大连市五校 2013-2014 学年高二下学期尖子生竞赛考试 英语试题
说明：1.本试卷分Ⅰ卷、Ⅱ卷两部分，满分：150 分；考试时间：100 分钟。 2.客观题答案涂在答题纸上，主观题答在答题纸的相应位置上。
第I卷 第一部分 第二部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分）略 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15
小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table. I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked,“So, how have you been?”And the boy who could not have been more than seven or eight years old replied,“Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.” This incident stuck in my mind because it strengthened my growing belief that children are changing. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were“depressed”until we were in high school. The evidence of a change in children has increased steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike any more. Children speak more like adult s, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to. Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Childhood as it once was no longer exists. Why? Human development is based not only on born biological states, but also on
patterns of access to social knowle dge. Movement from one social role to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new situation. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages: traditionally, we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders. In the last 30 years, however, a secret-revelation machine has been fixed in 98 percent of American homes. It is called television. Television passes information, indiscriminately, to all viewers alike, whether they are children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation, many children turn thei r attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more vivid moving pictures. Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information to which children have access. Reading and writing involve a complex code of symbols that must be memorized and practised. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials. 21. Traditionally, a child is supposed to learn about the adult world _________ . A. through touch with society B. gradually and under guidance C. naturally and by biological instinct D. through exposure to social information 22. In the author’s opinion, the phenomenon that today’s children seem adultlike is caused by _____. A. the widespread influence of television B. the poor arrangement of teaching content C. the fast step of human intellectual development D. the constantly rising standard of living 23. Why is the author in favor of communication through print for children? A. It enables children to gain more social information.
B. It develops children’s interest in reading and writing. C. It helps children to memorize and practise more. D. It can control what children are to learn. 24. What does the author think of the change in today’s children? A. He feels amused by the children’s adultlike behavior. B. He thinks it is a phenomenon worthy of note. C. He considers it a positive development. D. He seems to be upset about it. B Some people in Manchester, Britain, will soon be paying for goods and services with so-called “smart” credit cards. These cards are more secure than the traditional magnetic-strip version and can be used to travel on buses, check bank accounts and do shopping. The Manchester project is one of the biggest smart card schemes in the world. Every time people use the cards on a bus or train, the fare is deducted (reduced) from the value of the card. When they have no credit left, the cards can be recharged at a local shop.
Information is transferred by running the card through a narrow opening in an electronic reader. In the slot, electronic probes make contact with the magnetic-strip or silicon ship and read the information. The other type is the
contactless smart card where the electronic reader communicates with the card by short-range radio waves. This makes the card quicker and more convenient to use because it does not have to leave your wallet. It is also more reliable as it is not
easily influenced by scratches or dirt. However, the biggest advantage that smart cards have over magnetic-strip cards is that they are more secure. They are much more difficult to make than conventional cards and they have to be made by specially trained manufacturers. In addition, they have a large number of extra security features on them and if a smart card gets lost or stolen a quick phone-call to the distributor ensures that its individual number is made invalid and unreadable. This can be done more quickly than with a magnetic-strip card. 25.A smart credit card can do many kinds of jobs because ____ . A. it is smart C. it has a silicon chip in it B. it is a plastic card D. it can be recharged
26. “ The cards can be recharged” means that ____ . A. the card can be put into a new charge of electricity B. the cards can be changed into new ones C. the cards can be put to use again D. the cards can be recycled 27. What are the advantages of smart credit cards over traditional ones? A. they can store more information C. they are more convenient to use B. they are more secure D. all of the above
28.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Contactless cards are more convenient to use than contact ones B. Smart cards are more expensive to manufacturer C. By means of long-range radio waves contactless cards can communicate with the electronic reader
D. A smart credit card and a normal plastic card are the same thing C News that Microsoft made a $44.6 billion bid to buy Yahoo resulted in heated discussions made by many Internet users. Here are some responses: Diane Burke of Weeks bury, Kentucky I think it would definitely be an interesting combination. Everyone recognizes the names Yahoo and Microsoft, but everyone also says, “Did you Google it?” Such a catchphrase is going to be hard to beat. Shaun Carney of Laurelville, Ohio I think the merger will provide more competitions for Google. I don’t think the merger will allow Microsoft to develop faster than Google, though. I believe the increased competition this merger brings will force Google to stay on top of its game by offering more fresh and original Internet tools and expanding on the tools it already offers.
