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高考英语完形填空、阅读理解精练各三篇(附详细解析)


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高考英语完形填空、阅读理解精练各三篇(附详细解析)
纵观近几年高考完形填空题,我们不难发现:1、语境选择项增多;2、选项设计一般为同一词类,或属同一范畴; 3、难选之处前后多有暗示;4、选材多为具有一定故事情节的记叙文或以叙为主的议论文。 根

据高考试题的特点和命题的发展趋势,在复习备考中,对记叙文、以叙为主的议论文及某些具有一定哲理和 教育意义的纯议论性短文都要加强练习。笔者精选三篇不同体裁的典型文章进行供同学们练习,并附详细解析, 希望能帮助同学们在这一题型上积累经验,有所突破。 ( A ) In 1989 an 8.2 earthquake almost flattened America, killing over 30,000 people in less than four minutes. In the middle of complete damage and disorder, a father rushed to the school where his son was supposed to be, ___1__ that the building was ___2___. After the unforgettably shock, he ___3___ the promise he had made to his son: "No matter ___4___, I'll always be there for you!" And tears began to ___5___ his eyes. As he looked at the pile of ruins, it looked hopeless, but he kept remembering his ___6___ to his son. He rushed there and started ___7___ the ruins. As he was digging, other helpless parents arrived, ___8___: "It's too late! They're all dead! ___9___, face reality, there's nothing you can do!" To each parent he responded with ___10___: "Are you going to help me now?" No one helped. And then he continued to dig for his son, stone by stone. Courageously he went on alone because he needed to know ___11___: "Is my boy ___12____ or is he dead?" He dug for eight hours...12 hours...24 hours...36 hours...then, in ___13____ hour, he pulled back a large stone and heard his son's __14____. He screamed his son's name, "ARMAND!" He heard back, "Dad!?! It's me, Dad! I told the other kids not to worry. I told them that if you were alive, you __15____ me and __16____ you saved me, they'd be saved. You promised, 'No matter what happens, I'll always be there for you!' You did it, Dad!" "What's going on in there? " the father asked. "There are 14 of us __17____ __18____ 33, Dad. We're scared, hungry, thirsty and thankful you're here. When the building collapsed, it made __19____, and it saved us." "Come out, boy!" "No, Dad! Let the other kids out first, __20____ I know you'll get me! No matter what happens, I know you'll always be there for me!" 1. A. only discovering B. only to discover C. only realizing D. only to realize 2. A. as flat as a pancake B. as high as a mountain C. as strong as an ox D. as weak as a kitten 3. A. memorized B. forgot C. kept D. remembered 4. A. what B. what happen C. which D. who 5. A. fill B. fill in C. come D. burst 6. A. picture B. promise C. present D. encourage 7. A. digging B. digging through C. digging out D. digging into 8. A. to say B. said C. and saying D. saying 9. A. Come out B. Come again C. Come on D. Come off 10. A. one word B. one sound C. one row D. one line 11. A. for himself B. of himself C. by himself D. to himself 12. A. live B. living C. alive D. lively th 13. A. 38 B. the 38 C. 38 D. the 38th 14. A. sound B. voice C. noise D. tone 15. A. will save B. would save C. save D. would have saved 16. A. when B. because C. even if D. though
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17. A. remained 18. A. for 19. A. a promise 20. A. because

B. missing B. behind B. space B. though

C. left C. out of C. room C. when

D. gone D. over D. a triangle D. even though

