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2012版高中英语全程复习方略配套课件:Module2(外研版必修5)


Ⅲ. 句式填空
1. so. . . that . . . 如此……以至于…… The drop is so great that (落差如此之大以至于) anyone inside the vehicle is lucky to survive. 2. “with +宾语+宾语补足语”, 在句中作状语 Every morning he climbs up t

o the bend with a large circular board in his hand (手里拿着一个圆形的大木板).

3. be doing. . . when 正在做某事……突然…… He was driving a lorry load of bananas when (他正驾驶着一

辆满载香蕉的卡车, 突然)he came off the road at a bend and
fell three hundred metres down the mountain.

Ⅳ. 教材设题 1. Before he volunteered to direct the traffic, Timoteo ______ lots of jobs. A. had B. has

C. has had

D. had had

【解析】选D。考查时态。由before从句中volunteered为过

去时可知, 主句应用过去完成时。故选D。

2. He realised that he was lucky to be alive himself, and felt that it was his mission in life _______ others.

A. to help
C. to be helped

B. help
D. helping

【解析】选A。在本句中不定式短语to help others作真正主
语,it为形式主语。句意:他意识到活着就是幸运,感觉帮

助别人是他的使命。

3. Now think of some more questions to ask people _______ these jobs. A. apply for C. applying for B. apply to D. applying to

【解析】选C。考查apply用法。apply for “申请”; apply to“适用于; 应用于”; 根据语境排除B、D两项; 分析句子结 构可知, 空白处缺少定语, 即: people applying for these jobs。 故选C。

4. Of course there will be plenty of other new jobs, some of _______ we probably can’t even guess.

A. them
C. which

B. whom
D. these

【解析】选C。考查含介词+关系代词的定语从句。分析前后
两句的结构可知, 本句无表并列关系的and, but, or等词, 因此 本句不是并列句, 故排除表并列关系的A和D; 先行词other new jobs表示物, 故选C。

1. Shopping online can _______ both convenience and choice, but not _______ websites are safe enough for shopping. [2011通州模拟] A. charge; either C. offer; all B. supply; any D. provide; both

【解析】选C。考查动词及代词辨析。句意为: 网上购物能 提供便捷和选择, 但并非在所有的网站购物都是安全的。 charge“索价; 向前冲; 充电; 控告”; supply“供给; 提供”; offer“(主动)提供”; provide“规定; 提供; 准备”。根据第 二个空白可知, 答案应选C。

2. These tax laws which are intended for domestic companies do not _______ to foreign companies.

A. contribute
C. apply

B. lead
D. fit

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。句意为: 这些为国内公司设
置的税法不适用于外国公司。contribute“捐献; 贡献, 出力; 投稿”; lead“引导; 指挥; 致使”; apply“申请; 适用; 请求”; fit“(尺寸、大小)合适”。

3. —It is required that you _______ change the plan. —Oh, no! Why _______ I follow you again? [2011西安模拟] A. must;must C. need;should B. can;need D. should;must

【解析】选D。句意为: —— 根据要求你应该改变计划。 ——不!为什么我又非得听你的?require 后接that从句时, 从句谓语要用should+动词原形。

4. As a _______ boss, he expected total loyalty and dedication from his employees. A. demanding C. demand B. demanded D. having demanded

【解析】选A。demanding为形容词,意为“(指人)苛求 的”。句意为:他是个苛刻的老板, 要求手下的人对他忠心

耿耿, 鞠躬尽瘁。

5. —Oh,poor Peter looks very weak.

—So will you if you _______ from a high fever for three days
on end. [2011焦作模拟] A. learn B. differ C. suffer D. benefit

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。句意:——可怜的皮特看上 去 非 常 虚 弱 。 —— 如 果 你 连 续 发 烧 三 天 你 也 会 这 样 的 。 benefit from“受益于”;learn from. . . “从……中学到”;

differ from“与……不同”;suffer from“遭受……之苦”。

6. In our class, when the bell rang and the teacher closed his book, it was a _______ for everyone to stand up. [2009湖北, 26]

A. signal
C. mark

B. chance
D. measure

【解析】选A。考查名词词义。根据句意可知打铃及老师合
上书本,这是下课的暗示,选项中只能选择signal(信号)。 chance“机会”,mark“分数,痕迹”,measure“方法,措 施”。

7. Over 800 pages of the earliest surviving Christian Bible
have been recovered and made _______ on the Internet. [2011长沙模拟] A. flexible C. conventional B. brilliant D. available

【解析】选D。考查形容词辨析。句意为: 最早幸存下来的
《圣经》有800多页被恢复, 网上可以看到。flexible“灵活的; 柔韧的; 易弯曲的”; brilliant“灿烂的; 杰出的; 有才气的”; conventional“惯例的; 符合习俗的, 传统的”; available“可利 用的; 有效的, 可得的; 空闲的”。结合句意, D项最佳。

