on the classroom wall for his students, one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news

reporter. Alice put it in the newspaper, admitting that though she liked it, she didn’t know where it came from or what it really meant. Two days later, Alice got a call from Anne Herbert, a woman living in Marin. It was in a restaurant that Anne wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper, after turning it around in her mind for days. ―Here’s the idea,‖ Anne says. ―Anything you think there should be more of, do it randomly.‖ Her fantasies include painting the classrooms of shabby schools, leaving hot meals on kitchen tables in the poor part of town, and giving money secretly to a proud old lady. Anne says, ―Kindness can build on itself as much as violence can.‖ The acts of random kindness spread. If you were one of those drivers who found your fare paid, who knows what you might have been inspired to do for someone else later. Like all great events, kindness begins slowly, with every single act. Let it be yours! 31. Why did Natalie Smith pay for the six cars behind her? A. She knew the car drivers well. B. She wanted to show kindness. C. She hoped to please others. D. She had seven tickets. 32. Judy Foreman copied down the phrase because she . A. thought it was beautifully written B. wanted to know what it really meant C. decided to write it on a warehouse wall D. wanted her husband to put it up in the classroom 33. Who came up with the phrase according to the passage? A. Judy Foreman. B. Natalie Smith. C. Alice Johnson. D. Anne Herbert. 34. Which of the following statements is closest in the meaning to the underlined sentence above? A. Kindness and violence can change the world. B. Kindness and violence can affect one’s behavior.

C. Kindness and violence can reproduce themselves. D. Kindness and violence can shape one’s character. 35. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. People should practice random kindness to those in need. B. People who receive kindness are likely to offer it to others. C. People should practice random kindness to strangers they meet. D. People who receive kindness are likely to pay it back to the giver. 【考点】考察教育类阅读 【文章大意】作者在本文中通过讲述―随心随意求美,无来无由行善‖这句话的由来,告诉我 们要多行善,让善良的行为传播。 31.【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段―Practice random kindness and senseless acts of beauty.‖ The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down 可知这句话―随心随意求美,无来无 由行善‖给她留下了深刻的印象。所以她要多行善。她才会为后面的 6 辆车缴费,也算是一 种行善吧!故 B 正确。 32. 【答案】A 【试题解析】细节题。根据第三段的二句 When it stayed on her mind for days, she gave up and drove all the way back to copy it down. ―I thought it was beautiful,‖可知她走了几天以后,还开 车回去把这句话记了下来是因为:她认为这句话很美。故 A 正确。 33. 【答案】D 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第四段第二句 It was in a restaurant that Anne wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper, after turning it around in her mind for days.可知这句话在 Ann 的脑海 里好几天了,所以她就把她下了下来。说明这句话是 Anne Herbert.想出来的。故 D 正确。 34. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据本句―Kindness can build on itself as much as violence can.‖ 本句是 一个省略句:Kindness can build on itself as much as violence can build on itself。再根据最后一 段第一句 The acts of random kindness spread.可知善良和暴力都是可以传播的。 所以 C 项符合 上下文,也就是号召我们要多做善事,让善良的行为传播得更远。 35. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据最后一段 1,2 行 The acts of random kindness spread. If you were one

of those drivers who found your fare paid, who knows what you might have been inspired to do for someone else later.可知善良是可以传播的。 如果作为司机的你发现有人帮你付了费用, 你 也要想着为别人做一些好事情。让善良的行为得以传播。故 B 正确。 【长难句解析】 Her husband, Frank, liked the phrase so much that he put it up on the classroom wall for his students, one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news reporter. 【翻译】她的丈夫 Frank 非常中这句话,就把它贴在教室的墙上,让他的学生看,其中一个 学生省略当地一个记者 Alice Johnson 的女儿。 【分析】本句主句中有一个 so…thta…的固定句式:如此…以至于…;that 引导的是一个结 果状语从句。另外后面含有一个定语从句 one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news reporter 修饰先行词 Alice Johnson。

八(2014 广东卷) C Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future but with no real idea of what I wanted to do. My degree, with honors, in English literature had not really prepared me for anything practical. I knew I wanted to make a difference in the world somehow, but I had no idea how to do that. That’s when I learned about the Lighthouse Project. I started my journey as a Lighthouse Project volunteer by reading as much as I could about the experiences of previous volunteers. I knew it would be a lot of hard work, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time. In short, I did not take my decision to apply for the Lighthouse Project lightly. Neither did my family. Eventually, however, I won the support of my family, and I sent in all the paperwork needed for the application. After countless interviews and presentations, I managed to stand out among the candidates and survive the test alone. Several months later, I finally received a call asking me to report for the duty. I would be going to a small village near Abuja, Nigeria. Where? What? Nigeria? I had no idea. But I was about to find out. After completing my training, I was sent to the village that was small and desperately in need of proper accommodation. Though the local villagers were poor, they offered their homes, hearts, and food as if I were their own family. I was asked to lead a small team of local people in building

a new schoolhouse. For the next year or so, I taught in that same schoolhouse. But I sometimes think I learned more from my students than they did from me. Sometime during that period, I realized that all those things that had seemed so strange or unusual to me no longer did, though I did not get anywhere with the local language, and returned to the United States a different man. The Lighthouse Project had changed my life forever. 36. What do we know about the author? A. His university education focused on the theoretical knowledge. B. His dream at university was to become a volunteer. C. He took pride in having contributed to the world. D. He felt honored to study English literature. 37. According to the Paragraph 2, it is most likely that the author A. discussed his decision with his family. B. asked previous volunteers about voluntary work C. attended special training to perform difficult tasks D. felt sad about having to leave his family and friends 38. In his application for the volunteer job, the author A. participated in many discussions B. went through challenging survival tests C. wrote quite a few paper on voluntary work D. faced strong competition from other candidates 39. On arrival at the village, the author was A. asked to lead a farming team B. sent to teach in a schoolhouse C. received warmly by local villagers D. arranged to live in a separate house. 40. What can we infer from the author’s experiences in Nigeria? A. He found some difficulty adapting to the local culture B. He had learned to communicate in the local language. C. He had overcome all his weaknesses before he left for home. D. He was chosen as the most respectable teacher by his students.

【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】在本文中作者通过叙述自己经过重重选拔成为了 the Lighthouse Project.的志愿 者,并叙述了自己在尼日利亚的工作。 36. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第一段第二句 My degree, with honors, in English literature had not really prepared me for anything practical.作者的大学学位是英国文学,没有让我学习任何 实用性的东西。也就是说在大学里我学的都是理论性的东西,故 A 项正确。 37. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段第二句. I knew it would be a lot of hard work, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time.可知这会是很艰难工作, 而且我 得远离家人和朋友很长一段时间。所以应该感觉很难受。故 D 正确。 38. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第三段 1,2 行 I sent in all the paperwork needed for the application. After countless interviews and presentations, I managed to stand out among the candidates and survive the test alone 在经过了数不清的面试之后我才被选中。 可知为了这个工 作,我面临着很强烈的竞争。故 D 正确。 39. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第四段第二句 Though the local villagers were poor, they offered their homes, hearts, and food as if I were their own family.虽然村子很穷,但是人们给了我他们 的食物,他们的心等。说明我受到了他们真心的欢迎。故 C 正确。 40. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章最后一段 though I did not get anywhere with the local language, and returned to the United States a different man.可知由于当地的语言,我并没有去很多地方。 说明我还没有融入当地的文化。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future but with no real idea of what I wanted to do. 【翻译】很很多新的毕业生一样,我离开你大学的时候充满了希望,但是并不知道自己真正 想要做什么。 【分析】本句中的介词短语 with no real idea of what I wanted to do 作为伴随状语,介词 of 的

后面含有一个宾语从句 what I wanted to do.,what 既是这个宾语从句的引导词,也作为动词 do 的宾语。

九(2014 湖北卷) A Before I had my son, I spent two years working with children with disabilities. I learned that shouting and threats of punishment would result in a disaster. Coming up against their behaviour could only make the job harder and their behaviour more extreme. I found something that worked, though. There was a very naughty boy in the nursery and a teacher who was generally very confident with the children was asked to take charge of him. One day the boy joined a session in the room next to mine. His appearance created an atmosphere of tension. He spent the entire session running around, hitting and kicking, and destroying property. I was in the craft room working with some other children when my co-worker told me that this boy’s teacher was in tears, and could not get control of the situation. As we were talking, the boy ran in. I told my co-worker that I would take care of him. I closed the door. He was full of energy, throwing things around and making a huge mess. But I could see that he was doing all these to annoy me. He needed connection, and this was the only way he knew how to ask for it. So I sat back down and kept quiet. Then he slowed down and began making a rocket. I talked to him about it. We continued like this for a few minutes before I slipped into the conversation: ―So what happened today?‖ It was purely a question, no blame or anger in my tone. I believe that if I had criticized him, the gate that was slowly opening would have shut firmly closed. He told me that the teacher didn’t let him do what he knew well due to safety but asked him to do what he disliked. He also admitted that he had enjoyed making her run around and saw it as a game. I explained that his teacher had not seen it as a game and was very upset. This again was stated simply as a fact. I suggested that next time he had a session, he talk about what he hoped to do at the start, which might be easier for everyone. He agreed and was quiet for a moment. Then he looked at me with tears in his eyes before quietly asking if he could go to find his teacher to apologize. 51. The boy made trouble for his teacher because he ______.