本文是一篇故事情节较强的记叙文。文章讲述了“父亲如何履行自己曾对儿子许下的诺言” ,故事生动、感人, 极富吸引力。 记事性记叙文相对而言,难度不大,考生容易把握文意,通过理解主题句,按照记叙文的基本要素理清文章的主 题、背景、时间、地点、人物、事件经过等,把握文章的发展方向,就能顺利达到“完形”的目的。 解题指导: 1. B only to do sth.“结果却,不料” ,作结果状语,表示该结果在主语的预料之外;现在分词作结果状语,表示 由主句所产生的逻辑上的结果。 realize 在脑海里经过思维“认识到,了解” ;find 在表面上就能“发现, 看出” 。 2. A 这四个选项都是英语成语,根据本段第一句 an 8.2 earthquake almost flattened America 判断,选择 A 项。 3. D 从意义上判断, “他想起了他曾对他儿子许下的诺言” ;memorized 是“背诵,熟记” 。 4. A 从结构上分析,该句是省略了谓语动词的省略句,省略谓语之后,意义仍然清楚,如不省略动词,则使用第 三人称单数 happens。从意义上分析,可排除 C、D 项。 5. A 表示 “流泪” , 这几个动词都可能表示这种意义, 但句式搭配不同, 其表现形式分别为 Tears fill his eyes; Tears come into his eyes;He bursts into tears。 6. B 从上下文意义判断, “他不停地想起他对他儿子许下的诺言” 。 7. B 动词和动词短语是完形填空设项的重点之一。此题要分清这四项的不同含义。dig 及物动词, “掘(土) ,挖” ; dig through“ (为找??)在??里挖掘” ;dig out “发掘出” dig into“钻研” 。 8. D 从结构上分析,应该用现在分词作伴随状语,用 and 则表示并列,用 said。 9. C Come on 表示劝说,不耐烦,意为“得啦! ,来! ” ,可用 Come, Come,代替。 10. D 从词义上判断 one line “一句话 (台词) ” , A 项中的 one word 干扰性较大, 它表示 “一个词” , 如用 words 是 正确的。 11. A “介词+反身代词”有固定含义,for oneself 独自地,亲自;by oneself 单独地;of oneself 自行地,自动地; to oneself 对(着)自己。 12. C 这四个词都有“活着的”之意,live 仅用作定语,作表语用 living ,alive 。living 和 alive 在意义上有细微 差别,living 可作定语和表语,含有“本以为死了,然而还活着” ,又如:I can’t believe my first teacher is still living。alive 作表语和后置定语,其含义与 dead 相对应。lively“生动的,活跃的” 。 13. D “在第 38 小时的时候,??” ,序数词之前要用定冠词。 14. B 注意这四个词的区别:sound “ (各种)声音” ;voice “ (人们说话的)嗓音” noise“ (不悦耳的)嘈音” ; tone“ (人们说话的)语气,语调” 。 15. B 这是表将来的虚拟语气,主句中用 would +动词原形,从下文的句子中也能找到类似的句子。 16. A 从意义上判断, “如果你来救我,他们也会得救。 ”是条件状语从句,应该用 if 引导,然而选项中没有 if, when 与 if 同义,引导条件状语从句。even if 引导让步状语从句。 17. C 此题包含一个固定句型:There are … left. “还有??剩余下来” 。 18. C 14 …out of 33 意为:33 人中有 14 人活下来。out of “从??里面” 。特别注意此题中的介词与前面的 left 没有任何联系。如果没有意识到这点,极可能会选错。 19. D 从意义上判断, “房屋倒塌时,自然形成的三角空隙” 。而 make room; make space 意为“ (有意识地)为?? 腾出空间” 。 20. A 从上下文意义判断,此句为原因状语从句。 ( B ) My ears are recently full of joyous remarks from my friends such as, “oh, Beckham is so handsome, so cool, that I can’t help falling in love with him!” Or “what perfect skills he has!” Yeah, I agree 1 some degree, though I sometimes do want
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to ask them how much they 2 Beckham, apart from his appearance and how much they know about football 3 scoring goals. It seems funny that we are crazy for things, with which we are unfamiliar or 4 we are uncertain, but we all, my friends 5 I, consider this 6 . We need these pleasures to brighten up our lives. But that doesn’t amount to craziness 7 nonsense (胡闹) . As an old saying 8 : “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” We should not 9 anything from its appearance. We should all know, it is one’s good character and great contribution that 10 one a star and unforgettable. Therefore we’d better say 11 about Beckham’s good looks. If we close our eyes, 12 in deep thought, we can find that the things 13 us to be in truth happy, sad or moved 14 a clear meaning. If we don’t go deeper and just satisfied with superficial(表面的)things, 15 we will find that we have not really gained anything 16 our first impression has blinded and misled us, and we’ll remain ignorant(愚昧无知的) 17 we realize that and make some changes. It is believed that thinking and going deeper than before is sign of great 18 . If one day we are willing to go deeper into everything, no matter how much it 19 us, we will finally prove how much we have grown up, how much more sensible (明智的), mature, and intelligent we have 20 . 1.A. to B. on C. in D. at 2. A. learn from B. learn C. know D. know about 3. A. rather than B. except for C. except D. apart from 4. A. with which B. about that C. about which D. which 5. A. not B. as well as C. rather than D. but 6. A. one of life’s pleasures B. pleasures of life C. one of life’s sorrow D. one of life’s regrets 7. A. nor B. and C. or D. or else 8. A. speaks B. talks C. tells D. goes 9.A. take B. judge C. accept D. conclude 10. A. makes B. causes C. builds D. create 11. A. more B. much C. worse D. less 12. A. fell B. fallen C. falling D. fall 13. A. that move B. that moves C. move D. moves 14. A. lack B. have C. include D. cover 15. A. in fact B. indeed C. in a while D. sooner or later 16. A. so B. even though C. because D. although 17. A. even if B. although C. unless D. if 18. A. joy B. progress C. effort D. work 19. A. cares B. pains C. worries D. minds 20. A. come B. made C. had D. become 本文是一篇具有一定哲理和教育意义的、夹叙夹议的议论文。文章通过讲述“盲目追星”这一事例,阐明了“看 问题不要只看表面,而要‘Go Deep’注重内含”这一论点。 近几年高考完形填空题多采用这种体裁,必须引起高度重视。这类短文常常引用某一具体事例加以阐发,分析 事物的发展方向,从而得出结论。文章的结构严谨,逻辑性较强。对学生的语篇整体理解能力和连贯思维能力有较 高的要求。 解题指导: 1.A 介词的固定搭配, “在某种程度上” 。 2.D know about “了解”从下文中也能找到相同的短语。 3.D apart from “除??外,还有??” ,具有“附加性质” 。 其他选项具有“排他性质” 。从上文中也能找到相 同的短语。