1. Remember to _______ a good state of mind even if you
should fail plenty of times. [2011合肥模拟]

A. take up
C. get up

B. brush up
D. keep up

【解析】选D。考查动词短语辨析。句意为:记住:要保持
一种好的心态即使你失败多次。take up占去,从事,拿起; brush up奋起直追(重温生疏了的技术等);get up起床, 起来;keep up保持。结合句意,D项最佳。

2. It’s five years since she began to _______raising flowers,

and she’s got a lot of experience in how to keep them more
attractive. [2008全国卷Ⅰ, 34] A. set out C. take up B. take over D. set up

【解析】选C。句意为:自从她开始从事养花已5年了,她已

得到了很多如何让花更有魅力的经验。set out“出发, 动身, 着
手做”, 作“着手做……” 讲时, 后接不定式, 即set out to do; take over“接管, 接收”; set up“设立, 建立, 创办”; take up“开始从事”。结合句意, C项最佳。

3. His efforts to raise money for his program were ______

because no one showed any intention to take a cent out of
their pockets. [2009湖北, 30] A. in place C. in effect B. in sight D. in vain

【解析】选D。句意为: 他为这个项目筹集资金的努力付诸
东流了, 因为没有一个人愿意从腰包里掏出一分钱。in place “在适当的位置, 适当”; in sight “看得见, 被看到”; in effect “事实上, 实际上”; in vain “徒劳”。结合句意, D项最佳。

4. We tried to find a table for seven,but they were all
_______ . [2009安徽,33] A. given away C. taken up B. kept away D. used up

【解析】选C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:我们想找到一个 七人餐桌,但它们都被占用了。give away泄露,捐赠;keep

away控制在外;take up占据;use up用光, 用尽。由句意C
正确。

5. 用所给词语完成句子 1)她认为他必然会接收的。(take. . . for granted) She took it for granted that he would receive it. 2)发言人对那个记者的问题未做出回答。(respond to) The spokesman didn’t respond to the question that reporter asked.

3)举办世博会对上海的发展有重要影响。(have an effect on )

Holding the Expo has an important effect on the development
of Shanghai. 4)那个警察每天在十字路口站好位置, 指挥交通。(take up) The policeman takes up his place at the crossing and directs the traffic every day.

She had just finished her homework _______ her mother

asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday.
[2009福建, 33]

A. when
C. after

B. while
D. since

【解析】选A。考查固定句式。had just done. . . when. . . 为
固定句式, 意为“刚做完某事就……”。句意为: 昨天她刚做 完作业, 妈妈就让她练钢琴。

Ⅰ. 用所给单词的正确形式完成句子

1. The driver was punished for not respecting (respect) the
traffic rules. 2. Why do you consider yourself qualified (qualify) for this

job?
3. During the weekend we got together and had a satisfying (satisfy) meal in that restaurant. 4. If you offer your help, I will be grateful (grate). 5. This is a project that requires (require) a great deal of time

and money.

6. I asked if anyone would help me, but no one volunteered
(volunteer). 7. Having suffered (suffer)such a heavy loss, the businessman

didn’t have the courage to live on.
8. The price of vegetables has doubled (double) because of bad weather in recent months. 9. You would pass your exams if you applied (apply) yourself to your studies.

10. I didn’t respond (response) to her question, for it was too
simple.

Ⅱ. 选词填空 take. . . for granted, have a profound effect on, in practice, take up, in response to, in particular, take notice of,

apply for, suffer from
1. Is there anything in particular you’d like for dinner? 2. I won’t take up any more of your time. 3. When people are healthy, they take health for granted and don’t take notice of their body.

4. She opened the door in response to the knock at the door.
5. The housing price has a profound effect on people’s everyday life.

6. We should know not only the theory but also how to apply
it in practice . 7. I am writing to apply for the job advertised in the newspaper yesterday. 8. People in the north often have to suffer from sandstorms.

Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. Unfortunately, when I got to her flat, she _______, so we had only time for a few words. A. was just leaving B. just left

C. had just left

D. has just left

【解析】选A。考查动词时态。句意为: 很不幸, 当我到她的 公寓时, 她正要离开, 所以我们只说了几句话。leave, come,

go, fly等动词的进行时表示将要发生的动作, 由so 后面的时态
为过去时可知, 正确答案应为A。

2. He had just sent an e-mail to his pal on the Internet ______ the system broke down. A. while C. after B. when D. since

【解析】选B。句意为: 他刚给网友发了封电子邮件, 这时电 脑系统瘫痪了。had just done. . . when. . . 刚做完某事, 这 时……,为固定句式。

3. Students should _______ what they learn in class to practice.

[2011哈尔滨模拟]
A. memorize C. adjust B. adapt D. apply

【解析】选D。考查动词辨析。句意为: 学生应该把在课堂 上所学的知 识运用到实 践中 。apply. . . to “把……应用 于……”; adapt. . . to. . . “使……适应……”; adjust. . . to. . . “使……(调整后)适应”; memorize“记忆”。结合句意, D项 最佳。

