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【步步高 人教版】2016届高三英语大一轮复习《Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquakes》文档


1.atanend 结束;终结

2.rightaway 立刻;马上

3.eventn.事件;大事 4.rescuen.&vt.援救;营救 5.trapvt.使陷入困境 n.陷阱;困境 6.digout 掘出;发现 7.buryvt.埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 8.disastern.灾难;灾祸 9.a (great) numberof 许

多;大量的 10.damagen.&vt.损失;损害 11.uselessadj.无用的;无效的;无益的 12.reportern.记者→reportv.报道 13.burstvi.(burst,burst) 爆裂;爆发 n.突然破裂;爆发 14.ruinn.废墟;毁灭 vt.毁灭;使破产→inruins 严重受损;破败不堪 15.nationn.民族;国家;国民→nationaladj.国家的,民族的→nationalityn.国籍 16.extremeadj.极度的→extremelyadv.极其,非常 重点 识记 词汇 17.injurevt.损害;伤害→injuredadj.受伤的→injuryn.伤害;损害 18.electricityn.电;电流;电学→electricadj.用电的;带电的;发电的→electricaladj. 与电有关的;电学的 19.frightenvt.使惊吓;吓唬→frightenedadj.受惊的;受恐吓的→frighteningadj.令人恐 惧的 20.judgevt.断定;判断;判决 n.裁判员;法官;评判员→judgementn.判断,审判, 判断力,意见 21.destroyvt.破坏;毁坏→destructionn.破坏→destructiveadj.破坏性的,毁灭性的 22.congratulationn.祝贺;(复数)贺词→congratulatev.祝贺 23. shockvt.&vi.(使)震惊; 震动 n. 休克; 打击; 震惊→shockedadj.震惊的→shockingadj. 令人震惊的 24. expressvt.表示; 表达 n. 快车; 速递→expressionn. 词语; 表达; 表示→expressiveadj. 富于表情的;有表现力的

1.Inthefarmyards,thechickensandeventhepigsweretoonervoustoeat. 在农家大院里的鸡,甚至连猪都紧张得不想吃食。 2.Itseemedasiftheworldwasatanend! 好像世界末日到了。 必背 经典 句式 3.Everywheretheylookednearlyeverythingwasdestroyed. 人们无论朝哪里看,那里的一切都几乎被毁了。 4.Allhopewasnotlost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 5.Miceranoutofthefieldslookingforplacestohide. 老鼠跑出田地,寻找地方躲藏。 6.Thousandsoffamilieswerekilledandmanychildrenwereleftwithoutparents. 成千上万的家庭被毁,许多孩子成了孤儿。 构词 记忆 en- enable/I′neIbl/vt.使能够;使成为可能;使实现 encourage/In′k?rId?/vt.鼓励;支持;促进 enlarge/In′lɑ? d?/vt.扩大;扩充;放大(照片) vi.增大

Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A.语境填词 1.Theirfailureinthisareahasdamaged(损害) theirselfconfidenceandcredibility. 2.Theclimberswereburied(掩埋) underapileofrocks. 3.Hergraduationfromcollegewasagreatevent(事件).Ididnotwanttomiss. 4 . Manypeoplewenttothedisaster( 灾 难 )

areatohelpthevictimsasvolunteersaftertheearthquakehappened. 5.WhileIwascookingsupper,theelectricity(电) wentoff. 6 . Whenthesecondearthquakehappened , someoftherescue( 援 救 )

workersanddoctorsweretrappedundertheruins. 7.Judging(判断) fromwhathesaidjustnow,hemustbeanhonestman. 8.Hecouldn’thelpbursting(爆发)intotearswhenhesawhismotheragain. 9.Unluckily,thehousethatwetalkedaboutisinruins(废墟). 10.Thesoldierstrapped(使陷入困境)theirenemiesandforcedthemtogivein. B.用所给词的适当形式填空 11 . Hecouldn’texpresshimselfclearlyinEnglish ,

butIcouldtellfromhisexpressionthathewasangry.(express)