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4.C 此题为“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句,about 与 be uncertain 搭配。 5.B 从上文中的 we all 判断, “不仅仅是我,还有我的朋友” 。 6.A 从结构上判断,此句含有宾语和宾补结构,宾语为 this,后用单数。从下文的意义上判断,为“生活中的乐 趣之一” 。 7.C 否定句中用 or 连接。 “不要达到疯狂和胡闹的程度” 。 8.D “正如俗语所说的” ,此四个选项都有“说”之意,然而它们都有自己的搭配,A. speaks“说语言,演讲” ; B. talks “交谈” ;C. tells“告诉” ;如用 says 是正确的,此题中的 goes 与 says 同义。 9.B judge…by… 或 judge… from…“根据??判断” ,从上句中能找到相同的意义。 10.A “是一个人好的品德和贡献才得以成为明星” 。make 之后接复合宾语。 11.D 从上下文意义上判断, “在外貌上要少说” 。 12.C 从句子结构上分析,用现在分词形式作伴随状语。 13.A 从句子结构上分析,此处为定语从句,that 代替先行词 things,所以谓语用复数形式,关系代词在从句中作 主语,that 不能省略。 14.B 此句的句子结构较复杂,主语是前面的 the things ,此题要填谓语动词,由于主语和谓语之间有一个定语从 句,造成了句子的复杂性。意义为“??有明确的意义” 。 15.D 从意义上判断, “如果我们不注重内含,满足表面的东西,迟早会发现我们将一无所获” 。 16.C 从句子的连接上分析有“因果”关系。 17.C 从意义上判断, “除非我们意识到这点并做某些改变,否则的话??” 。 18.B 从意义上判断, “更注重内含是一个人进步(成熟)的象征” 。 19.B pains 在此为及物动词,意为“费(苦)心” ,这种意义与上下文是相通的。 20.D 根据句子结构判断,应该用系动词。 ( C ) Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are ___1___ than housewives, Evidence(证据) shows that ___2___ are in poorer health than the job-holders. A study shows ___3___ the unemployment rate increases by 1%, the death rate increases correspondingly(相应地)by 2%. All this ___4___ one point: Work is helpful to health. Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy, __5____ loneliness and solitude(孤独). Researches show that people feel __6____ and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are ___7___. Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as ___8___ between man and reality. By work, people ___9___ each other. By collective(集体的) activity, they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work __10___ the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him liable to(易于)___11___. __12____, work gives one a sense of fulfillment (充实感)and a sense of ___13___. Work makes one feel his value and status in society. When ___14___ finishes his writing or a doctor successfully __15____ a patient or a teacher sees his students ___16___, they are happy __17____. From the above we can come to the conclusion ___18___ the more you work, __19____ you will be. Let us work hard, __20___ and live a happy and healthy life. 1. A. more healthier B. healthier C. weaker D. worse 2. A. career women B. the busy C. the jobless D. the hard-working 3. A. that whenever B. whether C. that though D. since 4. A. comes down to B. equals to C. adds up to D. amounts to 5. A. 不填 B. off C. in touch with D. away from 6. A. happy, interested B. glad, joyful C. cheerful, concerned D. unhappy, worried 7. A. busy B. free C. lazy D. empty
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8. A. a river B. a gap 9. A. come across C. look down upon 10. A. means B. stands 11. A. success B. death 12. A. Besides B. Nevertheless 13. A. disappointment B. achievement 14. A. a worker B. a farmer 15. A. manages B. controls 16. A. raise B. grow 17. A. in a word B. without a word 18. A. that B. which 19. A. the lonelier and weaker C. happier and healthier 20. A. study well B. studying well

C. a channel D. a bridge B. come into contact with D. watch over C. equals D. matches C. victory D. disease C. However D. Yet C. regret D. apology C. a writer D. a manager C. operates on D. deals with C. rise D. increase C. at a word D. beyond words C. what D 不填. B. lonelier and weaker D. the happier and healthier C. study good D. studying good

