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选修 7 Unit 3 Ⅰ. 选词填空 opposite, annual, witness, target, narrow, shallow, sharp, pause 1. Last week, our school
held its _______ athletic meeting, and that was my last time in the school athletic meeting. 2. Your version of the accident differs from that of the other ________. 3. Read the poem more slowly with a slight ______ at the end of each line. 4. When I stood alone before the mirror, the image _______ me was no one else but me. 5. To achieve the ______，work harder and harder. Never give up. 6. Since he didn’t bathe where the water was _______, he was drowned. 7. He found a good place in the rocks more than twelve feet high with a _______ entrance. 8. So _____ eyes and a sense of color help birds find food and also help them find where their enemies are. Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. ____________________________ when I lost my job. （help）
当我失业时，我父亲帮我摆脱了困境。 2. ___________________ it is getting windy outside? (aware) 你注意到外面起风了吗？ 3. If my grandpa lived today, he would be surprised by
__________________ in the village. (take) 如果我爷爷活着，他对村里所发生的一切肯定会大吃一惊的。 4. It was not until after graduation that he decided to
_______________________. (throw) 直到他毕业之后他才决定全身心投入到园艺事业之中。 5. When we ________________________ the business, the bank came to our rescue. (about) 当我们就要关门停业时，银行挽救了我们。 6. The secretary forgot to type her business letter,
________________________ an interesting report. (focus) 秘书正集中注意力阅读一篇有趣的报道而忘记了打印公函。 7. I urged that _______________________. （do） 我力劝他要尽自己最大的努力。 8. When the traffic police appeared on the scene of the accident, they inquired (witness) 交通警察一赶到事故现场就询问是否有人目击了这场事故。 9. __________________________, the mother was accused of crime of ____________________________________________.
abandonment. (abandon) 因抛弃了自己的婴儿，这位母亲被控犯有遗弃罪。 10. On Halloween festival, Vivian dresses like a ghost,
________________________. (scare) 在万圣节，维维安装扮成鬼模样，把别人吓得要死。 Ⅲ. 阅读理解 From the first use of the rocket to carry satellites into space to the setting up of space stations, human beings have been putting great effort into space research. And so far, we have achieved many successes. But there are still countless tasks in front of us and we should not stop trying to progress. The international space station is an important step we should take in space exploration. It is not only helpful but also essential. It provides a proper space environment for many experiments that we have wanted to do for a long time. It is also a base for the observations of the earth and the universe. It could also be an important base for later travel to the moon and Mars. In a word, if we want to explore more space, the first thing we should do is to set up a space station. As the space station costs a lot of money, it is hard for one country alone to establish one. The USA seems to be the only country that has the ability to build a space station alone，and it has tried to do so, but not very successful. So it aggregated many other countries to work on it together.
Though it is still extremely expensive, it is much cheaper than doing it alone. It is really a job that needs everyone’s effort and will benefit everyone. But even so, the funds needed are still a big problem. As for the USA, it seems that it has too many things to spend its money on. Although it is the richest country in the world, it has much debt every year. It has to make arrangements about its finance, and try to find a balance in all these issues. 1. What is the author’s attitude towards building and developing the international space station? A. Supportive. C. Critical. B. Doubtful. D. Dissatisfied.
2. From Paragraph 2 we learn that _______. A. the necessity of building the international space station is not realized now B. many experiments have been done in the international space station C. the international space station is necessary for people to explore more space D. people have traveled to Mars from the international space station 3. Which of the following is NOT a reason for countries’cooperation in building the international space station? A. It requires a lot of money. B. It needs everyone’s effort.
C. It will benefit every participating country. D. It is too far away from the earth. 4. The underlined word “aggregated” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by “_______ ”． A. united C. allowed B. scolded D. forbade
5. Which of the following aspects about building the international space station is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Difficulties. C. Significance. 6. 请用 30 词左右概括文章大意 ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ________________________ Ⅳ. 读写任务 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A grand memorial service was held on Wednesday, October 28, 2009, in central Hubei province to honor three college students who died rescuing two children from the Yangtze River on October 24. Thousands of people holding chrysanthemum（菊花）flowers went to the Jingzhou Memorial B. Cooperation. D. Specific arrangements.
