江西省吉安一中 2014 届高三上学期期中考试 英语试卷
考试时间：120 分钟 试卷分值：150 分 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答
有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the conversation take place? A. At a TV shop. B. At the woman's. C. At the man's.
2. What did Bob do yesterday? A. He went out with his family. B. He attended a birthday party. C. He went for a barbecue with friends. 3. What do we know about the show? A. It was terrible. B. It was not different from other shows. C. It was a festival show. 4. What does the woman mean? A. The man should start running daily. B. It's important to warm up before exercising. C. The man should continue his exercise program. 5. When must the book reports be handed in? A. Not later that November 13. B. Not earlier than November 13. C. 0n November 30.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白后，你将有时间阅读各 个小题。 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后， 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至 7 题。
6. When was the man interested in science fiction? A. When he was in elementary school. B. When he was at middle school. C. When he started working. 7. Why does the woman say the man is in love? A. He looks more romantic. B. He always goes out dating. C. He likes reading romance stories. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Who will be the last person to know about the party? A. The woman's brother. B. The man's brother. C. The man's sister.
9. Why is there a party room still available? A. A guest has just cancelled his reservation. B. It is not the busy season. C. The party room is too big. 10. How long will the party last? A. 2 hours. B. 3 hours. C. 4 hours.
听下面一段对话，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. According to the man, what kinds of people are likely to succeed? A. Those who know how to enjoy life. B. Those who grasp every chance. C. Those who give more than take. 12. Which factor is also important for one's success? A. Diligence. B. Talent. C. Family background.
13. What is the woman's job probably? A. The man's secretary. B. A manager. C. A reporter.
听下面一段对话，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What is the main topic of the conversation? A. The hardships of raising children. B. How to raise kids. C. Being childless or not. 15. What is the woman's opinion? A. She Would prefer not to have children. B. She would rather listen to her husband. C. She is eager to have a child. 16. What does the man think of raising children?
A. A child may spoil a couple's happiness. B. A child can help keep a family together. C. It takes a lot of time and energy. 听下面一段对话，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What do Chinese college students usually do for fun on the weekends? A. Eat out in a restaurant. B. Hold parties at home. C. Go to bars. 18. Which of the following is true of karaoke in America? A. It's not as popular as it is in China. B. Americans are less shy about singing. C. Only professional singers go there. 19. Why do American college students go to pubs? A. To see a concert or a small show. B. To drink and dance with their friends. C. To hang out with friends and meet new people. 20. What are the two speakers talking about? A. The life of the American college students. B. Different pastimes for the students of China and America. C. How to enjoy themselves in China.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Last month ______________ violent earthquake hit the central Philippines, leaving ______ 17th-century stone church in ruins. A. a；／ B. the；the C. ／; the D. a; a
22. —Let's go to the theater and watch Madame Butterfly, shall we? —I'm an opera fan. A. It doesn't matter C. It's all up to you B. It's just a piece of cake D. It's just my cup of tea
23. There is ______ like walking as a means of keeping fit. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything
24. Hearing that his daughter was badly injured in the accident, ________. A. his heart sank into his boots C. tears welled up in his eyes B. everything seemed to be over D. he buried his head in his hands
25. This is the third visit that I ____ to your school, and it has changed beyond my recognition. A. pay B. am paying C. have paid D. will pay
26. Some kinds of birds which were once a common _______ are now becoming rare. A. look B. sight C. view D. scenery
27. One thousand dollars a month was not a fortune but would help to _______ household expenses. A. cost B. cover C. spend D. take
28. I'm very grateful to Professor Smith, without ____________ help I would never have got this far. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which
29. It was crazy of you to drive after drinking so much alcohol. You ______ yourself! A. could have killed C. might have killed B. must have killed D. should have killed
30. It is necessary for children to exchange ideas with parents from time to time ______ the generation gap between parents and children car be narrowed. A. so that B. even if C. in case D. as though
31. —I called at about 8 o'clock last night, but nobody answered the phone. —I'm awfully sorry for that. I _____ a shower then. A. took B. was taking C. had taken D. would take
32. She insisted that her husband ________ nothing wrong and that he _______ free at once. A. had done；was set C. should do；was set B. should do；be set D. had done; be set
33. A terrorist, together with his mother and wife, drove a jeep into a crowd of people at Tiananmen Square, _____two and _____ another 40. A. killed, injuring C. killing, injuring B. to kill, injuring D. killing, injured
34. “Don't mind the price!” the young man said to his girlfriend, “Buy it, _____ it costs. ” A. whatever B. however C. who care D. how much
35. _______ the translation with the original, and you will find the inaccuracy. A. Comparing B. Compared C. Compare D. To compare
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上涂黑。 The Lifesaving Dog Three-year-old Alida Knobloch and her 60-pound golden dog, Mr. Gibbs, are almost
inseparable. They are
by a special link of love and, because of 38
rare lung disease, 39 to
by a two-foot tube that delivers
from tanks on the dog's back to Alida's nose. 40
at eight months old with the disease called NEHI, Alida, who lives in Georgia, is breathe normally on her own for more than 45 minutes. So Mr. Gibbs everywhere, carrying ten pounds of 42 , including an oxygen tank. 43 41
Young children normally don't have the Alida, along with her the 45
to control a service dog, but Mr. Gibbs and
44 , have worked closely with dog trainer Ashleigh Kinsleigh to develop
relationship between the girl and the dog. 46 she does,” says Kinsleigh. So far, Mr. Gibbs has learned to jog 47
“His job is to do
Alida's bike, follow her as she plays around the family home, and park himself below her high 48 while she eats. “We're 49 that by the time Alida starts kindergarten, Mr. Gibbs will be able to go with
her,” says her father. Childhood 50 experts have told the Knoblochs that children can grow out of the 51 some kind of oxygen 53 . Mr.
