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高一英语阅读理解完形填空讲与练1


本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 高一英语阅读理解专讲专练含答案及解析一 先通读,后细读 阅读一篇文章,最好采用先通读、再细读的策略。首先要快速浏览全文,这一点非常重要。 因为一篇文章是一个整体, 是围绕一个中心思想组织的。 如果我们了解了文章大体讲的是什 么,有了整个篇章的结构模式,就有利于我们理顺句子或段落间的关系,准确地把握文章的 主旨,

同时也有利于我们在解题过程中有重点地细读部分内容。 一篇文章无论长短,要做到一口气读下来。对于生词,只要不妨碍我们理解主要内容,可暂 时放下不管。如果我们读读停停,左顾右盼,往往会把文章完整的体系读破了,有碍于对文 章整体的理解。在掌握了文章的大体内容后,我们再根据需要解答的问题逐句细读,认真分 析词义及句子结构,从而更准确地把握文章的具体内容。 Passage A 阅读理解 An old friend from California called from the airport to tell me that he had arrived. I was not able to leave the office, but I had made plans for his arrival. After explaining (解释) where my new house was, I told him that I had left the key under the doormat (门垫). Since I knew it would be pretty late before I could get home, I suggested that he make himself at home and help himself to anything that was in the refrigerator(电冰箱).① Two hours later my friend phoned me from the house. At the moment, he said, he was listening to some of my records after having had a delicious meal. Now, he said, he was drinking a glass of orange juice. When I asked him if he had had any difficulty finding the house, he answered that the only problem was that he had not been able to find the key under the doormat, but luckily, the living room window by the apple tree had been left open and he had climbed in through the window. I listened to all this in great surprise.② There is no apple tree outside my window, but there is one by the living room window of my next-door neighbor's house! 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. An old friend of mine called ______. A. to tell me to meet him at the airport C. to ask me to leave the office B. to tell me about his arrival

D. to ask me to make plans for his arrival

2. My friend climbed into the room because ______ . A. there was an apple tree outside B. the living room window was left open

C. he had difficulty opening the door D. he hadn't found the key 3. My friend telephoned me two hours later ______ . A. from my home C. in his office B. at the airport D. from my neighbor's house

学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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Passage B If you know me well, you know I don't like birthday parties. At least, I don't like birthday parties given for me.① I enjoy them when they ? re for other people, but when they ? re for me, I just don't like them. I remember one birthday party some friends of mine had for me when I was a student at the university. Of course, I had told my best friend Henry that I didn't want a party and I made him promise he wouldn't do anything. He agreed. I should have known better than to believe him.② On the day of my birthday, we got home from school at about, oh, I don't know, three or half past three. We went inside and as usual I went into the bathroom and started to close the door when suddenly from behind the shower curtain (浴 帘), a kind of strange female(女) voice started singing, “Happy birthday to you, happy birthday to you.” And then from all over the room, people joined in. There were about fifteen people hiding everywhere in the room. They had got my roommate's key and got in earlier. They had all planned to come out of the hiding place just at the same time while singing. I guess I really upset their plans by going in just to wash my hands.③ 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. Which of the following sentences is NOT true? A. I got home from school at 3 or 3:30 on the day of my birthday. B. I dislike birthday parties held for me. C. Henry agreed that he would not do anything on my birthday. D. I knew there were some of my friends hiding in my room. 2. I usually went into the ______ when I got home from school. A. living room B. bedroom C. bathroom D. dining room

3. What did my friends plan to do? A. They planned to leave the room as soon as possible. B. They planned to sing as loudly as they could. C. They planned to eat in the bathroom. D. They had planned to come out of hiding places together.

学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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In choosing a friend, one should be very careful. A good friend can help you study. You can have fun together and make each other happy. Sometimes you will meet fair-weather friends.① They will be with you as long as you have money or luck, but when you are down, they will run away. How do I know when I have found a good friend? I look for certain qualities (品质) of character, especially understanding, honesty and reliability (可靠). Above all else, I look for understanding in a friend. A good friend tries to understand how another person is feeling. He is not quick to judge. Instead, he tries to learn from others. He puts himself in the other person's place, and he tries to think of ways to be helpful. He is also a good listener. At the same time, however, a good friend is honest. He does not look for faults (过错) in others. He notices their good points. In short, a friend will try to understand me and accept me.② Another quality of a friend is reliability. I can always depend on (信赖) a good friend. If he tells me he will meet me somewhere at a certain time, I can be sure that he will be there. If I need a favor, he will do his best to help me. If I am in trouble, he will not run away from me. There is a fourth quality that makes a friend special. A special friend is someone with whom we can have fun.③ We should enjoy our lives, and we would enjoy our friendship. That is why I especially like friends who are fun to be with. A good friend likes the same things I like. We share experience (经验) and learn from each other. A good friend has a good sense of humor (幽默), too. He likes to laugh with me. That is how we share in the joy of being friends. And I know that he is looking for the same quality in me. When I meet someone who is reliable, honest, and understanding, I know I've found a friend! 1. Which of the following qualities the writer thinks is the most important in choosing a friend? A. understanding. B. honesty. C. reliability. D. a sense of humor. 2. If you have fair-weather friends, ______ . A. they will give you all that they have when you need help B. you will be refused when you get into trouble C. you will become rich D. you can be sure that you get real friends

3. Good friends need to ______. A. always point out each other's mistakes C. understand each other's feelings 4. This passage mainly discuss ______ . A. the qualities of a friend B. where to choose friends D. the importance of having a friend B. be helped with money D. have money or luck

