2013 年北京市中考英语强化 一、单项填空。 22． my mother’s birthday． father will give ________ a new handbag as a birthday present． It’s My ________ old one is too old！ A．she；Hers B．her；She’s C．she：Her D．her；He
r 23. The train from Shanghai arrives ______ about7:00 a.m. A. of B. in C. on D. at 24. Jeff studied hard and got_____ grades than before. A. good B. better C. best D. the best 25. 一_____the little kid dress herself? 一 No, she can't. She is only two years old. A. Can B. May C. Must D. Need 26. I have two hobbies. One is painting, ______ is playing guitar. A. other B. others C. another D. the other 28. Let’s ______ goodbye to plastic bags in order to protect the environment. A. say B. said C. saying D. to say 29. Be confident! Everyone will succeed if he _____ in himself. A. believe B. believes C. believed D. will believe 30. We'll ask Mr. Smith _____ the students a report on world peace tomorrow. A. give B. given C. giving D. to give 31. Plan everything ahead, _____ you will live an easy life. A. and B. but C. for D. or 32. Alan and I ____ friends ever since we were at school together. A. am B. were C. will be D. have been 33. It is true that knowledge_____ instead of being taught. A. learns B. learned C. is learned D. was learned 34. --Can you tell me______ when the teacher came into the classroom? -- Sorry, I don't know. A. what were the students doing B. what are the students doing C. what the students were doing D. what the students are doing 19. My brother is a teacher. _____ teaches English in a middle school. A. He B. Him C. She D. Her 20. — When was your father born? — He was born _____ 1974. A. of B. in C. on D. at 21. — Who is _____, Tom, Susan or Tony? — Tony is. A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest 22. — _____ are you going to do this weekend? — I’m going to buy some books. A. What B. Where C. When D. How 23. This coat is expensive, _____ it’s cheaper on Taobao shop.
A. but B. and C. or D. so 24. — Kate, _____ you dance? — Of course, I can. A. may B. can C. must D. need 25. My brother enjoys _____ in his spare time. A. swim B. swims C. swimming D. to swim 26. Mr. Liu _____ in our school since 1994. A. works B. worked C. is working D. has worked 27. —Are you watching TV, John? —No. I _____ my homework. A. do B. did C. am doing D. was doing 28. I _____ football with my friends tomorrow. A. play B. played C. will play D. have played 29. He _____ a meeting when his friend called him yesterday. A. have B has C. is having D. was having 30. Will you go swimming with me after you finish _____ your homework? A. does B. did C. doing D. to do 31. — Where is my picture book, mum? — It _____ to Jack yesterday. A. lend B. lent C. was lent D. is lent 32. Mr. Wang didn’t tell us _____ last year. A. where does he work B. where he works C. where did he work D. where he worked 完型解题技巧 [解题基本方法] 根据完形填空的试题特点，我们可以采取以下几种方法： 1.论证法 根据上下文的意思，运用所学的词汇和语法知识，从句子结构和意义上进行分析，并判断所选词语是 否正确。 2.推理法 根据考生对整篇短文的理解，对文章的主题，情节的发展做出合理的推断。 3.上下文搜索法 完形填空给出的是都是整篇的文章，文章本身就是前后一致的。我们可能从上下文中找到提示或发现 答案。 4.排除法 在无法确定答案的时候，我们可以采取排除法，逐一验证四个选项，以将错误答案一一排除后得出正 确答案。 [解题步骤] 要做好完形填空题，可依据以下几个步骤进行： 1. 通读全文 掌握大意 由于完形填空是一个整篇的文章，因此千万不要看一个空选择一个空。在答题之前要快速地将文章通 读一遍，了解文章的大意。 完形填空的第一句一般是不留空的，并且第一句话很关键。它往往是文章的主题句，所以我们要加以
重视。另外在快速阅读时应抓住文章的关键句，比如文章的第一句，段落的第一句和最后一句等。它们往 往是全文或全段的主题句，通过它们可以知道文章的题材，大意，时间，人物，事件等。比如 2003 年福 建省福州市中考题中的完形填空的第一句话是： Green was ill and went to the hospital. 通过这句话我们可 Mr 知这是一篇记叙文，主人公是 Mr Green ，主要内容是到医院看病。 另外在阅读中要对其中的时间词，动词要加以注意。 2. 精读试填 依据文章的主干，运用所学的词汇和语法知识，根据上下文的关系，加上初读的印象和正确的英语语 感，运用前面介绍的解题方法，将答案初步确定。这是解题的重要步骤，要细心分析，严密论证。 在解题过程中，不少考生答题时只看有空白的部分，这种离开上下文，单独地看一个句子，答案可能 是正确的，但结合整篇文章来看，内容确是错误的。因此就要求考生要前后兼顾，上下统筹。最终才能得 出正确答案。 我们以 2003 年安徽省中考完形填空题为例，其中有这样一句话： The Thais (44)_______ to eat with their hands and now there are still some people who eat this way… A. went B. had C. wanted D. used 这句话如果只看空格，四个选项分别是 短语: go to do…, have to do …, want to do…, used to do…, 但结合后半句 and now there are still some people who eat this way, 可知答案应该是 D。 3. 复读核定 当第二步完成以后，应该将短文重新再读一遍，并要多方位地检查所选的答案，看看将所选答案填入 后，文章是否连贯。在这一环节里，要特别注意平时易错的地方，并对名词的单复数，动词的时态和语态， 形容词和副词的比较等级，代词的用法等加以注意，以避免出现因疏忽丢分的现象。 4. 再读全文 局部调整 答案确定以后，我们最后将全文再读一遍，这时我们要着眼于全篇。对在阅读中发现的个别问题要进 行局部调整，在更换答案时既要遵循语法规则，又要兼顾全篇。 这几年，完形填空题在选材上越来越多样化，并且越来越具实效性。这就要求同学们不仅只是阅读课 本，还要通过报刊，电视，广播，互联网等方式不断拓宽知识面，并始终坚持阅读和写作练习，以提高自 身的素质。 二、完形填空。 One night I was driving from Harrisburg to Lewisburg, a distance of eight miles. I was late so I drove very 35 . Severals times I got stuck behind a slow-moving truck on a narrow road, and I was shouting and 36 the steering wheel (方向盘) with impatience. At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road, but as I got 37 the light, it turned red and I stopped. I looked left, right and behind. Nothing. Not a car, no 38 of headlights, but there I sat, waiting for the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any 39 . I started wondering why I refused to run the red light. There was obviously no policeman around, and it certainly would not have been 40 in going through it. Later that night, after I had climbed into bed, the question of why I stopped for that light 41 back to me. I did so because it’s part of a contract (协议) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but an agreement we have, and we trust each other to 42 it. It’s 43 that we ever trust each other to do the right things. It’s a good thing because the whole structure of our society depends on trust. This whole thing we have going for us would fall apart if we didn’t trust each other