A. was accused of destroying property B. was told not to yell at other children C. was made to do things against his will D. was blamed for creating an air of tension 52. Why didn’t the author do anything about the boy’s bad behavior at first? A. She didn’t want to make it worse. B. She didn’t mind the huge mess at all. C. She was tired of shouting and threats. D. She hadn’t thought of a coping strategy. 53. The author managed to get the boy to talk to her by ______. A. playing games with him B. giving him a good suggestion C. describing his teacher’s feelings D. avoiding making critical remarks 54. Why did the boy have tears in his eyes in the end? A. He was sorry about his reputation. B. He was regretful about his behavior. C. He was fearful of the author’s warning. D. He was sad for the author’s misunderstanding. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】 作者在本文中通过教育一个小男孩, 让他认识到自己的错误告诉我们人与人之 间需要的是沟通和理解。只有正确的沟通和理解才可以解决一切的问题。 51. 【答案】C 细节题。根据文章最后一段 2,3 行 He told me that the teacher didn’t let him do what he knew well due to safety but asked him to do what he disliked.他告诉我们老师没有让他 做他喜欢的事情,反而让他做了他不喜欢的事情。这才是他捣乱的原因。故 C 正确。 52. 【答案】A 推理题。根据文章第四段 2,3,4 行 But I could see that he was doing all these to annoy me. He needed connection, and this was the only way he knew how to ask for it. So I sat back down and kept quiet. Then he slowed down and began making a rocket.我知道他捣乱是想 激怒我。实际上他需要沟通。如果我在不了解情况下立刻采取措施,可能会让事情更糟糕, 所以我很冷静。故 A 正确。 53. 【答案】D 推理题。根据最后一段 1,2 行 It was purely a question, no blame or anger in my

tone. I believe that if I had criticized him, the gate that was slowly opening would have shut firmly closed 如果我批评他,那么他对我打开的那扇门就又要关闭上了。说明作者在和他沟通的时 候,避免使用批评的语气。故 D 正确。 54. 【答案】B 推理题。根据文章最后一句 Then he looked at me with tears in his eyes before quietly asking if he could go to find his teacher to apologize.他问我是否可以向老师道歉,说明 他已经意识到自己的错误了。对于自己所犯的错误他很后悔遗憾,所以 B 项正确。【长难 句解析】 1. Coming up against their behavior could only make the job harder and their behavior more extreme. I found something that worked, though. 【翻译】违反他们行为的做法只会让这份工作更困难,让他们的行为更极端。然而,我找到 了一些真正起作用的事情。 【分析】第一句中的动名词短语 Coming up against their behavior 在句中充当主语,make the job harder 中的形容词 harder 是形容词在句中充当宾语补足语。 第二句中的 though 是副词―然 而‖,在句中做状语,表示转折。 2. I believe that if I had criticized him, the gate that was slowly opening would have shut firmly closed. 【翻译】我认为如果我之前批评他,刚刚慢慢打开的门会坚定地被关上。 【分析】 本句中的动词 believe 后面是一个 that 引导的宾语从句 that if I had criticized him, the gate that was slowly opening would have shut firmly closed。因为这个宾语从句中有 if 引导的 条件句,所以 that 是不能省略的。if I had criticized him 这是宾语从句中的一个条件句。

十(2014 湖南卷) B In the mid-1950s, I was a somewhat bored early-adolescent male student who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort. One day, this approach threw me into embarrassment In Mrs. Totten’s eighth-grade math class at Central Avenue School in Anderson, Indiana, we were learning to add and subtract decimals (小数). Our teacher typically assigned daily homework, which would be recited in class the following day. On most days, our grades were based on our oral answer to homework questions. Mrs. Totten usually walked up and down the rows of desks requesting answers from student after

student in the order the questions had appeared on our homework sheets. She would start either at thefront or the back of the classroom and walk toward the other end. Since I was seated near the middle of about 35 students, it was easy to figure out which questions I might have to answer. This particular time, I had completed my usual two or three problems according to my calculations. What I failed to expect was that several students were absent, which threw off my estimate. As Mrs. Totten made her way from the beginning of the class,I desperately tried to determine which math problem I would get. I tried to work it out before she got to me, but I had brain freeze and couldn’t function. When Mrs. Totten reached my desk,she asked what answer I’d got for problem No. 14. ―I…I didn’t get anything,‖ I answered,and my face felt warm. ―Correct,‖she said. It turned out that the correct answer was zero. What did I learn that day? First, always do all your homework. Second, in real life it isn’t always what you say but how you say it that matters. Third,I would never make it as a mathematician. If I could choose one school day that taught me the most, it would be that one. 61. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 indicate? A. B. C. D. It is wise to value one’s time. It is important to make an effort It is right to stick to one’s belief. It is enough to do the necessary.

62. Usually, Mrs. Totten asked her students to _______. A. recite their homework together B. C. D. grade their homework themselves answer their homework questions orally check the answers to their homework questions

63. The author could work out which questions to answer since the teacher always _______. A. B. C. asked questions in a regular way walked up and down when asking questions chose two or three questions for the students

D.

requested her students to finish their usual questions

64. The author failed to get the questions he had expected because _______. A. B. C. D. the class didn’t begin as usual several students didn’t come to school he didn’t try hard to make his estimate Mrs. Totten didn’t start from the back of the class

65. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. B. C. D. An Unforgettable Teacher A Future Mathematician An Effective Approach A Valuable Lesson

【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】 本文在本文中叙述了自己在小时候总是认为不必要的事情不需要做, 所以我会 根据老师提问的规律来算着老师会提问自己的问题。 但是一次数学课上老师提问的让我知道 了很多事情都是我们必须做的,因为我们无法预料到会发生什么样的事情。 61. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据本句 In the mid-1950s, I was a somewhat bored early-adolescent male student who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort.可知我是一个不太爱 学习的男学生, 认为超过必要的事情都是浪费我的时间和精力。 所以我不愿意去做一些我自 己认为不必要的事情。故 D 正确。 62. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第三段 2,3 行 Mrs. Totten usually walked up and down the rows of desks requesting answers from student after student in the order the questions had appeared on our homework sheets.可知 Mrs. Totten 通常都是在班级里的过道里走来走去, 让学生来回答家 庭作业,得出答案。 63. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章 3,4 段 She would start either at thefront or the back of the classroom and walk toward the other end.和 Since I was seated near the middle of about 35 students, it was easy to figure out which questions I might have to answer.可知老师经常从前面 走到后面,或者从后面走到前面。我摸到了老师提问的规律,所以我可以根据自己的位置判

断出自己应该回答的题目。故 A 正确。 64. 【答案】B 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第 6 段第一行 What I failed to expect was that several students were absent, which threw off my estimate.可知这次我没有预料到有几个同学缺席, 没有来上课 我搞不清楚自己应该回答哪一个问题了。故 B 正确。 65. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 主旨大意题。 本文在本文中叙述了自己在小时候总是认为不必要的事情不需要 做, 所以我会根据老师提问的规律来算着老师会提问自己的问题。 但是一次数学课上老师提 问的让我知道了很多事情都是我们必须做的, 因为我们无法预料到会发生什么样的事情。 这 节课给了我一个很有价值的教训,故 D 项符合文章大意。 【长难句解析】 1.In the mid-1950s, I was a somewhat bored early-adolescent male student who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort. 【翻译】在 20 世纪 50 年代中叶,我是一个有些厌世的无聊的年轻学生,认为做那些不必要 的事情是浪费时间。 【分析】 本句中含有一个定语从句 who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort 解释先行词 student 的内容。同时划线句子的主语是动名词短语 doing any more than necessary,单个的动名词做主语,谓语动词要使用单数形式。 2. Second, in real life it isn’t always what you say but how you say it that matters. 【翻译】第二,在真正的生活中,重要的不总是你说的内容,而是你说话的方式。 【分析】本句是一个强调句型,强调的是主语 not what you say but how you say it;这个主语 是由 not…but…这个并列结构引起的。强调句的结构 It is/was+被强调部分+that+句子的其他 成分,如果被强调的部分是人,可以用 who 代替 that。具体是用 is 还是 was,要根据具体 的时态确定。强调句的用法及判断,一般说来,如果把句子中的 It is/was…that 去掉,稍加 调整语序, 能还原成完整的句子, 并且句子意思依然完整, 则为强调句型, 否则为其他从句, 我们应熟记这些基本规则。

十一(2014 江西卷) D Everyone looks forward to progress, whether in one’s personal life or in the general society.