C. how to get along with friends
学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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Passage D 完形填空 There are many kinds of friends. Some are always _1_ you, but don't understand you. Some say only a few words to you, but understand you. Many people will step in your life, but only __2__friends leave footprints (脚印). I shall always recall (回忆) the autumn and the girl with the_3__ . She will always bring back the friendship between us. I know she will always be my best friend. It was the golden season. I could see the yellow leaves _4___ on the cool_5__ . In such a season, I liked walking alone in the leaves, ___6_to the sound of them. Autumn is a__7___ season and life is uninteresting. The free days always get me __8__. But one day, the sound of a violin__9__ into my ears like a stream (小溪) flowing in the mountains. I was so surprised that I jumped to see what it was. A young girl, standing in the wind, was __10___ in playing her violin. I had__11__ seen her before. The music was so nice that I listened quietly. Lost in the music,① I didn't know that I had been __12___ there for so long but my existence (存在) did not seem to disturb her. Leaves were still falling. Every day she played the violin in the corner of the building __13___I went downstairs to watch her performance. I was the only listener. The autumn seemed no longer lonely and life became_14__ . __15__ we didn't know each other, I thought we were already good friends. I believe she also loved me. Autumn was nearly over. One day, when I was listening carefully, the sound suddenly__16__ . To my astonishment (惊讶), the girl came over to me. “You must like violin.” she said. “Yes. And you play very well. Why did you stop?” I asked. Suddenly, a __17__ expression appeared on her face and I could feel something unusual. “I came here to see my grandmother, but now I must leave. I once played very badly. It was your listening every day that__ 18 ___me.” she said. “In fact, it was your playing _19___ gave me a meaningful autumn,②” I answered, “Let's be friends.” The girl smiled, and so did I. I never heard her play again in my life. I no longer went downstairs to listen like before. Only thick leaves were left behind. But I will always remember the fine figure (身影) of the girl. She is like a__20__—so short, so bright, like a shooting star giving off so much light③ that it makes the autumn beautiful.

学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. A. with B. for C. against D. to 2. A. good B. true C. new D. old 3. A. sound B. song C. play D. violin 4. A. shaking B. hanging C. falling D. floating 5. A. wind B. snow C. air D. rain 6. A. watching B. listening C. seeing D. hearing 7. A. lively B. lovely C. harvest D. lonely 8. A. up B. off C. down D. over 9. A. flowed B. grew C. entered D. ran 10. A. lost B. active C. busy D. interested 11. A. once B. never C. often D. usually 12. A. waiting B. stopping C. standing D. hearing 13. A. because B. so C. when D. but 14. A. interesting B. moving C. encouraging D. exciting 15. A. But B. However C. Even D. Though 16. A. stopped B. began C. gone D. changed 17. A. happy B. sad C. strange D. surprised 18. A. surprised B. excited C. encouraged D. interested 19. A. that B. which C. it D. who 20. A. song B. dream C. fire D. sister

学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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Ⅲ.完形填空 (2011· 安徽皖南联考)There was once a young ballerina(芭蕾舞女演员)who had taken ballet lessons all through her childhood. She wanted to be a leading ballet dancer,but she wanted to be __21 about this.When a ballet company came to town,she went backstage after the __22and spoke to the ballet master: want to be a “I great ballet dancer but I don't know if I have the __23 at all.”The master said, “__24 for me.”After a minute or two,he shook his head and said, “No,no,no,you don't have what it takes to be a __25ballerina.”

The young woman went home 26.She threw the ballet slippers into the closet and never wore them again.27 she got married and had children.When the kids were 28enough,she took a parttime job 29 a cashier at a corner shop. __30 later, same ballet company came to town.She 31 the performance and on the way out she 32the same the old ballet master who was then in his eighties.She33him that they had spoken before.She 34 him photos of her children and told him about the corner shop job that she was doing now.And then she asked, “There is just one thing that really _35me for many years.Could you tell me that I don't have what it takes to be a great ballerina?” “Oh,I __37 looked at you when you danced.That's what I told all of them who __38to me, ”he said. “But...but, that's unforgivable! You have __39my life; could have been a great ballet dancer.” you really had I “If had that gift,you wouldn't have paid any __40 to what I said, ”the old ballet master said.Well,whose fault is it anyway? 21. A.careful 23.A.choice 25.A.great broken 27. A.However 29.A.like B. Therefore C. Instead D. Otherwise 28. A.clever B. old C. lovely D. dependent D.Days B. sorry C. anxious D. sure B.freedom C.talent B.serious C.beautiful 22. A.performance B. discussion C. lesson D. crowd

D.chance 24.A.Work D.patient

B.Prepare

C.Wait D.Dance C.hungry D.heart-

26.A.puzzled

B.excited

B.with

C.for D.as

30.A.Years

B.Months C.Weeks

31.A.played 33.A.promised

B.canceled C.hated D.attended32.A.ran into B.quarreled with C.believed in D.glared at B.advised C.reminded B.encouraged D.chatted 34.A.awarded D.bothered 37.A.secretly B.immediately C.hardly B. improved C. experienced D.proudly D. controlled B.showed C.sold D.mailed

35.A.interested

C.frightened D.Where

36.A.How B.Why C.When 38. A.contributed B. came 40.A.money B.effort

C. replied C.visit

D. wrote 39. A.ruined D.attention

学而思教育·学习改变命运 思考成就未来!

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