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2013年高考英语一轮复习课时作业30:Unit 5 The power of nature(新人教版选修6江西专用)


课时作业(三十) [选修 6 Unit 5 The power of nature]

[限时:40 分钟]

Ⅰ.单项填空 1. had just finished her homework ________ her mother asked her to practice playing the She piano yesterday. A.when B.while C.after D.since 2.________ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A.Completing B.Having completed C.To have completed D.To complete 3.________ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A.Being encouraged B.Encouraging C.Encouraged D.Having encouraged 4.________ not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. A.Reminding B.Reminded C.To remind D.Having reminded 5.In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao, ________ the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A.marking B.marked C.having marked D.being marked 6.________ in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring. A.To walk B.Walking C.Walked D.Having walked 7.This aircraft's safety record is an ________ testament to its designers' skill. A.imaginative B.sensitive C.impressive D.active 8.Not far from the school there was a garden, ________ owner seated in it playing chess with his little grandson every afternoon. A.its B.whose C.which D.that 9. most perceptive of the three, she was the first to realize the ________ danger of their The

situation. A.obvious B.easy C.potential D.necessary 10.—How about eight o'clock outside the cinema? —That ________ me fine. A.fits B.meets C.satisfies D.suits 11.I've had some difficulties, but they were nothing ________ yours. A.compared to B.compares with C.comparing to D.comparing with 12.In the city of London, you can see fantastic modern architectures and antique buildings ________ each other, ________ a sharp contrast between modern and ancient architectural styles. A.alongside; making B.along; to make C.aside; making D.together with; having made 13.—Why was Mr. Wang ________the general manager of north area? —Because of his excellence in sale. A.appointed to be B.made as C.sent to D.choose to 14.He has no place to live in because his house has been ________. A.built on the ground B.burnt to the ground C.built in the ground D.burnt on the ground 15.________, the fire wasn't discovered after it had started. A.Happily B.Fortunately C.Quickly D.Unfortunately Ⅱ.阅读理解 Plants have family values, too, it seems, with new research suggesting they can recognize close relatives in order to work together. An ability to tell family from strangers is well known in animals, allowing them to cooperate and share resources, but plants may possess similar social skills, scientists believe. Susan Dudley and Amanda File of McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, report they have demonstrated for the first time that plants can recognize their kin. This suggests that plants, though lacking recognition and memory, are capable of complex social interactions. “Plants have this kind of hidden but complicated social life,” Dudley said. The study found plants from the same species of beach - dwelling wildflower grew aggressively alongside unrelated neighbors but were less competitive when they shared soil with their families. Sea rocket, a North American species, showed stronger and healthier root growth when planted in pots with strangers than when raised with relatives from the same maternal(母系的) family, the study found. This is an example of kin selection, a behavior common in animals in which closely related

individuals take a group approach to succeeding in their environment, the researchers said. Kin selection also applies to competition, because if family members compete less with each other, the group will do better overall. “Everywhere you look, plants are growing right up next to other plants,” Dudley said,“ Usually it's a case of each plant for itself. But sometimes those plants are related, and there are benefits to not wasting resources on being competitive, and there is not really a cost to not being competitive as long as your neighbor is also not being competitive.” Learning and memory appear to be important for kin recognition in animals, but this isn't an option for plants, she noted. Some researchers speculate(猜测) that plants communicate through their roots, identifying themselves using tiny chemical signatures specific to each plant's family. 16.What's the main idea of the message? A.Studies find plants can recognize, communicate with relatives. B.Kin selection is important for plants. C.Animals can recognize and memorize their relatives. D.Competition asks plants to recognize their relatives. 17.Which of the following is NOT right about animals' social skill? A.Animals can recognize and memorize their relatives. B.Animals' social skill is to cooperate and share resources. C.Animals' social skill can recognize close relatives in order to work together. D.Animals' social skill is no use at all. 18.Plants' kin selection is to ________. A.grow well B.compete with other kinds of plants C.strengthen the relationship among siblings D.find which one is the best 19.From the passage,we learn that ________. A.sea rocket is a South American species B.sea rocket grows aggressively alongside unrelated neighbors C.sea rocket grows aggressively alongside its siblings D.sea rocket is a kind of bush without flowers 20.How can the plants communicate with each other according to experts' suppose? A.Plants communicate by using tiny chemical signatures specific to each plant's family. B.Plants communicate with each other through their roots. C.Plants communicate with each other by their leaves. D.Plants communicate with each other with their flowers. Ⅲ.书面表达 假定你是李华,准备参加学校举办的主题为“How to protect ourselves in the school?” 的英语征文比赛。请按要求写一篇短文。主要阐述在学校发生地震或火灾时,我们该如何保 护自己。 要求: 1.只选其中一种突发灾害阐述自己的观点; 2.至少写出三点措施; 3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

注意:1.词数 120 左右; 2.开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Life_is_not_easy._As_students , _we_should_learn_how_to_protect_ourselves_in_the_school. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