Progress indicates a person’s ability to change the way he is living at the moment. Progress must lead a better way of doing things.All these, however, remains true only in so far as people want to accept technology and move forward by finding new and more efficient ways of doing things. However,at the back of the minds of many people,especially those who the ―good old days‖, efficiency comes with a price. When communication becomes efficient,people are able to contact one another no matter where they are and at whatever time they wish to.The click of a button allows people miles apart to talk or to see each other without even leaving their homes. With the communication gadgets, such as mobile phones and ipads, people often do not take the effort to visit one another personally.A personal visit carries with the additional feature of having to be in the person’s presence for as long as the visit lasts. We cannot unnecessarily excuse ourselves or turn the other person off. With efficiency also comes mass production.Such is the nature of factories and the success of industrialization today.Factories have improved efficiency. Unskillful tasks are left to machines and products are better made and and produced with greater accuracy than any human hand could ever have done. However, with the improvements in efficiency also comes the loss of the personal Touch when making these products. For example, many handcrafts(手工艺品) are now produced in a factory. Although this means that supply is better able to increase demand, now that the supply is quick and efficient, the demand might fall because mass production lowers the quality of the handicraft and it is difficult to find unique designs on each item. Nevertheless, we must not commit the mistake of analyzing progress only from one point of view. In fact, progress has allowed tradition to keep up. It is only with progress and the invention of new technology that many old products can be brought back to their old state. New technology is required for old products to stay old. It is people’s attitude towards progress that causes the type of influence that technology has on society. Technology is flexible. There is no fixed way of making use of it. Everything depends on people’s attitude. The worst effects of progress will fall on those who are unable to rethink their attitudes and views of society. When we accept progress and adapt it to suit our needs, a new ―past‖ is created. 70. According to Paragraph 1, progress can benefit people when they are willing to _______.

A. live a better life C. change ways of living

B. look for better methods D. accept technology and advance steadily

71. The underlined word ―gadgets‖ is closest in meaning to _______. A. tools B. messages C. barriers D. skills

72. The author explains ―efficiency comes with a price‖ by _______. A. describing a process C. following time order B. using examples D. making classification

73. Compared with home-made handicrafts, machine- made products _______. A. lack great accuracy C. are of high value B. lack the personal touch D. are quite welcome

74. What can be learned about technology from Paragraph 4? A. It can destroy old traditions. C. It can be used to correct mistakes. B. It can lead to social progress. D. It can be used to preserve old products.

75. What can be concluded from the last paragraph? A. Progress can suit the needs of daily life. B. People review the past with great regret. C. Technology should be introduced in a fixed way. D. People’s attitude decides the use of technology. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】 新技术的出现给我们的生活和社会带来很大的影响, 有积极的方面也有消极的 方面。但是真正决定技术是否能够影响人类的生活,取决于人们对待技术的态度。 69.【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据第一段 3,4 句 All these, however, remains true only in so far as people want to accept technology and move forward by finding new and more efficient ways of doing things.可知只要人们想要接受新的技术并且继续努力向前找到做事的更好的更高效的方法, 那么技术的进步是可以给我们带来很多的好处的。故 D 项正确。 70.【答案】A 【试题解析】猜测词义题。根据本句 With the communication gadgets, such as mobile phones and ipads 关键是横线后面的 mobile phones and ipads,这些都是人们经常使用的交流工具, 所以该词表示的是 A 项含义。故 A 正确。

71.【答案】B 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据横线下面 3 行 When communication becomes efficient,people are able to contact one another no matter where they are and at whatever time they wish to.The click of a button allows people miles apart to talk or to see each other without even leaving their homes.当 沟通变得高效的时候,不管人们在那里,我们都可以进行有效地沟通。轻轻点按钮就能喝别 人进行沟通。说明作者是通过具体的例子来说明―efficiency comes with a price‖。故 B 正确。 72.【答案】B 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第三段 3,4 行 However, with the improvements in efficiency also comes the loss of the personal touch when making these products.可知技术进步以后,生产出来 的产品缺乏 the personal touch。故 B 正确。 73.【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据倒数第二段最后 2 行 It is only with progress and the invention of new technology that many old products can be brought back to their old state. New technology is required for old products to stay old.可知使用最新的技术可以把很多旧的东西弄旧到原来的 状态,也可以使用新技术来保存就产品。故 D 正确。 74.【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据本段第一句 It is people’s attitude towards progress that causes the type of influence that technology has on society.和第三句 Everything depends on people’s attitude 可知人们对于进步的态度导致了技术是否能够对社会产生很多的影响,一切都取决 于人们的态度。故 D 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.Everyone looks forward to progress, whether in one’s personal life or in the general society. 【翻译】无论是在个人生活孩子在社会中,每个人都期待着进步。 【分析】本句含有一个特殊的让步状语从句 whether in one’s personal life or in the general society.,其中的连词 whether…or…―不管…还是…‖其中的 whether 并不是平时表示―如果, 是否‖的含义。 2. It is people’s attitude towards progress that causes the type of influence that technology has on society. 【翻译】是人们对待的态度导致技术对社会的影响的类型。 【分析】本句中有一个强调句型,强调的是句子的主语 people’s attitude towards progress;另

外本句中还有一个定语从句 that technology has on society.修饰先行词 influence。

十二(2014 辽宁卷) B (Q = Question; A = Answer) Situation I Q: If someone sits right next to me in an empty movie theater, is it rude to move? A: Maybe, but nobody will fault you for it. Chances are that the close sitter doesn’t realize he disturbs you, so he may miss your annoyance. You undoubtedly aren’t the first person he’s met who needs enough room. Forgive his bad judgment, move quietly and enjoy the show. Situation II Q: If 1 use the bathroom at a store, do I need to buy something? A: Consider frequency and urgency. Is this a one-time thing or an emergency? If so, you don’t have to buy anything, but it would be kind if you did. However, if you regularly use the bathroom at this place, then you arc a customer, and you should act like one. Situation III Q: If someone is talking loudly on the bus, is there a nicc way to ask him to keep it down? A: No. Try other means: 1) Stare at him until he gets aware of it and quiets down. 2) Lift your finger in a silence motion(动作) and smile. 3) Put on earphones and ignore him. Situation IV Q: If I remember my friend’s birthday a day late, should I apologize or just wish her a happy birthday like nothing happened? A: This is the reason why the word belated was invented. ―Happy belated birthday!‖ is short for: ―Well. I know I forgot, but then I remembered. Forgive me and happy birthday.‖ Situation V Q: Can I lie about seeing a text because I was loo busy or lazy to respond to it? A: Don’t lie. Receiving a text does not mean you need to respond(回复) to it. Why waste a perfectly good lie when the truth will serve? ―Yes,‖ you can say if ever asked, ―I saw it.‖ No explanation is needed as to why you don’t respond. 25. You will get annoyed in a theater when __ .

A. B. C. D.

a person is too active a person is too rude to you a person talks too loudly a person sits too close to you

26. How will you quiet someone down in a public place? A. B. C. D. By making fun of him continuously. By looking purposefully at him. By talking to him directly. By pointing angrily at him. .

27. The underlined word ―belated‖ in Situation IV probably means A. prcdictcd B. returned C. cancelled D. delayed

28. What is the passage mainly about? A. B. C. D. Modern ways to mind your manners. Different ways to change others’ manners. Proper manners to offer help to others. Good manners to talk to people.

【考点】考察教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文中列举了在 5 种不同的情况下,如何表现得有礼貌的方法。 25. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据 Situation I 中的 Q: If someone sits right next to me in an empty movie theater, is it rude to move?A: Maybe, but nobody will fault you for it. Chances are that the close sitter doesn’t realize he disturbs you。可知在电影院里,如果有人坐得理你太近,这也许会是 一件让人恼怒的事情。故 D 正确。 26. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据 Situation III 中的 Stare at him until he gets aware of it and quiets down 可知如果一个人讲话声音太大,你可以瞪着他看,直到他意识到为止。故 B 正确。 27. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 猜测词义题。 根据 Situation IV 中 If I remember my friend’s birthday a day late, 和 This is the reason why the word belated was invented.可知这是在你忘记了对方的生日之后的 补救措施。故该词应该是指―delayed‖迟到的,晚来的。故 D 正确。

28. 【答案】A 【试题解析】主旨大意题。本文中列举了在 5 种不同的情况下,如何表现得有礼貌的方法。 故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 Chances are that the close sitter doesn’t realize he disturbs you, so he may miss your annoyance. 【翻译】 很有可能那个坐得较为靠近的人并没有意识到你打扰到你了, 所以他可能没有注意 到你生气了。 【分析】本句中有一个固定句式 chances are that…很可能…;另外动词 realize 后面含有一个 宾语从句 he disturbs you。 十三(2014 辽宁卷) D Travis is the manager of G&G where he is responsible for forty employees (雇员) and profits (利润) of over $2 million per year. He’s never late to work. He does not get upset on the job. When one of his employees started crying after a customer screamed at her, Travis took her away. ―Your working uniform is your shelter,‖ he told her. ―Nothing anyone says will ever hurt you. You will always be as strong as you want to be.‖ Travis picked up that lecture in one of his G&G training courses, an education program that began on his first day and continues throughout an employee’s occupation. The training has, Travis says, changed his life. G&G has taught him how to live, how to focus, how to get to work on time, and how to master his emotions(情绪). him willpower. At the center of that education is an extreme focus on an all-important habit: willpower. Dozens of cases show that willpower is the single most important habit for a person s success. And the best way to strengthen willpower is to make it into a habit. ―Sometimes it looks like people with great self-control aren’t working hard—but that’s because they’ve made it automatic,‖ Angela Duckworth, one of the University of Pennsylvania researchers said. ―Their willpower occurs without them having to think about it.‖ The company spent millions of dollars developing programs of study to train employees on self-control. Managers wrote workbooks that serve as guides to how to make willpower a habit in workers’ lives. Those courses are, in part, why G&G has grown from a sleepy company into a Most importantly, it taught

large one with more than seventeen thousand stores and profits of more than $10 billion a year. 33. We learn from Paragraph 2 that employees in G&G must . A.learn to give lectures B. C. D. attend education programs design a working uniform develop a common hobby .

