当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 【优化方案】2014届高考英语(大纲版)一轮复习配套课件:Unit7 Living with disease(必修2)

【优化方案】2014届高考英语(大纲版)一轮复习配套课件:Unit7 Living with disease(必修2)


Unit 7

Living with disease

正视疾病

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本讲目录

基 础 盘 点 自 测 自 评

考 点 串 讲 讲 练 互 动

强 化 训 练 知 能 闯 关

基础盘点自测自评

>核心单词
persuade 1.Can you ____________ (说服)her out of the foolish plan?
2.You will be informed when the book becomes available ____________ (可利用的). discouraged 3.He is easily ____________ ( 泄 气 )by difficulties and obstacles (挫折). specialist 4.An eye ____________ (专科医生)examined my left eye and

advised me to come into hospital.
5.Because there is so much unemployment,the competition fierce for jobs is ____________ (激烈的).
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strangers 6.They taught the little boy not to talk to _________ (陌生人). recover 7.He is seriously ill and unlikely to __________ (恢复) from it. proper 8.We need to put the books back in the ____________ (适当的
) place. 9.用 strength 的适当形式填空: (1)When we think of leadership,we often think of strength ____________ and power. strengthen (2)The exercises are designed to ____________ your stomach muscles. 10.Our government is taking effective measures to prevent prevention __________ AIDS from spreading.It is __________ rather than cure that counts.(prevent)
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高频短语
live with 1.________________ 忍受;与??住在一起 die of 2.________________ 病(饿、冻)死 cheer up 3.________________ (使)感到振奋;(使)感到高兴 suffer from 4.________________ 遭受(痛苦、疾病、损失等) in the contrary 5.________________ 正相反 free from 6.________________ 不受??的影响;没有??的 break down 7.________________ 毁掉;分解 become infected with 8.__________________ 受??感染 to the fullest 9.________________ 充分地 take a chance 10.________________ 利用机会;碰碰运气

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典型句式
As with 1.________ most diseases and disasters,the young suffer the most. 正如大多数疾病和灾难一样,年轻人遭受得最多。 were would give 2.“If I _________ you ”,Xiaohua says,“I ___________ an AIDS patient a hug ...” “如果我是你”,小华说,“我会给艾滋病人一个拥抱??” had been 3.I _________ feeling sick for a long time and my mum had taken ____________ me to hospital to have me examined. 很长时间以来我感到很恶心,我妈妈带我到医院做了检查。
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4.Cells either divide too fast or at the wrong time, making it difficult _________________ for the body to function properly. 细胞要么分裂太快,要么分裂时间不当,致使身体难以活动 正常。

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考点串讲讲练互动
单词精研
1.persuade vt. 说服;劝服;使某人相信
( 教 材 P52)Xiaohua is trying to change this by creating a network of patients and doctors that can persuade hospitals and companies to spend more money on AIDS research and education.小华正努力改变这种现象:她建立了一个医生与病 人的联络网,想通过这种方法说服医院和公司使用更多的经 费,用于艾滋病的研究与教育工作。 (1)说服;劝服

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? ?说服某人做某事 persuade sb.into doing sth. ?

persuade sb.to do sth.

? ?说服某人不做某事 persuade sb.out of doing sth. ?

persuade sb.not to do sth.

①I finally managed to persuade her to go out for a drink with me.我最后终于想法子说服她跟我一起出去喝一杯。 ②I persuaded her into giving up that foolish idea. 我劝她放弃了那个愚蠢的想法。 ③I finally persuaded him out of smoking/not to smoke. 我最终说服了他戒烟。

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(2)使某人相信
?persuade sb.of sth.说服某人信服某事 ? ? ? ?persuade sb.that ...使人相信??

④(牛津 P1482)It will be difficult to persuade them that there is no other choice.很难让他们相信别无选择。

【温馨提示】

advise sb.to do sth.=try to persuade sb.to do

sth.表示“劝某人做某事/试图说服某人做某事”,强调动作; persuade sb.to do sth.则表示“成功地说服某人做某事”,强 调结果。

⑤He tried to persuade me to give up smoking,but in vain.
他尽力劝服我戒烟,但是没有用。
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[即境活用] 1.完成句子 (1)不要被说服买你实际上并不需要的东西。 be persuaded into Don’t let yourself __________________ buying things you don’t really need.