necessity for additional oxygen, but Alida will probably always assistance. Now the Knoblochs can't 52
a time the two companions won't be
Gibbs seems to need Alida as much as she needs him, says Aaron. “The dog is upset if he and Alida are 54 even for a moment. ” 55 . D. connected D. her mother’s D. medicine D. Treated D. difficult D. entertains D. equipment D. qualification D. pets D. ridiculous D. whatever D. alongside D. cupboard D. discussing D. nutrition D. need D. escape
For young Alida Knobloch, the dog Mr. Gibbs is a true 36. A. touched 37. A. Alida’s 38. A. oxygen 39. A. Charged 40. A. eager 41. A. carries 42. A. toys 43. A. desire 44. A. parents 45. A. strange 46. A. wherever 47. A. on 48. A. bike 49. A. hoping 50. A. education 51. A. refuse 52. A. spend B. encouraged B. the dog’s B. water B. Suffered B. willing B. accompanies B. snacks B. emotion B. teachers B. special B. however B. off B. bed B. suggesting B. disease B. carry B. await
C. limited C. her father’s C. food C. Diagnosed C. unable C. guides C. drink C. skill C. friends C. tense C. whenever C. over C. chair C. warning C. sport C. offer C. imagine
53. A. face-to-face 54. A. apart 55. A. teacher
B. side-by-side B. together B. lifesaver
C. hand-in-hand C. absent C. trainer
D. Heart-to-heart D. present D. pet
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A The summer of 1975 I’d just graduated from college in Southern California and received a 1968 Ford Capri for a graduation present. I had my first job, in Los Angeles. One Sunday night, thinking myself a very independent grown-up, I left my uncle’s place in South Laguna after a visit, without confessing to him that I had less than an eighth of a tank of gas and no cash to buy more on the way to L.A. I pulled onto the Pacific Coast Highway and watched the needle move down as I headed north. When the engine started giving off strong smells, I pulled into a gas station. There was no self-serve then; there were no credit cards, no ATMs. I begged the guy at the station. I could write him a check for gas, I said, or I could sleep in my car and try to walk to a town with a bank the next morning. As he was informing me that I could sleep in my car but he’d have me arrested, a heavy truck pulled up to the next pump. The driver a thin, plain, middle-aged guy —overheard the tail end of my failed request. As the attendant went to serve him, he nodded at me. “Fill her tank first, ”he said. “Really? ”I said. Hope bloomed. “Oh, thank you. Thank you. But please. I just need two bucks’ worth. I just need to get home.” “Fill it,” he repeated to the attendant. Then to me, “You’ll do the same one day, for someone else.” 56. When the author found he was short of gas he was _______. A. on the way to South Laguna B. in South Laguna C. on the way to Los Angeles D. in Los Angeles 57. The author had hoped that the gas station attendant would allow him to pay ____. A. in cash B. by check C. by credit D. nothing 58. What do you think of the attendant in the sation? A. Generous. B. Considerate.