34. Willpower will become a habit when employees can A. B. C. D. focus on the profits benefit from the job protect themselves well control their feelings well

35. What can we infer from the passage? A. B. G&G has grown into a large company. G&G will spend half its profits training employees.

C.G&G may become more successful in the future. D. G&G has to produce more workbooks for managers.

【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文通过 G&G 的培训课程告诉我们人的意志力是我们是否能够取得成功的关 键。 33. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段 1,2 行 Travis picked up that lecture in one of his G&G training courses, an education program that began on his first day and continues throughout an employee’s occupation.可知 G&G 的培训课程在新员工入职第一天就开始了,而且在贯穿与 员工的工作之中。也就是说 G&G 的员工都得参加这样的培训课程。故 B 正确。 34. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。根据第三段 1,2 行 And the best way to strengthen willpower is to make it into a habit. ―Sometimes it looks like people with great self-control aren’t working hard—but that’s because they’ve made it automatic 可知加强意志力最好的方法就是让意志力成为一种习 惯。 有时候有很强自我控制里的人工作并不努力, 你是因为他们还没有把自我控制当成一种 习惯。也就是说当人们能够很好地控制我们的感情时,我们就会让意志力成为习惯。我们就

能表现得很好。故 D 正确。 35. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章最后一段第一句 The company spent millions of dollars developing programs of study to train employees on self-control.和最后一句 Those courses are, in part, why G&G has grown from a sleepy company into a large one with more than seventeen thousand stores and profits of more than $10 billion a year.可知这家公司在培训员工方面花了 很多钱,而且也让公司发展得很好,也正是因为在员工培训方面的投入很大,所以他们可能 在未来会取得更大的成功。故 C 正确。 【长难句解析】 And the best way to strengthen willpower is to make it into a habit. 【答案】加强意志力最好的方法就是让意志力成为一种习惯。 【分析】在本句中不定式的用法得到了充分的体现。本句中主语 the best way 后面有不定式 to strengthen willpower 作为定语来修饰这个名词,还可以使用 the best way of strengthening willpower。另外本句中的表语 to make it into a habit 也是一个不定式,表示具体的一次性的 行为。

十四(2014 山东卷) E The kids in this village wear dirty, ragged clothes. They sleep beside cows and sheep in huts made of sticks and mud. They have no school. Yet they all can chant the English alphabet, and some can make words. The key to their success: 20 tablet computers(平板电脑) dropped off in their Ethiopian village in February by a U.S. group called One Laptop Per Child. The goal is to find out whether kids using today’s new technology can teach themselves to read in places where no schools or teachers exist. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers analyzing the project data say they’re already amazed. ―What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten,‖ said Matt Keller, who runs the Ethiopia program. The fastest learner—and the first to turn on one of the tablets—is 8-year-old Kelbesa Negusse. The device’s camera was disabled to save memory, yet within weeks Kelbesa had figured out its workings and made the camera work. He called himself a lion, a marker of

accomplishment in Ethiopia. With his tablet, Kelbasa rearranged the letters HSROE into one of the many English animal names he knows. Then he spelled words on his own. ―Seven months ago he didn’t know any English. That’s unbelievable,‖ said Keller. The project aims to get kids to a stage called ―deep reading,‖ where they can read to learn. It won’t be in Amharic, Ethiopia’s first language, but in English, which is widely seen as the ticket to higher paying jobs. 62. How does the Ethiopia program benefit the kids in the village? A. It trains teachers for them. B. It contributes to their self-study. C. It helps raise their living standards. D. It provides funds for building schools. 63. What can we infer from Keller’s words in Paragraph 3? A. They need more time to analyze data. B. More children are needed for the research. C. He is confident about the future of the project. D. The research should be carried out in kindergartens. 64. It amazed Keller that with the tablet Kelbesa could _______. A. learn English words quickly. C. write letters to researchers. 65. What is the aim of the project? A. To offer Ethiopians higher paying jobs. B. To make Amharic widely used in the world. C. To help Ethiopian kids read to learn in English. D. To assist Ethiopians in learning their first language. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文介绍了在非洲的 Ethiopian 进行的一项研究,通过使用平板电脑,孩子们 学会了英语单词。文章仔细介绍了这个计划的具体信息。 62. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第三段 The goal is to find out whether kids using today’s new B. draw pictures of animals. D. make phone calls to his friends.

technology can teach themselves to read in places where no schools or teachers exist.和 ―What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten,‖可知这个计划的目的是为了看在没有学校没有老师的情况下, 孩子是否 可以自学。结果证明这是完全有可能的。很多孩子都通过自学,掌握了一些知识。说明这个 计划促进了孩子的自学能力。故 B 正确。 63. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据本段最后 2 行 ―What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten,‖可知他的看法已经 被证明了。孩子们学习的内容比预料的还多。说明他对中计划的未来是很乐观的。故 C 正 确。 64. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第五段 With his tablet, Kelbasa rearranged the letters HSROE into one of the many English animal names he knows. Then he spelled words on his own. ―Seven months ago he didn’t know any English. That’s unbelievable,‖孩子们用平板电脑非常迅速地学 会了拼写单词而且速度很快。故 A 正确。 65. 【答案】C 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章最后一段第一句 The project aims to get kids to a stage called ―deep reading,‖ where they can read to learn.可知这个计划的目的就是让孩子进入一个深度学 习的状态,让他们学会学习等。故 C 正确。 【长难句解析】 The key to their success: 20 tablet computers(平板电脑) dropped off in their Ethiopian village in February by a U.S. group called One Laptop Per Child. 【翻译】他们的成功的关键是:被称为 One Laptop Per Child 的一个美国的组织在 2 月份留 给这个埃塞俄比亚村子的 20 台平板电脑。 【分析】本句中的名词 the key 通常要和介词 to 连用表示―…的关键‖;同时句中有两个过去 分词短语做定语:dropped off in their Ethiopian village in February 修饰 20 tablet computers; called One Laptop Per Child 修饰 a U.S. group。

十五(2014 陕西卷)

B When I told my father that I was moving to Des Moines, Iowa, he told me about the only time he had been there. It was in the 1930s, when he was an editor in the literary magazine of Southern Methodist University(SMU)in Dallas, Texas. He also worked as a professor at SMU, and there was a girl student in his class who suffered from a serious back disease. She couldn;t afford the operation because her family was poor. Her mother ran a boardinghouse in Galveston, a seaside town near Houston, Texas. She was cleaning out the attic (阁楼) one day when she came across an old dusty manuscript (手稿) . On its top page were the words, ―By O. Henry‖. It was a nice story, and she sent it to her daughter at SMU, who showed it to my father. My father had never read the story before, but it sounded like O. Henry, and he knew that O. Henry had once lived in Houston. So it was possible that the famous author had gone to the beach and stayed in the Gainestown boardinghouse, and had written the story there and left the manuscript behind by accident. My father visited an O. Henry expert at Columbia University in New York, who authenticated the story as O. Henry’s. My father then set out to sell it. Eventfully, he foud himself in Des Moines, meeting with Gardner Cowles, a top editor at the Des Moines Register. Cowles loves the story and bought it on the spot. My father took the money to the girl. It was just enough for her to have the operation she so desperately needed. My father never told me what the O. Henry story was about. But i doubt that it could have been better than his own story. 49. Who found the O. Henry’s manuscript? A. The girl’s mother. C. The girl. B. The author’s father. D. The author.

50. Which of the following might explain the fact that the manuscript was found in the attic? A. O. Henry once worked in Houston. C. O. Henry once moved to Des Moines. B. O. Henry once stayed in Galveston. D. O. Henry once taught at SMU.

51. The underlined word ―authenticated‖ in Paragraph 2 probably means __________. A. named B. treated C. proved D. described

52. According to the text, why did the author’s father go to Des Moines?

A. To sell the O. Henry story. C. To talk with the O. Henry expert. 【考点】考察历史知识类阅读

B. To meet the author himself. D. To give money to the girl.

【文章大意】本文介绍了我的父亲为了帮助一位女学生动手术,而到 Des Moines 把女孩的 母亲发现的欧亨利的手稿卖掉的故事。 49. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第二段 1,2 行 She was cleaning out the attic (阁楼) one day when she came across an old dusty manuscript (手稿) . On its top page were the words, ―By O. Henry‖. 可知正是她的母亲在打扫阁楼的时候发现了欧亨利的手稿的。故 A 正确。 50. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第二段 4,5 行 he knew that O. Henry had once lived in Houston. So it was possible that the famous author had gone to the beach and stayed in the Gainestown boardinghouse, and had written the story there and left the manuscript behind by accident.可知欧 亨利有可能在 Gainestown boardinghouse 住过,留下了这个手稿。所以女孩的妈妈才可能会 得到这个手稿。故 B 正确。 51. 【答案】C 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第三段 Eventfully, he foud himself in Des Moines, meeting with Gardner Cowles, a top editor at the Des Moines Register. Cowles loves the story and bought it on the spot.可知我的父亲来到了 Des Moines 找到了一位买家愿意购买这个手稿,说明这是欧亨 利的手稿。也就是说 My father visited an O. Henry expert at Columbia University in New York, who authenticated the story as O. Henry’s.中的这位专家确认了能够手稿的确是欧亨利的。 故C 正确。 52. 【答案】A 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第三段 1,2 行 My father then set out to sell it. Eventfully, he foud himself in Des Moines, meeting with Gardner Cowles, a top editor at the Des Moines Register. Cowles loves the story and bought it on the spot.可知父亲要到 Des Moines 来卖欧亨利的手稿 的。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 My father visited an O. Henry expert at Columbia University in New York, who authenticated the story as O. Henry’s.

