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unit3-The Earth grammar


An apple

Three pieces of paper Two bottles

Countable and uncountable nouns 可数名词和不可数名词
Try to find out the rules form these sentences. Pay more attention to the re

d words

Countable nouns
one animal, two animals I have a world map at home. There is an article about the Earth. This plant is beautiful. These animals are dangerous.

Uncountable nouns
some rubbish All plants need light and water.

Air has no smell. Water is important.

Work out the rule
(Countable/Uncountable) nouns can have plurals.

We can use a or an before (countable / uncountable) nouns.
Uncountable nouns only take (singular/plural) verbs.

可数名词

不可数名词:无法用数目计算 没有复数 不能用a/an
(液体)water, tea, milk, orange, ink, rain (食物类)meat, fish, chicken, bread, food, salt, rice, (其他)paper, chalk, glass, wood,snow (抽象)time, work, weather、homework, housework, money, knowledge, news, information...

Divide the words into countable and uncountable [C] nouns. 1.There is grass in a forest. forest 2.Do not throw rubbish into river the river. 3.The air is fresh in the mountain mountains. 4.The flowers are beautiful. flower Let me take a photo. photo 5.We should drink water every day. Here is a glass glass for you.

[U]

grass rubbish air water

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Task 2: complete the sentences with a, an or some a I’d like to ask you______ question. Please give me ______answer. an some I can’t use the blackboard. Please bring me _____chalk. There is _________ some rubbish on the grass. Let’s pick it up. some drink. Please give me I’d like __________ an _______orange juice. a My shoes are very old. I need ________new pair. some We need __________flowers for the party. a You have ________terrible cold. You need some _______medicine. a There is ________small shop near my home. You can some vegetable there. buy _______

Task 3: Classify these countable nouns and uncountable nouns book milk rice bun soup water tea hamburger

Bread money

paper

desk toy

baby season egg coffee

computer

tree meat pork

tooth room

pen beef

chair

1. Countable nouns: ________________________________________________________ Book, hamburger, desk, toy, baby, season, egg, computer, tree, tooth, room, pen, chair _______________________________________________________ 2. Uncountable nouns: ________________________________________________________ Milk, rice, bun, soup, water, tea, bread, money, paper, coffee, pork, beef ________________________________________________________

有些单词既可作可数名词,也可作 不可数名词,但意义不同。例如: orange 橙汁 oranges橙子 fish 鱼 fishes 各种鱼 glass 玻璃 glasses玻璃杯,眼镜 room 空间 rooms 房间 fruit 水果 fruits 各种水果 chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡 paper 纸 papers 报纸 time 时间 times 次数 light 光 lights 灯 food 食物 foods 各种食物

不可数名词没有复数形式,不能用不定冠词和 基数词修饰,但是可以借助量词。其结构形式 是“a + 量词 + of + 名词”,复数形式是“数 词 + 复数量词 + of + 名词”。Of 也可以修饰 可数名词
a glass of water ? 一杯水 ______________ nine bottles of milk ? 九瓶牛奶 ______________ four pairs of shoes ? 四双鞋 _______________ eight pieces of newspapers ? 八张报纸 ______________

bottle

glass

bag

bowl

cup

box

A bowl of rice

Three cups of coffee

A bottle of milk

A bag of apples

A glass of water

Two boxes of eggs

Countable nouns
1. +s book→books 2. 以s, x, ch, sh结尾, class→classes +es city→cities, play→plays 3. 辅+y, 改y为i, +es

4. o+es或o+s (有生命+es;无生命+s)
5. f, fe , 改v+es 6. 不规则 7. 单复数相同

potato→potatoes, tomato→tomatoes, photo→photos life→lives, leaf→leaves man→men tooth—teeth
fish, deer, sheep, Chinese, Japanese

