What is First Aid?
First aid is the emergency treatment for an injured or sick person before professional medical care.
人天 有有 旦不 夕测 祸风 福云 。，
Nowadays there are a
lot of unexpected accidents. What would you do in such situations?
1. The best way to treat a hurt ankle is to __________. A. put an ice pack on your ankle B. put a heating pad(垫子)around your ankle C. keep on walking and jumping
2. If you get a nosebleed, gently let your head back to stop the bleeding. A. True. B. False.
It may lead the blood into the throat and easily cause choking.
3. To treat a burn, you should _______. A. rub(擦)some butter on it B. hold the burnt part under cold running water C. put salt on the burnt part
4. To treat a broken arm, you: A. move the broken bone in no time. B. keep the arm still using a sling to support the broken arm
5. To treat a choke, you should make him/her spit by patting him/her on the back. A. True. B. False.
6. If someone is having a heart attack, you should first: A. Call 120.
B. Perform CPR (心肺复苏).
Emergency medical service
Fire department Police department
Thinking: What has happened?
The girl has pulled boiling water onto herself.
Can you guess what will happen to the girl? She will get bad burns.
How will her mother deal with the burn?
Reading First Aid for Burns
In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from 1 to 5.
__ 3 the three types of burns 5 what to do if someone gets burned __ 1 the functions of the skin __ 4 the symptoms of burns __ 2 how we get burns __
1．—Why is the skin very important to our bodies according to the text?
A —Because ________.
A．the skin can protect human against diseases and harmful things
B．the skin can keep human warm in summer C．the skin can absorb water from outside
D．without the skin，we will have no sense
2．Which of the following is NOT
one of the characteristics of second
B．Turn white when pressed.
C．Rough，red and swollen. D．Watery surface.
3．Which of the following first aid treatments is RIGHT according to the text?
A．Take clothing off the burned area even though it is stuck to the burn. B．Do not put cold water on second degree burns. C．If burns are on the face，the victim should sit up. D. It is not necessary to get the victim to the doctor or
hospital at once if the injuries are second degree burns.
4．If you are burnt slightly，you can get better by________. ( B )
A．cooling the burned area with icy water
B．putting burns under gently running water immediately
C．covering the burned area with a dry， clean bandage D．placing the burns in some warm water
5．One who has got third degree burns in his
A．may not feel pain if the nerves are damaged B．may feel extremely painful as the burn is so terrible C．may feel a little pain if the burn is pressed D．may find the burn dry，red and mildly swollen
Part 1: The function of skin
three layers of skin. There are ______ largest The skin is the ________ organ, essential and also very __________.
poisons 1)Protect you against _________, ______ the sun’s harmful rays and _______________________; warm or ________; 2) Keep you ________ cool
3) Prevent you from ______________;
sense of touch 4) Give you _____________.
the top layer
the second layer
the third layer tissue under the skin nerve
Part 2 Causes of burns
How can you get burned?
hot liquids steam
Listen the tape and fill in the blank Part 3 to Types of burns
There are _______ three types of burns depending on which _______ layers are burned. top layer First degree burns affect only the _____ and should feel better within _______________. a day or two Second degree burns affect both the _____ top second layer. These burns are _______ and the _______ serious and take ______________ to heal. a few weeks three Third degree burns affect all ______ layers and tissue and ______ organs under the skin. They are any ______ severe very_______ injuries and the victim must go to hospital ________at once.
Read part 4Types of burns Characteristics
first degree burn
Blisters and watery surface
second degree burn
third degree burn
Mildly swollen B Tissue under them often C can be seen
True or False: Treatment 1. If you are burned, you must remove clothing F even if it is stuck to the burn. unless 2. We shouldn’t rub the burns. T
Never can we we can put oil or ointments 3. Sometimes, on burns to stop the infection. 4. We should make sure the bandage T won’t stick to the skin when it is used.
5. If burns are on the sit up Fface, we should make the victim lie down.
From the passage, we know the function of the skin. It introduces three types of burns and how to give first aid according to the characteristics of different burns.
温馨提示：本文是说明文， 写摘要时要扣住文章说明的几 大要点：皮肤的功能、烧烫伤 的分类及对不同等级的烫伤的 急救措施。
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