most of the time. We do 44 we say we’ll do; and we pay when we say we’ll pay. We trust each other in these matters, and when we don’t do what we’ve 45 , others will be angry or disappointed with us because we violate (亵渎) the 46 they have in us. I was so proud of myself for stopping for the red light that night ! 35. A. fast B. well C. carefully D. quietly 36. A. pulling B. playing C. fixing D. hitting 37. A. along with B. down to C. close to D. out of 38. A. condition B. suggestion C. instruction D. relation 39. A. way B. situation C. road D. direction 40. A. safe B. easy C. dangerous D. wrong 41. A. came B. went C. rushed D. flew 42. A. honor B. make C. protect D. believe 43. A. surpring B. amazing C. interesting D. frustrating 44. A. which B. what C. whether D. that 45. A. accepted B. told C. promised D. known 46. A. truth B. pride C. worth D. Trust At lunchtime, Bonnie and Ruth sat together like they always did at school. Ruth and Bonnie were best friends and best friends always sat together for lunch. They 35 sandwiches, cupcakes and almost everything. But today things were different. Bonnie looked upset, and Ruth did not know why. “Why are you sad today, Bonnie?” Ruth asked. “Because my daddy 36 his job yesterday,” she said. “And we may have to move. My mom and dad are very unhappy and they always argue. I am 37 . What is going to happen to us?” Bonnie’s news made Ruth very sad, too. What would school be like 38 Bonnie? What could she do to help her friend? When Ruth went home she told her mom the bad 39 . “What can I do to help?” she asked. “I’m not sure, Ruth,” said her mother sadly. Ruth thought and thought. She thought while she ate supper and she thought while she did homework. She even thought when she brushed her teeth before going to bed. “What can I do?” she 40 . The next day was Saturday and Ruth woke up very early. She dressed and ate a quick breakfast, then went to find her friends. They all decided to 41 together to help Bonnie. They pulled weeds, played with babies and walked dogs. They even put on a Talent show in Ruth’s backyard. All the adults paid one dollar to watch the 42 sing and dance and do magic tricks. After the performance, the children 43 their money. They had made three hundred dollars! Ruth’s mom took them to the grocery store and they bought food, soap, paper towels, and all kinds of things that a person might need. When they left the store they went to Bonnie’s house and each of the children 44 carried a bag to the door, rang the doorbell and ran, giggling all the way. They had so much fun with 45 secret surprise! They knew it would make Bonnie very happy. Ruth felt happy too, because she had helped her friend. She knew it wasn’t much, but all she needed to do was to show her friend that she 46 . I think Bonnie got the message, don’t you? 35. A. found B. expected C. shared D. bought 36. A. changed B. lost C. enjoyed D. got 37. A. worried B. lonely C. disappointed D. surprised
38. A. to 39. A. story 40. A. dreamt 41. A. work 42. A. parents 43. A. collected 44. A. gently 45. A. their 46. A. helped
B. with C. for D. without B. result C. news D. report B. questioned C. talked D. wondered B. study C. meet D. think B. actors C. students D. children B. saved C. counted D. spent B. quietly C. seriously D. patiently B. his C. her D. its B. cared C. understood D. Realized
Students in high schools can be cruel and we certainly were to a young man named Matt who was in my class. We laughed at him about his size. He was at least fifty pounds overweight. One day he sat near me in gym class. Someone pushed him and he __33__ on me and hurt my foot quite badly. With the whole class __34__, I had to choose either to laugh it off or pick a fight with Matt. I chose to __35__ in order to keep my face. I shouted, “Come on, Matt, let’s fight.” He said he didn’t want to. But peer pressure (同辈压力) __36__ him into the fight whether he liked it or not. He came toward me with his fists（拳头） in the air. With one __37__ I bloodied his nose and the class went wild. Just then the teacher walked into the room. He saw that we were fighting and sent us out to the running track. He followed us with a __38__ on his face and said, “I want you two boys to go out there and run that mile holding each other’s hands.” The room broke into __39__. The two of us were __40__, but Matt and I went out to the track and ran our mile — hand in hand. At some point during the course of our run, I looked at him, with blood still flowing from his nose and his weight slowing him down. I realized that he was a boy as me. I no longer saw Matt as __41__. It was amazing what I learned when I was forced to go hand-in-hand with someone for only one mile. For the rest of my life I have never so much as __42__ a hand against another person. 33. A. called B. rode C. fell D. lay 34. A. waiting B. singing C. listening D. watching 35. A. fight B. talk C. shout D. laugh 36. A. brought B. turned C. changed D. forced 37. A. beat B. hit C. touch D. knock 38. A. happiness B. sadness C. puzzle D. smile 39. A. noise B. laughter C. tears D. pieces 40. A. brave B. painful C. shy D. afraid 41. A. dirty B. foolish C. fat D. slow 42. A. held B. gave C. lent D. raised 中考英语阅读理解技巧 根据教育部制定的英语课程标准，初中毕业生应达到五级综合语言运用能力。阅读理解是综合语言运 用能力的一个重要方面，在中考中所占比重越来越大，这是拉开档次的题目。 阅读理解五级目标部分如下： 1.能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义；