Toni Suarez of Hacienda Heights, California I view the merger as a necessary element in preventing a monopolization. Perhaps it would bring better high technology innovations to e-mail and help in researching and developing a better Internet! Rick R. of Edgewater, Florida It sounds like a disaster to me. If this were to happen, I would stop using my Yahoo e-mail account because I don’t like the feeling of Microsoft spying upon my business. I will sign up for Google. Antonio Glosser of Kansas City, Missouri Right now, Yahoo offers a lot of features and tools at no cost for all different levels of Internet users. Microsoft seeks nothing but profit. Undoubtedly, they’ll do nothing other than find ways to start removing Yahoo’s formerly non-priced
features. Microsoft’s greed will ruin the great thing that Yahoo currently is. 29. How many companies are mentioned in the passage? A. One. B. Two. C. Three.
30. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Shaun’s attitude towards Google is passive. B. Toni believes the Internet will have a promising future. C. Rick will support Google after the merger. D. Antonio is afraid that the merger will cost Yahoo’s free features. 31. The passage is mainly about ______. A. opinions on the merger of Yahoo and Microsoft B. the strengths of Yahoo and Microsoft C. the strengths and weaknesses of large companies D. the future of Yahoo and Microsoft D After ruling the tennis world for almost five years, Roger Federer is adjusting to life at NO.2. But, like any king whose throne has been taken away, the Swiss star is already planning secretly his return to power, beginning at this week’s US Open. The problem is, many experts think he will never do it. They blame everything from age and tough competition to his racket and psychology. For years Federer, 27, had enjoyed the view from the top. Competitors saw him as undefeated, and for the most part he was. However, before the 2008 season began, Federer had an illness that stole his strength and clearly affected his play on the court. Ever since, he has struggled to return to form, winning just two of his last 14 tournament s. “Twenty-seven is an age when your body starts talking back to you.” tennis great John McEnroe told the New York Times.
Pancho Sefura, another tennis great, noted that Federer is also facing a maturing crop of young talents. “There are too many great players now,” he said, naming Britain’s Andy Murray, 21, and Latvia’s Ernests Gulbis, 20. US magazine Sports Illustrated tennis columnist Jon Wertheim suggested that part of Federer’s problem could be his insistence on using a small racket. He says that the smaller head demands ball control. But we see time and again that racket makers try to get players to use a certain stick — one they would like to market to consumers and it has a negative effect the professional game. Sports psychologist Jim Loehr told the Times that Federer is probably feeling “a sense of doubt” after being considered as undefeated for so long. If Federer is to recover his state of being undefeated, Loehr said he must overcome his doubt. “Federer doesn’t need fame and money. But he has to get better. He has to go to a whole new level. That’s the only way he stays in the game,” he said. As for beginning his first Grand Slam in ages as the NO.2 seed, Federer said it might be for the best. “Five years almost, I was expected to win every tournament I entered,” he said, “so maybe Rafael Nadal now feels what I had to feel for a very long time. It will be interesting to see how he handles it.” 32. What does the underlined sentence “your body starts talking back to you” in Para.4 mean? A. Your body often argues with you. B. You can do whatever you want. C. Your strength is beginning to decline.
D. You are more easily to have quite terrible diseases. 33. From the passage, we know the main reason why Federer’s throne was taken away is that _____. A. he is becoming older and older.