12.Onseeingthefrighteningscene,thelittlegirlwassofrightenedthatsheburstoutcrying.(frighten) 13 . Hewasshockedtolearnhiswifewaskilledinatrafficaccident.Thenewswasaterribleshocktohim.(sh ock) 14.Inthecrashhewasseriouslyinjured.Hesufferedsevereinjuriestotheheadandarms.(injure) 15 . Theheadmasterwrotealettertocongratulateheronhergoodperformanceandtheexcitingcongratula tionsencouragedhergreatly.(congratulate) 16 . Thedestructionoftherailwaywasabiglossinthestorm ,

whichwasthemostdestructivein30years.(destroy) Ⅱ.短语运用 A.用方框内所给动词短语的适当形式填空 burstout,beburiedin,giveout,digout,beproudof,beshockat,betrappedin,thinklittleof 17.Iamshockedatthewaymyneighbourtreatshisson. 18.Eversincehemovedthere,hehasbeenburiedinhisresearchwork. 19.ScarcelyhadsheheardthenewsaboutthedeathofJobswhensheburstoutcrying. 20.Somereportersarefondofdiggingoutthepersonalprivatesoffamouspeople. 21.Youshouldhavebeenproudofhiminsteadofmakinghimgooutasthoughitweresomethingshameful. 22.Thefilmisaboutagroupofpeoplewhoaretrappedinanemotionalwebofcomplicatedfamilyrelations. 23.Thegirlstoodatthedoorgivingoutleafletstoeveryoneonthestreet. 24.Igavehimsomeadvice,buthethoughtlittleofit. B.用方框内所给短语填空 inruins,insteadof,atanend,rightaway,agreatnumberof,judgingfrom/by 25.Judgingfrom/byherlastletter,theyarehavingawonderfultime. 26.Thebuildingwillfalldown;we’dbetterleaveitrightaway. 27.Withtimegoingon,thecastlewhichoncewasverybeautifulisnowcompletelyinruins. 28.MyholidayisatanendandImustgobacktoworktomorrow. 29.Asagreatnumberoftreesarebeingcutdown,manyforestshavebeendestroyed. 30.Insteadofcomplainingaboutwhat’swrong,begratefulforwhat’sright. Ⅲ.经典句式 31.Hewasunhappy;itseemedasifhewantedustoleave. 他不太高兴,看起来他好像想让我们离开。 32.Heistooyoungtounderstandsodifficultaproblem. 他太小了不能理解这么难的问题。 33.Everywherehewent,hereceivedawarmwelcome. 无论走到哪里,他都受到热烈欢迎。

34.AlltheseTVprogramsarenotpopularwithpeople. 这些电视节目并非全都受人们的欢迎。 35.Allnightlonghelayawake,thinkingoftheproblem. 他整夜躺在床上不睡觉,思考着那个问题。

1ruinv.毁坏;使破产;n.毁坏;破产;废墟
in ruins 毁坏;成为废墟 fall/come into ruin 逐渐破碎 bring...to ruin 使??失败;使??毁坏

Heavysmokingruinedhishealth. 过度吸烟损害了他的健康。 Thebadweatherhasruinedallmypleasurefortheholiday. 糟糕的天气毁掉了我度假的好心情。 [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)YearsoffightinghasleftIraqruined(ruin). (2)Itrainedfortwoweeksonend,completelyruining(ruin) ourholiday. (3)Thiscountrywasonceproudofitseducationsystem.Nowitseemstobeinruins. (4)Shortlyaftersufferingfromamassiveearthquakeandbeingreducedtoruins, thecitytookonanewlook. 2trapn.夹子;陷阱;困境;圈套;v.把??困在,使陷于;使落网 [应试指导] 非谓语动词句法功能的考查
set/lay a trap for 为??设下圈套 be caught in a trap=fall into a trap 落入陷阱 be trapped in 被困在??;使陷入??困境 trap sb.into doing...诱骗某人做??

Shehadset/laidatrapforhimandhehadwalkedstraightintoit.她给他设下圈套,他就径直钻了进去。 Shewastrappedintheburninghouseatthatmoment. 那时她被困在燃烧着的房子里。 [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)Wereyoujusttryingtotrapherintomakingamistakendecision? (2)HermotherDonnawastrapped(trap) inthedestroyedbuilding. (3)MarysetatrapforPeterandhereallyfellintoit. (4)Trapped(trap) inatrafficjam,hehadtobepatient,waiting.