C. Cold-hearted. D. Absent-minded. 59. What happened to the author in the end? A. He slept in his car. B. He walked back to L.A. C. Police arrested him. D. A stranger helped him. 60. What does the underlined word probably mean? A. Suggesting. B. Apologizing. C. Admitting. D. Promising. B The Box Jelly has a boxy bell head the size of a basket ball, 4 brains and 5,000 deadly stinging （叮，蜇）cells on each of its 10-60, two-meter-long tentacles（触须）. It hunts and kills with unbelievable speed and violence. Known as the most poisonous creature in the world, this “toxic box”is responsible for at least one death a year around Australia and has killed 67 people since records began in 1883, though the total is misleading since many deaths resulting from heart attacks or drowning could have been caused by toxic jellies. The Box Jellyfish is mostly a problem from October - May. Symptoms: ——severe pain, headache, vomiting（呕吐） ——skin swelling, wounds, redness ——difficulty breathing, swallowing and speech ——trembling, sweating ——irregular pulse, heart failure Stings treatment: ——Pour vinegar over tentacles. ——Life off any tentacles with a stick or similar. ——Use pressure - immobilization on limbs if possible. i.e. quickly wrap a light bandage above and below the sting （if you can’t get two fingers under the bandage, it’s too tight.） ——Keep the stung area at heart level if possible. Too high causes venom to travel to the heart, too low causes more swelling. ——Do not drink alcohol, or take any medicine or food. ——Get medical treatment urgently or apply anti—venom if available.
61. Which of the following is one of the symptoms caused by jellyfish stings? A. throwing up what you have eaten B. sweating with the heart beating wildly C. keeping trembling and screaming D. Having swelling and blackening skin 62. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Box jellies tend to attack people between June and September. B. You can help people stung by jellies by offering them some fruit. C. Pouring alcohol over the wound is a good way to treat jelly stings. D. The jellyfish will leave its tentacles in your skin after stinging you. 63. Stung by a jellyfish, you should ______. A. remove the tentacles from the skin by hand B. wrap the wounded limb as tightly as possible C. lift your wounded arm up above your head D. apply anti—venom to the wound if accessible 64. What does the underlined word “toxic” probably mean? A. Poisonous. B. Magical. C. Beneficial. D. Beautiful. 65. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The box jelly tends to attack people with great speed. B. Some deaths may be caused by toxic jellies indirectly. C. Nobody had been killed by the box jelly before 1883. D. One might be choked to death if stung by a box jelly. C Cockroaches are the most unpleasant of all insects. Seemingly large and fast, and they live in the most disgusting conditions. It’s no wonder the first reaction of many to seeing a cockroach is to try to destroy it, and few would drop a tear at the thought of the entire species dying out. But, of course, things are not so simple. Unpleasant though they are, according to biologists the ill-famed cockroach is essential to the survival of the planet’s delicate ecosystem. According to Srini Kambhampati, professor and chairman of the biology department at the University of Texas, the disappearance of cockroaches would play havoc with the nitrogen cycle. As a leading expert on roaches, he said: “Most cockroaches feed on rotten organic matter, which traps a lot of nitrogen. Cockroach feeding has the effect of releasing that nitrogen （in their
waste）which then gets into the soil and is used by plants. In other words, extinction of cockroaches would have a big impact on forest health and therefore indirectly on all the species that live there.” The professor also warned that the Earth’s 5,000 to 10,000 cockroach species are also an important source of food for many birds and small mammals like mice and rats. In turn, these killers themselves are food of many other species like cats, wolves and snakes, as well as eagles and other big birds. Any cut to the number of cockroaches would thus have a harmful effect on the wellbeing of all these species that could have a destroying effect on wildlife across that world. Of course, there’s not much chance of a cockroach extinction level event happening any time soon. Still, although it was once believed that they would be one of the few creatures to survive even a nuclear Third World War, that idea has since been considered untrue. 66. What is the main idea of this passage? A. The hated cockroach is essential to the survival of the planet’s delicate ecosystem. B. The cockroach is a harmful species which is expected to die out in the near future. C. Nobody will feel sad at the fact that the entire species of cockroach is dying out. D. Let’s destroy cockroaches without mercy because they polluted the environment. 67. The underlined phrase “play havoc with” can be replaced by ________. A. play tricks on B. play a positive role in C. do good to D. do harm to 68. From what Professor Kambhampati said in Paragraph 5, we can learn that _______. A. cockroaches eat rotten organic matter to get nitrogen B. nitrogen can make the soil suitable for plants to grow C. cockroaches’ dying out directly destroy all the species D. Plants benefit from cockroaches’ getting into the soil 69. Which of the following belong to “these killers” in Paragraph 7? A. Cockroaches. B. Mice and rats. C. Cats and wolves. D. Snakes and eagles. 70. We can infer from the last paragraphs that ________. A. cockroaches can survive a nuclear war B. cockroaches might cause a world war C. cockroaches will never be extinct at all