(2)她劝我不要放弃工作,离开家人。
persuaded me out of giving up She ______________________________ the job and leaving the family. (3)我还不能完全信服这个计划的优点。 persuaded of I am still not fully ________________ the plan’s advantages.
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2.lack n. 缺少;缺乏;没有的东西; vt.& vi. 缺少,没有 (教材 P51)The disease is spreading fast in Africa and parts of Asia, mainly because of a lack of proper health care , prevention and education.这种病在非洲和亚洲的部分地区传 播迅速,主要是由于缺乏合理的健康保护、预防及教育。 (1)n.缺少;缺乏;没有的东西

?no lack of 充足的 ? ?for/through lack of 因缺少?? ??a? lack of ??的缺乏 ?
①(2012· 高考湖北卷· 阅读理解 E)Sleepy people’s lack of focus leads to an increase in creative problem solving. 昏昏欲睡的人缺乏集中力反而提高了创造性地解决问题的能 力。
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②(2012· 高考福建卷· 阅读理解 E)The lack of free school meals for six weeks can result in pressure on a family budget...六周 没有免费的校餐会给家庭预算造成压力?? (2)vt. & vi.缺乏,缺少;没有
?lack sth.缺乏??,没有?? ? ? ?lack for sth.欠缺,需要?? ?

③Her real problem is that she lacks patience. 她的真正问题是缺乏耐心。 ④They are so rich that they lack for nothing. 他们非常富有,什么东西都不缺。

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[即境活用] 2.Generally speaking,John has done a good job but even so,he seems to________confidence.

A.lack
B.short C.be short D.lacking 解析:选A。lack可作为及物动词,直接带宾语,表示“缺乏”;

be short of...缺少??。
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3.available
(指人)有空的

adj. (指物)可利用的,可达到的,有效的,

(教材P51)The drugs that are available are much too expensive.

可用的药物太贵了。
①(朗文P114)We’ve used up all the available space. 可用的空间我们都用完了。

②(朗文P114)Every available ambulance rushed to the scene of
the accident. 所有能调用的救护车都迅速赶往出事的地点。 ③The reasonable prices make the computers available for the ordinary consumers. 合理的价格使得普通的消费者都可以买得起电脑。
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? ?make sth.available to/for sb.使某人可以享受某物; ? 使某人买得起某物 ?be available to 对??是可以利用的 ?
be available for ... 对于??可利用的,有用的

【温馨提示】

下列单词易混淆:

available 可利用的
accessible 可接近的;可进入的

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[即境活用] 3.There are plenty of jobs ________ in the western part of the country. A.present B.available C.precious D.convenient

解析:选B。句意:在那个国家西部地区有许多工作供你选择。
present目前的,现在的(前置定语);出席的,在场的(后置定 语);available可用的,可得到的,可达到的;precious宝贵

的,珍贵的;convenient方便的,便利的。
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4.strength

n. 力量;力气;体力;优势

(教材P55)They helped me find the strength I needed to recover and they kept me from feeling sad and lonely. 他们帮我找到康复所需的力量,而且让我远离悲伤和孤独。 ①( 朗 文 P2039)Kim exercises every day to build up her

strength.金每天锻炼以增强体力。
②(朗文P2039)Sarah hugged her brother with all her strength. 萨拉使尽全力拥抱她弟弟。 ③Your support has given me the strength to carry on. 你的支持给了我坚持下去的力量。
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归纳拓展 strengthen v.变强;加强;使坚强 ④The latest development has further strengthened my determination to leave.

最近事态的发展更坚定了我离开的决心。

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[即境活用] 4.To make members of a team perform better,the trainer first of all has to know their ________ and weaknesses. A.strengths

B.benefits
C.techniques D.values 解析:选A。与weaknesses相对应的应为strengths(优势),因 此选A。
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5.recover

vt.& vi.

恢复;重新找到;弥补

(教材 P55)They helped me find the strength I needed to recover and they kept me from feeling sad and lonely. 他们帮我找到康复所需的力量,而且让我远离悲伤和孤独。

?recover from 从??中恢复过来 ? ? recover oneself health 恢复健康 recover one’s ?recover sth.取回?遗失之物?;恢复 ?
? ? ? ? ?

recover sth.from sb./sth.重新获得某事物

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①The doctor says he is recovering faster than expected. 医生说,他的恢复状况比预料的快。 ②It can take many years to recover from the death of a loved

one.从失去亲人的痛苦中恢复过来可能要花很多年。
③( 朗 文 P1708)The company hopes to recover the cost of developing their new product.