3buryv.埋葬;埋藏;使陷入;沉浸;覆盖?cover?;掩藏?hide? [应试指导] 非谓语动词句法功能的考查
bury sth.in...把??埋在?? bury oneself in 埋头于,专心于 be buried in 专心于

Thepaperwasburiedunderapileofbooks. 那份文件被埋在书堆下。 Shesatthere,buriedinthought. 她坐在那儿,陷入了沉思。 [夯实基础] (1)用 bury 的适当形式填空 ①Hewalkedslowly,hishandburiedinhispocket. ②Thegirlwassittingonthebenchinthepark,buryingherheadinthebookinherhands. ③Theythinkshewasburiedinthedesert,alongwithafewothers. (2)Becausesheburiedherselfinthefilm,shedidn’tknowitwassnowingoutside. ①Buryingherselfinthefilm,shedidn’tknowitwassnowingoutside.(用现在分词短语作状语改写 句子) ②Buriedinthefilm,shedidn’tknowitwassnowingoutside.(用过去分词短语作状语改写句子) 4congratulationn.祝贺;?复数?贺词 [应试指导] 交际用语中的用法
congratulations ?to sb.? on sth.就???向某人?祝贺 Congratulations!祝贺你!?口语? congratulate vt.祝贺,向??道喜 congratulate sb.onsth.为某事向某人祝贺

Congratulationsonyourhappymarriage! 祝贺你喜结良缘! [特别提醒] (1)congratulation 用作祝贺语时,通常用复数形式;作为“祝贺”这一抽象意义时,通常用 单数形式。 (2)congratulate 后不接带不定式的复合结构或 that 从句。 [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)—IgotthatjobIwantedatthepubliclibrary. —Congratulations(congratulate)! That’sgoodnews. (2)Icongratulatemyselfonhavingchosenagoodwomantobemywife.

(3)Wecongratulatedhimonhavingpassedtheexam. 5preparev.准备;调制 [多词一义] preparefor,getreadyfor,makepreparationsfor,bepreparedfor

prepare for 为??作准备 preparesb.sth.=prepare sth.for sb.为某人准备?? be prepared for.../to do...准备好?? preparation n.准备 in preparation for 为??作准备 make preparations for 为??作准备

—I’vepreparedallkindsoffoodforthepicnic. —Doyoumeanweneedn’tbringanythingwithus? ——我已经准备好了野餐要带的各种食物。 ——你的意思是我们不必带任何东西了吗?(湖南,25) Justinhadopenedseveralbottlesofwineinpreparationfortheparty. 贾斯廷已开了好几瓶葡萄酒为聚会作准备。 [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)TheForeignMinisterwasnotpreparedforsuchquestions. (2)Ifwehadn’tmadeadequatepreparations(prepare) theconferencewouldn’thavebeensosuccessful. (3)—Pityyoumissedthelectureonnuclearpollution. —Iwouldhaveattendedit,butIwasbusypreparing(prepare) forajobinterview. (4)Wewon’tstarttheworkuntilallthepreparationshavebeenmade(make). (5)Wellprepared(prepare) forthecomingexam,hefeltquiteconfident. 6thinklittleof 以为??没什么了不起;对??满不在乎;轻视;忽视 [应试指导] “think+副词+of”在写作中的运用
think much/highly/well of 重视;看重;对??高度评价 be well/highly thought of 被??高度评价 sing high praise of/for 高度评价



Igavehimsomeadvice,buthethoughtlittleofit. 我给他提了几条建议,但他根本不理会。 [夯实基础] (1)语法填空 —HowdidyoufindtheconcertinBeijingGrandTheaterlastnight? —Ithoughtlittleofit,buttheconductorperformedverywell.

(2)同义句改写 ①ShewashighlythoughtofandwascalledoneoftheChinesetenfilialpietystars (中国十大孝星之一). Highlythoughtof,shewascalledoneoftheChinesetenfilialpietystars.(用过去分词短语改写句子) ②Shethoughtnothingoftravellingaroundtheworldaloneandwentonajourneyonherown. Thinkingnothingoftravellingaroundtheworldalone , shewentonajourneyonherown.( 用现在分词短 语改写句子) 7insteadof 代替;而不是 [应试指导] insteadof 连接并列结构

instead of 后面可接名词、代词、形容词、副词、动名词、介词短语等。 instead adv.代替,可置于句首或句末,在句首时常用逗号与后面的句子隔开。

Insteadofshoutingemptyslogans itismoremeaningfultodonatebooksandsportsgoodstochildreninneed. 不要空喊口号,把书和运动物品捐给那些需要的孩子们会更有意义。(江苏· 书面表达) [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)Thisorderofyoursissmallerinsteadoflarger(large). (2)Hewillgoinsteadofme(my). (3)Jackisagreattalker.It’shightimethathedidsomethinginsteadofjusttalking(talk). (4)Theywentthereonfootinsteadofbybus. (5)Theyoungmancouldn’taffordanewcar.Instead,heboughtausedone. 8a?great?numberof 许多;大量的?后接复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数 [应试指导] (1)主谓一致 (2)number 前冠词的考查



the number of...??的数量(作主语时,谓语动词用单数) 表示“许多;大量”的其他表达方式: many quite a few a great/good many?+复数名词+复数谓语动词

? ? ? ?

a great/good many of+(the,my 等)修饰语+复数名词+复数谓语动词 a lot of/lots of? ? ?复数名词+复数谓语动词 ?+? plenty of ? ? ?不可数名词+单数谓语动词 quantities of? masses of
?+可数或不可数名词+复数谓语动词 ?

a great deal of

? ?+可数名词+单数谓语动词 a great/large amount of?

