【2016 走向高考】高三英语一轮复习 Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications 练习 外研版必修 1
Ⅰ.语法填空，单句训练 1．Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving licence reached 200, 000, a(n) ___
_____ of 40,000 per year. 答案：average 考查名词词义。句意：去年考过驾照的考生人数达到了 20 万，平均每年过 4 万。an average of“平均”。 2．(2015· 冠县武训高中高三月考改编)Children above 12 are able to take part in skiing or other activities ________(design) for children. 答案：designed 考查非谓语动词。句意：12 岁以上的孩子可以参加为孩子开设的滑雪或其 他的活动。根据句意以及句子结构可知，designed for children 相当于定语从句 which/that are designed for children，作定语修饰 skiing or other activities。be designed for“为……设计或计 划”。 3 ． (2015· 吉 林 普 通 中 学 高 三 模 拟 改 编 )With his attention ________(concentrate) on his homework, John didn't notice me come in. 答案：concentrated 考查 with 复合结构。句意：约翰在聚精会神地做作业，他没有注意到 我进来。因为 concentrate 与 his attention 之间是逻辑上的动宾关系，且动作已发生，故用动 词ed 形式作宾补。 4．(2015· 山西忻州实验中学高三模拟改编)He picked up an envelope ________(contain) 50 dollars in it. 答案：containing 句意：他捡到一个信封，里面装有 50 美元。此处现在分词 containing 作 定语，相当于定语从句 which contained。 5．(2015· 四川绵阳高三模拟改编)A medical team, ______(consist) of five experienced doctors and ten skilful nurses, was sent to the earthquake stricken area in Turkey. 答案：consisting 句意：一个由五位经验丰富的医生和十位技术精湛的护士组成的医疗队 被派往土耳其地震灾区。此处 consisting of 相当于定语从句 which consisted of，还可用 made up of 或 composed of 作定语。 6． (2015· 浙江宁波四中月考)Fortunately, with the help of some local villagers, rescuers were able to gain ________ to the disasterhit area soon enough. 答案：access access 为不可数名词“入口；接近”，gain access to 意为“得以进入；接近”，符 合句意。 7．________(compare) with conducting an interview by QQ online, a facetoface interview in person can provide people with more reliable details. 答案：compared 句意：和在线用 QQ 面试相比，亲自面对面的面试可以给人们提供更多可 靠的信息。compare 和 a facetoface interview 之间是逻辑上的动宾关系，故用 compare 的过 去分词形式。 8．(2015· 银川模拟改编)No matter how late she comes home, she makes ________ a habit to walk her dog for about an hour. 答案：it 此处 it 作形式宾语，句意为：不管她回家多么晚，她都将遛狗一小时作为一个习 惯。 9．(2015· 临沂一中高三月考改编)—I'd like a cup of tea and a glass of fruit juice ________well. —OK, just a moment, please.
答案：as 句意：我想要一杯茶，还要一杯果汁。as well 表示“也，还”，通常放在句末。 10．(2015· 辽宁省东北育才双语学校高三第三次模拟改编)I will move out next week. I'm not going to put up________ my roommate smoking any longer. 答案：with 考查动词短语。句意： 我下周就会搬出去。我再也受不了我室友吸烟了。put up with “忍受”，符合句意。 Ⅱ.语法填空，篇章训练 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded Friday to India's Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistan's Malala Yousafzai for their struggles __1__ the suppression(压迫)of children and for young people's rights, __2__(include) the right to education. Yousafzai came to __3__(globe) attention after she __4__(shoot) in the head by the Taliban two years ago for her efforts __5__(promote) education for girls in Pakistan. Through her heroic struggle, Yousafzai has become a leading spokeswoman for girls' rights to education. According to the Nobel committee, at 17 she's the __6__ ever peace prize winner. “I'm proud that I'm the first Pakistani and the first young woman or the first young person __7__ gets this award，” she said in Birmingham, England. She doesn't believe that she deserves the award but considers __8__ an encouragement to continue her campaign and to know that she isn't __9__. Awarding the Peace Prize to a Pakistani Muslim and an Indian Hindu __10__(give) a message to people of love between Pakistan and India, and between different religions. 1．______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6．______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案： 1.against 2.including 3.global 4.was shot 5.to promote 6.youngest 7.that/who 8.it 9.alone 10.gives Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Laptop(便携式)computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplace. In the United States today, laptops also connect students to their classrooms. Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of the 1500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a 510millioncomputer program at Westlake, a 110yearold college. The students with laptops will also have access to the Internet. In addition, they will be able to use e?mail to “speak” with their teachers, their classmates，and their families. However, the most important part of the laptop program is that students will be able to use computers without going to computer labs. They can work with it at home，in a fastfood restaurant or under the trees—anywhere at all! Because of the many changes in computer technology, laptop use in higher education, such as colleges and universities, is workable. As laptops become more powerful，they become more similar to desktop computers. In addition, the portable computers can connect students to not only the Internet, but also libraries and other resources. State highereducation officials are studying how laptops can help students. State officials are also testing laptop programs at other universities, too. At Westlake College, more than 60 percent of the staff use computers. The laptops will allow all