B. he insisted on using a small racket. C. he is facing a maturing crop of young talents. D. he had an illness that stole his strength. 34. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Now it is Nadal who has replaced Federer as the No.1tennis player. B. the racket makers aim at the players’ better performance in games. C. It is impossible for Federer to return to power. D. Federer has never won a Grand Slam before. 35. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Nadal — The No.1 Tennis Player B. Federer — Always Undefeated C. State of Mind Plays a Important Role D. Federer Hopes to Recover His Magic 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项 。 Public Speaking and Critical thinking What is critical thinking? To a certain degree, it's a matter of logic -- of being able to spot weakness in other people's arguments and to avoid them in your own. It also includes related skills such as distinguishing fact from opinion and assessing the soundness of evidence. In the broad sense, critical thinking is focused, organized thinking -- the ability to see clearly the relationships among ideas. __36__. The greatest thinkers, scientists, and inventors have often taken information that was really available and put it together differently to produce new ideas.That, too, is critical thinking. __37_. As the class goes on, for example, you will probably spend a good
deal of time organizing your speeches. While this may seem like a purely mechanical (机械的) exercise, it is closely connected wi th critical thinking. If the structure of your speech is loose and confused, chances are that your thinking is also disordered and confused. If, on the other hand, the structure is clear, there is a good chance your thinking is too. Organizing a speech is not just a matter of arranging your ideas you already have. __38__. What is true of organization is true of many aspects of public speaking. __39__. As you work on expressing your ideas in clear accurate language, you will improve your ability to think clearly and accurately. __40__. As you learn to listen critically to speeches in class, you will be better able to assess the ideas of speakers in a variety of situations. If you take full advantage of your speech class, you will be able to develop your skills as a critical thinker in many circumstances. This is one reason public speaking has been regarded as a vital part of education since the days of ancient Greece. A. Rather, it is an important part of shaping the ideas themselves. B. This may seem take a lot of time, but the rewards are well worth it. C. It may also help you to know that there is no such thing as a perfect speech. D. It has often been said that there are few new ideas in the world, only reorganized ideas. E. If you are wondering what this has to do with your public speaking class, the answer is quite a lot. F. The skills you learn in your speech class can help you become a more effective thinker in a number of ways. G. As you study the role of evidence and reasoning in speechmaking, you will see how they can be used in other forms of communication as well.
To be a real gentleman, you should know that true forgiveness is one of the most remarkable qualities a human can possess! In the fighting between two countries in the 1970s, a young man was walking from one village to the next when he was from the enemy country．The fighter 42 was to be 43 . But a（n） 44 thing happened．The young man, who had 46 45 military 41 by an armed guerrilla fighter
the young man down the hill where he
training, was able to disarm the fighter．Now, the table was fighter who was ordered down the hill． As they walked, 47 happening． Recalling the 48 who 49
and it was the
, the young man began to reflect on what was of his mother, "Love your enemies; do good to those
you." He found he could go no farther． 51 to go and turned
He 50 the gun into the bushes, told the fighter he was back 52 the hill．
Minutes later, he heard footsteps53 behind him as he walked．"Is this the end after all?" he 54 . Perhaps the fighter had got the gun and wanted to finish him off． But he continued on, 55 glancing back, until his enemy reached him, only to grab 56 for sparing his life． 57 ．And though it usually isn't an enemy in for mercy every day.
him in a hug and pour out
Mercy often wears the face of
uniform-that we are challenged to forgive, we have 58
Family members and friends, co-workers and neighbors and even strangers have 59 for our forgiveness. You know who they are.