Anumberofproblemshavearisen.

已经出现了一些问题。 Quantitiesof/Massesoffoodwereonthetable. 饭桌上有许多饭菜。 [夯实基础] 语法填空 (1)—Whydoesthelakesmellterrible? —Becauselargequantitiesofwaterhavebeenpolluted(pollute). (2)InChina , thenumberofcitiesisincreasing(increase)

whosedevelopmentisrecognizedacrosstheworld. (3)Anumberofhighbuildingshavearisen(arise) wheretherewasnothingayearagobutruins.

1Inthefarmyards, thechickensandeventhepigsweretoonervoustoeat.在农场里, 鸡甚至猪都紧 张得不吃食。 句型公式:too...to...
?1?too...to...太??而不能?? ?2?too...to...与 not 或 never 连用时,意为“无论??也不过分,越??越好”。 cannot be too...再??也不过分 ?3?only/just/but too...to...非常??去做?too 前的 only, just, but 不仅没有否定意义, 反而加重了 too 的肯定语气? ?4?too ready/easy/eager/willing/anxious/happy...to...句型表示肯定,作“过于、太会??”解。 ?5?too...not to...表示肯定,含义是“非常??必定能;太??不会不??”。

That’sthenewmachinewhosepartsaretoosmalltobeseen. 那就是那台零部件小得几乎看不见的新机器。 I’llbeonlytoopleasedtobeabletodothejobforyou. 我能为您效劳,真是十分高兴。 [夯实基础] 翻译句子 (1)Oneisnevertoooldtolearn. 活到老学到老。 (2)Youcannotbetoocareful. 小心无过火。/你再小心也不为过。/你越小心越好。 (3)Sheistooreadytogetangry. 她动不动就生气。

(4)Maryistoowisenottoknowit. 玛丽很聪明,不会不懂的。 2Allhopewasnotlost.不是所有的希望都破灭了。 句型公式:部分否定
all...not=not all...部分否定,也称半否定。 具有总括意义的代词?each,everybody,everything,all,both 等?、形容词?complete,whole 等? 和副词?completely,always,wholly,altogether 等?与否定词 not 连用,构成部分否定,表示“不 都;并非都”。 而 no,none,never,nobody,neither,nothing,no more,no longer 等表示否定意义的词与谓语 一起使用构成了全部否定。

Everythingisnotright.并非什么都好。 Nothingcanchangehermind. 没有任何东西能改变她的主意。 [夯实基础] 把下列半否定的句子改为全否定 (1)Noteverythingshedidpleasedhim. Nothingshedidpleasedhim. (2)Bothofthemarenotmybrothers. Neitherofthemismybrother. (3)Idonotrememberallthedetails. Iremembernoneofthedetails. (4)Sheisnotalwaysexcited. Sheisneverexcited. 3 单元语法——用定语从句的引导词完成句子 (1)Aplaneisamachinethat/whichcanfly. (2)Thenoodlesthat/whichIhadweredelicious. (3)Mr.Readistheprofessortowhomyoushouldwrite. (4)Thisistheboywhosecompositiontheteachertalkedof. (5)Thebossinwhosecompanymyfatherworkedisaverykindperson.

高考题组 Ⅰ.短文改错(2014· 辽宁) DearJeremyandAlice, Althoughwe’vebeendelightedtohaveyouasneighbors ,

we’rehopingtosettlesomethingthatbotherstous.Inaword,yourdog—Cleo. We’vecalledseveraltimeaboutCleo’searlymorningbarking.Itisdifficulttounderstandingwhysheba rkseveryminuteshe’soutside.Theearlymorningbarkinghavebeendisturbingusasweareoftenupallnig htwiththebaby.Beside ,