teachers to use computers in their lessons. As one Westlake teacher said，“Here we are in the middle of Virginia and we're giving students a window on the world. They can see everything and do everything.” 1．The main purpose of the laptop program is to give each student a laptop to ________. A．use for their schoolwork B．access the Internet C．work at home D．connect them to libraries 答案： A 由文章第二段中的“ Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want.”可知答案。 2．Why is the word “speak” in the second paragraph in quotation marks? A．They don't really talk. B．They use the computer language. C．Laptops have speakers. D．None of the above reasons is correct. 答案：A 第二段中的句子“In addition, they will be able to use e?mail to ?speak? with their teachers, their classmates，and their families.”说明“speak”指的是“发电子邮件交流”。 3．Which of the following is TRUE about Westlake College? A．All teachers use computers. B．1500 students have laptops. C．It is an old college in America. D．Students there can do everything. 答案： C 从第二段第三句中 “The laptops are part of a 510millioncomputer program at Westlake, a 110?year?old college.”可以了解到，Westlake College 是一所具有 110 年历史的老 校。 4．What can we infer(推断)from the passage? A．The program is successful. B．The program is not workable. C．The program is too expensive. D．We don't know the result yet. 答案：D 短文中大部分句子都使用了一般将来时；再由倒数第二段中的“State officials are also testing laptop programs at other universities, too.”可知，该项目仍在测试中，我们还不知道 结果，C 项在文中没有涉及。 B A new generation addiction is quickly spreading all over the world. Weboholism, a twentieth century disease, affects people from different ages. They surf the Net, use email and speak in chatrooms. They spend many hours on the computer，and it becomes a compulsive habit. They cannot stop and it affects their lives. Decades ago, no one thought that using computers could become compulsive behaviour that could affect the social and physical life of computer users. This obsessional behaviour has affected teenagers and college students. They are likely to log on computers and spend long hours at different websites. They become hooked on computers and gradually their social and school life is affected by this situation. They spend all free time surfing and don't concentrate on homework, so this addiction
influences their grades and success at school. Because they can find everything on the websites, they hang out there. Moreover, this addiction to websites influences their social life. They spend more time in front of computers than with their friends. The relation with their friends changes. The virtual life becomes more important than their real life. They have a new language that they speak in the chatrooms and it muses cultural changes in society. Because of the change in their behaviour，they begin to isolate themselves from the society and live with their virtual friends. They share their emotions and feelings with friends who they have never met in their life. Although they feel confident on the computer, they are not confident with real live friends they have known all their life. It is a problem for the future. This addictive behavior is beginning to affect the entire world. 5．The underlined word “obsessional” in the second paragraph probably means ________. A．attractive B．addictive C．professional D．potential 答案： B 从下句 “They are likely to log on computers and spend long hours at different websites.”可知应选 B 项，表示“上瘾的”。 6．We can infer from the passage that ________. A．weboholism has the greatest effect on teenagers B．students can hardly balance real and virtual life C．people are addicted to games on the Internet D．virtual life is more vivid and attractive anyway 答案：B 根据倒数第二段“The virtual life becomes more important than their real life.”和最后 一段“...they begin to isolate themselves from the society and live with their virtual friends.”可知， 学生很难在现实生活和虚拟生活之间达到平衡。 7．Which of the following is NOT true of weboholism? A．It contributes to the development of the web. B．The chatroom language may change social culture. C．The problem will be getting more and more serious later. D．People addicted to the web often become inactive in real life. 答案：A 本文主要讲述的是网瘾给人们生活带来的影响，并没有讲到网瘾对网络发展的贡 献，所以 A 项错误。 8．The author's attitude towards weboholism is that of being ________. A．optimistic B．neutral C．critical D．acceptable 答案：C 从文章最后一段第二句“Although they feel confident on the computer, they are not confident with real live friends they have known all their life.”可知， 作者对痴迷于网络是持批判 态度的。 Ⅳ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加：在 缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Echo, my favorite teacher, is a pretty and slim lady. When she talks to us, she always has a smile
on his face. I think Echo is gifted teacher because she has a lot of good teach methods. Her classes are so full of funs that you will never feel bored. To improve our grades, she usually gave us some advice on how to learn English well .What's more, she spends much her time helping her students instead of staying with her family. Sometimes, she hardly has any time to have the lunch. Whenever I ask her questions, she will spare no effort to make me understood, with patience or care. I have never seen so a good teacher as her before. 答案： Echo, my favorite teacher, is a pretty and slim lady. When she talks to us, she always has a smile on his face. I think Echo is ∧ gifted teacher because she has a lot of good teach methods. her a teaching Her classes are so full of funs that you will never feel bored. To improve our grades, she usually fun gave us some advice on how to learn English well .What's more, she spends much ∧ her time gives of helping her students instead of staying with her family. Sometimes, she hardly has any time to have the ＼ lunch. Whenever I ask her questions, she will spare no effort to make me understood， understand with patience or care. I have never seen so a good teacher as her before. and such
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