公司希望能够收回开发新产品的成本。
④The doctor said he would recover himself in a day or two. 医生说他一两天以后就会恢复健康。

⑤The economy is at last beginning to recover.
经济终于开始复苏了。
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[即境活用] 5.翻译句子

Most people recover from food poisoning after a few days of
resting and drinking extra water. 几天的休息并且多喝水之后,大多数人从食物中毒中康复了。 ______________________________________________________

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6.live with

忍受;与??住在一起

(教材P51)People who see Xiaohua would never guess that she is one of millions of children in the world living and dying with AIDS.见过小华的人不会想到她是世界上患有艾滋病并

将死于艾滋病的几百万儿童中的一个。
①He has been living with cancer for two years. 他患癌症两年了。 ②You must live with the fact that you are no longer as strong as you were.你必须承认,你已经不像过去那样健壮了。
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归纳拓展 live by 赖??为生;以??为生

live for 为??而活;渴望
live on 以??为主食;以??为生计 live through 活过??,度过??,经历过?? live up to 达到;符合;不辜负(他人的期望) live a ... life 过着??的生活 ③As a man,you should have something to live for. 作为男子汉,你应当有生活的目的。

④What he said lived up to his reputation.
他的所言配得上他的名声。
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[即境活用] 6.In modern times,people have to learn to ______ all kinds of pressure although they are leading a comfortable life. A.keep with B.stay with C.meet with D.live with

解析:选D。句意:在现代,虽然人们过着舒适的生活,但他们
也不得不学会忍受各种压力。stay with与??暂住在一起; meet with偶遇,获得;live with—to accept sth.unpleasant忍

受,容忍。由句意可知D项正确。
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7.cheer... up

(使)感到振奋;(使)感到高兴(up为副词)

(教材P52)She also goes to visit other AIDS patients in hospitals

across the country to support them and cheer them up.
她也经常去全国各地的医院拜访其他的艾滋病人,鼓励他们 并让他们振作起来。

①(牛津P327)Give Mary a call,she needs cheering up.
给玛丽打个电话,她需要人安慰。 ②The good news cheered (up) everybody who heard it.

喜讯使每一个听到的人感到高兴。
③We all cheered as the team came on to the field. (球)队入场时我们都欢呼起来。
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归纳拓展 cheer sb.on (比赛中)以喝彩声鼓励;为某人加油 cheer the victory 为胜利而欢呼 ④The spectators cheered the runners on.

观众用喝彩声为赛跑选手加油。

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[即境活用] 7.(2012· 庆 模 拟 )—My family usually goes skating for 重 vacation.I like skating,but I want to try something different this year.—________ A.Let’s go. B.Cheer up.

C.Like what?

D.Take care.

解析:选C。考查情景交际。前句句意为:我们一家度假的时 候通常去滑冰。我喜欢滑冰,但是今年我想尝试一下别的。 Let’s go 让我们去吧;Cheer up 高兴点;Like what?比如说 呢?Take care 小心点。从句意看C项最符合语境。
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句型精析
(教材P55)Cells either divide too fast or at the wrong time,
making it difficult for the body to function properly.细胞要么 分裂太快,要么分裂时间不当,致使身体难以活动正常。 [句法分析] making it difficult for the body to function properly为分词短 语在句中作结果状语。 ①Their car was caught in a traffic jam,thus causing the delay. 他们的车遇到了交通堵塞,结果造成了延误。 ②European football is played in 80 countries,making it the most popular sport in the world. 八十个国家踢欧式足球,使它成为世界上最流行的运动。
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【温馨提示】

现在分词作结果状语常表示“意料、情理之

中”,而不定式作结果状语常表出乎意料的结果。
③He hurried to the bus stop,only to find the bus had left.

他匆匆地去了车站,结果发现车已离开。
④Her father disappeared,never to be heard from again. 她的父亲离家出走,从此杳无音讯。

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[即境活用] 8.The news shocked the public , ______to great concern

about students’ safety at school.
A.having led B.led

C.leading
D.to lead 解析:选C。考查非谓语动词作结果状语。句意:这条新闻使

广大民众感到很震惊,引起了人们对在校学生安全的担忧。
首先排除B和D两项;having done 指动作先于谓语动词发生, 在此不符合语境,故只能选择C。
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