Cleotendstobarkaaverageofsixhoursaday.Thismorningshestartsbarkingevenbefore5o’clock.Thatis toomuchforus,consideringhowcloselythehousesare. Weappreciateourapologiesandgoodwill,butwehopethatyoucanfigureagoodwayofsettlingthematter. Sincerely, JackandRose 答案 DearJeremyandAlice, Althoughwe’vebeendelightedtohaveyouasneighbors we’rehopingtosettlesomethingthatbothersto\us.Inaword,yourdog—Cleo. We’vecalledseveral time times aboutCleo’searlymorningbarking.Itisdifficultto understanding understand have has , Cleotendstobark a an ,

whyshebarkseveryminuteshe’soutside.Theearlymorningbarking beendisturbingusasweareoftenupallnightwiththebaby. averageofsixhoursaday.Thismorningshe closely consideringhow thehousesare. close Weappreciate our your apologiesandgoodwill , butwehopethatyoucanfigure Beside Besides

starts barkingevenbefore5o’clock.Thatistoomuchforus, started

∧ out

agoodwayofsettlingthematter. Sincerely, JackandRose Ⅱ.写作常用句翻译 1.我马上去给她拿了些药然后为她做了些面条。(prepare)(2013· 北京· 情景作文) Iimmediatelywenttogethersomemedicineandthenpreparedsomenoodlesforher. 2.父母不应为孩子包办一切,而应是鼓励他们克服困难,激励他们自我发展。 (insteadof)(2013· 福建· 书面表达) Insteadofdoingeverythingforthem . 3.我不知道是小说中的什么东西使他突然泪如泉涌。(burstintotears)(2012· 湖北· 完成句子) ,

parentsshouldencouragetheirchildrentoovercomedifficultiesandinspirethemtodevelopbythemselves

Idon’tknowwhatinthenovelmadehimburstintotears. 4.然而,有些课文有太多难以理解的生词和短语,因此我建议把这些文章换成简单点的。 (express)(2012· 辽宁· 书面表达) However , someofthetextshavetoomanynewwordsandexpressionswhicharehardforus.Therefore , I’dliketosuggestchangingthemintoeasierones. 5.我写信邀请你担任 6 月 15 日在我们学校举行的英语演讲比赛的裁判。(judge)(2010· 大纲 全国Ⅰ· 书面表达) I’mwritingtoinviteyoutobeajudgeatourEnglishspeechcontesttobeheldinourschoolonJune15. 模拟题组 Ⅰ.语法填空 1 . Theyfoundthepreciousmanuscriptswerehopelesslyruined(ruin) bylongexposureinthecold , dampcellar. 2.Havingtrapped(trap) intheruinsforfivedays,hecouldhardlysurvive. 3.Buried(bury) inthenewspaper,Ididn’tnoticewhatwashappening. 4.Upongraduationfromschool,howwellwillyoubeprepared(prepare) forthejobthatliesahead? 5 . Agreatnumberofchildrenwhoseparentshaddiedintheearthquakeweresent(send)

tolivewithfamiliesinothercities. 6.Lilyhadtocallataxibecausetheboxwasmuchtooheavytocarry(carry) allthewayhome. 7.—Whichofthetwocomputergamesdidyouprefer? —ActuallyIdidn’tlikeeitherofthem. 8.I’mcallingtoenquireaboutthepositionadvertised(advertise) inyesterday’sChinaDaily. 9 . Maryhasaverygoodmemoryandcanremembereverythingexactlyasifithappened(happen)

yesterday. 10.Mariahaswrittentwonovels,bothofwhichhavebeenmadeintotelevisionseries. Ⅱ.单句改错 1.Aftertheearthquake,thewholecitywasinruin.ruin→ruins 2.Anaccidenthappened.Luckily,nobodybadlyinjured.nobody 后加上 was 3.Luckilyforhim, hesurvivedfromthecarcrash.去掉 from 4.Theexpresstrainarrivedonscheduleaswasusual.去掉 was 5.Everywherethattheyappeared,theymetwithstrongprotests.去掉 that 6.TwothirdsofthepeoplediedorwasinjuredduringtheWenchuanearthquake.was→were 7 . Buttheonemillionpeopleofthecity, theythoughtlittleoftheseevents ,

wenttobedasusualthatnight.they→who 8.Believeitornot,Lily’ssisterburstintocryingwhenwewereeating.into→out 或 crying→tears