4. They have demanded that all the facts _______ known to

the public.
A. make C. are made B. be made D. should make

【解析】选B。考查demand 用法。句意为: 他们要求所有的
事实应该公布于众。demand后接从句时, 从句谓语动词应用 (should)+动词原形, 由此可排除C; 又因facts与make之间 为被动关系, 故选B。

5. He likes helping others, _______ those who are in trouble.

A. in theory
C. in favor

B. in particular
D. in practice

【解析】选B。考查介词短语。句意为: 他喜欢帮助他人, 特 别是那些在困境中的人。结合句意, B项最佳。

6. The increase of the number of the students makes the
limited computers not _______ to each student. A. available C. acceptable B. helpful D. affordable

【解析】选A。考查形容词辨析。句意为: 学生人数的增加

使得有限的电脑无法提供给每个学生。available “可得到的,
可获得的; 可达到的”,符合句意。

7. Don’t take _______ for granted that he will agree with you on the subject. A. what C. which B. it D. that

【解析】选B。句意为: 不要想当然地以为他会就这个话题同 意你的观点。take. . . for granted “认为……理所当然”。it 在此句中作形式宾语, 真正的宾语是that从句。

8. Use your head. Nothing taught by others can _______ the
same effect ________ you as that learned by yourself. A. have; on C. make; in B. give; to D. take; to

【解析】选A。考查固定短语have an effect on 对……有影响。 句意为: 动动脑筋。别人教给你的任何东西都无法取得与你 自学相同的效果。

9. —Hi, Johnson, any ideas where Susan is?

—It’s class time, so she _______ in the classroom now.
[2011合肥模拟] A. can be B. must have been

C. might have been

D. should be

【解析】选D。考查情态动词表推测用法。由答句可知是对 现在情况的推测, 故排除B、C两项; can 一般不用于陈述句, 故选D。

【方法技巧】 情态动词五推测,肯定否定有强弱

表推测时, 英语中一般使用must, may, might, may not和can’t。
must: 一定(语气肯定) may: 也许(不很肯定) might: 或许(比may语气更弱) may not: 也许不(表否定) can’t: 一定不(must的反义, 用于否定句)

1)推测现在的事情用 must, may, might, may not和can’t+

do/be
She must be at home now. The boy may play now.

2)推测过去的事情用must, may, might, may not和can’t+ have
done She might have been ill yesterday. He must have held the party. 注意: 表推测的must, may, might, may not和can’t不可以与I

think. . . 连用。因为I think. . . 已有推测的含义, 故不能连用。

【举一反三】

—My sister is very upset today.
—It’s your fault. You _______ the bad news to her yesterday. [2011南昌模拟]

A. should tell
C. shouldn’t have told

B. should have told
D. must tell

【解析】选C。考查情态动词表推测。句意为:——我姐姐 今天看上去心绪烦乱。——都是你的错。你昨天不该告诉她 那个坏消息。由答句时态可知动作发生在过去,因此排除表 现在推测的A、D两项;结合句意,C项符合句意。排除B项。

10. ________ all my homework unfinished, I am not allowed
to go online to play games. [2011福州模拟]

A. To
C. With

B. For
D. Without

【解析】选C。考查with 复合结构。句意为: 我所有的功课 还没做完, 所以不允许上网打游戏。本句是with +宾语+v. -ed 形式。

11. Nowadays, many people walk to work ________ Copenhagen Conference calling for living a low-carbon

lifestyle to cope with global warming.
A. in relation to C. in addition to B. in response to D. in opposition to

【解析】选B。考查介词短语。句意为: 为了响应哥本哈根会 议号召过低碳生活以应对全球变暖, 现在很多人步行去上班。 in response to “ 响 应 , 对 …… 有 反 应 ” , 符 合 句 意 。 in relation to “有关, 与……有联系”; in addition to “此外”; in opposition to “反对, 与……相反”。均不符合题意。

12. In this country it is required that anyone who wants to

settle here _______ to pass this kind of test.
[2011海口模拟] A. has C. have B. had D. will have

【解析】选C。句意为: 这个国家规定: 任何想定居在此处的 人必须通过这类考试。require“要求”, 后面接从句时, 从句 谓语动词要用(should)+动词原形, 根据该用法, 选C。

13. My deskmate _______ the shopkeeper 90 yuan for the second-hand bike. A. charged C. sold B. asked D. offered

【解析】选D。考查动词辨析。句意为: 我同桌给商店老板 出价90元买那辆二手自行车。offer sb. money for sth. “给某 人出价买某物”。charge “索价”, 不合句意。

14. So far no notice has been _______ the problem with the

pollution in that small village.
A. paid to C. taken of B. kept on D. made up

【解析】选C。句意为: 迄今为止, 那个小村庄的污染问题还
未受到关注。take notice of“注意到”, 符合句意。notice 提 前作主语, 故该短语只剩下take of。A项 pay attention to “注 意”, 为固定短语。

15. I don’t want to play the piano. For one thing, playing the
piano _______ much time; for another, the piano _______ much room. A. takes on; takes up C. takes up; takes on B. takes up; takes up D. takes on; takes on