本文是一篇议论文。作者围绕“努力工作有益于身体健康”这一论点进行展开。 体裁为纯议论性的完形填空题也是高考命题的一大趋势,对考生来说,这类试题有一定的难度。解题时不仅要注 意句子中的词语搭配,更要从整体上把握文章的结构,按照文章的行文逻辑进行合理的推断。如本题中的第 2、6、7、 12、13、19 小题。 解题指导: 1. B 从文章的主题句 Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women.分析,可得出 “职业妇女比家庭主妇更健康” 。A 项为语法错误。 2. C 根据上一句进行逻辑推理, “没有工作的人比有工作的人身体差” 。 3. A 从结构上分析,在宾语从句中又有一个时间状语从句。意为“研究表明当失业率上升 1%,死亡率相应上升 2%。 ” 4. A 动词短语意义的区别是完形填空的常考点,考生须平时注意积累。come down to“归结为” ;equal to“等于” ; add up to “合计” ;amount to“总共到;相当于” 。 5. D 此题的干扰性较大,需从意义和结构两方面进行分析,A 项“不填”似乎有可能,但从结构上推敲,显然不 符“keep sb. + adj.”结构;再从意义上分析,可排除 B、C 项。此题的意义为“使人们免遭孤独和寂寞” 。 6.D 从下文…and lonely when they have nothing to do 进行逻辑推理,意义为“没事做的人会感到 unhappy, worried and lonely” 。 7.A 从上下文逻辑上判断。 “最快乐的人是那些大忙人。 ” 8. D 从下一句分析,意为“工作当作人与现实生活联系的桥梁” 。 9. B 从意义上判断, “通过工作人们相互联系(接触) ” 。 10. A means“意味着” 。 11. D 从意义上分析,A、C 项不符合上下文的逻辑关系,B 项过于严重,还达不到“死亡”的程度。 12. A 从文章的篇章结构上分析,上文讲述的是工作给人们带来的益处,下文还是讲述这方面的内容,属“递进” 的关系,而不是“转折”的关系。所以选 A。 13. B 从意义上判断,此题必须同前面的 a sense of fulfillment(充实感)意义相类似。所以选 B 项,意为“成就感” 14. C 从下文的 his writing 可判断出答案。 15. C 根据医生从事的工作性质可断定是“成功地为病人动手术” 。 16. B “老师看到学生成长” ,主要表示在知识、阅历上的长进。 17. D beyond words“无法用语言表达” ;in a word“简言之” ;without a word “二话没说” ; at a word“反应迅速 地,立即” 。 18. A 从语法结构上分析,conclusion 之后为一个同位语从句,根据同位语从句的特点,that 不能省略,也不能用
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which 和 what。 19. D 从全文意义上分析, “工作越多,人就会越高兴、越健康” 。而不是“越寂寞、越虚弱” 。从句子结构上分析, 此题含有一个“the more … ,the more…”句型。 20. A 从句子结构上判断,此句为三个谓语动词并列。同时注意修饰动词要用副词 well,不能用形容词 good。

英语阅读理解精练三篇附详细解析
(A) Ed Viesturs grew up in Rockford, Illinois, where the tallest thing on the horizon was the water tower. But on Thursday, Viesturs became the only American to climb to the top of the world's 14 highest mountains. His last hike was up Mount Annapurna, in Asia's snowcapped Himalayas. At 26,545 feet, its peak is the 10th highest in the world. It is the mountain that inspired him to start climbing. "It tends to be the trickiest, the most dangerous," said Viesturs. "There's no simple way to climb it. There are threatening avalanches (雪崩) and ice falls that protect the mountain." In high school, Viesturs read French climber Maurice Herzog's tale of climbing the icy Annapurna. Herzog's story was of frostbite (冻伤) and difficulty and near-death experiences. Viesturs was hooked right away. Viesturs got his start on Washington's Mount Rainier in 1977, guiding hikes in the summer. Fifteen years ago, he set out to walk up to the world's highest peaks. Finally, he's done. The pioneering climber talks about mountains as if they were living creatures that should be treated with respect. "You have to use all of your senses, all of your abilities to see if the mountain will let you climb it," said Viesturs. "If we have the patience and the respect, and if we're here at the right time, under the right circumstances, they allow us to go up, and allow us to come down." What's next for a man who can't stop climbing? "I'm going to hug my wife and kids and kind of kick back and enjoy the summer," says Viesturs. But for a man who's climbed the world's 14 tallest mountains, he will probably soon set off on yet another adventure. 1. What record has Ed Viesturs set? A. He has succeeded in climbing to the world’s 14th highest mountain. B. He has been to the top of the world’s 14 highest mountains. C. He has become the first to climb to the height of 26,545feet. D. He has become the first man to climb to the top of 14 highest mountains in the world. 2. The underlined word “hooked” in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by “______”. A. frightened B. discouraged C. interested D. upset 3. The author used Viestures’ words in Paragraph 6 to support a view that ______. A. mountain climbing is a dangerous sport B. mountains should be regarded as living creatures C. mountain climbing needs more skills than physical energy D. those who like mountain climbing won’t stop climbing 4. What’s the next probably plan of Viestures? A. Stopping climbing and staying with his family. B. Climbing to the top of the world’s 14 tallest mountains again. C. Climbing another one of the highest mountains. D. Writing down the experiences about his adventure.