一、将下列的名词变成复数形式。

1. book ___________________ Books

2. duck ___________________ ducks

houses 3. house ___________________
5. class ___________________ 7.watch ___________________

oranges 4. orange ___________________
6. box ___________________ 8.child ___________________

classes

boxes

watches

children

9. city ___________________ cities 11. tomato __________________ tomatoes

10. family ___________________ families 12. photo ___________________ photos

teeth 13. tooth ___________________ knives 15. knife ___________________

men 14. man ___________________ sheep 16. sheep ___________________

1. --Help yourself to ____. c --Thanks. It tastes good. a. some chickens b. a chicken c. some chicken d. any chicken

b were hurt, but no ____ 2. Twelve ____ were lost in that accident. a. person, life b. people, lives
c. peoples, lives d. persons, life

a I wanted. 3. --Thanks for giving me _____ --You are welcome. a. the information b. an information c. the informations d. a information
4. Could you give me _____, c please? a. two piece of paper b. two piece of papers c. two pieces of paper d. two pieces of papers

5. --Would you like some tea?

c --No, thanks. I have drunk two _____. a. bottle of orange b. bottles of oranges c. bottles of orange d. bottle of oranges
6. --What did you buy b yesterday? --I bought two _____. a. watchs b. watches c. watch

7. How many _____ b are there in the world? a. country b. countries c. country’s

c 8. My sister really likes to eat _____.
a. potato b. potatos c. potatoes

b when we were travelling 9. We took _____
in Paris. a. photoes b. photos c. photo

d 10. When autumn comes, _______ of most
trees turn yellow and then fall down. a. leaf a. tooth b. leafs b. teeth c. leaves c. tooth’s 11. We brush our ______ every day. b

12.I’m hungry. Please give me ___. c a. a bread c. a piece of bread 13.The ___ b are going to fly to Beijing. a. German b. Germans c. Germanys b. some breads

14.Sheep ___ b white and milk ___ also white. a. is, are b. are, is c. is, is

For example:
S1: What’s this? S2: It’s a bottle. S1: What’s inside it? S2: Some milk. S1: What are these? S2: They’re boxes. S1: What’s inside them? S2: Some eggs.

Ann: Your soup looks delicious. What kind is it? Ben: it’s vegetable soup. What _________(soup/soups) are you eating? Is it good? Ann: No! It tastes like _______(water/waters)! Ben: Oh dear! I’m always lucky in this restaurant. Ann: Yes, you usually get ____________(a good food/good food)here. Ben: But it’s still not a good restaurant. Look. I have a _________ (teacup/cup of tea)but no ___________(tea/teas), and the tablecloth is just a piece of __________(paper/papers)! Ann: And I ordered(点菜) ____________(a coffee cup/ a cup of coffee), but they didn’t give me any ___________(milk/milks) or _________(sugar/sugars). Ben: waiter!

There is a beautiful world under the water.
There is a lot of pollution on Earth. Is there any water in the glass? 肯定回答: Yes, there is. 否定回答: No, there isn’t. There are different plants and animals on Earth. Are there five apples in the bag? 肯定回答: Yes, there are.

否定回答: No, there aren’t.

Work out the rule there is with a singular noun We use _________
or an uncountable noun.

We use __________ there are with a plural noun.

There be 句型表示人或物的存在
★ 常见的There be 形式如下: ? 肯定式:There is / are … ? 否定式:There is / are not … ? 疑问式:Is / Are there …? ★ There is + 单数可数名词或不可数名词 There are + 复数可数名词

There be 句型中,be动词的单复数遵循 “就近原则” 例如:

There is a glass of water and three apples on the table. There are three apples and a glass of water on the table.

1.There _______ some milk, some eggs and a few A
apples on the table.

A.Is B. are C. has D. have

2. 花园里有一些花和两棵树。
There are some flowers and two trees in the garden. ________________________________________

3. 桌子上有两杯牛奶和一个鸡蛋。
There are two glasses of milk and an egg. ________________________________________

Complete their conversation with there is (not), is there, there are or are there.
is pollution in the sea. What can Jane: There _______

we do to help protect the sea?