【解析】选B。考查动词短语。take up “占据, 占去”。take
on “呈现,雇用”。结合句意, B项最佳。

Ⅳ. 完形填空
I was successful at my job. I worked very hard, but it 1 me and my family a fabulous (极好的) lifestyle. I’d worked for the same company for twenty years and had

worked my way up to department director.
2 to the office, and it was could think was, “I’ve 6 I was of no value. , one afternoon last May, I was called 3 explained to me that they were

letting me go. I just sat there
5

4

they talked on and all I

. ” I’d been so well respected;

For six weeks, I was in a very

7

place. I wandered
8 things

around my house like a zombie (僵尸). I could

needed doing, but would not do anything. My beliefs in looking forward and seeing the positive ( 积 极 的 ) in everything 9 me.

Then, in late June, my youngest son’s football team made
the city cup final. The year before, he’d been very sad when I 10 the same final, so he was 11 when I told him I’d go.

Not only did they win, but the look on his face as he saw me 12 him on was unbelievable. From then on, I spent the

summer enjoying my sons and their passions ( 激 情 ). I
attended match after match and performances of my elder son’s band—I 13 went to another city to watch him play.

These moments were so
devoted to 15

14

. My life had been so much
16 that my sons

for so long, and I felt

were happy to welcome me into their world.

17

, being unemployed gave me back a sense of 18 19

purpose —I was someone’s mum! I felt a sense of being again. Now I feel more positive about my professional

and I’m getting on better with my family than I ever have. Losing my job made me realize just how real balance in life. 【文章大意】失去工作曾让一度倍受他人尊敬的作者失去了 20 it is to achieve

方向,但孩子们热切地渴望作者加入他们的生活使作者意识
到保持工作与生活的平衡是多么重要。

1. A. promised C. showed

B. afforded D. left

【解析】选B。考查对文章的理解和动词词义的辨析。 afford “提供, 给予”。其他三项均不符合题意。

2. A. Therefore
C. Otherwise

B. Anyhow
D. However

【解析】选D。考查连接副词词义的辨析。表转折, 只能用

however; otherwise “ 否 则 , 要 不 然 , 在 另 外 的 情 况 下 ” ;
therefore “因此, 所以”;anyhow “无论如何, 不管怎样”。

3. A. quickly C. partly

B. gently D. easily

【解析】选B。考查副词辨析。根据句意可知用gently“委婉 地,和缓地”。

4. A. until
C. as

B. after
D. so

【解析】选C。考查连词辨析。根据上下文可得出正确答案。

as 引导时间状语从句, 作“当……的时候”解, 有“随着……”
之意, 与while意义相近, 强调两个动作同时发生。

5. A. failed C. tried

B. finished D. changed

【解析】选A。考查动词辨析。上文提到让自己离开公司,

所以此处应是“失败”。
6. A. suddenly C. immediately B. finally D. shortly

【解析】选A。suddenly “突然”, 侧重事先未料到, 无准备而 迅速发生的。

7. A. secret C. lonely

B. quiet D. dark

【解析】选D。本题考查形容词辨析。联系上下文, 很容易得

出答案。
8. A. see C. suggest B. get D. understand

【解析】选A。本题考查动词辨析。see在此是及物动词, 表
示“明白、知道自己要做什么”; understand则是“了解, 理 解, 领会”之意。

9. A. defended
C. deserted

B. directed
D. disturbed

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。desert 意为“放弃, 遗弃”;

disturb则是“妨碍, 打扰(工作、睡眠), 扰乱”之意。
10. A. watched C. lost B. missed D. won

【解析】选B。考查动词辨析。联系前后意思, 可知前一年小 儿子由于我错过观看他的决赛而难过。miss 有“错过”之意。

11. A. disappointed C. honoured

B. worried D. delighted

【解析】选D。结合前句, 应选D。delighted “高兴的”。 12. A. cheering C. leading B. taking D. passing

【解析】选A。考查动词辨析。cheer sb. on “为某人加油/欢 呼”, 为固定短语。

13. A. just
C. still

B. even
D. almost

【解析】选B。考查副词辨析。联系上下文可知, 这儿应是

“甚至”还去别的城市看他比赛。
14. A. hopeful C. difficult B. meaningful D. strange

【解析】选B。考查形容词辨析。这些时刻是很“有意义 的”。

15. A. work

B. family

C. matches

D. performances

【解析】选A。本题考查名词辨析。全身心地致力于这项工 作。 16. A. successful C. thankful B. thoughtful D. peaceful