9.Thetwoladiesareofthesameage,butitlooksasifoneweretenyearsolderthanother.than 后加上 the 10.AftervisitingChina ,

mostoftheforeignfriendssaidtheywouldneverforgetthetimewhentheyhadspentinChina.when→that/ which 或去掉 when Ⅲ.写作句式升级训练 Comparedwiththedriverwhohadescaped, Iamproudofmyaction.(素材来源于 2014· 湖北· 短文写作) Comparedwiththeescapeddriver,IamproudofwhatIdid.(用过去分词作定语及 what 从句改写句 子)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 A Getreadyforthejourneyofalifetime—thisdrivingroutewillintroduceyoutotheverybestoftheSouthIslan dofNewZealand. Day1Methven—Geraldine—Timaru—LakeTekapo KeengolfersmayliketogetupearlyforaroundofgolfbeforecontinuingtheirjourneytoGeraldine ,

aprettytownknownforitsclothingstoresanddeliciousfoods.StopforlunchandexploreCarolineBay.Afte rwards , drivewesttoadmirethelakesideChurchoftheGoodShepherd ,

andthenspendtheafternoonatLakeTekapoenjoyingthegreatoutdoors—perhapsfishingorhiking. Day2LakeTekapo—Twizel—Oamaru Startyourdaywithasightseeingtourbyhelicopter—thebestwaytoenjoythesceneryincludingMtCook.N ext , drivesouthalongSH8toOmarama ,

apopularplaceforgliding.TurnoffSH8andheadeastalongSH83throughtheBeautifulWaitakiValleytoO amaru.Atdusk visittheOamaruBluePenguinColonytowatchtheworld’ssmallestpenguinscomeashore. Day3Oamaru—Dunedin DrivesouthalongSH1toDunedinandspendtherestofthedayenjoyingmanyexperiencesDunedinhastoof fer.HistoryloverswillenjoyfantasticmuseumsandhistorichousessuchasLarnachCastle.Getbacktonatu re—driveoutalongOtagoPeninsulatovisittheNZMarineStudiesCentreandAquarium. Day4Dunedin—TeAnau—MilfordSound MakesureyourcameraischargedbecauseDay4isthemostwonderfulvisualtreat.VisittheDepartmentofC onservationforaninsightintotheregion’snaturaltreasuresbeforesettingoutforMilfordSound.Aguide dtourisanexcellentchoicethatallowsyoutofocusonthescenery. 1.Onwhichdaycanyouenjoythemostbeautifulscenery? A.Day1. B.Day2. ,

C.Day3. 答案 D

D.Day4.

解析 细节理解题。根据 Day4Dunedin—TeAnau—MilfordSound 中的第一句可知,D 项正 确。 2.Ifyouwouldliketoexplorehistoryalongthejourney,youcanstopat. A.LarnachCastle C.TeAnau 答案 A 解 析 细 节 理 解 题 。 根 据 Day3Oamaru—Dunedin 中 的 第 二 句 B.WaitakiValley D.MilfordSound

“HistoryloverswillenjoyfantasticmuseumsandhistorichousessuchasLarnachCastle.” 可知,应选 A 项。 3.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothepassage? A.Noguideisavailableduringthisjourney. B.Outdoorsportsfanscanhavegreatfunduringthisjourney. C.Noshoppingisrecommendedalongthisjourney. D.DriveallthroughSH8,andyouwillseetheworld’ssmallestpenguins. 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。 根据 Day1 中的最后一句可知 B 项正确。 根据 Day4 中的最后一句可知, 旅途中有导游引导,故 A 项错误;根据 Day1 中的第一句和第二句可知,旅途中可以购物, 故 C 项 错 误 ; 根 据 Day2 中 的

“TurnoffSH8andheadeastalongSH83...towatchtheworld’ssmallestpenguins...” 可知 , D 项 错 误。 B Ifyouboughtsomecandymonthsagobutneverateit , howcanyoutellwhetheritisstillsafetoeat ? ,

Theeasiestwayistocheckthe“usebydate”printedonthewrapper.Ifthatdatehasalreadypassed you’relikelytothrowthecandyaway.Butisthatreallynecessary? AccordingtoanewreportfromtheUSNaturalResourcesDefenseCouncil (NRDC)



tonsoffoodiswastedeachyear , largelybecausepeopledon’tfullyunderstandwhatexpirationdates , or“usebydates”,actuallymean. Fooddatingwasintroducedinthe1970sbecauseconsumerswantedmoreinformationaboutthethingsthatt heywereeating.Whentheyfirstshowedup ntheirbestconditions. Butthetruthisthatthesedatesaren’trelatedtotheriskoffoodpoisoningorfoodbornillness , ,

usebydateswereonlysupposedtoindicatefreshnessbecauseproducerswantedtheirproductstobetastedi

accordingtoTimeNews.However mostcustomersmisinterpretedusebydatesandrelatedthemtothesafetyofthefood andtheystilllargelydonow. Eggs , forexample