2.能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系； 3.能找出文章中的主题，理解故事的情节，预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局； 4.能读懂常见体裁的阅读材料； 5.能根据不同的阅读目的运用简单的阅读策略获取信息； 6.除教材外，课外阅读量应累计达到 15 万词以上。 一、中考英语阅读理解题主要有以下几种类型: 1.主旨题 主旨题所提问题主要涉及文章的中心思想、主要内容、标题、作者的态度、目的、文章的语气等。 我们首先要找出文章的主题句，我们通常可以在以下几个地方找到： (1)位于一段开头的段首句，演绎型文章的主题句通常能在段落的起始部分找到； (2)位于一段结尾的段末句，归纳型文章的主题句通常能在段落的终结部分找到； (3)若既不在段首，也不在段末，我们就应细心地在这段的中心部分去寻找； (4)有的主题句通过某种表达方式或修辞手段委婉、含蓄地提出来，这称为暗示句。这种暗示句通常难 度较大，它可能不是一句完整的话而仅是一个词语，也可能是通过一些具有感情色彩的词语来表达的，还 可能是通过字里行间来表达的。 主旨句的提问形式主要有： (1)The main idea of the passage is… ( 2 ) What' s the main idea of the passage? (3)Which is the best title for the passage? 2.细节题 在做阅读理解题时， 除了首先要抓住文章的主旨和大意外， 还必须弄清楚文中的一些重要细节或事实。 细节题在阅读理解部分占相当大一部分，涉及的内容很广，如时间、地点、人物、数字、原因、结果、文 字结构等。 细节题的提问形式常见的有: (1) According to the passage, when/where/what / who/how/why…? (2) Which of the following statements is TRUE? (3)According to the passage, all of the following are true EXCEPT… 3.指代题 指代题是阅读理解部分常见的一个测试项目，主要用来测试考生对文章中出现的熟悉或不熟悉的词或 词组的意义的理解能力。 当遇到不认识的而又是要测试的生词时，要通过上下文去进行猜测。注意与这个词紧密相连的前后几 个词语的意思，特别是后面有同位语、破折号或括号时，就更容易猜测了，因为同位语、破折号或括号就 是注释。 其次，利用构词法来进行猜测。常用的构词法有派生法，转化法以及合成法。英语中有相当大一部分 单词都是由上述三种构词法变来的，这些词的构成一般都有一定的规律，掌握一些常见的规律，对于猜测 考试中遇到的生词大有帮助。 指代题的提问形式主要有： (1)The underlined sentence “No one can live a completely isolated life” means ___________ in this passage. (2)What does the underlined word “raised” mean in News 2? 4.推理题 推理题是阅读理解部分的一项重要内容。 这类题要求考生脱离字面理解的局限， 透过文章的字里行间， 对作者的话进行推理判断，从而获得对文章的深层理解。
推理题的答案往往在文章的字面上不会出现，必须依据已有信息来进行推理，不能脱离原文去主观臆 断。因此，在做推理题时，必须从原文里找到推断的依据。推理题的提问形式主要有： （1）We can learn from this passage that… （2）We can conclude from the passage that… （3）It can be seen from the passage that… （4）What is the real meaning of the doctors’ words? 二、怎样才能提高初中学生的英语阅读理解能力，轻松应对中考呢? 1.大量阅读是提高阅读理解能力的必由之路 大量阅读可以使学过的语言知识得到复习和巩固，使语言能力得到发展和提高。在阅读量小，接触英 文材料很少的情况下，所学语言知识就理解不深，掌握不好，且边学边忘，学习效率很低。 2.扩大词汇量是提高阅读理解能力的突破口 一个人掌握的词汇量多少与其语言水平的高低有密切关系。D.A Wilkins 说过，“事实上，没有语法不 能传达很多东西，而没有词汇就不能传达任何东西。”在阅读过程中，如遇到生词，要尽量利用构词法知 识和上下文关系，猜测新词的词义。 3.巩固并加深语法知识 初中学生要熟练掌握《大纲》、《课标》中的语法结构表，熟练掌握并运用语法知识。这样不仅有利 于提高我们的听、说、写能力，而且有利于提高我们的阅读理解能力。 4.拓宽知识面，增加背景知识 中考英语阅读理解部分所选的文章，题材广泛，内容丰富，涉及的背景知识包括人物传记、社会、经 济、文化、日常知识、科普知识等。平时要多读这类文章，不断拓宽知识面，丰富背景知识，考试时遇到 类似的文章，就会感到比较容易，有利于成绩的提高。 三、掌握各种阅读技巧 在阅读过程中，我们要养成良好的阅读习惯，掌握并运用各种阅读技巧。 1.略读(Skimming) 略读又称大意阅读，就是快速阅读以获取全文的大意，对全文的总的印象以及作者的观点。略读时， 只需要读一些选择的句子，以了解文章大意，也可以读如斜体词、划线词，文章的标题或副标题、释义等， 无须读每个句子。 2.浏览(Scanning) 浏览是另一种快速阅读方法。我们通常采用浏览的方式以求迅速地查找出某一具体的信息或细节，如 时间、日期、号码、人名、事件等。 3.细读(Intensive reading) 细读又称为研读(Study reading )，其主要目的是把握文章的细节。为了透彻领会文章的主旨，必须弄 清有助于发展或论证中心思想的重要事实或细节。这些事实或细节能使我们更深刻地领会中心思想。它们 可能证明一个论点、表明各种观点之间的某种关系，或者举例以帮助我们更充分地理解文章的主旨。 4.评读(Critical reading) 评读要求我们运用自己的知识、经验、观点对文章的思想内容及写作技巧进行分析和评估。它实际上 也是读者的一种再创造的思维过程。 当然，阅读技巧远不止这几种。我们在做阅读理解题时，应根据命题的要求和意图，有针对性地采取 这种或那种技巧，以达到既准确又迅速的目的。 总之，阅读理解能力在英语学习过程中起着举足轻重的作用。但冰冻三尺，非一日之寒。学生阅读理 解能力的提高，既需要老师科学有效的指导，更要发挥学生的主体作用，掌握阅读的方法与技巧，这样才 能提高阅读理解能力，轻松应对中考。 三．阅读理解
A TYPING This course is for those who want to learn to type,as well as those who want to improve their typing.The course is not common.You are tested in the first class and begin practicing at one of eight different skill levels.This allows you to learn at your own speed.Each program lasts 20 hours.Bring your own paper. Course fee（费用）:$125 Matericls:$25 Two hours each evening for two weeks .New classes begin every two weeks.This course is taught by a number of professional business education teachers who have successfully taught tryping courses before. UNDERSTANDING COMPUTERS This twelve-hour course is for people who do not know very much about computers,but who need to learn about them.You will learn what computers are,what they can and can’t do and how to use them. Course fee:$75 Jan.4,7,11,14,18 Wed.& Sat. 9:00-11:30 a.m. Equipment fee:$10 David is a professor of Computer Science at Beijing University.He has over twenty years of experience in computer field. STOP SMOKING Do you want to stop smoking ?Have you already tried to stop and failed?Now is the time to stop smoking using the latest methods.You can stop smoking ,and this twelve-hour course will help you do it. Course fee:$30 Jan.2.9,16,23 Mon.2:00-5:00 p.m Dr John is a practicing psychologist who has helped hundreds of people stop smoking. 47.If you choose the UNDERSTANDING COMPUTERS course,you will have classes_______. A.from Monday to Sunday B.on Wednesday and Saturday C.on Saturday and Sunday D. from Wednesday to Sunday 48.How long will the STOP SMOKING course last? A.For four weeks. B.For three hours. C.For a week. D. For three weeks. 