【解析】选C。考查形容词辨析。儿子欢迎作者加入他们的 世界让她感到很欣慰。thankful在这里意思是“欣慰的 ”。

17. A. Naturally
C. Disagreeably

B. Doubtfully
D. Unexpectedly

【解析】选D。考查副词辨析。作者没有想到失业会让她有 了另一种活着的目的——她是孩子们的妈妈!unexpectedly 意想不到地, 出乎意料地。

18. A. employed
C. valued

B. comforted
D. encouraged

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。作者在讲述自己的感受, 感到

自身有一种“价值感”。value此处用作动词, 意为“受到重
视”。

19. A. education C. relationship

B. experience D. future

【解析】选D。考查名词辨析。作者对自己的职业未来更有 信心了, 也与家人之间的关系相处得更融洽了。future“未来,

将来”。
20. A. important C. simple B. interesting D. surprising

【解析】选A。考查形容词辨析。由全文可知, 失去工作让作
者意识到保持工作与生活的平衡是多么重要。

Ⅴ. 阅读理解 The China Daily newspaper group is looking for Englishlanguage senior business editors, senior copy editors, copy editors and graphic(绘图的) designers to strengthen its international team. We offer a competitive salary package, free accommodation with utilities paid for, 90 percent

medical reimbursement(补偿),

a seven-day paid leave,

eleven-day public holidays and a return ticket to the country of residence.

Senior Business Editor You must:

assist the business editor in setting goals and working on
achieving them; be an excellent team person who can generate ideas and

think creatively and be able to rewrite totally if needed and
mentor(辅导) junior staff; ideally have been working or have worked in a position of

responsibility and understand what leadership entails(必
需); have had at least five years’ editing experience working on

editing the Business Desk and be familiar with industry
software.

Senior Copy Editor
You must: work on shifts in the Business Desk and usually have the

last word before the page is sent to print;
edit or rewrite copy and give snappy ( 活 泼 的 ) headlines and captions(标题); have had at least two years’ editing experience working on editing desks and be familiar with industry software.

Copy Editor You must:

be good at editing or rewriting copy and writing snappy
headlines and captions; be able to work on shifts for different pages, and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print; have two years of editing experience working on copy desks, and be familiar with industry software.

Graphic Designer

You must:
have excellent skills in information graphics; be good at illustrations and freehand drawings;

be experienced in newspaper or magazine layouts(布局,
设计); have a good sense of typography(排版); have good news judgment;

be well-versed with Macintosh software,
InDesign, Illustrator and Photoshop; be fluent in English. For enquiries ( 问 询 ) or to apply, chinadaily. com. cn

including

write to job @

【文章大意】本文是一篇招聘广告,文中列出了招聘方提出
的优惠条件、所需职位及各职位所需条件。

1. What is the purpose of this passage?
A. To describe the positions of the China Daily newspaper group. B. To describe the working conditions of the China Daily newspaper group.

C. To advertise for recruiting some good employees.
D. To tell you how to become part of this group. 【解析】选C。写作意图题。由文章第一段第一句《中国日

报》正在招聘工作人员可知本文是一篇招聘广告。

2. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The employees have to pay for their own food and lodging.
B. The workers there can enjoy a seven-day leave without pay. C. The senior business editor’s only job is to help the business editor to set goals. D. The employees have the right to enjoy eleven-day public

holidays.

【解析】选D。细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的信息“我 们提供免费食宿”,“7天带薪假期”可排除A、B两项;由

招聘高级商务编辑的条件中可知此工作不仅仅帮助商务编辑
确定目标,还有其他职责。因此排除C项。

3. How many positions need editing experience? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4.

【解析】选C。细节理解题。从所招聘的4个职位中,我们可

看出前3个职位都要求具有编辑经验。

4. What is NOT required about Graphic Designer? A. Be well-versed with Photoshop. B. Have excellent skills in information graphics. C. Have a good sense of typography. D. Writing snappy headlines and captions. 【解析】选D。推理判断题。从所招聘的最后一个职位要求 的条件中,可判断出D项不是所要求的必备条件。

Ⅰ.语音知识

1.offer
A. London B. prove C. lock D. lonely

2.circular
A. electricity B. medicine C. across D. clinic

3.pathologist
A. southern B. weather C. thus D. theory

4.volunteer A. ocean 5.youngster A. uncle B. skin C. encourage D. strange B. tomb C. across D. alone

答案:1~5.CBDCA

Ⅱ.用所给单词的正确形式完成句子

1.The driver was punished for not respecting (respect) the
traffic rules.

2.Why do you consider yourself qualified (qualify) for this job?
3.During the weekend we got together and had a satisfying

(satisfy) meal in that restaurant.
4.If you offer your help, I will be grateful (grate).

5.This is a project that requires (require) a great deal of time

and money.
6.I asked if anyone would help me, but no one volunteered

(volunteer).
7.Having suffered (suffer) such a heavy loss, the businessman didn’t have the courage to live on. 8.The price of vegetables has doubled (double) because of bad weather in recent months.

9.You would pass your exams if you applied (apply) yourself

to your studies.
10.I didn’t respond (response) to her question, for it was too simple.

Ⅲ.选词填空 take... for granted, have a profound effect on, in practice,

take up, in response to, in particular, take notice of, apply
for, suffer from 1.Is there anything in particular you’d like for dinner? 2.I won’t take up any more of your time. 3.When people are healthy, they take health for granted and don’t take notice of their body.