【翻译】 我的父亲去拜访了纽约哥伦比亚大学欧亨利的专家, 他证明了这个故事是欧亨利的。 【分析】 本句中的 who authenticated the story as O. Henry’s 修饰先行词 O. Henry expert, 这是 一个非限制性定语从句。非限定性定语从句起补充说明作用,缺少也不会影响全句的理解, 在非限定性定语从句的前面往往有逗号隔开, 如若将非限定性定语从句放在句子中间, 起前 后都需要用逗号隔开。 需要注意 which 引导的非限定性定语从句是用来说明前面整个句子的 情况或主句的某一部分。 在非限定性定语从句中,关系词不能用 that。

十六(2014 陕西卷) D One afternoon last week, I saw three tearful children from my son’s school being comforted by teachers. That morning, my 11-year-old had stomach pains, retching(干呕)into a bowl. Talking to other mothers later, I heard about other children with stomachache or difficult sleeping the night before. What caused so much pain? Sports day. Sports day might be necessary at a highly-competitive independent school, but not at a village primary school. For the children who can fly like the wind, sports day cause no problem. For those who are overweight or just not good at sport, it is nightmare (噩梦) . Even for those who enjoy running but fall halfway down the track in front of the entire school and their parents, it can prove a disease. Why do we put our children through this annual suffering? Some may say competition is character building; or it’s taking part, not winning, that’s important; or that’s a tradition of school life. I just felt great pity for those children in tears or in pain. Team games at the end of sports day produced some close races, wild enthusiasm, lots of shouting — and were fun to watch. More importantly, the children who were not so fast or quick at passing the ball were hidden a little from everyone’s eyes. Some of them also had the thrill of being on the winning side. I wish that sports day could be abandoned and replaced with some other less competitive event. Perhaps an afternoon of team games, with a few races for those who want them, would be less stressful for the children and a lot more fun to watch. 57. What can we learn about the author’s son from Paragraph 1?

A. He talked with some mothers. C. He had difficulty in sleeping.

B. He comforted his classmates. D. He suffered from stomachache.

58. Sports day is still an annul event in this school probably because __________. A. this is an independent school C. it helps children lose weight 59. What does the author think about team games? A. They should include more stressful races. B. They are acceptable to different children. C. They should be abandoned at primary school. D. They are less fun for those who love running. 60. What is the author’s attitude towards sports day? A. Critical. B. Neutral. C. Positive. D. Ambiguous. B. it is a tradition of the school D. children enjoy watching sports

【考点】考察教育知识类阅读 【文章大意】本文是一位母亲对于 sports day 的态度,详细说明 sports day 对学生产生不同 的影响。建议学校取消或者取代这项活动。 57. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第一段第 2 句 That morning, my 11-year-old had stomach pains, retching(干呕)into a bowl.可知我的儿子也有了胃部问题。故 D 正确。 58. 【答案】B 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第三段第 2 句 Some may say competition is character building; or it’s taking part, not winning, that’s important; or that’s a tradition of school life.可知现在学校里仍然有 sports day 有很多原因,也许有人认为这可以塑造人的性格,也 有人说重在参与。也有人会说这是学校的传统。故 B 项也可能是其中的一个原因。故 B 正 确。 59. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段 For the children who can fly like the wind, sports day cause no problem. For those who are overweight or just not good at sport, it is nightmare(噩梦). Even for those who enjoy running but fall halfway down the track in front of the entire school and their parents, it can prove a disease.可知低于那些擅长运动的人来说,sport day 不会有问题。 但是对于那些肥胖的人,这就会产生大问题的。故也许不同的学生会接受。B 正确。 60. 【答案】A

【试题解析】推理题。根据文章最后一段第一句 I wish that sports day could be abandoned and replaced with some other less competitive event.可知作者希望 sports day 被取代, 也就是作者对 它持有批评的态度,认为它对很多学生是没有好处的。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 For the children who can fly like the wind, sports day cause no problem. For those who are overweight or just not good at sport, it is nightmare (噩梦) . Even for those who enjoy running but fall halfway down the track in front of the entire school and their parents, it can prove a disease. 【翻译】对于那些像风一样是人,运动日不会有问题。但是对于那些超重的人或者不擅长体 育运动的人, 这就是噩梦。 即使对于喜欢运动但是在全校和他们的父母亲面前在半途摔倒的 学生,这也可能是灾难。 【分析】 本句中有多处定语从句 whocan fly like the wind; 第二个定语从句 who are overweight or just not good at sport 修饰先行词 those。

十七(2014 天津卷) D People aren’t walking any more---if they can figure out a way to avoid it. I felt superior about this matter until the other day I took my car to mail a small parcel. The journey is a matter of 281 steps. But I used the car. And I wasn’t in any hurry, either, I had merely become one more victim of a national sickness: motorosis. It is an illness to which I had thought myself immune(免疫的), for I was bornd in the tradition of going to places on my own two legs. At that time, we regarded 25 miles as good day’s walk and the ability to cover such a distance in ten hours as sign of strength and skill. It did not occur to us that walking was a hardship. And the effect was lasting. When I was 45 years old I raced –and beat—a teenage football player the 168 steps up the Stature of Liberty. Such enterprises today are regarded by many middle-aged persons as bad for the heart. But a well-known British physician, Sir Adolphe Abrahams, pointed out recently that hearts and bodies need proper exercise is more likely to have illnesses than one who exercises regularly. And walking is an ideal form of exercise--- the most familiar and natural of all. It was Henry Thoreau who showed mankind the richness of going on foot. The man walking can learn the trees, flower, insects, birds and animals, the significance of seasons, the very feel

of himself as a living creature in a living world, He cannot learn in a car. The car is a convenient means of transport, but we have made it our way of life. Many people don’t dare to approach Nature any more; to them the world they were born to enjoy is all threat. To them security is a steel river thundering on a concrete road. And much of their thinking takes place while waiting for the traffic light to turn green. I say that the green of forests is the mind’s best light. And none but the man on foot can evaluate what is basic and everlasting. 51. What is the national sickness? A. Walking too much B. Traveling too much C. Driving cars too much D. Climbing stairs too much. 52. What was life like when the author was young? A. People usually went around on foot. B. people often walked 25 miles a day C. People used to climb the Statue of Liberty. D. people considered a ten-j\hour walk as a hardship. 53. The author mentions Henry Thoreau to prove that A. middle-aged people like getting back to nature B. walking in nature helps enrich one’s mind C. people need regular exercise to keep fit D. going on foot prevents heart disease 54. What is compared to ―a steel river‖ in Paragraph6? A. A queue of cars B. A ray of traffic light C. A flash of lightning D. A stream of people 55. What is the author’s intention of writing this passage? A. To tell people to reflect more non life. B. To recommend people to give up driving

C. To advise people to do outdoor activities D. To encourage people to return to walking 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】作者在本文中说明现在很多人都患上了一种国家病:开车太多,很少步行。作 者回忆了以前人们经常步行的情况, 也说明了步行的很多好处。 可知本文的未了鼓励人们重 新用双脚走路,少开车。 51. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段 I took my car to mail a small parcel. The journey is a matter of 281 steps. But I used the car. And I wasn’t in any hurry, either, I had merely become one more victim of a national sickness: motorosis.可知有一次只要走 281 步的路程, 我却开着汽车。 说明我患了一种 national sickness: motorosis。也就是开车太多。故 C 正确。 52. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第三段 2,3 行 At that time, we regarded 25 miles as good day’s walk and the ability to cover such a distance in ten hours as sign of strength and skill. It did not occur to us that walking was a hardship.可知之前我们认为一天走 25 英里是很好的,我从来都 没有想过步行会成为一种困难。说明在作者年轻的时候,人们经常步行。故 A 正确。 53. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第五段第一句 It was Henry Thoreau who showed mankind the richness of going on foot.可知正是他向我们展示了步行的好处,如 The man walking can learn the trees, flower, insects, birds and animals, the significance of seasons, the very feel of himself as a living creature in a living world 可以了解到树,花昆虫等等自然的知识。也就是说可以丰 富我们的生活。故 B 正确。 54. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据本句 to them the world they were born to enjoy is all threat. To them security is a steel river thundering on a concrete road.对他们来说他们生来的世界都是威胁,对 他们来说, 安全就是混凝土路上的汽车。 本题的关键是 on a concrete road 可知路上的是车流。 故 A 正确。 55. 【答案】D 【试题解析】推理题。作者在本文中说明现在很多人都患上了一种国家病:开车太多,很少 步行。作者回忆了以前人们经常步行的情况,也说明了步行的很多好处。可知本文的未了鼓