49.Mr.Black works every morning and evening ,but he wants to take part in one of the three courses.What is suitable for him? A.TYPING B.UNDERSTANDING COMPUTERs C.STOP SMOKING D. COMPUTER SCIENCE B In the early 1990s,the word”Internet”was strange to most people.But today,Internet has become a useful tool for people all over the world.Maybe Internet has been the greatest invention in the field of communication in the history of mankind（人类） Communicating with others on the Internet is much faster.We can chat with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world.We can e-mail our friends and they can read the e-mails within a minute. Giving all kinds of information is probably the biggest advantage of the Internet.We can use search engines to find the information we need.Just type in a keyword or keywords and the search engine will give us a list of suitable websites to look at. We can enjoy a lot on the Internet by downloading games,visiting chat rooms or surfing （浏览） websites.There are some games for free.We can meet new and interesting people in the chat now.We can also listen to music and see films. Now ,there is a lot of service on the Internet such as online banking ,job finding and ticket buying.We can also do shopping and find nearly all kinds of goods.Sometimes we can find something that is quite good but very
cheap. 50.How many main advantages of the Internet are talked about in the passage? A.Three. B.Four. C.Five. D.Six. 51.What fact doesn’t the passage provide? A.We can find almost anything we want to know on the Internet. B.Some games on the Internet are free. C.We can buy most things we need on the Internet. D.Goods on the Internet are more expensive than those in real shops. 52.Which title best gives the main idea of the passage? A.Online Shopping B.Exchanging Information on the Internet C.The Advantages of the Internet D.Surfing the Websites on the Internet C British Humor Is it true that the British laugh at different things from people in other countries? Let’s have a look at what we laugh at in Britain. To the British, the powerful and important are often figures of fun. It’s not just politicians (政治家) who make us laugh quietly，but anyone whose job it is to tell other people what to do and who take themselves too seriously. We giggle at authority(权威), but also, kindly with anyone who is treated unfairly. We know they can’t win, but if they do so sometimes, it’s even funnier. Our clowns are often silly people doing silly things, while in America, they are often clever people doing clever things—and winning. The British laugh when other people might feel very worried. People say that the British are cold and unwilling to show their feelings and this is expressed in our humor. I don’t really think that’s true but I know that we do have a strong sense of irony (反讽). “Not very pleasant”, we say after some terrible experience. Along with this, is our love of understatement (轻描淡写). “It’s a bit windy today” we might say in the middle of a typhoon, or “There’s a slight problem” when something has gone very seriously wrong. A British comedian will often begin by saying “Have you ever noticed…..?” We find humor in ordinary, boring life, especially its negative aspects. As well as this, we find it amusing to tell jokes about things that have gone wrong for us, rather than not mentioning them in case we look stupid. Our funny stories might start with “I’m such an idiot, I did something really stupid yesterday”. Another thing that can make it difficult to understand “British humor” is that we don’t always laugh or even smile when we say something funny. We often “keep a straight face” even when we’re making a joke. So, is the British sense of humour unique? Well, probably not. It is the combination of all these features that make the British laugh and make so many other people ask “Why is that funny?” 53. Which of the following is the British humor? A. The British laugh at themselves. B. The British laugh at things that are rude. C. The British laugh when they meet boring people. D. The British laugh when they think things are funny. 54. The underlined phrase “keep a straight face” means the British_______. A. look confused B. stop laughing C. make a face D. seem expressionless 55. The writer thinks ______. A. the British politicians are funny people
B. the British sometimes laugh when others might cry C. the British like to tell jokes in pleasant situations D. the British humor is easy for other people to understand D For eight weeks last summer, scientists from several universities and government weather laboratories carried out the Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study (STEPS). They set up a center in Goodland, Kansas, home to some of the heaviest thunderstorms 雷暴雨）in the United States. In this area, humid （ air from the Gulf of Mexico meets hot, dry air from the southwest, resulting in storms so huge that they can last for days as they move east across the country. The scientists working in Goodland were trying to learn as much as they could about these disordered storm systems. They already knew that the combination of strong winds, large amounts of moisture(潮湿), and big differences in temperatures could produce thunderheads, known as Super Cells. They also knew that super