4.She opened the door in response to the knock at the door. 5.The housing price has a profound effect on people’s everyday life.

6.We should know not only the theory but also how to apply it
in practice.

7.I am writing to apply for the job advertised in the
newspaper yesterday. 8.People in the north often have to suffer from sandstorms.

Ⅳ.语法和词汇知识 1.Unfortunately, when I got to her flat, she______, so we had only time for a few words.

A. was just leaving
C. had just left

B. just left
D. has just left

【解析】选A。考查动词时态。句意为: 很不幸, 当我到她的
公寓时, 她正要离开, 所以我们只说了几句话。leave, come, go, fly等动词的进行时表示将要发生的动作, 由so 后面的时 态为过去时可知, 正确答案应为A。

2.He had just sent an e-mail to his pal on the Internet______
the system broke down. A. while C. after B. when D. since

【解析】选B。句意为: 他刚给网友发了封电子邮件, 这时电 脑系统瘫痪了。had just done...when...刚做完某事, 这时……, 为固定句式。

3.Students should _______what they learn in class to practice. A. memorize C. adjust B. adapt D. apply

【解析】选D。考查动词辨析。句意为: 学生应该把在课堂 上所学的知识运用到实践中。apply...to “把……应用于……”; adapt...to...“使……适应……”; adjust...to...“使……(调整后)

适应”; memorize“记忆”。结合句意, D项最佳。

4.They have demanded that all the facts _______ known to the public. A. make C. are made B. be made D. should make

【解析】选B。考查demand 用法。句意为: 他们要求所有的 事实应该公布于众。demand后接从句时, 从句谓语动词应用

(should)+动词原形, 由此可排除C; 又因facts与make之间
为被动关系, 故选B。

5.He likes helping others, _______ those who are in trouble.

A. in theory
C. in favor

B .in particular
D. in practice

【解析】选B。考查介词短语。句意为: 他喜欢帮助他人, 特
别是那些在困境中的人。结合句意, B项最佳。

6.The increase of the number of the students makes the limited computers not _______ to each student.

A. available
C. acceptable

B .helpful
D. affordable

【解析】选A。考查形容词辨析。句意为: 学生人数的增加
使得有限的电脑无法提供给每个学生。available “可得到的,

可获得的; 可达到的”,符合句意。

7.Don’t take ________ for granted that he will agree with you

on the subject.
A. what C. which B. it D. that

【解析】选B。句意为: 不要想当然地以为他会就这个话题同 意你的观点。take...for granted “认为……理所当然”。it在 此句中作形式宾语, 真正的宾语是that从句。

8.Use your head. Nothing taught by others can _______ the

same effect ________ you as that learned by yourself.
A. have; on C. make; in B. give; to D. take; to

【解析】选A。考查固定短语have an effect on 对……有影响。 句意为: 动动脑筋。别人教给你的任何东西都无法取得与你 自学相同的效果。

9.—Hi, Johnson, any ideas where Susan is?

—It’s class time, so she ______ in the classroom now.
A. can be B. must have been

C. might have been

D. should be

【解析】选D。考查情态动词表推测用法。由答句可知是对

现在情况的推测, 故排除B、C两项; can 一般不用于陈述句,
故选D。

【方法技巧】情态动词五推测,肯定否定有强弱

表推测时, 英语中一般使用must, may, might, may not和
can’t。 must: 一定(语气肯定) may: 也许(不很肯定) might: 或许(比may语气更弱) may not: 也许不(表否定) can’t: 一定不(must的反义, 用于否定句)

1)推测现在的事情用must, may, might, may not和can’t+ do/be

She must be at home now.
The boy may play now. 2)推测过去的事情用must, may, might, may not和can’t+ have done She might have been ill yesterday. He must have held the party. 注意: 表推测的must, may, might, may not和can’t不可以与I

think...连用。因为I think...已有推测的含义, 故不能连用。

【举一反三】
—My sister is very upset today. —It’s your fault. You _______ the bad news to her yesterday. [2011南昌模拟] A. should tell C. shouldn’t have told B. should have told D. must tell

【解析】选C。考查情态动词表推测。句意为:——我姐姐 今天看上去心绪烦乱。——都是你的错。你昨天不该告诉她 那个坏消息。由答句时态可知动作发生在过去,因此排除表 现在推测的A、D两项;结合句意,C项符合句意。排除B项。

10. _______ all my homework unfinished, I am not allowed to go online to play games. A. To B. For

C. With

D. Without

【解析】选C。考查with 复合结构。句意为: 我所有的功课

还没做完,
v.-ed形式。

所以不允许上网打游戏。本句是with +宾语+

11.Nowadays,

many people walk to work _________

Copenhagen Conference calling for living a low-carbon

lifestyle to cope with global warming.
[2011无锡模拟]

A. in relation to
C. in addition to

B. in response to
D. in opposition to

【解析】选B。考查介词短语。句意为: 为了响应哥本哈根会 议号召过低碳生活以应对全球变暖, in response to “响应, 现在很多人步行去上班。

对……有 反应 ”, 符 合句 意 。in

relation to “有关, 与……有联系”; in addition to “此外”; in opposition to “反对, 与……相反”。均不符合题意。

12.In this country it is required that anyone who wants to settle here _______ to pass this kind of test.