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(B) Although hurricane season doesn't begin until June 1, a Pacific storm has already struck. El Salvador, which was ruined by a Caribbean storm in 1995, was hit by Hurricane Adrian on Friday. This is the first Pacific-born hurricane to ever reach land in this Central American country. Some 14,000 people left from the western coast of El Salvador. The storm weakened as it crossed land, heading east. Heavy rains created deadly flooding problems in the hurricane's wake. Adrian is the first Pacific storm of the season. It reported maximum continuous winds of 75 miles per hour, the minimum strength of a hurricane. A Category 3 hurricane, Adrian also caused damage and flooding in Honduras. It is expected to break up before reaching the Caribbean Sea on the eastern coast of Central America. Hurricane season typically begins June 1 and lasts through November 30. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has predicted (预告) seven to nine hurricanes for the 2005 season. "It is difficult to make any kind of an exact prediction of how many of these will strike land," NOAA administrator Conrad Lautenbacher said. He predicts two to three hurricanes will strike the U.S. this season. Last year, six of nine hurricanes reached Category 3 strength or higher. Four of those hit Florida within a six-week period. Altogether, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne caused more than $40 billion in damage in the Sunshine State. This year's forecast is based on ocean temperatures. Warmer temperatures produce more tropical storms, which can then turn into hurricanes. "The issue, really, this year is the unusually warm sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic," said Frank Lepore of the National Hurricane Center. 5. Which of the following is the 2005 first hurricane? A. Charley. B. Adrian. C. Jeanne. D. Frances. 6. How many countries struck by the hurricane are mentioned in the text? A. Six. B. Nine. C. Five. D. Three. 7. We can infer that warmer ocean temperatures ______. A. have nothing to do with the hurricane B. cause less hurricane C. are more likely to cause the hurricanes D. do a lot of damage to the areas along the coast 8. The passage implies that _______. A. hurricane season comes early this year B. every hurricane formed in oceans could cause great damage to the land C. hurricane often comes in winter and spring D. tropical storm is more severe than hurricane (C) It's not quite a rat. Nor is it a squirrel, or a mouse. It's definitely a rodent (啮齿目动物), and it's also a brand-new family of mammals. The locals of the Southeast Asian country of Laos call the creature a kha-nyou (ga-nyou). The kha-nyou have long body hair, short legs, and a hairy tail less thick than a squirrel's. They're vegetarians living in the rocky hills of Laos, and they come out at night, but for more information, you'll have to ask the Lao people. "It was for sale on a table next to some vegetables. I knew immediately it was something I had never seen before," said Robert Timmins, a researcher for the Wildlife Conservation Society. Timmins was working in Laos to stop people from selling endangered animals when he spotted the species. Criminals who trade illegal wildlife can make a lot of money, but they also push the animals closer to disappearing from the planet. The kha-nyou live in karsts, or rough rock. Mark Robinson, a scientist with the World Wildlife Foundation, set out with Lao villagers to find a few more of the rodents for study. They climbed onto a karst, trapped with rice, and caught several.