cells could produce terrible weather, including tornadoes（龙卷风）. What the scientists did not know, however, was why some super cells produce heavy rain, lightning, and tornadoes, while others produce large hail （冰雹） can that destroy a wheat crop or a roof. The scientists supposed that the physical characteristics of storm clouds would give the reason for such differences. To study the storm clouds, the researchers in Goodland met each morning and studied weather data(数据), hoping for bad weather. Their cars, equipped with weather instruments, were ready. Whenever a storm came near, some scientists drove toward the storm front and began collecting data on winds, temperature, air pressure, and humidity. During the storm, they also calculated the time and place of every lightning strike. At the same time that the scientists on the ground were collecting their data, researchers in the air were operating a special radar station that would help them measure（计量） the shape and size of the water drops inside the clouds. These scientists rode in a single-engine plane specifically designed to fly through terrible weather systems. While the pilot guided the plane through heavy wind, lightning, hail, and ice, the scientists on board collected their storm data. Researchers say that it will take years for them to understand all the data they have collected. Their hope is that by comparing the conditions on the ground with the conditions in the air, it may be possible to learn much more about how lightning is produced, why some storms produced baseball-sized hail, and why others produce floods and tornadoes. 56. According to the passage, large, disordered storm systems can be caused _______. A. by tornadoes B. by large hail and ice C. when humid air and hot, dry air meet D. when water drops make clouds grow too large 57. Which of the following actions did the scientists carry out first? A. They collected storm data. B. They waited for bad weather. C. They measured water drops. D. They drove toward the storm front. 58. The research data collected by the scientists in Kansas _____. A. was so great that it will take time to sort out properly B. has provided clear answers to the scientists’ questions C. will lead to other research projects at the STEPS labs D. has explained why some storms produce hail and others do not
59. What’s the passage mainly about? A. How scientists used what they knew about storms in their research. B. How the scientists tried to learn more about serious storm systems. C. How scientists collected different data on land and in the air. D. How scientists chose Goodland Kansas as their research base. C Many heart attacks (心肌梗塞) are not as easy to discover as shown on television. In fact, there are some people who present few or no symptoms (征兆) when they are having a heart attack. However, the common symptoms are chest pain (疼痛), shortness of breath, breaking out in cold sweat (汗). Not getting to the hospital in time may result in death. The symptoms of a heart attack are not as clear in women as they are in men. Women may experience breathlessness, fast heart beating, light-headedness, chest pain, neck and shoulder pain and unusual tiredness. Heart attacks with few or no symptoms seem to be more common in women than men. The early warning symptoms of a heart attack usually last for at least 20 minutes, during which women may experience one or more symptoms. These include: Pain in chest A heart attack usually causes discomfort or pain in the center of the chest, which lasts for more than 20 minutes and is usually with a lot of cold sweat. The pain may come on suddenly, start slowly, develop over minutes, or come and go. Women usually have lighter chest pains and so may not take this symptom seriously. Pain spreading The chest discomfort may spread to the neck and throat, shoulders, the back, arms and even to wrists and hands. Discomfort in the upper body Some people don’t get chest pain-only discomfort in parts of the upper body, including back or neck pain. There may be a feeling of choking (阻塞) in the throat, or the arms may feel heavy. Unusual symptoms There may be shortness of breath or some difficulty breathing, a cold sweat, or a feeling of being light-headed. Lots of tiredness A study of 515 women found that the most common early warning symptom of a heart attack in women is unusual tiredness. See a doctor if you experience one or more of such symptoms. If you think that you are having a heart attack, get help immediately. 53. Women should be more careful with heart attacks because ______. A. they are much weaker than men B. a heart attack is more common in them C. they don’t take care of themselves D. the symptoms are not so clear in them 54. What a heart attack symptom happens most probably in women, according to the passage? A. Pain in the chest. B. Shortness of breath. C. Unusual tiredness. D. Light-headed feeling. 55. Which of the following is not mentioned when a heart attack happens? A. You may have chest pain and cold sweat at the same time. B. A bad headache may come on from time to time first of all. C. Some may have pains in the back first instead of the chest.
