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曼德拉英文简介


纳尔逊· 罗 利赫拉赫 拉·曼德拉 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

He was born in South Africa in 1918.
Graduated from Witwatersrand University(威特沃特斯兰德大 学)and got LLB degree.(法学学士 学位)

? He took his first action when he was still at university in 1940.He took part in a student’s strike(罢课) and expelled(开除) from school。
? He joined in African National Congress in 1944.((ANC)南 非非洲人国民大会。简称:非国大 )

In 1944 he founded the ANC Youth League (非国大青年联盟)

? The new government carried out apartheid(种族 隔离政策)in 1948.

? Mandela was elected to be the leader of the ANC Youth League.in 1948.

Mandela led many peaceful actions during 1950s. There are several main actions: 蔑视运动;召开南非人民代表大会, 通过“自由宪章”····· ····

Mandela was arrested in 1956.12.05 and indicted with treason.(叛国罪) The court found Mandela not guilty in 1961. Mandela began military actions in 1961.12.16. He visited several African countries in 1962.

In 1962,Mandela was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison with hard labor. In 1964,Mndela was sentenced to life imprisonment(终生监禁).

Mandela’s room

In 1990.02.11, the government released Mandela because of the public opinion pressure.

Mandela received the Nobel Peace prize in 1993

MANDELA was elected to be the first black president of South Africa in 1994.

?Mandela finished his duty of president in 1999.And he decided not to fight an election

Sport is an important part of his life. He loves boxing

Young Mandela

FREEDOM FIGHTER


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