D. cockroaches also need to be protected D BANGALORE At 7 a.m. on Tuesday doctors will begin performing a 40-hour operation on a two -year-old girl born with four arms and four legs, hoping to leave the girl with a normal body, a hospital official said. The girl, Lakshmi, is named after the four-armed Hindu goddess, and some in her poor village in the northern state of Bihar do consider her as a goddess. She has extra limbs because she is joined to a parasitic （寄生的）twin, who stopped developing in her mother's womb. Her deformity makes it impossible for her to stand or walk. “We took her to a hospital in Delhi after her birth but some circus（马戏团）owners got to hear about her. They wanted to turn her into a freak （怪人） show and offered us money, but we brought her back to the village, ”says the father. Too scared to take her to a hospital again, her parents hid her in the village until Dr. Patil from the Bangalore-based Sparsh Hospital heard of her and offered to operate for free. Along with the Sparsh team, doctors and experts from other hospitals will take part in the operation. Her parents were extremely excited and were willing to do anything to help separate her from her parasitic twin. The doctors began conducting tests from October 3. Over the next three weeks, Lakshmi went through a series of tests to prepare her for the surgery. “It's a big team effort of a lot of skilled doctors who will devote their heart and soul to solving the problem of Lakshmi,” said Dr. Patil, the lead doctor in the operation. Doctors at Sparsh Hospital in Bangalore say she is popular among the medical staff and other patients. “She's a very cute girl,” said Mamatha. “She's very playful and gets along well with others. ” 71. When will the operation be finished? A. On Tuesday evening. C. On Wednesday night. B. On Wednesday morning. D. On Thursday morning.
72. What will happen if the girl is not operated? A. She will become a goddess. C. She will be on a freak show B. She won't be able to walk. D. She will lose her life soon.
73. What does the underlined word limbs mean? A. Illnesses. B. Disability. C. Bodies. D. Arms or legs.
74. What do the doctors probably think about the result of the operation? A. Hopeful. B. Worrying. C. Harmful. D. Interesting.
75. Who do not really care about the little girl? A. Her parents. C. The doctors. B. People in her village. D. Some circus owners.
第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文并回答问题， 然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上 （请注意问题后的词数 要求） 。  You're either born happy or you're not. Only 50 per cent of our happiness is genetic. The other half is learned, which means we can take simple steps towards becoming happier—even later in life.  Be Kind. Performing regular and voluntary acts of kindness lifts your mood instantly and has long-term positive effects. Money doesn't work! It can't buy you happiness, because our emotional states are rarely tied to things we own. Still, there's one instance where cash does equal contentment：when we spend it on others.  Daydream. Daydreaming has proven to be effective in reducing stress, anxiety and depression. Just thinking positire doesn't work. Recent studies discover equal value in our ability to see the glass half empty-the more we embrace uncertainty and the possibility of failure, the more at peace we are with fate. Have Clear Goals. Working towards your goals not just achieving them） （ produces positive feelings while suppressing negative ones.  Put Important People First. Developing good personal relationships will help you stay strong in hard times. When we're happy and relaxed, we're better able to digest our food.  Stay True to Yoursel. Achievements will be sweeter if you're living according to your values, say experts. Here is a quote from Gandhi：“Happiness is when what you think, what you say and ________ are in harmony. ” Pretend to be happy. Studies have shown that the physical acts of smiling and laughing—even if you're faking—can bring about genuinely happy emotions. People who rate their happiness levels as high tend to have lower heart rates. 76. What is the main idea of this passage?（no more than 6 words） ____________________________________ 77. According to Paragraph 3, what is the benefit of daydreaming? （no more than 7 words） ___________________________________ 78. Fill in the blanks in Paragraph 6 with proper words. ___________________________________________ 79. Why does the writer advise us to pretend to be happy?（no more than 10 words） _________________________________ 80. What does the underlined word “ones” （Line 2, Para. 4） probably refer to? than 1 word） （no more （no more than 3 words）
第二节：写作（满分 25 分） 孩子的成长和教育是社会热议的话题， 现今父母包揽一切、 孩子过度依赖等现象十分严 重。请阅读下面的漫画，按要求用英文写一篇短文。
内容要求：1. 描述漫画内容； 2. 分析漫画所揭示的问题； 3. 提出你的看法。 注意： 1. 短文开头已给出，不计入总词数； 2. 考生可适当发挥，使文章内容充实、连贯； 3. 词数 120 左右； 参考词汇：pave the way From the picture, we can see a family of three walking on a long red carpet. __________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________
copyright ©right 2010-2020。