D. A chest pain may appear suddenly and become worse slowly. D I traveled to Singapore from my home in Thailand on March 12 last year for a four-week English course. If I was used to the environment, I would like to go to high school there. I got along well with my teachers and classmates. Even though we had known each other only a short time, we formed a good friendship. On April 3, I made plans to meet my friends at East Coast Park, so we could hang out for the last time before I returned to Thailand. That morning, I went to the underground station and found a place just behind the yellow line that stops people from standing too close to the edge of the platform (站台). More people began lining up behind me, and before long I could feel the push of the people at my back. Just as the train came up to the station, the people pushed forward. I lost balance (平衡) and fell off the platform. Before I knew what was happening, the train’s front wheels rolled across my legs. Looking at the platform, I shouted, “Help me! Quickly!” I didn’t cry because I knew that if I started I might not be able to control myself. After I was lifted onto the platform, I was taken directly to the nearest hospital where a doctor told me that they would not be able to save my legs. I accepted what he said. Whatever was going to happen would happen. There’s no point in crying about what’s already lost. I stayed in the hospital for two months and ten days. And then an exciting thing happened. The second daughter of the King of Thailand learned about my accident and had me moved to the Sirindhorn Center back home. She also offered me the chance to finish my education at the Chitralada School in Bangkok. I was so happy because the school is very difficult to get into. It was very kind of her to help out a person like me. At the center, I was fitted with German-made prosthetic legs. Learning to walk again was difficult. Every step needed a lot of training. I often asked why I could still smile after the accident. The fact is that I don’t know why I should be sad. All that I’ve lost are legs, not my life. Everything that happened after the accident was truly surprising. I really believe that I now have a great doctor at the center. I have met others who’ve lost limbs like me. Getting into Chitralada School is beyond belief for me. Meeting new people is great. Getting help from the King’s daughter has been very encouraging. I think my attitude comes from how my parents raised me. This is what my dad said in an interview: “I tell both of my daughters that nothing is certain. We could die tomorrow or in the next five years. Anything could happen, so we always have to be prepared. I think my daughter has done very well in the accident.” 56. What’s the writer’s purpose to go to Singapore? A. To join her family. B. To meet some friends. C. To finish high school. D. To improve her English. 57. What’s the final result of the accident? A. The writer fell off the platform. B. The train ran over the writer. C. The writer lost both of her legs. D. The writer was taken to hospital. 58. What the writer’s father said mainly tells us that ______. A. we can never know the future B. death usually comes suddenly C. the world is full of dangers D. one must be ready for anything 59. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Walk On B. Goodbye My Legs C. Stand Up D. I’m Still Living 四、阅读短文，根据短文内容，从短文后的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项
为多余选项。 Mr Jones went to a restaurant one day. He left his coat near the door. There was nothing in the pockets of the coat when he left it there. But when he took his coat after his meal, he found the pockets full of jewellery （珠宝） ! 60 . There was a waiter near the door, so Mr Jones said to him, “somebody has made a mistake. He has put some jewellery in my coat. Take it, and when he comes back, give it to him.” 61 . Suddenly a young man came in with a coat just like Mr Jones’. “I am sorry,” he said , “I made a mistake. I took your coat and you have got mine. Please give me my coat and jewellery.” Mr Jones answered, “ 62 . He will give it to you.” Mr Jones called the manager of the restaurant, but the manager said, “We have no waiters here. We only have waitresses.” “ 63 !” shouted the young man. A. He felt very surprised B. I gave the jewellery to the waiter[来 C. The waiter took it and went away D. He was quite happy when he found it E. You gave the jewellery to a thief（小偷） 五、阅读短文，根据短文内容回答问题。 Jolanda Maas, a leader of a research a t the Nivel Institute in Utrecht, has reported the result of the study in the magazine BiolMed Central Public Health. It says that people who live closest to green areas in the countryside walk and cycle less often for shorter time than other people. "We found that there was either no relationship or only a small one between green space and physical activity," said Maas. "People with more green space walk and cycle less often in their spare time. " People with 20% of green space walked around 250 minutes each week during their spare time compared to 180 minutes for those with 80% of green space. "This may be because people in the countryside need to use their cars more to get to places such as shops, schools and the doctor's office. " Maas said. Living near green space also makes no difference in whether people met NHR (全民健身标准) to get 30 minutes of exercise daily, according to a survey (调查) of 5,000 people across the Netherlands (荷兰) . "The study shows when you just look at how much green space people have, it is not true people are just more physically active," Maas said. "This study shows you don't really need green space." 64. Is Jolanda Maas the leader of the research? ______________________________________________________________________ 65. Who walk less. people with 20% or 80% of green space? ______________________________________________________________________ 66. How do people in the countryside go to shops, schools and the doctor's? ______________________________________________________________________ 67. How long are people advised to exercise daily? ______________________________________________________________________[来源:学科网 ZXXK] 68. What does the writer really want to tell us? ______________________________________________________________________ 六、完成句子。
69、我怕吵醒爸爸，把电视音量调低了。 ____________________________ waking my father up, so I turned down the TV 70、 医生总想尽可能多的了解病人的情况。 The doctor always wants to __________________ about his patients. 71、 同学们正在为即将到来的运动会做准备。 The students __________________________________ the coming sports meeting. 72、 昨天晚上她一到家，就开始帮助妈妈准备晚饭。 __________________________________________ yesterday evening. 73、我觉得现在不是完全依赖电脑的时候，因此还是有必要把字写好。 _______________________________________________to be good at handwriting. 69. 开会别迟到啊，这对我们来说很重要。 Don’t the meeting. It’s important for us. 70. 那孩子弹钢琴两个小时了，让他喝点儿水吧。 The child has kept playing the piano for two hours. some water. 71. 王老师今天不像平时那么高兴，她怎么了？ Miss Wang as usual today. What’s wrong with her? 72. 上课时，我们既不该听音乐，也不该打电话。 In class, we should talk on the phone. 73. 亨利酷爱读书，每年他都用零花钱买他最喜欢的书。 Henry loves reading every year.