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"To find something so unusual in this day and age is just extraordinary," said Timmins. "For all we know, this could be the last remaining animal family left to be discovered." It's a big deal to discover an entirely new family of animals. Humans, for instance, belong to the same family as great apes, chimpanzees, and gorillas. So even though kha-nyous look like rats, they're really very different. The last time scientists discovered a new family of mammals may have been in the 1970s, when they found new bats in Thailand. Timmins seems to have the gift for finding new animals in Laos—he discovered a new species of rabbit there in 1999. Scientists call the kha-nyou Laonastes aenigmamus, which means "mysterious mouse that lives among the stones." But if that's too hard, Timmins and Robinson suggest you call them "rock rats." 9. Which of the following is not the name for this new creature? A. Karsts. B. Kha-nyou. C. rock rats. D. Laonastes aenigmamus. 10. Which of the following cannot describe the new species of rodent? A. They live among the rocky hills of Laos. B. They live on meat of other animals. C. They look like rats but are of different kind. D. They are of the latest discovery of a new species. 11. Which of the following is the last discovery of new species of animal except the rodent? A. A new kind of bats. B. Great apes. C. A new kind of squirrel. D. A new kind of rabbit. 12. It implies in the passage that ______. A. finding a new animal family in Southeast Asia is easy B. finding a new animal family in modern time is extremely rare C. in Southeast Asia new species of animals are often discovered D. animals that look like the same are of the same family 参考答案及详解 (A) 这是一篇人物类短文。本文介绍了登山之王 Viesturs 的登山成就。他是唯一已经成功地征服了 14 座世界最高峰的 美国人。 1. B 细节理解题。 根据第一段的第二句话 “But on Thursday, Viesturs became the only American to climb to the world’s 14 highest mountains.”可知:Viesturs 已经成功地征服了 14 座世界最高峰的美国人。 2. C 词义猜测题。根据上文介绍的 Viesturs 的登山成就推测,hooked 意为“感兴趣的” 。如果是“被吓倒、泄气或 不安” ,就不可能取得那么辉煌的成就,显然,这几项不符文意。 3. B 段落主旨题。 此段首句 “The pioneering climber talks about mountains as if they were living creatures that should be treated with respect.”就是本段的主题,下文 Viesturs 所说的话是用来说明这一主题的。 4. C 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段最后一句“But for a man who’s climbed the world’s 14 tallest mountains, he will probably soon set off on yet another adventure”可得答案。 (B) 这是一篇自然类短文。飓风的发生一般是有季节性的,但今年飓风比以往来得更早,这与海洋温度的升高有密切 关系。 5. B 细节理解题。根据第一段的第二句话“El Salvador… was hit by Hurricane Adrian on Friday.”可知 6. D. 细节理解题。受 hurricane 侵袭的国家在文中提到的只有三个:El Salvador, the U.S., and Honduras. Florida 是 美国的一个州名,其余 Charley, Frances, Ivan Jeanne 等指的是飓风的名称而非国名。 7. C 推断题。 根据倒数第二段的第二句话 “Warmer temperatures produce more tropical storms, which can then turn into hurricane ”可知。 8. A 推断题。根据第一段的第一句话“Although hurricane season doesn’t begin until June 1, a Pacific storm already struck.”可知:今年的飓风比以往来得更早些。
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(C) 这是一篇科普类短文。本文介绍了有关动物种类发现的最新动态,一种貌似老鼠,却与老鼠不同的全新的哺乳动 物。 9. A 细节理解题。根据第四段的第一句话“The Kha-nyou live in Karsts, or rough rock.”可知 Karsts 表示地方,并不 是名称。 10. B 细节理解题。根据第二段第三句“They’re vegetarians living in the rocky hills of Laos”可知:rodent 是蔬食者 而非肉食者。 11. D 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句“he discovered a new species of rabbit there in 1999”可得答案。 12. B 推断题。根据第五段及全文意义推断可知:在现代,由于某种原因(如:环境污染,人们捕杀) ,要发现一 种新的动物种类是罕见。

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