House to see off the teenagers, all 19-year-old students from the Yangtze University based in Jingzhou City. The three were Chen Jishi, He Dongxu and Fang Zhao. More than 10 students from the Yangtze University formed a ladder with one student holding another’s arms to rescue the two boys in the river on the afternoon of October 24. One of the students lost his grip（控制）on his classmates and all of them were in danger. Several members of a winter swimming team nearby came to help. Chen Jishi, He Dongxu and Fang Zhao were swept away in the river, but others were saved. People touched by their selfless act had donated more than 500, 000 yuan to their relatives on Wednesday. Millions of Internet users made online comments to show their grief（悲伤）. “I am also a college student. I feel sorrow for you, ”said “Liu Zhuoya” from northwestern Xi’an City. However, some questioned the sacrifice. “Sacrifice three and rescue two, is that worthwhile? ” asked “Tiaozhantianya” on the forum of www. 163. com. “Rescue can not be blind as they could not swim. ” 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2． 以约 120 个词就“救人是否要考虑自身安全”这个主题发表你的看法， 至少包括以下要点： 1）当别人有难时，你是否会马上伸出援手？为什么？
2）救人时你是否会考虑自身的安全？ 3）假如你当时在场，你会怎样做？ 【写作要求】 1．你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材 料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
Ⅰ. 1. annual 5. target 2. witnesses 3. pause 4. opposite
Ⅱ. 1. My father helped me out 2. Are you aware that 3. what has taken place 4. throw himself into gardening 5. were about to close down 6. focusing her attention on reading 7. he (should)do his best 8. if/whether anybody had witnessed the accident
9. Having abandoned her baby 10. scaring/which scares others to death Ⅲ. 1. 【解析】 选 A。 态度判断题。 根据第一段中的“. . . we should not stop trying to progress”和文中作者介绍国际空间站的重要性可知，作者对建 设国际空间站持支持态度。 2.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据第二段中的“In a word，if we want to explore more space， the first thing we should do is to set up a space station” 可知，国际空间站是进行太空探索所必需的。 3. 【解析】 选 D。 细节理解题。 根据第三段中的“As the space station costs a lot of money. . . ”和“It is really a job that needs everyone’s effort and will benefit everyone. ”可知， A、 B、 C 三项均提到了， 而文章中没有提到 D。 4.【解析】选 A。词义猜测题。由该词所在的语境可知，发展国际空间 站耗资巨大，因此美国联合其他一些国家共同来建设该工程，即该词 的意思相当于 united。 5. 【解析】 选 D。 细节理解题。 第二段提到了建设国际空间站的重要性， 第三段提到了建设国际空间站面临的困难和合作的重要性，但是文中 没有涉及具体细节安排，故答案为 D。 6. The international space station is of great importance for human beings to explore space. But it needs great funds. Only if all nations unite can the fund problem be settled. Then the international space station will benefit the whole human beings. Ⅳ.【参考范文】
Three college students from the Yangtze University, who lost their lives in order to rescue two drowning children, were honored as heroes in many ways. Their behavior drew public attention and wide discussion. As to me, I will help the people in trouble without hesitation. Just as the saying goes, life is difficult. Everyone may face difficulties that they cannot overcome by themselves, so an instant help is important. Moreover, if you often try your best to help others, you will be helped when in trouble in return. However, I will first consider my own safety before I can rescue someone in danger because it is not worthwhile to lose one more life in case I fail. Therefore, if I had been on the spot, I would have jumped into the river to rescue the children on condition that I could swim. If not, I would have first called the police and then persuade people on the boat and the swimmers nearby to help.
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