, ,



canstillbeeatenthreetofiveweeksafterpurchaseeventhoughtheusebydateismuchearlier.Whentheirus ebydatespass , strawberryflavoreddrinksmaylosetheirredcolorandbiscuitsmaylosetheircrunch( 嘎 吱嘎吱的声音),buttheyarenotharmful. “It’saconfusingsubject,thedifferencebetweenfoodqualityandfoodsafety,”saidJenaRoberts, vicepresidentofNationalFoodLab aUSfoodtestingcompany.“EveninthefoodindustryIhavecolleagueswhogetconfused.” Thisiswhyscientistsarecallingforastandardexplanationtobeprintedfollowingtheusebydates.“Wewa ntthistobeclearlycommunicatedsoconsumersarenotmisunderstandingthedateandcontributingtoaloto fwaste,”saidDanaGanders,astaffscientistwiththeNRDC. Butthiswon’tbeamistakethatiseasytocorrectsincepeoplehavebelieveditforsolong.Anotherproblemi sthatthequalitylevelsofdifferentfoodschangedifferently—somearestillsafetoeatlongaftertheiruseby datewhileothersarenot. Asaresult elytogobad. 4.Theusebydatewasfirstintendedto. A.tellthefreshnessoffood B.showthesafetyoffood C.giveawarningoffoodpoisoning D.indicatetherelationbetweenfoodandillness 答案 A 解 析 细 节 理 解 题 。 根 据 第 三 段 第 二 句 中 的 “Whentheyfirstshowedup , , ,

foodindustryofficialsarenowthinkingofchangingtheusebydatetoadateindicatingwhenfoodismostlik

usebydateswereonlysupposedtoindicatefreshness...”可知,应选 A 项。 5.Theunderlinedword“misinterpreted”inParagraph4probablymeans“”. A.madeguessesabout B.formedawrongideaabout C.madewronguseof D.tooknonoticeof 答案 B 解析 词义猜测题。 根据文章第四段的第一句和第六段的内容可知, 此处指人们误以为这些 日期和食品是否有毒或者是过期后食用是否会导致疾病有关。故选 B 项。

6.WhichofthefollowingisTRUE? A.Mostcustomersunderstandwhatusebydatesmean. B.“Usebydates”haveexistedformorethan50years. C.Biscuitscan’tbeeatenwhennotascrunchyastheywerebought. D.Evenaftertheirusebydatespass,somefoodsarestillsafetoeat. 答案 D 解析 正误判断题。根据第五段的内容可知,很多食品尽管过了保质期,但是仍然能吃,故 选 D 项。 7.Scientistsarecallingforastandardexplanationtobeprintedtogetherwiththeusebydatesbecause. A.usebydatesarenothelpfulorreliable B.moreconsumersgetworriedaboutfoodsafety C.mostconsumersoftenmisunderstandusebydates D.thequalitylevelofdifferentfoodschangesdifferently 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。 根据第六段的内容和第七段的第二句可知, 科学家解释保质期是因为很 多人误解了它的含义。故选 C 项。 Ⅱ.完形填空 EveryFather’sDay Iremembernotonlymyfatherbutalsomymother.Bothofthem8meintowhatIamnow. I’moneofthetwosonsofthepoorbut9parents.Myfatherdidnotattendcollegebecauseof10.Also , ,

mymothercouldonlyfinishavocationalcourse , againforthesamereason.WhenI11fortheSenate( 参议 院 ) in2010 ,

Isawcampaignmaterialsof12withpicturesoftheirfamousparentsinthebackground.Ididnothave13cam paignmaterials , notbecauseof14butbecausemyparentsarenotfamousinsociety.So ,

Ijust15myselfhavingapictureofmyfatherraisingmyhand. Myfatherworkedasaclerkinaloggingcompany.Hejoinedtheranksoftheunemployedwhenloggingwas1 6inCagayanProvince.Mymothergotajobinagasstation.WhenIwasinthesecondyearofhighschool ,

mymother17metoteachherhowtowritenumbersfrom1to1,000andhowtoaddnumberswithdecimalpoin ts( 小 数

点 ) . Itoldmyfatheraboutit.MyfatherandI18taughtherthesethingsformanynights.Isaw19intheeyesof mymotherwhenshelearnedthemwell. Myparentsmightnotbelearned , buttheyhadnoblecharacter ,

whichI’mdearlyproudof.I20recallthatwhenmymother’sbossandhisfamilyhadtoleaveforManila , myparentsandIhadto21theirhouse.Mymotheralwayswarnedmenotto22anythinginside23sheandmyfa thermoppedthefloor,changedthecurtainsandthelike.