励人们重新用双脚走路,少开车。故 D 正确。 【长难句解析】 It is an illness to which I had thought myself immune(免疫的), for I was bornd in the tradition of going to places on my own two legs. 【翻译】 这是一个我认为我能够免疫的疾病, 因为我出生在一个靠两条腿走路的传统社会里。 【分析】 本句中有一个定语从句 to which I had thought myself immune 修饰先行词 an illness; 后面的连词 for 引导的状语从句表示补充说明具体的原因。

十八(2014 新课标 I) B Passenger pigeons (旅鸽)once flew over much of the United States in unbelievable numbers. Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks (群)so large that they the sky for hours.It was calculated that when it population reached its highest point ,they were more than 3billlion passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world. Even as late as 1870 when their numbers had already become smaller, a flock believed to be 1 mile wide and 320 miles (about 515 kilometers) long was seen near Cincinnati. Sadly the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands, Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants. By the closing decades of the 19th century ,the hardwood forests where passenger pigeons nested had been damaged by American’s need for wood, which scattered (驱散) the flocks and forced the birds to go farther north, where cold temperatures and storms contributed to their decline. Soon the great flocks were gone, never to be seen again. In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wi pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900. For a time , a few birds survived under human care. The last of them, known affectionately as Martha, died at the

Cincinnati Zoological Garden on September 1, 1914. 24. In the 18th and early 19teh centuries, passenger pigeons____. A. were the biggest bird in the world B. lived mainly in the south of America C. did great harm to the natural environment D. were the largest bird population in the Us 25. The underlined word ― undoing‖ probably refers to the pigeons’ ____. A. escape B. ruin C. liberation D. evolution

26. What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons? A. To seek pleasure. C. To make money. B. To save other birds. D. To protect crops.

27. What can we infer about the law passed in Michigan? A. It was ignored by the public. C. It was unfair. 【考点】考察历史知识类阅读 【文章大意】 本文主要讲述的是美国历史上鸽子曾经是最多的鸟类, 但是人们不加控制的捕 杀让鸽子的数量迅速减少,虽然很多地方都采取了措施,但是效果仍然不明显。 24. 【答案】D 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第一段 3,4 行 It was calculated that when it population reached its highest point ,they were more than 3billlion passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world.可知鸽子在当时是美国数量最多的鸟类。故 D 正确。 25. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据文章第二段 3,4 行 there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands, Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time.可知很多 鸽子都被捕捉并杀死卖往餐厅。所以该词应该是指鸽子遇见了毁灭性的打击。故 B 正确。 26. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据第二段最后一句 The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants. B. It was declared too late. D. It was strict.

可知鸽子被捕捉并背运往大城市卖给了各个餐厅,说明人们捕捉鸽子是为了挣钱。故 C 正 确。 27. 【答案】B 【试题解析】推理题。根据本段第二行 but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. The last confirmed wi pigeon in the United States was shot by a boy in Pike County, Ohio, in 1900.可知虽然制定了法律,但是十年以后还没有看见成规模的很多的鸽子,说明这 部法律的发行已经晚了。故 B 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.when it population reached its highest point ,they were more than 3billlion passenger pigeons—a number equal to 24 to 40 percent of the total bird population in the United States, making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world. 【翻译】当鸽子的数量到达顶峰的时候,有超过 30 亿只,这个数字是美国所有的鸟类的百 分之 20-40,让鸽子成为世界上数量最多的鸟。 【分析】本节中获得 when 引导的是一个时间状语从句。同时句中的现在分词短语 making it perhaps the most abundant bird in the world 充当的是结果状语,表示意料之中的结果。当鸽子 的数量达到了 30 亿只,毫无疑问它是世界上数量最多的鸟。不定式做结果状语时,常常表 示意料之外的结果。 2. In 1897, the state of Michigan passed a law prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons but by then, no sizable flocks had been seen in the state for 10 years. 【翻译】在 1897 年,密西根州通过了一项法律,禁止人们捕杀鸽子。但是十年以后在这个 州也没有看见大规模的鸽群。 【分析】 本句中的现在分词短语 prohibiting the killing of passenger pigeons 作为定语修饰名词 a law;因为动词 prohibite 与名词 a law 之间构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词做定语。后半 句中的 by then 中的 by 到…时,经常与完成时连用,如果与过去的时间连用,则使用过去完 成时。本题中的 then 是过去的试卷,所以后面使用了 had been。

十九(2014 新课标 I) D. As more and more people speak the global languages of English, Chinese, Spanish, and Arabic, other languages are rapidly disappearing. In fact, half of the 6,000-7,000 languages spoken

around the world today will likely die out by the next century, according to the United Nations Educational , Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In an effort to prevent language loss, scholars from a number of organizations _UNESCO and National Geographic among them—have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect. Mark Turin, a scientist at the Macmillan Centre Yale University, who specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas, is following in that tradition. His recently published book, A Grammar of Thangmi with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture, grows out of his experience living, working, and raising a family in a village in Nepal. Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India , Nepal, Bhutan, and China . But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record. At the University of Cambridge Turin discovered a wealth of important materials-including photographs, films, tape recordings, and field notes—which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection. Now, through the two organizations that he has founded –the Digital Himalaya Project and the World Oral Literature Project __Turin has started a campaign to make such documents, for the world available not just to scholars but to the younger generations of communities from whom the materials were originally collected. Thanks to digital technology and the widely available Internet, Turin notes, the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speech communities. 32. Many scholars are making efforts to ______. A. promote global languages C. search for language communities B. rescue disappearing languages D. set up language research organizations.

33. What does ―that tradition’ in Paragraph 3 refer to ? A. Having full records of the languages B. Writing books on language teaching. C. Telling stories about language users D. Living with the native speaker.

34. What is Turin’s book based on? A. The cultual studies C. His language research in Bhutan. B. The documents available at Yale. D. His personal experience in Nepal.

35. Which of the following best describe Turin’s work? A. Write, sell and donate. C. Collect, protect and reconnect. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】 本文告诉我们世界上有很多语言和文化即将消失, 有很多学者正在努力保护这 些文化,如 Mark Turin。他们收集,整理这些文化有关的材料,运用现代电子技术进行保存 或保护等等。 32. 【答案】B 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据第二段 2,3 行 have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect.可知很多学者正在记录这些即将消失的语言和文化。以防止这些 语言和文化永远地消失。他们在挽救这些文化。故 C 正确。 33. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第二段 have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect.可知很多学者正在记录这些即将消失的语言和文化。以防止这些 语言和文化永远地消失。而 Mark Turin 正在 following in that tradition(追随这样的传统)。 所以这里的 It 就是指前面一段里的学者在记录这些即将消失的语言和文化。故 A 正确。 34. 【答案】D 【试题解析】细节题。根据文章第三段中的 grows out of his experience living, working, and raising a family in a village in Nepal.这本书的内容出自他在尼泊尔生活, 工作以及抚养家人的 经历。说明这本书是以他的个人经历为基础的。故 D 正确。 35. 【答案】C 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第四段 Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India , Nepal, Bhutan, and China .他一直都在收集这些材料;根据文章第 五段 which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection 可知他在努力 这些材料。再根据文章最后一段 the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speech communities 可知 C 项说法是正确的。 B. Record, repair and reward. D. Design, experiment and report.

【长难句解析】 1.In fact, half of the 6,000-7,000 languages spoken around the world today will likely die out by the next century 【翻译】实际上,到下个世纪现有的 6000-7000 种被讲的语言中有一半都可能会消失。 【分析】 本句中含有一个过去分词短语 spoken around the world today 作为定语修饰前面的名 词 languages。相当于定语从句 which are spoken around the world today。 2. Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India , Nepal, Bhutan, and China . 【翻译】对于 Turin 来说记录 Thangmi 语言和文化只是一个开始,他还努力喜马拉雅山地区 的印度,尼泊尔,不丹和中国的语言和传统都包括在他的工作里。 【分析】本句中 Documenting the Thangmi language and culture 是动名词短语在句中做主语。 后面句中含有一个非限制性定语从句 who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India , Nepal, Bhutan, and China .修饰先行词 Turin。

二十(2014 新课标 II) C

One of the latest trend (趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that’s true all across the country. ―I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age‖ Joseph Stocke, the managing director of s company, says of his 2-year old son. ―I would at least like to give him the

chance to use the language in the future,‖ After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says. Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接 触) the language and culture.‖ she says. ―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖ says

Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.‖ But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.‖ The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 9.What does that term‖ au pair‖ in the text mean? A. A mother raising her children on her own B. A child learning a foreign language at home C. A professor in language education of children D. A young foreign woman taking care of children. 10. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______. A. to live in China some day B. to speak the language at home C. to catch up wit other children D. to learn about the Chinese culture 11. What can we infer from the text? A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America, B. Educated woman do better in looking after children C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills. D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文告诉我们在美国现在有了一个新的趋势:为孩子找一个中国保姆。让孩子 接触到中文,了解中国文化。说明在美国学习中文越来越流行了。 4. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 推理题。 根据 1,3,4 段 Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 和 had another reason for looking for an au pair from China.以及―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖可知‖ au pair‖是指来自中国的照顾孩子的年轻女性,她们承担这教育孩子中文 的任务。故 D 项正确。

5. 【答案】D 【试题解析】 细节题。 根据第三段后 3 行 She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.‖ she says. 可知她是一个中国人, 她和丈夫读希望自己的孩子那个接触到中文并了解中文的文化。 故D 正确。 6. 【答案】A 【试题解析】推理题。根据文章第一句 One of the latest trend(趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. 和最后一段 The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.可知美国人对于中文的学习的兴趣越来越大,为孩子寻找一个会讲中文保姆已经 成为了一个趋势。这些都说明学习中文变得很流行了。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. 【翻译】嫁给美国人的在明尼苏达抚养两个孩子的 Li Drake,有另外一个理由来寻找一个中 国保姆。 【分析】 本节中的 raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband 是一个现在分词 做定语来修饰前面的名词 a Chinese native。因为两者之间构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词 做定语。 2. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 【翻译】人们预料美国人对于中国保姆的的要求在接下来的几年里会继续增加。 【分析】本句中的 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的 that 引导的主语从句 that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.句中的动词 expect 表示―预料‖。

二十一(2014 浙江卷) A Wealth starts with a goal saving a dollar at a time. Call it the piggy bank strategy(策略). There are lessons in that time-honored coin-saving container.

Any huge task seems easier when reduced to baby steps. I f you wished to climb a 12,000-foot mountain, and could do it a day at a time, you would only have to climb 33 feet daily to reach the top in a year. If you want to take a really nice trip in 10 years for a special occasion, to collect the $15,000 cost, you have to save $3.93 a day. If you drop that into a piggy bank and then once a year put $1,434 in a savings account at 1% interest rate after-tax, you will have your trip money. When I was a child, my parents gave me a piggy bank to teach me that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it. We associate piggy banks with children, but in many countries, the little containers are also popular with adults. Europeans see a piggy bank as a sign of good fortune and wealth. Around the world, many believe a gift of a piggy bank on New Year’s Day brings good luck and financial success. Ah, but you have to put something in it. Why is a pig used as a symbol of saving? Why not an elephant bank, which is bigger and holds more coins? In the Middle Ages, before modern banking and credit instruments, people saved money at home, a few coins at a time dropped into a jar or dish. Potters(制陶工) made these inexpensive containers from an orange-colored clay(黏土) called ―pygg,‖ and folks saved coins in pygg jars. The Middle English word for pig was ―pigge‖. While the Saxons pronounced pygg, referring to the clay, as ―pug‖, eventually the two words changed into the same pronunciation, sounding the ―i‖ as in pig or piggy. As the word became less associated with the orange clay and more with the animal, a clever potter fashioned a pygg jar in the shape of a pig, delighting children and adults. The piggy bank was born. Originally you had to break the bank to get to the money, bringing in a sense of seriousness into savings. While piggy banks teach children the wisdom of saving, adults often need to relearn childhood lessons. Think about the things in life that require large amounts of money--- college education, weddings, cars, medical care, starting a business, buying a home, and fun stuff like great trips. So when you have money, take off the top 10%, put it aside, save and invest wisely. 41. What is the piggy bank strategy? A. Paying 1% income tax at a time. B. Setting a goal before making a travel plan. C. Aiming high even when doing small things. D. Putting aside a little money regularly for future use. 42. Why did the writer’s parents give him a piggy bank as a gift?

A. To delight him with the latest fashion. C. To help him form the habit of saving.

B. To encourage him to climb mountains. D. To teach him English pronunciation.

43. What does then underlined word ―something‖(Paragraph 3) most probably refer to? A. Money C. Financial success 44. The piggy ban originally was _________. A. a potter’s instrument C. an animal-shaped dish 45. The last paragraph talks about ________. A. the seriousness of educating children C. the importance of managing money 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】 作者在本文中介绍了 the piggy bank strategy 也就是存钱策略,并介绍了 the pggy bank 的起源和目的,号召人们都养成储蓄的好习惯。 41.D 推理题。 根据文章第二段前 3 行 If you wished to climb a 12,000-foot mountain, and could do it a day at a time, you would only have to climb 33 feet daily to reach the top in a year. If you want to take a really nice trip in 10 years for a special occasion, to collect the $15,000 cost, you have to save $3.93 a day.作者一个这个例子告诉我们 piggy bank strategy 就是指每天都存一点 钱以备未来之用。故 D 正确。 42.C 细节题。根据第三段第一句 When I was a child, my parents gave me a piggy bank to teach me that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it.父母亲给我这个储蓄罐的目的是 告诉我,如果想要得到某个东西,就要自己存钱来买。通过这个做法来养成存蓄的习惯。故 C 正确。 43.A 猜测词义题。根据本句 Around the world, many believe a gift of a piggy bank on New Year’s Day brings good luck and financial success. Ah, but you have to put something in it.世界 各地的人都认为储蓄罐是一个很好的能够带来好运和经济成功的礼物, 但是条件是你要向里 面放钱。 因为储蓄罐就是用来养成存钱的习惯的, 如果你不存钱, 那就失去了价值。 Something 指 mony。故 A 正确。 44.B 推理题。根据文章第四段 2,3,4 行 people saved money at home, a few coins at a time dropped into a jar or dish. Potters( 制 陶 工 ) made these inexpensive containers from an B. the enjoyment of taking a great trip D. the difficulty of starting a business B. a cheap clay container D. a pig-like toy for children B. Gifts D. Good luck

orange-colored clay(黏土) called ―pygg,‖ and folks saved coins in pygg jars.可知以前没有银行 的时候, 人们就是使用黏贴罐来存放零钱的, The piggy ban 就是最初的储蓄罐。 故 B 正确。 45.C 段落大意题。根据本段前两句 Originally you had to break the bank to get to the money, bringing in a sense of seriousness into savings. While piggy banks teach children the wisdom of saving, adults often need to relearn childhood lessons.储蓄罐不仅可以帮助孩子养成存钱的好 习惯,而且对成年人也是有好处的。所以本段讲述的是储蓄罐的重要性。故 C 正确。 【长难句解析】 When I was a child, my parents gave me a piggy bank to teach me that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it. 【翻译】 当我还是孩子的时候, 我的父母亲就给了我的一个储蓄罐并教会我如果我想要某个 地方,我就应该存钱来买它。 【分析】本句中的 when 引导的是一个时间状语从句,后的主句中动词 teach 后面还有双宾 语,其中的直接宾语是 that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it,引导词 that 最好不省略。其中 if 引导的是一个条件状语从句。

二十二(2014 浙江卷) B Here is some must-know information from a handbook on how people behave in doing business in some countries. In Brazil Brazilians are warm and friendly. They often stand close when talking and it is common for them to touch the person on the shoulder. People often greet each other (particularly women) with light cheek kisses. Schedules tend to be flexible, with business meetings sometimes starting later than planned. But to be safe, be on time. Meals can stretch for hours—there’s no such thing as rushing a meal in Brazil. Lunches also can start in the mid to late afternoon. Brazilians are social, preferring face-to-face communication over mails or phone calls. In Singapore Singaporeans shake hands when they meet and often also greet each other with a small, polite bow. Business cards should be offered and received with two hands. Arriving late is considered disrespectful. So be on time. Efficiency(效率) is the goal, so meetings and dealings often are

fast-paced. Singaporeans are direct in their discussions, even when the subject is about money. Rank is important and authority is respected. This determines both people interact in meetings. For example, people avoid disagreeing outright with someone with a higher rank. In the United Arab Emirates In the UAE, status is important, so the most senior or oldest should be greeted first with their titles. The handshake seems to be longer than elsewhere. So, do not pull away the handshake. Women should cover themselves when it comes to dress. Men also tend to be covered from neck to elbows(肘部) and down to the knees. People do not avoid entertaining in their homes, but they also hold business meals at restaurants. Touching or passing food or eating with your left hand is to be avoided. When meetings are one-to-one, if your host offers you coffee, you should refuse. It might seem odd, but it is a cultural tradition. Coffee should only be accepted if it is always set out or presented. In Switzerland The Swiss tend to be formal and address each other by last name. They also are respectful of private lives. You should be careful not to ask about personal topics. Punctuality (守时) is vital, something that comes from a deep respect for others’ time. Arrive at any meeting or event a few minutes early to be safe. They also have clear structure in their companies. Higher-ups make the final decisions, even if others might disagree. Neat, clean dress is expected. The Swiss follow formal table manners. They also keep their hands visible at the table and their elbows off the table. It is polite to finish the food on your plate. 46. The passage is mainly about ________. A. communication types C. customs and social manners B. the workplace atmosphere D. living conditions and standards

47. Why do Singaporeans avoid arguing with their boss? A. They put efficiency in the first place. B. They dislike face-to-face communication. C. They want to finish meetings as quickly as possible. D. They are supposed to obey the person of a higher rank. 48. In the UAE, when should you refuse the coffee if it is offered? A. When greeting seniors. B. When meeting the host alone.