Danny:________ There are many things we can do. We
can have a beach clean-up day. You see, there ________ are always many bottles on the beaches. They pollute the sea.

Jane: That’s a good idea! What else can we do? Danny: We can ask people not to eat shark fin
Is there a seafood restaurant soup. ________

near your home?
there isn’t _________ Are there any other Jane: No,_________.

things we can do to help?

Choose the best answer.

1. There ______ some good news in today’s C newspaper. A. were B. are C. is D. was

C 2. There ______ two pictures and a map of
China on the wall.

A. have B. has A. are B. is

C. are C. were

D. is D. was

3. Look, there _____ B a lot of fish in this river.

4. ______ there many sheep on the hill? B A. Is B. Are C. Have D. Has

5. There ______ a book and two apples C
on the desk.

A. has

B. have

C. is

D. are

C 6. There are two big ______ on the table.

And there _______ much water in them.
A. bottles, are B. bottle, is

C. bottles, is

D. bottle, are

Translate the sentences into English.
1.我们学校有2000名学生。
There are 2000 students in our school.

2.冰箱里没有牛奶了。
There isn't any milk in the fridge.

3.这河里有许多垃圾。
There is a lot of rubbish in the river.

4.袋子里有五瓶果汁吗?
Are there five bottles of juice in the bag?

1. There are three piece of paper. ______________________________ 2.There are have three bags of apple. ______________________________ 3.There is a lot of vegetables. ______________________________ 4.Are there has a girl under the tree? ——No, there aren’t. _______________________________ 5. Is there five birds in the sky? ——Yes, there are.

________________________________

( )1. There is 48 classmate in our class. ____________________________________________ is 48 classmate→ are 48 classmates ( ) 2. There are a lot of pollutions on Earth. are ...pollution s →is a lot of ____________________________________________ ( ) 3.pollution Luo drink two bottles of waters every day. ____________________________________________ drink → drinks , two bottles of waters→two bottles of water ( ) 4. She buy two bags of pear. buy→ buys pear → pears ____________________________________________ ( ) 5. There are a cat and two dogs on the playground. are → is ____________________________________________

( )1.there are(a) a pen and(b) two books on(c) the(d) desk.
( )2.there stand(a) a factory(b) by(c) the river(d) ( )3.there(a) is(b) a girl swim(c) in the lake(d) ( )4.there is(a) little(b) coffee in the(c) fridge ,isn't it(d) ? ( )5.--is(a) there a(b) post office near hear?

--Yes, there(c) are(d)
( )6.there(a) should have(b) something wrong(c) with(d) the machine. ( )7.are(a) there(b) any(c) paper on the desk(d) ( )8.there(a) aren't(b) any tigers in the zoo ,is(c) there(d)?
1.a are--is 4.d it-there 7.a are-is 2.a stand-stands 5.d are-is 8.c is-are 3.c swim-swimming 6.b have-be

1. 完成grammar可数名词和there be导学案

2. 做book B p35-36 练习
3. 做双语报11期 4. 做导学案listening 的课前预习部分

Basic the information above. You go to restaurant to order. Two student a group, one is waiter/waitress and the other is customer(顾客). Making a conversation.

FRANKIE’S FAST FOOD

TODAY’S Menu Salad Hamburger Sandwich Chicken legs Chips(薯条) Rice Soup Tea/coffee/cola Orange juice/apple juice

? 12 ? 7 ?6 ?9 ?5 ? 1.5 ?8 ?5.5 ?6.5

A: what can I do for you? This is our menu. B: I want some drink.

A: There are apple juice, orange juice.
B: Are there mango juice? A: Yes, there is. But we only serve after 5:35 p.m.

B: Ok, I want a cup of green tea.
A: En, what else? B: I would like a bowl of rice and chips.

A: Today, we have discount(打折). If you order a bowl of rice and salad, you only
pay 12 Yuan. B: Really? It sounds great. I want salad.

A: I get it. Please wait for minutes.
B: Thanks. A: You are welcome!


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