分析类型。纵观近年中考写作题，题材一般是写人、写事、写景，日记，书信，通知，广告，便条等文体。 题型基本是：命题作文，应用文写作，看图写话。 积累素材。 平时注意日常生活观察，关注社会热点，关心周围的人和事。 及时记录。 如果平时能有心及时写下所见所闻，或有写日记的习惯，写作水平会提高更快。 【动笔过程】 细心审题。细读题目中每一项提示，或观察每一幅画，弄清题意，明确中心，确定体裁。特别是对于 我们看来非常熟悉的内容，更要仔细推敲，有自己独特的立意。 根据所给的提示，按照一定的规律，如事件的先后顺序，地点的更换等内在的联系排序，分出层次。 如果是看图说话，注意文在图中，意在图外，抓住每一要点，使表达的内容有条理性。 【理清篇章结构，构成短文的整体框架】 以文章要素起——它是文章的主旨，或提出主题句，列出事情的要点。 对主题开展叙述，讨论收——是对全文的总结和概括。 有了框架，就可以收集积累的材料，用最恰当的短语、句型把你要表达的意思逐句表达出来，多用简 单句和有把握的复合句。 为了使短文有浑然一体的感觉，优秀作文少不了的是恰当采用递进、让步、转折、因果等连词。 【学生最容易忽视的是检查】 时态的前后呼应，人称与动词的变化，单词拼写，标点符号，规定字数等，所有这些都可以通过仔细 检查，避免低级错误出现。 英语短文的提高，需要组词、造句语言基本能力的提高，多读文章，多加思考，就能在中考中写作取 得理想的成绩。
纵观近年各地中考英语写作题，题材一般是写人、写事、写物、写景、日记、书信、通知、便条等文体。 一般来说，不同的写作题材，它的人物，时间，写作的重点也是不尽相同的。下面结合一些常见的题型介 绍一下写作的注意事项以及写作技巧。 1、以图表提供情景的作文要以“读”为主，首先要读懂图表中的数据、时间、编码、序号以及相互 间的变化关系，对所给的信息加以分析、推断、筛选、概括、去粗取精;在写作时目的要明确，要注意内 容的准确性和严肃性，尤其是图表中的数据、时间等不得有误。 2、以图画提供情景的作文应以“看”为主，通过细心观察图中的人物、景物、文字、环境、数字等， 弄清写作的意图，通过分析思考把握逻辑联系，找出主题并借助所给的文字，把图中的信息转化成文章， 但要注意，文章不能停留在图画的浅表，而要表达出提供情景的意图和内涵。 3、以提纲提供情景的作文。这种形式本身的要点已经很明确，重点也很突出，只要把各个提纲加以 发挥，注意遣词造句的灵活性和语法规则的正确性，就不会造成审题不清而偏离主题，但要注意，文章必 须覆盖所提供的各个提纲的要点。 4、以书信格式提供情景的作文。首先要了解书信的格式，英文书信格式与中文有所不同，(1)一般在 信纸的右上角写上写信人的地址和日期，地址应按从小到大的顺序排列;(2)左边顶格写上收信人的姓 名;(3)正文部分;(4)祝愿的话;(5)写信人签名。信的内容一定要按所给的要求写，不要漏写。 各地的评分标准略有差异，但是都包括以下几个方面：整体印象、语言表达、词数规定等几方面内容。 我们在写作中要尽量避免扣分，争取有加分点。当然用英文写作不同于用母语那样得心应手，常常会受到 生词、语法、惯用法的限制，只要同学们平时注意两种语言的异同性，抓住写作要点，也可妙笔生花。 1、为了保证文章层次分明、条理清楚，要把时间固定下来，如：记叙一件事要用过去时;写经常发生 的事或对人物的描写，要用一般现在时。整个文章中的人称要一致，首尾呼应，不要随意改动，以免造成 误解。 2、不要为了追求“一鸣惊人”而去找一些生冷的词汇，对这些一知半解的词你不会用，不知道如何 搭配，结果可能适得其反，使文章显的生硬、不协调，甚至错误百出，所以要使用有把握的词，避免不必 要的失分。比如说发生了一起意外事件，我们通常用“have an accident ”来表示，不要错误的使用“have an incident”。 3、注意不同语言的表达习惯，也是写好英语作文的重要环节，如“我的理想是做一名歌手”，很多 同学写成 “My ambition is to do/make a singer，” “to do”表示“做”或者“干”，“to make” 表示“制作”，而“做一名歌手”则表示“成为一名歌手”应该用“be/become a singer”;又如“看书、 看报”应用“read a book/newspaper”，而不是“see a book/newspaper”。因此，平时应该注意不同 语言的表达习惯，切忌望文生义或一味生搬硬套。 4、有些同学因怕出错而只写短句或简单句，写出的文章过于幼稚、空洞乏味。要使文章有血有肉就 要把平时学的知识用进去，如：定语从句、宾语从句、非谓语动词和比较等句型，关键时用上一、二个， 就能使文章不同凡响，更有文采，特别是对关联词的使用，如“so that”、 “not?but ” “not only...but also” 等，会使你的文章逻辑结构紧密、层次鲜明、条理清楚，更能显示出你的英文功底，但要做到这 些并非一日之功，要靠平时的不断训练和积累。 5、最简单的增分点就是认真的书写。工整漂亮的书写会给评卷老师留下美好的第一印象，在扣分时 自然会“手下留情”，而且很多地区都在写作上有1分的书写分。只要平时多下点功夫，得到这一分并不 难。 最后将中考写作的基本步骤和技巧归纳为以下几个环节： 1、细心审题细读题目中每一项提示或观察所给的每一幅画，明确文章的中心思想，弄清题意，确定 写作体裁，掌握所要表达的要点，，做到心中有数，避免随心所欲，文不对题。 2、理顺要点在所给提示或图上标出要点，然后按事件先后的顺序或各要点之间的内在联系排序，分 出层次。如果是看图作文，则要按图构思，这样做既可避免要点遗漏，又可使表达内容条理清楚。
3、构成框架将理顺的要点或每幅图画的含义加以连贯，构成写作的整体框架，进一步定人称、定时 态语态、定顺序、定段落、定开头结尾。基本框架构成后，写作就有了把握。 4、组织句子用自己最熟悉的短语或句型将理顺的要点逐句表达出来，多用简单句，用有把握的复合 句。要扬长避短，避难就易。若遇到表达障碍，可换一种说法，将一句变成两、三句，只求达意。 5、串句成篇将写好的句子连贯地组织起来，注意上下句的逻辑关系，适当采用递进、让步、转折、 因果等关联词语，使短文浑然一体，层次分明，过渡自然。 6、检查修改文章草成后，默读1～2遍，检查修改，尤其要注意人称、大小写、拼写、习惯用语、格 式有无错误，要点有无遗漏，文句有无语病，词数是否恰当，行文是否连贯。 英语写作水平的提高是一个渐进的过程，只要同学们在平时多加训练，多读文章，做一个有心人，就 能在中考作文中取得理想的成绩。 书面表达评分标准 第一档（13-15） 内容要点 句式词汇 语言表达 的准确性 要点齐全 观点正确 句式多样 词汇丰富 语言准确，语意 连贯，表达清楚 第二档（9-12） 要点齐全 观点正确 语法结构,句式词汇基本满 足要求 语言基本通顺，语意基本连 贯,表达基本清楚。 虽然有少 量语言错误，但不影响整体 理解 第三档（5-8） 要点不齐全， 部分 内容符合题意 句式词汇 单调平乏 错误较多 影响理解 第四档（0-4） 与题目相关 内容不多 简单拼凑 句式词汇 内容难以理解
Tom 去年来到大明所在的学校学习。在学习期间，他对学校提倡的”创建和谐校园”活动感触颇深。他 发现该校的学生学习兴趣广泛，友爱互助，师生之间关系融洽，人与环境和谐相处（如：保持环境卫生， 爱护花草树木，不随地乱扔废弃物等）。请你以 Tom 的名义，给远在美国的父母写一封信，介绍学校的 现状并谈谈你的感受。文中不得出现真实的姓名，校名或地名。词数８０左右。信的开头与结尾已给出， 不记入总词数。 以下词汇仅供参考： build up 建立， 创建 a harmonious campus 和谐校园 impress vt. 给…… 留下印象 Dear Mum and Dad, Time flies! I’ve been here for nearly a year. I’m very pleased to find that our school is really a good one. The students in our school…_________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Tom Dear Mum and Dad, Time flies! I’ve been here for nearly a year. I’m very pleased to find that our school is really a good one. The students in our school work hard at their lessons. They take an active part in activities that help to improve their qualities and health. They are friendly to each other and always ready to help each other. The teachers here all enjoy their work and they love their students. They work hard and do what they can do