[2011渭南模拟]
A. has B. had

C. have

D. will have

【解析】选C。句意为: 这个国家规定: 任何想定居在此处的

人必须通过这类考试。require“要求”, 后面接从句时, 从句
谓语动词要用(should)+动词原形, 根据该用法, 选C。

13.My deskmate______
second-hand bike. A. charged C. sold

the shopkeeper 90 yuan for the

B. asked D. offered

【解析】选D。考查动词辨析。句意为: 我同桌给商店老板 出价90元买那辆二手自行车。offer sb.money for sth.“给某人 出价买某物”。charge “索价”, 不合句意。

14.So far no notice has been _______ the problem with the

pollution in that small village.
A. paid to C. taken of B. kept on D. made up

【解析】选C。句意为: 迄今为止, 那个小村庄的污染问题还 未受到关注。take notice of“注意到”, 符合句意。notice 提 前作主语, 故该短语只剩下take of。A项 pay attention to “注 意”, 为固定短语。

15.I don’t want to play the piano. For one thing, playing the piano______ much time; for another, the piano ______ much

room.
A. takes on; takes up

B. takes up; takes up
C. takes up; takes on

D. takes on; takes on
【解析】选B。考查动词短语。take up “占据, 占去”。take

on “呈现,雇用”。结合句意, B项最佳。

Ⅴ.完形填空
I was successful at my job. I worked

very hard, but it

1

me and my family

a fabulous (极好的) lifestyle. I’d

worked for the same company for
twenty years and had worked my way

up to department director.

2

,

one afternoon last May, I was called to the office, and it was 3 explained to me that they were letting me go. I just sat

there
5

4

they talked on and all I could think was, “I’ve
6 7 I was of no value. place. I wandered 8 things

.” I’d been so well respected; For six weeks, I was in a very

around my house like a zombie (僵尸).I could needed doing,

but would not do anything. My beliefs in

looking forward and seeing the positive ( 积 极 的 ) in
everything 9 me.

Then, in late June, my youngest son’s football team made

the city cup final. The year before, he’d been very sad when I
10 the same final, so he was 11 when I told him I’d go.

Not only did they win, but the look on his face as he saw me 12 him on was unbelievable. From then on, I spent the

summer enjoying my sons and their passions ( 激 情 ).I

attended match after match and performances of my elder
son’s band—I 13 went to another city to watch him

play. These moments were so 14 devoted to 15

.My life had been so much 16 that my sons

for so long, and I felt

were happy to welcome me into their world. 17 , being unemployed gave me back a sense of

purpose —I was someone’s mum! I felt a sense of being
18 19 again. Now I feel more positive about my professional and I’m getting on better with my family than I ever 20 it is to

have. Losing my job made me realize just how achieve real balance in life.

【文章大意】失去工作曾让一度倍受他人尊敬的作者失去了 方向,但孩子们热切地渴望作者加入他们的生活使作者意识 到保持工作与生活的平衡是多么重要。

1.A. promised

B. afforded

C. showed

D. left

【解析】选B。考查对文章的理解和动词词义的辨析。 afford “提供, 给予”。其他三项均不符合题意。 2.A. Therefore C. Otherwise B. Anyhow D. However 只能用

【解析】选D。考查连接副词词义的辨析。表转折, however; otherwise “否则, 要不然,

在另外的情况下”;

therefore “因此, 所以”;anyhow “无论如何, 不管怎样”。

3.A. quickly

B. gently

C. partly

D. easily

【解析】选B。考查副词辨析。根据句意可知用gently“委婉

地,和缓地”。
4.A. until B. after C. as D. so

【解析】选C。考查连词辨析。根据上下文可得出正确答案。 as 引导时间状语从句, 作“当……的时候”解, 有“随

着……”之意, 与while意义相近, 强调两个动作同时发生。

5.A.failed

B. finished

C. tried

D. changed

【解析】选A。考查动词辨析。上文提到让自己离开公司, 所以此处应是“失败”。 6.A.suddenly B. finally

C. immediately

D. shortly

【解析】选A。suddenly “突然”, 侧重事先未料到, 无准备

而迅速发生的。

7.A.secret

B. quiet

C. lonely

D. dark
很容易

【解析】选D。本题考查形容词辨析。联系上下文, 得出答案。 8.A.see C. suggest B. get D. understand

【解析】选A。本题考查动词辨析。see在此是及物动词,



示“明白、知道自己要做什么”; understand则是“了解, 理

解, 领会”之意。

9.A.defended C. deserted

B. directed D. disturbed

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。desert 意为“放弃, 遗弃”; disturb则是“妨碍, 打扰(工作、睡眠), 扰乱”之意。 10.A.watched B. missed C. lost D. won