C. When attending a presentation.

D. When dining with business partners.

49. In which country do people care about where to put their hands at the dinner table? A. In Brazil. C. In the United Arab Emirate. 【考点】考察文化知识类阅读 【文章大意】 本文是一个介绍不同国家里人们不同的风俗习惯和文明礼仪的小册子, 列举了 巴西、新加坡、阿拉伯联合酋长国以及瑞士四个国家的具体例子。 46.C 中心思想题。根据文章中心句第一句 Here is some must-know information from a handbook on how people behave in doing business in some countries.得知本文讲述的是一些国 家里人们的行为举止是什么样子的, 接在举例说明了四个国家中具体的风俗习惯。 所以本文 主要是关于世界各国的不同风俗习惯和文明礼仪的。故 C 正确。 47.D 推理题。根据 In Singapore 部分中 Rank is important and authority is respected. This determines both people interact in meetings. For example, people avoid disagreeing outright with someone with a higher rank 得知新加坡等级是很重要的, 决定了在交流中人们应该如何行动, 那么在交流时避免和老板争论是为了服从地位更高的人。故 D 正确。 48.B 细节题。根据 In the United Arab Emirates 部分中 When meetings are one-to-one, if your host offers you coffee, you should refuse. 得知当你和主人单独相处时,你应该拒绝主人提供 的咖啡。故 B 正确。 49.D 细节题。 公积金 In Switzerland 部分这个 The Swiss follow formal table manners. They also keep their hands visible at the table and their elbows off the table. It is polite to finish the food on your plate.得知在瑞士吃饭的时候,你阅读要注意自己的双手要放在桌子上。故 D 正确。 【长难句解析】 When meetings are one-to-one, if your host offers you coffee, you should refuse. 【翻译】当你和主人一对一见面的时候,如果主人给你咖啡,你应该拒绝。 【分析】 本句中的 when 时间状语从句中含有一个省略句的用法, 在 when 的后面省略了 you are;当状语从句的主语和主句主语一致且含有 be 动词的时候,可以把状语从句的主语和 be 动词一起省略。 B. In Singapore. D. In Switzerland.

二十三(2014 浙江卷) D

A city child’s summer is spent in the street in front of his home, and all through the long summer vacations I sat on the edge of the street and watched enviously the other boys on the block play baseball. I was never asked to take part even when one team had a member missing—not out of special cruelty, but because they took it for granted I would be no good at it. They were right, of course. I would never forget the wonderful evening when something changed. The baseball ended about eight or eight thirty when it grew dark. Then it was the custom of the boys to retire to a little stoop(门廊) that stuck out from the candy store on the corner and that somehow had become theirs. No grownup ever sat there or attempted to. There the boys would sit, mostly talking about the games played during the day and of the game to be played tomorrow. Then long silences would fall and the boys would wander off one by one. It was just after one of those long silences that my life as an outsider changed. I can no longer remember which boy it was that summer evening who broke the silence with a question: but whoever he was, I nod to him gratefully now. ―What’s in those books you’re always reading?‖ he asked casually. ―Stories,‖ I answered. ―What kind?‖ asked somebody else without much interest. Nor do I know what drove me to behave as I did, for usually I just sat there in silence, glad enough to be allowed to remain among them; but instead of answering his question, I told them for two hours the story I was reading at the moment. The book was Sister Carrie. They listened bug-eyed and breathless. I must have told it well, but I think there was another and deeper reason that made them to keep an audience. Listening to a tale being told in the dark is one of the most ancient of man’s entertainments, but I was offering them as well, without being aware of doing it, a new and exciting experience. The books they themselves read were the Rover Boys or Tom Swift or G.A. Henty. I had read them too, but at thirteen I had long since left them behind. Since I was much alone I had become an enthusiastic reader and I had gone through the books-for-boys series. In those days there was no reading material between children’s and grownups’ books or I could find none. I had gone right from Tome Swift and His Flying Machine to Theodore Dreiser and Sister Carrie. Dreiser had hit my young mind, and they listened to me tell the story with some of the wonder that I had had in reading it. The next night and many nights thereafter, a kind of unspoken ritual (仪式) took place. As it

grew dark, I would take my place in the center of the stoop and begin the evening’s tale. Some nights, in order to taste my victory more completely, I cheated. I would stop at the most exciting part of a story by Jack London or Bret Harte, and without warning tell them that that was as far as I had gone in the book and it would have to be continued the following evening. It was not true, of course; but I had to make certain of my new-found power and position. I enjoyed the long summer evenings until school began in the fall. Other words of mine have been listened to by larger and more fashionable audiences, but for that tough and athletic one that sat close on the stoop outside the candy store, I have an unreasoning love that will last forever. 55. Watching the boys playing baseball, the writer must have felt ________. A. bitter and lonely C. pleased and excited B. special and different D. disturbed and annoyed

56. The writer feels grateful even now to the boy who asked the question because the boy ________. A. invited him to join in their game B. liked the book that he was reading C. broke the long silence of that summer evening D. offered him an opportunity that changed his life 57. According to Paragraph 3, story-telling was popular among the boys basically because ________. A. the story was from a children’s book B. listening to tales was an age-old practice C. the boys had few entertainments after dark D. the boys didn’t read books by themselves 58. The boys were attracted to Sister Carrie because ________. A. it was written by Theodore Dreiser C. it gave them a deeper feeling of pleasure B. it was specifically targeted at boys D. it talked about the wonders of the world

59. Sometimes the writer stopped at the most exciting part of a story to _______. A. play a mean trick on the boys C. add his own imagination to the story 60. What is the message conveyed in the story? B. experience more joy of achievement D. help the boys understand the story better

A. One can find his position in life in his own way. B. Friendship is built upon respect for each other. C. Reading is more important than playing games. D. Adult habits are developed from childhood. 【考点】考察文化教育类阅读 【文章大意】本文讲述了一个很孤独的男孩,并没有融入到其他孩子之中。但是他通过将故 事吸引了其他孩子,并在这一行动中体验了成功,在孩子们有了自己的位置。他是通过阅读 获得了自己的位置的。同时也告诉我们阅读的重要性。 55.A 推理题。根据文章第一段 2,3 句 I was never asked to take part even when one team had a member missing—not out of special cruelty, but because they took it for granted I would be no good at it.得知他们从来都没有邀请我和他们一起踢球, 即使他们缺一个人。 他们想当然地认 为我不擅长。所以我总是很孤独也很难过,因为我没有融入到他们的世界。故 A 正确。 56.D 推理题。根据第二段最后 3 行 I can no longer remember which boy it was that summer evening who broke the silence with a question: but whoever he was, I nod to him gratefully now. ―What’s in those books you’re always reading?‖ he asked casually 得知我很感激他是因为他问 了一个问题,这个问题让我可以和他们进行交流,也就是给了我一个融入他们的机会,得以 改变自己的生活。故 D 正确。 57.B 细节题。根据文章第三段最后一句 Listening to a tale being told in the dark is one of the most ancient of man’s entertainments, but I was offering them as well, without being aware of doing it, a new and exciting experience. 在夜晚听别人讲故事是一个古代人们娱乐自己的方法之一。也就是 B 项:听故事是一个古 老的行为。故 B 正确。 58.C 推理题。根据本段最后一句 I had gone right from Tome Swift and His Flying Machine to Theodore Dreiser and Sister Carrie. Dreiser had hit my young mind, and they listened to me tell the story with some of the wonder that I had had in reading it.因为在那个时候在孩子和成年人 的读物之间的过渡的书籍并不多,所以我阅读了很多成年人的书,如 Tome Swift and His Flying Machine 到 Theodore Dreiser 和 Sister Carrie.其中的 Dreiser 对我的思想很有促动,他 们也听得很认真,主要是因为 Sister Carrie 给了他们更快乐。故 C 正确。 59.B 推理题。根据最后一段 I would stop at the most exciting part of a story by Jack London or Bret Harte, and without warning tell them that that was as far as I had gone in the book and it

would have to be continued the following evening.得知我经常在最精彩的地方停下了,第二天 再讲。我这样做是很有成就感,因为自己可以吸引别人来听我讲故事,这让我体验了成功的 喜悦。故 B 正确。 60.A 推理题。据文章第一段可知作者是一个很孤独的男孩,并没有融入到其他孩子之中。 但是他通过将故事吸引了其他孩子, 并在这一行动中体验了成功, 在孩子们有了自己的位置。 他是通过阅读获得了自己的位置的。故 A 正确。 【长难句解析】 Listening to a tale being told in the dark is one of the most ancient of man’s entertainments, but I was offering them as well, without being aware of doing it, a new and exciting experience. 【翻译】在黑暗里听故事是一个古老的娱乐形式,但是在他们没有意识到的情况下,我给了 他们一直新的令人兴奋的经历。 【分析】 本句中的主语是动名词短语 Listening to a tale being told in the dark, 其中的 being told in the dark 修饰名词 tale,后面主句中的介词短语 without being aware of doing it 是一个伴随 状语。


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