to help their students. And the students respect their teachers. They get on well with each other. The students in our school try their best to keep the school yard clean and tidy. They never throw waste about nor pick the flowers. In a word, I am deeply impressed by the harmonious atmosphere in this school. I love my new school. Yours, Tom 假设你叫李飞，是美国中学生杰克的笔友，你收到了他的来信。请给杰克写一封回信，回答他的问题，介 绍你对他在北京的安排或者建议。 Dear Li Fei, I’m lucky to have you as my host family. I will stay in Beijing just for two days. I hope to go to your school and study with you. I’m interested in your courses and after-class activities. I also want to know more about Beijing? Could you please show me around Beijing? Would you mind telling me the two-day life and activities? I’m looking forward to your letter. Yours, Jack
Dear Jack, I’m glad to hear from you. ____________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Dear Jack, I’m glad to hear from you. It’s my honor to be with you and show you around Beijing. Now I will tell you about my plan for your two-day stay here. On the first day, I am going to take you to my school and study with me. In the morning, you can choose 3 classes to listen to. In the afternoon, there will be different kinds of clubs after class. I am sure you will fall in love with my school. On the second day, I plan to have a bus tour to enjoy the sights of Beijing. We will get off at Tian’an Men Squar e, where we can feel the perfect mixture of the past and the present. After walking on the magnificent square, we c an visit the Palace Museum. Here you can see some wonderful buildings and learn about Chinese history better. So, what’s your decision? I just can’t wait to meet you and you’re always welcome！ Yours, Li Fei 假设你是学校的安全宣传员，请利用下面本地学生道路伤害事故原因统计图表，写一篇英文短文，向你 校的外籍学生介绍那些事故的主要原因，提醒他们注意个人交通安全，针对这些主要原因提出几点保障出 行安全的建议,最后，表达你对他们在这里安全、愉快生活和学习的良好祝愿。
Road safety is important for every student, especially for the new comers from other countries or places. ________________________________________________________________________ Road safety is important for every student, especially for the new comers from other countries or places. For the safety of our new friends, I’d like to tell you first about top two causes of the student accidents that happened here last year. Most of them happened just because some students ran the red light, then because they crossed roads carelessly, like not using the crosswalk or listening to music while walking across. Those accidents have taught us a big lesson. So please follow the road safety rules while you’re using the road. For example, do not run the red light anytime. Use a crosswalk to cross a road. Look both ways carefully when you are crossing a road. That’s all for my story and tips. I hope they can be of some help to your safety. At the end, I wish you all a pleasant, safe life here. Version 2 …For the safety of our new friends, I’d like to tell you first about top two causes of the student accidents that happened here last year. Most of them happened first because some students ran the red light, then because they crossed roads carelessly. Those accidents have taught us a big lesson. So please follow the road safety rules while you’re on the road. For example, do not run the red light anytime. Use a crosswalk to cross a road. Look both ways carefully before you go across. All this is good for your road safety. Do remember it anytime. At the end, I wish you all a pleasant, safe life here.
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