WhenIwas24deanofStudentAffairs



Igavemyparentsa“25”ofourschool



introducingthemtopeoplefromboththeschoolandlocalgovernment.But26thosetourswerenothingcom paredtothe“tour”theygaveme.Fromthem,Ilearnedthe27ofhardworkandhonesty. 8.A.knocked C.forced 答案 B 解析 从下文内容看,父母是“鼓励”作者,inspire 激励,鼓舞,符合语境,故选 B。 9.A.ordinary C.great 答案 C 解析 此句表达的是作者对父母的敬仰之情,前面的 “poor”后紧跟“but”表示转折,所 B.rigid D.flexible B.inspired D.adopted

以应用 great,表示“伟大的”。 10.A.poverty C.illness 答案 A 解析 本段的开头说“I’moneofthetwosonsofthepoorbutparents.”,因此这里说不能上大学 B.disability D.disaster

的原因应当是贫穷(poverty)。 11.A.sacrificed C.searched 答案 B 解析 动词 run 和介词 for 搭配构成固定短语,意思是“参加竞选”。 12.A.athletes C.candidates 答案 C 解析 这里的意思是别的候选人(candidates)的材料都用有名望的父母的照片作背景。 13.A.systematic C.rough 答案 D 解析 由下文中的 “...butbecausemyparentsarenotfamousinsociety.” 可推断作者没有类似的 B.familiar D.similar B.sponsors D.interviewers B.ran D.paid

竞选材料,即用有名望的父母的照片作背景。故选 D 项。 14.A.money C.promise 答案 A 解析 不是因为钱(money)的问题,而是因为作者的父母在社会上不出名。故选 A 项。 B.report D.reward

15.A.stopped C.minded 答案 B

B.imagined D.noticed

解析 作者只能想象(imagined)有一张父亲举起作者的手的照片。意思是父亲支持作者竞选 议员。 16.A.switched C.permitted 答案 D 解析 根据该空前面的“Hejoinedtheranksoftheunemployed...”可知, 伐木被禁止(banned)了。 17.A.advised C.asked 答案 C 解析 母亲请求作者教她写从 1 到 1000 的数字。ask 请求,要求,符合语境。 18.A.easily C.thankfully 答案 B 解析 从空后面的“manynights”可知,作者和父亲教母亲这些东西费了不少的劲儿,所以 此处用 painstakingly“精心地,费尽心思地”合适。 19.A.joy C.surprise 答案 A 解析 母亲学好了这些东西,眼睛里当然是闪现着喜悦(joy)的神情。 20.A.actively C.unwillingly 答案 D 解析 作者清晰地记得父母在母亲的老板一家去了马尼拉后给老板家照看房子时所做的一 B.purposely D.vividly B.encouragement D.sorrow B.painstakingly D.impatiently B.ordered D.forbade B.undertaken D.banned

切,vividly 清晰地,符合语境,故选 D。 21.A.pickout C.letout 答案 B 解析 参见上题解析,这里应该用 watchover。pickout 精心挑选,认出来;letout 发出,结 束;fixup 装饰,修理。 22.A.touch C.purchase B.deliver D.return B.watchover D.fixup

答案 A 解析 母亲总是警告作者不要碰房子里的任何东西。touch 触摸,碰,符合语境。 23.A.although C.while 答案 C 解析 while 引导时间状语从句,这里表示当作者的母亲和父亲帮老板收拾家务的时候。 24.A.awarded C.offered 答案 D 解析 “deanofStudentAffairs”是职务,所以用 appointed 任命。 25.A.picture C.souvenir 答案 B 解析 下一题后的“thosetours”是提示词。故选 B。 26.A.personally C.hopefully 答案 A 解析 但是, 就作者个人来说, 这些游览与父母给他的“游览”相比就没什么了。 personally 就个人而言,符合语境。 27.A.rule C.value 答案 C 解析 从父母那儿作者认识到了努力工作和诚实的价值(value)。 Ⅲ.写作素材(关于地震) 1.这座城市发生了地震。 2.突然,世界好像到了末日。 3.几秒钟之内城市被毁。 4.管道裂开了,电也停了,大量建筑物变为废墟。 5.人们有的受伤,有的被埋。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用 asif 引导的方式状语从句。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Anearthquakehappenedinthecity.Suddenly Agreatnumberofbuildingslayinruinsandpeoplewereinjuredorburied. , B.aim D.cause B.generally D.naturally B.tour D.prize B.refused D.appointed B.asif D.incase

itseemedasiftheworldwasatanend.Thecitywasdestroyedinseconds.Pipesburstandelectricitywentout.


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