课时作业(三十) Ⅰ.1.A 考查状语从句。根据主从句的动词时态可知主句谓语动词的动作在从句谓语动 词之前已经完成,引导词的意思是:当就在这时,选 A。 2.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了及时使项目完工,全体员工周末都在工作。故应 用不定式一般式作目的状语,选 D 项。 3. C 考查非谓语动词。分析句子可以看出,这是一个省略的原因状语从句(=As many farmers are encouraged?),指“许多农民受到鼓舞”,主语和动词为被动关系,故应用过去 分词作状语,选 C 符合。 4. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:有人提醒经理不要错过 15:20 的航班,他匆忙出发去 了机场。主句主语 the manager 与 remind 为逻辑上的被动关系,故排除 A、C、D 三项,因 为这三项表主动,只有 B 项表被动。 5.A 考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词作伴随状语,表示的动作与谓语动词的动作同时 进行,且为主动关系,故选 A 项。句意:在 2009 年 4 月,胡主席在青岛视察了海军舰队, 庆贺中国人民解放军海军成立 60 周年。 6. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:一个三月的下午,走在田野上,他能够感觉到春天的温 暖。Walking in the fields 在这里是现在分词短语作状语,相当于时间状语从句 While he was walking in the fields on a March afternoon。 walk 是不定式放在句首一般作目的状语; To Walked 表示被动,而此处句子主语 he 与动词 walk 之间是主动关系;Having walked 是现在分词的 完成式作状语,表示的动作发生在主句的谓语动词(feel the warmth of spring)之前,显然不合 题意。 7. C 考查名词词义辨析。句意:这种飞机的飞行安全记录令人印象深刻,证明了该机 种设计师本领非凡。 impressive 意为“印象深刻的”。 imaginative 意为“虚幻的”; sensitive 意为“敏感的”;active 意为“积极的”,均不合题意。 8. A 考查独立主格结构。 这是一个典型的独立主格结构, 原因是空格后不是一个句子, 也就是没有谓语。所以 its owner 和 a garden 吻合。注意,seat 用作动词时,它总是及物的, 其后要么接宾语,要么它就用于被动语态,所以若在 seated 前加上助动词 is,则可以选择 B。许多同学会认为句中逗号后是一个非限制性定语从句,whose 在定语从句中用作定语修 饰其后的名词 owner,但实质上是尽管句中有两个动词,但它们都是非谓语动词。 9. C 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:她在他们三人中思维最敏捷,首先意识到他们处境 的潜在危险。这里的 danger 说明是“潜在”的危险。 10. D 考查动词词义辨析。suit 作及物动词有“适合(某人)之意”的意思,与题干的意 思吻合。fit 指“尺寸大小”的合适;meet 意为“迎接”;satisfy somebody 表示“让某人满 意”。 11. A 考查非谓语动词。compared with/to 为固定用法,意为“与??相比”。句意: 我有一些困难,但和你的相比就不算什么了。 12. A 考查介词用法以及非谓语动词。句意:在伦敦市区你会看到鳞次栉比的千奇百 怪的现代建筑和古典建筑交相辉映, 形成了现代建筑风格和古代建筑风格的鲜明对比。 第一 个空的 alongside 是介词,表示“并排地”,这可以从本空后的 each other 看出,而 aside 意 为“在旁边;到(向)旁边”,意思不通顺;第二个空考查的是现在分词作状语。 13.A 句意:“为什么王先生被任命为北方地区的总经理?”“因为他在销售方面的 突出表现。”appoint sb. to be 任命某人做??;make 不和 as 连用;send sb. to 派某人 去??;choose 的正确搭配应为 choose sb. as。 14. B 考查固定搭配。句意:他无处可住,因为他的家已经被烧毁了。be burnt to the ground 意为“烧毁”。

15.D 考查副词辨析。句意:不幸的是,火势开始后没有被发现。既然是火势开始不 久没有被发现,当然应该“感到不幸”。 Ⅱ.本文是科普说明文。科学家经过研究发现:和动物一样,植物也有亲属选择的习性, 同时排挤其他种类植物。同时介绍了同系植物之间不竞争的原因、作用以及交流方式。 16.A 主旨大意题。全文说明研究发现:植物也可以辨别亲属,和亲属交流共生而 和其他植物生长在一起时则疯狂排挤竞争。 17.D 细节理解题。从第二段可以判断出动物的社会能力非常有用,是为了合作, 为了共享资源,而不是没用。 18.B 细节理解题。从倒数第三段看出,植物的亲属判断力是为了竞争。 19.B 推理判断题。倒数第五段提到 sea rocket 和其他种类的植物长在一起时根系发 达,具有侵略性,这是为了和其他植物竞争,夺取更多的资源。 20.B 细节理解题。最后一段说明科学家猜测植物之间的交流可能是用根进行的, 用微小的化学成分去验明是否是亲属。 Ⅲ.One possible version: Life_is_not_easy._As_students,_we_should_learn_how_to_protect_ourselves_in_the_school. When an earthquake happens, first we should calm down, which is the most important. Shouting and crying is of no use. Follow the teacher's guidance and keep our actions in order. Second, hide beneath our desks with our schoolbags on our heads if we are in class. That can keep us a little safer. Be sure not to jump off the building. Third, if we are on the playground, do not move. Sit on our feet and use hands to cover our heads so that they can be kept from being hit on. At last, help each other. When we are faced with natural disasters, individual power is tiny. Only by uniting can we overcome the difficulties. These are my suggestions. Keep them in mind and maybe some day we can survive in case of an earthquake.


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