As Mahatma Gandhi said, "The 60 attribute of the strong. " Be strong. Forgive. 41．A．shot 42．A．demanded 43．A．beaten 44．A．amazing 45．A．watched 46．A．turned 47．A．thus 48．A．expressions 49．A．forgive 50．A．packed 51．A．free 52．A．for 53．A．showing 54．A．shouted 55．A．seldom 56．A．marks 57．A．awareness 58．A．opportunities 59．A．need 60．A．lonely B．murdered B．reminded B．shot B．frightening B．received B．covered B．indeed B．plans B．hate B．dragged B．slow B．into B．waving B．counted B．never B．favors B．kindness B．explanations B．responsibility B．weak
can never forgive. Forgiveness is the
C．killed C．ordered C．accepted C．inspiring C．accepted C．moved C.therefore C．words C．instruct C．forced C．nervous C．up C．running C．wondered C．always C．thanks C．safeness C．hopes C．patience C．healthy
D．caught D．required D．driven D．confusing D．suggested D．repaired D．however D．signals D．help D．threw D．eager D．down D．jumping D．argued D． sometimes D．reasons D．forgiveness D．lessons D．energy D．calm
第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节： （共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） Complete the chart Directions: Read the following passage. Complete the diagram by using the information for the passage. Write NO MORE THAN 3 WORDS for each answer. Aids today Aids, the short form for acquired immune deficiency syndrome, is caused by a virus called HIV, which enters a person’s blood and attacks the body’s immune (免 疫的) system. There is no cure for HIV or Aids, and after a person has been infected, he or she will always carry the virus. Sometimes, infected people have no outward symptoms. HIV and Aid s are spreading across the world at a frightening rate, with about 14,000 people being infected daily. The virus is spread in three ways -- through unprotected sex, blood-blood contact and mother-to-child transmission. Unprotected sex is the most common way that the virus is spread, accounting for 75 percent of adult infections worldwide. Although many people are familiar with Aids and how it is transmitted, more than a few people hold the view that HIV and Aids are an African problem because the infection rates there are very high. However, HIV and Aids are a problem all over the world. Since the disease was discovered in the 1980s, it has become a serious problem in many places, infecting over 60 million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization estimates from 2005, more than 4 million children had died from Aids, and more than 14 million children had lost their parents to Aids. All of this makes it clear that something must be done to stop this deadly disease. The government is working hard to control the Aids epidemic and has opened labs to test and monitor the disease. In 2003, the government also started providing free drugs for Aids patients in need. The United Nations has been very involved in fighting HIV and Aids around the world for many years now. UNAIDS, an organization founded in 1996, helps prevent the spread of Aids. The work includes providing infected people with help
from doctors and testing for people. The organization also offers programs that teach Aids prevention to young people and sets up treatment centers.
AIDS is (61) _________________ for acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
Through (63) _______________ sex (62)_______ ways Through blood-blood contact Through mother-to-child 64) _____________
Serious problem caused by AIDS: infecting over 60,000 65) ___________ people; over 4 million children’s (66)__________; 14 million children (67)_________ parents.
(68)_________ taken by governments or organizations
Labs testing and (69)___________ the disease have been opened. An organization was founded to prevent the speed of Aids, (70)____________ people with help from doctors, teach Aids prevention to young people and sets up treatment centers.
写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增 加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（╲）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
not always had beneficial results. Today, pollution of the air and water is a increasing danger to the health of the planet. Like we know, massive destruction of environment has brought in negative effects and even poses a great threat to man’s existence. Therefore, effective measures should be taken and laws pass to conserve environment. Otherwise, man is certain to suffer the serious consequences causing by this lack of care for his living surroundings. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 下图中欧阳的妈妈正在与老师交谈， 请根据图画所给提示， 用英语写一篇 短文，发表自己的感想。
2013—2014 学年度下学期省五校高二尖子生竞赛 外语答案
短文改错 第一句：their 改为 his 第二句：去掉 that 第三句：Thus 改为 However; change 改为 changes 第四句：a 改为 an 第五句：Like 改为 As; in 改为 about; 第六句：pass 改为 passed 第七句：suffer 后加 from; causing 改为 caused
作文 One day, OuYang’s mum was talking with his teacher. When the teacher asked OuYang’s mum what shortcomings he had, the mother talked a lot. While being asked about her son’s advantages, she kept silent, not knowing what to say. The picture reflects a real problem in our daily family life. The parents try to satisfy their children physically, arranging everything for their children. As a result, they expect their children should get good marks in return. They think the children must follow their advice, no matter whether it is suitable to their children. However, when children don’t obey their will or can’t live up to their expectations, they will complain a lot. In a word, too much and little communication make the love selfish.
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