【解析】选B。考查动词辨析。联系前后意思,

可知前一年

小儿子由于我错过观看他的决赛而难过。miss 有“错过”之

意。

11.A.disappointed

B. worried

C. honoured

D. delighted

【解析】选D。结合前句, 应选D。delighted “高兴的”。

12.A.cheering

B. taking

C. leading

D. passing

【解析】选A。考查动词辨析。cheer sb. on “为某人加油/欢

呼”, 为固定短语。
13. A. just B. even C. still D. almost 这儿应是

【解析】选B。考查副词辨析。联系上下文可知, “甚至”还去别的城市看他比赛。

14.A.hopeful C. difficult

B. meaningful D. strange

【解析】选B。考查形容词辨析。这些时刻是很“有意义 的”。 15.A.work C. matches B. family D. performances

【解析】选A。本题考查名词辨析。全身心地致力于这项工 作。

16.A.successful
C. thankful

B. thoughtful
D. peaceful

【解析】选C。考查形容词辨析。儿子欢迎作者加入他们的 世界让她感到很欣慰。thankful在这里意思是“欣慰的 ”。 17.A.Naturally C. Disagreeably B. Doubtfully D. Unexpectedly

【解析】选D。考查副词辨析。作者没有想到失业会让她有 了另一种活着的目的——她是孩子们的妈妈!unexpectedly 意想不到地, 出乎意料地。

18.A.employed C. valued

B. comforted D. encouraged 感

【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。作者在讲述自己的感受,

到自身有一种“价值感”。value此处用作动词, 意为“受到 重视”。

19.A.education C. relationship

B. experience D. future

【解析】选D。考查名词辨析。作者对自己的职业未来更有 信心了, 也与家人之间的关系相处得更融洽了。future“未来,

将来”。

20.A.important C. simple

B. interesting D. surprising 失去工作让

【解析】选A。考查形容词辨析。由全文可知, 作者意识到保持工作与生活的平衡是多么重要。

Ⅵ.阅读理解
The China Daily newspaper group is looking for English-language senior business editors, senior copy editors, copy editors and graphic(绘图的) designers to strengthen its international team. We offer a competitive salary package,

free accommodation with utilities paid for,
medical reimbursement(补偿),

90 percent

a seven-day paid leave,

eleven-day public holidays and a return ticket to the country

of residence.

Senior Business Editor You must: assist the business editor in setting goals and working on achieving them;

be an excellent team person who can generate ideas and
think creatively and be able to rewrite totally if needed and mentor(辅导) junior staff;

ideally have been working or have worked in a position of
responsibility and understand what leadership entails(必 需);

have had at least five years’ editing experience working on editing the Business Desk and be familiar with industry

software.
Senior Copy Editor

You must:
work on shifts in the Business Desk and usually have the

last word before the page is sent to print;
edit or rewrite copy and give snappy ( 活 泼 的 ) headlines and captions(标题);

have had at least two years’ editing experience working on

editing desks and be familiar with industry software.
Copy Editor You must: be good at editing or rewriting copy and writing snappy headlines and captions; be able to work on shifts for different pages, and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print;

have two years of editing experience working on copy desks, and be familiar with industry software.

Graphic Designer
You must:

have excellent skills in information graphics;
be good at illustrations and freehand drawings;

be experienced in newspaper or magazine layouts(布局,
设计); have a good sense of typography(排版);

have good news judgment; be well-versed with Macintosh software, InDesign, Illustrator and Photoshop; be fluent in English. For enquiries(问询)or to apply, chinadaily . com . cn 【文章大意】本文是一篇招聘广告,文中列出了招聘方提出 的优惠条件、所需职位及各职位所需条件。 write to job @ including

1.What is the purpose of this passage? A. To describe the positions of the China Daily newspaper

group.
B. To describe the working conditions of the China Daily newspaper group. C. To advertise for recruiting some good employees. D. To tell you how to become part of this group. 【解析】选C。写作意图题。由文章第一段第一句《中国日 报》正在招聘工作人员可知本文是一篇招聘广告。

2.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The employees have to pay for their own food and lodging.
B. The workers there can enjoy a seven-day leave without pay.

C. The senior business editor’s only job is to help the business
editor to set goals. D. The employees have the right to enjoy eleven-day public holidays.

【解析】选D。细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的信息“我 们提供免费食宿”,“7天带薪假期”可排除A、B两项;由 招聘高级商务编辑的条件中可知此工作不仅仅帮助商务编辑 确定目标,还有其他职责。因此排除C项。

3.How many positions need editing experience? A.1. B.2. C.3. D.4.

【解析】选C。细节理解题。从所招聘的4个职位中,我们可 看出前3个职位都要求具有编辑经验。

4.What is NOT required about Graphic Designer?

A. Be well-versed with Photoshop.
B. Have excellent skills in information graphics.

C. Have a good sense of typography.
D. Writing snappy headlines and captions.

【解析】选D。推理判断题。从所招聘的最后一个职位要求
的条件中,可判断出D项不是所要求的必备条件。


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